Purdue Online Writing Lab College of Liberal Arts
Welcome to the Purdue OWL
This page is brought to you by the OWL at Purdue University. When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice.
Copyright ©1995-2018 by The Writing Lab & The OWL at Purdue and Purdue University. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use.
The Modes of Discourse—Exposition, Description, Narration, Argumentation (EDNA)—are common paper assignments you may encounter in your writing classes. Although these genres have been criticized by some composition scholars, the Purdue OWL recognizes the wide spread use of these approaches and students’ need to understand and produce them.
What is an argumentative essay?
The argumentative essay is a genre of writing that requires the student to investigate a topic; collect, generate, and evaluate evidence; and establish a position on the topic in a concise manner.
Please note : Some confusion may occur between the argumentative essay and the expository essay. These two genres are similar, but the argumentative essay differs from the expository essay in the amount of pre-writing (invention) and research involved. The argumentative essay is commonly assigned as a capstone or final project in first year writing or advanced composition courses and involves lengthy, detailed research. Expository essays involve less research and are shorter in length. Expository essays are often used for in-class writing exercises or tests, such as the GED or GRE.
Argumentative essay assignments generally call for extensive research of literature or previously published material. Argumentative assignments may also require empirical research where the student collects data through interviews, surveys, observations, or experiments. Detailed research allows the student to learn about the topic and to understand different points of view regarding the topic so that she/he may choose a position and support it with the evidence collected during research. Regardless of the amount or type of research involved, argumentative essays must establish a clear thesis and follow sound reasoning.
The structure of the argumentative essay is held together by the following.
- A clear, concise, and defined thesis statement that occurs in the first paragraph of the essay.
In the first paragraph of an argument essay, students should set the context by reviewing the topic in a general way. Next the author should explain why the topic is important ( exigence ) or why readers should care about the issue. Lastly, students should present the thesis statement. It is essential that this thesis statement be appropriately narrowed to follow the guidelines set forth in the assignment. If the student does not master this portion of the essay, it will be quite difficult to compose an effective or persuasive essay.
- Clear and logical transitions between the introduction, body, and conclusion.
Transitions are the mortar that holds the foundation of the essay together. Without logical progression of thought, the reader is unable to follow the essay’s argument, and the structure will collapse. Transitions should wrap up the idea from the previous section and introduce the idea that is to follow in the next section.
- Body paragraphs that include evidential support.
Each paragraph should be limited to the discussion of one general idea. This will allow for clarity and direction throughout the essay. In addition, such conciseness creates an ease of readability for one’s audience. It is important to note that each paragraph in the body of the essay must have some logical connection to the thesis statement in the opening paragraph. Some paragraphs will directly support the thesis statement with evidence collected during research. It is also important to explain how and why the evidence supports the thesis ( warrant ).
However, argumentative essays should also consider and explain differing points of view regarding the topic. Depending on the length of the assignment, students should dedicate one or two paragraphs of an argumentative essay to discussing conflicting opinions on the topic. Rather than explaining how these differing opinions are wrong outright, students should note how opinions that do not align with their thesis might not be well informed or how they might be out of date.
- Evidential support (whether factual, logical, statistical, or anecdotal).
The argumentative essay requires well-researched, accurate, detailed, and current information to support the thesis statement and consider other points of view. Some factual, logical, statistical, or anecdotal evidence should support the thesis. However, students must consider multiple points of view when collecting evidence. As noted in the paragraph above, a successful and well-rounded argumentative essay will also discuss opinions not aligning with the thesis. It is unethical to exclude evidence that may not support the thesis. It is not the student’s job to point out how other positions are wrong outright, but rather to explain how other positions may not be well informed or up to date on the topic.
- A conclusion that does not simply restate the thesis, but readdresses it in light of the evidence provided.
It is at this point of the essay that students may begin to struggle. This is the portion of the essay that will leave the most immediate impression on the mind of the reader. Therefore, it must be effective and logical. Do not introduce any new information into the conclusion; rather, synthesize the information presented in the body of the essay. Restate why the topic is important, review the main points, and review your thesis. You may also want to include a short discussion of more research that should be completed in light of your work.
A complete argument
Perhaps it is helpful to think of an essay in terms of a conversation or debate with a classmate. If I were to discuss the cause of World War II and its current effect on those who lived through the tumultuous time, there would be a beginning, middle, and end to the conversation. In fact, if I were to end the argument in the middle of my second point, questions would arise concerning the current effects on those who lived through the conflict. Therefore, the argumentative essay must be complete, and logically so, leaving no doubt as to its intent or argument.
The five-paragraph essay
A common method for writing an argumentative essay is the five-paragraph approach. This is, however, by no means the only formula for writing such essays. If it sounds straightforward, that is because it is; in fact, the method consists of (a) an introductory paragraph (b) three evidentiary body paragraphs that may include discussion of opposing views and (c) a conclusion.
Longer argumentative essays
Complex issues and detailed research call for complex and detailed essays. Argumentative essays discussing a number of research sources or empirical research will most certainly be longer than five paragraphs. Authors may have to discuss the context surrounding the topic, sources of information and their credibility, as well as a number of different opinions on the issue before concluding the essay. Many of these factors will be determined by the assignment.
Choose Your Test
Sat / act prep online guides and tips, 3 strong argumentative essay examples, analyzed.
Need to defend your opinion on an issue? Argumentative essays are one of the most popular types of essays you’ll write in school. They combine persuasive arguments with fact-based research, and, when done well, can be powerful tools for making someone agree with your point of view. If you’re struggling to write an argumentative essay or just want to learn more about them, seeing examples can be a big help.
After giving an overview of this type of essay, we provide three argumentative essay examples. After each essay, we explain in-depth how the essay was structured, what worked, and where the essay could be improved. We end with tips for making your own argumentative essay as strong as possible.
What Is an Argumentative Essay?
An argumentative essay is an essay that uses evidence and facts to support the claim it’s making. Its purpose is to persuade the reader to agree with the argument being made.
A good argumentative essay will use facts and evidence to support the argument, rather than just the author’s thoughts and opinions. For example, say you wanted to write an argumentative essay stating that Charleston, SC is a great destination for families. You couldn’t just say that it’s a great place because you took your family there and enjoyed it. For it to be an argumentative essay, you need to have facts and data to support your argument, such as the number of child-friendly attractions in Charleston, special deals you can get with kids, and surveys of people who visited Charleston as a family and enjoyed it. The first argument is based entirely on feelings, whereas the second is based on evidence that can be proven.
The standard five paragraph format is common, but not required, for argumentative essays. These essays typically follow one of two formats: the Toulmin model or the Rogerian model.
- The Toulmin model is the most common. It begins with an introduction, follows with a thesis/claim, and gives data and evidence to support that claim. This style of essay also includes rebuttals of counterarguments.
- The Rogerian model analyzes two sides of an argument and reaches a conclusion after weighing the strengths and weaknesses of each.
3 Good Argumentative Essay Examples + Analysis
Below are three examples of argumentative essays, written by yours truly in my school days, as well as analysis of what each did well and where it could be improved.
Argumentative Essay Example 1
Proponents of this idea state that it will save local cities and towns money because libraries are expensive to maintain. They also believe it will encourage more people to read because they won’t have to travel to a library to get a book; they can simply click on what they want to read and read it from wherever they are. They could also access more materials because libraries won’t have to buy physical copies of books; they can simply rent out as many digital copies as they need.
However, it would be a serious mistake to replace libraries with tablets. First, digital books and resources are associated with less learning and more problems than print resources. A study done on tablet vs book reading found that people read 20-30% slower on tablets, retain 20% less information, and understand 10% less of what they read compared to people who read the same information in print. Additionally, staring too long at a screen has been shown to cause numerous health problems, including blurred vision, dizziness, dry eyes, headaches, and eye strain, at much higher instances than reading print does. People who use tablets and mobile devices excessively also have a higher incidence of more serious health issues such as fibromyalgia, shoulder and back pain, carpal tunnel syndrome, and muscle strain. I know that whenever I read from my e-reader for too long, my eyes begin to feel tired and my neck hurts. We should not add to these problems by giving people, especially young people, more reasons to look at screens.
Second, it is incredibly narrow-minded to assume that the only service libraries offer is book lending. Libraries have a multitude of benefits, and many are only available if the library has a physical location. Some of these benefits include acting as a quiet study space, giving people a way to converse with their neighbors, holding classes on a variety of topics, providing jobs, answering patron questions, and keeping the community connected. One neighborhood found that, after a local library instituted community events such as play times for toddlers and parents, job fairs for teenagers, and meeting spaces for senior citizens, over a third of residents reported feeling more connected to their community. Similarly, a Pew survey conducted in 2015 found that nearly two-thirds of American adults feel that closing their local library would have a major impact on their community. People see libraries as a way to connect with others and get their questions answered, benefits tablets can’t offer nearly as well or as easily.
While replacing libraries with tablets may seem like a simple solution, it would encourage people to spend even more time looking at digital screens, despite the myriad issues surrounding them. It would also end access to many of the benefits of libraries that people have come to rely on. In many areas, libraries are such an important part of the community network that they could never be replaced by a simple object.
The author begins by giving an overview of the counter-argument, then the thesis appears as the first sentence in the third paragraph. The essay then spends the rest of the paper dismantling the counter argument and showing why readers should believe the other side.
What this essay does well:
- Although it’s a bit unusual to have the thesis appear fairly far into the essay, it works because, once the thesis is stated, the rest of the essay focuses on supporting it since the counter-argument has already been discussed earlier in the paper.
- This essay includes numerous facts and cites studies to support its case. By having specific data to rely on, the author’s argument is stronger and readers will be more inclined to agree with it.
- For every argument the other side makes, the author makes sure to refute it and follow up with why her opinion is the stronger one. In order to make a strong argument, it’s important to dismantle the other side, which this essay does this by making the author's view appear stronger.
- This is a shorter paper, and if it needed to be expanded to meet length requirements, it could include more examples and go more into depth with them, such as by explaining specific cases where people benefited from local libraries.
- Additionally, while the paper uses lots of data, the author also mentions their own experience with using tablets. This should be removed since argumentative essays focus on facts and data to support an argument, not the author’s own opinion or experiences. Replacing that with more data on health issues associated with screen time would strengthen the essay.
- Some of the points made aren't completely accurate , particularly the one about digital books being cheaper. It actually often costs a library more money to rent out numerous digital copies of a book compared to buying a single physical copy. Make sure in your own essay you thoroughly research each of the points and rebuttals you make, otherwise you'll look like you don't know the issue that well.
Argumentative Essay Example 2
There are multiple drugs available to treat malaria, and many of them work well and save lives, but malaria eradication programs that focus too much on them and not enough on prevention haven’t seen long-term success in Sub-Saharan Africa. A major program to combat malaria was WHO’s Global Malaria Eradication Programme. Started in 1955, it had a goal of eliminating malaria in Africa within the next ten years. Based upon previously successful programs in Brazil and the United States, the program focused mainly on vector control. This included widely distributing chloroquine and spraying large amounts of DDT. More than one billion dollars was spent trying to abolish malaria. However, the program suffered from many problems and in 1969, WHO was forced to admit that the program had not succeeded in eradicating malaria. The number of people in Sub-Saharan Africa who contracted malaria as well as the number of malaria deaths had actually increased over 10% during the time the program was active.
One of the major reasons for the failure of the project was that it set uniform strategies and policies. By failing to consider variations between governments, geography, and infrastructure, the program was not nearly as successful as it could have been. Sub-Saharan Africa has neither the money nor the infrastructure to support such an elaborate program, and it couldn’t be run the way it was meant to. Most African countries don't have the resources to send all their people to doctors and get shots, nor can they afford to clear wetlands or other malaria prone areas. The continent’s spending per person for eradicating malaria was just a quarter of what Brazil spent. Sub-Saharan Africa simply can’t rely on a plan that requires more money, infrastructure, and expertise than they have to spare.
Additionally, the widespread use of chloroquine has created drug resistant parasites which are now plaguing Sub-Saharan Africa. Because chloroquine was used widely but inconsistently, mosquitoes developed resistance, and chloroquine is now nearly completely ineffective in Sub-Saharan Africa, with over 95% of mosquitoes resistant to it. As a result, newer, more expensive drugs need to be used to prevent and treat malaria, which further drives up the cost of malaria treatment for a region that can ill afford it.
Instead of developing plans to treat malaria after the infection has incurred, programs should focus on preventing infection from occurring in the first place. Not only is this plan cheaper and more effective, reducing the number of people who contract malaria also reduces loss of work/school days which can further bring down the productivity of the region.
One of the cheapest and most effective ways of preventing malaria is to implement insecticide-treated bed nets (ITNs). These nets provide a protective barrier around the person or people using them. While untreated bed nets are still helpful, those treated with insecticides are much more useful because they stop mosquitoes from biting people through the nets, and they help reduce mosquito populations in a community, thus helping people who don’t even own bed nets. Bed nets are also very effective because most mosquito bites occur while the person is sleeping, so bed nets would be able to drastically reduce the number of transmissions during the night. In fact, transmission of malaria can be reduced by as much as 90% in areas where the use of ITNs is widespread. Because money is so scarce in Sub-Saharan Africa, the low cost is a great benefit and a major reason why the program is so successful. Bed nets cost roughly 2 USD to make, last several years, and can protect two adults. Studies have shown that, for every 100-1000 more nets are being used, one less child dies of malaria. With an estimated 300 million people in Africa not being protected by mosquito nets, there’s the potential to save three million lives by spending just a few dollars per person.
Reducing the number of people who contract malaria would also reduce poverty levels in Africa significantly, thus improving other aspects of society like education levels and the economy. Vector control is more effective than treatment strategies because it means fewer people are getting sick. When fewer people get sick, the working population is stronger as a whole because people are not put out of work from malaria, nor are they caring for sick relatives. Malaria-afflicted families can typically only harvest 40% of the crops that healthy families can harvest. Additionally, a family with members who have malaria spends roughly a quarter of its income treatment, not including the loss of work they also must deal with due to the illness. It’s estimated that malaria costs Africa 12 billion USD in lost income every year. A strong working population creates a stronger economy, which Sub-Saharan Africa is in desperate need of.
This essay begins with an introduction, which ends with the thesis (that malaria eradication plans in Sub-Saharan Africa should focus on prevention rather than treatment). The first part of the essay lays out why the counter argument (treatment rather than prevention) is not as effective, and the second part of the essay focuses on why prevention of malaria is the better path to take.
- The thesis appears early, is stated clearly, and is supported throughout the rest of the essay. This makes the argument clear for readers to understand and follow throughout the essay.
- There’s lots of solid research in this essay, including specific programs that were conducted and how successful they were, as well as specific data mentioned throughout. This evidence helps strengthen the author’s argument.
- The author makes a case for using expanding bed net use over waiting until malaria occurs and beginning treatment, but not much of a plan is given for how the bed nets would be distributed or how to ensure they’re being used properly. By going more into detail of what she believes should be done, the author would be making a stronger argument.
- The introduction of the essay does a good job of laying out the seriousness of the problem, but the conclusion is short and abrupt. Expanding it into its own paragraph would give the author a final way to convince readers of her side of the argument.
Argumentative Essay Example 3
There are many ways payments could work. They could be in the form of a free-market approach, where athletes are able to earn whatever the market is willing to pay them, it could be a set amount of money per athlete, or student athletes could earn income from endorsements, autographs, and control of their likeness, similar to the way top Olympians earn money.
Proponents of the idea believe that, because college athletes are the ones who are training, participating in games, and bringing in audiences, they should receive some sort of compensation for their work. If there were no college athletes, the NCAA wouldn’t exist, college coaches wouldn’t receive there (sometimes very high) salaries, and brands like Nike couldn’t profit from college sports. In fact, the NCAA brings in roughly $1 billion in revenue a year, but college athletes don’t receive any of that money in the form of a paycheck. Additionally, people who believe college athletes should be paid state that paying college athletes will actually encourage them to remain in college longer and not turn pro as quickly, either by giving them a way to begin earning money in college or requiring them to sign a contract stating they’ll stay at the university for a certain number of years while making an agreed-upon salary.
Supporters of this idea point to Zion Williamson, the Duke basketball superstar, who, during his freshman year, sustained a serious knee injury. Many argued that, even if he enjoyed playing for Duke, it wasn’t worth risking another injury and ending his professional career before it even began for a program that wasn’t paying him. Williamson seems to have agreed with them and declared his eligibility for the NCAA draft later that year. If he was being paid, he may have stayed at Duke longer. In fact, roughly a third of student athletes surveyed stated that receiving a salary while in college would make them “strongly consider” remaining collegiate athletes longer before turning pro.
Paying athletes could also stop the recruitment scandals that have plagued the NCAA. In 2018, the NCAA stripped the University of Louisville's men's basketball team of its 2013 national championship title because it was discovered coaches were using sex workers to entice recruits to join the team. There have been dozens of other recruitment scandals where college athletes and recruits have been bribed with anything from having their grades changed, to getting free cars, to being straight out bribed. By paying college athletes and putting their salaries out in the open, the NCAA could end the illegal and underhanded ways some schools and coaches try to entice athletes to join.
People who argue against the idea of paying college athletes believe the practice could be disastrous for college sports. By paying athletes, they argue, they’d turn college sports into a bidding war, where only the richest schools could afford top athletes, and the majority of schools would be shut out from developing a talented team (though some argue this already happens because the best players often go to the most established college sports programs, who typically pay their coaches millions of dollars per year). It could also ruin the tight camaraderie of many college teams if players become jealous that certain teammates are making more money than they are.
They also argue that paying college athletes actually means only a small fraction would make significant money. Out of the 350 Division I athletic departments, fewer than a dozen earn any money. Nearly all the money the NCAA makes comes from men’s football and basketball, so paying college athletes would make a small group of men--who likely will be signed to pro teams and begin making millions immediately out of college--rich at the expense of other players.
Those against paying college athletes also believe that the athletes are receiving enough benefits already. The top athletes already receive scholarships that are worth tens of thousands per year, they receive free food/housing/textbooks, have access to top medical care if they are injured, receive top coaching, get travel perks and free gear, and can use their time in college as a way to capture the attention of professional recruiters. No other college students receive anywhere near as much from their schools.
People on this side also point out that, while the NCAA brings in a massive amount of money each year, it is still a non-profit organization. How? Because over 95% of those profits are redistributed to its members’ institutions in the form of scholarships, grants, conferences, support for Division II and Division III teams, and educational programs. Taking away a significant part of that revenue would hurt smaller programs that rely on that money to keep running.
While both sides have good points, it’s clear that the negatives of paying college athletes far outweigh the positives. College athletes spend a significant amount of time and energy playing for their school, but they are compensated for it by the scholarships and perks they receive. Adding a salary to that would result in a college athletic system where only a small handful of athletes (those likely to become millionaires in the professional leagues) are paid by a handful of schools who enter bidding wars to recruit them, while the majority of student athletics and college athletic programs suffer or even shut down for lack of money. Continuing to offer the current level of benefits to student athletes makes it possible for as many people to benefit from and enjoy college sports as possible.
This argumentative essay follows the Rogerian model. It discusses each side, first laying out multiple reasons people believe student athletes should be paid, then discussing reasons why the athletes shouldn’t be paid. It ends by stating that college athletes shouldn’t be paid by arguing that paying them would destroy college athletics programs and cause them to have many of the issues professional sports leagues have.
- Both sides of the argument are well developed, with multiple reasons why people agree with each side. It allows readers to get a full view of the argument and its nuances.
- Certain statements on both sides are directly rebuffed in order to show where the strengths and weaknesses of each side lie and give a more complete and sophisticated look at the argument.
- Using the Rogerian model can be tricky because oftentimes you don’t explicitly state your argument until the end of the paper. Here, the thesis doesn’t appear until the first sentence of the final paragraph. That doesn’t give readers a lot of time to be convinced that your argument is the right one, compared to a paper where the thesis is stated in the beginning and then supported throughout the paper. This paper could be strengthened if the final paragraph was expanded to more fully explain why the author supports the view, or if the paper had made it clearer that paying athletes was the weaker argument throughout.
3 Tips for Writing a Good Argumentative Essay
Now that you’ve seen examples of what good argumentative essay samples look like, follow these three tips when crafting your own essay.
#1: Make Your Thesis Crystal Clear
The thesis is the key to your argumentative essay; if it isn’t clear or readers can’t find it easily, your entire essay will be weak as a result. Always make sure that your thesis statement is easy to find. The typical spot for it is the final sentence of the introduction paragraph, but if it doesn’t fit in that spot for your essay, try to at least put it as the first or last sentence of a different paragraph so it stands out more.
Also make sure that your thesis makes clear what side of the argument you’re on. After you’ve written it, it’s a great idea to show your thesis to a couple different people--classmates are great for this. Just by reading your thesis they should be able to understand what point you’ll be trying to make with the rest of your essay.
#2: Show Why the Other Side Is Weak
When writing your essay, you may be tempted to ignore the other side of the argument and just focus on your side, but don’t do this. The best argumentative essays really tear apart the other side to show why readers shouldn’t believe it. Before you begin writing your essay, research what the other side believes, and what their strongest points are. Then, in your essay, be sure to mention each of these and use evidence to explain why they’re incorrect/weak arguments. That’ll make your essay much more effective than if you only focused on your side of the argument.
#3: Use Evidence to Support Your Side
Remember, an essay can’t be an argumentative essay if it doesn’t support its argument with evidence. For every point you make, make sure you have facts to back it up. Some examples are previous studies done on the topic, surveys of large groups of people, data points, etc. There should be lots of numbers in your argumentative essay that support your side of the argument. This will make your essay much stronger compared to only relying on your own opinions to support your argument.
Summary: Argumentative Essay Sample
Argumentative essays are persuasive essays that use facts and evidence to support their side of the argument. Most argumentative essays follow either the Toulmin model or the Rogerian model. By reading good argumentative essay examples, you can learn how to develop your essay and provide enough support to make readers agree with your opinion. When writing your essay, remember to always make your thesis clear, show where the other side is weak, and back up your opinion with data and evidence.
Do you need to write an argumentative essay as well? Check out our guide on the best argumentative essay topics for ideas!
You'll probably also need to write research papers for school. We've got you covered with 113 potential topics for research papers.
Your college admissions essay may end up being one of the most important essays you write. Follow our step-by-step guide on writing a personal statement to have an essay that'll impress colleges.
Need more help with this topic? Check out Tutorbase!
Our vetted tutor database includes a range of experienced educators who can help you polish an essay for English or explain how derivatives work for Calculus. You can use dozens of filters and search criteria to find the perfect person for your needs.
Christine graduated from Michigan State University with degrees in Environmental Biology and Geography and received her Master's from Duke University. In high school she scored in the 99th percentile on the SAT and was named a National Merit Finalist. She has taught English and biology in several countries.
Student and Parent Forum
Our new student and parent forum, at ExpertHub.PrepScholar.com , allow you to interact with your peers and the PrepScholar staff. See how other students and parents are navigating high school, college, and the college admissions process. Ask questions; get answers.
Ask a Question Below
Have any questions about this article or other topics? Ask below and we'll reply!
Improve With Our Famous Guides
- For All Students
The 5 Strategies You Must Be Using to Improve 160+ SAT Points
How to Get a Perfect 1600, by a Perfect Scorer
Series: How to Get 800 on Each SAT Section:
Score 800 on SAT Math
Score 800 on SAT Reading
Score 800 on SAT Writing
Series: How to Get to 600 on Each SAT Section:
Score 600 on SAT Math
Score 600 on SAT Reading
Score 600 on SAT Writing
Free Complete Official SAT Practice Tests
What SAT Target Score Should You Be Aiming For?
15 Strategies to Improve Your SAT Essay
The 5 Strategies You Must Be Using to Improve 4+ ACT Points
How to Get a Perfect 36 ACT, by a Perfect Scorer
Series: How to Get 36 on Each ACT Section:
36 on ACT English
36 on ACT Math
36 on ACT Reading
36 on ACT Science
Series: How to Get to 24 on Each ACT Section:
24 on ACT English
24 on ACT Math
24 on ACT Reading
24 on ACT Science
What ACT target score should you be aiming for?
ACT Vocabulary You Must Know
ACT Writing: 15 Tips to Raise Your Essay Score
How to Get Into Harvard and the Ivy League
How to Get a Perfect 4.0 GPA
How to Write an Amazing College Essay
What Exactly Are Colleges Looking For?
Is the ACT easier than the SAT? A Comprehensive Guide
Should you retake your SAT or ACT?
When should you take the SAT or ACT?
Get the latest articles and test prep tips!
Looking for Graduate School Test Prep?
Check out our top-rated graduate blogs here:
GRE Online Prep Blog
GMAT Online Prep Blog
TOEFL Online Prep Blog
Holly R. "I am absolutely overjoyed and cannot thank you enough for helping me!”
Have a language expert improve your writing
Run a free plagiarism check in 10 minutes, generate accurate citations for free.
- Knowledge Base
- How to Write a Thesis Statement | 4 Steps & Examples
How to Write a Thesis Statement | 4 Steps & Examples
Published on January 11, 2019 by Shona McCombes . Revised on September 14, 2022 by Eoghan Ryan.
A thesis statement is a sentence that sums up the central point of your paper or essay . It usually comes near the end of your introduction .
Your thesis will look a bit different depending on the type of essay you’re writing. But the thesis statement should always clearly state the main idea you want to get across. Everything else in your essay should relate back to this idea.
You can write your thesis statement by following four simple steps:
- Start with a question
- Write your initial answer
- Develop your answer
- Refine your thesis statement
Table of contents
What is a thesis statement, placement of the thesis statement, step 1: start with a question, step 2: write your initial answer, step 3: develop your answer, step 4: refine your thesis statement, types of thesis statements, frequently asked questions about thesis statements.
A thesis statement summarizes the central points of your essay. It is a signpost telling the reader what the essay will argue and why.
The best thesis statements are:
- Concise: A good thesis statement is short and sweet—don’t use more words than necessary. State your point clearly and directly in one or two sentences.
- Contentious: Your thesis shouldn’t be a simple statement of fact that everyone already knows. A good thesis statement is a claim that requires further evidence or analysis to back it up.
- Coherent: Everything mentioned in your thesis statement must be supported and explained in the rest of your paper.
The thesis statement generally appears at the end of your essay introduction or research paper introduction .
The spread of the internet has had a world-changing effect, not least on the world of education. The use of the internet in academic contexts and among young people more generally is hotly debated. For many who did not grow up with this technology, its effects seem alarming and potentially harmful. This concern, while understandable, is misguided. The negatives of internet use are outweighed by its many benefits for education: the internet facilitates easier access to information, exposure to different perspectives, and a flexible learning environment for both students and teachers.
Here's why students love Scribbr's proofreading services
Discover proofreading & editing
You should come up with an initial thesis, sometimes called a working thesis , early in the writing process . As soon as you’ve decided on your essay topic , you need to work out what you want to say about it—a clear thesis will give your essay direction and structure.
You might already have a question in your assignment, but if not, try to come up with your own. What would you like to find out or decide about your topic?
For example, you might ask:
After some initial research, you can formulate a tentative answer to this question. At this stage it can be simple, and it should guide the research process and writing process .
Now you need to consider why this is your answer and how you will convince your reader to agree with you. As you read more about your topic and begin writing, your answer should get more detailed.
In your essay about the internet and education, the thesis states your position and sketches out the key arguments you’ll use to support it.
The negatives of internet use are outweighed by its many benefits for education because it facilitates easier access to information.
In your essay about braille, the thesis statement summarizes the key historical development that you’ll explain.
The invention of braille in the 19th century transformed the lives of blind people, allowing them to participate more actively in public life.
A strong thesis statement should tell the reader:
- Why you hold this position
- What they’ll learn from your essay
- The key points of your argument or narrative
The final thesis statement doesn’t just state your position, but summarizes your overall argument or the entire topic you’re going to explain. To strengthen a weak thesis statement, it can help to consider the broader context of your topic.
These examples are more specific and show that you’ll explore your topic in depth.
Your thesis statement should match the goals of your essay, which vary depending on the type of essay you’re writing:
- In an argumentative essay , your thesis statement should take a strong position. Your aim in the essay is to convince your reader of this thesis based on evidence and logical reasoning.
- In an expository essay , you’ll aim to explain the facts of a topic or process. Your thesis statement doesn’t have to include a strong opinion in this case, but it should clearly state the central point you want to make, and mention the key elements you’ll explain.
A thesis statement is a sentence that sums up the central point of your paper or essay . Everything else you write should relate to this key idea.
The thesis statement is essential in any academic essay or research paper for two main reasons:
- It gives your writing direction and focus.
- It gives the reader a concise summary of your main point.
Without a clear thesis statement, an essay can end up rambling and unfocused, leaving your reader unsure of exactly what you want to say.
Follow these four steps to come up with a thesis statement :
- Ask a question about your topic .
- Write your initial answer.
- Develop your answer by including reasons.
- Refine your answer, adding more detail and nuance.
The thesis statement should be placed at the end of your essay introduction .
Cite this Scribbr article
If you want to cite this source, you can copy and paste the citation or click the “Cite this Scribbr article” button to automatically add the citation to our free Citation Generator.
McCombes, S. (2022, September 14). How to Write a Thesis Statement | 4 Steps & Examples. Scribbr. Retrieved March 7, 2023, from https://www.scribbr.com/academic-essay/thesis-statement/
Is this article helpful?
Other students also liked, how to write an essay introduction | 4 steps & examples, how to write topic sentences | 4 steps, examples & purpose, academic paragraph structure | step-by-step guide & examples, what is your plagiarism score.
How to Write an Argumentative Essay
Some students may struggle when it comes to creating an argumentative essay because it might seem too complex and multilayered. Don’t worry, we’re here to help you. Argumentative essays are usually assigned to students on SAT, ACT, IELTS, and TOEFL tests. This type of paper can also be assigned as coursework.
Learning this style of writing is the beginning of your journey to getting the grades that you deserve. Read this article if you want to learn how to write an argumentative essay. Ask ' write essay for me ' to get help from our essay writing service.
What Is an Argumentative Essay?
An argumentative essay is a style of academic writing where an author presents both sides of an argument or issue. The main purpose of an argumentative essay is to inform rather than convince – that’s why this type of paper should not be confused with a persuasive essay.
The following skills are evaluated when grading an argumentative essay:
- Research skills
- Writing skills
- Analytical skills
This type of paper is assigned to train a student’s ability to debate. It can therefore greatly influence the public speaking skills of a person later on in their life. When writing an argumentative essay, it is important to focus on facts and information rather than personal ideas or preferences. The author may present arguments equally, or support one in favour of others. Regardless, the thesis must include all of the primary points (and counterpoints) that will appear in the essay. It is almost like a political debate with oneself.
Elements of an Argumentative Essay
- Position : It's essential to determine which side of the argument you are taking. For example, you may be arguing that tobacco products or cannabis should be made illegal. Make a point to express why you took your initial position. For example, you may provide exact reasons to show how tobacco products may be damaging people’s health.
- Evidence : This is where you should provide factual substantiation for your reasons from outside resources. It is very important to give citations and references for where you gathered your evidence. If there is no proof, the evidence may not be taken into account. For example, you could cite health studies or scientific papers related to the effects of tobacco products on peoples’ health to prove your statement.
- Counterarguments : This is where you need to present the other side of the issue. Provide the opposing argument from your point of view. After stating these counterarguments, you should state why they are false, weak, or ineffective by presenting further evidence.
3 Ways to Approach Argumentative Writing
There are three main ways to approach an argumentative essay. These techniques will help you create a proper structure.
1. Classical Approach
This is the most common approach and consists of the following:
- An introduction where you introduce the central message of your paper (the thesis statement). Example: Tobacco products can induce various health problems, including cancers, heart attacks, and obesity.
- Background of the subject where you introduce early studies about children who have grown up in adoptive environments. Here you can also talk about the long-term effects of smoking.
- Main arguments — Talk about the main points of your position. For example, you could write about the feeling of addiction that makes it difficult to give up smoking.
- Refutation — Here is where your counterarguments come into place. Introduce the opposite side you will need to refute as being invalid. Example: Some people think that smoking does not affect health and that genetic predisposition is more impactful in causing problems for one’s health. However, there is major evidence which shows that smoking can cause bigger long-term damage to lungs than a genetic predisposition to cancer.
- Conclusion — Present all of the main arguments and provide solutions or studies that need to be conducted in the future.
2. Rogerian Approach
This approach works best if the topic of your argumentative essay is highly polemical or is a potential seed for different discussions. For instance, such issues as causes of global warming, gender identification problems, and philosophical problems work best if the Rogerian approach is applied. There is no specific structure that needs to be followed in the Rogerian approach. It’s more about how you present the information: be sympathetic to both sides of the argument. It’s important to concede that the opposing side may also be valid. So, the more wide-scoped view of a subject you take, the better. You don't have to solve the issue, it's more important to explore the compromise between the two sides to arrive at a solution to a pressing problem.
3. Toulmin Approach
This strategy can be quite useful in polemical arguments. It aims to find common ground within an argument and eliminate unnecessary arguments. For example, if your topic revolves around the question of whether drugs should be legal, then you would need to explore the biggest issues on both sides of the argument. Here you can talk about the pros and cons.
If You Need Help With The approaches listed above
Feel free to use our research paper help
Steps for Writing Your Argumentative Essay
Step 1: Look for Argumentative Essay Topics
Just like with all other essay types, here are a ton of topics to choose from. The main criteria should be the following:
- coherency and relativity to your studied subject;
- inherent values;
- potential for further research.
However, it is important to remember that it must be presented in a debate format. In other words, explain why option A is better than option B, or vice versa. Even in the Rogerian approach, you need to be able to pick a side, but do it very carefully.
Here are some good argumentative essay topics to get you started:
- Apple vs. Microsoft: Which software brand is more useful for students?
- Do violent video games have a negative psychological impact on children?
- From a financial perspective, should one invest in cryptocurrencies?
- From an economic standpoint, are electric cars better overall?
- Has society become too reliant on technology?
Good Argumentative Essay Topics for High School
As students begin writing this type of content in school, it is essential to give them easy essay topics for them to get a grasp of the task. Here are some examples:
- What is the most important second language to learn as a student in the US?
- Should the minimum driving age be lowered?
- Are standardized tests a fair reflection of a student’s skills?
- Are athletes overpaid?
- Should high school students be free to choose their classes?
Topics for College
As we transition to the university level, the complexity of the question asked should also grow. With that being said, here are some challenging topics for college students:
- Is there enough evidence to prove that news sources have biased agendas?
- Would the legalization of marijuana as a recreational drug be economically justifiable?
- Can we constitute Russia as a superpower alongside the USA and China?
- What was the most influential technological advancement in the history of humanity?
- Should we sacrifice some public services for lower taxes?
Need an Argumentative Essay Written?
Choose a topic, send us your requirements and get your original paper on time.
Step 2: Conducting Research
Conducting research includes several steps:
- Choosing the side you will represent.
- Picking an argument that can appeal to your audience.
- Researching who else supports this argument.
- Researching the objections your reader might raise.
- Organizing your evidence.
In addition, you should check criteria for the validity of your information:
- Credibility of sources
- Objectivity or bias
Step 3: Writing an Argumentative Essay Outline
Now that we understand what this type of writing is all about, we can start putting the pieces of the argumentative essay outline together. So, let’s take a look at how to start an argumentative essay.
Usually written in the five-paragraph structure, the argumentative essay format consists of an introduction, 2-3 body paragraphs, and a conclusion. Logically, each of those three sections will have a unique structure, so understanding them on an individual level will help ensure a smooth writing process. We will be using "the Internet" as the most significant technological advancement in society as an example.
- Hook Statement: As with most other types of assignments, an argumentative essay introduction should attempt to captivate readers’ interest from the very beginning. Сreate a sentence that stands out from the rest of the text. Consider using a rhetorical question, a meaningful quote, or an intriguing idea. The goal is to get your audience reaching for a bag of popcorn right after reading the hook.
Example: Could you imagine how different our world would be without the creation of the Internet?
- Background Information: After gathering the audience’s attention, the next step is to present any necessary context to narrow the focus of the discussion. This information should not yet reveal any of the main arguments from the body. Also, it should ideally transition the train of thought towards the thesis statement.
- Thesis Statement: The last sentence of the introduction should present the focal point/central argument of your entire paper. Remember – your primary objective is to defend your idea, so the thesis must directly state what your idea is and why it is correct.
Example: The invention of the Internet has helped interconnect the world like nothing else ever seen before, created millions of jobs and being used by the majority of the world’s population.
2. Body Paragraphs
- Topic Sentence: Start with a sentence that transitions the focus from the previous paragraph to the current one. It should also introduce the main sub-argument for its particular section.
Example: Alongside global connectivity, the Internet and IT has helped create over 10 million jobs worldwide.
- Claim: After presenting your topic sentence, it is time to link your main sub-argument to your thesis statement. The goal is to explain how this point validates and strengthens your central message.
Example: Thanks to the job creation provided by IT, a large percentage of students are finding an enjoyable career path that helps its field’s development and offers high wages.
- Evidence: After providing a valid claim, you must defend it with factual support. Examples of this can be statistics, references, or logical ideas that support your claims; if this information comes from credible external sources, it will add to the essay’s overall validity.
Example: Internet technology has given 0.15% of the world’s population a stable income. Also, since IT-related positions consistently make over 6 figures per year, this salary is enough to support a family of 4-5. Therefore, IT-related positions single-handedly back slightly less than 1% of the world’s income.
- Concluding Statement: After presenting a defendable claim and supporting it with evidence, end the body paragraph with a concluding statement. The primary goal of this sentence is to summarize the overall significance of the claim to the thesis. In other words, why was this particular point so essential?
Example: From digital marketing to software engineering, the development of IT has had a predominantly positive impact on society regarding utility, economics, and finding one's passion.
Note that this structure works for each body paragraph. The main difference is in the paragraph’s actual claim, supporting evidence, etc.
- Restate the Thesis : The first sentence of any conclusion should always be a restatement of your central message (thesis statement). Using assertive language, restate your thesis in an "I have 100% proven this point" kind of way. When information is presented to an audience with confidence, they become more inclined to position themselves with that side of the argument.
- Brief Summarization of Sub-Arguments : Most likely, the audience has already forgotten some of the information you presented. For this reason, go back through and review your main points, giving your argument closure.
Example: As can be seen with the information presented above, the creation and development of the Internet is indisputably the most significant technological advancement of all time.
- Overall Concluding Statement : To end your argumentative essay outline with a bang, present a memorable concluding statement. Usually, this sentence will express the universal importance of the information and should leave the reader with a prompt to further investigate the topic.
Example: Realistically speaking, our society would not have developed as exponentially fast without the invention of the internet; the unparalleled value of global connectivity within seconds is an unrivalled perk, and with thorough exploration, more development will inevitably be uncovered.
Step 4: Editing
When editing, make sure to do the following:
- Leave the first draft to lay for some time before picking it again.
- Double check grammar and punctuation while revising the draft.
- Double check the evidence you used in your arguments.
- If you have somebody to proofread your work, take advantage of it.
Here are questions to check by yourself before submitting your argumentative essay:
- Does your thesis include a statement that anybody could argue for or against?
- Are all your arguments clearly worded and coherent?
- Did you use the best examples to support your arguments?
- Have you managed to successfully present and refute any counterargument(s)?
- Does the conclusion give an interesting look into the future of this topic?
Read also an informative article about the movie review essay .
Argumentative Essay Examples
Below you can find some good essay examples from our argumentative essay writer . The first essay talks about the value that comes with the freedom of being able to strike for public workers.
Say goodbye to ‘stress at work’ and welcome the ‘freedom to express yourself'. Most public workers are denied their right of expression even after being exposed to bad working conditions and rights violations. These violations deny them the morale for performing well on their duties. Enabling workers to strike motivates them to work since it encourages them to speak out whenever they feel their rights, safety, and/or regulations have been compromised. Countries across the globe should always allow public workers to strike.
The second essay from our dissertation writing services discusses the importance of economic equality in a nation, alongside possible repercussions and potential threats if not met.
Wealth inequality is not just how much a particular nation possesses, rather it concerns how wealth is shared within a society. Every society has a variety of factors that make them different; inequality leads to a host of problems, as various aspects of a society are made uneven, including views, attitudes, and beliefs. Financial inequality is the level in which wealth is shared unevenly to members of a particular group or society. Wealth is not only encompassed by a certain individual's yearly pay, but of all of the assets or resources received by employment, investments, state benefits, rent, and/or royalties. Economic inequality can be experienced through pay, wealth, or income. Income is any pay received through investments, savings, employment, rent, etc., while pay inequality is the disparity between the pay received through employment only. When there is too much economic inequality, there are high levels of poverty and minimal opportunities for kids to overcome their parent’s efforts. It is important to note that levels of economic inequality are not the same in different societies.
When it comes to writing and constructing your final draft, make sure each tip listed below is considered.
- Find a topic and make sure it has counter arguments.
- Gather of research on both sides of the argument to avoid sounding biased.
- Make sure all of the facts included in your argumentative essay are accurate.
- Follow guides that illustrate how to write an argumentative essay step by step to improve the way your performance on these assignments.
- Structure the essay properly with: Introduction, Body, and Conclusion or you will lose marks.
- Before writing, list all information in an outline.
- Remember to cite the sources used and avoid plagiarism.
- Get other people to read your work to see if they’re persuaded by your writing.
- Don’t include your own opinion in work. Stick to key facts and evidence.
- Run your paper through a grammar checker — just in case.
Once these writing tips have been revised and applied, you are one step closer to mastering the art of argumentative essay writing. We also recommend reading the information on how to write an autobiography ..
Need Some One-On-One Guidance?
If you have already written your argumentative essay and want it to be checked, contact us and we’ll edit your work for you to get the better grade that you deserve. If you haven’t written it yet, we can do that for you as well — just request essay writing help below.
Get Access to ALL Templates & Editors for Just $2 a month.
- Google Docs
- Apple Pages
- Illustrator (AI)
- MS Publisher
- Vectors (EPS)
- Google Sheets
- Apple Numbers
- Power Point
- Coloring Pages
- Video Online
How to Make/Create an Argumentative Essay [Templates + Examples] 2023
Argumentative essays are among the most elaborate types of essays that tackle complex topics. They have the potential to change people’s opinions and expand the elements of what is fact and what is not fact.
Table of Content
Create an argumentative essay – step-by-step guide, argumentative essay templates & examples, social media argumentative essay template, 5-paragraph argumentative essay template, argumentative essay writing middle school template, argumentative essay writing template, argumentative essay graphic organizer template, step 1: check out the argumentative essay templates (option 1), step 2: search for argumentative essay templates (option 2), step 3: select an argumentative essay template, step 4: choose the file format you’re comfortable with, step 5: download the argumentative essay template, step 6: customize the essay cover page, step 7: write the objectives, topic, and strategy sections, step 8: write the introduction, step 9: draft the body of the essay, step 10: formulate your conclusion, step 11: save and print your argumentative essay.
What are the components of an argumentative essay?
What should i avoid in writing an argumentative essay, how many paragraphs must an argumentative essay have, more in documents.
Download Now: 200,000+ Templates... just at $24 a year
Beautifully Designed, Easily Editable Templates to Get your Work Done Faster & Smarter.
13 Strategies of Effective Persuasive Essay Writing
As an avid reader, we’re sure you have encountered countless essays that have attempted to persuade you on one topic or another. However, have you ever stopped to wonder what makes a persuasive essay truly effective?
In this blog post, we’ll share some writing techniques and tips that will help you create a persuasive essay that captivates your audience.
Choose Your Topic Carefully
Choosing the right topic is critical when it comes to persuasive essay writing. You should select a topic that is interesting to you and your readers. The topic should also be relevant and have a clear argument that you can defend. It’s essential to research your topic thoroughly and gather facts and arguments that support your position. Additionally, it’s important to ensure that your topic is not too broad or too narrow, as this can make it difficult to write it persuasively.
Craft a Clear and Compelling Thesis Statement
Your thesis statement is the most critical part of your persuasive essay. It should be clear, concise, and placed at the end of your introduction. Your thesis statement should communicate your position and provide a roadmap for your essay. A strong thesis statement will guide the rest of your writing and help you stay on track.
On that note, if you need serious help with essay writing, then we’ve got your back. Studyfy offers a custom essay writing service for tired and struggling college students. Need help with making a persuasive essay? You’re in the right place. Hire a professional writer on the website, and relax right now.
Now let’s move on to the next point. There are still plenty of techniques you can use to make your persuasive essay better.
Use Emotional Appeals
Using emotional appeals is a powerful technique to persuade your readers. By using vivid language and storytelling, you can create an emotional connection with your readers. This can help them empathize with your position and understand your perspective better. To use emotional appeals effectively, use examples and anecdotes that illustrate your point and appeal to your readers’ emotions.
Employ Persuasive Language
Using persuasive language is crucial in writing an effective persuasive essay. The words you use can make a big difference in how persuasive your essay is. Use strong, active verbs and avoid passive voice. Use powerful adjectives and adverbs to create vivid descriptions. Additionally, try to use rhetorical devices like:
- Rhetorical questions
These will enhance your paper.
Addressing counterarguments is a crucial part of writing a persuasive essay. It shows that you have considered multiple perspectives and have thoughtfully arrived at your conclusion. However, it’s important to refute these counterarguments with strong evidence and logical reasoning.
This will help you make a more compelling argument and show that you have considered all possible angles.
Have writing difficulties? We remind you that if you need help with writing complicated papers and homework, help is there. You’re not alone. There are tons of professional writers ready to help you so you can relax and focus on other things. If you’ve wondered, “Can someone help and do my homework for me online?” you’re in the right place. Try it out now and invest in a great long-term academic resource. Now, let’s move along.
Identify Your Audience
To persuade your readers, you should know who they are exactly. Know your audience. Simple and easy. Consider what values and beliefs your readers hold and use this information to tailor your argument to their interests. Use language and tone that will resonate with your audience, and consider their age, gender, education level, and cultural background.
To write a persuasive essay, you need to be knowledgeable about the topic you’re writing about. Using credible sources usually works. Use sources such as academic journals, books, and credible websites to gather knowledge and use them as references. Use multiple sources to build a strong argument, and make sure to cite your sources correctly.
An organized essay is easier to follow and more persuasive. Use headings and subheadings to divide your essay into clear sections. Use transitions between paragraphs to ensure that your essay flows smoothly, and use topic sentences to introduce each new idea.
Use Statistics and Data
Statistics and data can provide powerful evidence to support your argument. Use reputable sources to gather statistics and data that support your position. Use these facts and figures to show that your argument is supported by evidence.
Use Expert Quotes
Quotes from experts can lend credibility to your argument. Use quotes from people who are respected in their field, and make sure to provide context for the quote. Expert opinions can also be used to back up your position, especially when they come from people who are well-respected in their field.
Use Real-life Examples
Real-life examples and anecdotes can help your readers understand your argument in a more relatable way. Use personal stories, case studies, or news stories to illustrate your point. These stories should be relevant to your argument and should be used to support your position.
Anticipating objections to your argument can help you make a more persuasive case. Consider what objections someone might have to your position, and address these objections directly in your essay. Use evidence and logical reasoning to counter these objections and strengthen your argument.
Use a Strong Conclusion
A strong conclusion is critical to persuading your readers. Summarize your main points and restate your thesis statement in a way that leaves a lasting impression. End with a call to action, encouraging your readers to take action based on your argument.
Writing an effective persuasive essay requires careful consideration of your audience, thorough research, and strong organization. By using statistics, data, quotes, and examples, you can build a strong argument and persuade your readers to see things from your perspective.
Remember, writing a persuasive essay is not about winning an argument but about persuading others to see the value of your perspective. By following these tips and techniques, you can write a compelling, persuasive essay.
How to Put on Your Own Backyard Fireworks Show
How to Sign PDF Documents Electronically?
5 Alternatives To Bank Overdraft Fees
How to Get Over Writer’s Block to Write Essay: 6 Handy Tips From an Expert
5 Fail-Proof Ways to Cut the Dissertation Writing Time in Half
Is Work-Study-Life Balance Actually Possible for a Student?
Write a comment cancel reply.
Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.
How to Write a Persuasive Essay
The ancient art of rhetoric dates back to the Classical period of ancient Greece, when rhetoricians used this persuasive form of public speaking to address their fellow citizens in the Greek republics. As time went on, rhetoric remained at the center of education in the western world for nearly 2,000 years. In our modern world, rhetoric is still an integral part of human discourse, utilized by world leaders and students alike to argue their points of view.
Write persuasive essays with confidence. Grammarly can help. Get Grammarly
The definition of rhetoric is the “art of effective or persuasive speaking or writing,” where language is used to have a convincing or impressive effect on the audience being addressed.
At some point in every student’s academic career, instructors will deliver the assignment to write a persuasive essay that argues for or against a certain topic. Whether or not you’ve taken a course in rhetoric, students can apply the principles of rhetoric to write an effective persuasive essay that convinces the audience to accept a certain viewpoint.
To be as convincing as Aristotle on the stand, your persuasive essay must be based on sound logic and factual evidence that support the overall argument. As you begin to think about writing a persuasive essay, here are several tips that will help you argue your topic like a true rhetorician.
Choose a position you’re passionate about
The first step in writing a persuasive essay is choosing a topic and picking a side. If the topic is something you believe in, it will make the entire experience of researching, writing, and arguing your perspective more personal. Choosing a topic that appeals to you on an emotional or sentimental level will make its defense easier. Plus, chances are you’ll already know a good deal of information about the topic, so you won’t be left scrambling when it’s time to start your research.
Thoroughly research both sides
Every argument has a counterargument—this is one of the staples of rhetoric. To convince your reader to agree with you, you must be knowledgeable of the opposing side. As important as it is to thoroughly research your topic, identifying and studying both sides of the argument will help you develop the strongest supporting evidence possible. During the research process, gather as much information as you can about the topic at hand. Use your school’s resources like the library, academic journals, and reference materials. With a full understanding of your topic, you’ll be able to readily counter the opposition and assuage any follow-up questions that might cast doubt on your claims.
>>READ MORE: 7 Essay Writing Tips
Draft your thesis statement
One of the most important elements of your persuasive essay is your thesis statement , which should tell readers exactly what your stance encompasses. Without a forceful thesis, you won’t be able to deliver an effective argument. The construction of your thesis statement should include the “what” and the “how” of your argument—what is the argument you are trying to convince your readers to accept? And how will I convince my readers that the argument is sound? While the “how” may become clearer as your essay progresses, your thesis statement should set up the organizational pattern of your essay while presenting your position.
Create a working structure or outline
Outlining your paper will give you a clear view of your argument and the way it develops. Think critically about the strengths and weaknesses of your argument—where would it be most effective for you to introduce your strongest supporting evidence? For rhetoric’s sake, it’s probably not wise to save the best for last. Instead, use your outline to get organized from the outset, anchoring each point in evidence, analysis, and counterargument. List out all of your major claims and the research that supports each point. Creating a working structure will allow you to break down your argument in a logical and concise order, which will make the writing process more straightforward.
Write with integrity and empathy
The most successful rhetorical arguments draw on three main elements: ethos (ethical reasoning) , logos (logical reasoning) , and pathos (passionate reasoning). If amassed perfectly, these three components will make your argument so powerfully robust that nobody could disagree. However, this is easier said than done; even master rhetoricians struggle to find a balance of these three elements. Ethically, you’ll want to make sure you aren’t misleading or manipulating your argument. Logically, your points must be based in fact and progress in a way that makes sense. Passionately, you should emphasize your evidence and use strategic repetition to compel your audience. The key is to find a harmony or balance among these three elements, writing with integrity and empathy.
>>READ MORE: How to Write Better Essays
As Eben Pagan said, “You can’t convince anyone of anything. You can only give them the right information, so that they can convince themselves.” In the spirit of the ancient Greek rhetoricians, knowing how to write a persuasive essay is an essential function of human discourse—and a true art form when done correctly.
How To Write A Thesis Statement For An Argumentative Essay?
A thesis statement that clearly and concisely states your opinion on a certain topic is necessary while writing an argumentative essay. A thesis statement outlines your essay’s main contention or assertion and acts as a guide for the remainder of your work. Developing a compelling thesis statement might be difficult, but, with a clear grasp of what makes a strong thesis statement and a few helpful tips, you may create a thesis statement that clearly conveys your viewpoint. Let us know ‘How To Write A Thesis Statement For An Argumentative Essay?’.
Understanding the Purpose of a Thesis Statement
The major argument or stance that a writer will take in an essay is summarised in a succinct and straightforward phrase known as the thesis statement. It usually follows the introduction and directs the remainder of the essay. A thesis statement clearly communicates the author’s position on a certain topic to the reader, a thesis statement is essential in an argumentative essay. It establishes the essay’s tone and directs the writer’s argumentation. A strong thesis statement gives an argumentative writing focus and direction.
Because it presents the main argument or position that the writer will be defending throughout the essay, a thesis statement differs from other types of statements in an essay, such as topic sentences or supporting phrases. It offers a clear direction for the remainder of the essay and is more concentrated and detailed than other assertions. Other forms of statements, including topic sentences, bolster the writer’s argument by supporting the thesis statement with proof and analysis.
Choosing a Topic and Taking a Position?
An argumentative essay topic selection demands serious thought. The subject should be disputed and open to various interpretations. In addition, the author should pick a subject that they are knowledgeable about and are passionate about.
In an argumentative essay, it’s crucial to take into account a variety of viewpoints on the subject at hand. By foreseeing and responding to potential objections, the writer can create a stronger argument.
An argumentative essay must take a firm stance on the subject at hand. In order to back up their claims and persuade the reader to accept them, the writer should provide proof and logical reasoning. The writer should also make sure that their thesis statement is precise and targeted, rather than excessively wide or imprecise, in order to take a clear and compelling stance. This will make it clearer to the reader what the writer is arguing and what evidence they will cite to back it up.
Identifying Your Main Points
The complexity of your argument and the length of your essay will determine how many primary points you should include in your thesis statement. In general, it’s preferable to limit your thesis statement to two or three primary themes. By doing this, you’ll be able to elaborate on your points without giving the reader too much information. Make sure each key point is specific, pertinent to your subject, and supports your argument as a whole.
Crafting a Clear and Concise Thesis Statement
Making your argument overly generic, incorporating unrelated information, and not taking a firm stance on the subject are some typical errors in thesis statement writing. Avoiding these blunders can help to guarantee that your thesis statement is precise, succinct, and successful in directing the remainder of your essay.
Examples of Effective Thesis Statements
Analyzing compelling thesis statements in previously written essays is one method of learning how to create a thesis statement that will work. This might help you comprehend the qualities of a strong thesis statement and how to use powerful language and organisation in your own writing.
Finalizing Your Thesis Statement
The major argument or point of view of the author should be stated in a clear and succinct manner in the thesis statement of an argumentative essay. As a guide for the remainder of the essay, it should also include the key ideas that support the argument.
How To Write An Argumentative Essay
As an experienced academic writer, we understand the importance of developing a strong argumentative essay. It’s not just about expressing your opinion, but about presenting a well-researched and structured argument that persuades your audience. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll provide you with step-by-step instructions on how to develop an argumentative essay that will impress your readers and earn high search engine rankings.
Step 1: Choose a Topic
The first step in developing an argumentative essay is to choose a topic that’s both relevant and interesting to your audience. Your topic should be debatable, meaning that there are different opinions on the issue. This will provide you with the opportunity to present your argument and counterarguments.
When selecting your topic, you should also consider your target audience. Think about their interests, needs, and beliefs, and choose a topic that resonates with them. For example, if your target audience is interested in environmental issues, you might choose a topic related to climate change or sustainable living.
Step 2: Research the Topic
Once you’ve chosen a topic, the next step is to research it thoroughly. This includes gathering information from credible sources, such as academic journals, books, and reputable websites. Make sure to take notes on your findings, and organize them according to your argument.
It’s important to use reliable sources in your research. This will ensure that your argument is well-supported and credible. When evaluating sources, consider the author’s credentials, the publication date, and whether the source is peer-reviewed.
Step 3: Develop a Thesis Statement
The thesis statement is the main argument of your essay. It should be clear, concise, and debatable. Your thesis statement should also provide a roadmap for your essay, outlining the main points you’ll be discussing.
When developing your thesis statement, consider the following questions:
- What’s your main argument?
- What evidence will you use to support your argument?
- What counterarguments will you address?
Your thesis statement should be placed at the end of your introduction, and it should be specific enough to guide your reader through your argument.
Step 4: Create an Outline
An outline is a roadmap for your essay. It helps you organize your thoughts and ensures that your essay flows logically. Your outline should include an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion.
When creating your outline, consider the following elements:
- Introduction : Provide background information on your topic, and include your thesis statement.
- Body Paragraphs : Discuss your main points and evidence, and address counterarguments.
- Conclusion : Summarize your main points and restate your thesis statement.
Your outline should also include subheadings for each section, which will make it easier to write your essay.
Step 5: Write the Introduction
The introduction is the first paragraph of your essay. It should grab your reader’s attention and provide a brief overview of your topic. Your introduction should also include your thesis statement.
When writing your introduction, consider the following elements:
- Hook : Use a hook to grab your reader’s attention. This could be a quote, a statistic, or a personal anecdote.
- Background information: Provide context and background information on your topic.
- Thesis statement : Clearly state your main argument.
Your introduction should be clear, concise, and engaging, setting the tone for the rest of your essay.
Step 6: Write the Body Paragraphs
The body paragraphs are the meat of your essay . They should provide evidence to support your thesis statement and counterarguments. Each body paragraph should focus on one main point, and include evidence from your research to support it.
When writing your body paragraphs, consider the following elements:
- Topic sentence: Start each body paragraph with a topic sentence that clearly states the main point you’ll be discussing.
- Evidence : Use evidence from your research to support your main point. This could include statistics, quotes, or examples.
- Analysis : Analyze your evidence and explain how it supports your argument.
- Counterarguments: Address counterarguments and explain why they’re not valid or how your argument is stronger.
Make sure that each body paragraph flows logically from the previous one, and that your evidence is well-supported and relevant to your argument.
Step 7: Write the Conclusion
The conclusion is the last paragraph of your essay. It should summarize your main points and restate your thesis statement. Your conclusion should also provide a final thought on your topic, leaving a lasting impression on your reader.
When writing your conclusion, consider the following elements:
- Summary : Summarize your main points and evidence.
- Restate thesis: Restate your thesis statement in a new way.
- Final thought : Provide a final thought on your topic that leaves a lasting impression on your reader.
Your conclusion should be concise and impactful, leaving your reader with a clear understanding of your argument.
Step 8: Edit and Revise
Once you’ve written your essay, it’s important to edit and revise it for clarity, coherence, and accuracy. Make sure that your essay flows logically, and that each paragraph supports your argument. Check for spelling and grammatical errors, and make sure that your citations are correct.
When editing and revising your essay, consider the following elements:
- Clarity : Is your argument clear and easy to understand?
- Coherence : Does your essay flow logically from one paragraph to the next?
- Accuracy : Is your evidence accurate and well-supported?
- Grammar and spelling: Are there any spelling or grammatical errors?
- Citations : Are your citations correct and properly formatted?
It’s also a good idea to have someone else read your essay and provide feedback. This will give you an outside perspective and help you identify any areas that need improvement.
Step 9: Create a Compelling Title and Meta Description
Finally, to ensure that your essay ranks high in search engine results, it’s important to create a compelling title and meta description. Your title should be concise, keyword-rich, and accurately reflect the content of your essay. Your meta description should provide a brief summary of your essay, and include relevant keywords.
When creating your title and meta description, consider the following elements:
- Keywords : Use relevant keywords in your title and meta description to improve search engine rankings.
- Accuracy : Make sure that your title and meta description accurately reflect the content of your essay.
- Clarity : Keep your title and meta description clear and concise, so that readers know what to expect when they click on your link.
In conclusion, developing an argumentative essay requires careful planning, research, and organization. By following the steps outlined in this guide, you’ll be able to create a well-researched and structured argument that’s both engaging and persuasive. Remember to choose a relevant and debatable topic, research it thoroughly, develop a clear thesis statement, and organize your essay logically. With practice and persistence, you’ll be able to create argumentative essays that rank high in search engine results and impress your readers.
- Essay Guides
- Main Academic Essays
Argumentative Essay: Ultimate Writing Guide + Examples
Table of contents
Have you ever dreamt of crafting compelling points and convincing your audience in your argument essay? Then you need to brush up on your persuasive skills! With our in-depth guide, you will learn exactly how to write an argumentative essay and what critical components to include in your written assignment. On top of that, we will provide you with good argument essay examples to elevate your writing skills. So let’s dive deep into details!
What Is an Argumentative Essay
An argumentative essay is a style of academic writing which involves a writer researching a particular topic and forming a specific opinion. It then requires arguing for opinion by providing evidence. Unlike other fact-loaded types of writing, an argument paper tries to convince readers to accept only one side of any problem. Strong argumentative writing is characterized by a clear and concise opinion on any topic, supported by logical and well-structured arguments based on extensive research. It is crucial to choose one of argumentative essay topics you are really interested in.
Types of Argumentative Essay
Before you begin writing an argumentative essay, you need to decide on a particular type you will be writing. There are four different types of argumentative essays, they include:
- Persuasive This type of writing focuses purely on convincing the reader that the author’s opinions are correct. It doesn’t have to look at the other side.
- Research While research essays also take a side, they are much more balanced than persuasive essays . It presents academic sources which support both sides of your claim.
- Analysis Analysis paper is where an author selects an already published argumentative essay, deconstructs it, and analyzes various points presented. An author typically will argue against different views expressed.
- Personal This essay does not use external resources to make some point. Instead, it uses some feelings or personal experiences of the writer. For example, you could write an essay arguing why New York is the best city in the world and only refer to your life experiences in this city, ignoring data on crime, healthcare, education or affordability.
Approaches to Writing an Argument Essay
There are two main models that writers use to construct an argument essay, Toulmin and Rogerian. In Toulmin model , writers introduce their topic, form a thesis statement and then present arguments in favor of that thesis statement. While under Rogerian model, writers analyze a range of different points with differing conclusions. Next, they make a conclusion after determining which of them are the strongest. The Toulmin approach is most widely used in academic writing. It follows these steps:
- Start with your claim.
- Provide reasons for this claim.
- Produce evidence backing up your reasons.
- Explain your warrant, which is the underlying link between your claim and the reasons.
- Acknowledge opposing articles and limitations of your reasons.
While the Rogerian approach is not as frequently used in academic circles, it still is an effective way to produce an argument in an essay. The Rogerian model follows these steps:
- Present one side.
- Discuss pros and cons.
- Present an opposing side.
- Wrap up your essay by taking bits and pieces of both sides, compromising and forming your new conclusion to any problem.
In case you need college essay help of any sort, feel free to ask StudyCrumb reps for hands-on solutions. Rest assured, we've got plenty!
Argumentative Essay Outline
An argumentative essay structure generally stays the same and includes an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion. Let's consider an argumentative essay template in detail. Your introduction has to captivate the audience’s attention within the first few lines as well as convince them to continue reading. This paragraph, then, should finish with author’s views and arguments summed up in 1 or 2 sentences. Following your introduction are 3 body paragraphs . A good body paragraph expands on the summary of all reader’s opinions by delving deeper into a chosen topic, crafting key points and supporting them with clear evidence. In any standard 5-paragraph essay, each body paragraph should be focused on a unique element. Our final stage is writing a conclusion . A good conclusion restates your thesis statement and sums up all claims presented throughout body paragraphs. When writing their conclusion, students should consider any impact they are trying to have on a reader. Next, writers should create an interesting summary of their work that leaves a reader with a new perspective on that topic.
How to Start an Argumentative Essay
An argumentative essay always begins with an introduction. An argumentative essay introduction has three goals: provide a little background information about the topic, explain to your reader why they should care about this subject, and finish with the writer’s opinion, also known as a thesis statement. Let’s look at some examples of these three intro elements.
In the above example, at the beginning, our reader is given a brief background on this topic, namely the digital trends of learning and that libraries are potentially an outdated model. Then, our reader is presented with an interesting proposal that is sure to evoke a strong response. Some people are going to be thrilled about receiving a free tablet, while others will be horrified at the thought of closing public libraries. Finally, the writer presents their opinion on why public libraries should remain open.
How to Write a Good Body Paragraph for an Argumentative Essay
A good body paragraph introduces strong arguments that are logical and backed up by evidence. An argumentative essay body is a vital part of your essay as it plays major role in convincing the reader that your position is correct. It is like in a position paper , if you can’t make strong arguments, your point will be quickly dismissed. Here is an example of a good body paragraph.
In this body paragraph, the writer claims that libraries have numerous benefits that tablets can’t offer and then provides reasons by listing different advantages. Then, evidence of these benefits being positive is presented through results of their survey. Finally, this argument is summarized.
How to Conclude an Argumentative Essay
The last step is to write an argumentative essay conclusion. A conclusion should reiterate and expand on your thesis statement while summarizing all of your key arguments. A conclusion should tie everything together and leave a reader feeling like they understand your point and recognize your claims. Here is an example of a strong conclusion.
In this conclusion, the topic of closing libraries and replacing them with tablets is concisely summarised. Then the two key arguments are restated, and finally, the thesis statement is reiterated.
Argumentative Essay Examples
In the above sections, you can see essay samples which depict strong introductions, bodies and conclusions. In this section, we are going to look at an in-depth argumentative essay example:
- Title Is the NCAA Practicing Modern Day Slavery? – The best titles are catchy; they should invoke emotion or cause controversy.
- Topic Sentence Topic sentence of a paragraph should be simple, concise but still give readers enough detail to understand the scope of your topic.
- Convincing Statement Your main statement logical and compelling enough to get a reader to consider the presented perspective.
These samples should help you elevate your writing to the next level and produce fantastic argumentative essays which can completely change any way your audience thinks about a particular topic.
Hopefully, this guide was of great help. Make sure you follow our writing tips and you will surely compose a great argument paper. Buy argumentative essay written from scratch if you are too busy tonight to write any articles.
But if you have any doubts or hesitations with essay writing, then, turning to a genuine academic professional will be a smart option. Luckily, we are backed by true experts in the field. Let us know your instructions and we will deliver a great paper before your deadline is up.
1. What is the difference between an expository essay and an argumentative essay?
While expository and argumentative essays both require you to argue for a particular thesis statement and have the same objective, an argumentative essay involves far more research and is often significantly longer. In an argumentative essay, the writer is expected to become an expert on a particular topic and use a range of academic literature and empirical evidence to support their points.
2. What are the parts of an argument?
An argument has five parts including:
- Claim - At the beginning of an argument essay, you state an opinion, eg. I think healthcare should be free.
- Reason - State why you believe your claim, e.g. because government has billions in tax revenue.
- Evidence - Support for your reasoning, e.g. providing figures from the tax department on revenue.
- Warrant - Links your claim and reason behind your claim. It can be explicit or implied, e.g. Healthcare is expensive, but the billions in tax revenue is enough to afford it.
- Acknowledgement or Response - Replying to criticisms - e.g. While some universal healthcare critics say the government needs this money for other projects, many other countries are able to fund their healthcare solely through tax revenue.
3. What is the difference between an informative essay and a persuasive essay?
The goals of an informative and persuasive essay are different. An informative essay is seeking to present information about a specific topic in an impartial way to improve understanding of your reader. While like any good argumentative paper, a persuasive essay is focused on convincing your reader to accept the writer’s opinion and features compelling claims.
4. What are good topics for an argumentative essay?
The best ideas for an argumentative essay are based on topics that have a great deal of public interest, are unresolved, controversial and have evidence both for and against. Topics related to race, religion or politics are always going to captivate readers and evoke strong emotional responses. For example, a paper arguing why African Americans should receive reparations has the potential to go viral or even create a stir.
Daniel Howard is an Essay Writing guru. He helps students create essays that will strike a chord with the readers.
You may also like
How to Write a Good Argumentative Essay: Easy Step-by-Step Guide
Feb 3, 2022
Feb 3, 2022 | Blog
The argumentative essay is a type of essay frequently assigned as a capstone or final project at the end of freshman year and at the advanced level. It involves extensive research and academic writing.
Argumentative essays require you to investigate argumentative essay topics, collect and evaluate evidence, and come to some sort of decision regarding the topic.
Argumentative essays are similar to expository essays in that it presents information about a particular great argumentative essay topic. However, the argumentative essay relies more heavily on research and is usually longer than an expository essay.
The expository essay is a type of academic writing where students are required to do a bit of research and analysis on a particular topic and then write about their findings.
What Is An Argumentative Essay ?
An argumentative essay is a common type of essay that presents arguments about both sides of an issue. It could be that both sides are presented equally balanced, or it could be that one side is presented more forcefully than the other. It all depends on the writer, and what side he supports the most.
A good argumentative essay is all about stating your position towards the issue, providing strong arguments in favor of your opinion, and confronting different views on the matter.
How To Outline an Argumentative Essay in 4 Steps
An argumentative essay is a type of writing that you can use in many different areas. It follows the same structure as any other paper but has an additional paragraph stating arguments against it and then rebuttals to those statements.
Three types of argument models are used to outline an argumentative essay. There are three common models for structuring your main points: Classical, Toulmin, and Rogerian.
The most commonly used structure in argumentative essays is as follows:
- Counter Argument
Let’s take one section at a time to understand how perfect argumentative essays is organized.
Argumentative Essa y Introduction
Essay introductions act as a roadmap for the entire essay. The introduction paragraph introduces the main argument and provides a brief background of your chosen essay topic. For an argumentative essay, this is where you lay the foundation for your arguments to come in later on.
The first paragraph of an argument essay is one paragraph that should introduce the reader to your topic and your point of view.
In a well-organized introduction, you should include three essential components:
- Hook statement
- Background information on the topic
- Thesis statement
Let’s see all of them one by one in detail:
1) Hook Statement
A hook statement is the beginning of an essay that grabs and holds your reader’s attention. It compels them to read on, so make it count.
Begin your introduction with a hook . The first statement should grab the attention of the reader. For an argumentative ess ay , a hook can be a controversial statement, a less-known fact, a piece of statistical data, or an intriguing question.
2) Background Information
The opening of an essay should have a concise and informative introduction that outlines the main argument. The reader will be able to more easily follow your reasoning when you provide background information about your topic, so they know what it is you’re talking about.
Explain the importance of the topic. What is the importance of talking about that topic?
Explain why you are talking about the subject and let the reader know your point of view .
.3) Thesis Statement
Present your thesis statement . Clearly, state the argument or claim you will support in the body of the essay.
The thesis statement of your essay should explain the main point and purpose of writing your essay. Your entire essay revolves around the thesis; the body paragraphs present information and evidence to defend your thesis.
Good thesis statements of argumentative essays should be clear and have a definite point of view. A successful one will highlight why the reader should read your article or give them insight into what it is about. It must also provide reasons for its position that are understandable to most people who would read this paper to make sure others find their arguments persuasive.
Related: How To Write An Argumentative Abortion Essay (With Examples)
Argumentative Ess ay Body Paragraphs
In the body paragraph, you provide evidence that strengthens your argument. You make clear to readers why they should accept your claim by pointing out all of the reasons.
A claim is the central argument of an essay, and it poses as one of the most important parts of academic papers. In fact, the paper’s effectiveness, complexity, and overall quality depend on the claims you make. The primary purpose of claim in argumentative writing is to define the paper’s goals, direction, scope, and support of the argument.
The goal is to prove how strong your argument is by providing supporting arguments with credible sources for a stronger presentation based on facts.
Several paragraphs provide arguments to support your main argument.
Each supporting argument should be in its paragraph.
You could start with the arguments supporting your claim, then finish with sections refuting the opposing views.
Or, you could start with a paragraph that refutes the main opposing view, then continue to support your claim in the paragraphs that follow.
A well-written body paragraph should state four things:
- Topic sentence
- Concluding statement
Here is the detail of every part:
The purpose: Why are you making an argument about a particular issue?
Topic sentence: The topic sentence of a paragraph should focus on just one point only. This sentence is an example of why focusing on one idea in a paragraph would be better. It helps the reader understand your argument and enables them to follow along easily.
Provide evidence: The most important aspect of research for the paper is to make sure that you have collected authentic evidence from credible sources by doing detailed research. This means using facts with examples and statistics to support your thesis statement and support what you said in my topic sentence.
Concluding sentence: The conclusion should show how clearly and succinctly the author conveys their message to readers to understand a topic or claim better.
Argumentative Es say Counter Arguments Paragraph
The counter-argument is the opposing side of your argument in the argumentative essay. You will prove wrong by outlining and elaborating specific reasons. In this paragraph, you should mention the opposing arguments that someone might make against your arguments and refute them one by one. Conclude with a strong statement to reinforce what has been said so far in the argumentative essay.
State the opponents’ views and use the evidence, reliable sources to debunk or refute them. Just like with the previous section, you also have to elaborate on why it’s wrong and support it with evidence for every opposing argument. This way, your reader is more convinced that the claims you made are, indeed, correct.
Argumentative E ssay Conclusion
The conclusion is a paragraph that sums up your major points and your argument.
To end a good argumentative essay, the author needs to summarize what they said throughout their entire piece and provide an actionable call to action. This is just as important as the introductory paragraph because it reminds readers of your arguments in this paper.
In this section, remind your readers of the importance of the topic, restate your thesis , and relate it to your supporting arguments.
Readers mostly remember the ending of any piece. Therefore, you must create a strong conclusion that will stick in the readers’ minds for a long.
Inform the readers that after a careful analysis of both sides of the argument, you have come to no other conclusion than that side A is more accurate. From all the facts analyzed in your discussion thus far, it’s clear that there are many benefits and few disadvantages to this issue. The author makes a compelling point defending their position and backs it up by explaining its importance without making unfounded claims.
You can create a memorable conclusion by ending it with a rhetorical question, a statement that inspires the reader to conduct further detailed research or a call to action.
Similarly, when writing your argumentative essay conclusion, you can either propose a solution to the problem or make predictions about what will happen if your argument is believed. You should also outline how things could turn out if it isn’t taken seriously and explain why people might be resistant to believing in your claim at first glance.
Ultimately, readers will have their own opinion of whether they believe this idea is true or not. So give them some incentive for thinking that way.
3 Main Types of Arguments Models and How to Use Them
There are three classical structure models of arguments:
1 Classical structure- popular in philosophy, divides an argument into its logical parts, starting with premises and ending with a conclusion. The defining features of a “cause and effect” essay are causal chains that connect from a cause to an effect, careful language, and chronological or emphatic order. A writer using this rhetorical method must consider the subject, determine the purpose, consider the audience, think critically about different causes or consequences, consider a thesis statement, arrange the parts, consider the language, and decide on a conclusion.
2 Toulmin’s structure -is a little more flexible than the classical model, but still organized around the basic logic of an argument. The Toulmin method (or system) is useful for analyzing an argument. You’ll need to consider strong arguments for the other side in order to shoot them down. Note that you don’t necessarily have to do this as part of your essay-it could just be part of your thinking-but keep track of it all the same. Toulmin’s structure looks like this:
Claim . The claim is what the writer wants you to believe; it might be described as the thesis statement of an argument.
Grounds . The grounds are what support or prove the claim.
Warrant. The warrant is what connects the grounds to the claim. It explains why we should accept that the grounds prove the claim.
Backing. Backing supports or strengthens the warrant by providing additional support or justification for it (it is not always necessary).
Rebuttal or reservation. This is a place where a writer anticipates and addresses positions that oppose his or her own, thus strengthening his or her position by showing why these positions are inadequate or irrelevant.
3 Rogerian – Rather than being aimed at a comprehensive win, it is designed at the creation of a basis for negotiation and compromise on a topic of disagreement. It is based on the assumption that there is common ground to be found between parties of even apparently opposed standpoints. The Rogerian model analyzes two sides of an argument and reaches a conclusion after weighing the strengths and weaknesses of each.
This argument strategy attempts to persuade by finding the main points of compromise and agreement. It is an appropriate technique to use in highly polarized debates, but you must be sincere about your willingness to compromise and change your main points of view for the reader to take you seriously.
List of Argumentative Essay Ideas
- Are girls too “mean” in their friendship?
- Is buying a lottery ticket a good idea?
- Is fashion really important?
- Can the death penalty be effective?
- Can smoking be prevented by making tobacco illegal?
- Is competition really good?
- Is religion the cause of war?
Frequently Asked Questions
How do you write an argumentative essay.
- Develop a thesis statement. This will outline your premises and the conclusion you will draw.
- Link the main points in your argument.
- Include evidence.
- Consider counterarguments.
- Create a strong conclusion.
What are the 5 parts of an argumentative essay?
- A Well-Structured Thesis. Write an introductory paragraph that introduces your argument and explains why readers should be interested in your topic.
- Supporting Body Paragraphs.
- Your Persuasive Conclusion.
- Transitional Phrases.
What is argumentative essay and examples?
An argumentative essay expresses an extended argument for a particular thesis statement. The author takes a clearly defined stance on their subject and builds up an evidence-based case for it. Argumentative essays are by far the most common types of essays to write at university.
What is an argumentative in a essay?
An argumentative essay is a piece of essay writing that uses factual evidence and logical support to convince the reader of a certain way of thinking. Argumentative essays are only as good as their argument, and structuring good arguments requires a little more than just being stubborn (even if it helps!).
I’m a brand manager. That means I take knowledge from various fields – marketing, computer science, linguistics – and I synthesize it into solutions for my customers. I use my knowledge, skills, and experience to develop helpful solutions for students and make their study paths more productive and fun.
People also read
- How To Write An Autobiography Essay: Step-by-Step Guide
- How to write an essay
- How to Write a Nursing Essay: 8 Step-by-Step Guide
- How to Write a Process Essay: Step-by-step Guide
- 16 Easy Argumentative Essay Examples for Students
Most Popular Articles
Racism thesis statement example, how to rephrase a thesis statement, capstone project topic suggestions, how to write an abortion essay, should students wear school uniforms essay, list causal essay topics write, respect essay, signal words, great synonyms, informative speech examples, essay writing guide, introduction paragraph for an essay, argumentative essay writing, essay outline templates, write an autobiographical essay, personal narrative essay ideas, descriptive essay writing, how to write a reflective-essay, how to write a lab report abstract, how to write a grant proposal, point of view in an essay, debate topics for youth at church, theatre research paper topics, privacy overview.
How to Write an Argumentative Essay: Step By Step Guide
10 May, 2020
9 minutes read
Author: Tomas White
Being able to present your argument and carry your point in a debate or a discussion is a vital skill. No wonder educational establishments make writing compositions of such type a priority for all students. If you are not really good at delivering a persuasive message to the audience, this guide is for you. It will teach you how to write an argumentative essay successfully step by step. So, read on and pick up the essential knowledge.
What is an Argumentative Essay?
An argumentative essay is a paper that gets the reader to recognize the author’s side of the argument as valid. The purpose of this specific essay is to pose a question and answer it with compelling evidence. At its core, this essay type works to champion a specific viewpoint. The key, however, is that the topic of the argumentative essay has multiple sides, which can be explained, weighed, and judged by relevant sources.
Check out our ultimate argumentative essay topics list!
This essay often explores common questions associated with any type of argument including:
Argumentative VS Persuasive Essay
It’s important not to confuse argumentative essay with a persuasive essay – while they both seem to follow the same goal, their methods are slightly different. While the persuasive essay is here to convince the reader (to pick your side), the argumentative essay is here to present information that supports the claim.
In simple words, it explains why the author picked this side of the argument, and persuasive essay does its best to persuade the reader to agree with your point of view.
Now that we got this straight, let’s get right to our topic – how to write an argumentative essay. As you can easily recognize, it all starts with a proper argument. First, let’s define the types of argument available and strategies that you can follow.
Types of Argument
When delving into the types of argument, the vocabulary suddenly becomes quite “lawyerish”; and that makes sense since lawyers stake their whole livelihood on their ability to win arguments. So step into your lawyer shoes, and learn about the five kinds of arguments that you could explore in an argumentative paper:
Claims of cause and effect
This paper focuses on answering what caused the issue(s), and what the resulting effects have been.
Claims of definition
This paper explores a controversial interpretation of a particular definition; the paper delves into what the world really means and how it could be interpreted in different ways.
Claims of Fact
This argumentative paper examines whether a particular fact is accurate; it often looks at several sources reporting a fact and examines their veracity.
Claims of Policy
This is a favorite argumentative essay in government and sociology classes; this paper explores a particular policy, who it affects, and what (if anything) should be done about it.
Claims of Value
This essay identifies a particular value or belief and then examines how and why it is important to a particular cohort or a larger, general population.
The aim of argument, or of discussion, should not be victory, but progress. Joseph Joubert
When mulling over how to approach your argumentative assignment, you should be aware that three main argument strategies exist regarding how exactly to argue an issue: classical, Rogerian, Toulmin.
This argument structure dates back to the ancient Greeks and Romans. In this strategy, the arguer introduces the issue, provides context, clearly states their claim, provides key arguments backed by lots of evidence, and nullifies opposing arguments with valid data.
Hate conflict? This may be the argumentative paper strategy for you. At its core, this strategy works to identify compromise aspects for both sides; this approach works to find commonality and an ultimate agreement between two sides rather than proclaiming a winner or loser. The focus in this argument is compromise and respect of all sides.
Remember Spock? This is his type of strategy; the Toulmin approach focuses solely on logic to persuade the audience. It is heavy on data and often relies on qualities to narrow the focus of a claim and strengthen the writer’s stance. This approach also tends to rely on exceptions, which clearly set limits on the parameters of an argument, thus making a particular stance easier to agree with.
With that in mind, we can now organize our argument into the essay structure.
Have no time to write your essay? You can buy argumentative essay tasks at Handmade Writing. Our service is available 24/7.
Argumentative essay Example
Organizing the argumentative essay outline.
An argumentative essay follows the typical essay format: introduction, body paragraphs, and conclusion. However, the body paragraphs are structured a bit differently from other body paragraphs. Surely, not something you can see in a cause and effect essay outline .
While the introduction should still begin with an attention-grabbing sentence that catches the reader’s interest and compels him or her to continue reading and provides key background information, the following paragraphs focus on specific aspects of the argument.
Let’s begin with the introduction.
Related Post: How to write an Essay Introduction ?
As its name suggests, this paragraph provides all the background information necessary for a reader unfamiliar with the argumentative essay topic to understand what it’s about. A solid introduction should:
- Begin with a descriptive title that communicates your position regarding the topic
- Rhetorical question
- Personal anecdote
- Provide necessary background, including definitions of any relevant words
- End with a thesis statement that communicates your position
Stuck with your essay task? No more struggle! HandMadeWriting is the top essay writing service. Our online essay writer service not only guides you on writing papers, it can write a high-quality essay for you.
Body paragraphs can range in size from six to fifteen or more sentences. The goal of these paragraphs is to support the thesis statement. Recommended areas of focus for the body paragraphs within an argumentative paper include:
- Identifying and explaining the problem
- Identifying the two (or more) sides to the problem
- Exploring the side the writer believes is more appropriate than the others
- Shooting down the other sides, with evidence
- Recommending a course of action for the reader
One important way how this essay differs from other kinds is its specific nature. At the end of reading such an essay, the audience should clearly understand the issue or controversy and have enough information to make an informed decision regarding the issue. But what compels an audience make an informed decision? Several things!
- Authoritative sources (experts in their field)
- Real-world examples
- Attributable anecdotes
In this paragraph, often the shortest of all the paragraphs, the writer reviews his or her most compelling reasons for taking a particular stance on an issue. The persuasion should be strong here, and the writer should use combative language including examples such as:
- “then” statements
- There can be no doubt
- Without immediate action
- Research strongly supports
It is also appropriate to refute potential opposition in the conclusion. By stating the objections readers could have, and show why they should be dismissed; the conclusion resonates more strongly with the reader.
Check our guide if you have any other questions on academic paper writing!
Argumentative Essay Sample
Be sure to check the sample essay, completed by our writers. Use it as an example to write your own argumentative essay. Link: Argumentative essay on white rappers’ moral rights to perform .
Remember : the key to winning any argument should be reliable sources — the better, the more trustworthy your sources, the more likely the audience will consider a viewpoint different from their own.
And while you may feel a deep passion towards a particular topic, keep in mind that emotions can be messy; this essay should present all sides to the argument respectfully and with a clear intention to portray each of them fairly.
Let the data, statistics, and facts speak loudly and clearly for themselves. And don’t forget to use opinionated language — using such diction is a must in any strong argumentative writing!
Best Essay Writing Services 2023
Student life can often be quite challenging because students have to deal with challenging college essay writing assignments. To facilitate the learning process, many services help you complete written work and get high scores. Now we will tell you about the best services that you can turn to and get high-quality papers. Essay Writing Service […]
A life lesson in Romeo and Juliet taught by death
Due to human nature, we draw conclusions only when life gives us a lesson since the experience of others is not so effective and powerful. Therefore, when analyzing and sorting out common problems we face, we may trace a parallel with well-known book characters or real historical figures. Moreover, we often compare our situations with […]
Nursing Research Paper Topics
Selecting an academic paper topic is a crucial step in the writing process. The variety of nursing research topics makes it challenging to find the appropriate paper theme. But if you choose a sound nursing research paper subject, it will contribute to a flawless thesis statement, using relevant resources, a smooth writing process, and impressive […]
You are using an outdated browser. Please upgrade your browser to improve your experience.
How to Write an Argumentative Essay: The Only Guide You Need
An argumentative essay is the most popular type of academic writing in school and college. But the more you write, the more questions remain on how to write an argumentative essay because of tons of details to consider.
Our professional writers craft dozens of argumentative essays daily. So we asked them to answer all your FAQs and share expert tips to help you polish argumentative essay writing skills once and for all.
And here it goes:
Your ultimate guide on writing argumentative essays, with topics to choose, claims to consider, structure to cover, and examples to check for getting a better idea of how to write an argumentative essay.
Table of Contents:
- Types of claims in an essay
- Types of arguments in an essay
- Argumentative essay topics
- Argumentative essay format
- Argumentative essay outline
- How to start an argumentative essay
- Writing an argumentative essay
- How to write a conclusion for an argumentative essay
- Argumentative essay examples
- Frequently asked questions
What Is an Argumentative Essay?
The goal is to convince a reader that your position is correct. For that, you:
- State a clear, persuasive thesis in your essay introduction.
- Explain this thesis in the essay’s body, using evidence and addressing counterarguments when appropriate.
- Conclude by tieing all the main points together, showing why your argument matters, and leaving readers with a strong impression and food for thought.
Writing an argumentative essay is a typical assignment in schools and colleges. The goal is to teach you critical thinking, information research and evaluation, and meaningful thought expression. Every essay type in college is more or less argumentative.
Types of Claims in an Essay
Once you know what you want to argue, it will be easier to understand what argument types to choose and how to represent them. So, before you start writing an argumentative essay, you need to decide on a claim you’ll use as a thesis statement.
What is a claim in an essay?
A claim is your opinion stated as if it’s a fact. But for it to become a fact, you need to back up this claim with logic and evidence.
There’s a difference between a claim and a fact-based statement that’s obvious and not requiring any arguments to prove it. When choosing a claim for your argumentative essay, make sure it’s not a mere statement.
How to write a claim in essays?
Think of it as a thesis statement where you present the main idea of your essay in the form of an argument. You can format it like a fact, a definition, value, cause-effect, or a policy.
- Fact: State something that’s true or false.
- Definition: Write a dictionary definition of what you want to argue and present your interpretation of it.
- Value: Specify the importance of your claim.
- Cause and effect: Explain what causes your claim and what impact it brings.
- Policy: State why readers should care and what they need to do about your claim after reading the essay.
Whatever claim type you choose, your goal will be to argue for it in your argumentative essay effectively.
Types of Arguments in an Essay
Argumentation matters in this essay type most: You should be unbiased and rely on evidence and logic, not emotions, assumptions, or exaggeration.
Once you’ve decided on a claim and stated a thesis for your argumentative essay, think of the arguments type you’ll use to prove it. Choosing them beforehand will help outline your essay accordingly.
Two main types of argumentation exist to represent in your essay: Toulmin and Rogerian. Both consist of four steps, and the first one is a common approach in academic writing. That’s what they look like:
- Toulmin arguments: Make a claim -> Provide the evidence -> Explain how it supports your claim -> Provide a rebuttal (opposing opinion) to show you’ve considered alternatives
- Rogerian arguments: Discuss the opposing opinion and what it gets right -> Highlight the problem with this position -> Present your claim -> Suggest a compromise (what elements of your position could be beneficial for opponents)
Some experts specify one more type of argumentation in an essay:
- Classical (Aristotelian) arguments: Present an existed idea -> Make your claim on it -> Provide the evidence to convince that your opinion is the right one.
This one is the most popular approach to making arguments in essays because it’s simple yet effective. Here you don’t bombard the reader with tons of information but outline facts clearly and concisely.
You are welcome to choose any of these three types of arguments for your essay. But whatever approach you take, your paper should have a clear structure: outlining and formatting it, you’ll need to write an introduction, a body, and understand how to conclude an essay .
More on that below.
Getting Prepared for Writing an Argumentative Essay
OK, we believe that now you’re ready to write your argumentative essay. But before you start writing an introduction, let’s find out a few more critical elements to consider for your paper to become A-worthy:
- How to choose good topics for your argumentative essay
- What format to consider when writing argumentative essays
- How to craft a stellar outline for your argumentative essay
Here we go!
Argumentative Essay Topics
Suppose a teacher hasn’t assigned any particular topic for your argumentative essay. In that case, it means they want to check your critical thinking skills and give you a chance to choose writing about something that interests you.
Plus, the way you discuss arguments and prove your point of view allows a teacher to see your research, writing and analyzing skills.
Choosing good argumentative essay topics is often challenging for students because they aren’t sure if what they decide is… well, argumentative enough to discuss in essays.
Good argumentative essay topics are those debatable (with at least two conflicting points of view), compelling , and with solid evidence . Also, it would help if your chosen topic was something of your interest:
Writing about something you know and what bothers you, it will be easier for you to shape arguments, decide on points, and find evidence for it.
Here go some tips that will help you choose topics for argumentative essays:
- Write about something on what you have and can express your opinion.
- Make sure you have enough arguments and evidence to support this topic in your writing.
- Avoid issues that are too difficult to debate or those too emotionally charged. It can be challenging to discuss them with a clear mind.
- Don’t be afraid to take controversial topics that your peers would avoid.
- Think of the audience who could read your essay : Would it be interesting for them to discuss your topic; what might they think of it? (It will help you decide on arguments to use to persuade them to agree with your position.)
Argumentative Essay Format
Keep in mind that the number of arguments and counterarguments you use in essays isn’t hard-set. Feel free to change it if necessary:
- two arguments vs. one counterargument;
- three arguments vs. two counterarguments;
- one argument vs. one counterargument
— all are OK to consider unless your assignment states otherwise.
But given the structure of a standard 5-paragraph essay , let’s leave our argumentative essay format at that:
- Introduction + thesis
- 1-st paragraph (here you’ll use an argument to support the thesis)
- 2-nd paragraph (here goes another argument to support the thesis)
- 3-rd paragraph (counterargument)
Based on this format, you can craft an outline for your argumentative essay.
Argumentative Essay Outline
Now that you’ve decided on your argumentative essay’s topic and format, it’s high time to write an outline.
It’s a kind of plan for your essay:
With a detailed essay outline at hand, you won’t miss anything from its structure. Also, it will be easier to write an essay: You can start with any paragraph, “building” your paper step by step.
Here’s an argumentative essay outline template you can use:
How to Write an Argumentative Essay: Step by Step
Finally, it’s time to start writing an argumentative essay. Below is your detailed guide on how to write an argumentative essay step by step:
How to Start an Argumentative Essay
Like any other type of academic paper, an argumentative essay begins with an introduction.
The essay introduction serves to hook a reader, provide background information on your issue, and present your thesis statement . In more extended essays, you can also use the introduction to summarize the structure of your paper.
Here’s an example of how a typical argumentative essay introduction looks like (taken from Scribbr):
And here go your practical tips on how to start an argumentative essay:
First, consider the main issue and why people should care. You can use the BAM technique for that:
- B — background: how you’ll engage your reader. You can use a fact, quotation, or rhetorical question here, and it will serve as an essay hook .
- A — argument, aka a brief explanation of your opinion. It’s a thesis statement of your argumentative essay.
- M — main points: here, you explain what you’ll do in your essay. These main points will be the basis of your three topic sentences in your essay body paragraphs.
Here’s the example:
Second, generate your thesis statement . You have three methods for doing that:
- Turn it into a question — and answer it.
- State an argument that contrasts with your belief — and refute it.
- Introduce your point — and briefly outline it.
Writing an Argumentative Essay
After the introduction, an essay body comes. That’s where you’ll develop your arguments, with each paragraph covering its own point and evidence to it.
NB! Each paragraph of your argumentative essay must contribute to your thesis, so please don’t include any irrelevant information. Remember that your goal is to convince (persuade) the reader to agree with your claim.
In the standard 5-paragraph essay, your paper body will take three paragraphs: two — for arguments to support your claim, and one — for a counterargument. If you are going to write a more extended essay, the number of paragraphs can vary.
Points to remember when writing an argumentative essay:
- One paragraph = one argument (idea)
- Each paragraph shows the progression from a general statement (your topic sentence) to a more specific topic.
- Forget about your creativity for a moment. Make sure you follow the structure of argumentative essay paragraphs precisely.
- Use linkers to connect sentences for better coherence: “This shows,” “however,” “for example,” “it’s because,” “more than that,” and others.
- Don’t start sentences with words like “and,” “because,” “so,” and “but.” Use them as linkers within a sentence.
- Try to keep each paragraph 4-5 sentences long. The PEEL structure can help with that:
Point: your topic sentence summarizing the main idea of the paragraph.
Elaboration: the additional information you give to support the topic sentence; here, you explain why it’s relevant to your essay question.
Example: your evidence to support the topic sentence. (Use a fact, a personal experience, or a description.)
Link: your link back to the topic sentence; it shows how your point answers the question. (You can use transition words or phrases here.)
How to Write a Conclusion for an Argumentative Essay
While some essay writing guides say it’s OK to copy out the question or thesis statement in your conclusion, it’s a wrong strategy. That’s how to write a conclusion for an argumentative essay to get an A:
- Start it with a linking phrase (“In conclusion,” “To sum up,” etc.)
- Admit that the counterargument is partly true.
- Restate your opinion and say why it’s essential.
- Recommend a future action to the reader or ask a hypothetical question. Some good ideas for the final sentence of your argumentative essay are a call to action or a rhetorical question.
Please don’t conclude your essay with only one line, and don’t copy out your introduction. Rephrase your thesis statement by using synonyms or changing word order. Your conclusion needs to be as long as your essay paragraphs were.
The example of rephrasing a thesis statement for your conclusion:
And here goes the argumentative essay conclusion example (please check the above introduction from Scribbr as a reference):
OK, and one more thing:
Types of references to choose for evidence in your argumentative essays:
- Use accurate facts.
- Don’t ignore statistics and examples that illustrate your points.
- Try definitions, explanations (how and why), and examples.
- Consider narratives : stories that illustrate your issues can help create a picture in readers’ minds.
- It’s worth using expert testimonials and interviews.
- Support your points with personal experiences if you have any.
- Surveys can also come in handy.
- Sources like books, magazines, newspapers, journal articles, government documents, and any library resources are OK to use when writing an argumentative essay, too.
- And remember about internet documents that don’t fall into any of the above types of references.
Argumentative Essay Examples
We know that students look for argumentative essay examples online to understand this assignment better and visually learn how to write an argumentative essay.
Indeed, it’s better to see once than read or hear twice.
The below argumentative essay examples will help you understand the nature of this paper type better:
- Argumentative Paper Sample , by Writing Center
- Essay on school-family partnerships , by Bid4Papers
- Exploring the Argumentative Essay Structure with an Example , by The University of Queensland
Frequently Asked Questions
And the last but not least, here go the answers to the most frequent questions students ask when communicating with our writers about argumentative essay. We hope they’ll help you understand this essay type better and improve your writing skills for getting even higher grades on it!
What is the goal of an argumentative essay?
The goal of an argumentative essay is to persuade the reader that your claim (thesis statement) is accurate. For that, you need to use facts, data, statistics, examples, testimonials, and any other kinds of references.
What is a claim in an argumentative essay?
A claim in an essay is your thesis statement , where you represent the opinion you ‘re going to argue . Using an essay maker can help you to come up with a strong argument and evidence for readers to believe you . It needs to be something that requires argument ation and evidence for readers to believe you .
How to write a thesis for an argumentative essay?
- Choose a topic.
- Turn it into a question and pick a side you’re going to defend in your essay.
- Summarize it in 1-2 sentences, stating an argument and explaining why you agree/disagree, and represent it in the introductory paragraph of your argumentative essay.
Can I use “you” in an argumentative essay?
Yes, you can. Actually, it’s a preferable format to use in argumentative essays because they belong to formal academic writing. Sometimes it’s OK to use first-person pronouns (I, we, us) in essays, too, but make sure it’s appropriate and doesn’t sound self-centered or selfish. Otherwise, it will look like you’re unaware or don’t care about alternative opinions on the topic.
What are the features of an argumentative essay?
The main features of an argumentative essay are: (1) A researchable and debatable topic and claim, (2) Strong evidence to support the claim, (3) A definite structure to present arguments and counterarguments, (4) Persuasive writing style and tone of voice, and (5) A compelling conclusion.
What is the difference between a persuasive essay and an argumentative essay?
The core difference is that persuasive essays try to convince readers by using personal opinions and emotions. In contrast, argumentative essays need to use logic, facts, statistics, and other existing evidence for it. Plus, argumentative essays acknowledge opposing views and appeal to readers’ minds. At the same time, persuasive essays appeal to emotions and may not admit any counterarguments.
Can I get help with writing an argumentative essay?
Sure, you can. It’s OK to have difficulty with choosing topics or claims for your argumentative essay, as well as arguments to represent for their evidence. Teachers understand that and are open to communication, so don’t hesitate to email them with questions. Your peers with good writing skills can also assist you with how to write an argumentative essay. Or, you can ask Bid4Papers writers anytime when you feel pressed for assignments and are afraid of failing the structure or missing deadlines.
Our Writing Guides
3 thoughts on “ how to write an argumentative essay: the only guide you need ”.
Regards! Great information!
You actually said this very well. What about writing a good compare and contrast essay?
Actually, I was going to write a new blog post on this topic soon. 🙂 So, stay tuned!
Leave a Reply Cancel reply
Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *
Notify me of follow-up comments by email.
Notify me of new posts by email.
- Arts & Music
- English Language Arts
- World Language
- Social Studies - History
- Holidays / Seasonal
- Independent Work Packet
- Easel by TPT
- Google Apps
Interactive resources you can assign in your digital classroom from TPT.
Unlock access to 4 million resources — at no cost to you — with a school-funded subscription., how to write an argumentative essay.
- Our digital curriculum provides a comprehensive and user-friendly approach to teaching argumentative essays. With our curriculum, you can easily guide your students through the entire writing process, from brainstorming to drafting to revising and polishing their work.
- Our curriculum offers a more cost-effective solution compared with traditional textbooks or other online resources. By purchasing our digital curriculum, you can save money while still providing your students with a high-quality education.
- Our curriculum has been developed by experienced educators with years of experience teaching argumentative essays. As a result, you can be confident that you're providing your students with a high-quality education that will prepare them for success in their academic and professional careers.
Questions & Answers
The economical educator.
TPT empowers educators to teach at their best.
- We're Hiring
- Help & FAQ
- Terms of Service
- Trademark & Copyright
Keep in Touch!
Are you getting the free resources, updates, and special offers we send out every week in our teacher newsletter?
- ACADEMIC ADVICE
How to Write an Argumentative Essay
- November 27, 2022
Table of Contents
What is an argumentative essay, introduction, thesis statement, body paragraphs, outline and research, wrapping up.
We’ve all dreaded writing an intimidating essay at some point or other. Argumentative essays are extra intimidating as you’ll have to do justice to the topic and make a strong argument in its favor.
Read on if you want to master writing clear and concise argumentative essays and have common questions answered, such as:
- How to write an argumentative essay
- What are the types of arguments
- How to write a thesis statement for an argumentative essay and others
An argumentative essay is designed to convince the reader why your stance is correct by expanding on the topic and offering fact-based evidence against counter-claims. It requires thorough research of the topic, a clear thesis statement, and follow sound reasoning.
An exceptionally written argumentative essay will:
- Engage the reader with a compelling and exciting topic.
- Give a fair explanation of all points of view.
- Address the potential counter-claims.
- Make the reader ponder and convince them to adopt and consider a new perspective.
Structure of an Argumentative Essay
When writing an argumentative essay, you’ll want to present your stance in the best way possible, which is where a structure is essential. A strong structure consists of:
- A clear and defined thesis statement
- Organic transitions between paragraphs
- Evidential support (factual, logical, or statistical)
Because argumentative essays usually follow a five-paragraph structure, your structure should be as follows:
- First paragraph: introduction and thesis statement.
- Second to the fourth paragraph: body paragraphs , each one detailing your claims.
- Fifth paragraph: conclusion.
However, depending on the complexity of the topic, argumentative essays can be longer than five paragraphs. So, keep in mind to follow the assignment specifications when outlining your essay.
You’ll want to grab the reader’s attention and retain it until the last sentence, which is why the introduction paragraph should be entertaining while still following academic writing rules. For example, you can open up an interesting statistic not well-known in the field.
Your introduction paragraph should serve to outline the topic and the evidence you will present, provide background information, and your statement thesis.
The thesis statement should be the last sentence of the introduction paragraph, and while it’s only a sentence long, it’s the most important part of your essay. A well-constructed thesis will summarize what your argumentative essay is about and what the reader can expect. You can write a thesis statement by following these three steps:
- Turning the topic into a question and then answering it: ask a big question in the title or the first few sentences and then answer it in your thesis statement.
- Stating an argument and then refuting it: introduce an idea you don’t align with and then explain why you disagree with it.
- Briefly outlining your points: introduce your main point and explain how you’ll back it with evidence.
In the body paragraphs, you should include evidential support to your statement thesis. When writing them, keep the following in mind:
- Explain how the evidence supports the thesis statement,
- Present differing points of view on the topic and why these points don’t support the thesis,
- Connect logically to the thesis statement,
- Try to limit a paragraph to one point.
Lastly, in the conclusion paragraph, you restate the thesis statement, but in the light of the evidence you provided. You can use the conclusion to showcase why the topic is important and what future research should focus on. Note that you should refrain from introducing new information in this section.
Types of Arguments
An argumentative essay can use one of the three arguments to approach a topic. Following an approach or combining them can help you structure your essay more easily and be more evident in your claims.
The classical or Aristotelian argument is a classic for a reason, as it is the most common strategy for making a straightforward argument. It relies on five parts:
- Introduction: it introduces the topic and how you’re going to prove your stance.
- Thesis: it explains your point of view.
- Refutation: it includes counter-arguments and refutes them.
- Confirmation: it presents your evidence.
- Conclusion: it summarizes your argument powerfully with evidential support.
The Toulmin argument approach is better used for complex topics or when refuting an opposing point of view. This method is founded on logic and deep analysis, and it relies on six areas:
- Claim: stating the argument clearly.
- Reasons: presenting the evidence.
- Warrant: connecting the argument with evidence.
- Backing: providing additional evidence.
- Qualifier: explaining the limits of the argument.
- Rebuttal: finding opposing views and refuting them.
The Rogerian argument is best used in essays where you have to show the validity of both sides of an argument. When using this approach, you should take a wider-scope view of the topic. While it is more structure-free than the other approaches, you can still follow a structure by:
✅ Request information on BAU's programs TODAY!
- introducing the argument,
- explaining and validating the opposite point of view,
- explaining your point of view and why you hold that stance,
- finding the middle ground between the opposing points of view, and
- concluding the argument and recognizing where there’s still work to be done.
Steps in the Writing Process
Although the writing process is unique to each person, following some steps can help you be more productive.
If your argument or point of view isn’t provided as an assignment, you can try brainstorming to come up with the perfect topic for your project. When looking for topics or arguments, you should:
- be coherent and relevant to the course,
- pick an important topic, and
- pick a topic with potential for further research.
Outlining and researching are crucial, as they set the foundation for an excellent argumentative essay.
When outlining, you should decide whether to follow the five-paragraph outline or the longer essay outline, depending on the complexity of your topic.
On the other hand, when researching, you’ll have to follow a few steps:
- Picking a point of view and argument,
- researching who else supports your argument,
- exploring the potential counter-arguments, and
- organizing your evidence.
You should also keep in mind to check the validity of your evidence.
After outlining your essay and gathering all the material you need, you can start writing. It’s important to write a rough draft with all your ideas and opinions. You should also remember that in this step, it is more important to write and fill in the gaps than to have a perfect version immediately.
Following the rough draft is the revision part, in which you polish it and transform it into the perfect version. When revising, you should ensure your language is clear, optimize word choice, and strengthen any weak argument. This step will help you retain your essay’s credibility and intellectual integrity.
Naturally, when writing, we can all make grammatical and technical mistakes, which is why you should always proofread your essay before submitting it. While you can proofread it yourself, you can also use online resources such as Grammarly to ease the proofreading process. A handy trick is to proofread your essay after taking a break, as it will help you find tiny mistakes you might otherwise have overlooked.
Writing can be a challenging process, especially when you have to prove your point clearly and concisely. However, by sticking to a bulletproof structure and utilizing our tips for writing a stellar argumentative essay, we’re sure you can take on any topic without any difficulty.
Bay Atlantic University
Leave a reply.
Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *
Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.
You May Also Like
- 6 minute read
Mental Health Tips for College Students
- September 29, 2022
- 4 minute read
First-Generation College Student Meaning Explained!
- December 2, 2021
From Initiating To Closing: What Does a Project Manager Do?
- February 10, 2022
- 7 minute read
Top 6 Gift Ideas for Teachers
- June 1, 2022
- 5 minute read
Can International Students Work In the USA? Opportunities & How To Find Them
- July 16, 2020
Non-Profit vs. For-Profit Colleges: Main Differences
- January 31, 2023
How To Get a CPA License: Step-by-Step Guide
- February 28, 2023
How Much Do Writers Make?
How to get into human resources without a degree or experience.
- DATA SCIENCE
Statistics for Data Science: Key Concepts
- February 27, 2023
Request information on BAU's programs TODAY!
How to Write an Argumentative Essay
Understanding how to write an argumentative essay is essential if you’re going to be successful in your school assignment. There are many different methods that you can use to get started, and the more you learn, the better you’ll become at it. You can begin by taking a look at some examples of argumentative essays. Then, use the information you have to create your own.
What Is an Argumentative Essay
An argumentative essay is a form of persuasive writing. It relies on logic and evidence to defend a claim or position. To be an effective piece of writing, it must follow a standard outline.
Students usually write argumentative essays, although some teachers may allow for various topics. Students should choose topics relevant to their field of study, which can be argued on both sides. This will reduce the amount of work needed to complete the assignment.
Writing an argumentative essay requires research and careful outlining. While most of the information you gather can be used, you should not include personal opinions in your essay. You should also check the validity of the information you gather. False evidence and poor grammar can tarnish the credibility of your claims.
Argumentative essays should use specific linguistic techniques and a clear structure. For example, you can begin your essay with an introduction paragraph that explains the topic, outlines the evidence to present, and includes a thesis statement.
Ways to Approach Argumentative Writing
The first step in writing an argumentative essay is to choose a topic. You can research various topics, including current events, or choose a topic that interests you. It is important to find a topic that is relevant to your field of study.
If you are interested in a particular topic, consider how it has been covered in the media or how a popular book or movie deals with it. For example, if you are a football fan, you might want to write about concussions. This way, you can make your case for preventing concussions while offering some facts about the problem.
Another good idea is to use a controversial topic. This can attract the reader’s attention and make them think about the topic differently.
To write an argumentative paper, you must research the topic, gather evidence, and present a strong argument. Although there are many different ways to approach this type of writing, it is best to use the classic method.
Steps for Writing Your Argumentative Essay
If you want to write a persuasive essay, you will need some tips and tricks. One of the first steps you should take is to read up on the topic you’re writing about. This will help you determine whether it is worth discussing in your paper.
Another trick is to come up with a solid thesis statement. Your thesis statement should be a concise description of your main point. It can also serve as a blueprint for your paper.
A good introduction paragraph should include an eye-catching hook. In the body of your essay, you’ll want to support your arguments using evidence. You can use statistics, facts, and even your own experience.
For example, you can start an argumentative essay with a story about a health problem you had and how it changed your life for the better. Next, you can discuss a solution to the problem, such as adopting a healthy diet.
Argumentative Essay Examples
An argumentative essay is a type of research paper that takes a position on a controversial issue. The main goal is to persuade the reader to agree with the writer’s point of view. There are different formats for writing an argumentative essay. Some of the most popular is the Rogerian and Toulmin models.
Both of these models start with an introduction. These introductions should provide background information on the subject. They should also include a thesis statement. This is often the final sentence of the introduction.
A good essay uses facts and evidence to support its points. It should also address counterarguments. By addressing counterarguments, you show that you understand the topic and have knowledge of the other side’s viewpoint.
In addition to using facts and evidence, an effective essay should avoid exaggeration or emotional arguments. It should be unbiased.
An argumentative essay should be written on a topic that you are passionate about. If you find the topic difficult, ask your teacher for help. Ask peers for advice as well.
- Why I Would Be An Asset To The Medical School And The Medical Profession Personal Statement Examples
- Example Of Business Plan On Game Zone
- Example Of Essay On Short Stories
- Free Project Interim Report Example
- Developmental Theories Essay
- Family Background Biography Example
- Should Parents be Friends with Their Children Thesis
- Study Abroad Essay Sample
- Feminism Research Paper Samples
- Free Case Study About The Management Theories Applicable In This Case Are:
- Free Report On Spaghetti Bridge Project
- Research Paper On French Revolution
- What Makes You A Perfect Candidate For Fit Why Are You Interested In The Major Essay
- Essay On Historical Figures
- Example Of Argumentative Essay On People Dependence On Technology
- Example Of Essay On Does Age Matter In A Relationship
- Example Of Hamlet Literature Review
- Example Of Report On Conflict Resolution
- Free Essay About Social Class Discrimination
- Free Literature Review On What Is The Relevance Of The Title Things Fall Apart To What Takes Place In The
- Sample Essay On SWOT Analysis
- Essay On Equal Opportunity Employment
- Ethical Dilemmas: A Self Reflection Essay Sample
- Good Essay On Design Thinking
- Good Example Of Rationale For The Study Research Paper
- Example Of Critical Thinking On Blow Out Your Candles In The Glass Menagerie
- Good Should Mothers Stay At Home Essay Example
- Research Design And Methods Essay Samples
- Should Cell Phones Be Banned In The Classroom Argumentative Essay Examples
- The Influence Of Mass Media On The Society Argumentative Essay Examples
- The Metamorphosis By Franz Kafka Argumentative Essay
- What Is Theory Essay Example
- Argumentative Essay On Corruption In The Marcos Presidency
An argumentative essay should be objective in its approach; your arguments should rely on logic and evidence, not on exaggeration or appeals to emotion. There are many possible approaches to argumentative essays, but there are two common models that can help you start outlining your arguments: The Toulmin model and the Rogerian model.
The argumentative essay is a genre of writing that requires the student to investigate a topic; collect, generate, and evaluate evidence; and establish a position on the topic in a concise manner. Please note: Some confusion may occur between the argumentative essay and the expository essay.
Writing How to Write a Good Argumentative Essay: Easy Step-by-Step Guide Written by MasterClass Last updated: Sep 9, 2021 • 5 min read When you're writing a persuasive essay, you need more than just an opinion to make your voice heard.
An argumentative essay is a piece of writing that uses logical evidence and empirical data to convince readers of a particular position on a topic. Because of its reliance on structure and planning, the first step in writing one is often drafting a solid argumentative essay outline.
Though every essay is founded on these two ideas, there are several different types of essays, differentiated by the style of the writing, how the writer presents the thesis, and the types of evidence used to support the thesis statement. Essays can be roughly divided into four different types: #1: Argumentative. #2: Persuasive. #3: Expository.
A good argumentative essay will use facts and evidence to support the argument, rather than just the author's thoughts and opinions. For example, say you wanted to write an argumentative essay stating that Charleston, SC is a great destination for families.
Step 1: Start with a question. You should come up with an initial thesis, sometimes called a working thesis, early in the writing process. As soon as you've decided on your essay topic, you need to work out what you want to say about it—a clear thesis will give your essay direction and structure.
Steps for Writing Your Argumentative Essay Step 1: Look for Argumentative Essay Topics Just like with all other essay types, here are a ton of topics to choose from. The main criteria should be the following: coherency and relativity to your studied subject; importance; inherent values; potential for further research.
There are three key elements of a good argumentative essay: a strong argument, thesis and comprehensive research. Strong argument To write a compelling essay that persuades your reader, start with a strong argument. Start with a topic that you feel strongly about and construct an argument with reasons and proof.
The argumentative essay is a genre of writing that requires the student to investigate a topic; collect, generate, and evaluate evidence; and establish a position on the topic in a concise manner.Please note: Some confusion may occur between the argumentative essay and the expository essay. These two genres are similar, but the argumentative ...
Step 2: Search for Argumentative Essay Templates (Option 2) You can also try finding argumentative essay templates using the search box. In the search box, just type "argumentative essay" or "argumentative essay templates.". There's also a possibility that other types of essay templates will show up such as research paper essays and ...
3 Drafting: Write a rough draft of your essay. It helps to include any data and direct quotes as early as possible, especially with argumentative essays that often cite outside sources. 4 Revising: Polish your rough draft, optimize word choice, and restructure your arguments if necessary.
Employ Persuasive Language. Using persuasive language is crucial in writing an effective persuasive essay. The words you use can make a big difference in how persuasive your essay is. Use strong, active verbs and avoid passive voice. Use powerful adjectives and adverbs to create vivid descriptions. Additionally, try to use rhetorical devices ...
The first step in writing a persuasive essay is choosing a topic and picking a side. If the topic is something you believe in, it will make the entire experience of researching, writing, and arguing your perspective more personal. Choosing a topic that appeals to you on an emotional or sentimental level will make its defense easier.
This gives you the perfect set up for writing an argumentative essay. Brought me many A's. argumentative essay what are you supposed to do? state your support. Skip to document. Ask an Expert.
Refine your thesis statement: Revise your thesis statement as you write your essay to ensure that it accurately reflects your argument. FAQ's. What is a thesis statement in an argumentative essay? A thesis statement in an argumentative essay is a clear and concise statement that presents the main argument or point of view of the essay.
As an experienced academic writer, we understand the importance of developing a strong argumentative essay. It's not just about expressing your opinion, but about presenting a well-researched and structured argument that persuades your audience. In this comprehensive guide, we'll provide you with step-by-step instructions on how to develop ...
Claim - At the beginning of an argument essay, you state an opinion, eg. I think healthcare should be free. Reason - State why you believe your claim, e.g. because government has billions in tax revenue. Evidence - Support for your reasoning, e.g. providing figures from the tax department on revenue.
Here are the five types of argumentative claims to consider: 1. Facts A fact claim states whether something is true or false. A writer may choose this type of claim for presenting data. 2. Definition This claim relies on the textbook definition of your argument and how you interpret that definition and plan to support your interpretation.
The thesis statement of your essay should explain the main point and purpose of writing your essay. Your entire essay revolves around the thesis; the body paragraphs present information and evidence to defend your thesis. Good thesis statements of argumentative essays should be clear and have a definite point of view.
An argumentative essay is a paper that gets the reader to recognize the author's side of the argument as valid. The purpose of this specific essay is to pose a question and answer it with compelling evidence. At its core, this essay type works to champion a specific viewpoint. The key, however, is that the topic of the argumentative essay has ...
That's how to write a conclusion for an argumentative essay to get an A: Start it with a linking phrase ("In conclusion," "To sum up," etc.) Admit that the counterargument is partly true. Restate your opinion and say why it's essential. Recommend a future action to the reader or ask a hypothetical question.
Write arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence. CCSS W.7.1a. Introduce claim (s), acknowledge alternate or opposing claims, and organize the reasons and evidence logically. CCSS W.7.1b. Support claim (s) with logical reasoning and relevant evidence, using accurate, credible sources and demonstrating an understanding ...
There are 6 types of argumentative essay hooks you can use to grab the attention of your audience: Quotation or citation hooks. Factual hooks. Personal experience hook. Question hook. Case study hook. Definition hook. Below is a detailed analysis of the 6 hooks for essays listed above with examples on how to write a hook for an argumentative ...
It requires thorough research of the topic, a clear thesis statement, and follow sound reasoning. An exceptionally written argumentative essay will: Engage the reader with a compelling and exciting topic. Give a fair explanation of all points of view. Address the potential counter-claims.
The first step in writing an argumentative essay is to choose a topic. You can research various topics, including current events, or choose a topic that interests you. It is important to find a topic that is relevant to your field of study.
Your argumentative essay should be an analysis and evaluation of an argument that you believe bell hooks might make in response to a question of your choosing. ... Eng_122_module 5 Article: "Mother Tongue" by Amy Tan (2006) 1. After re-reading your selected article, write a 3-4 sente. Q: Read the following from The Best American Magazine ...