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Argumentative Essay: The First Amendment In Public Schools
Engel v. vitale case study.
The majority stated that the provision allowing students to absent themselves from this activity did not make the law constitutional because the purpose of the First Amendment was to prevent government interference with religion. The majority noted that religion is very important to a vast majority of the American people. Since Americans adhere to a wide variety of beliefs, it is not appropriate for the government to endorse any particular belief system. The majority noted that wars, persecutions, and other destructive measures often arose in the past when the government involved itself in religious affairs.
Engel V Vitale
On June 25, 1962, a Supreme Court case, Engel v. Vitale, 370 U.S. 421, was decided. The lawsuit was brought to the United States Supreme Court by parents (of students who attended schools in the Herricks School District) who complained that a nondenominational prayer instituted by the New York Board of Regents in their district was unconstitutional. The parents argued that the prayer, although optional, violated their First Amendment Rights. When the 6-1 (two justices did not vote) decision was made, it was ruled that voluntary prayer in public schools violates the Establishment Clause in the First Amendment of the United States Constitution. One concurring opinion was given, and the single judge that did not vote the same as the rest provided
Mandatory Pledge Of Allegiance
America is often referred to as the “melting pot” because it was built on many different nationalities. For centuries it has been common place that school students stand and recite the Pledge of Allegiance before beginning classes. In the past, the courts have been challenged to rule whether students are required to recite, stand during the pledge, or can remain quietly seated. This has become a monumental task for the courts to rule in favor or against these actions due to the various beliefs and traditions of the school population. Due to the controversy, students in schools should not be required to recite or stand during the Pledge of Allegiance because the act itself denies students the right to exercise their First Amendment rights to
Bethel School Argumentative Essay
The Bethel School District had suspended the respondent, Matthew N. Fraser for the span of three school days as well as the school decided to revoke his name from a roster of potential speaking at special ceremonies such as graduation. The respondent’s parent reciprocated action by bringing their child’s infraction of his first Amendment right. This includes his freedom of speech.
1st Amendment Importance
In 1787 our founding fathers assembled the constitution of the United States of America. Of this which contains the most important document to the American citizen, the Bill of rights. The first Amendment states: “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances” These freedoms granted by the Bill of Rights are often known as freedom of expression. These rights are most important to a truly free society. The first amendment provides us with new ideas and dismisses the fear of punishment
Argumentative Essay: The First Amendments
The first amendment may seem like something that is generally understood among all of those who use it, but this may not be the case. While most citizens of the United States of America would certainly say that they understand and can comprehend what the first amendment means, an underlying lack of knowledge, upon what is presumed to be the most important of all the amendments, can still be discovered. “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press, or the right of the people to peaceably assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.” The specific piece of the first amendment that is particularly important
Argumentative Essay: The Second Amendment
The Second Amendment protects the right of people to keep and bear arms. This amendment was a controversial among different people in the government. It was between letting the people keep their weapons or to not let the people keep their weapons. This amendment was important to the framers of the Constitution because it provided the country with a well-regulated militia. The Second Amendment states "A well-regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a Free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed." Some reasons why this amendment was made are that the framers wanted adults to know how to use a weapon and to be ready to use a weapon if they were attacked. During this time, the British troops were still attempting to overtake the new land, one of the ways they did this was by attempting to take the people’s guns. There was still reason to believe that British would still attack the new country and the United States did not have a real army, so any military action needed to be responded to by
Definition Of America Essay
What is America all about? What is America defined as? America is more than just its geographical boundaries. To everyone in the world, America stands for something. People believe in America. America is the place that seems to give opportunities and equal changes to all. They have more freedom than others (but not total freedom). America is a united people working together. I believe America is a place where all people have a chance to succeed in life. I also believe that in America people have the freedom to stand up for their beliefs and fight for them.
Argumentative Essay On Anthem
While reading Anthem, a very collective society was shown. But how different is the life depicted in the book compared to the style of life in America? Is America like the cut throat collectivist society shown in Anthem or is it more individualistic? Overall, America is a more individual society because the First Amendment promotes individualism, people in The United States can choose their own career and our government, which is a democracy, is created through individual ideas and opinions.
Argumentative Essay: The First Amendment In The United States
You are talking about the government...BOOM!! You're in jail. You hold a petition or go against a religion BAM!! DEATH. This would be the mayhem without the first amendment.”Where the press is free and every man is able to read, all is safe.” says Thomas Jefferson on the first amendment. The first amendment, the 5 freedoms granted to everyone, has a meaning and purpose in everyone's day to day life and will forever have an enduring impact on life in the USA.
Essay On Religious Freedom In America
There are many views and opinions of the state of the United States on this subject. It has long been a puzzling issue that never seems to seize. America should have religious freedom, because it is a constitutional right to Americans. Prayer in school, gay marriage, and governmental control, are among some of the main issues in this topic.
Why Is The First Amendment Important
To begin with, the first amendment is very important to the Constitution and our daily life. In the first amendment there are five freedoms given to American citizens, the freedom of religion (from religion too), press, speech (expression), assembly, and the right to petition against the government. According to the article “First Amendment” on kidlaws.com, the freedom of religion,
Essay On Preservation Of Liberty
To establish which amendment in the Bill of Rights is the most influential to the preservation of liberty, one must first determine the true meaning of the word liberty. The Oxford dictionary defines liberty as “The state of being free within society from oppressive restrictions imposed by authority on one's way of life, behaviour, or political views.” Not only is this one of the core values ingrained into the base of our American culture, but it is also one of the main characteristics of a successful community (“First Amendment.”) Many societies argue that citizens do not have basic rights, the first amendment does the best job at protecting the nation's rights from the government by giving individuals freedom of speech, religion, and freedom of petition. The First Amendment has five freedoms guaranteed for the American people’s such as the right to religion, speech, and petition. This is arguably the most important amendment to liberty, and a person’s right to free will. The first amendment states “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or
Argumentative Essay: Freedom In The United States Today
Anyone in the world with an occasional source of internet has no choice but to see the seemingly outrageous news stories, posted weekly on events in the US. American’s have made their distrust in the government more than obvious, which in many cases, the government has provoked. The largest debate in the states today is the with the concept of freedom and where the lines are drawn between social security, equality, and one’s rights. Freedom is and always has been heavily emphasized in the development of the 50 states. It’s brought peace and war both figuratively and literally. At a moment when America should be more equal and free than ever, why do so many citizens feel their freedom is being threatened? Freedom of speech is a
More about Argumentative Essay: The First Amendment In Public Schools
- First Amendment to the United States Constitution
- Supreme Court of the United States
- Separation of church and state
- United States Constitution
- United States
Argumentative Essay On First Amendment Rights
Persuasive essay on the first amendment.
The life of the typical American citizen is completely built upon the first Amendment, and one Micheal Chabon explained, " The First Amendment has the same role in my life as a citizen and a writer as the sun has on our ecosystem." The life led in America reflects the beliefs of freedom in all aspects of the American way of life. The real debate comes to light when both sides of an argument is fueled by the protective power of Amendments. In the article "Private License Plate Scanners Amassing Vast Databases Open to Highest Bidders"(Private), and "Who Has the Right to Track You?"(Track) To test the idea out.The decision between these cornerstone beliefs depends greatly on personal belief, but anyone with a belief in democracy and freedom will see clearly in the discussion between the ideas pushing the first and fifth amendments. It is clear that the development of these arguments is built on the use of ethos, pathos, and/or logos; style, word choice, and tone; and the author's purpose to shift the view of the reader towards the preferred view point.
Persuasive Essay On The Second Amendment
The second amendment, not only a right in the United States but today it is
Argumentative Essay: The First Amendment
The First Amendment must have limits to avoid complete mayhem. Pre-existing limits are not enough to stop the hate speech that incites violence against large groups of people. The law protects threats against these large groups and assumes that counterspeech will be regulatory. Why should people have to continuously speak out to reassert that they should be treated equally?
Persuasive Essay On Freedom Of Speech
The NFL protest is a silent protest to police brutality and institutional racism. In Between the World and Me, Coates brings attention to institutional racism and police brutality. They are both extremely common in America. The NFL protest is an act of patriotism and brings awareness to institutional racism, but some Americans find it disrespectful to the national anthem.
The First Amendment in High School Essay
What is the age that a person should be able to claim rights under the first amendment? The first thing would come to most people's mind is eighteen. However, upon examination, someone could easily justify that a sixteen year old who is in his or her second year of college would have the ability to form an opinion and should be allowed to express it. What makes this student different from another student who, at sixteen, drops out of school and gets a job, or a student who decides to wear a shirt that says "PRO-CHOICE" on it? While these students differ in many aspects such as education level, their opinion can equally be silenced under the first amendment. One of the most blatant abuses of the first amendment right to free speech is
More than than 270,000 troops are being denied their gun rights,mainly from the thoughts of those who are against the 2nd Amement. It really is common in the United States. And they also are very powerful and one shot can change your life for the worst, if used incorrectly. And that shot can or even could killed somebody. And that what makes them deadly. Guns are essiential to the United States of America because guns give us protection, and they are used for hunting and other recreational activities, and they really aren’t the biggest problem to the country.
All U.S citizens have First Amendment rights. They all have the right of freedom of speech, religion, press, petition, and assembly. Freedom of Religion enforces the separation of church and state. Freedom of Speech allows people to express themselves without the interference or regulation by the government. Freedom of the Press allows people to express themselves through dissemination and publication. Freedom to Assemble allows individuals to get together for lawful and peaceful purposes. Freedom to Petition give people the right to ask government to correct a problem. Even though there might be certain hate groups, protesters, or discriminators, they can also be protected by their rights only if it doesn't interfere with other people's rights or gets those rights taken away. I believe that all U.S citizens should be able to practice any right they choose to.
Second Amendment Persuasive Essay
The right to bear arms is a birth given right to all Americans by the Second Amendment to the United States Constitution. The Second Amendment has become controversial recently due to the technological advancement of firearms. Modern firearms are capable of both high rates of fire and greater capacities of ammunition, unlike the single shot muskets that were available at the time of the Second Amendment’s conception. American liberals view these improvements in firearms as dangerous and unnecessary. However, no matter how dangerous firearms may be, the Second Amendment is a necessity for one factor alone: protection from one’s own government and it must be upheld. The Second Amendment provides a physical tool for Americans to defend themselves against a tyrannical government, it allows Americans to form militias against a tyrannical government, and it allows Americans to maintain comparable firearms of the U.S. government in order to prevent the potential loss of American freedoms in the future.
Informative Essay: The First Amendment
The freedom of religion has been essential since the day colonists began to flee from Great Britain to America. America was, and is, a place they could come and be free of persecution for what they believe. Unfortunately, over the course of history,
Not The Final CHHII 665 Essay
Reno, R.R. "Defending religious liberty." First Things: A Monthly Journal of Religion and Public Life 225 (2012): 3+. Academic OneFile. Web. 3 Mar. 2015.
Civil Liberties Essay
- 10 Works Cited
From the beginning, the United States Constitution has guaranteed the American people civil liberties. These liberties have given citizens rights to speak, believe, and act freely. The Constitution grants citizens the courage to express their mind about something they believe is immoral or unjust. The question is, how far are citizens willing to extend the meanings of these liberties? Some people believe that American citizens take advantage of their civil liberties, harming those around them. On the contrary, many other people feel that civil liberties are necessary tools to fight for their Constitutional rights.
The First Amendment one that is watered down, serves as example of the freedom we as Americans have. It is best known as the amendment that lets us say what we want when we want. There is more to it that gets overlooked. It blocks government from establishing a theocracy, grants the people the right to peacefully assemble and protest the government for a redress of grievances. Our press is independent and is given freedom to publish at will. Our freedoms embolden us to speak out and organize for progress and against society's wrongs. Sometimes groups will organize to speak out but will sink to extreme measures as a means of expression. The first amendment has seen challenges in recent months. “Donald Trump referred to the press, and I'm quoting his exact words, as "dishonest, disgusting, and scum."Just ten days ago, you might have heard in a press conference, President Donald Trump said that the "press is out of control."(Chemerinsky, 553). To clashes between different ideologies on college campuses with some initiating riots. The first amendment grants many freedoms, however it does not grant protection from consequence.
First Amendment Rights Debate
The capability to speak openly and practice the religion of your choice has existed since the birth of the United States of America. Yet in the past decade, more people than ever have caused us to question which first amendment right should be protected more; freedom of speech or freedom of religion. Such events where the two rights are pinned against each other, both seeking to sense a feeling of supremacy, have proved to lead to conflict and even bloodshed.
Argumentative Essay On The Bill Of Rights
The Bill of Rights is one of the most important things in the American government .The Bill of Rights has 10 Amendments. The fifth one however is one of the important one. The fifth Amendment deals with police procedures. Along with basic Constitutional limits, or in other words guidelines that Congress has to follow. The Fifth Amendment is a one of the most important Amendments because it gives people the rights to speech and privacy, the fifth doesn’t let people be charged with the same felony twice, and it gives citizens the right to a fair trial.
What is free speech? Does the term ‘free speech’ cover offensive words? Painful ones? Words that disrespect others? What about objectionable, or even wrong beliefs? When is speech illegal? What is exactly meant by free speech? According to Rampell, the term ‘free speech’ includes ‘hate speech’, and is therefore protected by the first amendment (np). This means that even messages we don’t like, agree with, feel uncomfortable about, or even are disgusted by, are legal. Unfortunately, many college students consider harmful words an assault, and some students believe that such verbal attacks can and should be met with violence (French np). Students and speakers today are discriminated against in classrooms and other scenes where free speech and debate should be especially cherished.
- First Amendment to the United States Constitution
- Supreme Court of the United States
- Separation of church and state
Argumentative Essay On The First Amendment Of The Constitution
Show More The first amendment of the constitution is the right of free speech; throughout our history the first amendment has been interpreted in a number of ways. Despite this fact all Americans agree that this is one of our most important rights, and lays the foundation for our nations core beliefs. The first amendment is a short statement “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech , or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.” (1) Though it holds a great deal of power, it upholds strong personal values, and sets a precedent for the future of our country. The only problem …show more content… They shun older government structures such as monarchies, even though monarchies are newer and are based on more modern principles. I am not advocating for monarchies what so ever, I just wanted to point out that even though democratic principles are extremely older than dynastic principles, we have found ourselves going with an older methodology. This shows that humans may revisit certain ideologies from the past, and this can be a very good thing in some cases. Hate speech laws could impede our civilization from accessing some of these old principles because they are somewhat offensive to a certain person/people. People should have the inexcusable right to self determination that our forefathers imagined we should have. People who agree with the creation of speech laws simply do not have a proper sense of American freedoms. Americans are often touted as being ignorant and blunt in some regards, but at least we have a very strong cultural foundation in freedom of speech unlike some countries in Europe who have very strong hate speech laws that could land them in jail if they say something that is deemed as offensive. These countries will ultimately come to realize the problems with these laws and the people living within these countries will yearn for such beautiful freedoms that our constitution provides us. Therefore, it is clear to see why our society should take this topic very seriously, and we should not cooperate with anyone who try’s to limit our freedom of expression in anyway whatsoever, and if people don’t respect that than they have the right to form an argument against it, because their right to free speech is
Lawrence v. wade.
He makes this comparison, because if the court will overturn Bowers, a case Scalia sees as having significant societal reliance, then they should overturn Roe. It seems that Scalia is correct when he says that many of our moralistic laws will be called into question with the overturning of Bowers, but I do not see where that is as big of a problem as he says. I see that the courts would be very busy, but I think many of our laws governing morals are unjust. There are reasons why things like bestiality and adult incest should be illegal that are not simply because of morals. Bestiality is abuse to animals, which is against another law, and adult incest results in problems with the babies.…
The Pros And Cons Of Censorship
We as Americans love our freedom. When we are restricted, only then do we feel violated. But as a society do we not need some limits set to maintain a civilized world? There are many arguments out there as to what these limits should be. Well known author Roger Rosenblatt’s article “We Are Free to Be You, Me, Stupid, and Dead” defends the right to freedom of speech…
Morality Of The Death Penalty Analysis
For example, by describing the problem that the commission came across when identifying the immorality of the death penalty they were able to transition the paper smoothly. They explain why morality is not a good precursor for setting laws because of the erratics of social understanding. They point out the advantages of employing moral precepts yet, it is flawed as they explain and so they attack this flaw. Using a conditional they state that in a democratic society it is within the people's interests to set laws according to their shared beliefs. It seems rather contradicting to make that claim since earlier they stated that it is impossible to align the views of individuals with governing bodies.…
Same Sex Amendment Essay
In today’s age some of these laws have restricted people from living the life that their ancestors risked their lives for. Everyone deserves the freedom to live their life happily. This is why I support the notion to amend the amendment against same sex marriage. Amending the U.S. Constitution is not an easy process. You cannot just go to the president and say “hey the people don’t like this amendment we have to change it”.…
Should First Amendment Be Regulated
When such opposition rises, it could be tempting to ensure these undesirable opinions would be suppressed and destroyed through regulations and restrictions against these agitators. While it sounds good to silence the opposition, these actions could later backfire against future generations. When society becomes infiltrated by evil and the wrong becomes the majority, the restrictions put in place before will work against the good. For these reasons, the First Amendment was erected. Robert Richards, director of the Pennsylvania Center for the First Amendment, commented on the purpose of the First Amendment saying, “in a sense, we have a First Amendment to protect unpopular expression – or the minority viewpoint – because we don’t need a constitution to protect what the majority things.…
Essay On Statue Of Liberty
The reason why there are limits are because we need rescissions otherwise the country would be going haywire and there would be a lot more crime and injustice. Laws that set the limits are just there to make sure we can maintain having all of the freedom that we have. Liberty is what gives us the right to democracy, the ability to have a cioce how gets to govern us and what laws we allow and do not. Democracy was one of the most important ideals of the founding fathers, their whole goal was to be separated from England and not have a ruler or a dictator. This is definitely the most achieved ideal of the five because we have stuck with the rules since the beginning when dealing with presidencies.…
Difference Between Disagreement And Dissent
Daniel J. Boorstin claims there is a significant distinction between disagreement and dissent in a liberal society, arguing that disagreement is essential to the vitality of democracy, while dissent is effectively its cancer. I agree with Boorstin’s distinction as it applies in a historical context because disagreement promoted the rights of the people, while dissent seriously endangered them. However, I do not believe his distinction holds entirely true in contemporary America because the federal government’s protection of people’s rights is too secure for dissent to significantly weaken democracy. During the sequence of events at America’s founding as a democratic nation in the late 18th century, democracy relied on disagreement. After…
Who Were The Loyalists Essay
They were trying to get people t understand that the Constitution was helping and protecting them. While on the other hand, there were anti-federalists, and they believed the complete opposite. They “insisted that the Constitution shifted the balance between liberty and power too far in the direction of the latter” (Foner 256). The Anti-federalists were for the Bill of Rights, and felt that it would add important things such as freedom of press and speech. The wanted the Bill of Rights to be implemented so that they could be protected against the Constitution, and that it would also guarantee peoples rights.…
Arguments Against The Bill Of Rights
During the ratification debates of the US Constitution, there was conversation over the necessity of a bill of rights to define people’s rights and limit the government’s powers. Many federalists believed such a bill of rights would not only be unnecessary, but would weaken the constitution and the people, and give the government powers they should have. Noah Webster, Alexander Hamilton, and James Wilson each make arguments against a bill of rights. Webster argues that a bill of rights may be irrelevant in future generations, but people will be reluctant to change or add to it. Hamilton believes that the bill of rights is unnecessary because the constitution itself is in terms a bill of rights.…
Restriction Of Free Speech: The Right To Freedom Of Speech
When criticised for their offensive ways, these people use the first amendment to defend themselves, arguing that they have the freedom of speech. This certainly calls into question the right to freedom of speech. Should these people be allowed to preach their messages of hate towards minorities without consequences? Are these speeches not a threat to the oppressed groups? While these words do not directly incite people to break the law, it does happen.…
- Hate speech
- Freedom of speech
- First Amendment to the United States Constitution
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Home — Essay Samples — Law, Crime & Punishment — American Constitution — First Amendment
Essays on First Amendment
The overview of the first amendment to the united states constitution, the first amendment: the most discussed amendment in the constitution, the right to freedom of religion in the first amendment of the constitution, the main aspects of the right to free speech, freedom comes before equality - first amendment, the role of the first amendment and free speech in digital era, the restriction of our first amendment rights through the use of censorship, an examination of the first amendment: the freedom of speech, politically correct and inappropriate words to be excluded from first amendment, a study on the westboro baptist church and the scope of the first amendment, the separation of the church and state and the different interpretation of the first amendment, how political correctness is an attack on the 1st amendment, the first amendment and the ku klux klan, why is the first amendment important: essay on the role of amendment for video game companies, why is the first amendment important: citizens' freedom of speech, feeling stressed about your essay.
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First Amendment Essays
The first amendment.
The First Amendment does not protect all forms of speech. Although its protections are incredibly diverse and broad, the First Amendment does not protect forms of speech including: “obscenity, fighting words, defamation (including libel and slander), child pornography, perjury, blackmail, incitement to imminent lawless action, true threats, and solicitations to commit crimes” (Freedom Forum Institute, 1). The incorporation doctrine is a constitutional doctrine establishing the Bill of Rights (amendments 1-10) as fundamental rights guaranteed in both federal and state court […]
First Amendment Petition Clause
Under the United States Constitution, the first amendment protects the American right to petition the government for redress of grievances. In the Declaration of Independence, Congress included American’s list of grievances toward the British government. American colonies repeatedly requested relief from these said grievances such as taxation without consent, or the prevention of people elected rulers, but they were only met with more restrictions. One of the main reasons this right is so important was because the United States’ first […]
The Origins of the First Amendment
The first well-known amendment of the constitution, the first amendment “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.”. The U.S. government cannot require a specific religion for all its citizens. United States citizens have the right to decide what faith we want to […]
1st Amendment and Congress
David Thuita I Amendment “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.” The beginning of the second amendment finds its root in Athens, Greece during the 400s B.C., where free men were allowed to freely speak. Athen theaters, writings, and educational institutions all […]
First Amendment Values
Americans value the First Amendment as much as a teenage girl values her cell phone. Life just wouldn’t be the same without it. Thanks to the authors of the Constitution America has established the fundamental laws, government, and basic rights for American citizens. The document was signed on September 17, 1787, in Philadelphia. Later, Madison introduced 19 amendments, 12 of which were adopted. Ten of them were ratified and became the Bill of Rights on December 10, 1791. The First […]
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Protection our First Amendment V. the End Collective Bargaining
On June 27, 2018, the Supreme Court ruled, with a vote of 5 to 4, in favor of Marc Janus in the case Janus v. American Federation of County, and Municipal Employees. The Supreme Court overturns the 40-year-old precedence that mandated for unions in 22 states for non-members to pay agency fees that help fund collective bargaining activities. For the simple reason that regardless of membership status non-members still benefited from any bargaining outcomes. Marc Janus is a state employee, […]
The First Amendment: Freedom of Religion
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances. Freedom of religion means that all men are free to have their personal options in choosing a religion to follow. That men should not be punished because of the religion they follow. That the government […]
The First and Fourteenth Amendment
Without freedom of speech and equal protection, our country would be drastically different. There are two essential things to remember about the First Amendment protection of free speech. The main reason we have freedom of speech is to allow for public criticism of the government. Secondly, it important to remember is that the First Amendment protects us from the government doing things that try to refuse your freedom of speech, but not anyone else. What this means is that we […]
The First Amendment the Foundation for True Liberty in America
“”The very reason for the First Amendment is to make the people of this country free to think, speak, write and worship as they wish, not as the Government commands.”” (Hugo Black) The First Amendment is indescribably important to the foundation of true liberty in this country. Being the first amendment in the Bill of Rights, it protects freedom of speech, religion, press, and to assemble and petition. In the summer of 1787, politicians from around our newly created country, […]
The Original Bill of Rights
On September 25, 1789, the state legislatures were presented with twelve amendments drafted by James Madison to add to the Constitution. It was on December 15, 1791 that ten of the twelve amendments, number 3 through twelve, were ratified and employed by the federal government, becoming the United States Bill of Rights (Jordan). The Bill of Rights acted as a compromise between the federalists and anti-federalists to get the Constitution ratified (Bill of Right Institute Staff, “”Bill of Rights””). The […]
The Bill of Rights and Constitution
On December 15, 1791, the Bill of Rights became part of the Constitution. These amendments were created to protect the rights of the citizens of the United States. The most important rights that were created in the Bill of Rights is the first amendment, it protects a citizen’s freedom of speech and allow them to freely speak what they want and believe. It also allows the freedom of religion and press. First Amendment allows Americans who live in a country […]
Civil Rights and First Amendment
How does the text define civil rights? Civil rights are the freedom from unequal treatment. To have civil rights is to have the freedom to be able to participate in all aspects of a society, “to vote, use public facilities, and exercise equal economic opportunity.” It takes the government to protect the civil rights of the people but protecting the rights of some can infringe the rights of others by forcing prejudice people to accept a society that they are […]
First Amendment and Social Media
“The ratification of the U.S constitution in 1791 hinged on the adoption of The Bill of Rights consisting of first ten amendments. The first amendment of which protects basic freedoms including speech, religion, press and assemble however, have had its implication to be the subject of continuing interpretation and dispute over the years for media platforms. Today, the lack of use of the first amendment on social media in comparison to use in society is raising concerns for the detriments […]
Banned Books and the First Amendment Essay
Literature is an important aspect of the human life. The freedom of reading is an issue due to language usage and subject matter. Banning books could either be censoring individuals from the pain of history, or allowing them to expand their intellectual capacity. Evidently, banning books could be both favorable, and a cause for concern. The article “Read the Great Books That Use the Worst Slur,” authored by Tonyn Norman argues the need to protect the eyes and ears of […]
3d Printed Guns It is Constitutional
Even though this is an incredibly new technology, politicians and even presidents around the globe makers have recognized 3D printed guns and what’s behind it. Regardless of what their actual thoughts are on the topic, the laws that they have tried to put into place that obstructs the progress of the technology has risen the number of questions that deal with it. Questions such as whether or not it is constitutional to make them, distribute them or even use them. […]
First Amendment Freedom of Speech
The 2017 Berkeley protests organized by different groups including By Any Means Necessary (BAMN) were an abject violation of the freedom of speech as outlined in the First Amendment of the American constitution. The protests successfully stopped a speech by Milo Yiannopoulos, a controversial Breitbart editor and a self-declared Trump supporter. The protests turned violent and led to the destruction of the property thus posing significant harm to the society. In defending the protests, Yvette Felarca, BAMN’s spokesperson argued that […]
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Essay: The Constitution, the First Amendment, and Religious Liberty
The Constitution, the First Amendment, and Religious Liberty
Directions: Read the essay and answer the critical thinking questions.
Throughout world history, religious conflicts have been widespread and bloody. In contrast, Americans of various faiths have been able, with some exceptions, to live side by side in relative harmony. What has made the difference? Religious liberty is one important answer. To support religious liberty, the Founders worked to ensure that government was properly limited in its purpose, as well as in its power.
Virginia’s Religious Revolution
At the time the Constitution was ratified, many of the original 13 states still supported established churches. Many Americans believed that government should support religion because religion promoted virtuous lives and nurtured the social order needed for self-government.
The Anglican Church was the established denomination in Virginia, though citizens could belong to any Christian church. Baptists were a fast-growing minority in Virginia. They did not believe that the government should have so much control over religion, and did not follow Virginia’s law that required a license to preach. As a result, Baptists were arrested, fined, and sometimes physically assaulted. Baptist preachers were whipped and dunked into mud to the point of near drowning. Baptists petitioned the Virginia government to disestablish the Anglican Church, and give all churches equal rights and benefits.
In 1776, the Virginia legislature adopted a Declaration of Rights, which included a provision dealing with religion. George Mason, the Declaration’s chief draftsman, first wrote: “All Men shou’d enjoy the fullest Toleration in the Exercise of Religion, according to the Dictates of Conscience.” But a young James Madison thought Mason’s draft did not go far enough. Madison believed that the language of “toleration” meant that a government could grant—or deny—citizens the privilege of exercising religion. Madison recommended new wording affirming that free religious belief and exercise were a natural right and duty of all. The final Declaration declared “That Religion, or the duty which we owe to our CREATOR, and the manner of discharging it, can be directed only by reason and conviction, not by force or violence; and therefore all men are equally entitled to the free exercise of religion, according to the dictates of conscience.…”
Religious dissenters, who were not members of the established church, thought the logic of the provision would place all churches on an equal footing before the law and lead to disestablishment. However, Virginians would continue to debate the implications of this provision for the next decade.
By the mid-1780s, taxes to support the Anglican Church had been suspended. In 1784, Patrick Henry proposed a general tax called the Bill Establishing a Provision for Teachers [Ministers] of the Christian Religion. Similar to some New England state laws, citizens would choose which Christian church received their support, or the money could go to a general fund to be distributed by the state legislature.
One notable supporter of the bill was George Washington. He wrote to James Madison: “No man’s sentiments are more opposed to any kind of restraint upon religious principles than mine are; yet I must confess, that I am not amongst the number of those who are so much alarmed at the thoughts of making people pay towards the support of that which they profess, if of the denominations of Christians; or declare themselves Jews, Mahomitans or otherwise, & thereby obtain proper relief.”
Opponents of the bill included James Madison. Madison wrote the Memorial and Remonstrance (1785) opposing the proposed tax. He asserted that religion could not be forced on people, and that state support actually corrupted religion. Government properly limited, rather, would promote a civil society in which people of different faiths could maintain their beliefs according to their own consciences. Madison’s side won the debate and Henry’s religious assessments bill did not pass.
The next year, the Virginia legislature passed The Virginia Statute for Establishing Religious Freedom, written by Thomas Jefferson. This 1786 law (still on the books in Virginia) banned government interference in religion and individual beliefs. Some, but not all, other states gradually followed the example of Virginia.
The Constitution and the First Amendment
At the Constitutional Convention in 1787, the delegates did not discuss basing the government on a religion. The only mention of religion in the body of the U.S. Constitution is to ban religious tests for national office in Article 6, Section 3. Federal employees and elected officials did not have to belong to a specific church or even be religious. This provision passed without debate.
The Constitution likely would not have been ratified without the promise of a Bill of Rights. Many states sent Congress proposed amendments that would add protections from the national government. Included in the proposals was protection for freedom of religion. Congress spent weeks debating different wordings. Finally, amendments were sent to the states for ratification. The religion clauses of the First Amendment read: “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof…” The first part, known as the Establishment Clause, prohibited the national government from having anything to do with a national religion. Second, the Free Exercise Clause denied the national government the power to pass laws that stopped individuals from practicing their religions.
States did not have to disestablish their churches because the Constitution and Bill of Rights only applied to the national government. Some of the states maintained established churches and many maintained religious tests for office for many years.
CRITICAL THINKING QUESTIONS
- What was the Bill Establishing a Provision for Teachers of the Christian Religion? What arguments were put forth for and against it?
- George Washington supported religious liberty, but did not oppose the proposed Bill Establishing a Provision for Teachers of the Christian Religion. How did he reconcile these positions?
- Why could states establish religions and require religious tests even after the ratification of the Constitution and Bill of Rights?
- Today, there are over 55 countries with established religions. However, a similar number of countries have moved toward religious freedom over the last 150 years. Why do you think the trend over the last 150 years has been to disestablish religions?
Argumentative Essay On The First Amendment
The First Amendment is one of the most important and controversial amendments in the Constitution. The First Amendment is the amendment that guarantees your rights and protection of free speech, assembly, press, and religion. These rights are very important to the American people because without them we would have no freedom. Muhammad Ali, one of the world’s greatest boxing champions, was one day stripped of his 1st Amendment freedoms. During the time of the Vietnam War the United States armed forces called for a draft. The draft selected people from all around the U.S., even athletes. One of the athletes selected for the draft was a boxer from Louisville that goes by the name of Muhammad Ali. Ali went to take his army physical for the draft …show more content… Ali and his lawyers did fight against the case claiming First Amendment rights of freedom of religion. “But now that I’m the champion, I am the king, so it seems the world is all shook up about what I believe…The real name is Islam. That means peace,” said Ali. Muhammad claimed that this violence was against his religious beliefs of Islam. It is clear that Muhammad’s religious beliefs are being brought into question. His lawyers tried to appeal his case through the federal courts in order to get to the Supreme Court. There were both individual and public stakes at hand during this case. The public stakes is that Ali would be drafted to the war along with many other Americans, while the individual right at stake is that Ali’s First Amendment right of freedom of religion will not be protected. When Muhammad’s case finally reached the Supreme Court after four years of the ongoing case, the lower court’s decision was overruled. The decision was 8-0 in Ali’s favor. Clearly, Ali should have won the case from the beginning because the First Amendment protects your freedom of Show More
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- Opines that freedom of speech gives power to victims, freedom from ridicule, slander, or persecution, and freedom for all.
- Explains that the right to petition is used daily as a way to create better environments, satisfy claims and drive out unethical processes.
- Explains that the united states constitution was created in 1787 to protect the natural rights of all persons and their pursuit of happiness with the right to own property.
- Explains that the first amendment of freedom of the press protects the publication's right to voice opinions, even if they are proven false.
- Opines that the first amendment gives citizens a sense of authority, control, and inner security, which could change the backbone of the united states.
3). This freedom allows persons to worship without persecution and prohibits the government from developing a church within its own control. In 1802 Thomas Jefferson coined the phrase, “separation of church and state.” While Jefferson was President, he believed a wall of separation should exist between the two. For an example, in 1986 a Jewish student, Deborah Weisman successfully sued her public school district over a Christian graduation prayer. She cited the First Amendment clause stating that no entity should dictate any such religion (“The Weisman Family - Freedom from Religion Foundation."). On June 25, 1962, the US Supreme Court ruled that no public school could lead any child in prayer (Haynes, “50 Years Later, How School-Prayer Ruling Changed America”). This very ruling is the basis for the Deborah Weisman’s
- Analyzes how john f. kennedy, a democratic presidential candidate, reiterated jefferson's doctrine of separation of church and state.
- Explains kramnick, isaac, and lowi, theory, j. american political thought: a norton anthology.
- Analyzes the history of church-state relations in america and argues that the two schools of thought have a common ground.
- Concludes that the role of the church in the state is indispensable to the extent that it produces morally upright leaders.
- Describes the "second amendment." lii / legal information institute.
- Argues that the second amendment should remain in place in order to keep america safe.
- Opines that removing the second amendment would pose a threat to us from criminals, and enemy countries and terror.
- Opines that if gun sales were banned, we would have 300 million firearms floating around. taking away our amendment would cause more problems in our country than we already have.
- Analyzes masters, jonathan, and darcy, oliver. "bill o 'reilly goes off script to send strong 15 word message to obama after his call for gun control."
- Analyzes johnson, constance n., and ralph shortey. "should people be allowed to carry guns openly?"
- Opines that freedom is supposed to be guaranteed to us citizens, but in retrospect it is not granted.
- Analyzes how kaepernick's intentions were not to make people pay more attention to the 49ers, but to stand up for oppressed people.
- Opines that kaepernick's statement will be the talk of the rest of football season whether or not it is good or bad, but who is able to make that judgment?
- Explains that freedom is the right to act, speak, or think as one wishes without restraint. colin kaepernick is criticized for refusing to stand for the national anthem.
- Argues that the second amendment should be abolished so we can ban guns from the united states. guns have been the root of all-evil and involved in many of the major killings or massacres in the recent years.
- Opines that the nra's stranglehold on the government is why new gun control is not being passed into laws.
- Opines that the nra stranglehold on the government is part of the problem and says they have magical properties.
- Explains that the nra says if we give more guns then we will be and feel safer. in less developed countries like honduras, switzerland, and israel they have more shootings than we do.
- Disagrees with the nra's claim that more guns would reduce crime rates because it would protect people, but there is wrong because we still have the highest homicide rate around the world.
- Concludes that if we had more gun control like australia maybe, we wouldn't have mass shootings since 1996 like they do.
- Explains the second amendment, which states that a well-regulated militia is necessary to the state's security. some americans want to rid of guns from citizens, disobeying the constitution.
- Opines that banning guns from citizens will not prevent them from shooting. drugs can kill people, just like guns, but it is the person smoking, snorting, or injecting it.
- Opines that the constitution prohibits modest regulation of how we use a deadly weapon, but law-abiding gun owners could hunt and protect their families.
- Opines that they feel safer knowing there is a firearm around them than not. they shot their first firearm at an early age. the thought of having firearms taken away from them is repulsive and upsetting.
- Opines that ronald reagan was a republican president and proud member of the national rifle association.
- Analyzes how obama and reagan both agreed that a waiting period for little time is necessary for officials. confiscating one's firearm is direct disobedience to the second amendment, while reagan was stating guns should be used with caution.
- Opines that the constitution would be disrespected, and the foundation of our nation would suffer.
- Describes how their grandpa taught them safety precautions when handling or firing any pistols, shotgun, or assault rifle. they became the youngest nra certified pistol instructor in the state of oklahoma.
- Opines that the second amendment is our right as citizens to protect and serve the constitution of the united states, and all of its amendments.
- Explains that the second amendment is the standing of how the united states became the u.s.a.
- Opines that as a nation, we should be fighting for the second amendment just as women did for their suffrage in the early 20th century and how the colonists fought to secede from great britain.
- Concludes that firearms are not as bad as politicians say, they are as safe as an individual firing them. they support the second amendment because it forged the united states through the revolutionary war.
- Explains that the bill of rights contains the first ten amendments we reserve as citizens of the united states. the second amendment gives us the right to own and carry guns.
- Explains that the right to bear arms is a subject under heavy scrutiny in our nation today, but to fully understand the amendment you must understand why it was instilled.
- Explains that the gun control act was the first attempt at restricting easy access to a firearm. the supreme court ruled the district of columbia’s handgun ban was unconstitutional.
- Opines that if the united states tried to take away guns from its citizens at this point, there would be an uproar throughout the nation.
- Compares the united states and australia in terms of gun control, stating that the second amendment should not be revoked.
- Explains that president obama proposed a new gun law prohibiting military style weapons and limiting the legal magazine size to 10 rounds. since 1977 the nra has become one of the most powerful special interests lobbying in washington.
- Opines that removing the right to own a firearm opens up the opportunity for the government to take away other rights we have in the constitution.
- Explains that knowing the name and brief purpose of an american right is completely different than knowing its history, background, and how it affects the country today.
- Explains that the constitution was beautifully crafted, but it only stated what the government could do and not what it could not do. the bill of rights was put in place by our founding fathers for protection of individual rights.
- Explains that the second amendment protects the right for freed citizens to bear arms, which was first coined in 1789.
- Argues that the second amendment was not founded on the ideas of violence, hatred, or sport.
- Opines that mcdonald v chicago was a real-world case involving the second amendment, and that the fourteenth amendment makes the right to keep and bear arms relevant to individual states.
- Explains that mcdonald v chicago and other modern-day events do not make it to court. in the summer of 2015, a young adult male was seen loading and unloading shotguns inside of mississippi walmart.
- Concludes that the second amendment of the united states constitution, or the right to bear arms, is a right every free american citizen has.
- Opines that freedom needs to be won more than once, but it shouldn't need to. our founding fathers wrote the constitution which have our freedoms, the 10 amendments.
- Opines that obama believes in the 2nd amendment but doesn't believe we should have guns. he believes that everyone is gonna have a gun even if they ban it.
- Agrees with donald trump's comments about foreigners in the united states.
- Opines that people are so involved with the world that they can't see what's wrong with it. they think whatever the government says about our country and the citizens is right.
- Opines that america's freedom shouldn't be fought again. we won our independence in 1776 and have the declaration of independence to prove it.
- Explains that the 13th amendment abolished slavery in the united states. abraham lincoln issued the emancipation proclamation in 1863.
- Explains that the 13th amendment was first passed by the senate in april of 1864, but there was controversy in getting the house to pass the amendment.
- Explains that the 13th amendment still has a great effect on our country today. some people argue that there is still slavery in the united states.
- Explains that human trafficking is a common form of slavery in today's world. many american citizens want statues of confederate figures or leaders to be torn down.
- Concludes that the 13th amendment took quite a bit of work to be ratified, and issues relating to slavery are still present in today’s world.
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