What is a literary essay.
Juan Ortiz | | Others
Michel Eyquem de Montaigne, father of the literary essay
The literary essay is counted as one of the major genres in literature. It is found alongside dramaturgy, narrative and poetry —although with a more didactic nuance—. It is a short text written in prose where the author analyzes, examines or interprets a topic in a subjective but documented way. Its purpose is to argue about a specific topic.
The themes for an essay are as varied as life itself. It has been written about politics, pedagogy, art or philosophy. The argumentative approach is based on the author's need to express their opinions about something. What is intended is to justify these arguments through research without becoming a technical work.
Table of Contents
- 1 Characteristics of a literary essay
- 2.1 Induction
- 2.2 Performance
- 2.3 Closing
- 3.1 analytical and deductive
- 4.1 literary essay of novels
- 4.2 philosophical literary essay
- 4.3 Mixed literary essays
- 5 How to write a literary essay
- 6 A little history about the literary essay
- 7 Examples of famous literary essays
Characteristics of a literary essay
A literary essay is not a thesis or a monograph - these works are more of a scientific quality. The essay is a brief and free exposition aimed at a wide audience. For this reason, it uses a language that seeks to be understood by the greatest number of people.
However, as a general rule he uses stylistic and poetic resources. These give greater liveliness to the argument that the author wishes to develop. In this way, the literary essay has certain characteristics necessary to include it within this category . Some of them are the following:
- Presents opinions based on the author's research work;
- It serves as a preliminary and educational text to generate debates;
- It is sensible writing that summarizes a topic of academic, moral, or social value (Wikipedia.org, 2022).
Parts of a literary essay
One of the greatest qualities of a literary essay is to be a free, indicative and suggestive document. It is flexible because its function is to allow the author to introduce a theme and approach it from his point of view. . But there are common features that usually make up a text of this type. This could be a model structure to develop an essay:
In this section The principle of the argument of the topic to be developed in the following paragraphs is exposed. In general, it seeks to be brief to give way to the content.
It is here that the author raises the arguments themselves. Theses and theories are exposed. You can also cite sources of information to inform the reader of the foundations of your study. This section is usually the longest and most complex.
It is about the conclusions reached by the essayist. Here are the final arguments of the idea , and those characteristics that support the writer's arguments are highlighted. Usually it is not a very broad section.
Internal structures that a literary essay can have
Thanks to the freedom offered by itself a literary essay, its internal structure can be arranged in various ways. It all depends on how the author intends to shape his idea—conclusions before development or development before introduction. Depending on the case, we have these variants:
analytical and deductive
Through this composition, the author first states the main idea of his argument. He then proceeds to develop the theme, provide the reader with information, and examine his theory in more detail.
Synthesizing and inductive
This type of structure examines the arguments at the beginning of the text, and leaves for the end the presentation of the thesis or conclusions.
In this case, the thesis is exposed at the beginning of the essay. In the center are written the arguments and data collected by the essayist. Likewise, the thesis of the beginning is reformulated from the data, to later use the conclusions (idunneditorial.com, 2022).
Types of literary essay
Literary essays have tried to classify themselves on many occasions. Nevertheless, what differentiates them has to do with the themes or positions they address. Some examples of this are:
literary essay of novels
This type of essay seeks to analyze the narrative content -usually complex- to create debates about them. An example of this is García Márquez : story of a deicide, of the writer Mario Vargas Llosa.
philosophical literary essay
There are specific essays on philosophical topics. However, in addition to addressing issues related to life or death, love or society..., this type of text is characterized by the use of aesthetic narrative techniques as literary devices.
Mixed literary essays
We can find tests that address more than one topic. It may be that the author learned to speak of narrative-history, poetry-philosophy or society-politics.
How to write a literary essay
Before taking on the task of writing an essay, it is necessary to carry out a research process on the topic to be discussed. It is very helpful to create a list of ideas, classify them, and discard those that do not seem convenient. .
According to your criteria, an author can use or highlight a natural or artificial formula to help him structure his topic. These might be:
- Rhetoricians: to convince the reader.
- Chronological: associated with the explanation of a phenomenon.
- Didactic: developed in such a way that they go from the simple to the complex.
- In the media really : from the question to the starting point of development.
With this clear, it is possible to establish a specific distribution. Ideally, you should write with the aim of offering a broader understanding, with a mature and satisfactory result for both the essayist and the reader.
On the other hand, when writing an argumentative essay, the thesis is the main part. In it the author must present his position.
In the case of an expository literary essay, the essayist must offer a clear definition of the topic. It is not recommended that the text exceed one or two paragraphs (Wikipedia, 2022). The conclusion is just as important as the other parts. However, it should be the most concise.
A little history about the literary essay
Throughout our tradition there has been a remarkable inventory of thinkers who exposed their ideas to the world. Nevertheless, the first record we have of a literary essay proper —named as such for its stylistic novelty— on 1580 . In this year the French writer Michel Eyquem de Montaigne (1553-1582) gave his trials . The term comes from their native language, and means "attempt."
On the other hand, we have Francis Bocon (1561-1626), who would publish his own trials in 1597. Still, It would not be until the eighteenth century that this literary genre would take the necessary strength to become what it is today. Movements such as the Enlightenment and bourgeois Individualism brought essays to the common people by the hand of Samuel Johnson or William Hazlitt (biografiasyvidas.com, 2022).
Examples of famous literary essays
The literary essay has served for many people gifted with genius to express their ideas. In this sense, the annals of history have collected some of the most brilliant and transcendental expositions of essays that exist. An example of them are the following works:
- Essays on morality and politics (1597), by Francis Bacon;
- The Prince (1550 ) Niccolo Machiavelli ;
- The poetic principle (1850) of Edgar Allan Poe ;
- Don Quixote Meditations (1914), by José Ortega y Gasset;
- Law spirit (1748) by Montesquieu;
- the metaphor again (1928) of Jorge Luis Borges.
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- How to write a literary analysis essay | A step-by-step guide
How to Write a Literary Analysis Essay | A Step-by-Step Guide
Published on January 30, 2020 by Jack Caulfield . Revised on September 2, 2022.
Literary analysis means closely studying a text, interpreting its meanings, and exploring why the author made certain choices. It can be applied to novels, short stories, plays, poems, or any other form of literary writing.
A literary analysis essay is not a rhetorical analysis , nor is it just a summary of the plot or a book review. Instead, it is a type of argumentative essay where you need to analyze elements such as the language, perspective, and structure of the text, and explain how the author uses literary devices to create effects and convey ideas.
Before beginning a literary analysis essay, it’s essential to carefully read the text and c ome up with a thesis statement to keep your essay focused. As you write, follow the standard structure of an academic essay :
- An introduction that tells the reader what your essay will focus on.
- A main body, divided into paragraphs , that builds an argument using evidence from the text.
- A conclusion that clearly states the main point that you have shown with your analysis.
Table of contents
Step 1: reading the text and identifying literary devices, step 2: coming up with a thesis, step 3: writing a title and introduction, step 4: writing the body of the essay, step 5: writing a conclusion.
The first step is to carefully read the text(s) and take initial notes. As you read, pay attention to the things that are most intriguing, surprising, or even confusing in the writing—these are things you can dig into in your analysis.
Your goal in literary analysis is not simply to explain the events described in the text, but to analyze the writing itself and discuss how the text works on a deeper level. Primarily, you’re looking out for literary devices —textual elements that writers use to convey meaning and create effects. If you’re comparing and contrasting multiple texts, you can also look for connections between different texts.
To get started with your analysis, there are several key areas that you can focus on. As you analyze each aspect of the text, try to think about how they all relate to each other. You can use highlights or notes to keep track of important passages and quotes.
Consider what style of language the author uses. Are the sentences short and simple or more complex and poetic?
What word choices stand out as interesting or unusual? Are words used figuratively to mean something other than their literal definition? Figurative language includes things like metaphor (e.g. “her eyes were oceans”) and simile (e.g. “her eyes were like oceans”).
Also keep an eye out for imagery in the text—recurring images that create a certain atmosphere or symbolize something important. Remember that language is used in literary texts to say more than it means on the surface.
- Who is telling the story?
- How are they telling it?
Is it a first-person narrator (“I”) who is personally involved in the story, or a third-person narrator who tells us about the characters from a distance?
Consider the narrator’s perspective . Is the narrator omniscient (where they know everything about all the characters and events), or do they only have partial knowledge? Are they an unreliable narrator who we are not supposed to take at face value? Authors often hint that their narrator might be giving us a distorted or dishonest version of events.
The tone of the text is also worth considering. Is the story intended to be comic, tragic, or something else? Are usually serious topics treated as funny, or vice versa ? Is the story realistic or fantastical (or somewhere in between)?
Consider how the text is structured, and how the structure relates to the story being told.
- Novels are often divided into chapters and parts.
- Poems are divided into lines, stanzas, and sometime cantos.
- Plays are divided into scenes and acts.
Think about why the author chose to divide the different parts of the text in the way they did.
There are also less formal structural elements to take into account. Does the story unfold in chronological order, or does it jump back and forth in time? Does it begin in medias res —in the middle of the action? Does the plot advance towards a clearly defined climax?
With poetry, consider how the rhyme and meter shape your understanding of the text and your impression of the tone. Try reading the poem aloud to get a sense of this.
In a play, you might consider how relationships between characters are built up through different scenes, and how the setting relates to the action. Watch out for dramatic irony , where the audience knows some detail that the characters don’t, creating a double meaning in their words, thoughts, or actions.
Your thesis in a literary analysis essay is the point you want to make about the text. It’s the core argument that gives your essay direction and prevents it from just being a collection of random observations about a text.
If you’re given a prompt for your essay, your thesis must answer or relate to the prompt. For example:
Essay question example
Is Franz Kafka’s “Before the Law” a religious parable?
Your thesis statement should be an answer to this question—not a simple yes or no, but a statement of why this is or isn’t the case:
Thesis statement example
Franz Kafka’s “Before the Law” is not a religious parable, but a story about bureaucratic alienation.
Sometimes you’ll be given freedom to choose your own topic; in this case, you’ll have to come up with an original thesis. Consider what stood out to you in the text; ask yourself questions about the elements that interested you, and consider how you might answer them.
Your thesis should be something arguable—that is, something that you think is true about the text, but which is not a simple matter of fact. It must be complex enough to develop through evidence and arguments across the course of your essay.
Say you’re analyzing the novel Frankenstein . You could start by asking yourself:
Your initial answer might be a surface-level description:
The character Frankenstein is portrayed negatively in Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein .
However, this statement is too simple to be an interesting thesis. After reading the text and analyzing its narrative voice and structure, you can develop the answer into a more nuanced and arguable thesis statement:
Mary Shelley uses shifting narrative perspectives to portray Frankenstein in an increasingly negative light as the novel goes on. While he initially appears to be a naive but sympathetic idealist, after the creature’s narrative Frankenstein begins to resemble—even in his own telling—the thoughtlessly cruel figure the creature represents him as.
Remember that you can revise your thesis statement throughout the writing process , so it doesn’t need to be perfectly formulated at this stage. The aim is to keep you focused as you analyze the text.
Finding textual evidence
To support your thesis statement, your essay will build an argument using textual evidence —specific parts of the text that demonstrate your point. This evidence is quoted and analyzed throughout your essay to explain your argument to the reader.
It can be useful to comb through the text in search of relevant quotations before you start writing. You might not end up using everything you find, and you may have to return to the text for more evidence as you write, but collecting textual evidence from the beginning will help you to structure your arguments and assess whether they’re convincing.
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To start your literary analysis paper, you’ll need two things: a good title, and an introduction.
Your title should clearly indicate what your analysis will focus on. It usually contains the name of the author and text(s) you’re analyzing. Keep it as concise and engaging as possible.
A common approach to the title is to use a relevant quote from the text, followed by a colon and then the rest of your title.
If you struggle to come up with a good title at first, don’t worry—this will be easier once you’ve begun writing the essay and have a better sense of your arguments.
“Fearful symmetry” : The violence of creation in William Blake’s “The Tyger”
The essay introduction provides a quick overview of where your argument is going. It should include your thesis statement and a summary of the essay’s structure.
A typical structure for an introduction is to begin with a general statement about the text and author, using this to lead into your thesis statement. You might refer to a commonly held idea about the text and show how your thesis will contradict it, or zoom in on a particular device you intend to focus on.
Then you can end with a brief indication of what’s coming up in the main body of the essay. This is called signposting. It will be more elaborate in longer essays, but in a short five-paragraph essay structure, it shouldn’t be more than one sentence.
Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein is often read as a crude cautionary tale about the dangers of scientific advancement unrestrained by ethical considerations. In this reading, protagonist Victor Frankenstein is a stable representation of the callous ambition of modern science throughout the novel. This essay, however, argues that far from providing a stable image of the character, Shelley uses shifting narrative perspectives to portray Frankenstein in an increasingly negative light as the novel goes on. While he initially appears to be a naive but sympathetic idealist, after the creature’s narrative Frankenstein begins to resemble—even in his own telling—the thoughtlessly cruel figure the creature represents him as. This essay begins by exploring the positive portrayal of Frankenstein in the first volume, then moves on to the creature’s perception of him, and finally discusses the third volume’s narrative shift toward viewing Frankenstein as the creature views him.
Some students prefer to write the introduction later in the process, and it’s not a bad idea. After all, you’ll have a clearer idea of the overall shape of your arguments once you’ve begun writing them!
If you do write the introduction first, you should still return to it later to make sure it lines up with what you ended up writing, and edit as necessary.
The body of your essay is everything between the introduction and conclusion. It contains your arguments and the textual evidence that supports them.
A typical structure for a high school literary analysis essay consists of five paragraphs : the three paragraphs of the body, plus the introduction and conclusion.
Each paragraph in the main body should focus on one topic. In the five-paragraph model, try to divide your argument into three main areas of analysis, all linked to your thesis. Don’t try to include everything you can think of to say about the text—only analysis that drives your argument.
In longer essays, the same principle applies on a broader scale. For example, you might have two or three sections in your main body, each with multiple paragraphs. Within these sections, you still want to begin new paragraphs at logical moments—a turn in the argument or the introduction of a new idea.
Robert’s first encounter with Gil-Martin suggests something of his sinister power. Robert feels “a sort of invisible power that drew me towards him.” He identifies the moment of their meeting as “the beginning of a series of adventures which has puzzled myself, and will puzzle the world when I am no more in it” (p. 89). Gil-Martin’s “invisible power” seems to be at work even at this distance from the moment described; before continuing the story, Robert feels compelled to anticipate at length what readers will make of his narrative after his approaching death. With this interjection, Hogg emphasizes the fatal influence Gil-Martin exercises from his first appearance.
To keep your points focused, it’s important to use a topic sentence at the beginning of each paragraph.
A good topic sentence allows a reader to see at a glance what the paragraph is about. It can introduce a new line of argument and connect or contrast it with the previous paragraph. Transition words like “however” or “moreover” are useful for creating smooth transitions:
… The story’s focus, therefore, is not upon the divine revelation that may be waiting beyond the door, but upon the mundane process of aging undergone by the man as he waits.
Nevertheless, the “radiance” that appears to stream from the door is typically treated as religious symbolism.
This topic sentence signals that the paragraph will address the question of religious symbolism, while the linking word “nevertheless” points out a contrast with the previous paragraph’s conclusion.
Using textual evidence
A key part of literary analysis is backing up your arguments with relevant evidence from the text. This involves introducing quotes from the text and explaining their significance to your point.
It’s important to contextualize quotes and explain why you’re using them; they should be properly introduced and analyzed, not treated as self-explanatory:
It isn’t always necessary to use a quote. Quoting is useful when you’re discussing the author’s language, but sometimes you’ll have to refer to plot points or structural elements that can’t be captured in a short quote.
In these cases, it’s more appropriate to paraphrase or summarize parts of the text—that is, to describe the relevant part in your own words:
The conclusion of your analysis shouldn’t introduce any new quotations or arguments. Instead, it’s about wrapping up the essay. Here, you summarize your key points and try to emphasize their significance to the reader.
A good way to approach this is to briefly summarize your key arguments, and then stress the conclusion they’ve led you to, highlighting the new perspective your thesis provides on the text as a whole:
By tracing the depiction of Frankenstein through the novel’s three volumes, I have demonstrated how the narrative structure shifts our perception of the character. While the Frankenstein of the first volume is depicted as having innocent intentions, the second and third volumes—first in the creature’s accusatory voice, and then in his own voice—increasingly undermine him, causing him to appear alternately ridiculous and vindictive. Far from the one-dimensional villain he is often taken to be, the character of Frankenstein is compelling because of the dynamic narrative frame in which he is placed. In this frame, Frankenstein’s narrative self-presentation responds to the images of him we see from others’ perspectives. This conclusion sheds new light on the novel, foregrounding Shelley’s unique layering of narrative perspectives and its importance for the depiction of character.
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How to Write a Literary Essay
- Make sure you read and understand the plot of the chosen material which includes the characters involved.
- Take note of sections in the material and write down reactions
- Draw a character map or sequential events of the story.
- Review the notes indicated and decide what question you want an answer to regarding the material you have read.
What Is the Format for a Literary Essay?
- The introduction states the main point of your essay
- The body cites examples that support your thesis
- Conclusion is a summary of main points in relation to your thesis
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Guidelines for a literary essay.
- Brainstorm all ideas and write them on a piece of paper and choose which will be best as your topic.
- Develop a sequence to your ideas. Numbering them helps you decide on the order.
- Make a flow chart in connection to the sequence of ideas starting with the introduction, body, and conclusion.
- Arrange each idea in an order which you want to take place in the essay.
- Ensure sequences support the flow of the essay and make the whole link with each other.
- Develop a conclusion which answers the introduction of your essay.
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What Is a Literary Essay?
A literary analysis essay is an academic assignment that examines and evaluates a work of literature or a given aspect of a specific literary piece. It tells about the big idea or theme of a book you’ve read. The literary essay may be about any book or any literary topic imaginable.
How to Write a Literary Analysis Essay
When you’re taking a literature course , you clearly expect some degree of academic writing to be involved. You’ll be reading books, and you’ll be discussing them in class. However, you’ll also analyze those books in written.
There’s a problem: your professors assign you the books and they ask you to write the paper, but they don’t teach you how to write a literary essay step by step. Some students assume they can find some reviews on Goodreads and paraphrase them or even order the essay from the best essay writing service . Others go through blogs maintained by passionate readers, and they assume that that’s the style they should follow.
This type of paper needs a specific format. Plus, you’ll have to maintain an adequate style of academic writing. You can’t write like a blogger would write, and you cannot copy Goodreads or Amazon reviews. What you should do is read that book and write a proper literary essay that would leave your professor impressed.
Are there any guidelines you can follow to achieve that goal? Of course there are! In the most basic form, these are the steps you should follow:
- Understand the purpose of a literary analysis;
- Understand the format (learn what this type of assignment must include in its content);
Sounds pretty simple, doesn’t it? As any other student, you need more tangible guidelines that teach you how to handle this particular assignment. As always, we’re here to help with that! Read through this step-by-step guide, and you’ll be ready to start writing the literary analysis by the end of the day.
What Is the Purpose of a Literary Analysis Essay?
The main purpose of a literary analysis essay is to prove that you’ve carefully examined and evaluated a work of literature from various aspects. First of all, you must understand the term analysis. It means breaking something up to its essential components, and analyzing how their features contribute towards the overall impression.
Let’s take an example: you’re analyzing Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby. It’s a highly popular book with countless reviews all over the Internet. If you check out those reviews, you’ll notice they are highly personal. They are all about the way the reader perceived the book. You’re allowed to share your own impressions in a literary analysis, but they have to be part of a more structured format. Most of all, you’ll focus on the analysis of all components of the book.
You’ll be reading the book differently, too. When you’re reading for pleasure, you’re mainly focused on emotions and visualizations of the scenes and characters. You’ll still pay attention to those elements of the reading process, but you’ll also be analytical towards the book. You’ll consider these elements:
- The relationship between form and content
- The relationship between the main plot and the subplot
- Characters’ strengths and flaws
- Storyline strengths and flaws
In most cases, professors ask you to focus on one aspect analyzing a book. For example, they will ask you to analyze the strengths and flaws of Gatsby’s character. An overall analysis is a much larger and more complex paper, whose structure is closer to a research paper than it is to an essay.
So let’s sum up:
- The purpose of a literary analysis is to analyze a particular theme or aspect of the book or poem you’ve read.
- Your writing will be sharp and focused. You will express not only your personal thoughts and emotions regarding the piece, but your studious approach towards it as well.
- Think of it this way: you’re putting yourself in the shoes of a literary critic. If you’ve ever read the critiques in popular magazines, you’ll notice they are objective; not personal. Your essay will have a specific format, but it will maintain that critical approach you’ve seen from real critics.
- Your goal is to convince the reader that you’re making a valid point with your analysis.
What Must a Literary Analysis Essay Include?
When students don’t know how to write a literary essay, they make a common mistake: freewriting. This assignment is not based on freewriting, where you sit and write whatever comes to mind regarding the book. The paper must be organized, and it needs specific elements that will turn freewriting into an actual literary analysis:
- A specific topic, which you’ll formulate in accordance with the central idea you want to convey.
- A central thesis statement, which tells the reader what to expect from the rest of the paper. This is a very clear declarative sentence that conveys the main point of your essay. Every single sentence you write in your literary analysis will be directly connected to this central idea.
- An introduction, body, and conclusion - that’s the basic structure to maintain in most formats of academic writing. The literary analysis is no different; it needs an intro, body, and conclusion. The only difference is that you’re not obliged to stick to the 5-paragraph format. If you need more paragraphs in the body, you’re free to include them unless your professor tells you otherwise.
How to Write a Literary Analysis Essay Introduction
Now that you’re aware of all elements this essay should include, it’s easier for you to write the literary essay outline. It should briefly describe the points you’re going to include in the introduction, body, and conclusion. Once you have the outline ready, it will be easier for you to start writing the paper.
How do you start? That’s the greatest challenge to overcome throughout this process.
In the introduction, it’s important to capture the interest of your reader. You will do that by bringing immediate focus to the main point you’re going to make. Explain the reader (your professor) what aspect of the book or poem you’re going to analyze. Is it the format, a specific character, or an element of the plot?
- You may start with a quote that conveys this main point for you. If, for example, you’re analyzing Gatsby’s character, you may include this quote:
“If personality is an unbroken series of successful gestures, then there was something gorgeous about him, some heightened sensitivity to the promises of life, as if he were related to one of those intricate machines that register earthquakes ten thousand miles away. This responsiveness had nothing to do with that flabby impressionability which is dignified under the name of the ‘creative temperament’ - it was an extraordinary gift for hope, a romantic readiness such as I have never found in any other person and which is not likely I shall ever find again.”
With this quote, the author practically expressed Gatsby’s personality, so you have where to start from. From here on, you’ll analyze the character’s personality in different scenes and you’ll describe how they are related to the description from this quote.
- It’s also allowed for you to include some background information relevant to the literature genre or to the author of the piece you’re analyzing.
- At the end of the introduction, you’ll include your thesis statement. It’s recommended for it to be in a single sentence. That rule will push you towards clarity and scarcity.
Once you have the introduction with a clear thesis statement, it won’t be that difficult for you to write the body of your paper. You don’t necessarily have to write three paragraphs in it, but it’s the minimum number of paragraphs for an essay of 500 - 700 words. You may separate the body in more paragraphs, but less than three would make the paper look like a bulky and overwhelming read.
Each paragraph needs a topic sentence, which is directly related to the thesis statement.
How to End a Literary Analysis Essay
Naturally, your literary analysis needs a strong, convincing conclusion. This final paragraph will make the essay complete and well-rounded. It will give the reader an impression that you made a clear point that they are ready to agree or disagree with.
How do you write such a conclusion?
- Don’t introduce new points of discussion in the conclusion.
- It should summarize and restate the main points you made, but it mustn’t be repetitive. You may make a relevant comment from a different perspective, or restate the main thesis to show how your arguments proved it.
The literary analysis is not an easy essay to write. They say that the best critics are geniuses. They know how to penetrate deep into the essence of the book they read, and understand the author’s intentions for each element of their writing.
No one expects a college student to achieve that level of literary criticism, but the least you can do is try. If you follow the tips above, you can start writing the literary analysis essay as soon as you’re done with the reading.
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What Is Literature: Essay
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- This essay sample was donated by a student to help the academic community. Papers provided by EduBirdie writers usually outdo students' samples.
To begin with, my insight paper let me first define the word Literature;
According to JOSHUA J. MARK, Literature comes (from the Latin word Littera meaning letters and referring to an acquaintance with the written word) such as poetry and prose in Western Europe prior to the eighteenth century, literature was a term indicated to describe books.
Technically speaking literature is composed of words from many languages that give information about what had happened before. Literature at some point has something to deal with our past. It can be written such as books or spoken (exchanging thoughts, ideas, and experiences) by simply asking our great ancestors about their past.
Literature plays an important role in our daily life because it gives us entertainment, hope, and above all moral lessons by reading or watching any literary piece. One good example of a literary piece where we can get a moral lesson is by watching a documentary film, where that particular film is relatable to what is going on around us. Sharing their good and bad experiences would help us change our perspectives in life. In this aspect, literature serves as an eye-opener to the society to where we belong.
Definitely, Literature would not exist without any language involved. How are we going to communicate without a language? How are going to write a certain book without a language? How are going to express our emotions, and feelings if there would be no language involved? Mostly how we are going to tell a story without a language? Language in Literature helps the readers viewers understand the content easily. As to what the definition of the literature mentioned above gives us a hint that literature is about letters a written words not drawings.
Why do we have to study Literature?
- Literature tells us about the past
- Literature gives us a better understanding
- Literature helps us to learn other languages
- Literature helps us to improve our reading and communication skills
- Literature is considered to be a mirror of humanity toward other cultures.
Literature has a great impact on society because literature allows us to understand better the world we live in by reflecting on any literary piece that we had watched or read. As what others believe some books mirror society.
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On the other hand, according to C.S Lewis literature adds to reality, it does not simply describe it. It enriches the necessary competencies that daily life requires and provides
There are different genres of literature such as:
When we talk about poetry in literature the simple definition of this genre is that it evokes a concentrated imaginative awareness of experience or specific emotional response through language chosen and arranged for its meaning, sound and rhythm.
The prose in literature serves as a literary device referring to writing that is structured in a grammatical way, with words and phrases that can make sentences and paragraphs.
Drama according to Merriam- Webster’s dictionary is a written work that tells a story through action and speech and is acted out. Another definition for drama from yourdictionary.com- drama refers to the performance of written dialogue and stage action.
Novel- is a book that consists of an invented prose narrative that contains more imaginary things rather than reality.
Others may find Literature as boring or not an interesting subject, but definitely they are wrong. Studying literature helps us to improve ourselves and appreciate our past. Students who read literature can find relief, inspiration above all a greater connection to humanity which will let them feel less isolated. Studying literature in a broad sense is a way where our imagination will explore the world of fiction, drama, and reality.
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Content Writing What is a Literary Analysis and How to Write it Correctly?
- 1.1) Definition of Literary Analysis:
- 2) What is the Purpose of a Literary Analysis Essay?
- 3.1) Read the work of literature:
- 3.2) Develop a thesis statement:
- 3.3) Conduct research:
- 3.4) Create an outline:
- 3.5) Write the introduction:
- 3.6) Write the body paragraphs:
- 3.7) Write the conclusion:
- 3.8) Edit and revise:
- 3.9) Useful Tips to Polish your Literary Analysis Paper
- 4.1) Summarizing the plot:
- 4.2) Overgeneralizing:
- 4.3) Ignoring literary devices and techniques:
- 4.4) Focusing only on one aspect:
- 4.5) Not revising or proofreading:
- 4.6) Plagiarism:
- 4.7) Over-Relying on AI or Automated Tools
- 4.8) Being too general or vague:
- 4.9) Forgetting the thesis statement:
- 5) General Literary Analysis Template
- 6.1) Brainstorming ideas:
- 6.2) Providing context:
- 6.3) Organizing thoughts:
- 6.4) Check and Fix Grammar and syntax:
- 6.5) Suggesting examples:
- 6.6) Final Thoughts
Literary analysis is a critical tool used by students, scholars, and avid readers alike to uncover the deeper meanings and themes within a piece of literature. But what is a literary analysis, and how can you write literary analysis correctly? In this blog, we’ll explore the ins and outs of literary analysis, from the definition and purpose to the step-by-step process of crafting a well-written analysis. So grab your favorite book and let’s dive in!
What is a Literary Analysis?
A literary analysis is an essay or written work that examines a piece of literature, such as a novel, poem, play, or short story. The purpose of a literary analysis is to analyze the literary elements, themes, and devices used by the author to convey their message and meaning. This type of analysis involves examining the structure, language, characters, symbols, and other literary techniques used in the work. The goal of a literary analysis is to gain a deeper understanding of the work and its significance, as well as to provide insights and interpretations that can help readers appreciate the work more fully.
Definition of Literary Analysis:
The process of breaking down a work of literature into its various components, such as plot, characterization, symbolism, imagery, and theme, in order to better understand and interpret the work. A literary analysis essay involves focusing on examining and interpreting a specific work of literature, such as a novel, poem , play, or short story . 
What is the Purpose of a Literary Analysis Essay?
Literary analysis essay is often referred to as a literary analysis paper.
Literary analysis involves: Analyzing the structure, language, characters, symbols, and other literary techniques used in the work to gain a deeper understanding of the work and its significance. The purpose of a literary analysis essay is:
- To provide a detailed examination and interpretation of a work of literature
- To analyze the various literary elements, devices, and techniques used by the author
- To gain a deeper understanding and appreciation of the work
- To uncover insights and meanings that may not be immediately apparent
- To explore the complexities and nuances of the work
- To provide a deeper understanding of its significance and relevance
- To develop critical thinking and analytical skills through the analysis of literature
How to Write a Literary Analysis Essay?
Here is a step by side on how to write a literary analysis essay:
Read the work of literature:
Start by reading the work of literature carefully, taking note of important literary elements such as plot, characterization, symbolism, imagery, and theme.
Develop a thesis statement:
Your thesis statement should be a clear and concise statement that summarizes your main argument or interpretation of the work. It should be specific, debatable, and supported by evidence from the text.
Depending on the requirements of your assignment, you may need to conduct additional research to support your analysis. This could include reading critical essays or other scholarly works related to the text.
Create an outline:
Organize your thoughts and arguments into a clear and logical outline . This will help you stay focused and ensure that your essay flows smoothly.
Write the introduction:
The introduction should provide some background information on the work of literature, and should end with your thesis statement.
Write the body paragraphs:
The body paragraphs should each focus on a specific literary element or technique, and should include evidence from the text to support your analysis. Use topic sentences to introduce each paragraph, and make sure to transition smoothly between paragraphs.
Write the conclusion:
The conclusion should summarize your main points and restate your thesis in a new way. It should also provide some final thoughts or insights into the work of literature.
Also Read: How to Write a Strong Conclusion – Tips & Examples
Edit and revise:
Once you have completed your first draft, take some time to edit and revise your essay. Look for errors in grammar, punctuation, and spelling, and make sure that your ideas are expressed clearly and effectively.
Useful Tips to Polish your Literary Analysis Paper
Here are some more useful tips on how to polish your literary essay to perfection:
- Use quotes from the text to support your analysis.
- Avoid summarizing the plot or retelling the story. Instead, focus on analyzing the literary elements and techniques used by the author.
- Make sure your analysis is focused and specific. Don’t try to cover too much ground in one essay.
- Add transition words and catchy opening sentences
- Use clear and concise language, and avoid unnecessary jargon or technical terms.
- Remember to cite your sources properly, whether you are using quotes from the text or outside sources.
Common Mistakes to Avoid When Writing a Literary Analysis Paper
Avoid these common mistakes when writing a literary analysis:
Summarizing the plot:
One of the most common mistakes students make is summarizing the plot of the work of literature instead of analyzing it. Remember, the purpose of a literary essay is to provide an interpretation of the work, not a summary of what happens.
Avoid making broad, sweeping statements about the work of literature without providing specific evidence to support your claims. Your analysis should be grounded in the text and supported by evidence.
Ignoring literary devices and techniques:
Make sure you are analyzing the various literary devices and techniques used by the author, such as symbolism, imagery, and metaphor . These elements are often key to understanding the work as a whole.
Focusing only on one aspect:
While it’s important to focus on specific literary elements or techniques, don’t ignore the work as a whole. Make sure your analysis is balanced and covers all aspects of the work.
Not revising or proofreading:
A literary essay should be well-written and free of errors in grammar, punctuation, and spelling. Make sure to revise and proofread your essay carefully before submitting it.
Plagiarism is a serious offense and can result in a failing grade or other consequences. Make sure to cite any sources you use in your essay properly, and avoid copying and pasting text from outside sources without attribution.
Over-Relying on AI or Automated Tools
While AI and automated tools can be helpful in identifying basic literary elements and providing some analysis, over-relying on them can be a mistake. These tools lack the ability to provide nuanced analysis and understand the cultural and historical context in which the work was written. It’s important to use your own critical thinking skills and analysis to supplement any information provided by AI or automated tools, and to make sure your analysis is grounded in your own understanding of the work
Being too general or vague:
Your analysis should be specific and focused, and should avoid vague or general statements that don’t provide any real insight into the work. Make sure you are providing specific evidence to support your claims.
Forgetting the thesis statement:
Your thesis statement should be the guiding principle of your essay, and should be referenced throughout your analysis. Make sure you are staying focused on your thesis and using it to guide your analysis.
General Literary Analysis Template
Here’s a general literary analysis template that you can use:
- Introduce the work of literature you will be analyzing
- Provide some background information on the work
- Provide your thesis statement
II. Analysis of Literary Elements
- Identify and analyze the literary elements and techniques used by the author, such as plot, characterization, symbolism, imagery, and theme
- Provide specific examples from the text to support your analysis
III. Analysis of Writing Style
- Analyze the author’s writing style, such as their use of tone, diction, and syntax
- Explain how the author’s writing style contributes to the overall meaning of the work
IV. Analysis of Historical and Cultural Context
- Analyze the historical and cultural context of the work, and explain how it influenced the author and their writing
- Explain how the work reflects the values and beliefs of its time
- Summarize your main points and restate your thesis in a new way
- Provide some final thoughts or insights into the work of literature
- Remember, this is just a general template and can be adjusted to fit the specific requirements of your assignment or the particular work of literature you are analyzing.
How can an AI Writing Assistant help You in Writing a Literary Analysis?
An AI Writer can save the writer time and effort in the writing process, and help them create a more coherent and well-structured literary analysis.
An AI Writing Assistant can be helpful in several ways when writing a literary analysis:
An AI Writing Assistant can help generate ideas and prompts for literary analysis. It can suggest themes, motifs, and symbols that are present in the text and can help the writer identify the main ideas to be discussed in the analysis.
An AI Writing Assistant can provide context for the literary work being analyzed. It can provide historical, cultural, or biographical information about the author, the time period, or the literary movement that the work belongs to.
An AI Writing Assistant can help organize the writer’s thoughts and ideas. It can suggest a structure for the analysis, such as an introduction, thesis statement, body paragraphs, and conclusion.
Check and Fix Grammar and syntax:
An AI Writing Assistant can help with grammar and syntax. It can suggest corrections for spelling and grammar errors and suggest improvements in sentence structure and clarity.
An AI Writing Assistant can provide examples from the literary work to support the writer’s analysis. It can help the writer identify quotes, passages, or scenes that illustrate the main ideas being discussed.
In conclusion, literary analysis is a valuable skill for anyone looking to gain a deeper understanding and appreciation of literature. By examining a text through a critical lens, readers can uncover hidden meanings, explore themes, and gain a more nuanced perspective on the work. When writing a literary analysis, it’s essential to follow a clear and structured approach, including identifying the thesis, analyzing the text, and using evidence to support your claims. Remember to stay focused, use clear language, and support your arguments with evidence from the text. With these tips in mind, you’ll be well on your way to crafting a thoughtful and insightful literary analysis. So go forth and analyze, and enjoy the new insights and understanding that await!
References:  Literary Analysis – StudySmarter
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How To Write Literary Analysis Essay
- September 19, 2022 August 24, 2022
Before writing your essay, you should choose a topic that interests you this way. You will be excited to start the project. Gathering information from experienced writers will point you to the proper use of styles and literary tools.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
The Layout Of A Literary Analysis Essay
For a student to understand how to write a literary analysis essay , he must know the layout and the components included. These are the introduction, body, and conclusion.
Since this is the first paragraph the reader encounters, you should give clear well-detailed information. Start excitingly by including a quote from the book that emphasizes the central point of your essay.
Include the quote as the first sentence of this paragraph and enclose it in quotation marks. Identify the speaker, context, and connection to your essay. At the end of the paragraph, include the thesis statement that illustrates the main idea of the whole essay.
Also Read Ways of Preparing Your Homework
The Body Paragraph
The topic sentences tell the readers about the idea being discussed in the paragraph. Each paragraph contains a single idea that is analyzed in detail.
When writing a literary analysis essay , you can choose to show how certain events affect different characters. Give examples from the literary work you are analyzing to make your essay effective.
These examples act as evidence for your essay. End the paragraphs by demonstrating how the idea explained supports your work. To write effective paragraphs, you need to ask yourself questions like, what is the purpose of a literary analysis essay ?
Wrap up by reiterating your thesis statement and show the reader how you achieved your view through analysis of the text. Incorporate the ideas you used in the essay and bring them together to show how you defend your work.
Your conclusion will remind the reader of how you handled the different situations in the text. Don’t leave your essay hanging and incomplete instead, use metaphors, imagery, and other literary tools to emphasize the message of your essay.
How you argue your points in the essay determines how easy you will be to conclude.
What Is The Purpose of a Literary Analysis Essay?
The main reason why students write a literary analysis essay is to demonstrate that they have read a text and fully understood its deeper meaning. It takes scenes from the literary work and compares them to our daily lives. It is all about analyzing the text thoroughly.
In a literary essay example, a student examines a character’s flaws and strengths and not just one side. It enables the students to analyze the text using diverse views and approaches.
For example, you may choose to analyze a scene from a historical perspective. This enables the students to approach all literary forms using this method. A literary analysis shifts the reader’s focus to the aspects being demonstrated.
For example, you can shape how a reader sees a text by focusing on the psychological or religious aspect of the literary work. It gives the reader a deeper understanding of aspects that others might not know about because of the different views you provide.
Sample Literary Analysis Essay
Shakespeare’s Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet Double trouble in Romeo and Juliet- Fate or ill luck? The Tragedy in Romeo and Juliet is a play about fate and destiny. Various coincidental occurrences appear to cause their misfortune, but this is not the case. In the play, the circumstances before their deaths contributed to their destiny, not just one coincidence. The Capulets, Juliet’s parents, contribute to Romeo and Juliet’s demise from the beginning of the play. Juliet’s father pretends to love and care for her, while in reality, he wishes for her to marry a rich man who will bring their family prestige and wealth. “My child is yet a stranger in the world, she hath not seen the change of fourteen years; Let two more summers wither in their pride, ere we may think her ripe to be a bride” (8-11). This portrays the picture of a loving father concerned that his daughter is too young to be married. But this is not the case because at the end of the play, when she stands up to him and declares that she does not want to marry Paris, her father is furious “disobedient wretch I tell thee what, get thee to church o’ Thursday [to marry Paris] or never after look me in the face” (160-163) Lord Capulet comes out to demonstrate his real feelings and shows the reader that he only pretended to love his daughter for his selfish ends. Lady Capulet, Juliet’s mother, is shallow and self-centered. She advises Juliet to marry Paris for his money and looks and their family’s prestige. “And find delight right there with beauty’s pen. Examine every married lineament and see how one another lends content” She tries to convince Juliet that due to his good looks, Paris will make the perfect husband. This advice shows that she is only concerned about the family’s image at the expense of their daughter’s happiness. Both parents plan their daughter’s life to attain their selfish goals. Juliet feels alone, which eventually leads to her death. Chance also plays a significant role in shaping their fate because the two families, the Montagues, and Capulets, used to live peacefully until several brawls happened. This demonstrates that a simple misunderstanding was the cause of all the loathing and conflict. This hatred grows into family feuds. It also demonstrates how minor issues can cause separation and hatred in society. Romeo’s banishment would have been prevented if Mercutio’s death had not happened. This proves that the events that followed, for example, Romeo and Juliet’s deaths, could have been avoided. This shows how a single occurrence could give rise to a chain of events that could change the future of many individuals. Sometimes it is possible to prevent these issues, while other times, it is out of our control. The most exciting and thrilling character has to Doc. He is a lonesome scientist with minimal company and a drunk but is more than what he seems on the surface. He demonstrates empathy; when flu hit his location, he took in patients and provided health care, although he was not a certified doctor. This shows his softer side by demonstrating his willingness to go out of his way and make sacrifices to help society. Also, the people of Cannery Row adore him so much that they decide to throw two parties in his honor. This demonstrates that even if he appears to be a drunk, he is highly esteemed and admired by society. Also, this points out that his charitable deeds finally pay off. The premature deaths of Romeo and Juliet are not to be blamed solely on chance; it is fate that decides the direction of their lives. For example, Juliet senses that his forbidden love will end tragically. This shows that she is aware of fate’s influence on her life, and although she pursues happiness, the end might be terrible. It also demonstrates that the fate of the two is sealed from their first meeting. When their families discover their corpses, their hatred is lifted as they realize the tragedy brought about by a senseless misunderstanding. Shakespeare uses the tragic deaths of these characters for a greater purpose. The two conflicting families are brought together by fate. Romeo and Juliet’s destiny was to die to restore peace between their families. Death is the end of all humanity. It is the only thing people are assured of. All other things are in constant change. People’s decisions, whether by chance or willingly, decide how they meet their death. Their fates were woven together when Romeo and Juliet met due to their decisions. Although they sacrificed their lives for love, their deaths served a higher purpose of bringing their families together. The Capulets and the Montagues gather around the tombs of the two lovers to witness how their selfish actions caused the deaths of their kin. Many people today go about harboring bitter feelings towards each other without considering the outcomes of their behavior. People should try to resolve all conflicts to avoid a repeat of what Romeo and Juliet did.
Although most students admit to finding a literary essay difficult, it is one of the easiest to write. Reading the required text and following the instructions will simplify this task.
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Literary Analysis Concept & Examples
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It tells about the big idea or theme of a book you’ve read. The literary essay may be about any book or any literary topic imaginable. A literary analysis essay aims to prove that a writer has examined and evaluated a work of literature in detail. But things might change according to the requirements. Your instructor might ask you to only focus on one particular part of a book or piece of literature. When writing a literary analysis essay, writers should read the prompt, critically read the text, craft a thesis, draft an outline, and then write the essay. Choosing short, significant pieces of evidence allows for more in-depth analysis than including long quotes.
The introduction paragraph can be concluded with an indication of what is going to be discussed in the essay. However, in a five-paragraph essay, this summary should be condensed into a single sentence. This academic assignment aims to examine and evaluate a literary work or its aspect. The definition of a literary analysis essay presupposes the study of literary devices, choice of language, perspective, imagery, and structure of the text. These techniques are examined to understand the ideas the author intended to convey. An introduction, body, and conclusion – that’s the basic structure to maintain in most formats of academic writing.
Because at the end of the day, it’s your analysis and your essay, so your view on the novel, play, or poem is the point – not the critic’s. An analysis / analytical essay is a standard assignment in college or university. You might be asked to conduct an in-depth analysis of a research paper, a report, a movie, a company, a book, or an event. In this article, you’ll find out how to write an analysis paper introduction,… Your thesis statement requires sufficient textual evidence. In the previous step, you gathered much information, so now, it will be easier to find passages and quotations that refer to the subject. You may not use everything you have discovered in your writing, but having enough material at hand will help to structure the arguments.
When you are done, your literary analysis is ready for your readers. No matter which, your hard work means a literary analysis you can be how to write a literary criticism essay proud of. Write down a Roman numeral for each main idea you want to cover in your essay, as well as your introduction and conclusion.
To do this, annotate the text, underlining key terms and literary techniques. Also, jot down notes about what you think the literary elements mean and how the scene connects to larger ideas in the text, such as Janie’s character development or the themes of love and identity. Writers can then begin writing their analytical essays. They should use a formal academic tone and avoid slang, conjunctions, and colloquialisms. The focus should be on their unique analysis of the evidence they include.
You will express not only your personal thoughts and emotions regarding the piece, but your studious approach towards it as well. Analyze the significance of a book and its influence on other writers. To end the paragraph, make sure to use a transitional sentence. This sentence will help you to create a logical connection with other parts of the essay. This essay tends to enhance writing and analytical skills.
It is enough to summarize their main ideas logically and concisely. It would be wise to answer the following question in a literary analysis essay example. Do all characters speak the same language, or does each one have their particular style? Individual speech manners are significant merits of fiction. When a newbie checks literary analysis examples, they will see that they are very personal. Different people might perceive the same text very differently. It depends on their character, life experience, and cultural background.
- The assignment will review the function of flouting (as described by Grice’s cooperative principle) within the tale and consider whether this function is prevalent and…
- In Willstead town, in North Carolina strange things are happening.
- Start rounding up the literary essay paper in the last paragraph.
- Gottfried Keller, the author of the novel Romeo und Julia auf dem Dorfe , is a Swiss writer who belongs to this…
- It is good to give the audience some food for thought by adding a relevant quote to your conclusion.
Well, the task might be challenging if you don’t know the essential rules for literary analysis creation. We know how to write a short story analysis, and we are… A critique paper is an academic writing genre that summarizes and gives a critical evaluation of a concept or work.
Literary Analysis Essay Body ParagraphsOnce you are done writing the introduction, you explain the essay using the body paragraphs. Before you end the introduction, include a thesis statement for your essay. Usually, this is a single-line statement but may exceed two or a maximum of three small sentences. From this, you should know that a literary essay is a type ofcollege essay.
In literary scholarship, this is referred to as Practical Criticism, otherwise known as close reading, which is the approach that most schools tend to teach. In this post, then, I’ll explain what literary criticism is, why we should care, and suggest 3 steps to using lit crit in an essay.
A didactic intention can be identified in a text where there the author explicitly portrays himself as a moralist of as an educator and goes ahead to give advice. So now that we have covered some “bad” titles, let’s “Read Like a Writer” and think about what makes for an effective essay title. To do this, we will examine some essay titles written by literary scholars. It should summarize and restate the main points you made, but it mustn’t be repetitive. You may make a relevant comment from a different perspective, or restate the main thesis to show how your arguments proved it. Your goal is to convince the reader that you’re making a valid point with your analysis.
Discover the components of analyses, identify steps for writing a literary analysis, and study a literary analysis example. This will be the longest part of the essay because it is the part in which you prove your thesis. Take out phrases like “I think” or “In my opinion.” When you’re first writing a literary essay, you may be timid about your analysis.
There is one thing that several people fear in this world other than spiders, and that “thing” is death. Unfortunately death is inevitable, and each and every one of us is bound to die at some point in our life. This Library of America series edition is printed on acid-free paper and features Smyth-sewn binding, a full cloth cover, and a ribbon marker. Over 10 million students from across the world are already learning smarter. StudySmarter is commited to creating, free, high quality explainations, opening education to all. By registering you get free access to our website and app which will help you to super-charge your learning process. 4 – Using an outline is a great way to keep your writing organized.
They could include alliteration, imagery, metaphors, allusions, allegories, repetition, flashback, foreshadowing, or any number of other devices the author employs to write the story or poem. Note that the work, author, and character to be analyzed are identified in this thesis statement. It also identifies https://www.collegeessayhelps.com/ the element of fiction that the writer will explore and the characteristics the writer will analyze and discuss . They say that the first rule of fight club is that you don’t talk about fight club. Well, I say the first rule of using literary criticism is that you don’t focus on the literary criticism.
If you spend too much time on reconstruction and not enough on criticism, you will not score very well on the essay. ✔️This is the final paragraph of your literary analysis paper that will give it a sense of completeness. Firstly to understand what a literary analysis essay means, it’s a way to determine and understand the work of an author, even if it is a single work or an entire body of work. Literary criticism is a description, analysis, evaluation, or interpretation of a particular literary work or an author’s writings as a whole.
Choose whatever method that works the best for you and for your material. Gallaudet University, chartered in 1864, is a private university for deaf and hard of hearing students. Use specific examples from the text to support your thesis. This article was co-authored by Christopher Taylor, PhD. Christopher Taylor is an Adjunct Assistant Professor of English at Austin Community College in Texas. He received his PhD in English Literature and Medieval Studies from the University of Texas at Austin in 2014. Be sure you have a clear understanding of the essay assignment before writing your analysis. Always follow the teacher’s instructions and guidelines.
Henry James: Literary Criticism: Essays on Literature, American Writers, English Writers
Anyone who ever faced this type of writing needs to know the answer to this question. Since this kind of paper is widespread at different departments in colleges and universities, knowing how to write a literary analysis essay is a useful skill for every student. If you wonder how to start the literary analysis, the answer is careful reading.
What is a literary criticism essay?
A literary analysis is not merely a summary of a literary work. Instead, it is an argument about the work that expresses a writer's personal perspective, interpretation, judgment, or critical evaluation of the work.
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Literary Essay - Julius Caesar
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As humans, none of us are entirely good or entirely evil. It is the same with the characters in the play Julius Caesar by William Shakespeare. While many are portrayed as good or evil, none really are. This can be more easily explained through the characters Brutus, Marc Antony and Julius Caesar.
From the very first mention of Brutus the audience is told that he is the most honorable man in Rome. This would persuade us to believe that he is a good character.
From the beginning this is true, but not too far into the play, after some coaxing by Cassius, Brutus’ more evil side is revealed. He contributes to the plot of killing Caesar and says in Act II scene 1 line 10 “It must be by his death…” This alone is totally the opposite of what an honorable man would do. Nevertheless, he tries to redeem himself by adding in Act II scene 1 line 11-12 “I know no personal cause to spurn at him, but for the general.
“ Thank you so much for accepting my assignment the night before it was due. I look forward to working with you moving forward ”
” So we are led to believe that “sacrificing” Caesar is and honorable thing being done for the Roman people not just a well organized murder. This is one example of how no one is entirely good.
Next is Caesar’s right hand man, Marc Antony. He loved Caesar very much and was deeply saddened when Caesar was murdered. After this event, he persuades Brutus to let him speak at Caesar’s funeral as a friend. Act III scene 1 line 227-230 “And am moreover suitor that I may produce his body to the market place; and in the pulpit, as becomes a friend, speak in the order of his funeral” The real reason why Antony wanted to speak at the funeral was to let the people know that Brutus murdered Caesar for no good reason.
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He expresses his success in Act III scene 2 line 270-271 “Belike they has some notice of the people, how I had moved them.” Marc Antony never forgives Brutus and the other conspirators for murdering Caesar and even goes to war with them because of it. Antony fighting for his friend’s death shows that he is good. But he tricks the others which show’s some bad in him.
The last case is a little different than the others. This last example exactly isn’t of complete good or evil. It just shows how no one is perfect. Caesar was to be the ruler of the Roman Empire. Everyone thought that he was the best person for the job. He was thought of as a god. Gods are perfect and Caesar was far from it. In Act I scene 2 lines 111 Cassius tells Brutus stories of how weak Caesar is. “Caesar cried ‘help me, Cassius, or I sink.'” He continues by adding in lines 127-128 “Alas it cried, ‘give me some drink, Titinius,’ as a sick girl.” This shows how Caesar was not like any god even though that is what the people believed.
The whole point of this essay was to show how even in plays that it is impossible to have someone who is entirely good or evil. It’s just too unrealistic. As humans, we all possess good and bad characteristics. They may not be balanced but there isn’t anyone who is totally good or evil.
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Literary Analysis Essay
Literary Analysis Essay - An Ultimate Writing Guide
Published on: Nov 19, 2019
Last updated on: Jan 20, 2023
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Are you having difficulty writing a literary essay? Hold onto your seats; you are at the right place.
The endless pursuit of knowledge is what every student desires. The world has so many amazing stories to tell, and it's up to you to explore them. But where do you start?
It can be quite daunting when faced with the prospect of writing a literary analysis essay for school. Don't worry, though!
This blog post will teach you everything you need to know about how these essays work. It includes the benefits of analyzing literature!
Stop being worried and learn to write a flawless essay from this guide.
What is a Literary Analysis Essay?
A literary essay carefully examines and analyzes a piece of literature to make it easy to understand. It breaks the subject into parts and analyzes each part separately.
According to a literary analysis essay definition:
“It is a type of essay that carefully evaluates a work of literature to understand it better.”
This essay closely studies a piece of text, interprets its meaning, and explores why the writer has made certain choices. The analysis could be of a movie, book, short story, novel, poem, play, or any other form of literature.
Fundamental Characteristics of a Literary Analysis Essay
There are four fundamental characteristics of a literary analysis essay.
1. The Elements
There are four main elements of a literary essay:
Plot: It is the pattern of events that make up a story.
Character: They are the people that play a role in the story.
Conflict: It is a dispute between two parties.
Setting: It is where the actions take place.
A literary analysis essay should include these elements because they make up the whole essay. Therefore, no element should be missing from the essay.
2. The Focus
The focus of this essay is on the literary devices, symbols, and metaphors of the literary work. It closely analyzes the symbols and metaphors of a literary work to interpret their meaning.
3. Literary Analysis Essay Structure
The basic structure of a literary essay is similar to other kinds of essays. It consists of an introduction, a body, and a conclusion.
4. Literary Analysis Essay Format
The essay format tells how the parts of the work are assembled. Usually, the MLA format is followed to write a good literary essay.
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Literary Analysis Essay Rubric
Literary Analysis Essay Outline
The outline helps in organizing the information in a proper structure. The outline structure for a literary analysis essay is as follow:
- Hook statement: Grab the reader’s attention with a strong hook statement.
- Background: Educate the reader about the topic.
- Thesis statement: Set the tone of the essay and tell your reader what they should expect.
- Topic sentence: Introduce a line of argument.
- Supporting evidence: Support the argument with facts and evidence.
- Transition statement: Move to the next argument.
- Revision: Restate the thesis statement.
- Summary: Summarize the whole analysis.
- Comment: Make a relevant comment about the literary work
How to Start a Literary Analysis Essay?
The purpose of a literary analysis essay is to analyze a literary work. Therefore, when you start writing a literary analysis essay, follow these prewriting steps to do a good analysis.
Choosing the Text to Analyze
The first and foremost thing is to choose the text that you want to analyze. It could be a book, novel, short story, movie, or any other literary text.
Reading the Text
Carefully read the text and try to understand what the reader wants to convey through the text. Pay attention to every little detail and make initial notes. Look for the surprising and confusing things in the writing; these are the things that you can dig into your analysis.
Identifying Literary Devices
The objective of a literary essay is not just simply explain but to examine the text on a deeper level. Therefore, identify the literary devices that the writer has used to convey his message and create effects.
- Coming Up With a Good Title To get started with the analysis, you need to select a suitable topic for your essay. This essay prompt could be simple, or you can be creative with it. For example, “How effective is the role of Shams in the forty rules of love?”
How to Write a Literary Analysis Essay?
When you write a literary essay, you need to remember that you are not writing a report or a summary. Instead, you are doing an argumentative analysis where you have to examine every perspective of the text.
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Here is the writing process of a literary analysis essay:
Literary Analysis Essay Introduction
The introduction tells the reader what your essay is all about. It provides a quick overview of the main argument. Here, you are supposed to introduce the text that you are going to analyze.
Start the introduction with a strong hook statement that grabs the reader’s attention immediately. Give a general idea about the author and the text and lead to the thesis statement.
Write a good thesis statement that indicates to the reader what’s coming up in the body section. A literary analysis essay thesis is a precisely worded declarative statement that tells the purpose of the essay.
Literary Analysis Essay Body
The body section is used for the development of the central idea of the essay. Usually, it consists of three paragraphs that support the thesis statement. It contains the explanation of the ideas and evidence from the text that support those ideas.
While writing the body, begin each paragraph with a topic sentence that presents a specific idea about the text. Support the topic sentence with facts, evidence, and logic that helps the reader understand the text. Each body paragraph’s substance includes summaries, explanations, quotations, and specific details that you need to support the topic sentence.
Literary Analysis Essay Conclusion
The conclusion paragraph should give a sense of completeness and let the reader know that he has come to an end. Don’t introduce any new ideas here; just wrap up the whole discussion.
Restate the thesis statement and summarize the main points of the essay. Finally, make a relevant comment about the work that you have analyzed.
Literary Analysis Essay Examples
Now you have a complete guide for writing a literary essay, check out the following example to get a clearer idea. These sample essays give you a deeper understanding of the essay structure.
Literary Analysis Essay Sample
Sample Literary Analysis Essay for Middle School
Sample Literary Analysis Essay for High School
Literary Analysis Essay Example for College
A Rose for Emily Literary Analysis Essay
The Great Gatsby Literary Analysis Essay
To Kill a Mockingbird Literary Analysis Essay
The Story of an Hour Literary Analysis Essay
Literary Analysis Essay Topics
Here are some amazing literary analysis essay prompts for your help:
- Analyze ‘10 minutes and 38 seconds in this strange world’ main character
- Analyze the historical context of ‘War and Peace.’
- Analyze ‘A tale of two cities’ main ideas
- Fate and love in ‘Romeo and Juliet’
- Women and misogyny in ‘Hamlet.’
- Analyze ‘Into the Wild’ themes
- What message does Elie Wiesel convey in ‘Night.’
- Analyze the evidence provided in ‘The History of the Decline: And Fall of the Roman Empire.’
- Analyze the narrative presented by J. M. Coetzee in ‘Waiting for the Barbarians’
- Evaluate the mood of ‘Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad
A good way to approach this essay is to summarize the text’s main argument and stress the conclusion. If you find any difficulty in doing the analysis, hire an expert essay writer .
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Frequently Asked Questions
What should a literary analysis essay include.
A good literary analysis essay should include an explanation of your idea and evidence from the text that supports it. Textual evidence is when you talk about what happened in the story, summarize it, or give specific details. You can also quote the author.
What should be the tone of the literary analysis essay?
The tone of an essay is the attitude of the writer. In a literary analysis essay, a writer can be direct by stating his opinion, or indirect, by using words that have a certain feeling.
How many types of literary analysis are there?
There are six types of literary analysis, which are:
- Cultural Analysis
- Feminist Analysis
- Historical Analysis
- New Criticism Analysis
- Psychological Analysis
- Reader Response Analysis
What are the seven literary standards?
Literary standards are very important to determine whether the work done is literary or not. Following are the seven essential standards:
- intellectual value
- spiritual value
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What Is Literature? Free Essay Example
What is literature, find me at social media, about the author: hasa, origin and development of english essay, tips on how to make your essay a great essay:, descriptive essays, register to view this lesson, literary analysis essay outline.
- Essay in The Restoration Age 1660
Writing a literature review is fairly complex than writing an essay. This is the main difference between literature review and essay. Usually, economic essays begin either with a thesis, or a topic. It can be written in a narrative or descriptive form, and sometimes it turns into a kind https://commstogo.com.au/essay/custom-writing-service-to-trust/ of argumentative essay. It also may be a little narrative, in case the author wants to make his or her work easier to understand. The author’s goal is to explain a certain economic phenomenon and analyze it. Just like many other types of essays, this one ends with a conclusion.
They sometimes begin with a short summary analysis of what has previously been written on a topic, which is often called a literature review. We already mentioned Michel de Montaigne, whose Essais were published in more than 100 copies during the 1500s. In England, the essay genre was represented professional essay editor by Sir Thomas Browne and Robert Burton. Italian writer Baldassare Castiglione wrote his Il Cortigiano, an essay about manners. Another essayist of the 17th century was Baltasar Gracián. With the advent of the Age of Enlightenment, this genre gained popularity among polemicists.
It evaluates and tests the writing skills of a writer, and organizes his or her thinking to respond personally or critically to an issue. Through an essay, a writer presents his argument in a write my college essays more sophisticated manner. In addition, it encourages students to develop concepts and skills, such as analysis, comparison and contrast, clarity, exposition, conciseness, and persuasion.
How does it relate to the overall theme of what the analysis? Make emphasis on the ways in which these elements bestow to the entire quality of the book. Emphasize one major point per paragraph in this section. Do more reading and analyze different http://www.wodkat.nl/essay/reaction-paper-writing-service-from-qualified/ factors in your literary analysis. Argue on a character’s development, for example how the individual changes from the beginning to the end of the book. Center core on a character’s fatal flaw and query or question the person’s mistakes.
The purpose of the persuasive essay is to provide the audience with a 360-view on the concept idea or certain topic – to persuade the reader to adopt a certain viewpoint. The viewpoints can range widely from why visiting the dentist is important to why dogs make the best pets to why blue is the best color.
- Steele was more inventive than Addison and Addison was more effective than Steele.
- It is a tool that is used to present writer’s ideas in a non-fictional way.
- Both the essay and the short story are written keeping in mind a definite aim and purpose and when it is fulfilled, they are finished.
- One chapter of a long philosophical or literary treatise cannot be called an essay, as a chapter of a novel cannot be called a short story.
An essay doesn’t just give information about a subject; it supports a statement, a claim. While writers will sometimes refer to book-length texts as “essays,” the term usually refers to short pieces that might be published in a magazine or newspaper. Some students prefer not to write such essays, but to buy pre-written, or custom essays. There are a lot of so-called “paper mills” on the internet, assignment makers which are ghostwriting services of different kinds. Some services may provide texts of low quality, which are usually characterized by plagiarism. This is a reason why universities use various plagiarism checkers, analyzing works and comparing them with a database. Sometimes students may also answer questions about their essays, to show that they really know what their papers are about.
Each of the statements, presented in the essay needs to be supported with several examples. Illustration essay helps the author to connect with his audience by breaking the barriers with real-life examples – clear and indisputable.
JSTOR provides access to more than 12 million academic journal articles, books, and primary sources in 75 disciplines. A digital library of academic journals, books, and primary sources covering arts, education, sciences, social sciences, and humanities. This database brings together academic articles, audio, videos, opinion essays and primary sources about contemporary controversies and hot topics. Reference eBooks covering topics in literature, history, science and health, biographies, careers. Thus we see that the Essay, unknown by name up to the sixteenth century in England, has been developed brilliantly and on various lines by the writers of the succeeding generations. Let us hope and look for a brighter future for this genre of literary composition.
According to Oxford English Dictionary, Ben Johnson was the first author who used the word “essay” in English. As you know from above, we are learning how to write literary essays. 🙂 In addition to writing, we have started a WebQuest in science.
Britannica Explains In these videos, Britannica explains a variety of topics and answers frequently asked questions. Use the Library Catalog to locate physical books on your term or topic. Descriptions, definitions, infographics of relevant statistics, news and histories cover all aspects of pay for assignment most topics. These definitions are too vague and narrow to cover essays like Locke’s Essay Concerning Human Understanding. We have essays in verse also such as Essay on Criticism, Essay on Man of Alexander Pope. He wrote his doctoral thesis on the literature of the English romantic movement.
The bibliography also helps readers evaluate to what extent the argument is supported by evidence and to evaluate the quality of that evidence. The academic essay tests the student’s ability to present their thoughts in an organized way and is designed to test their intellectual capabilities. Compare and contrast essays are characterized by a basis for comparison, points of comparison, and analogies. The comparison highlights the similarities between two or more similar objects while contrasting highlights the differences between two or more objects. The defining features of a “cause and effect” essay are causal chains that connect from a cause to an effect, careful language, and chronological or emphatic order. However, by the mid-19th century, the Causeries du lundi, newspaper columns by the critic Sainte-Beuve, are literary essays in the original sense. Other French writers followed suit, including Théophile Gautier, Anatole France, Jules Lemaître and Émile Faguet.
They should share the title of the text and the name of its writer. They might briefly outline the plot and problems of the manuscript. They might focus the readers’ attention on the main points of their essay — language, characters, or conflicts. One type of formal essay is the illustration or exemplification essay. In this kind of formal essay, you will illustrate a fact through examples. For instance, you could write an illustration essay that focuses on how stress affects students.
An essay is a short piece writing, either formal or informal, which expresses the author’s argument about a particular subject. Note that while a formal essay has a more detached tone, it can also represent the author’s personal opinions and be written from the author’s point of view. Essays are shorter than a thesis or dissertation, and thus deal with the matter definition of essay in literature at hand in a limited way. Essays can deal with many different themes, such as analysis of a text, political opinions, scientific ideas, abstract concepts, fragments of autobiography, and so on. An essay has particular elements and a particular form because it serves a specific purpose. Keeping this in mind, consider what an essay is and what it does.
There is no hint as to which of the approaches essayed in this book will prove most useful. Attempt, try, endeavor, essay, strive mean to make an effort to accomplish an end.
In the 17th century, the Spanish Jesuit Baltasar Gracián wrote about the theme of wisdom. In some countries (e.g., the United States and Canada), essays have become a major part of formal education. A definition essay is a short piece of writing that explains what a term or concept means.
Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed. This is the first sentence, and it expresses the main idea of the paragraph.
Let’s say you’re working on a descriptive essay about your brother’s room. That strategy will allow you to limit the number of choices and pick something you like. Because of the word count limit, your topic cannot be extensive and should focus on one aspect of the subject.
- Introduction – provides context for the reader and gives an argument in the form of a thesis statement.
- Sir George Harrington and George Chapman in their prefaces developed the critical essay.
- A film essay is a movie that often incorporates documentary filmmaking styles and focuses more on the evolution of a theme or idea.
Relatore Mario Vernazza
Mario Vernazza si è laureato in Economia Aziendale all’Unversità Bocconi ed è laureato in Applied Sport & Performance Psychology a Holy Names University di Oakland.Nel 2023 sarà il primo Certified Mental Performance Coach (CMPC) Italiano operante in Italia, che è la certificazione riconosciuta dall’Association of Applied Sport Psychology (AASP), l’associazione degli psicologi dello sport americani.Mario è co-fondatore e partner di Celtic Asset Management, che è il partner operativo di un fondo americano di private equity e di un fondo di private debt americano che investono in Italia in Real Estate e Distressed Debt.Mario ha circa 20 anni di esperienza negli investimenti real estate, lavorando con fondi di investimento internazionali operanti in Italia.
In parallelo al suo business nel real estate asset management, Mario ha lavorato e/o lavora come mental skills coach di: · 2 squadre di pallacanestro professionistiche, una di Serie A e l’altra di Serie A2 · La squadra nazionale professionistica di uno sport individuale · Un atleta olimpico, due triatleti professionisti e alcuni triatleti IRONMAN · Una runner professionista · Molteplici giocatori di golf, tennis e runners non profesionisti
Mario lavora anche su base individuale con CEOs e Top Management (CFOs, COOs) di aziende, per lo sviluppo della loro leadership e della loro carriera.
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How To Write A Literary Essay
What is a literary essay.
A literary essay is a type of writing in which the author examines and evaluates a piece of literature. This can include novels, short stories, plays, poems, or any other type of literary work. The essay typically includes an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion, and it may focus on a specific aspect of the literature, such as the characters, themes, or symbolism.
In this section, we’ll break it down into some key considerations, beginning with tips on how to analyse examples of literary essays.
Start with examples of literary essays
Review your instructions.
Also, you will understand what formatting style you need to use when writing your essay. Manuals tend to provide recommendations on structuring and plotting your essay. Plus, it’ll also tell you that all-important deadline.
Read the reviewed piece over and over
Research the topic thoroughly.
Collect information about the piece and read book reviews from other authors who have already reviewed it.
Outline your paper
Creating a good structure for your paper is crucial to make it readable and logically arranged. You must include at least three elements in a literary essay: an introduction, the body, and the conclusion.
Finish with editing
The proofreading and editing stage is crucial because it will help you define your paper’s weaknesses and reduce them. Here are 10 quick tips for editing an essay:
Other Tips On Writing A Literary Essay
Learn more about creative writing and essays, share this:, leave a reply cancel reply.
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In a Grove - Literary Analysis Essay
In the short story "In a Grove," a samurai was killed, and most of the people were involved in providing testimony of what happened that day. Hibbett is engaged in the analysis of the writings by arguing that "...What he did was to question the values existing in the society, dramatize the complexities of human psychology (Hibbett 14)." Akutagawa finds it challenging to differentiate between reality and illusion because each of the characters used to give confessions of things that do not match each other. The stories do not match, showing that there was a motivation to lie demonstrated by the different people in the story.
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Tajomaru's lies were sparked by his desire to satisfy his ego. The possible lies were the thoughts he had regarding Masago. Any move he took was meant to fulfill his desires. One of the potential lies came when Masago wanted to be killed because another person had seen her shame. According to the short story, "She gasped out that she wanted to be the wife of whichever survived (Akutagawa 23)." The possible like was crucial in motivating Tajomaru to eliminate the closest enemy who could take over Masago. The only thing that was standing between him and Masago was her husband. By killing the husband, it would have made it easy for Tajomaru to get Masago. Tajomaru indicated that he loved Masago by saying that "... I wanted to make her my wife; this wasn't only lust, as you may think (Akutagawa 24)." It was apparent Tajomaru did not wish to make Masago his wife because he raped her at first. He is only trying to cover up to satisfy his big ego. Tajomaru faced an opponent who demonstrated confidence and a lot of strength, but he wanted to show his ego and how powerful he was. Most of his confessions were filled with motives of possible lies to satisfy his ego by revealing he was not interested in raping or beating any woman.
The woman's confessions showed that she had reasons behind covering up for the murder. She referred to a situation when her husband was tied up by saying, "...the flash in his eyes was neither anger nor sorrow "...struck by the look in his eyes than by the blow of the thief" (Akutagawa 25)." She was trying to portray her husband as someone full of hate, and she was one of the victims of hatred. She makes the husband look bad by describing she did nothing wrong. The confession makes people have more sympathy for her. Another possible detail that seems to have been twisted by the woman is how her husband died at last. She expressed herself by saying, "... despising me, his look said only, 'kill me (Akutagawa 26)." The passage shows how committed the woman was to her husband, making other people have sympathy for her because of the problems she faced. The woman changed the perceptions of the people completely to align with her own at last when she said, "... I tried to kill myself in many ways, I am still living in dishonor (Akutagawa 27)." If she had killed herself according to the culture of that time, she would have regained her honor. By lamenting that she attempted to commit murder was a sign of improving her appearance and recognition from different people. The woman confessed all that at the temple because she only wanted a place to stay after her husband died.
In the testimony presented, at last, it was clear that the dead samurai had intentions of lying. The samurai remembered what happened deep in the forest, and it was claimed that Tajomaru was trying to seduce his wife. According to the story, "...Then take me away with you wherever you go.' This is not the whole of her sin (Akutagawa 29)." The whole essence of the two being engaged in a trip was to protect her on their journey. He was trying to blame everyone and distracting them because he had failed to protect his wife. The samurai's wife tried to encourage Tajomaru to kill him, a fact which makes him say, "... has such a hateful thing come out of a human mouth ever before? (Akutagawa 29)." He brings up issues related to the betrayal of his wife, but deep inside, he was trying to cover up his failures to protect her from Tajomaru. The woman and Tajomaru ran into the forest, and the samurai said, "... In front of me, there was shining the small sword which my wife dropped. I took it up and stabbed it into my breast (Akutagawa 30)." The samurai was trying to imply that he was the one who ended his own life to regain his honor, just like his wife did. The samurai lied to make his wife look bad to retain his reputation even though he failed as a husband.
The three main characters told lies through their confessions, thickening the line between illusion and reality. The authors writing style is not easy to understand because the arguments of the main characters are against one another. Hibbett expounded on the confusion created in the story. The quote is quite significant because the only image that is seen when someone looks into the mirror is oneself. After reading the story, most people are left thinking about the motives of lying and understanding how lies start.
Akutagawa, Ryunosuke. Rashomon and Other Stories. Liveright Publishing Corporation, 1952.
Hibbett, Howard. Introduction. Rashomon and Other Stories, by RyunosukeAkutagawa, Liveright Publishing Corporation, 1952.
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What is a Literary Essay?
In order to write a literary essay, you need to know what to expect from it. In this article, you will learn what the main parts of a literary essay are and how visit the website to begin writing one. You may not know how to begin writing a literary analysis, but it’s easy if you follow the instructions given by the instructors. To begin, brainstorm some ideas and write down them. After that, you can start to create an outline and write your literary essay.
There are four main parts of a literary essay. These parts are the introduction, the body, and the conclusion see this . A literary essay is a piece of writing that has a main idea and a broader scope. It can be about a specific topic or even about the writer’s own life. It is important to note that literary essays vary in length, but they typically have three major other components. A literary essay can include several different parts.
An essay is an analysis of a work of literature. The main goal of a literary essay is to make an argument regarding the work as a whole. Unlike other essays, the argumentation must be strong. A writer should only use the author’s own words to support his or her ideas, and should avoid colloquial terms and expressions. An effective introduction his response can make or break a literary essay. The next step is writing a proper conclusion.
Once you have decided to write a literary essay, you will need to figure out a proper format for it. A typical literary essay will have an introduction, but this paragraph does not need to be long. You should start your essay with an introduction read this article that explains what the essay is all about. It should include a summary of the book’s overall importance. In a similar vein, you should also make a strong case for your thesis statement.
In a literary essay, you can discuss any subject. The argumentation will not be repetitive. Each idea must be discussed at length and supported concisely. The main goal of a literary essay is to make a reader believe what the author has to say. Generally, it should not contain any ambiguity. It should be based on evidence and should be logical. It should be easy to understand. The structure of the paper will be different for every work of literature great site .
A literary essay can vary greatly in style and complexity, and should always be written in a structured manner. The purpose of a literary essay is to analyze literature. It should be descriptive and analyze the click to read character, setting, and plot of a work. Moreover, a literary essay should also include its significance in the world. If a piece of literature is important to you, make sure it has a good impact on the reader.
What Is Literature Essay
Peer pressure and loneliness in mary shelley's frankenstein.
Literature is used in writings to comment on moral, ethical, and political issues of their time. However some of those issues can still be seen today in modern time. Authors like Shakespeare and Shelley use literature elements to make social commentaries on significant issues like peer pressure, child abandonment, and loneliness.
Literature And Literature: The Importance Of Literature
For many people, literature is just some story created in the minds of authors to provide enjoyment for readers. Others think literature is just ineffectual words on a page that won’t help them deal with life in any way. However, they are wrong. While literature is indeed stories created by authors, it has the power to galvanize many people; it can help people gain self-esteem, overcome hardships, and inspire them to become better. Literature is different from all other texts, and reading a variety of them gives people a refuge, education, and inspiration.
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Critic Roland Barthes has said, “Literature is the question minus the answer.” Choose a novel or play and, or considering Barthes’ observation, write an essay in which you analyze a central question the work raises and the extent to which it offers any answers. Explain how the author’s treatment of this question affects your understanding of the work as a whole.
Ap English Literature Essay
The debate of what literature is or how it should be defined is an ongoing battle even today. Many have expressed that literature should be well-written, worthy of study, and also stand the test of time, despite most of this criteria catering towards classical literature written by wealthy white men, while others believe this is all too subjective to work fairly. I personally believe that literature is at least three of the following: An embodiment of the human experience, a reflection of cultural perspective, and the relationship between author and reader.
How To Read Literature Like A Professor Chapter 1 Summary
-Literature is something that can't be original, all literature is usually inspired by some other literature that existed prior to the current piece of literature.
Truman Capote's In Cold Blood
Literature, the dictionary defines it being the art of written works that is simultaneously designed to entertain, educate and instruct its audience; writers, using their skill of telling stories, use literature in an attempt to transfer their ideas from paper to the reader; for some, this task means bringing their story to a different place and time that is entirely separate from what the could be perceive as ordinary, on order to serve the writer’s intent. With this, the impossible, becomes the probable, and the worst fear imagined becomes the breathed reality; with no separation between the truth, and fiction. The word “literature” in itself cannot be accurately defined, and by attempting to do so, it limits the word not only in its
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Literature comes in all forms; its basically everything around us. Movies, books, newspaper, songs, posters, magazines, these are examples of literature. Like the many forms of literature, it also has many purposes; literature is used as a source of entertainment, it in forms people, and it also enlightens them with knowledge. Ever since we entered school, we have constantly been questioned, asked to reflect upon what we read and to analysis what we read, watch and see. All we have been doing since day one had been analysing literature. Don’t you think there must be a reason for all these years of analysing everything? I’ve finally come to the conclusion that all those years of analysing was to prove to us the power of literature. To some extent literature has the power to refute and/or reinforce our prejudice and bias. Literature is able to do this because it is able to open us to the different social and cultural standing around the world, we can always connect with literature, it comes in many forms and it’s composed of facts.
Literature is important to allow readers to escape reality within the pages of a book, and also to preserve the past by reading about personal experiences and understanding the norms of different time periods. It is beneficial to provide a new world for the reader, but it shows our history and how it has changed over the years. Many fiction writers hint at real-world experiences or topics and it is up to the reader to interpret the theme of the literature. Authors write to preserve our past and to show a common theme as well as open the door to allow the reader to delve into the words on the page.
The Importance Of Dystopian Literature
Indeed, the best works of literature are those which are of relevance to our lives today. Through their relevance, these novels continue to persist and endure on. Through their relevance, we can better comprehend the messages, the themes, and the ideas that are imbued in them. Rather than literature being contradictory and in conflict with the truth and unpleasant reality of daily life, it becomes a weapon through which we can be educated about the existential crises facing our world today. In fact, the statement above could not be more far and distant from the reality of literature today. It is fatally flawed. Literature, whilst at the surface, seems whimsical and amusing is, at its very core, a medium through which we are enlightened
Iktomi And Origin Of The Sun Shower
Literatures work has always played an important role in our society throughout the history. Each works serves with different purposes and provide the readers with great benefits. It does not only give the audience enjoyments from the works, but it is also another way to teach the others in many different ways. Most work from the Native Americans that we learned from the lecture are to teach and persuade other people of strong values of life, such as “Iktomi and the Dancing Duck” and “Origin of the Sun Shower.” Literature is one of the most important ways to preserve wide range of knowledge and to pass down to each generation, which can also help the audience understand different things from the past. There are many literature works that were
Summary Of Why Literature Matters By Dana Gioia
Some topics are more interesting to read than others. In an article called ‘Why Literature Matters’ written by Dana Gioia, this article can be viewed as highly persuasive because of the techniques he uses to get his points across to the audience .Gioia is able to build arguments though his use of evidence and different literary techniques.
The Road Not Taken, by Robert Frost and A Worn Path, by Eudora Welty
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Throughout this course, I have discovered that literature is more than just words being brought together by an author to form an emotionally charged story. Literature provides an engaging outlet into an imaginary realm to its audience. As the reader is captivated by the story, poem or play, a, emotional connection is established.
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Literature is an autonomous verbal art, independent from the context. A novel is “a fictitious prose narrative of considerable length and complexity,portraying characters and
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Oral Traditions and Songs Essay
Some may say that without a written language, literature cannot exist. However, to deny the oral traditions and songs of cultures prior to the existence of their written languages would deny the world some of the earliest literature of humankind. Whether passed down through oral or written means, literature consists of all stories, songs, and poetry every generation loves, inspires, and passes on.
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Literature Essay Writing Help
Get online help from our masters and phd qualified experts, literature essay.
If you are a literature student or not, your professor might ask you to write a review on different aspects of a book, poem, novel, or any other things. A literature essay is different from summarizing or paraphrasing anything. In this, you critically analyze the literature work.
What is a Literature essay?
A literature essay is a type of academic writing, in which you critically analyze different aspects of a literary piece of work.
If you are a literature student, your professor more often gives you the assignment to write a literature essay. But the problem starts when he did not tell you how to write. Don’t worry; Assignment Studio provides you the best writer to help you.
Steps for writing a literature essay
You can write a literature essay by following the different steps.
Step 1: Understand the purpose of literary analysis
When you write a literary essay, different questions arise to the mind. Why should we write it? What is the purpose of writing it? The main purpose of writing is to evaluate any piece of literary work. It is to analyze how an author portrays characters, builds a plot, and manifests themes through characters.
Step 2 Understand the format
After finding the purpose behind your essay, read the piece of literature and observed the format of an essay.
Content of a literature Essay
In a literature essay, there is no specific paragraph to write it. If you write a literature essay about a poem, the format is different from writing about novels or dramas. But there are few aspects, which are common in all of these.
- Literary genre
- Character Analysis
- Plot structure
- Analysis theme
- Use of symbols
- Analysis of structure and writing style.
If you have a problem with understanding the content of the literature essay and you need an expert guide, then feel free to contact Assignment Studio.
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Step 3 Outlines.
After understanding the format of an essay, outline the main points. Like another academic essay, a literature essay also has three parts; an introduction, body, and conclusion. You should write on all aspects of writing and never miss any point related to your topic.
Step 4: Write
Now, start elaborated on the outline that you make of the literature essay.
Start with a sentence that grabs the reader’s attention. Start with a quote related to your topic. Then write a few sentences related to this quote. Add a few points related to the background and genre of the literature piece. End the introduction with thesis statements.
If you write a good introduction, it is easy for you to write a whole essay.
Start body paragraph with a topic sentence. Then briefly introduce your topic. Develop different arguments to support your thesis sentence. Develop your idea coherently and present it in a virtuous way. Also, use different transition words, to link all the paragraphs.
Start conclusion with a topic sentence. In place of summarizing, the whole work, synthases the arguments. Do not introduce new ideas in the conclusion. In the introduction, you write with the importance of your work, also end it with related pieces of information. Describe the whole work in a few sentences that represent an overview of the essay.
You should give a new idea to the related piece of literature, but avoid adding irrelevant information.
Step 5 Edit
When you have completed your essay, then revise it for proofreading. Carefully read the whole essay and check that if there is any mistake in the essay. Also, cross-check all aspects of your writing. Check that your arguments are valid and support your thesis statement. Furthermore, examine all the content related to the literature essay is added in an essay.
Three Challenges to literature essay writing
These three challenges that you faced during writing a literature essay.
Reading and Analyzing Processes
You often read books as a hobby. But, read the book to analyze it is a different one. During this type of reading, you have to focus on different aspects of writing and observed and write on every aspect of writing.
Gathering of require information
The next challenge is to gather all related information. Underline the related information or use different colors to separate different aspects.
Write literary analysis by yourself.
After reading, analyzing, and gathering information, the last challenge is to write it. Use proper words, support with related argument, and end it providing evidence, to complete your task.
Here, only three challenges are discussed. You may also find certain obstacles while writing it. Just keep confidence in yourself and find the related issues.
You can write a literature essay by learning about it. But still, if you have some misperception in your mind, you can contact our writer. We have expert writers at Assignment studio that help you to create an outstanding essay.
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essay , an analytic , interpretative, or critical literary composition usually much shorter and less systematic and formal than a dissertation or thesis and usually dealing with its subject from a limited and often personal point of view.
Some early treatises—such as those of Cicero on the pleasantness of old age or on the art of “divination,” Seneca on anger or clemency , and Plutarch on the passing of oracles—presage to a certain degree the form and tone of the essay, but not until the late 16th century was the flexible and deliberately nonchalant and versatile form of the essay perfected by the French writer Michel de Montaigne . Choosing the name essai to emphasize that his compositions were attempts or endeavours, a groping toward the expression of his personal thoughts and experiences, Montaigne used the essay as a means of self-discovery. His Essais , published in their final form in 1588, are still considered among the finest of their kind. Later writers who most nearly recall the charm of Montaigne include, in England, Robert Burton , though his whimsicality is more erudite , Sir Thomas Browne , and Laurence Sterne , and in France, with more self-consciousness and pose, André Gide and Jean Cocteau .
At the beginning of the 17th century, social manners, the cultivation of politeness, and the training of an accomplished gentleman became the theme of many essayists. This theme was first exploited by the Italian Baldassare Castiglione in his Il libro del cortegiano (1528; The Book of the Courtier ). The influence of the essay and of genres allied to it, such as maxims, portraits, and sketches, proved second to none in molding the behavior of the cultured classes, first in Italy, then in France, and, through French influence, in most of Europe in the 17th century. Among those who pursued this theme was the 17th-century Spanish Jesuit Baltasar Gracián in his essays on the art of worldly wisdom.
Keener political awareness in the 18th century, the age of Enlightenment , made the essay an all-important vehicle for the criticism of society and religion. Because of its flexibility, its brevity , and its potential both for ambiguity and for allusions to current events and conditions, it was an ideal tool for philosophical reformers. The Federalist Papers in America and the tracts of the French Revolutionaries are among the countless examples of attempts during this period to improve the human condition through the essay.
The genre also became the favoured tool of traditionalists of the 18th and 19th centuries, such as Edmund Burke and Samuel Taylor Coleridge , who looked to the short, provocative essay as the most potent means of educating the masses. Essays such as Paul Elmer More’s long series of Shelburne Essays (published between 1904 and 1935), T.S. Eliot ’s After Strange Gods (1934) and Notes Towards the Definition of Culture (1948), and others that attempted to reinterpret and redefine culture , established the genre as the most fitting to express the genteel tradition at odds with the democracy of the new world.
Whereas in several countries the essay became the chosen vehicle of literary and social criticism, in other countries the genre became semipolitical, earnestly nationalistic, and often polemical, playful, or bitter. Essayists such as Robert Louis Stevenson and Willa Cather wrote with grace on several lighter subjects, and many writers—including Virginia Woolf , Edmund Wilson , and Charles du Bos —mastered the essay as a form of literary criticism .
What is a literary essay. "What is Literature?" and Other Essays — Jean 2022-11-05
A literary essay is a written piece of work that critically analyzes a specific literary work or piece of literature. It could be a novel, a short story, a poem, or a play. The purpose of a literary essay is to examine the various elements of a work of literature, including the plot, characters, setting, themes, and symbols, and to evaluate their significance and how they contribute to the overall meaning of the work.
The process of writing a literary essay begins with closely reading and analyzing the text, taking notes and identifying key passages that support your thesis. A strong literary essay will have a clear and concise thesis statement that summarizes the main points and arguments of the essay. It will also include evidence from the text to support your arguments and analysis.
In a literary essay, it is important to use specific examples from the text to support your analysis. This might involve quoting passages from the text or discussing specific characters or events in detail. It is also important to consider the context of the work, including the historical, social, and cultural influences that may have shaped the author's perspective and influenced the themes and ideas presented in the work.
One key element of a literary essay is the use of literary devices and techniques, such as symbolism, imagery, and figurative language. These devices are used by the author to convey meaning and to enhance the overall impact of the work. In a literary essay, it is important to consider how these devices contribute to the overall meaning and themes of the work.
Overall, a literary essay is a detailed and critical analysis of a specific literary work. It requires close reading and analysis of the text, as well as the ability to articulate and support a clear and well-reasoned thesis. By examining the various elements of a work of literature and evaluating their significance, a literary essay helps to deepen our understanding and appreciation of the work as a whole.
How to Write a Literary Analysis Essay [Step By Step]
These essays are commonly assigned to explore a controversial issue. Everything that you write in your essay should relate to this thesis and confirm it. The module concludes with a performance task at the end of Unit 3 to synthesize their understanding of what they accomplished through supported, standards-based writing. For teachers, this process informs instruction and planning; for students, it promotes critical thinking, creativity and craftsmanship. A literary analysis essay is an important kind of essay that focuses on the detailed analysis of the work of literature.
How to Set a Grading Rubric for Literary Essays
One can ask themselves questions about what kind of feedback to give, how to point out the expectations for the literary essay, if all the tasks related to the essay are equally important, and even how the said person wants to evaluate the literary essay. Instead, you are doing an argumentative analysis where you have to examine every perspective of the text. In such situations, rephrasing or summarizing parts of the literature is the right thing to do. As a professional provider of custom writing, our service has helped thousands of customers to turn in essays in various forms and disciplines. I believe that the What Does Literature Mean To Be Human? I see that information right here on my note-catcher. Parts of a literary essay One of the greatest qualities of a literary essay is to be a free, indicative and suggestive document. What is the most important point to include in a grading rubric for a literary essay? It can also be used to teach us about morality, sociology, and other important topics.
How to Write a Literary Analysis Essay
You should visit the Note that while writing your conclusion, you do not need to discuss any disputes or points you did not discuss previously in your analysis. The digital text Surely these are very used to what? Good scores or grades may help them get motivated to work better next time. Provide students reasonable choice around what they do during the break e. For this reason, it uses a language that seeks to be understood by the greatest number of people. Celebrate students who meet their writing goals, whether it is length of the text or sustained writing time.
Literary Analysis Essay: Definition, Outline, and Examples
If students aren't sure what these words mean, invite them to use a dictionary to identify the meaning. They are Holistic, Analytical, Generic and Task-specific. When analyzing the play, you can revise the whole plot and describe its analysis or, for example, study the main tragic hero, his shortcomings or advantages that will be visible in his development along with the text. You can write a literature essay by learning about it. It should be based on evidence and should be logical. Additionally, you must interpret every clause you state in the essay and state the reasons you chose to use them. The literature review is important because it gives you a shorter version of all relevant literature on the topic chosen, this is so the reader does not have to access the number of literatures used Aveyard, 2010.
What is a Literary Essay?
These sample essays give you a deeper understanding of the essay structure. Do not introduce new ideas in the conclusion. Is it expository, argumentative, etc? The form that is given to the message that is wanted to transmit, as well as to its content has special relevance. Descriptive essays rely heavily on detail and the paragraphs can be organized by sense. With this interjection, Hogg emphasizes the fatal influence Gil-Martin exercises from his first appearance. Thus, one of the major criteria to include in the rubric is to instruct the student to check the facts. Leanne is one of the most experienced writers on our platform and holds a Ph.
Tips and Tricks on Writing Literary Analysis Essay
The tone of the text is also worth considering. Internal structures that a literary essay can have Thanks to the freedom offered by itself a literary essay, its internal structure can be arranged in various ways. Develop your idea coherently and present it in a virtuous way. Thorough Revision A thorough revision needs to be done to see if the whole thing has not been too much convoluted with requirements. Determine the Criteria This step is crucial for making the student understand what points are necessary to include with the objective of learning the said subject. People frequently believe that literature is one thing when, in reality, it comprises many components that we all employ in our daily lives. Literature allows us to see the world from a different perspective.
The Essay in Art Several other artistic mediums have adopted the essay as a means of communicating with their audience. Ideally, the reader would be inclined to accept your idea correctly and be on your side. Writing an introduction for a literary analysis essay gives an instant outline of the areas your argument is concentrated on. All these rubrics have their unique purposes. Reviewing Learning Target 5 minutes 2. This basic structure will be followed for all informative tasks students write this year.
What is a Literature essay? Steps to writing a literature essay
Your thesis should be something arguable—that is, something that you think is true about the text, but which is not a simple matter of fact. It consists of an introduction, a body, and a conclusion. Consider using the Independent Reading: Sample Plan if you do not have your own independent reading review routines. An example of this is philosophical literary essay Nicholas Machiavelli There are specific essays on philosophical topics. In general, it seeks to be brief to give way to the content.
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How To Write A Literary Essay?
An essay is a literary genre where the author can analyze, interpret or criticize a certain topic precisely and briefly. Generally, it only presents a single point of view, and therefore it has a structure that is already determined and very clear.
All universities usually require this type of task, but they can also be very useful when the time comes when you have to study. This is because you can express your ideas about the subject and also be able to discuss notions from the point of view you have.
With all this, you will be able to show the teacher that you are interested in the subject and that you have a good opinion that is formed around it. This can also be a good way to practice for a written midterm or an exam.
Tips for writing a literary essay
1. choose an interesting topic.
It is of utmost importance that the topic is relevant. You can opt for the topics that are currently being discussed. There you can think about the target audience; we are referring to the audience to which the essay will be addressed. It is vital that you gather information from international and local media as well, all this so that you can get to know the topic in depth.
You can also choose to visit different websites, and you have to take note of everything you are learning and the sources to visit in case you want to consult them again. You have to remember that the ideas that you are going to develop must always have good support in the documentation and if you quote something, you must put quotation marks, as well as the footnote.
2. Write down the fundamental points
As you go deeper into the subject and go through the different portals or consult the bibliographies that are indicated, you will get some arguments that you cannot disregard and that has to be included in the text. So that you don’t forget them, you have to make sure that you make a list that is ordered by the points that are considered to be the most important, and in this way, you can include them in your essay.
3. Consider the structure
When the time comes that you have your notes ready, you have to determine the structure that you are going to use. The best tip to be able to write it in a better way is to divide it into two parts. Generally, what is done is to place an introduction, a development, and at the end, the conclusion.
In the first part, the subject matter, the text’s organization, and the research’s purpose should be made known. In the development or body, the information mentioned in the introduction is expanded but with solid arguments.
In the end, in conclusion, you can review the ideas that are considered the main ones or illustrate the author’s opinion on the subject. It is important not to forget that we are talking about an academic paper, which means that it must contain a formal tone, which is why sarcasm and humor must be avoided, as well as colloquial vocabulary.
4. Write a draft
Before writing a paper, the first thing to do is to make a draft. That is why in the essay, there are ideas and structure, and that is why before you start writing, you have to be clear about what you want to include. The outline in the form of a rough draft can be considered a very good idea.
5. Reread the final version and correct it
It is important that before submitting any work, you have to review it. Don’t forget to read it carefully to be able to get some mistakes that have to do with typography, syntax, or spelling.
6. Characteristics of literary essay
There are different types of essays, and there is the academic essay or the critical essay; the literary essay is considered to be freer and more personal in terms of writing. We are talking about the fact that it does not have many strict rules, but in the end, it must have a clear order with the theme of the ideas that have to be exposed. We are talking about a text that is written in prose, and that is where the analysis of a specific topic is shown with the creative use of language and literary resources. Next, we are going to talk about the main characteristics of the literary essay:
- It is subjective: as we are talking about something that is written from the author’s point of view about the one he is interested in, in a few words, the opinion that is based on reflections, research, and personal experiences.
- It must be written in prose.
- It is free: the author has the possibility to write about any subject, they can be personal or public. We are talking about topics of technology, science, philosophy, history, personal experiences, etc.
- It is the result of a reflective analysis: the author has to do research in order to be able to argue all the opinions he/she is going to express in the text. Unlike the other types of essays, argumentation does not have to be strict, and it can be the result of reflective analysis.
- It hierarchies the ideas: the literary essay can show in an organized way the ideas that will be woven among others.
- It is inductive: at the beginning, an inductive analysis can be made in order to present the topic to be dealt with; in short, facts can be observed, analyzed, and classified.
- It is deductive: after the topic is developed, a deductive analysis has to be made. What we mean by this is that it is going to be evaluated, ideas are going to be evaluated, analyses are going to be made, and in this way, the topic is going to be interpreted in order to draw conclusions at the end.
- Use formal language: the essay must have fineness in terms of the writing subject, offering a good literary component. That is why it is necessary to take care of the language, and in this way, it is also done creatively to offer great beauty to the text.
- It is not built with defined or pre-established rules: in the essay, the author has the possibility of being able to express all his ideas and thus be able to express his opinions without having to worry because the writing has a very rigid structure.
- It consists of three parts: it must have an introduction, development, and the respective conclusions or the author’s opinion.
- The literary essay is a brief piece of writing: it expresses ideas and research on a specific topic, but the truth is that it is done in a more summarized and very brief way. In the same way, we can say that there are options.
How to write a literary essay?
The first thing we have to do is to say that writing an essay means analyzing it in a thoughtful and organized way. If you want to write a literary essay that is concise and clear, you should follow the steps we are going to discuss below:
- The first thing you should do is to think about all the ideas before you start writing about any topic that comes to your mind. What we mean by this is that it has to be something that really interests you and that you have at least some knowledge of.
- You should read some writings on the topic you are going to deal with, for example, here, at wowessays.com.
- For each piece of writing you have read, you have to analyze it individually so that you can gain as much knowledge as you can, and then it will be easy for you to write about the topic.
- The first paragraphs are where the introduction should be. You have to write the topic in an argumentative way so that the interest of the readers can grow and they will want to read all the content that you are going to offer in the essay.
- All your ideas should contain valid arguments. You can use your personal or collective experiences, but especially what other authors have written about the topic, about the theories or research that were done before yours.
- It is important that you research and develop each of the ideas. That is why you have to be very strict when you have to write about the topic.
- In the end, you have to write down the conclusions you reached after researching the topic.
Other tips to make a good literary essay
Here we are going to mention some tips for you to make a good literary essay, that is why you should take each one into account:
- You should have at least three ideas about the topics you would like to write on.
- Each topic you have to analyze separately, that is why you have to take into account the following questions: which of these is the one that catches your attention the most, which is the one you consider the most important for you, which is the one you master the best and which is the easiest when you have to look for information on the topic.
- You have to research a lot of literature on the subject. That is why it is important that you can collect the bibliographic survey that has been investigated in a separate document so that you have all the information you need to cite the documents later.
- You have to write freely, but at the same time, you should reflect on each point you have researched. It is important that, in the end, you manage to put all your ideas in order.
- You must keep in mind that the essay must be brief. We are not talking about a thesis or a monograph. That is why it has to be summarized, but it should contain all your ideas and opinions you have about everything you have researched and what you have written so far.
- You have to spend time researching the topic so that you can write with more confidence.
- When writing, you must use formal language. You can use literary devices and other forms of language that are less rigid than what you would use in a scientific article.
It may be for study, work, or personal desire, but the truth is that many people want to know their ideas through writing. When we talk about the essay, we refer to one of the genres that are considered the best when we have to write our thoughts and argue our position regarding a topic, and it can be about research, history , current affairs, art, society, literature, etc.
We have already seen that essays have a high percentage of subjectivity, but the truth is that it requires thoughtful arguments and a very good analysis.
The topic of the essay must be one that you handle with great ease because, at the time of having to express your ideas, each word should be fluid. Likewise, it must be something you like so you can do it with love and affection. Remember that it must have its introduction, development, and conclusion. You can NOT skip any of these steps because otherwise, the essay will be poorly done.
The most important thing is that you manage to capture the reader’s attention throughout the essay, besides, it has to be understandable so that they can dilute all the information well.
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- Literary Terms
- Definition & Examples
- When & How to Write an Essay
I. What is an Essay?
An essay is a form of writing in paragraph form that uses informal language, although it can be written formally. Essays may be written in first-person point of view (I, ours, mine), but third-person (people, he, she) is preferable in most academic essays. Essays do not require research as most academic reports and papers do; however, they should cite any literary works that are used within the paper.
When thinking of essays, we normally think of the five-paragraph essay: Paragraph 1 is the introduction, paragraphs 2-4 are the body covering three main ideas, and paragraph 5 is the conclusion. Sixth and seventh graders may start out with three paragraph essays in order to learn the concepts. However, essays may be longer than five paragraphs. Essays are easier and quicker to read than books, so are a preferred way to express ideas and concepts when bringing them to public attention.
II. Examples of Essays
Many of our most famous Americans have written essays. Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Paine, and Thomas Jefferson wrote essays about being good citizens and concepts to build the new United States. In the pre-Civil War days of the 1800s, people such as:
- Ralph Waldo Emerson (an author) wrote essays on self-improvement
- Susan B. Anthony wrote on women’s right to vote
- Frederick Douglass wrote on the issue of African Americans’ future in the U.S.
Through each era of American history, well-known figures in areas such as politics, literature, the arts, business, etc., voiced their opinions through short and long essays.
The ultimate persuasive essay that most students learn about and read in social studies is the “Declaration of Independence” by Thomas Jefferson in 1776. Other founding fathers edited and critiqued it, but he drafted the first version. He builds a strong argument by stating his premise (claim) then proceeds to give the evidence in a straightforward manner before coming to his logical conclusion.
III. Types of Essays
Essays written to explore and explain ideas are called expository essays (they expose truths). These will be more formal types of essays usually written in third person, to be more objective. There are many forms, each one having its own organizational pattern. Cause/Effect essays explain the reason (cause) for something that happens after (effect). Definition essays define an idea or concept. Compare/ Contrast essays will look at two items and show how they are similar (compare) and different (contrast).
An argumentative paper presents an idea or concept with the intention of attempting to change a reader’s mind or actions . These may be written in second person, using “you” in order to speak to the reader. This is called a persuasive essay. There will be a premise (claim) followed by evidence to show why you should believe the claim.
Narrative means story, so narrative essays will illustrate and describe an event of some kind to tell a story. Most times, they will be written in first person. The writer will use descriptive terms, and may have paragraphs that tell a beginning, middle, and end in place of the five paragraphs with introduction, body, and conclusion. However, if there is a lesson to be learned, a five-paragraph may be used to ensure the lesson is shown.
The goal of a descriptive essay is to vividly describe an event, item, place, memory, etc. This essay may be written in any point of view, depending on what’s being described. There is a lot of freedom of language in descriptive essays, which can include figurative language, as well.
IV. The Importance of Essays
Essays are an important piece of literature that can be used in a variety of situations. They’re a flexible type of writing, which makes them useful in many settings . History can be traced and understood through essays from theorists, leaders, artists of various arts, and regular citizens of countries throughout the world and time. For students, learning to write essays is also important because as they leave school and enter college and/or the work force, it is vital for them to be able to express themselves well.
V. Examples of Essays in Literature
Sir Francis Bacon was a leading philosopher who influenced the colonies in the 1600s. Many of America’s founding fathers also favored his philosophies toward government. Bacon wrote an essay titled “Of Nobility” in 1601 , in which he defines the concept of nobility in relation to people and government. The following is the introduction of his definition essay. Note the use of “we” for his point of view, which includes his readers while still sounding rather formal.
“We will speak of nobility, first as a portion of an estate, then as a condition of particular persons. A monarchy, where there is no nobility at all, is ever a pure and absolute tyranny; as that of the Turks. For nobility attempers sovereignty, and draws the eyes of the people, somewhat aside from the line royal. But for democracies, they need it not; and they are commonly more quiet, and less subject to sedition, than where there are stirps of nobles. For men’s eyes are upon the business, and not upon the persons; or if upon the persons, it is for the business’ sake, as fittest, and not for flags and pedigree. We see the Switzers last well, notwithstanding their diversity of religion, and of cantons. For utility is their bond, and not respects. The united provinces of the Low Countries, in their government, excel; for where there is an equality, the consultations are more indifferent, and the payments and tributes, more cheerful. A great and potent nobility, addeth majesty to a monarch, but diminisheth power; and putteth life and spirit into the people, but presseth their fortune. It is well, when nobles are not too great for sovereignty nor for justice; and yet maintained in that height, as the insolency of inferiors may be broken upon them, before it come on too fast upon the majesty of kings. A numerous nobility causeth poverty, and inconvenience in a state; for it is a surcharge of expense; and besides, it being of necessity, that many of the nobility fall, in time, to be weak in fortune, it maketh a kind of disproportion, between honor and means.”
A popular modern day essayist is Barbara Kingsolver. Her book, “Small Wonders,” is full of essays describing her thoughts and experiences both at home and around the world. Her intention with her essays is to make her readers think about various social issues, mainly concerning the environment and how people treat each other. The link below is to an essay in which a child in an Iranian village she visited had disappeared. The boy was found three days later in a bear’s cave, alive and well, protected by a mother bear. She uses a narrative essay to tell her story.
VI. Examples of Essays in Pop Culture
Many rap songs are basically mini essays, expressing outrage and sorrow over social issues today, just as the 1960s had a lot of anti-war and peace songs that told stories and described social problems of that time. Any good song writer will pay attention to current events and express ideas in a creative way.
A well-known essay written in 1997 by Mary Schmich, a columnist with the Chicago Tribune, was made into a popular video on MTV by Baz Luhrmann. Schmich’s thesis is to wear sunscreen, but she adds strong advice with supporting details throughout the body of her essay, reverting to her thesis in the conclusion.
VII. Related Terms
Research papers follow the same basic format of an essay. They have an introductory paragraph, the body, and a conclusion. However, research papers have strict guidelines regarding a title page, header, sub-headers within the paper, citations throughout and in a bibliography page, the size and type of font, and margins. The purpose of a research paper is to explore an area by looking at previous research. Some research papers may include additional studies by the author, which would then be compared to previous research. The point of view is an objective third-person. No opinion is allowed. Any claims must be backed up with research.
Students dread hearing that they are going to write an essay, but essays are one of the easiest and most relaxed types of writing they will learn. Mastering the essay will make research papers much easier, since they have the same basic structure. Many historical events can be better understood through essays written by people involved in those times. The continuation of essays in today’s times will allow future historians to understand how our new world of technology and information impacted us.
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"What is Literature?" and Other Essays
Jean-paul sartre, introduction by steven ungar, product details.
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Publication Date: 10/15/1988
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- LITERARY CRITICISM: European: French
- About This Book
- About the Author(s)
- Table of Contents
“What is Literature?” remains the most significant critical landmark of French literature since World War II. Neither abstract nor abstruse, it is a brilliant, provocative performance by a writer more inspired than cautious.
“What is Literature?” challenges anyone who writes as if literature could be extricated from history or society. But Jean-Paul Sartre does more than indict. He offers a definitive statement about the phenomenology of reading, and he goes on to provide a dashing example of how to write a history of literature that takes ideology and institutions into account.
This new edition of “What is Literature?” also collects three other crucial essays of Sartre’s for the first time. The essays presenting Sartre’s monthly, Les Temps modernes , and on the peculiarly French manner of nationalizing literature do much to create a context for Sartre’s treatise. “Black Orpheus” has been for many years a key text for the study of black and third-world literatures.
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Awards & Accolades
- Jean-Paul Sartre Is Winner of the 1964 Nobel Prize in Literature
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- Alessio Terzi, author of Growth for Good: Reshaping Capitalism to Save Humanity from Climate Catastrophe , argued at LSE Business Review that there’s nothing anti-capitalist about a shorter workweek ; today’s conversations about a three-day weekend are not a shift in paradigm but rather a continuation of the paradigm we have seen for over two centuries.
- Joshua Zimmerman discussed Jozef Pilsudski: Founding Father of Modern Poland with Polish politician Radosław Sikorski on Wolne Radio Europa .
- Bring the War Home author Kathleen Belew spoke at length with Walter Isaacson as part of Amanpour & Co. ’s ongoing series “Exploring Hate.”
- Kathryn Gin Lum, author of Heathen: Religion and Race in American History , explained on the podcast Straight White American Jesus how White American Christians used the label “heathen” in order to name those they deemed not only different, but in need of saving (with “saving” often meaning occupation of native lands, overtaking cultures, and the exclusion of those who refused to, or couldn’t, assimilate).
- On WBUR (Boston, MA)’s Here & Now , Bring the War Home author Kathleen Belew discussed what to expect from ongoing hearings focused around how members of the far-right prepared to storm the halls of Congress on January 6, 2021 .
- Bring the War Home author Kathleen Belew joined the podcast Armchair Expert for a wide-ranging discussion about how to define “white power” in the United States (and internationally), the role of women within it, and why militias are socially accepted in the U.S.
- In the New York Times , Sarah Milov, author of The Cigarette: A Political History , responded to the recent proposal by the FDA to lower the allowed nicotine level in cigarettes —and its effect on the pervasive myth (long supported by the tobacco industry) that smoking is a willful, personal choice .
- Kathryn Gin Lum, author of Heathen: Religion and Race in American History , described to Salon how Americans set themselves apart from a world of sufferers, as a superior people and a humanitarian people .
- At The Nation , Wild by Design author Laura Martin traced the Cold War origins of environmental management .
- At Foreign Policy , Time’s Monster author Priya Satia unpacked how Mohandas Gandhi’s ideology that struggle is intrinsically meaningful—nonviolence as an ongoing end in itself, not a means to a political end—pushed back against European colonizers’ claims that history was a narrative moving in a particular direction .
- At the Washington Post , What It Means to Be Human author O. Carter Snead and Abortion and Divorce in Western Law author Mary Ann Glendon called on “pro-life” proponents to embrace public commitments to supporting pregnant people and their children in order to fully realize their own ethics of “unconditional love and radical hospitality.”
- The Anti-Oligarchy Constitution authors Joseph Fishkin and William Forbath spoke with The Majority Report ’s Sam Seder about how the two major U.S. parties relate to the Supreme Court : institutionalist liberals bask in the afterglow of the Warren court, while the GOP sees opposition to the Court’s “progressive” nature as central to their victories.
- Carol Sanger, author of About Abortion: Terminating Pregnancy in Twenty-First-Century America , explained the implications of the Supreme Court’s decision in Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health Organization to viewers of CBS Sunday Morning .
- Mary Ziegler, author of After Roe: The Lost History of the Abortion Debate , argued in the New York Times that the decades-long fight to reverse Roe was not an effort to “restore” democracy but instead an attempt to change the way American democracy functions (or doesn’t).
- O. Carter Snead, author of What It Means to Be Human: The Case for the Body in Public Bioethics , explored at CNN Opinion why “ Roe and its progeny have been very bad for America.”
- Sarah Dryden-Peterson, author of Right Where We Belong , made the case at LSE Review of Books for collective responsibility in refugee education .
- At STAT , Maladies of Empire author Jim Downs penned a harrowing reminder that early vaccination research depended heavily on the deliberate infection of enslaved adults and children .
- The Meddlers author Jamie Martin spoke with The Nation about the “rotten roots” of the IMF and World Bank .
- At The Revelator , Wild by Design author Laura Martin traced the troubling and inspiring history of ecological restoration as the accepted solution for environmental degradation .
- At the Washington Post , Joshua Zimmerman, author of Jozef Pilsudski: Founding Father of Modern Poland , detailed Pilsudski’s support for Ukrainian independence in 1920 .
- Kirsten Silva Gruesz, author of Cotton Mather’s Spanish Lessons , spoke with NPR about what the differing pronunciations of “Uvalde” say about how the Spanish language became racialized in the United States .
- Bring the War Home author Kathleen Belew spoke with Time about white power mercenaries fighting for the “lost cause” narrative around the world .
- On Wisconsin Public Radio’s Central Time , Frederick Schauer, author of The Proof: Uses of Evidence in Law, Politics, and Everything Else , explained how to think about, evaluate, and question different types of evidence .
- At the Atlantic , Maladies of Empire author Jim Downs wrestled with the politically difficult fact that a disproportionate number of monkeypox cases are occurring in populations of men who have sex with men .
- Vivek Chibber, author of The Class Matrix: Social Theory after the Cultural Turn , discussed the future of Marxist thought with The Nation .
- The End of Astronauts coauthors Donald Goldsmith and Sir Martin Rees made the case to Science Friday ’s Ira Flatow that the cost of human space travel largely outweighs its benefits .
- Alessio Terzi, author of Growth for Good: Reshaping Capitalism to Save Humanity from Climate Catastrophe , argued in Foreign Policy that the energy crisis catalyzed by Russia’s attack on Ukraine does not necessarily undermine the world’s overall green transition —as long as governments remain firm in their commitments to long-term climate targets.
- Indentured Students author Elizabeth Tandy Shermer spoke with Public Books about the “private pain, public disinvestment” of student debt .
- Fast Company published an excerpt from Carl D. Marci’s Rewired: Protecting Your Brain in the Digital Age on the effect on adult brains of shifts in media use .
- In the New York Times , Bring the War Home author Kathleen Belew drew on the twentieth-century history of white supremacist theory in the United States to contextualize the domestic terrorism attack in Buffalo, NY .
- On NPR’s All Things Considered , A Full-Value Ruble author Kristy Ironside discussed the significance of McDonald’s pulling out of Russia in the wake of global outrage at Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.
- Brian Hochman, author of The Listeners: A History of Wiretapping in the United States , described to WNYC’s All of It how surveillance became commonplace .
- Necropolis author Kathryn Olivarius explained to Smithsonian Magazine how yellow fever exacerbated racial inequality in nineteenth-century New Orleans .
- Jamie Martin, author of The Meddlers: Sovereignty, Empire, and the Birth of Global Economic Governance , warned in the New York Times that aggressive efforts to quell inflation in the United States can have major, unpredictable effects around the world —including long-lasting negative consequences for countries in the Global South.
- A Washington Post analysis, informed heavily by David Livingstone Smith’s Making Monsters , described how the Russian military encourages its troops to dehumanize Ukrainians .
- Wired published an excerpt from Donald Goldsmith and Sir Martin Rees’s The End of Astronauts on why, in considering the future of space exploration, robots may be the better, cheaper, and safer option .
- Tae-Yeoun Keum, author of Plato and the Mythic Tradition in Political Thought , discussed whether there is a role for myth in secular democratic politics—and in modern philosophy on the ABC Radio National program The Philosopher’s Zone .
- On the New York Times podcast Still Processing , Daphne Brooks, author of Liner Notes for the Revolution , explained how to make Top 40 countdowns, “best-of” lists, and awards shows more inclusive .
- On the BBC podcast History Extra , The Listeners author Brian Hochman unpacked wiretapping’s checkered past .
- In the New York Times Magazine ’s “Money Issue,” Thomas Piketty discussed A Brief History of Equality and why he thinks America is primed for wealth redistribution .
- The End of Astronauts coauthors Sir Martin Rees and Donald Goldsmith explained on the Irish radio program Futureproof why twenty-first-century manned spaceflight may not be in the cards .
- At CNN, Amelia Glaser, author of Songs in Dark Times , unpacked the deeply problematic premise for the current invasion of Ukraine: Russia’s claims that it is attempting to “de-Nazify” a country that has, over the past decade, become less ethno-nationalist .
- The Wall Street Journal published an excerpt from Brian Hochman’s The Listeners on the Civil War–era origins of wiretapping .
- New Statesman spoke with Thomas Piketty about A Brief History of Equality and why he’s optimistic about the future of the (global) Left .
- An excerpt from Brian Hochman’s The Listeners , on how Francis Ford Coppola’s 1974 wiretap thriller The Conversation captured the rise of a surveillance society , was published at the Literary Hub site CrimeReads .
- At Slate , The Anti-Oligarchy Constitution authors Joseph Fishkin and William Forbath warned that, while the Republican Party boldly transforms constitutional doctrine, the Democratic Party seems to have forgotten a long tradition of constitutional argument that speaks directly to the problems of inequality and oligarchy .
- On the CBC Radio program Ideas , Annelien de Dijn, author of Freedom: An Unruly History , unpacked how the modern political understanding of “freedom”—centering the idea of limited government—emerged from attempts by privileged elites to defend their own interests .
- Mia Bay has won a 2022 Bancroft Prize for Traveling Black: A Story of Race and Resistance .
- On The Joe Madison Show , Who’s Black and Why? coeditors Henry Louis Gates, Jr., and Andrew Curran revealed how eighteenth-century science contributed to anti-Blackness around the world .
- At n+1 , Klimat author Thane Gustafson analyzed the state of Russian oil and natural gas industries in the wake of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine .
- Sheila Jasanoff, author of The Fifth Branch: Science Advisers as Policymakers and Science at the Bar: Law, Science, and Technology in America , has won the 2022 Holberg International Memorial Prize .
- Elizabeth Tandy Shermer, author of Indentured Students , spoke with Teen Vogue about how the way federal student loans handle compounding interest limits the ability of Americans to even make a dent in what they owe .
- Jeremy Friedman, author of Ripe for Revolution: Building Socialism in the Third World , explained at Jurist how the United States could leverage trade policy to prevent a new Sino–Russian alliance .
- Kathryn Gin Lum, author of Heathen: Religion and Race in American History , described at the Washington Post how use of the term “heathen” flattened American racial hierarchies by grouping different (non-White) people together as the “unsaved.”
- At Religion Dispatches , Heathen author Kathryn Gin Lum made the case that Donald Trump’s infamous comment about ‘shithole countries’ is a cruder example of a mentality that has informed white American Christian congregations for generations .
- In the New York Times , Who’s Black and Why? coeditors Henry Louis Gates, Jr., and Andrew Curran explored the complications of racial terminology in a modern world that offers both a social construction of race and the easy availability of genetic testing.
- In the Boston Globe , Oleh Kotsyuba, Publications Director of Harvard’s Ukrainian Research Institute , recommended four books to help readers get a better understanding of the crisis in Ukraine ; at Five Books , The Frontline author Serhii Plokhy shared his own top choices .
- At SupChina , From Rebel to Ruler author Tony Saich discussed how China sees the Russian invasion of Ukraine .
- Chris Miller, author of We Shall Be Masters , explained “the politics of Putinomics” on the Literary Hub series Keen on Keen .
- On the Naked Scientists podcast Space Boffins , The End of Astronauts coauthor Donald Goldsmith considered the controversial question of whether astronauts are necessary to the future of space exploration .
- Kristy Ironside, author of A Full-Value Ruble , spoke with Marketplace host Kai Ryssdal about Russia’s long history of economic isolation —and what new international economic sanctions, imposed following the country’s invasion of Ukraine, will mean for the Russian people.
- Lapham’s Quarterly published an excerpt from Paul Stephenson’s New Rome: The Empire in the East on the long-lasting environmental and sociocultural effects of the Lead Age .
- The New Yorker took an in-depth look at Who’s Black and Why? coeditor Henry Louis Gates, Jr., and his career-long effort to remake the literary canon .
- On NPR’s 1A , The Future of Money author Eswar Prasad unpacked whether crypto is a “safe space” for Americans’ investments .
- On NPR’s Morning Edition , Serhii Plokhy, author of The Frontline: Essays on Ukraine’s Past and Present , described Ukraine’s repeated efforts to break free from Moscow .
- The Economist spoke with Klimat author Thane Gustafson about how Europe will cope if Russia cuts off its natural gas .
- After news broke of his upcoming retirement, Washington Monthly considered the “practical erudition” of Supreme Court Justice Stephen Breyer, author of The Authority of the Court and the Peril of Politics .
- At Wired , The Myth of Artificial Intelligence author Eric Larson warned of the danger of optimizing machines and proposed an alternative: “creatively adequate” AI .
- At the Washington Post , Healthy Buildings coauthor Joseph Allen provided ten vital updates to our COVID playbook for 2022 .
- At the Los Angeles Times , Jim Downs, author of Maladies of Empire: How Slavery, Imperialism, and War Transformed Medicine , delved into the history of epidemiology that must inform public understanding of the current pandemic .
- Why Do We Still Have the Electoral College? author Alexander Keyssar spoke with the Harvard Gazette about the dark lessons for democracy of the January 6, 2021 assault on the U.S. Capitol .
- In conjunction with the American Historical Association ’s annual meeting, during the month of January we’re offering a 20% discount plus free shipping on select recently-published history titles. Order form »
- On C-SPAN’s Q&A , The Original Meaning of the Fourteenth Amendment coauthors Randy Barnett and Evan Bernick argued that the United States must get its “Constitutional house in order”—and stop chronically misinterpreting the amendment .
- At the Washington Post , Global Health Security author Lawrence Gostin analyzed the legality of President Biden’s federal mandate requiring COVID-19 vaccination or testing in private businesses .
- The Irish Times spoke with Thane Gustafson, author of Klimat , about the “climate change reckoning” facing Russia —as Vladimir Putin avoids attending the COP26 international climate change conference in Glasgow.
- At the Washington Post , read To Live and Defy in LA author Felicia Viator on how judicial edicts on language in the trial of Kyle Rittenhouse—barring use of the term “victims” for the men killed but allowing “looters,” “rioters,”, and “arsonists”—parallel decisions in a 1942 case in Los Angeles that became a flashpoint for the original “Zoot Suit Riots.”
- On ABC Radio National’s All in the Mind , Memory Speaks author Julie Sedivy described what goes on in the multilingual mind .
- On the Bloomberg podcast Balance of Power , Global Health Security author Lawrence Gostin discussed the legal issues surrounding the New York City vaccine mandate for city employees .
- Randy Barnett and Evan Bernick, coauthors of The Original Meaning of the Fourteenth Amendment , spoke with the Wall Street Journal about “the amendment that remade America” —by becoming the basis for every claim against a state government for violating individual rights.
- Tony Jack, author of The Privileged Poor , spoke with Inside Higher Ed about the vital importance of mentoring relationships and strategies for expanding opportunities for student–teacher connection .
- Lapham’s Quarterly published “Ambushing Geronimo,” an excerpt from Samuel Redman’s Prophets and Ghosts: The Story of Salvage Anthropology .
- At Time , The Future of Money author Eswar Prasad touted cryptocurrency’s “bright” future— if governments can help manage the risks involved .
- On the podcast BBC History Extra , The Horde author Marie Favereau described daily life in the Mongol empire .
- Supreme Court Justice Stephen Breyer, author of The Authority of the Court and the Peril of Politics , spoke with the New York Times about the role of politics at SCOTUS (and when to curtail his own role there).
- In the New York Times , Tomorrow, the World author Stephen Wertheim called for Americans to end the “imperial presidency.”
- Lawrence Gostin, author of Global Health Security: A Blueprint for the Future , spoke with CNN’s Erin Burnett about full FDA approval of Pfizer’s COVID-19 vaccine —and the slew of vaccination mandates he hopes will follow.
- Ugly Feelings , Our Aesthetic Categories , and Theory of the Gimmick author Sianne Ngai spoke with the Scandinavian art review Kunstkritikk about why, in a world that is wrong, art needs to embrace error .
- At Foreign Policy , Time’s Monster author Priya Satia called on Afghan “heirs of partition” to reckon with South Asia’s colonial past in order to chart a sustainable future for their country .
- Contributing to the Los Angeles Review of Books series “Antiracism in the Contemporary University,” Fugitive Pedagogy author Jarvis Givens unearthed the long roots of antiracist teaching .
- Stephen Wertheim, author of Tomorrow, the World , argued at the Washington Post that Americans must come to terms with loss in Afghanistan —or risk repeating the same mistakes again.
- As delta variant cases surge, Lawrence Gostin, author of Global Health Security: A Blueprint for the Future , argued in the Washington Post that the Biden administration still has powerful as-yet-untapped, fully legal methods to further drive up United States vaccination rates .
- On PBS’s The Open Mind , The Future of Money author Eswar Prasad explained how cryptocurrencies are impacting the future of markets and global stability .
- Time published an excerpt from Patricia Sullivan’s Justice Rising on how Robert F. Kennedy shaped his brother’s response to the Civil Rights Movement .
- At the Washington Post , Indentured Students author Elizabeth Tandy Shermer unpacked the purposeful policy choices of the 1960s that established the student loan industry rather than truly solving cost problems at colleges and universities .
- The Guardian profiled The Black Atlantic , Against Race , and Darker than Blue author Paul Gilroy, calling him the “most vital guide to our age of crisis.”
- At the Atlantic , William Sturkey, author of Hattiesburg: An American City in Black and White , looked back at the life and legacy of civil rights leader Bob Moses .
- Tom Zoellner discussed his National Book Critics Circle Award–winning Island on Fire: The Revolt That Ended Slavery in the British Empire on The Majority Report with Sam Seder .
- On the Bloomberg podcast Stephanomics , The Future of Money author Eswar Prasad discussed the “fundamental threat” posed to central banks around the world by Bitcoin and its digital brethren —and the threat to personal privacy posed by alternative, government-sponsored digital currencies.
- In the New York Times , The Future of Money author Eswar Prasad made the case that cash money will soon be obsolete —which is why an increasing number of nations are experimenting with central bank digital currencies.
- From Rebel to Ruler author Tony Saich was interviewed by the New Yorker about the centenary of the Chinese Communist Party —and the roots of Xi Jinping’s authoritarianism.
- O. Carter Snead’s What It Means to Be Human: The Case for the Body in Public Bioethics inspired a National Review analysis of comedian Bo Burnham’s Netflix special Inside .
- On PBS’s Amanpour & Co. , Bring the War Home author Kathleen Belew drew a direct line between the Vietnam War and the January 6, 2021 attack on the U.S. Capitol —and weighed in on the Biden administration’s new strategy to counter domestic terrorism.
- Daphne Brooks, author of Liner Notes for the Revolution , spoke with Ms. Magazine about the legacy of pioneers in Black feminist sound .
- On CNN’s GPS , China’s Good War author Rana Mitter’s spoke with host Fareed Zakaria and fellow regional experts Elizabeth Economy and Jiayang Fan about the centennial of China’s ruling party—and what lies ahead for the global superpower ( Part I | Part II ).
- At History Today , Stella Ghervas, author of Conquering Peace , considered whether nationalism is still Europe’s dominant political ideology .
- In the New York Times , Lindsay Chervinsky, author of The Cabinet , discussed Washington’s innovative solution to, not meetings that should have been emails, but “letters that should have been meetings.”
- On his podcast Science Clear + Vivid , Lessons from Plants author Beronda L. Montgomery discussed with actor Alan Alda the surprising ways plants connect, communicate, and collaborate .
- At Noēma Magazine , read Time’s Monster author Priya Satia on Winston Churchill’s problematic legacy .
- Bonnie Honig, author of A Feminist Theory of Refusal , spoke with The Nation about “disaster patriarchy” and how feminism offers the best way to make sense of the post-Trump moment .
- Talking Points Memo published an excerpt from Orville Vernon Burton and Armand Derfner’s Justice Deferred: Race and the Supreme Court on how the Roberts court laid the groundwork for 2021’s “all-out assault on voting rights.”
- Priya Satia, author of Time’s Monster: How History Makes History , wrote at Al Jazeera about Palestine and the myths of British imperial benevolence .
- Amid debates over anti-racist curricula in K–12 schools, Fugitive Pedagogy author Jarvis Givens highlighted, at the Atlantic , the Black teachers who since the nineteenth century have been deeply engaged in the work of challenging racial domination in American schools .
- In the Washington Post , Eswar Prasad, author of the forthcoming The Future of Money: How the Digital Revolution Is Transforming Currencies and Finance , exploded five popular myths about cryptocurrency .
- Stylist published an excerpt from Beronda L. Montgomery’s Lessons from Plants on how the common counsel “bloom where you’re planted” ignores how plants, in their attempts to flourish, actively participate in and transform their environments .
- Tacky’s Revolt author Vincent Brown spoke with the Boston Globe about what an eighteenth-century rebellion can teach the twenty-first century about dismantling racism .
- ProMarket published an excerpt from Philippe Aghion, Céline Antonin, and Simon Bunel’s The Power of Creative Destruction on barriers to entry as a source of income inequality .
- The New Republic explored how Unbound and Finding Time author Heather Boushey, along with Jared Bernstein and Cecilia Rouse, are shaping the Biden administration’s ambitious economic policy .
- At Boston Review , Democracy by Petition author Daniel Carpenter considered how the path of the “citizens’ petition,” first sent to the U.S. Food & Drug Administration in 2013, proposing a ban on menthol cigarettes recalls a lost political tradition in which the complaints of any citizen could get a hearing publicly in Congress.
- Fast Company published an excerpt from Erik Larson’s The Myth of Artificial Intelligence on the “technological kitsch” that threatens to take over Silicon Valley .
- Beronda L. Montgomery, author of Lessons from Plants , discussed plant memory, senses, and communication with UK gardening columnist Jane Perrone on Perrone’s podcast On the Ledge .
- William Sturkey, author of Hattiesburg: An American City in Black and White , described at the Atlantic how racism entrenched in the historical record has obscured understanding of past Black American lives—and how advances in technology and new scholarly approaches are helping historians rectify the issue .
- With the deadline for the 2021 FAFSA looming, Elizabeth Tandy Shermer, author of the forthcoming Indentured Students , wrote at the Washington Post about the unfairness and complexity at the heart of the American system of financial aid for higher education .
- As part of their series Spoken Dialogues , Rolling Stone hosted Daphne Brooks, author of Liner Notes for the Revolution , and Hanif Abdurraqib, author of A Little Devil in America , for a genre- and generation-spanning conversation on Black sound and performance .
- At the Atlantic , The End of Adolescence coauthors Nancy Hill and Alexis Redding unpacked the economic reasons modern young adults seem slow to “grow up.”
- In the New York Times , Eswar Prasad, author of the forthcoming The Future of Money: How the Digital Revolution Is Transforming Currencies and Finance , considered what the rise and fall of Chinese fintech giant Ant Group means for financial innovation in China .
- At Time , Priya Satia, author of Time’s Monster: How History Makes History , analyzed the Biden administration’s planned withdrawal of American troops from Afghanistan .
- In the wake of the killing of Duante Wright by police after a traffic stop in Minnesota, Traveling Black author Mia Bay spoke with Car & Driver about the continuing strictures placed formally or informally on Black freedom of movement .
- At the Washington Post , How Girls Achieve author Sally Nuamah underscored how the killing of 16-year-old Ma’Khia Bryant in Columbus, Ohio, by police fits a common pattern in which Black girls are perceived to be more dangerous than their age-peers from other racial backgrounds—and are punished at higher rates and more severely for relatively minor infractions.
- A New Yorker feature informed by Beth Lew-Williams’s The Chinese Must Go explored recent violence against Asian-Americans in the context of the largely-forgotten purges from the United States of Chinese and Chinese-descended Americans .
- At USA Today , Why We Act author Catherine Sanderson made the case that doing the right thing is socially contagious—even for police .
- On Artforum ’s web series “Artists On Writers | Writers On Artists,” Liner Notes for the Revolution author Daphne Brooks spoke with poet/singer/songwriter Jamila Woods about archives as wellsprings, the lifeworlds of Black women and girls, and what it means to practice care in all its many registers .
- The Education Trap author Cristina Viviana Groeger discussed with Jacobin how education as a solution for inequality is a “useful myth” for elites jealously guarding money and power .
- David Alan Sklansky, author of A Pattern of Violence: How the Law Classifies Crimes and What It Means for Justice , argued at Time that how we define “violent crime” in the United States shapes who gets punished—and who doesn’t .
- Andy Horowitz’s Katrina: A History, 1915–2015 was recently named winner of the Bancroft Prize ; Nicole Fleetwood’s Marking Time: Art in the Age of Mass Incarceration and Tom Zoellner’s Island on Fire: The Revolt That Ended Slavery in the British Empire won National Book Critics Circle Awards in the categories of criticism and nonfiction, respectively.
- Lessons from Plants author Beronda Montgomery discussed the evolutionary and adaptive genius of vegetation with Queer Eye ’s Jonathan Van Ness on his podcast Getting Curious .
- Tae-Yeoun Keum, author of Plato and the Mythic Tradition in Political Thought , explored how philosophy might embrace supposedly manipulative mythmaking for liberal ends in a conversation with BLARB: The Blog of the Los Angeles Review of Books .
- (3/18/21) Gabriel Winant, author of The Next Shift: The Fall of Industry and the Rise of Health Care in Rust Belt America , spoke with Dissent about deindustrialization, the care economy, and the living legacies of the industrial workers’ movement .
- (3/17/21) At the Wall Street Journal , Jake Rosenfeld, author of You’re Paid What You’re Worth: And Other Myths of the Modern Economy , explored the practical difficulties of paying workers based on performance .
- (3/12/21) At the New York Times , Daphne Brooks, author of Liner Notes for the Revolution , uncovered the secret history of women writing album liner notes .
- (3/3/21) Thirty years after the fateful attack, Felicia Angeja Viator, author of To Live and Defy in LA , argued in the Washington Post that Los Angeles police officers’ brutal beating of Rodney King illustrates how public shock and anger cannot be assumed, on their own, to translate into meaningful reform .
- (02/28/21) Healthy Buildings coauthor Joseph Allen spoke with Bloomberg Opinion about the costs of remote work—and the playbook that can help businesses reopen safely .
- (02/25/21) Jezebel published an excerpt from Daphne Brooks’s Liner Notes for the Revolution on the shift in the center of American music from Bob Dylan to Beyoncé Knowles .
- (2/12/21) The Education Trap author Cristina Viviana Groeger made the case in Dissent that educational systems can just as easily reproduce inequality as mitigate it .
- (2/2/21) Out of the Ordinary author Marc Stears spoke with Prospect about how artists and writers healed a divided nation during the twentieth century—and how their current counterparts can do it again .
- (1/30/21) At Foreign Policy , Bronwen Everill, author of Not Made by Slaves: Ethical Capitalism in the Age of Abolition , explained the global context in which Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad operated (Canada was only one possible destination).
- (1/23/21) Engadget published an excerpt from Frank Pasquale’s New Laws of Robotics on how the promise of faster, cheaper, and more efficient medical diagnoses generated by algorithmic intelligence can also serve as a double-edged sword , potentially cutting off access to cutting-edge, high quality care provided by human doctors.
- (1/22/21) Gabriel Winant, author of The Next Shift: The Fall of Industry and the Rise of Health Care in Rust Belt America , spoke with WGBH (Boston, MA)’s Innovation Hub about the serious consequences of America’s loss in manufacturing and concurrent gain in health care as prominent job sectors .
- (1/20/21) At the Institute of Art and Ideas site iai news , The Education Trap author Cristina Groeger explained how the American K–12 education system compounds existing inequalities .
- (1/18/21 for both) On CNN’s AC360 , Bring the War Home author Kathleen Belew and former FBI Deputy Director Andrew McCabe discussed what happens now that more than eighty individuals face federal charges from their actions during the January 6 insurrection at the U.S. Capitol . Belew also spoke with the New Yorker about the decades-long build-up to the riot .
- (1/23/21) Marc Stears, author of Out of the Ordinary: How Everyday Life Inspired a Nation and How It Can Again , spoke with the Economist about Orwell, Priestley, and the politics of the ordinary .
- (1/21/21) Philip Coleman, coeditor of The Selected Letters of John Berryman , discussed the poet’s work and legacy on the Irish radio program Books for Breakfast .
- (1/19/21) At a live online event hosted by Thomas Jefferson’s Monticello on the eve of the 2021 presidential inauguration, Lindsay Chervinsky, author of The Cabinet: George Washington and the Creation of an American Institution , discussed political violence in early America .
- (1/18/21) William Sturkey, author of Hattiesburg: An American City in Black and White , wrote in the Washington Post about Hiram Revels, a Mississippi minister who in 1870 became the first Black man elected to the United States Senate .
- (1/14/21) In The New Republic , American Apocalypse author Matthew Avery Sutton traced how the January 6, 2021 attack on the U.S. Capitol revealed the “darkest nightmares” of white evangelical America .
- (1/11/21; 1/13/21) On MSNBC’s The ReidOut , Bring the War Home author Kathleen Belew unpacked how the pro-Trump mob that attacked the U.S. Capitol on January 6 fits into America’s legacy of lynching . On CNN’s AC360 , she and former FBI Deputy Director Andrew McCabe described to Anderson Cooper the prior planning involved in the attack. And with NPR’s Code Switch , Belew analyzed the symbols of white nationalism that made it inside the building .
- (12/29) Stephen Wertheim, author of Tomorrow, the World: The Birth of U.S. Global Supremacy , spoke with Vox about the irony that military superiority has made America less safe .
- (1/7) On NPR’s All Things Considered , Bring the War Home author Kathleen Belew analyzed the domestic terror events at the U.S. Capitol on January 6, 2021 —“an attack on our democracy and its institutions.”
- (1/4) Why Do We Still Have the Electoral College? author Alexander Keyssar spoke with the Christian Science Monitor about the “wild week ahead” for American politics.
- At Foreign Affairs , China’s Good War author Rana Mitter described “the world China wants” going, at last, into 2021.
- Aaron Griffith, author of God’s Law and Order: The Politics of Punishment in Evangelical America , argued at Christianity Today that advocating for the prioritization of COVID-19 vaccination for incarcerated people could save many lives—and is the Christian thing to do .
- On the National Constitution Center podcast We the People , The Living Presidency author Sai Prakash considered the question of whether sitting presidents can pardon themselves .
- Dominique Kirchner Reill, author of The Fiume Crisis , recounted at Zócalo Public Square how, in 1920, charismatic populist Gabriele D’Annunzio “destroyed Christmas.”
- Lapham’s Quarterly published an excerpt from Mahmood Mamdani’s Neither Settler nor Native on the Supreme Court decisions that created “Indian Country.”
- On WAMU’s 1A , Burning the Books author Richard Ovenden considered the danger of deliberate destruction of documents by Trump administration officials on their way out the door .
- Benjamin Francis-Fallon, author of The Rise of the Latino Vote , explained in the Washington Post how 2020 election results affirmed decades-old political divisions among the American voters frequently lumped together as “Latinos.”
- Jon Butler discussed God in Gotham: The Miracle of Religion in Modern Manhattan on the First Things Podcast .
- Literary Hub ’s “Raise UP Reading List” ( #RaiseUP ), created in conjunction with University Press Week 2020 , includes Racism in America: A Reader along with other new works on the timely subjects of climate change, racial justice, and voting rights.
- (10/27) Frank Pasquale, author of New Laws of Robotics: Defending Human Expertise in the Age of AI , spoke with Commonweal about what robots can’t do .
- (10/19) Stephen Wertheim, author of Tomorrow, the World: The Birth of U.S. Global Supremacy , spoke with Teen Vogue about America’s rise to superpower status—and subsequent decline .
- (10/22) On the WGBH (Boston, MA) podcast The Scrum , Why Do We Still Have the Electoral College? author Alexander Keyssar traced the long history of failed attempts to reform or eliminate the electoral college—and warn of how little guidance it would actually provide in a close, hotly contested election .
- (10/21) On NPR’s All Things Considered , Why We Act author Catherine Sanderson analyzed what gives those who witness injustice the moral courage to speak up .
- Rana Mitter, author of China’s Good War: How World War II Is Shaping a New Nationalism , discussed China and the global order on BBC Radio 4’s Start the Week .
- Stephen Wertheim, author of Tomorrow, the World: The Birth of U.S. Global Supremacy , argued in the New York Times that America has “no reason” to be so powerful .
- The Guardian published an excerpt from Frank Pasquale’s New Laws of Robotics: Defending Human Expertise in the Age of AI .
- On NPR’s Throughline , unpacked the rushed, fraught, and imperfect process that resulted in today’s highly controversial system .
- On MSNBC’s The Last Word , Bring the War Home author Kathleen Belew analyzed how Donald Trump’s “stand back and stand by” comment during the first Presidential debate highlights a larger plot to subvert democracy .
- The September 2020 issue of Artforum features an in-depth conversation between Nicole Fleetwood and Rachel Kushner , as well as a project statement from Professor Fleetwood in which she introduces some of of the artists featured in Marking Time: Art in the Age of Mass Incarceration : Tameca Cole , James Hough , Mark Loughney , and Jared Owens .
- Andy Horowitz, author of Katrina: A History, 1915–2015 , spoke with WBUR (Boston, MA)’s On Point about the structural issues that affected America’s recovery from the now-legendary hurricane—and what more needs to be done .
- At Time , Freedom: An Unruly History author Annelien de Dijn traced how the definition of “freedom” split between political liberals and conservatives .
- The documentary film based on Thomas Piketty’s Capital in the Twenty-First Century can now be streamed on Netflix .
- Lindsay Chervinsky, author of The Cabinet: George Washington and the Creation of an American Institution , made the case at USA Today that presidential candidate Joe Biden’s choice of Kamala Harris for Vice President strengthens the odds that a future Biden administration’s cabinet will look “like America.”
- At Zócalo Public Square , Victoria de Grazia, author of The Perfect Fascist , described why the oversimplification of the term “fascism” in recent public discourse is dangerous .
- As the 2020 hurricane season moves into full swing, Katrina: A History, 1915–2015 author Andy Horowitz spoke with WWNO (New Orleans, LA)’s Coastal Desk about the storm’s lessons for the Gulf Coast .
- Bloomberg Businessweek checked in with The Color of Money author Mehrsa Baradaran for a report on rapper and activist Killer Mike’s longstanding support of the #BankBlack movement .
- Alexander Keyssar, author of Why Do We Still Have the Electoral College? , spoke with WBUR (Boston, MA)’s On Point about the endurance of the problematic fixture of American democracy .
- At the Washington Post , Tom Zoellner, author of Island on Fire: The Revolt That Ended Slavery in the British Empire , (re)introduced the forgotten holiday “August First Day,” which commemorates Britain’s passage of the Slavery Abolition Act in 1834 —legislation that marked the beginning of legal freedom for 800,000 enslaved people across its many colonial holdings.
- Atomic Doctors author James L. Nolan, Jr., spoke with Inside Edition about the discovery of his grandfather’s role in helping to build the atomic bomb .
- At the New York Times , Alexander Keyssar, author of Why Do We Still Have the Electoral College? , delineated the white supremacist beliefs propping up the electoral college .
- Khalil Gibran Muhammad, author of The Condemnation of Blackness , argued in the Boston Globe that “words aren’t enough” from companies that claim to support the Black Lives Matter movement .
- At The Hill , Shields of the Republic author Mira Rapp-Hooper warned that in order to protect American and European security, the Senate must block the Trump administration’s planned drawdown of American troops from Germany .
- William Sturkey, author of Hattiesburg: An American City in Black and White , explained in the Hattiesburg American how the 1910 Confederate monument at Forrest County Courthouse, Mississippi, pays tribute to “a past that never was.”
- ARTnews featured an in-depth interview with Nicole Fleetwood, author of Marking Time: Art in the Age of Mass Incarceration , and artists Tameca Cole, Russell Craig, and Jesse Krimes, whose work is featured in the book .
- Mehrsa Baradaran, author of How the Other Half Banks and The Color of Money , contributed to the New York Times special project on inequality, “The America We Need,” with a fiery critique of the neoliberal myth that profit incentives produce the best outcomes for society .
- Lapham’s Quarterly published “How Is a Disaster Made?” , excerpted from Andy Horowitz’s Katrina: A History, 1915–2015 .
- In an American Prospect essay lauded by Senator and Consumer Financial Protection Bureau originator Elizabeth Warren , Adam Levitin and Susan Wachter, coauthors of The Great American Housing Bubble , argued that changes proposed by the Trump administration to radically ease mortgage lending standards will undermine the Dodd-Frank Act and lead to future financial crises .
- At Dissent , Marking Time author Nicole Fleetwood analyzed James Hough’s painting How Big House Products Makes Boxers through a lens clarified by a pandemic disease that disproportionately puts at risk the lives of the incarcerated .
- Priya Satia, author of the forthcoming Time’s Monster: How History Makes History , wrote at Slate about George Orwell’s stint as a police officer in colonial Burma—and how his belief that policing and incarceration are the essence of oppression can be used today to interpret reactions to the Black Lives Matter movement .
- In a feature profile, The Chronicle of Higher Education declared Theory of the Gimmick author Sianne Ngai to be the “most influential literary theorist of her generation.”
- William Sturkey, author of Hattiesburg: An American City in Black and White , discussed with WNYC’s Brian Lehrer what to do about Confederate (and non-Confederate) statues and monuments as their, in many cases, outright racist histories are finally acknowledged .
- On Bloomberg Businessweek , Tacky’s Revolt author Vincent Brown traced active resistance to enslavement across the British Empire—and how a history of enslavement still marks Black people for victimization today .
- In a wide-ranging interview, Sianne Ngai, author of Theory of the Gimmick , spoke with The Nation about Puff Daddy, the Fyre Festival…and capitalism’s shiny broken promises .
- Mehrsa Baradaran, author of How the Other Half Banks and The Color of Money , argued at The American Prospect that the American ideals of justice (and peace) for all cannot be realized until America’s racial wealth gap—in areas including housing, banking, and income—is conquered .
- On The Modern Art Notes Podcast , Marking Time author Nicole Fleetwood explicated how imprisoned individuals create art in an attempt to resist the brutality and depravity of American incarceration .
- Writing with Keisha N. Blain, Tom Zoellner, author of Island on Fire: The Revolt That Ended Slavery in the British Empire , wrote at The Guardian about the history of “establishment thinking” that frames change—like that proposed by Black Lives Matter and Defund the Police activism—as inherently dangerous .
- Elizabeth Hinton, author of From the War on Poverty to the War on Crime: The Making of Mass Incarceration in America , argued in the New York Times that George Floyd’s death resulted from a “failure of generations of leadership” ; at Boston Review , she explicated the historical context behind the ongoing “Minneapolis Uprising.”
- At USA Today , Why We Act author Catherine Sanderson and Harvard Kennedy School Professor Cornell William Brooks analyzed Floyd’s murder and explored how to encourage bystander action when an ethical response is often personally risky .
- On the Australian radio program Uncommon Sense , John Keane, author of The New Despotism , discussed how anti-democratic practices by despotic governments are sweeping the world .
- Black Agenda Report spoke with Joshua Bennett about Being Property Once Myself and the idea of Black Studies as an “ecological critique.”
- Literary Hub published “On the City of Florence’s Struggle to Get Back Dante’s Body,” excerpted from Guy Raffa’s Dante’s Bones: How a Poet Invented Italy .
- Discover Magazine published an excerpt from Catherine Sanderson’s Why We Act on the “bystander effect”—and how to overcome it .
- At Foreign Policy , Mira Rapp-Hooper, author of Shields of the Republic: The Triumph and Peril of America’s Alliances , explained how the COVID-19 pandemic is hardening U.S.–China competition .
- Samuel Zipp, author of The Idealist , spoke at length with Rorotoko about Wendell Willkie’s quest to build one world .
- Tacky’s Revolt author Vincent Brown spoke with the Boston Globe about conceiving of slavery not as a neutral socioeconomic framework but an ongoing military conflict .
- At Bloomberg Law , Power after Carbon author Peter Fox-Penner, writing with Olena Pechak and Matthew Lillie, considered whether artificial intelligence will increase or decrease power grid efficiency .
- From Here to There author Michael Bond spoke with CBC Radio’s The Spark about navigation as an “essential survival skill” ; Wired published an excerpt from the book on why humans “totally freak out” when they get lost .
- Sai Prakash, author of The Living Presidency , argued in the Wall Street Journal that SCOTUS must strike down state laws constraining the choice of Electoral College voters .
- In the Washington Post , Battling Bella author Leandra Ruth Zarnow contrasted the FX television series “Mrs. America”’s treatment of Bella Abzug to that of series protagonist (and conservative) Phyllis Schlafly .
- At First Things , Virtue Politics author James Hankins warned of the dangers of relying too heavily on “imprudent expertise” when making political decisions .
- Kino Marquee, the producers of a documentary based on Thomas Piketty’s Capital in the Twenty-First Century , announced they will be screening the film online starting on May 1 .
- Why We Act author Catherine Sanderson wrote at Psychology Today about the social challenges of calling out poor behavior —such as Vice President Mike Pence’s choice to visit the Mayo Clinic without a face mask.
- Capital and Ideology author Thomas Piketty spoke with Democracy Now! and New York Magazine ’s “Intelligencer.”
- The New York Review of Books published an excerpt from Nicole Fleetwood’s Marking Time: Art in the Age of Mass Incarceration along with selected art from the book.
- At Harvard Business Review , Joseph Allen and John Macomber, coauthors of Healthy Buildings: How Indoor Spaces Drive Performance and Productivity , explained the factors that make an office building “healthy” in an era of respiratory pandemics .
- Wired published an excerpt from Christopher Wanjek’s Spacefarers on “how space tries to kill you.”
- On WBUR (Boston, MA)’s Here & Now , Stewards of the Market author Mitchel Abolafia explained the Federal Reserve’s recent actions to support the U.S. economy .
- At The Hill , legal scholar and The Living Presidency author Sai Prakash responded to Donald Trump’s statement, “When somebody is the president of the United States, the authority is total.”
- Why We Act author Catherine Sanderson spoke with KQED (San Francisco, CA)’s Forum about the “bystander effect” and how to be more brave in the face of wrongdoing .
- At USA Today , Healthy Buildings coauthor Joseph Allen considered the question of whether there is COVID-19 in your car .
- Via Instagram, Nicole Fleetwood discussed Marking Time: Art in the Age of Mass Incarceration with Dr. Cheryl Finlay from Clark Atlanta University, Morehouse College, and Spelman College’s AUC Art Collective .
- Peter Fox-Penner, author of Power after Carbon , wrote at the Boston Globe about the “green opportunity” that can be discovered within the COVID-19 crisis .
- Mehrsa Baradaran, author of How the Other Half Banks and The Color of Money , spoke with WBUR (Boston, MA)’s On Point about what can be done during and after the COVID-19 pandemic to save America’s small businesses .
- At the Washington Post , Out of My Skull coauthor James Danckert explained how to conceive of boredom not as a problem, but as a cognitive tool .
- Unbound author Heather Boushey argued in an American Prospect roundtable that COVID-19 has liberated massive public spending…but Americans must beware of austerity demands from the government once the crisis passes .
- Lindsay Chervinsky, author of The Cabinet: George Washington and the Creation of an American Institution , wrote at Time about the Founding Fathers’ understanding that a strong central authority is needed in times of crisis—when state governments won’t, or can’t, coordinate on their own .
- Healthy Buildings coauthor Joseph Allen, writing with Juliette Kayyem, argued in USA Today that scientific projections are converging, and a national plan is necessary in order to successfully battle the pandemic .
- At War on the Rocks , Mira Rapp-Hooper, author of Shields of the Republic: The Triumph and Peril of America’s Alliances , considered what U.S.–China relations will look like after the pandemic .
- Healthy Buildings coauthor Joseph G. Allen explained at the Washington Post why you—yes, you!—need to wear a mask .
- James Hankins, author of Virtue Politics , wrote at Quillette about Black Death–era social distancing —including efforts among the wealthy to seek refuge in relatively untarnished rural areas.
- At the Washington Post , Animal City author Andrew Robichaud considered what the popularity of Netflix’s “sordid human drama” Tiger King says about Americans themselves .
- Capital and Ideology author Thomas Piketty spoke with Bloomberg TV’s Balance of Power about how the coronavirus pandemic will have a lasting impact on the economy .
- At BBC Science Focus , Christopher Wanjek, author of Spacefarers , made the case for dreaming bigger (or rather, further) than Mars when considering the future of human space colonization .
- Mehrsa Baradaran, author of How the Other Half Banks and The Color of Money , considered at The American Prospect how responses to the COVID-19 pandemic should inform America’s ongoing challenges in areas like public health and climate change .
- At American Heritage , Lindsay Chervinsky, author of The Cabinet: George Washington and the Creation of an American Institution , explained Washington’s foresight in crafting his Cabinet into a vitally important governing tool .
- John Eastwood, coauthor of Out of My Skull: The Psychology of Boredom , spoke with the Washington Post about how researchers of boredom are responding to pandemic-related mass self-isolation measures .
- At the Washington Post , The Idealist author Samuel Zipp considered Wendell Willkie’s ideas about internationalism in light of current panic over porous borders and pandemic illness .
- Capital and Ideology author Thomas Piketty spoke with The Nation about confronting mass inequality during a global pandemic .
- Healthy Buildings coauthor Joseph G. Allen wrote at the Washington Post about the relatively small risk to end-users of COVID-19 borne by shipped packages and grocery items ; at USA Today , he (writing with Marc Lipsitch) warned of the greater risk—and advised on what to do— if someone in your home is sick with (presumed or confirmed) COVID-19 .
- Michael J. Graetz, coauthor of The Wolf at the Door: The Menace of Economic Insecurity and How to Fight It , spoke with The Hill about how the current financial crisis could be easier to recover from than the Great Recession — if policymakers play their cards right.
- Adam Levitin, coauthor of The Great American Housing Bubble , argued in the New York Times (writing with Satyam Khanna) that the best way to stanch economic bleeding from COVID-19 shutdowns is to enact a temporary national moratorium on small business debt collections .
- Ben Buchanan, author of The Hacker and the State , spoke with The Diplomat about “the new normal of geopolitics.”
- Capitalism, Alone author Branko Milanovic argued at Foreign Affairs that, rather than widespread illness, the “real danger” of the current international COVID-19 response is “social collapse.”
- Sir Peter Gluckman, coauthor of Ingenious: The Unintended Consequences of Human Innovation , discussed unforeseen consequences of technology —including the faster spread of infectious disease—on the New Zealand radio program The Sunday Session .
- On the podcast Health Care Rounds , Exposed author Christopher Robertson discussed American health insurance, or lack thereof, during the COVID-19 pandemic .
- Jim Downs, author of the forthcoming (January 2021) Maladies of Empire: How Slavery, Imperialism, and War Transformed Medicine , wrote at the Atlantic about past “epidemics America got wrong” due to government inaction or delay .
- On the Harvard Law School podcast Deep Background , Richard J. Lazarus, author of The Rule of Five: Making Climate History at the Supreme Court , considered the question, suddenly relevant to millions of Americans, of where public health stops and individual liberty begins .
- As borders close and international air travel precipitously declines, Samuel Zipp, author of The Idealist , recounted the tireless efforts of Wendell Willkie, the “last internationalist,” on ABC Radio National’s Late Night Live .
- On KPFA’s About Health , Shaken Brain author Elizabeth Sandel, MD, described how concussions occur, symptoms, the best treatments, and potential long-term consequences .
- At USA Today , Joseph G. Allen, coauthor of Healthy Buildings: How Indoor Spaces Drive Performance and Productivity , explained the new-to-many concept of “social distancing” ; at Harvard Business School’s Working Knowledge , he weighed in on how the COVID-19 pandemic will change business practices .
- At the Chronicle of Higher Education , Michelle Miller, author of Minds Online: Teaching Effectively with Technology , advised on how to get courses “online in a hurry.”
- Tony Jack, author of The Privileged Poor , described to WAMU’s 1A what widespread campus closures mean for lower-income students .
- Felicia Angeja Viator, author of To Live and Defy in LA , spoke with Music Journalism Insider about how gangsta rap changed America .
- As many Americans settle into their couches and others attempt to triage competing demands from work and family, Daniel Milo, author of Good Enough: The Tolerance for Mediocrity in Nature and Society , spoke with CBC Radio’s Ideas about when to push back against “the tyranny of the exceptional.”
- Thomas Piketty discussed Capital and Ideology with Fast Company , who also published an excerpt from the book.
- On WBUR’s Here & Now , Richard Lazarus, author of The Rule of Five , recounted the tale of environmental lawyer Joe Mendelson, whose successful 2007 case, Massachusetts vs. Environmental Protection Agency , laid the groundwork for many of former President Obama’s climate policies .
- What Stars Are Made Of author Donovan Moore introduced readers of BBC Science Focus to the astronomic genius of Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin .
- At Knowable , Tom Siegfried, author of The Number of the Heavens , reported on the current state of the search for extraterrestrial intelligence .
- As coronavirus panic grips the nation, Joseph G. Allen, coauthor of Healthy Buildings: How Indoor Spaces Drive Performance and Productivity , argued in the New York Times that your building can make you sick or keep you well .
- Benjamin Francis-Fallon’s The Rise of the Latino Vote informed a Mother Jones analysis of the popularity of presidential candidate Senator Bernie Sanders among Latinx voters during the 2020 Super Tuesday primary .
- Tony Jack, author of The Privileged Poor , was interviewed for a New Yorker feature on the way programs like Prep for Prep, which helps low-income New York City students get into selective private schools, obscure deeper inequalities in the system .
- On the National Constitution Center podcast We the People , Lindsay Chervinsky, author of The Cabinet: George Washington and the Creation of an American Institution , discussed how Washington conceived of civic virtue, honor, and public service both as a general and as president .
- Talk Radio’s America author Brian Rosenwald explained on Texas Public Radio’s The Source how conservative talk radio—no longer even attempting to be fair and balanced; instead explicitly partisan—transformed American politics .
- On CNN’s GPS , The Great Reversal author Thomas Philippon explained to Fareed Zakaria why prices in America are so high .
- “How North Korean Hackers Rob Banks around the World,” excerpted from Ben Buchanan’s The Hacker and the State , was published at Wired .
- Richard J. Lazarus, author of The Rule of Five: Making Climate History at the Supreme Court , wrote at Bloomberg Environment about the thusfar inept manner in which the Trump administration has sought to dismantle Obama-era environmental protection .
- The Privileged Poor author Tony Jack was interviewed by the Chronicle of Higher Education for their feature “How to Make College a Better Bet for More People.”
- Thomas Piketty discussed Capital and Ideology on the BBC World Service program Newsday and at Times Higher Education .
- On the PBS News program Amanpour & Co. , Unbound author Heather Boushey explained who the U.S. economy isn’t working for .
- At the Washington Post , Ben Buchanan, author of The Hacker and the State , debunked common myths about cyberwar ; on the CBS News podcast Intelligence Matters , he unpacked the potential effect AI technologies may have on the geopolitical dynamics among nations .
- Christopher Robertson, author of Exposed: Why Our Health Insurance Is Incomplete and What Can Be Done about It , explained on the podcast The Week in Health Law why why cost exposure is a terrible rationing mechanism for health care .
- On the Planet Money (NPR) series The Indicator , Capitalism, Alone author Branko Milanovic discussed two factors that contribute to increasing global inequality: the increasing prevalence of “timecard capitalists”—individuals who earn both high capital income and high labor income ; and “assortative mating,” the trend in which people with the same socioeconomic backgrounds increasingly marry each other .
- Capital and Ideology author Thomas Piketty debated how unfair societies can learn from their mistakes—and whether inequality is ever in the public interest —on the Economist podcast The Economist Asks .
- Juan Du, author of The Shenzhen Experiment , spoke at length with the South China Morning Post as she toured the “instant city.”
- Protocol published “How the NSA Hacked International Mobile Carriers,” excerpted from Ben Buchanan’s The Hacker and the State .
- Harvard Magazine featured an in-depth profile of Vincent Brown, author of Tacky’s Revolt: The Story of an Atlantic Slave War .
- Capital and Ideology author Thomas Piketty warned New Statesman of “another economic crash.”
- At Zócalo Public Square , Unbelievers author Alec Ryrie detailed how European atheism existed in practice before it existed in theory .
- At Foreign Affairs , Mira Rapp-Hooper, author of the forthcoming Shields of the Republic , advised on how best to save America’s decaying alliances .
- Vincent Brown, author of Tacky’s Revolt: The Story of an Atlantic Slave War , spoke with WNUR (Chicago)’s This Is Hell! about the fundamentally international nature of slavery—and how to understand both the American origin story and American race relations today within the context of that global capitalist model .
- At Rorotoko , City on a Hill author Alex Krieger unpacked the American inclination toward aspirational approaches at community and city-building .
- At STAT , Christopher Robertson, author of Exposed: Why Our Health Insurance Is Incomplete and What Can Be Done about It , analyzed whether the 2020 Democratic presidential candidate soundbite “no more copays, no more deductibles” really represents radical health care reform .
- At Politico , Revolutionary Constitutions author Bruce Ackerman roundly critiqued Trump impeachment defense lawyer Alan Dershowitz’s use of Andrew Johnson’s impeachment trial as an relevant example .
- Martha Nussbaum spoke with The Nation about The Cosmopolitan Tradition —and whether the so-called “retreat of liberalism” is an academic fad .
- Supriya Gandhi, author of The Emperor Who Never Was , discussed Mughal prince and philosopher Dara Shukoh with The Wire .
- On WBUR’s Radio Boston , Brandon Terry, coeditor of To Shape a New World: Essays on the Political Philosophy of Martin Luther King, Jr. , discussed what the “righteousness” Dr. King taught and practiced means to today’s battles against injustice .
- At the Atlantic , India’s Founding Moment author Madhav Khosla compared Indians’ current struggle with questions of ethnic, religious, and ultimately, national identity , with their experience before and during Partition.
- Beyond Test Scores author Jack Schneider argued in the Denver Post that rather than relying on published scores or simplistic color coding when choosing schools, parents would do well to consider meatier questions about teacher engagement and whether they are supported by school administration .
- Christopher Robertson, author of Exposed: Why Our Health Insurance Is Incomplete and What Can Be Done about It , argued at CNN Opinion that political wrangling over healthcare policy has focused too heavily on who gets covered and not enough on the quality of coverage —at prices affordable enough that those who are “covered” can actually seek the care they need.
- On KPFA’s Against the Grain , Accounting for Slavery author Caitlin Rosenthal discussed slavery’s place within the development of American capitalism .
- An excerpt from James Hankins’s Virtue Politics , on Machiavelli’s “war on virtue,” was published at Spectator USA ; on the Quillette podcast, Hankins explained what Renaissance humanists can teach today’s politicians about statecraft .
- At Smithsonian , Ai Hisano, author of Visualizing Taste: How Business Changed the Look of What You Eat , detailed the history of federal regulations governing, not the nutritive value or safety, but the appearance of foods .
- Animal City author Andrew Robichaud’s research was central to Maclean’s feature on the nineteenth-century moral revolution in North America in the conception of humane behavior towards animals .
- On Texas Public Radio’s The Source , Testosterone coauthor Rebecca Jordan-Young unpacked how myths about the hormone’s relationship to masculinity have shaped American culture .
- Branko Milanovic, author of Capitalism, Alone , discussed which varieties of capitalism will prevail over time on The American Interest ’s podcast.
- A Washington Post Magazine feature on the resurgence of stoicism among Silicon Valley techbros was informed by Donna Zuckerberg’s Not All Dead White Men .
- Tom Siegfried, author of The Number of the Heavens , wrote at Knowable about the new tests that could verify Einstein’s general theory of relativity—or prove it to be significantly flawed .
- At Time , India’s Founding Moment author Madhav Khosla explained the political unrest in India following the promulgation by the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) of a new citizenship law that treats Muslims differently from those of other religions .
- Nautilus published an excerpt from John Johnson Jr.’s Zwicky on the (not so humble) astrophysicist’s discovery of supernovas .
- At the Atlantic , Mary Sarah Bilder, author of Madison’s Hand , took a close look at James Madison’s use of “high crimes and misdemeanors” versus “maladministration” in the constitutional grounds for presidential impeachment .
- On WFHB (Bloomington, IN)’s The Interchange , Juliana Spahr, author of Du Bois’s Telegram: Literary Resistance and State Containment , considered the revolutionary capacity of literature .
- David Perlmutter, author of Promotion and Tenure Confidential , explained in the Chronicle of Higher Education why it’s hard to operate “outside the box” in academe .
- In the Boston Globe , City on a Hill author Alex Krieger described the city’s new “gilded age.”
- At the Washington Post , The Rise of the Latino Vote author Benjamin Francis-Fallon detailed the origins of the concept of a singular “Latino vote” in the 1960 “Viva Kennedy!” campaign .
- Françoise Baylis, author of Altered Inheritance , spoke with CBC Radio’s Information Morning about Chinese twins Lulu and Nana, the first humans to be born with the help of CRISPR technology .
- The Great Reversal author Thomas Philippon explained to Marketplace ’s David Brancaccio how increases in lobbying against competition and poor regulatory oversight led to higher prices for consumer goods and utilities in the United States compared to Europe .
- On Texas Public Radio’s The Source , Sarah Milov, author of The Cigarette: A Political History , discussed the forces that propelled Big Tobacco to its height of popularity and the role of citizen activism in its eventual downfall .
- Branko Milanovic discussed Capitalism, Alone on the Slate podcast The Gist .
- At Scientific American , Tom Siegfried, author of The Number of the Heavens , introduced the multiverse—a concept with a longer history than one might think .
- Talk Radio’s America author Brian Rosenwald recounted on WGBH/PRI’s Innovation Hub how conservative talk saved AM radio, influenced American politics, and changed our political reality .
- At the Atlantic , historians David W. Blight ( Race and Reunion ; American Oracle ), W. Fitzhugh Brundage ( The Southern Past ; Civilizing Torture ), and Kevin M. Levin ( Searching for Black Confederates ), criticized the University of North Carolina’s recent decision to pay the white nationalist group Sons of Confederate Veterans $2.5 million to relocate and house the statue “Silent Sam.”
- At the Guardian , Katrina Karkazis, coauthor of Testosterone: An Unauthorized Biography , explained the science behind why testosterone levels cannot be used to assign people to a male or female identity .
- At Foreign Affairs , Capitalism, Alone author Branko Milanovic compared the two types of capitalism—“liberal meritocratic” (exemplified by the United States, Western European nations, Japan, and a few others) and “state-led, political” (exemplified by China) —that jostle for world domination.
- At Aeon , Author Unknown author Tom Geue considered un-authored Roman literature and the transcendence of mere individuality .
- Joshua Bennett, author of Being Property Once Myself: Blackness and the End of Man , spoke with the BBC World Service program The Compass about the role of poetry in bringing humans and non-human animals closer together .
- On the Fox Business program Mornings with Maria , The Great Reversal author Thomas Philippon compared European with American business practices .
- As America’s 2020 general election approaches, MarketWatch spoke with The Great Reversal author Thomas Philippon about increased calls for antitrust action .
- Rorotoko interviewed David Courtwright about The Age of Addiction .
- On the Lapham’s Quarterly podcast The World in Time , Eugene McCarraher, author of The Enchantments of Mammon , discussed the history of capitalism as a tale of predation .
- In the New York Times , William Sturkey, author of Hattiesburg: An American City in Black and White , criticized the University of North Carolina’s recent $2.5 million payment to a neo-Confederate organization for the acquisition and housing of the Confederate statue “Silent Sam.”
- The Tablet published an excerpt from Eric Nelson’s The Theology of Liberalism , on John Rawls’s A Theory of Justice as “Jewish heresy.”
- In the New York Times , Industry of Anonymity author Jonathan Lusthaus reminded holiday shoppers that Eastern Europe hosts the “Silicon Valley of cybercrime” —and its entrepreneurs are watching.
- Globalists author Quinn Slobodian wrote at The Nation about “after-globalization” twenty years after protests disrupted the WTO meeting in Seattle .
- Thomas Philippon, author of The Great Reversal , explained on the FOX Business program WSJ at Large how America’s once highly competitive free market became dominated by large companies whose behavior disadvantages individual consumers .
- Sarah Milov, author of The Cigarette: A Political History , described to Marketplace ’s David Brancaccio how, during an era when American companies sought to increase their international competitiveness, grassroots nonsmokers’ rights groups forced consideration of anti-smoking regulation in the workplace .
- Popular Science published an excerpt from Antony Adler’s Neptune’s Laboratory on the mid-twentieth-century effort to design and build “an undersea utopia” —even as, far above, astronauts were taking their first steps on the moon.
- Following a new FBI report showing a marked increase in hate crimes against Latinos, The Injustice Never Leaves You author Monica Muñoz Martinez unearthed the nation’s “forgotten” history of anti-Latino violence on WBUR (Boston, MA)’s Here & Now .
- On the Yahoo!Finance program On the Move , Unbound author Heather Boushey discussed why economic inequality in the United States is at its highest level in 50 years .
- On the Yahoo!Finance program On the Move , The Great Reversal author Thomas Philippon critiqued the idea that America’s ostensibly “free” markets are in fact functioning for the benefit of consumers and workers .
- Sarah Milov, author of The Cigarette: A Political History , described to the Columbus Dispatch how vaping companies’ marketing efforts have closely followed those of Big Tobacco ; she also discussed the hazy financial future of the vaping industry on CheddarTV .
- Bring the War Home author Kathleen Belew spoke with NPR’s Weekend Edition Sunday about leaked emails in which Trump administration lackey Stephen Miller seemingly encouraged far-right website Breitbart to promote white supremacist ideas .
- A Washington Post story about a conservative talk show host in Colorado who claims he was fired after expressing disapproval of Donald Trump was informed by discussion with Brian Rosenwald, author of Talk Radio’s America .
- At #AsiaNow , the blog of the Association for Asian Studies, Elisabeth Köll, author of Railroads and the Transformation of China , discussed the country’s extensive high-speed rail network—which is faster, cheaper, and more futuristic than anything offered by the creaky Amtrak system in the United States .
- At The Guardian , The Great Reversal author Thomas Philippon made the case that the increasingly iron grip of monopolistic corporations now costs American households an estimated $300 per month .
- On the Oxfam podcast From Poverty to Power , Capitalism, Alone author Branko Milanovic talked with London School of Economics Professor and Oxfam strategic adviser Duncan Green about solutions for global inequality .
- Sarah Seo, author of Policing the Open Road , wrote in the New York Review of Books about what “car culture” can teach us about newer policing—and surveillance—technologies .
- Rajiv Sethi, coauthor of Shadows of Doubt , spoke with the Santa Fe Institute podcast Complexity about the biases in attention and cognition that lead to unfair outcomes on the streets (and online) —and strategies that show promise in offsetting these outcomes.
- On Wisconsin Public Radio’s Central Time , What Remains author Sarah Wagner described how the determination of military families—and new technologies—have kept alive the effort to bring home the remains of Vietnam-era soldiers .
- On WAMU’s 1A , Rebecca Jordan-Young and Katrina Karkazis, coauthors of Testosterone: An Unauthorized Biography , discussed how an accurate scientific understanding of the hormone can affect efforts to reshape the Western definition of masculinity ; Literary Hub published an excerpt from the book on the tenuous link between the hormone and violent behavior .
- The Great Reversal author Thomas Philippon explained to the Verge podcast The Vergecast how, in certain markets like healthcare, technology, and air travel, consolidation has resulted in much higher prices for Americans over time .
- Françoise Baylis, author of Altered Inheritance , spoke with Crux about the moral questions (from a Catholic perspective) surrounding the use and further development of CRISPR technology .
- In the New York Times , Gravity’s Century author Ron Cowen described how Albert Einstein’s 1919 discovery of the general theory of relativity made him the first “science superstar.”
- An excerpt from Sarah Wagner’s What Remains: Bringing America’s Missing Home from the Vietnam War was published at Lapham’s Quarterly .
- Bored, Lonely, Angry, Stupid coauthors Luke Fernandez and Susan Matt wrote at BLARB , the blog of the Los Angeles Review of Books , about the limitations—cultural, psychological, neurological—of recent tech company innovations in artificial emotional intelligence .
- Donna Zuckerberg, author of Not All Dead White Men , spoke with Vox about why the alt-right loves ancient Rome .
- At the New York Daily News , City on a Hill author Alex Krieger unpacked the idea of the “American Dream” —on the occasion of the grand opening, in the New Jersey Meadowlands, of a “destination” shopping mall of the same name.
- Capitalism, Alone author Branko Milanovic spoke with WBUR (Boston, MA)’s Here and Now about recent civil unrest across the globe, attributing it in part to a feeling among the poor of being excluded from the political and social life of their countries—and, increasingly, denied a fair shot at those countries’ income growth .
- At STAT , David Courtwright, author of The Age of Addiction , explicated the interaction between biology and economics—limbic capitalism—that supports today’s vaping and prescription opioid industries (and their associated addictions) .
- At BBC News, Not All Dead White Men author Donna Zuckerberg and Antigone Rising author Helen Morales detailed the long history—dating back to the ancient Greeks—of harassment of women by intimidated men .
- John Danaher discussed Automation and Utopia and the prospect of a “world without work” on Newstalk Ireland’s Futureproof .
- At the Washington Post , Bored, Lonely, Angry, Stupid coauthors Luke Fernandez and Susan Matt analyzed smartphone culture’s impact on human psychology .
- Heather Boushey, author of Unbound: How Inequality Constricts Our Economy and What We Can Do about It , warned in the New York Times that America’s most relied upon measure of economic progress, gross domestic product, fails to measure the reality of inequality —and gives us an increasingly dangerous false sense of security.
- At The Atlantic , The Great Reversal author Thomas Philippon explained that United States only pretends to have free markets —while economic monopoly dings American consumers at every turn.
- Eugene McCarraher, author of The Enchantments of Mammon , argued at Aeon that capitalism trades not in rationality and logic, but instead in a “most beguiling form of enchantment” —and it has remade the moral and ontological universe in its likeness.
- The Paris Review published “The Cult of the Imperfect,” excerpted from Umberto Eco’s On the Shoulders of Giants .
- In the Washington Post , Testosterone coauthors Rebecca Jordan-Young and Katrina Karkazis laid to rest five commonly held myths about the controversial hormone ; on the BBC World Service program Newshour [at 45:00], Karkazis argued that sports organizations must rethink their regulations around T , which are based on a faulty understanding of its role in the body.
- Kimberly Clausing, author of Open , made the progressive case against protectionism in Foreign Affairs .
- A Washington Post feature on the newly revamped for-profit education plans of Edison Schools founder Chris Whittle was informed by a discussion with Education and the Commercial Mindset author Sam Abrams.
- Time published an excerpt from Dan Porat’s Bitter Reckoning: Israel Tries Holocaust Survivors as Nazi Collaborators .
- A New Yorker feature on the shift from theoretical to “data-driven” economics —and the associated impact on governmental policy—centers the work of Heather Boushey, author of Unbound: How Inequality Constricts Our Economy and What We Can Do about It .
- On CBC Radio’s The Current , Altered Inheritance author Françoise Baylis clarified the difference between “germline” and “somatic” gene-editing and warned against making heritable changes to human genes .
- Vox interviewed David Courtwright, author of The Age of Addiction , about capitalism’s role in promoting unhealthy behaviors .
- On The Commonweal Podcast , The Rise of the Latino Vote author Benjamin Francis-Fallon debunked the myth that American Latino voters operate as a unified political bloc —rather, they are a variegated coalition with a diverse array of concrete interests.
- On Innovation Hub (WGBH/PRI), Bored, Lonely, Angry, Stupid coauthors Luke Fernandez and Susan Matt described how Americans’ opinion of solitude worsened, and tolerance for boredom plummeted , as “always-on” capacities increased and jobs became more repetitive.
- In the wake of Atatiana Jefferson’s death at the hands of a police officer in Fort Worth, Texas, just weeks after Amber Guyger was convicted of the murder of Botham Jean in Dallas, Shadows of Doubt coauthor Rajiv Sethi described on WBUR (Boston, MA)’s Here & Now what fuels the use of excessive force by police —and how to proceed when there are not just individual “bad apples” in law enforcement, but “bad orchards.”
- Brian Rosenwald, author of Talk Radio’s America , discussed with CNN’s Michael Smerconish whether Fox News, The Drudge Report , and conservative talk radio may finally turn against Trump .
- Sarah Milov, author of The Cigarette: A Political History , explained on Wisconsin Public Radio’s Central Time how government subsidies and regulation changed public conceptions of cigarette smoking ; and PopMatters published an excerpt from the book.
- The GQ cover story “Voices of the New Masculinity” featured a conversation with Testosterone coauthor Katrina Karkazis about the science behind our conception of masculinity.
- At the Washington Post , Sarah Wagner, author of What Remains: Bringing America’s Missing Home from the Vietnam War , made the case that Donald Trump’s recent lurid description of grieving military families is another example of American leaders’ frequent invocation of military sacrifice to advance their political agendas (in this case, the withdrawal of U.S.troops from Syria).
- Bring the War Home author Kathleen Belew gave Five Books her recommended reading on white supremacy .
- Branko Milanovic, author of Capitalism, Alone , spoke with ProMarket about avoiding plutocracy .
- At The Atlantic , Sarah Milov, author of The Cigarette: A Political History , called for regulations around marijuana cultivation, which currently favor well-connected corporate growers, to be rewritten to favor small, independent farmers—and especially farmers of color, as a form of reparations for the scourge in their communities of the War on Drugs .
- Jennifer Rothman, author of The Right of Publicity , warned in the San Francisco Chronicle that a recently signed California bill, ostensibly designed to aid student athletes, fails to protect their rights to use their own names and likenesses—and to bar others from doing so .
- Jiwei Ci, author of Democracy in China: The Coming Crisis , wrote at Foreign Affairs about the implications for the fragile U.S.–China relationship of an increasingly democratic “social state” in China quietly gaining strength under the radar of its authoritarian government .
- Eugene McCarraher, author of The Enchantments of Mammon , spoke with The Nation about myths and rituals of the market, the lost radicalism of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, and the rise of neoliberalism .
- On WAMU’s 1A , Ghetto author Daniel Schwartz unknotted the twisty linguistics of the term ghetto and analyzed how it has impacted the communities it’s been used to describe .
- Science News interviewed Tom Siegfried about The Number of the Heavens: A History of the Multiverse and the Quest to Understand the Cosmos .
- On WBUR (Boston, MA)’s Here & Now , The Cigarette author Sarah Milov discussed past efforts by the government to promote American tobacco domestically and around the world —and, in the wake of public health pushback, parallels with today’s debate over vaping.
- Talk Radio’s America author Brian Rosenwald discussed the 24-hour news cycle, the FCC’s late “fairness doctrine” (RIP), and today’s “partisan warriors” on The John Rothmann Show (AM 810 KGO, San Francisco, CA).
- An excerpt from Branko Milanovic’s Capitalism, Alone was published at ProMarket .
- A Texas Monthly cover story on “the battle to rewrite Texas history” featured The Injustice Never Leaves You author Monica Muñoz Martinez’s research into long-ignored incidents of racial violence.
- Thomas Philippon, author of The Great Reversal , explained to CNBC’s The Exchange why American markets are a mess—and getting worse .
- At BBC Science Focus , Zwicky author John Johnson Jr. introduced his subject: “eccentric…genius…and uncontained.”
- On Marketplace , The Cigarette author Sarah Milov described Juul’s response to the vaping scare—replacing its CEO and ending U.S. advertising, among other acts—as “strategically conciliatory” —and reminiscent of past gestures by cigarette manufacturers.
- Daniel Schwartz, author of Ghetto: The History of a Word , wrote at Time about the use of the term to describe heavily segregated urban areas in the United States ; Literary Hub published an excerpt from the book.
- Elizabeth Anderson, author of Value in Ethics and Economics , Danielle Keats Citron, author of Hate Crimes in Cyberspace , and Emily Wilson, author of The Death of Socrates , have been named as 2019 MacArthur Fellows .
- An excerpt from T. H. Breen’s The Will of the People , “The Slow Build Up to the American Revolution,” was published at Literary Hub .
- At Vice , Sarah Milov, author of The Cigarette: A Political History , compared “the great American vape panic of 2019” to previous public outcry when, after years of litigation, the dangers of cigarettes were finally disclosed .
- On KUOW (Seattle, WA)’s The Record , The Public Option coauthor Ganesh Sitaraman described the role of government in providing Americans with universally accessible, low or no-cost services—and the variety of public options that could become available if only Americans can muster the political will for them .
- At STAT , Altered Inheritance author Françoise Baylis responded to announcements of successful germline gene editing by Chinese and Russian researchers, calling for “slow science,” deep reflection, and international dialogue among scientists about what constitutes the common good .
- Tony Jack, author of The Privileged Poor , spoke with KERA (Dallas–Fort Worth, TX)’s Think about the upper education challenges of students who are “book smart” but who may lack the socioeconomic class background to succeed on campus .
- Payal Arora, author of The Next Billion Users , discussed with Innovation Hub (WGBH/PRI) the origins of her research in starry-eyed development idealism—and how she pivoted when confronted with the all-too-human preferences of the people she was attempting to uplift .
- At Fortune , How the Other Half Banks author Mehrsa Baradaran considered the implications for the underbanked of Amazon’s new “Paycode” program, which will allow for cash transactions via a partnership with Western Union .
- Literary Hub published an excerpt from Françoise Baylis’s Altered Inheritance , “Will It Ever Be Ethical for Athletes to Edit Their Genes?”
- Global Competition Review interviewed Chris Sagers about United States v. Apple: Competition in America .
- Daniel Schwartz, author of Ghetto: The History of a Word , spoke with the Boston Globe about the “accumulated definitions” of ghetto , and how to unpack the use of the term today.
- On NPR’s All Things Considered , The Privileged Poor Tony Jack decried the minimally harsh sentencing of actress Felicity Huffman in the “Varsity Blues” college admissions scandal .
- On the Yahoo! News podcast The Long Game , Brian Rosenwald, author of Talk Radio’s America , discussed how talk radio and cable news hosts have become the equivalent of party leaders on both the left and right —but without any of the accountability party leadership has traditionally faced.
- The Revolution That Wasn’t author Jen Schradie explained the “activism gap” in social media on the podcast The Politics Guys .
- On WBUR (Boston, MA)’s On Point , Branko Milanovic, author of Capitalism, Alone , discussed how to break the cycles of greed and inequality .
- In the New York Times Magazine ’s 2019 Education Issue, The Privileged Poor author Tony Jack recounted the the hardships he faced as a low-income college student —and how to change the inequitable systems still facing students today.
- Payal Arora, author of The Next Billion Users , spoke with the podcast Creative Next about the current and future uses of AI and digital tech in diverse places such as India, China, Africa, Brazil, and Saudi Arabia .
- African Catholic author Elizabeth Foster wrote at the Washington Post blog Made by History about the growing trend across the African continent toward decolonizing Catholicism .
- Nautilus published an excerpt from Lukas Rieppel’s Assembling the Dinosaur that traces the recent history of dinosaurs alongside that of American capitalism .
- On the Slate podcast The Gist , Talk Radio’s America author Brian Rosenwald considered Rush Limbaugh’s influence on the art of “hijacking political discourse.”
- Kate Eichhorn discussed The End of Forgetting on KQED (San Francisco, CA)’s Forum .
- At the Washington Post , Not All Dead White Men author Donna Zuckerberg critiqued the “debate me” culture popularized by Socrates and now prevalent on social media , arguing that in many cases, “the only winning move is not to play.”
- On the podcast EdSurge on Air , How We Teach Science author John Rudolph explained the downsides of the current approach to teaching the scientific method .
- Daniel Vaca, author of the forthcoming Evangelicals Incorporated , spoke with Slate about the decline of Christian bookstores .
- Bring the War Home author Kathleen Belew explained to CNN’s Fareed Zakaria how disparate groups of neo-Nazis, skinheads, and Klansmen came together to form the today’s White Power Movement .
- Caitlin Rosenthal’s Accounting for Slavery heavily informed a New York Times Magazine interactive feature exploring the brutality of American capitalism via a hard look at the economy and culture of plantations .
- Literary Hub published an excerpt from Nicolas Chevassus-au-Louis’s Fraud in the Lab , on the “Theranos effect”—when spectacular discoveries turn out to be too good to be true .
- Brian Rosenwald, author of Talk Radio’s America , spoke with WAMU’s 1A about the radio roots that shaped today’s GOP .
- Jezebel interviewed Emily Remus about A Shoppers’ Paradise and the early-twentieth-century origins of the “women like shopping” stereotype .
- A CNN.com report on past border violence victims’ descendants’ reactions to the El Paso shooting featured analysis from The Injustice Never Leaves You author Monica Muñoz Martinez.
- On Utah Public Radio’s UnDisciplined , Bored, Lonely, Angry, Stupid coauthors Luke Fernandez and Susan Matt considered which human emotions have been changed the most by recent developments in technology [at 09:50].
- Tony Jack, author of The Privileged Poor , spoke with the Boston Globe about the increasingly recognized phenomenon of financially disadvantaged college students skipping meals .
- The Wall Street Journal spoke with Gropius author Fiona MaCarthy on the occasion of the opening of the new Bauhaus Museum in Dessau, Germany .
- At The Brains Blog , Why Free Will Is Real author Christian List made the naturalistic case for free will .
- An excerpt from Edward Baring’s Converts to the Real: Catholicism and the Making of Continental Philosophy was published in Church Life Journal .
- On the Guardian technology podcast Chips with Everything , The End of Forgetting author Kate Eichhorn described the dangers facing young people who may find it difficult to distance themselves from their pasts —even long into the future.
- Ganesh Sitaraman and Anne Alstott discussed The Public Option with The American Prospect and WGBH (Boston, MA)’s Jim Braude and Margery Eagan .
- Bring the War Home author Kathleen Belew explained the ideology behind the El Paso shooting on PBS NewsHour .
- Monica Muñoz Martinez, author of The Injustice Never Leaves You , analyzed El Paso in the context of past anti-Mexican and anti-Chicano violence on MSNBC’s The Beat and WBUR (Boston, MA)’s On Point .
- Elizabeth Foster, author of African Catholic , discussed with the Washington Post blog Monkey Cage how the Catholic Church responded to the decolonization of the continent .
- The Bloggers Karamazov interviewed Jonathan Paine about Selling the Story: Transaction and Narrative Value in Balzac, Dostoevsky, and Zola .
- In the New York Times , Bring the War Home author Kathleen Belew placed the recent mass shooting in El Paso, TX, squarely within the rising spate of terrorist acts resulting from white nationalism .
- On WNYC’s The Takeaway , Monica Muñoz Martinez, author of The Injustice Never Leaves You , responded to the El Paso shooting in the context of America’s dark—and under-recognized—history of anti-Mexican violence .
- Harvard University Press mourns the recent passing of Toni Morrison , author of The Origin of Others and Playing in the Dark: Whiteness and the Literary Imagination among other critically acclaimed works of fiction and nonfiction; and of educator Vivian Gussin Paley , whose work in early childhood development informed and elevated a generation of classroom teaching.
Black lives matter. Black voices matter. A statement from HUP »
‘manifold glories of classical greek and latin’.
The digital Loeb Classical Library ( loebclassics.com ) extends the founding mission of James Loeb with an interconnected, fully searchable, perpetually growing virtual library of all that is important in Greek and Latin literature.
From Our Blog
A Conversation with Elizabeth Cobbs about Fearless Women
For Women’s History Month, we are highlighting the work of Elizabeth Cobbs, whose new book Fearless Women shows how the movement for women’s rights has been deeply entwined with the history of the United States since its founding. Cobbs traces the lives of pathbreaking women who, inspired by American ideals, fought for the cause in their own ways …
The War in Ukraine: Updated Reading List
It is inconceivable to think that a year has passed since Russia first launched its devastating invasion of Ukraine. The following books shed light on the ongoing conflict and provide a better understanding of Ukrainian history as well as the complicated, intertwined pasts of both countries as the war continues. Recent titles published by the Harvard Ukrainian Research Institute also highlight the voices of Ukrainian writers through timely and harrowing narratives …
Ringing in the New Year with HUP’s 2022 Bestsellers
There is no better way for readers to usher in the new year than by looking back to the books that defined the last. For Harvard University Press, our 2022 bestsellers make up a diverse list of books across time and discipline. …
The Lecture: Bringing to India the Best and Brightest on Ideas and Issues That Matter
HarperCollins and Harvard University Press have a new collaboration: “The Lecture,” a series of talks by writers and thinkers from around the world brought to Indian audiences. The inaugural lecture, “Vivekananda, Guru to the World,” by Professor Ruth Harris …
A New Chapter for Harvard Book Store
Starting in the summer of 2023, for the first time in almost thirty years, Harvard Book Store will have two locations: the flagship store in Harvard Square, and a large new store in the Prudential Center in Boston. For University Press Week we wanted to show some bookseller love, so we reached out to Rachel Cass, General Manager of the Harvard Book Store, to see what’s planned for their exciting new location …
October 31 st marks John Keats’s birthday, and it is also the publication date of Susan J. Wolfson’s new book A Greeting of the Spirit: Selected Poetry of John Keats with Commentaries . We’d like to honor both by sharing Keats’s poem, “To Autumn” …
John Rawls: Speaking in a Shared Political Language
On the occasion of the anniversary of the publication of A Theory of Justice , Andrius Gališanka, author of John Rawls: The Path to a Theory of Justice , reflects on some of Rawls’s ideas on moral and political reasoning …
Celebrating University Press Week
In celebration of the tenth annual University Press Week, we are sharing the “famous last words” from ten of our most noteworthy books of the last ten years. This listicle represents the depth and breadth, not to mention the surprising variety, of titles we’ve published …
Also at the HUP Blog: View our recommendations for anyone seeking a better understanding of the complicated, intertwined pasts of Russia and Ukraine .
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The literary essay is counted as one of the major genres in literature. It is found alongside dramaturgy, narrative and poetry —although with a more didactic nuance—. It is a short text written in prose where the author analyzes, examines or interprets a topic in a subjective but documented way.
Literary analysis means closely studying a text, interpreting its meanings, and exploring why the author made certain choices. It can be applied to novels, short stories, plays, poems, or any other form of literary writing. A literary analysis essay is not a rhetorical analysis, nor is it just a summary of the plot or a book review.
Literary essays are often made to convey a message. For students, it is a way to gauge their knowledge of books or stories they read. Sample essay outlines can be seen on the page to provide further information regarding a literary essay and how the components are placed to maintain the structure of an essay.
A literary analysis essay is an academic assignment that examines and evaluates a work of literature or a given aspect of a specific literary piece. It tells about the big idea or theme of a book you’ve read. The literary essay may be about any book or any literary topic imaginable.
Literature is considered to be a mirror of humanity toward other cultures. Literature has a great impact on society because literature allows us to understand better the world we live in by reflecting on any literary piece that we had watched or read. As what others believe some books mirror society. Save your time!
Writing Process Not Linear, But a Cycle. The preceding categories suggest that writing is a linear process — that is, that you will follow these steps in the following order: prewriting→researching→outlining→drafting→revising→feedback→re-revising→publishing. The reality of the writing process, however, is that as you write you ...
A literary analysis is an essay or written work that examines a piece of literature, such as a novel, poem, play, or short story. The purpose of a literary analysis is to analyze the literary elements, themes, and devices used by the author to convey their message and meaning. This type of analysis involves examining the structure, language ...
Start excitingly by including a quote from the book that emphasizes the central point of your essay. Include the quote as the first sentence of this paragraph and enclose it in quotation marks. Identify the speaker, context, and connection to your essay. At the end of the paragraph, include the thesis statement that illustrates the main idea of ...
The literary essay may be about any book or any literary topic imaginable. A literary analysis essay aims to prove that a writer has examined and evaluated a work of literature in detail. But things might change according to the requirements. Your instructor might ask you to only focus on one particular part of a book or piece of literature.
This last example exactly isn’t of complete good or evil. It just shows how no one is perfect. Caesar was to be the ruler of the Roman Empire. Everyone thought that he was the best person for the job. He was thought of as a …
A literary essay carefully examines and analyzes a piece of literature to make it easy to understand. It breaks the subject into parts and analyzes each part separately. According to a literary analysis essay definition: “It is a type of essay that carefully evaluates a work of literature to understand it better.”
Writing a literature review is fairly complex than writing an essay. This is the main difference between literature review and essay. Usually, economic essays begin either with a thesis, or a topic. It can be written in a narrative or descriptive form, ...
A literary essay is a type of writing in which the author examines and evaluates a piece of literature. This can include novels, short stories, plays, poems, or any other type of literary work. The essay typically includes an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion, and it may focus on a specific aspect of the literature, such as the ...
A literary analysis essay is an important kind of essay that focuses on the detailed analysis of the work of literature. The purpose of a literary analysis essay is to explain why the author has used a specific theme for his work. Or examine the characters, themes, literary devices, figurative language, and settings in the story.
Tajomaru's lies were sparked by his desire to satisfy his ego. The possible lies were the thoughts he had regarding Masago. Any move he took was meant to fulfill his desires.
Example 1: Subjective. Comments. It is a tragic example. Needs improvement: The word “tragic” is an example of emotive language; it invokes in the reader a feeling of sympathy. This argument could be improved by showing the reader why the example is “tragic” through the use of evidence to support your claim.
An essay is an analysis of a work of literature. The main goal of a literary essay is to make an argument regarding the work as a whole. Unlike other essays, the argumentation must be strong. A writer should only use the author’s own words to support his or her ideas, and should avoid colloquial terms and expressions.
According to the American Heritage Dictionary, literature is defined as being the body of written works of a language, period, or culture. An author of any specific type of writing or works can include certain details pertaining to language or other details, which allow the reader to develop a sensory image of that specific period or culture.
Literary analysis is the examination and evaluation of a literary work. When analyzing ...
A literature essay is a type of academic writing, in which you critically analyze different aspects of a literary piece of work. If you are a literature student, your professor more often gives you the assignment to write a literature essay. But the problem starts when he did not tell you how to write.
The argumentative essay is a genre of writing that requires the student to investigate a topic; collect, generate, and evaluate evidence; and establish a position on the topic in a concise manner.Please note: Some confusion may occur between the argumentative essay and the expository essay.
Refer to Literary Essay anchor chart (example, for teacher reference) as necessary. For ELLs: Consider using the corresponding Painted Essay colors when recording the parts of an introductory paragraph on the Literary Essay anchor chart. Provide differentiated mentors by purposefully pre-selecting student partnerships. Consider meeting with ...
essay, an analytic, interpretative, or critical literary composition usually much shorter and less systematic and formal than a dissertation or thesis and usually dealing with its subject from a limited and often personal point of view.
Overall, a literary essay is a detailed and critical analysis of a specific literary work. It requires close reading and analysis of the text, as well as the ability to articulate and support a clear and well-reasoned thesis.
4. Write a draft. Before writing a paper, the first thing to do is to make a draft. That is why in the essay, there are ideas and structure, and that is why before you start writing, you have to be clear about what you want to include. The outline in the form of a rough draft can be considered a very good idea. 5.
Essays do not require research as most academic reports and papers do; however, they should cite any literary works that are used within the paper. When thinking of essays, we normally think of the five-paragraph essay: Paragraph 1 is the introduction, paragraphs 2-4 are the body covering three main ideas, and paragraph 5 is the conclusion.
“What is Literature?” remains the most significant critical landmark of French literature since World War II. Neither abstract nor abstruse, it is a brilliant, provocative performance by a writer more inspired than cautious. “What is Literature?” challenges anyone who writes as if literature could be extricated from history or society.
How to Get the Best Essay Writing Service. Order preparation While our expert is working on your order, you will be able to communicate with them and have full control over the process. Rebecca Geach. #15 in Global Rating. Finest …