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The Future of Sustainability at Pulp and Paper Mills

Located in Espoo, Finland, Aalto University’s Department of Bioproducts and Biosystems (Bio2) is at the forefront of forest products technologies and cutting-edge biotechnology. The school’s research activities target innovative products and solutions for applications ranging from construction and textiles to biomaterials, energy, and biomedicine.

paper mills are

Paper360° Senior Editor Mark Rushton spoke to Professor Olli Dahl, chair of Environmental Technology within Process Industries, about sustainability at pulp and paper mills, opportunities and challenges, and what the future might look like.

P360° : Looking at the pulp and paper industries as a whole, how do they rank in terms of sustainability as they are right now when compared to other industries?

DAHL: The pulp and paper industries are doing very well today. The raw materials used are renewable, the environmental issues are well controlled, and most of the mills are profitable. In this way, they can also create economic and social well-being in their local area. Other industries are struggling mainly with non-renewable raw materials, whose acceptability is declining all the time. In addition, these other industries’ raw material quality has deteriorated, and the quantities have also decreased.

What challenges are the pulp and paper industries facing when it comes to increasing and maintaining their ability to be environmentally sustainable?  

In the pulp industry, the sizes of production units have increased a lot over the last five to 10 years. This development will lead to a high environmental impact locally and regionally. The wood procurement area is growing while CO 2 emissions from transport are also increasing. The ability of forests to sequester carbon must also be taken into account regionally. However, suitably sized pulp mills are excellent platforms for producing bio-based products in a sustainable way, now and in the future.

Paper mills are still of moderate size and direct environmental impacts will not be the issue. In addition, paper mills are switching to producing packaging for consumers and replacing fossil-derived plastic packaging, so environmental performance could not be better. It is also positive that the fibers in packaging can be recycled many times.

What opportunities do you see for these industries going forward to improve their sustainability factors? Is there any ‘low-hanging fruit’ they can already be taking advantage of?

Regarding the pulp industry, in addition to the “normal” products produced at pulp mills, such as pulp for packaging and tissue, higher value cellulose grades should also be considered—for instance, fibers for textile production, or fiber products for food and animal feed. From the forest to clothing and food on dinner tables is a big opportunity for the future of the pulp industry.

These new products will improve the profitability of pulp mills and create more new jobs. This will improve the well-being of regions and people, so the social dimension will be improved.

The opportunities for the paper industry lie in plastic-free board grades, packaging boards, and biodegradable single use products. With efficient R&D development we can create new sustainable products for our society.

There is a lot of talk about opportunities for other bioproducts to be produced from side streams at both pulp and paper mills. Can you comment on what these product possibilities are, and how realistic it is to see them adding significant value to mill revenue?   

Unfortunately, side streams can do little to improve the economy of a pulp mill. Still, they can create the conditions for new companies to become part of the ecosystem and thus create jobs locally. Pulp mills provide a lot of extra heat, but this opportunity has not yet been sufficiently exploited. The ashes from wood burning or gasification have already been processed into fertilizers. Sulfuric flue gases can be used to produce sulfuric acid and methanol can be produced from condensates. So, there are many opportunities for new business where the pulp mill acts as a center and source of raw materials for small and medium enterprises.

In the paper industry, side streams from paper mills can be turned into small specialty products like cat litter and all organics can be used for biogas production. Unfortunately, I don’t see any significant new business coming from them because the volumes are quite small locally. However, co-operation with local communities and a combination of side streams could create a business of sufficient size and thus improve the profitability of exploiting side streams.

What do you see as the most easily achievable bioproducts that can come from mills? What are you favorites?

In addition to traditional products, the processing of paper pulp and wastepaper into dissolving pulp grades and further into textile fibers offers a very high potential for pulp and even paper mills. Decomposing biomass into sugars could also provide an opportunity to produce chemicals. However, this requires a CO 2 tax on similar fossil products to make the business profitable. Also, the processing of wood bark and lignin into new chemicals and materials will provide an opportunity for the production of new bioproducts.

Can you talk about some of the R&D that is being carried out on future products that may emerge from pulp and paper mills?

There are a lot of R&D projects ongoing around the world to develop new bioproducts. The challenge is always that we must compete with fossil products that are already on the market. I see the best opportunities for a variety of fiber products—from packaging to individual fibers ranging in size from nanoscale to micro-sized and used for completely new uses such as construction, as part of asphalt road structures, as part of human food, and for animal feed.

In your opinion, which technologies are making the greatest advances when it comes to improving sustainability, or allowing the production of new bioproducts at mills? 

This is difficult to answer because companies do not reveal their own secrets beforehand. The greatest progress will be made in the processing of cellulose into new textile fiber products and in the processing of lignin for the battery industry. However, the development of new products requires a combination of various technologies and a lot of research to achieve the goals. It seems that the development of new products is at its most advanced in the Nordic countries.

What will modern mills look like 50 years from now?  And what products will they be making other than pulp and paper?

The pulp and paper mills of the future will be waste-free, appropriately sized, more numerous than now, and evenly distributed around the world. Very big mills will be vulnerable due to the challenge of obtaining raw material in all sustainable aspects.

Pulp mills will produce totally new fiber products from nano- to micro-sized; these products will have uses we do not even know yet. In addition, some of the sugars released from fibers, extracts from bark, and lignin separated from black liquor will be processed using novel technologies into chemicals and materials to replace products made from crude oil. Excess electricity will be converted to hydrogen and stored as hydrogen paste and the extra heat will be used in greenhouses, which will be used to grow high-quality medicinal plants.

Paper mills will still make consumer packaging, but they will be energy-positive production facilities where all wastewater organic materials and other organic residues are converted to biogas by anaerobic technology and further to hydrogen paste. Hydrogen and hydrogen paste will evolve into a fuel for all modes of transport. One third of the profitability of paper mills will come from non-packaging products. 

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This ratio is a rough indication of a firm’s ability to service its current obligations. Generally, the higher the current ratio, the greater the "cushion" between current obligations and a firm’s ability to pay them. While a stronger ratio shows that the numbers for current assets exceed those for current liabilities, the composition and quality of current assets are critical factors in the analysis of an individual firm’s liquidity.

Total Revenue / Accounts Receivable

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This figure expresses the average number of days that receivables are outstanding. Generally, the greater the number of days outstanding, the greater the probability of delinquencies in accounts receivable. A comparison of this ratio may indicate the extent of a company’s control over credit and collections. However, companies within the same industry may have different terms offered to customers, which must be considered.

Total Revenue / Closing Inventory

This is an efficiency ratio, which indicates the average liquidity of the inventory or whether a business has over or under stocked inventory. This ratio is also known as "inventory turnover" and is often calculated using "cost of sales" rather than "total revenue." This ratio is not very relevant for financial, construction and real estate industries.

365 / Inventory Turnover Ratio

Dividing the inventory turnover ratio into 365 days yields the average length of time units are in inventory.

Total Revenue / Net Working Capital

Because it reflects the ability to finance current operations, working capital is a measure of the margin of protection for current creditors. When you relate the level of sales resulting from operations to the underlying working capital, you can measure how efficiently working capital is being used. *Net Working Capital = Current Assets - Current Liabilities

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Total Liabilities / Total Assets

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(Net Fixed Assets * 100) / Equity

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This percentage represents the total of cash and other resources that are expected to be realized in cash, or sold or consumed within one year or the normal operating cycle of the business, whichever is longer.

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Average Total Liabilities + Average Total Equity

This figure represents the sum of two separate line items, which are added together and checked against a company’s total assets. This figure must match total assets to ensure a balance sheet is properly balanced.

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PAPER CONVERTING BLOG

What are the top paper mills in the u.s..

Posted by Alan NeSmith on Jan 7, 2014 7:30:00 AM

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That’s why we wanted to create a list of the top five paper mills in the country who deliver us the most consitent and highest quality paper that we rely on and transform into something else. A paper mill is the facility where wood pulp, and recycled fiber is transformed into paper. Here’s a look at a few of the top paper mills in the country:

1. International Paper

International Paper is one of the largest American pulp and paper companies in the world. It has around 61,500 employees, and is headquartered in Memphis, Tennessee  

2. Georgia-Pacific                                                                              

Georgia-Pacific is an American pulp and paper company based in Atlanta, Georgia, and is one of the world's leading manufacturers and distributors of tissue, pulp and paper.

3. Graphic Packaging

Graphic Packaging is one the world’s largest producers of folding cartons and a global leader in coated, recycled boxboard and specialty bag packaging.

4. Rock-Tenn

Rock-Tenn is one of North America’s leading manufacturers of corrugated and consumer packaging. Based in Norcross, Ga., the company operates manufacturing facilities throughout the United States, Canada, Mexico, Chile, Argentina and China with its 26,000 employees.

5. KapStone  

KapStone Paper and Packaging is an American pulp and paper company made up of about 4,500 employees and is based in Northbrook, IL.

At Oren International, we take care of all of your paper converting needs. From custom printing to exact paper sizes for food service paper or industrial paper , we’ve got you covered. Get in touch with us to find out what all we can do for you.  

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Home Resources Research

Paper mills research

COPE and STM undertook a study with Maverick Publishing Services, using data from publishers, to understand the scale of the problem of paper mills. The study also involved interviewing stakeholders - research investigators, publishers, and Retraction Watch. 

All stakeholders believe that the issue of paper mills is a real threat to the integrity of the scholarly record. Collective effort is needed because publishers are clear that they cannot solve this problem alone. A joint effort by publishers, funders and research institutions is needed.

Paper mills research report and recommendations

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List of Paper Mills Companies

Reference

List of the top paper mills companies in the world, listed by their prominence with corporate logos when available. This list of major paper mills companies includes the largest and most profitable paper mills businesses, corporations, agencies, vendors and firms in the world. If you are wondering what the biggest paper mills companies are, then this list has you covered. This list includes the most famous paper mills companies in the industry, so if you're thinking of working in the paper mills industry you might want to look to these company names for jobs. This list includes names of both small and big paper mills businesses.

List companies include International Paper, Wausau-Mosinee Paper Corporation and many additional companies as well.

Bowater

International Paper

KapStone Paper and Packaging Corporation

KapStone Paper and Packaging Corporation

Kruger Products Limited

Kruger Products Limited

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COMMENTS

  1. Paper mill - Wikipedia

    A paper mill is a factory devoted to making paper from vegetable fibres such as wood pulp, old rags, and other ingredients. Prior to the invention and adoption of the Fourdrinier machine and other types of paper machine that use an endless belt, all paper in a paper mill was made by hand, one sheet at a time, by specialized laborers. Contents

  2. The Future of Sustainability at Pulp and Paper Mills

    Paper mills are still of moderate size and direct environmental impacts will not be the issue. In addition, paper mills are switching to producing packaging for consumers and replacing fossil-derived plastic packaging, so environmental performance could not be better. It is also positive that the fibers in packaging can be recycled many times.

  3. List of paper mills - Wikipedia

    Shree Ajit Pulp and Paper Limited [132] Disha Industries Pvt Limited [133] Hindustan Paper Corporation [134] Hindustan Paper Corporation Ltd. Township Area Panchgram - Cachar Paper Mill, Panchgram, Assam [135] Nagaon Paper Mills, Kagaj Nagar, Jagiroad, Assam [136] JK Paper Ltd. Ballarpur Industries.

  4. Paper Mills in the US - Industry Data, Trends, Stats | IBISWorld

    Paper Mills in the US industry outlook (2022-2027) poll Average industry growth 2022-2027: x.x lock Purchase this report or a membership to unlock the average company profit margin for this industry. Paper Mills in the US industry statistics Biggest companies in the Paper Mills industry in the US

  5. The fight against fake-paper factories that churn out sham ...

    Paper-mill detectives In January 2020, Bik and other image detectives who work under pseudonyms — Smut Clyde, Morty and Tiger BB8 — posted, on a blog run by science journalist Leonid Schneider,...

  6. What Are The Top Paper Mills in the U.S.? - oren-intl.com

    A paper mill is the facility where wood pulp, and recycled fiber is transformed into paper. Here’s a look at a few of the top paper mills in the country: 1. International Paper International Paper is one of the largest American pulp and paper companies in the world. It has around 61,500 employees, and is headquartered in Memphis, Tennessee 2.

  7. Potential paper mills - COPE: Committee on Publication Ethics

    Paper mills are quick to adapt to publisher and journal requests and investigation processes, and continue to move the goalposts in order to manipulate the publishing process. So, what can publishers do? Firstly, publishers need to take collective action to put in place appropriate checks and balances, and create cross-publisher policies.

  8. Paper mills research | COPE: Committee on Publication Ethics

    Paper mills are the process by which manufactured manuscripts are submitted to a journal for a fee on behalf of researchers with the purpose of providing an easy publication for them, or to offer authorship for sale

  9. Paper Mills Companies | List of Top Paper Mill Firms - Ranker

    International Paper Manufacturing, Paper Mills International Paper Company is an American pulp and paper company, the largest such company in the world. It has approximately 65,000 employees, and it is headquartered in Memphis, Tennessee. KapStone Paper and Packaging Corporation Paper Mills