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How to Write a Research Paper | A Beginner's Guide

A research paper is a piece of academic writing that provides analysis, interpretation, and argument based on in-depth independent research.

Research papers are similar to academic essays , but they are usually longer and more detailed assignments, designed to assess not only your writing skills but also your skills in scholarly research. Writing a research paper requires you to demonstrate a strong knowledge of your topic, engage with a variety of sources, and make an original contribution to the debate.

This step-by-step guide takes you through the entire writing process, from understanding your assignment to proofreading your final draft.

Table of contents

Understand the assignment, choose a research paper topic, conduct preliminary research, develop a thesis statement, create a research paper outline, write a first draft of the research paper, write the introduction, write a compelling body of text, write the conclusion, the second draft, the revision process, research paper checklist, free lecture slides.

Completing a research paper successfully means accomplishing the specific tasks set out for you. Before you start, make sure you thoroughly understanding the assignment task sheet:

Carefully consider your timeframe and word limit: be realistic, and plan enough time to research, write, and edit.

There are many ways to generate an idea for a research paper, from brainstorming with pen and paper to talking it through with a fellow student or professor.

You can try free writing, which involves taking a broad topic and writing continuously for two or three minutes to identify absolutely anything relevant that could be interesting.

You can also gain inspiration from other research. The discussion or recommendations sections of research papers often include ideas for other specific topics that require further examination.

Once you have a broad subject area, narrow it down to choose a topic that interests you, m eets the criteria of your assignment, and i s possible to research. Aim for ideas that are both original and specific:

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Note any discussions that seem important to the topic, and try to find an issue that you can focus your paper around. Use a variety of sources , including journals, books, and reliable websites, to ensure you do not miss anything glaring.

Do not only verify the ideas you have in mind, but look for sources that contradict your point of view.

In this stage, you might find it helpful to formulate some research questions to help guide you. To write research questions, try to finish the following sentence: “I want to know how/what/why…”

A thesis statement is a statement of your central argument — it establishes the purpose and position of your paper. If you started with a research question, the thesis statement should answer it. It should also show what evidence and reasoning you’ll use to support that answer.

The thesis statement should be concise, contentious, and coherent. That means it should briefly summarize your argument in a sentence or two, make a claim that requires further evidence or analysis, and make a coherent point that relates to every part of the paper.

You will probably revise and refine the thesis statement as you do more research, but it can serve as a guide throughout the writing process. Every paragraph should aim to support and develop this central claim.

A research paper outline is essentially a list of the key topics, arguments, and evidence you want to include, divided into sections with headings so that you know roughly what the paper will look like before you start writing.

A structure outline can help make the writing process much more efficient, so it’s worth dedicating some time to create one.

Your first draft won’t be perfect — you can polish later on. Your priorities at this stage are as follows:

You do not need to start by writing the introduction. Begin where it feels most natural for you — some prefer to finish the most difficult sections first, while others choose to start with the easiest part. If you created an outline, use it as a map while you work.

Do not delete large sections of text. If you begin to dislike something you have written or find it doesn’t quite fit, move it to a different document, but don’t lose it completely — you never know if it might come in useful later.

Paragraph structure

Paragraphs are the basic building blocks of research papers. Each one should focus on a single claim or idea that helps to establish the overall argument or purpose of the paper.

Example paragraph

George Orwell’s 1946 essay “Politics and the English Language” has had an enduring impact on thought about the relationship between politics and language. This impact is particularly obvious in light of the various critical review articles that have recently referenced the essay. For example, consider Mark Falcoff’s 2009 article in The National Review Online, “The Perversion of Language; or, Orwell Revisited,” in which he analyzes several common words (“activist,” “civil-rights leader,” “diversity,” and more). Falcoff’s close analysis of the ambiguity built into political language intentionally mirrors Orwell’s own point-by-point analysis of the political language of his day. Even 63 years after its publication, Orwell’s essay is emulated by contemporary thinkers.

Citing sources

It’s also important to keep track of citations at this stage to avoid accidental plagiarism . Each time you use a source, make sure to take note of where the information came from.

You can use our free citation generators to automatically create citations and save your reference list as you go.

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The research paper introduction should address three questions: What, why, and how? After finishing the introduction, the reader should know what the paper is about, why it is worth reading, and how you’ll build your arguments.

What? Be specific about the topic of the paper, introduce the background, and define key terms or concepts.

Why? This is the most important, but also the most difficult, part of the introduction. Try to provide brief answers to the following questions: What new material or insight are you offering? What important issues does your essay help define or answer?

How? To let the reader know what to expect from the rest of the paper, the introduction should include a “map” of what will be discussed, briefly presenting the key elements of the paper in chronological order.

The major struggle faced by most writers is how to organize the information presented in the paper, which is one reason an outline is so useful. However, remember that the outline is only a guide and, when writing, you can be flexible with the order in which the information and arguments are presented.

One way to stay on track is to use your thesis statement and topic sentences . Check:

Be aware of paragraphs that seem to cover the same things. If two paragraphs discuss something similar, they must approach that topic in different ways. Aim to create smooth transitions between sentences, paragraphs, and sections.

The research paper conclusion is designed to help your reader out of the paper’s argument, giving them a sense of finality.

Trace the course of the paper, emphasizing how it all comes together to prove your thesis statement. Give the paper a sense of finality by making sure the reader understands how you’ve settled the issues raised in the introduction.

You might also discuss the more general consequences of the argument, outline what the paper offers to future students of the topic, and suggest any questions the paper’s argument raises but cannot or does not try to answer.

You should not :

There are four main considerations when it comes to the second draft.

The goal during the revision and proofreading process is to ensure you have completed all the necessary tasks and that the paper is as well-articulated as possible.

Global concerns

Fine-grained details

Check the content of each paragraph, making sure that:

Next, think about sentence structure , grammatical errors, and formatting . Check that you have correctly used transition words and phrases to show the connections between your ideas. Look for typos, cut unnecessary words, and check for consistency in aspects such as heading formatting and spellings .

Finally, you need to make sure your paper is correctly formatted according to the rules of the citation style you are using. For example, you might need to include an MLA heading  or create an APA title page .

Scribbr’s professional editors can help with the revision process with our award-winning proofreading services.

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Checklist: Research paper

I have followed all instructions in the assignment sheet.

My introduction presents my topic in an engaging way and provides necessary background information.

My introduction presents a clear, focused research problem and/or thesis statement .

My paper is logically organized using paragraphs and (if relevant) section headings .

Each paragraph is clearly focused on one central idea, expressed in a clear topic sentence .

Each paragraph is relevant to my research problem or thesis statement.

I have used appropriate transitions  to clarify the connections between sections, paragraphs, and sentences.

My conclusion provides a concise answer to the research question or emphasizes how the thesis has been supported.

My conclusion shows how my research has contributed to knowledge or understanding of my topic.

My conclusion does not present any new points or information essential to my argument.

I have provided an in-text citation every time I refer to ideas or information from a source.

I have included a reference list at the end of my paper, consistently formatted according to a specific citation style .

I have thoroughly revised my paper and addressed any feedback from my professor or supervisor.

I have followed all formatting guidelines (page numbers, headers, spacing, etc.).

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Microsoft 365 Life Hacks > Writing > How to write an introduction for a research paper

How to write an introduction for a research paper

Beginnings are hard. Beginning a research paper is no exception. Many students—and pros—struggle with how to write an introduction for a research paper.

This short guide will describe the purpose of a research paper introduction and how to create a good one.

a research paper being viewed on a Acer TravelMate B311 2-in-1 on desk with pad of paper.

What is an introduction for a research paper?

Introductions to research papers do a lot of work.

It may seem obvious, but introductions are always placed at the beginning of a paper. They guide your reader from a general subject area to the narrow topic that your paper covers. They also explain your paper’s:

Your introduction will cover a lot of ground. However, it will only be half of a page to a few pages long. The length depends on the size of your paper as a whole. In many cases, the introduction will be shorter than all of the other sections of your paper.

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Why is an introduction vital to a research paper?

The introduction to your research paper isn’t just important. It’s critical.

Your readers don’t know what your research paper is about from the title. That’s where your introduction comes in. A good introduction will:

Without a clear introduction, your readers will struggle. They may feel confused when they start reading your paper. They might even give up entirely. Your introduction will ground them and prepare them for the in-depth research to come.

What should you include in an introduction for a research paper?

Research paper introductions are always unique. After all, research is original by definition. However, they often contain six essential items. These are:

These six items are emphasized more or less, depending on your field. For example, a physics research paper might emphasize methodology. An English journal article might highlight the overview.

Three tips for writing your introduction

We don’t just want you to learn how to write an introduction for a research paper. We want you to learn how to make it shine.

There are three things you can do that will make it easier to write a great introduction. You can:

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Starting Your Research Paper: Writing an Introductory Paragraph

The Dreaded Introductory Paragraph

Writing the introductory paragraph can be a frustrating and slow process -- but it doesn't have to be.  If you planned your paper out, then most of the introductory paragraph is already written.  Now you just need a beginning and an end.

Here's an introductory paragraph for a paper I wrote.  I started the paper with a factoid, then presented each main point of my paper and then ended with my thesis statement.

  Breakdown:

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Guide on How to Write a Research Paper Introduction

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Inhaltsverzeichnis

Research Paper Introduction – Definition

The research paper introduction arrests the reader’s attention from a general perspective to one specific area of a study. It outlines a summary of the research being conducted by condensing current understanding and background information about the topic, presenting the importance of the research in the form of a hypothesis, research questions , or research problem. It also outlines the methodological approach touching the likely outcomes that your study can reveal, and describing the remaining structure of the research paper.

Research paper introduction in academic writing is widely used in the presentation of a thesis and academic work. This article highlights the best ways to go about writing a captivating introduction to help you fine-tune your writing skills at the introductory level.

What is the purpose of a research paper introduction?

It establishes the depth, the context, and the importance of the research by summarizing and bringing the reader’s attention to your thesis. The research topic should be clear from the get-go. The introduction needs to draw in the reader whilst summarizing for them what it is that they’re about to read.

How do you start a research paper introduction?

You start the introduction of the research paper by presenting what your research paper is about. You’ll need some great sentence starters and transition words because your introduction needs to be well written in order to envoke the reader’s interest. Don’t forget to create some context and inform the reader about the research you have carried out.

How do you write a research paper introduction?

Draft your introduction on a piece of paper and edit it extensively before you add it to the final copy of your research paper. Be sure to refer to the research paper outline that you created before you started writing. Your sentences should be short and precise. It’s also important that you do not oversell your ideas at this point- remember that you’re still trying to draw the reader in.

What do you include in a research paper introduction?

You should highlight the key aspects of your thesis. It’s important that your thesis statement is placed towards the end of your research paper introduction. You are essentially briefly introducing the reader to concepts that they will come across in your research work.

How do you write a research paper introduction to a scientific research paper?

The information included in a scientific research paper introduction is very similar to what you would include in any other research paper . However, the overall structure of a scientific research paper is a bit different as you’ll need to include sections like ‘materials’ and ‘scientific processes’. Your introduction to a scientific research paper should highlight sufficient background information on the experiment that you did, making it easy for readers to understand and evaluate your research work.

What is the rationale in the research paper introduction?

The rationale for research is the highlight of why your research topic is worthy of the study and experimentation and how it adds value to already existing research works. You will probably need to bury yourself in books, do your research in the library and undertake descriptive research for your specific field. You need to become an expert in your chosen field and you should know exactly what you are contributing to the academic community with your research.

Tip: Read about the different parts of a research paper for a full rundown of which parts go where.

Research Paper Introduction: Structure

The structure of a research paper introduction should contain the main goal and the objective of the research. It should be a concise but enlightening outline of the soon-after context. Here you are required to state your rationale or reasons why you want to major into a particular subject or instead what problems you seek to solve in the subject matter.

Therefore, you need  comprehensible argumentation to emphasize the importance of your research topic to your reader. In addition, you want to excite the readers curiosity for the subject. Below you will find the prime points to create a convincing research paper introduction.

The Do’s and Don’ts

One of the things that should be evident throughout your research paper introduction is honesty to your readers. This will go a long way in establishing a piece of research work that can be relied on by other students and researchers in the future. You will also not find it hard explaining the rest of the research paper to the panellists.

Research paper introduction Do`s

• Your research paper introduction should be short, accurate and precise. Don´t tell stories at the introductory level of your research.

• Pick-point the ideas you want to talk about and the methodologies that you have derived from the course work for you to solve the hindrances that you encountered on the ground.

• Refer to diverse research paper introduction works and make sure to look for up-to-date researches for your thesis.

• Provide tangible shreds of evidence and supporting arguments to blueprint your findings, and at least prove the fact that what you are presenting is well researched as well as authentic.

• Find it worth to include relevant terms, may it be scientific or mathematical or even theological.

• Always remember to proofread your work.

• Scrutinize your research paper introduction before presentation for reliability and present it with utmost logic to show how it supports your research and not a mere throwing in of figures.

Research paper introduction Don`ts

• Do not try explaining ideas that do not answer your research questions . This is a mere waste of time and will not lead to any new conclusion about your research paper introduction work.

• Do not write a lengthy research paper introduction. What will you write in the rest of the paper if you tell it all here?

• Do not state incomplete reasons for carrying out the research. You want to be as convincing as possible in your research paper introduction.

• Do not exceed the stated word limit. It brings about the fact that you do not know what you are talking about, instead, you present yourself as a bluff.

• Do not plagiarize your research paper introduction, just like any other portion of your research work. Check this before any submissions. Make sure all the hypothetical findings are genuine and unique.

Research Paper Introduction: Example

Research Paper Introduction Example

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Learn How to Write an Introduction for a Research Paper

Updated 14 Jun 2022

Though introduction to any writing is frequently associated with beginning, it's not that simple for an introduction to a research paper. Here you can find a guide on how to write an introduction for a research paper, which presents a topic to the reader. While creating an introduction students frequently get lost in the consistency of their thoughts. But following the structure and simple rules, you will succeed with your writing and get the desired mark.

What is a Research Paper Introduction?

An introduction is the initial part of a research paper and the part that a reader is likely to read first (at least when focusing deeply and reading it in detail). Hence, definitions, notions, and other information required for understanding the paper are presented/listed here.

Every research paper needs context so that readers can understand why you have created it. This is exactly what you can do in your research paper introduction. Of course, this can mean that your introduction is the hardest part of an essay to write first. So, it is essential that you take your time and make sure you get it right.

The introduction of writing is going to set out your rationale, which is what research will be based around. Your readers should be able to tell what they are reading right from the beginning and whether it interests them.

It is essential that you make the beginning of your research paper interesting and engage with your readers from the first line. This will make sure that people continue to read and learn about what you have found out. You should also state a hypothesis and the way you think your work will turn out in conclusion. You must always include an introduction to your paper.

Sana Shaikh

Sana Shaikh

"Introductions need to be organized, succinct, and clear. Clear writing is essential when writing a research paper. Often, students work so hard in crafting an interesting hook that the rest of the introduction devolves into another direction. For students, I always recommend clearly identifying what your thesis is - what are you planning on focusing on for your paper? As a reader, do I know what the premise of the paper is before I continue reading? For research papers, engagement is in the pithiness of writing and the organizational structure. In introductions particularly, the statement of organization is vital. The statement of organization dictates how the rest of the paper will be structured and what the reader should look to when they are reading. For research papers, follow your passions. What interests you? What is a topic that keeps you up at night? What are you passionate about? Finding a topic that resonates with you is key when aiming to write ideas clearly." Sana Shaikh, PhD, Director of School Operations in Springfield Public Schools

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Writing an Introduction to a Research Paper – What to Include

So, what should you include in your introduction? We will give you a list below so that you can prepare a research paper introduction outline and follow it when you are writing.

Writing a research paper introduction

What are the parts of the introduction in research?

The introduction of a research paper may contain a few other parts/elements such as the chief goal(s) and objectives of the research, a brief but informative outline of the following content, explained, concept definitions, a brief history of the research into the topic, recent related discoveries, etc.

Start with Announcing Your Topic

There are many research topics . The topic is the fundament of any writing you prepare. Regarding, the angle you look at your topic, it will reflect different aspects. It’s better to begin with outlining your topic. There is no secret on how to start a research paper intro: you should just state your topic and add some connected with topic issues that bothers you a lot. This is a perfect strategy to intrigue the reader.

It is recommended to start with general info and then narrowing down to specific aspects. Try not to deepen into a state of things in the beginning, but explain your view on the topic. If you are going to use some difficult expressions in the central part of an essay, make them clear to any reader and point out their connection with your topic.

Review the Literature

Developing a statement in the main body, you will need some literature sources to refer to. While your idea can sound a bit subjectively, if you maintain it with citations extracted from works of famous scientists, authors, or philosophers, you will prove your point. Don’t neglect modern time scholars that are being deeply concerned about the issue or opinion you stated. The introduction should briefly state what the literature will be about.

Stress on Rationale

The rationale is the key element of your beginning. Once you stated the topic, it’s time to prove it’s relevant and gives readers food for thought. The rationale serves as an indicator of both the importance of your essay and your attitude to the issue. The rationale should be laconic and precise to show the reader the significance of your research.

State Your Thesis

The thesis statement marks the conclusive part of the introduction for the research paper or research summary and transition to the actual research. This sentence supports all the things you have written before and collects all your ideas in a logical and concise saying. If your subject is too complicated, you should make the thesis statement comprehensible with it. The thesis is what runs through your paper. That’s why the intro where a thesis is stated sets the tone for the entire work.

Your thesis should:

If all these are ready, the only thing left is to make the outline for research paper  structure.

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Conclude With the Outline

When all the important work is done, it’s time for the outline of the research paper’s structure. Not every mentor requires the structure overview in the introduction, but sometimes students are asked to stress on few aspects of their future research. This is not about the detailed depiction of every part of your work. The outline is a short paragraph, which consists of 3 or 4 sentences and represents your plan for the entire paper. You can also look for some essay introduction examples to grab some ideas.

View an Example of an Introduction in Research Paper

Sometimes, it is best to explore an example of an introduction in a research paper in order to understand it better. Check out the example that we have created:

Did you know that there are currently over 2.3 million Americans incarcerated for their crimes? While it is widely believed that prison should be the punishment for crime, statistics find that 77 percent of prisoners will re-offend once they are released. This suggests that prison is not working to reduce recidivism. My research paper aims to demonstrate that prison does not work as a way to prevent crime and that alternatives should be considered, such as restorative justice and other community sentencing.

Writing Tips for Students Who Want to Know all About Introduction

Elizabeth M. Minei

Dr. Elizabeth M. Minei

"A strong introduction to a research paper should probably be written last. The introduction needs to include: 1) what the topic is focused on, 2) how the research was conducted(method), 3) what the findings are (generally), 4) and how the paper contributes to the overall field. These items are often unanswerable until the paper is complete. An introduction should also absolutely have a few sentences that specifically detail what they will read in the upcoming pages. Research Papers are NOT like fiction writing where you might want to sustain the mystery—instead,you want to show them the payoff up front. If the reader gets to the end of the introduction and does not know what to expect in the rest of the paper, you may have missed the mark." Dr. Elizabeth M. Minei, PhD, Associate Professor at Baruch College, Founder and C.E.O. of EMinei Consulting

So, how to write an intro for a research paper?

Is writing including concepts that are going to be complicated for the average reader to understand? If the answer is yes, this means that you should take your time to explain them as best as you can in your introduction. This includes any jargon or terms that you think will be important to know before reading your findings and analysis.

You want to capture your reader’s attention right from the beginning. If you are not sure how to do that effectively, think about including a quotation that captures the heart of the topic. This will be particularly true if your essay is for social subjects, such as English, History, and humanities. It is going to help create a picture in the reader’s head, and they will remember this when they are reading your work. Depending on the subject of your paper, it could also include a striking statistic.

Readers need to know not only why you are conducting a particular research topic, but also how you intend to do it. It means that your introduction should set out the structure that will be followed in your article. It will allow a reader to easily navigate between different parts and make sure that it all makes sense.

Need Additional Help?

As you see, writing research papers introduction is not that challenging if you follow the guide. But sometimes even the smartest students fail in choosing a competitive topic and building a solid thesis. Even if you consider your topic important, it can seem questionable for your professor. How to write an introduction for a research paper and make it flawless?

We present you with professional help from writers who are full of new ideas to reflect them in your assignment! Browsing “how to write a research paper introduction” and trying to write a paper on your own you may lose those precious hours of your time. Asking us for help, you will get rid of your constant worries. Can you write my research papers ? Yes, we can! Presenting only top-notch content, we help many students achieve the desired outcome and improve their academic performance. Our writers don’t tolerate plagiarism - real professionals create their writings from scratch. We believe that even the most complicated task has the simplest solution and our paper writers can always find it. If you doubt, place your order and get assured we don’t mouth empty words!

How do you write a good intro?

Writing a good intro requires matching well the information in it with the rest of the paper – it must “serve” the needs of the rest of the paper. It should introduce the reader smoothly into the topic and facilitate an easy read (without requiring the excessive aid of external sources).

How do you write an introduction for a research paper?

In case you have difficulties starting with the introduction first, a fairly universal advice is to write it last (apart from the thesis, goals, and objectives). Thus, after writing other sections (that have a clearer/ more rigid structure) you’ll be able to decide both on the type of content that would match better the rest of your paper but also on the word count you can dedicate to this section.

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how to start a research paper intro

Five Different Ways to Start an Introduction for a Research Paper

Benjamin twist, 27 jun 2018.

Five Different Ways to Start an Introduction for a Research Paper

If you've ever read a research paper that had you head-bobbing after the first sentence, then you know how important the introductory paragraph is. You have a limited amount of time to grab your reader and pull her in, so don't make her yawn in the first sentence. The best introductions start in a way that creates a connection between the reader's interest or experience and the research and conclusions you intend to present.

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1 Defining Unfamiliar Terms

In a paper that deals with a particularly specialized topic or a term your audience is unlikely to be familiar with, you can start your introduction by defining a central word or phrase. Do not use this if a definition will not add useful information. Starting an essay with a dictionary definition of a common word, for example, is a cliched and shallow practice that you should avoid. Instead, give a definition while hinting at the angle, focus or thesis of your paper.

2 Adding an Anecdote or Quotation

This method eases the reader into the substance of your paper by providing a memorable and relevant story or a quotation from a well-known person or work. Pick something that is engaging in its own right, but that also creates a connection to your research paper's central thesis. You may draw, for example, from a legend or myth that seeks to answer the same question you did or share the experience of a famed researcher in your field. A dictionary of quotations can help you find quotations related to your topic.

3 Creating a Contrast

One way to help a reader grasp the scope of your topic is to start with the part you do not cover or a position you disagree with. For example, you may state what a long-standing theory holds, then transition, with a word like "however" or "but," to describe the contrasting conclusions your research leads to. This technique is particularly useful in argumentative essays or if you will be presenting your paper in a setting where alternate conclusions will also be proposed.

4 Following the Funnel Method

Like a physical funnel, a funnel method introduction starts broadly and gets progressively narrower to end with the thesis statement. This technique provides a natural way to create a connection between your reader's broad familiarity with your field and your specific research topic. If your topic has multiple components, such as "teaching math to developmentally disabled kindergarten students," you can start with a sentence about one component and narrow it by adding another component in each sentence. In this example, you might start with a broad statement about teaching math, then teaching math in kindergarten, then state your full thesis.

5 Foreshadowing the Conclusion

Sometime, providing your conclusion in advance can help the reader understand what to look for as she reads the rest of your paper. When using this method, bear in mind that the reader will not yet know about the research, methods and context you explain in the paper. Frame your conclusion as a simplified hint about the direction in which you will be moving, rather than a detailed or technical statement. Make sure that the conclusion of your paper adds more information and develops the results you hint at in the introduction.

About the Author

Benjamin Twist has worked as a writer, editor and consultant since 2007. He writes fiction and nonfiction for online and print publications, as well as offering one-on-one writing consultations and tutoring. Twist holds a Master of Arts in Bible exposition from Columbia International University.

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How To Write A Research Paper

How To Start A Research Paper

Nova A.

How to Start a Research Paper - An Easy Guide

Published on: Jun 18, 2021

Last updated on: Jan 3, 2023

how to start a research paper

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Writing a research paper is the most challenging academic assignment type. It is a form of writing that pushes students into writer’s block.

The beginning process is the same, no matter which field or subject you are drafting a research paper. There are some basic steps that every high school or college student takes to begin with this assignment.

Continue reading the blog to learn how to start a research paper following simple steps and tips.

What is a Research Paper?

A research paper is a form of writing that provides an in-depth analysis, interpretation, and evaluation of a particular topic. It can be considered as an extended academic essay that students to present their research and writing skills.

Writing a research paper means that the writer demonstrates high knowledge of the topic using strong evidence.

A research paper is a final assignment that is often required to complete the degree or term. It is based on several parts that together form one complete piece of document.

Scoring well in this task is as important as anything. Conducting research and writing a paper is a daunting task. So to make your efforts fruitful, draft it correctly. Learning  how to write a research paper  is essential to succeed in your academic life.

How to Start a Research Paper?

Taking a start on your research paper can give you a callous time, when dealing with it for the first time. Professionals believe that starting a paper is way more complicated than ending it up.

Even if you are a good essay writer, drafting a research paper can be a challenge. Unlike an academic essay, a research paper involves detailed research and knowledge of the topic’s every aspect.

Expert writers have gathered some steps to help the students start writing their complicated research papers. Follow these steps to make the writing process simpler.

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1. Understand the Assignment

To start your research paper, understand the assignment first. Then, carefully read and understand the guidelines provided to know what you are required to present in the paper.

The research paper’s instructions state which format to produce, the paper’s length, and which paper parts to present separately. For example, a few instructors require a separate abstract for the research paper, while others do not.

It is in the guidelines about choosing MLA, APA, Chicago, or Harvard formatting and citation style.

2. Choose a Topic

Once you have understood the assignment, brainstorm ideas for your research topic. Think of issues or topics that interest you or you are passionately talking about. Make sure that your topic is interesting and worth writing a research paper.

A trick to ensure maximum readership of your document is to know who your audience is and what interests them. Moreover, it is also important to determine whether the available information is enough to study your topic or not.

Avoid choosing paper topics for which there are limited sources of information.

3. Conduct Research

Conduct research and gather information. Note down any important piece of information that you think compliments and focuses on your topic. It is essential to keep in mind only to consult reliable resources for your research paper. For example, go through books, journals, previous papers, and other authentic sources to collect information.

At this moment, come up with a research question to give a direction to your research. Moreover, this assignment is solely based on strong information so conduct depth research.

4. Develop a Thesis Statement

The most important element of a research paper is a thesis statement. A thesis statement is part of the introduction section of the document. It is the writer’s stance on the topic on which he persuades the audience.

Although coming up with a thesis statement is time-consuming, do not rush and select the first idea. However, brainstorm and research before you decide on the main argument. Write a thesis statement and provide a structure for your paper.

5. Draft an Outline

Once you have researched and gathered the information on your topic, it is time to create an outline. Your data needs logical ordering to be readable and understandable for the readers.

A research paper has several parts. All of the information is divided among these sections to give your paper a representable structure. Following are the parts of the research paper:

Arranging the information in these sections will let you organize your research, making it persuasive for the readers.

How to Start an Introduction to a Research Paper?

An introduction is the first section of your paper that hooks the reader or motivates them to read the entire document. In this section, the writer introduces the topic and the primary purpose of his research.

Writing the introduction perfectly is the most crucial yet essential step. If your opening paragraph is impressive, the entire paper will fall into place.

To make the introductory paragraphs on point, take a good start and choose appropriate words and phrases. Open your introduction using a relevant and catchy hook statement. Depending on the topic and the field you are drafting a research paper for, choose an engaging statement.

There are various good ideas for your hook statement, such as:

Basically, anything that you feel will entice the audience can be used as a hook statement to open the introductory paragraphs. Make sure to stay focused and precise while drafting an introduction.

The key points of the introductory paragraphs are then elaborated in the rest of the paper, mainly in the body section. Support your thesis statement by presenting all the researched and analyzed information in this chapter.

Research Paper Introduction Example (PDF)

How to Start a Conclusion of a Research Paper?

A concluding paragraph is as important as an introductory paragraph. The success of a research paper depends on a strong opening and an even stronger conclusion.

The concluding paragraph of a research paper consists of a restated thesis statement and the primary research question. It gives closure to the whole discussion and explains how the writer’s claim is proved right.

When drafting a conclusion, keep in mind not to add any new information. The reason being, new ideas and information will only confuse the readers, making the primary purpose vague and implicit.

The purpose of drafting a conclusion section is to tie all loose ends together. Make sure it is well structured and written.

Research Paper Conclusion Example (PDF)

Writing a research paper can be daunting if you haven’t planned the entire process. From the begging till the last bibliography section, each part has a particular significance that can not be overlooked.

Tips for Writing a Research Paper

The following are the tips that every writer should follow when start writing a research paper.

Professionals suggest getting an expert’s help if you are drafting a research paper for the first time. Whether you need help in structuring the paper, developing the bibliography, or proofreading, visit  CollegeEssay.org .

We are the best essay writing service that provides professional assistance to students for all their academic writing needs.

Be it a straightforward  college essay  or a complicated research paper, expert writers can provide custom writing services.

Hire an expert by placing your  order  today at the most reasonable price.

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As a Digital Content Strategist, Nova Allison has eight years of experience in writing both technical and scientific content. With a focus on developing online content plans that engage audiences, Nova strives to write pieces that are not only informative but captivating as well.

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how to start a research paper

Steve Gallik

How To Do An Introduction For A Pathology Paper

by Prof. Stephen Gallik | Mar 2, 2023 | Pathology

how to start a research paper intro

Pathology is the study of the structure and function of the body’s organs and tissues. It is a branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of disease. A pathology paper is a scientific document that reports on the findings of a pathological investigation. The paper should be concise and well-organized, and it should clearly state the purpose of the investigation and the main findings . The introduction is the most important part of the paper, as it should grab the reader’s attention and give an overview of the content. The introduction should start with a general statement about the topic of the paper, followed by a more specific statement about the purpose of the paper. The introduction should then provide an overview of the main points that will be discussed in the paper. The body of the paper should provide a detailed discussion of the findings of the investigation. The discussion should be based on the evidence presented in the paper, and it should be clear and concise. The conclusion should summarize the main points of the paper and state the implications of the findings. The conclusion should also offer suggestions for further research.

How Do You Write An Introduction And Conclusion For A Research Paper?

How Do You Write An Introduction And Conclusion For A Research Paper?

To write an introduction and conclusion for a research paper , you will need to first determine what your thesis or main argument is. Once you have done this, you can then begin to craft your introduction. The introduction should give the reader an overview of your paper and introduce your thesis. After the introduction, you will need to write a body, which will develop your argument further. Finally, you will need to write a conclusion, which will summarise your paper and offer a final thoughts on your argument.

Writing an introduction to a research paper can be a difficult task for students. The goal of this guide is to help you create an excellent introduction . An introduction is a document that can take up to a few pages to complete. The length of a piece of paper is determined by how large it is as a whole. If your research lacks a clear introduction, your readers may struggle to follow it. The introduction will help them gain a better understanding of the topic and prepare them for future research. The introduction of a research paper should contain at least six essential elements. The three things you can do to make your introduction easier to write are as follows.

What Is Introduction And Conclusion In Research?

The introduction should serve as a starting point for your essay, provide context for your topic, and highlight your focus. You should also include a link to engage your readers’ curiosity. Your essay will be completed with a strong conclusion that allows you to move your ideas further into the future while providing you with a sense of closure.

The Importance Of Introductions And Conclusions In Essays

The introduction typically introduces the essay’s main ideas, whereas the conclusion summarizes and summarizes the essay’s ideas. Furthermore, introduction and conclusion can provide a broader understanding of the essay while also tying together the essay’s main points. In an introduction, you should outline the main ideas and provide a general overview of the essay. This should also serve as the starting point for the rest of the essay. It is critical to have a good introduction in order to assist the reader in understanding what the essay is about. The conclusion should summarize the main points of the essay in order to assist the reader in understanding the overall concept of the essay. In addition to providing a broader perspective, they should link the essay’s major ideas. A good conclusion will help the reader understand what the essay is about and provide a summary of the main ideas. Aside from providing a broader view of the essay, it will also serve as a link to the key points.

How To Start A Pathophysiology Paper

How To Start A Pathophysiology Paper

There is no one answer to this question as it depends on the focus of the paper. However, some tips on how to start a pathophysiology paper include introducing the topic and providing an overview of the pathophysiology of the chosen condition. It is also important to discuss how the condition affects the body and the symptoms that result from it. Additionally, the paper should discuss treatment options and prognosis.

Every nursing student is expected to write a Pathophysiology paper. This branch of medical practice focuses on disease management and injury management as part of patient care. Many nursing students consider nursing pathology paper to be a difficult task. It is best to consider using nursingwritingservices.com for your nursing writing services. NursingWritingServices.com offers online nursing paper writing service to you as a nursing paper writer. It includes an integrated plagiarism checker. Every day, we provide 100% original Nursing PICO projects.

Live chat with your writer guides on your expectations and suggestions as they work on your requests. It’s as simple as selecting from hundreds of writers and selecting your favorite to write the Nursing Pico. A good nursing paper reduces stress for a student and allows them to grow in their academic and general education programs. It is equally important that any Nursing Pathophysiology paper or other such document is written in a way that the intended reader understands. All you have to do is place an order, send all of the necessary files, and get the paper on your desk before the deadline. We begin with the most basic questions. Because we have experts who are specially trained in different fields of study, we can offer assignments in all fields of study.

Nursingwritingservices.com’s writers have extensive experience in nursing writing and have a firm understanding of what is expected from them. It is nothing more convenient than to assign your Picot tasks to an expert. The nursing assignment must be understood and explained in the simplest possible way by all of us.

How Do You Write A Pathophysiology Paper?

An admission paper should include information about your patient’s primary medical condition (the reason they were admitted). Your clinical research will most likely focus on the pathophysiology of the disease process, as well as how it affects your patients.

What Is The Introduction To Pathophysiology?

Pathophysiological research seeks to determine how normal mechanical, physical, and biochemical functions are affected by disease or a condition that may not qualify as a disease.

Is Intro To Pathophysiology Hard?

Pathophysiology is regarded as one of the most difficult courses nursing students will have to take during their education. Here are some suggestions to assist nursing students in making the most of this course. Take the time to read and reread the material. The best way to memorize this course is to go over it again and again.

Article On Pathology

Article On Pathology

Pathology is the study of the structure and function of the body’s organs and tissues. It is a branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of disease. Pathologists use a variety of techniques to examine tissues and organs. They often use microscopes to examine tissue samples . Pathologists also use laboratory tests to diagnose diseases.

The Journal of Pathology bridges the gap between basic biomedical science and clinical medicine. This journal provides high-impact research on the pathophysiological and pathogenetic mechanisms of human disease, as well as their mechanisms of action. To read this month’s Editor’s Choice article, please visit this link: every month, the Editor selects an article for free. Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a major contributor to invasive cervical cancer, according to a review of the scientific literature. Examining the pathogenesis and transmission pathways of SARS-caused coronaviruses in patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS-CoV) provides insight into how these viruses circulate.

The Three Faces Of Pathology

Anatomical pathology , which investigates disease in organs and tissues, has a long history. This branch of medicine is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular, endocrine, gastrointestinal, nervous, and urinary diseases. The field of clinical pathology studies the causes, diagnoses, and treatments of disease. Blood diseases, cancer, infectious diseases, and immune system disorders are just a few examples of diseases studied. A disease is classified as molecular pathology if it has characteristics that are specific to a disease. Cancer, genetic diseases, and genetic disorders are all studied in this area.

Fresh Pathology Term Paper Topic

There are many fresh pathology term paper topics to choose from. Some examples include: the study of a specific disease or disorder, the study of a specific organ or body system, the study of a specific cell type, and the study of a specific disease process.

The Difference Between Research Papers And Term Papers

A research paper, on the other hand, is typically a longer, more detailed piece of writing that focuses on a specific topic in greater depth than a term paper. A student will typically write it, which will usually be due at the end of the semester. Students write term papers that are typically shorter and concentrate on a single issue or topic that they have chosen themselves. They are written by a group of students in collaboration, and they are usually due at the end of the semester.

Writing Introductions

The introduction of a piece of writing is important because it sets the tone and gives the reader an idea of what to expect. A good introduction will make the reader want to keep reading, while a bad introduction will turn the reader off. There are a few things to keep in mind when writing an introduction: 1) Keep it short and to the point. 2) Start with a hook to grab the reader’s attention. 3) Give some background information on the topic. 4) Finally, state the main point or thesis of the piece.

You must have a strategy in place to get people to click on your article in order to promote it. It is a form of art to persuade readers to read an article in the first place. In this post, I will show you how to write effective introductions that turn casual web browsers into readers. If you start with something overly predictable or boring, you may lose readers. Assume that the reader already read the article and does not repeat the title. When writing about a reader, it is critical to use the word you at least once. Demonstrate the significance of the article in 1-2 sentences.

If you don’t write an effective blog post introduction , you run the risk of being labeled as a bad writer, as well as being overlooked by potential customers, subscribers, leads, and even potential supporters. You have two options for telling a story in your introduction: good or bad. Remember the tip about introducing yourself slowly and carefully? When you’re telling a story, you can still do so. Writing effective introductions is a challenge, and it takes practice and time. If you begin your post by explaining how frequently old pipes burst during the winter, your readers may be drawn in. The article must begin, and you must be able to read past the introduction to enjoy the material.

How Do You Write A Good Introduction?

In your essay introduction , three things should be mentioned: an opening hook that piques the reader’s interest, followed by an explanation of what you will be writing about. A summary of the reader’s background information. A thesis statement can be used to express your point or argument.

Prof. Stephen Gallik

I received my Ph. D. from The Pennsylvania State University. My dissertation research was a study of the effect of experimentally-induced diabetes mellitus on aortic endothelial cell histamine metabolism. After receiving my degree, I took an Instructor position at the University of Louisville School of Medicine, where I team-taught human / mammalian physiology.

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How to Start a Research Paper

how to start a research paper intro

Beginning is always the hardest part of an assignment. The introduction should not be the first thing you begin to write when starting to work on an essay. First, tons of research should be conducted — in order for your paper to be good. Only then you will be able to extract the main points of your work, and introduce them to your readers. A good introduction will also include your personal opinion of the problem, and, therefore, will make the writing easier overall. Let's dive into the details with admission essay writing services .

What Is a Research Paper?

A research paper is a type of writing in which the author does an independent analysis of the topic and describes the findings from that investigation. Furthermore, one will have to identify the weaknesses and strengths of the subject and evaluate them accordingly.

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A good way to write an introduction for a research paper is to introduce your reader to the topic by telling them what you are writing about. Then, make sure you include an interesting fact, or some surprising statistical data, so that your reader will be hooked and will continue to read your research paper. Treat your essay introduction like an advertisement for a product you want to sell—if your advertisement is bad, the sales won’t be great. The same goes for a bad introduction; if it does not intrigue readers, they might lose interest in your paper.

The beginning is always the hardest part of an assignment. Regardless of if you are writing a small resume education section or a full-blown research paper - following the correct steps is very important . The introduction should not be the first thing you begin to write when starting to work on an essay.

how to start a research paper intro

Introduction Paragraph Outline

intro research paper

Present Your Essay Topic

The base of every essay is its topic. What you are writing about should always be a reflection of your topic. Simply start off your introduction by telling your readers, in a simple and accessible language, what it is you are writing your research paper about. Although, we suggest you include a “trigger” when introducing the topic of your paper. A personal reference, or a story that relates to the essay topic, are options for a good way to link plain text to people’s emotions. So, feel free to write sincerely, as if you were talking to a friend.

The best strategy to start your introduction is by writing a broad topic presentation, then gradually narrow it down to what you would like to focus on exactly. It will put your topic into perspective for readers’ general understanding. When writing your research paper, make sure to include your opinion on the issue in your introduction. This will make your topic sound more personal and it will likely become more important to your audience as well.

Provide Background Information and Context

The topic you begin writing about is likely very familiar to you, as it is expected that you have done plenty of research. But what about your readers? For the most part, the amount of context is determined by what your audience already knows—though, let’s focus on a bigger assortment of readers, to make sure everyone’s needs are met. Imagine that you are part of your audience. Read the information you provided in the introduction. Is this sufficient? Does it leave gaps and unanswered questions in your research? Your job as a writer is to provide the perfect background to your topic, which gives readers just enough information to be able to grasp your topic and enjoy your research paper to the fullest. Another extreme you should avoid is giving too much context—consequently making the audience feel bored right from the introduction. Write your essay as something that you would enjoy reading yourself, like a story, but not an academic research paper.

Explain the Importance of Your Research

There is no doubt that after plenty of research you are an expert in your field. But what about your readers? In the introduction you need to showcase the extent of your research and write about the work you have completed. This will also help your readers understand that your ideas are supported by other scholars, and you share their views in your paper.

Make sure to write about all the works you have studied in order to persuade readers of your expertise. For your introduction, simply use the names you are referencing, or their most important works, so that the audience does not feel overwhelmed. It is also necessary to cite all your sources—in order to avoid academic plagiarism.

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Make Your Rationale Work

Rationale is the most important part of the beginning of your paper. Explain to readers the reasoning behind your research paper—the importance of this is a guarantee that they will keep reading and appreciate your topic. In the introduction, you need to write an explanation of how your paper fits into all the research that has already been done in that field; this shows your audience the importance of your essay and the role your research plays in the field overall.

Show the Significance of Your Research

You, and only you, understand how important your research is. The next step of your introduction is to prove to your audience how important it is. Include the basic, and the most important literature, you support your ideas with. This will show the readers your solid analytical skills, your writing capabilities, and your ability to sort out information to deliver the most important points for your paper. And the final part of the introduction is to simply explain why your research is important to the field, to society, to the whole world, and, most importantly, to the readers. When a person can relate to an idea, it is almost always a guarantee that your argument will be persuasive and have a positive outcome.

Make Sure Your Thesis Is Clear

A research paper introduction uses primary sources and data to support its thesis statement. A research paper’s thesis statement has a lot in common with a thesis for an essay, or other non-research assignment. The difference lies in the fact that in a research thesis, you gather evidence from valid sources to prove your perspective on a topic. Despite the fact that you support your thoughts by sources, the idea for your thesis in your introduction should be original and your own, as it reflects the way you think. ‍

how to start a research paper intro

Here is a quick checklist for writing a thesis statement:

Research Paper Title Page

Mla title page.

Here are some tips from our writing team on how to format your research paper MLA title page:

mla-title-page

APA Title Page

apa-title-page-2

Read also our research proposal example APA .

Final Thoughts

Congratulations on finishing your research paper! Answer these questions to avoid careless mistakes.

And here are several tips for your help:

tips research paper

If you need, you can hire a coursework, physics helper or other specialist at our service. All you need to do is just leave us a notice like ' write my paper for me ' or something else.

Research Paper Introduction Example

Now that you have a solid idea about the introduction of a research paper, let’s take a look at some examples from our writers. They will help you see how all of the rules we presented above work in practice. ‍

Research Paper Introduction Example: Should Parents Be Held Accountable for the Criminal Acts of Their Children? Recently, youth gang connected attacks have been occurring in an increasing prevalence, with some even causing deaths, such as the killing of a college student at Suburbs East. Such occurrences have made a lot of people to wonder about the origin of those violent actions, with much of the extent of guilt being put on the parents of such adolescents. In any event, one has to question whether the parents should be penalized for the offenses of their kids. Some people believe that parents should be held responsible for the criminal acts of their offspring because parents are mostly accountable for the education and upbringing of their kids, and frequently impact the actions and behavior of their children until they become mature and independent. This is because they are almost always the ones that raise their kids after birth. As such, it is believed that parents start to influence the ethical range of their children from a young age, and one’s ethics are critically impacted by the way parents act and their personalities (Gratz, 169). This logic can make parents responsible for their children if they do wrong later on — because they are understood to not have raised their child in the right way. Furthermore, there is an argument that children are virtually completely controlled by their parents, as they are apt to want to make their parents happy, and they would, therefore, listen to whatever they are told to do or how they are told to behave (Michael, Andrew and Michael, 4). This, in turn, makes many people think that parents should always be the ones to be blamed for the criminal acts of their children, as they believe that they have the power to warn and control them.

Need Some Help with Your Research Paper?

A research paper is a very challenging task to complete. The introduction is a crucial piece of it: it ensures that the reader is interested and will enjoy your paper. We also recommend that you read the article on how to write a precis . If you are still struggling with any part of your paper, remember that you can always buy custom essay from our trusted writing service. We are always here to give you a helping hand to make your life easier.

Video on How to Write a Research Paper Fast

Here is a video on how to write a research paper in a weekend.

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How to Start a Paper

Choose a Research Question

Test research question, read & evaluate sources, tweak research question, write & edit paper, return to research cycle, additional resources.

how to start a research paper intro

Brainstorm ideas and formulate a Research Question that is of interest to you and meets your professor's requirements.

Perform exploratory research using

You should change your Research Question if:

Continue to Tweak your Research Question until you find resources that are:

Once you have a solid Research Question and some good research to support it, begin writing your paper and citing  the work that you are using as evidence in both the body of the paper and the bibliography.

During early stages of writing, new avenues of thought may lead you to  Reevaluate your topic and  Refine your Research Question.

This should bring you back to the Research Cycle to Test these new ideas and  Find resources related to the new ideas.

Guides containing more in depth information about each step of the Research Cycle:

This page was created using content contained in the video Picking Your Topic IS Research! created by NC State University.  Click the link to view the entertaining and informative video.  A big thanks to their team for its creation!

The content of the video has been altered and reposted here in the form of this webpage.

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how to start a research paper intro

How to Write a Research Paper Introduction Paragraph

04 Feb 2022

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❓What Is an Introduction Paragraph for Research Paper?

✒️How to Write a Research Paper Introduction?

🚨Common Mistakes and How not to Slip Up

📑Research Paper Introduction Examples

Just like the alphabet begins with the letter “A,” any essay begins with an introduction. When you’re ready to write a research paper, you should start with an opening section. These are not common sentences but ones that form the entire thesis you will explore in the body paragraphs of a research project. You should guide the reader through the topic and present the importance of your university research and its results.

What Is an Introduction Paragraph for Research Paper?

Writing a research paper is a mandatory task in almost any educational specialty. You will definitely have to face this kind of task at some point. We know how difficult it can be to collect your thoughts and start doing work by arranging an introduction. That is why we are ready to come to your aid and tell you in detail the rules, as well as share some useful tips on writing the opening passage. 

The research paper introductions are pieces of information placed at the beginning of the paper. The size of this section depends on the general requirements for the work and usually is about 350-450 words. Moreover, everything you write in the introduction should attract the reader’s curiosity. This part of your work is designed to help the reader identify whether he or she wants to read the paper.

You can get acquainted with the example of an abstract for a research paper . That is why it is incredibly important to approach the writing of this section responsibly and make sure that you manage to clearly and interestingly position your research topic. A well-written research paper introduction will make you more likely to get a high score.

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How to Write a Research Paper Introduction?

After writing your research paper, you will have a broad picture of your entire research and analysis. Being an expert in the research niche of your scientific paper, you will be able to come to valid conclusions and also highlight the main points of your work. This will help you to create an outline, identify the key notions, and include them in the introduction. To increase interest in reading your project, you should also define a hook that can catch the reader.

However, the problem with writing the first section is the difficulty in determining the importance of information. While investigating, you will probably feel that all the data you provide is essential. But to write a good introduction, you need to be concise. Your general erudition of background information, combined with specific knowledge of the general subject area, will help you write a great introduction. There are a few simple guides that can help to make your research paper introduction shine:

1. State Your Research Theme

The first sentences should be common about the general topic, and then you should add some details about your topic. This is called the inverted triangle, when you start a research paper with a broad theme and then narrow it down. Be concise in your presentation of the research problem to avoid any kind of ambiguity. Your study should be presented as a direct continuation of the introduction. It is crucial to keep the narrative logical.

2. Be Original

If you write a dissertation paper in humanities, you can start the introduction with a quotation or even an anecdote. If your academic area is science or medicine, you can write extremely interesting data or even shocking statistics. Such an approach will help you develop an attractive research paper introduction. However, be careful with fact checking and sources. All the statistics you provide must correspond to reality. According to the methodology, shocking research should be done either by you personally or by reputable institutions.

3. Explain Key Terms

You should provide a list of the notions you used and the definitions that you based on to avoid reader confusion. In science, there is a phenomenon when one term can have different interpretations due to the background. Whenever you find yourself in trouble, ask us to write my research paper , and we’ll come to help. Moreover, the glossary will show your knowledge level in the scientific context and help expand the audience that your article may be useful too.

4. Size Is Important

It would help if you chose your ideal length for the introduction. It should be short enough to be readable and gain the reader's attention and long enough to explain all the main features of your essay. And, of course, remember that the size of the introduction should be directly proportional to the size of your study. You need to briefly describe the main sections that your subject includes to guide your reader.

5. Refer to the Keywords

The keywords should be used in the introduction to give a general overview of the research questions. These could be separate words or word combinations which describe your topic. This trick aims to write a research paper that is easier to find. In addition, they help the reader quickly understand the direction of your research, showing the problem and the subject of investigation.

6. Follow the Rules of Logic

You should be consistent in the writing process. As we mentioned in one of the other sections, your work must be holistic. Each new thought should be a continuation of the previous one. A well-elaborated outline may help in solving this research problem. The first passage should logically introduce the reader to the subject and also give a preview of what will be described next. Logical links between sentences will make your text coherent.

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Common Mistakes and How not to Slip Up

As you can already understand, writing a decent introduction is quite a difficult task. You should always keep in mind the purpose of your university research to stay on the topic. We are going to see the most common research problem to be aware of when writing.

When you conduct scientific research, each word you write carries a large amount of necessary information. However, working out a quality introduction, you find out that the size is very limited, and you need to spend time filtering out unnecessary information.

Good introductions are not limited to just a list of data you have received. It is this paragraph that presents the first impression. Try to make it informative and catchy. If you face some problems elaborating witty hooks for a paper, consult a  writing service that can provide you with professional advice.

The problem of inconsistency in the presentation of information appears when you first write the introduction and then the main body of the study. To avoid the error of lack of previous research, follow our advice. Study the background of the hypothesis you have chosen and then describe the results of your research.

Research Paper Introduction Examples

The theory is good, but the practice is quite different. Read our examples to get good ideas from other researchers about how to write an excellent introduction.

Contemporary literary marketing has become digital because of the demands of the online era. Popular best-selling authors such as J. K. Rowling or Dan Brown profit from the internet and use it as a source for advertising to show the audience their creations. On the other hand, many writers find digital literature harmful and destructive for their livelihood because many users can get their books without paying for them. However, more studies reveal that the business side of the book industry is not far from the negative. This research paper will define whether the culture of digital book consumption has to be changed due to the creations of writers becoming worthless due to online piracy and because people have stopped valuing non-digitized books.

The second sample of introduction paragraph is on the topic: “Behavioral Study of the Phenomenon of Obedience”.

Modern theories tend to associate misbehavior and intentional actions that harm others with personal characteristics. The psychologists and doctors in a survey predicted that only a small portion of people (about 1-3%) would intentionally harm someone after being told to do so. A good example of this phenomenon is a recent war trial with Adolph Eichmann, who claimed he was only following orders to carry out Nazi war crimes. Therefore, is it possible that people can harm others by only “following orders?” Are people capable of betraying their moral convictions if ordered to do so? During the experiment, we will see whether someone can continue administering painful electric shocks that harm another person simply because he or she is told to do so. It is expected that very few will continue and that most of the participants will not obey the order.

Writing an engaging introduction is not less important than conducting research papers or providing a high-quality context in your issue. In fact, a great intro is even more important for your success! An opening paragraph that attracts attention and keeps the reader engaged is the key to success with this academic work.

The intro is the first thing that a reader sees. It is exactly what helps him or her gets the first impression of your work, which carries their opinion about the merits of your paper while they finish reading it. That’s why it’s so important to get it done right.

How do you create flawless intros for your research papers? These tips and examples in this article should help you deal with this assignment effortlessly while avoiding common mistakes. However, it also requires practice. We encourage students to practice writing as much as they can to master these skills and never face difficulties with writing academic papers again!

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How to Write a Research Introduction: from Pure Title to Hook Sentence

research paper introduction

It is not a secret that most people judge a book by the cover, so if you want your research paper to be read from A to Z, it is important to write a powerful introduction in research paper.

The first paragraph of your work must be catchy, inspiring and interesting, motivating the audience to go on reading. In this article you will learn everything about writing a research paper introduction and achieving outstanding writing results!

Following tips from AssignmentPay's expert team will help you to understand how a research paper introduction should look like and how to help readers enjoy your paper. In case you don’t have enough time or energy to write a research paper introduction, you can always pay for research paper - just contact and get outstanding assistance within a chosen period of time!

What is introduction in research paper?

A good introduction should lead the reader from a generalized topic to a particular aspect. It helps to establish the main idea, context, research importance and summarizes background data on the topic, providing the main goal of the work. In addition it contains hypothesis, a set of discussed questions and used methodology.

Your introduction should also highlight potential results or explain research structure and organization.

If you want to learn how to write a research paper introduction , you should answer three general questions:

What should be in the introduction of a research paper?

Research paper introduction can be one of the most difficult parts to complete. The size of this section depends on the work type you are asked to complete.

Your introduction should define the topic, consist of a context and rationale, as well as of a hypothesis and research questions. A thoughtful introduction sets a tone for the whole paper, grabs attention of the reader and provides thesis statement and hypothesis.

3 Overarching Goals of a Good Introduction

How to write an Introduction?

The best way to get started if you lack information or ideas on writing an introduction is to learn about it online. Following tips of professional writers and tutors you will be able to create an outstanding work, which won’t leave anyone indifferent.

Below you will find the most relevant tips for writing a great research paper introduction.

Select the Topic

This step may be obvious but it plays a crucial part in writing a great research paper. If you select an irrelevant, boring or too general topic, you risk losing motivation and dropping the assignment somewhere in the middle.

Make a list of the matters you are interested in, conduct a research to see whether chosen variants have much credible data online. Cross out options, which can’t be backed with reliable sources or don’t stir up your interest.

Background Information

As any book or movie, introduction aims to set the background and give your assignment a certain context, allowing the reader to see how your work complements previous researches on the similar topic.

That is why first paragraphs of the introduction should explain historical background, describing the first work in the field and other researches that influenced the modern situation.

However, huge amounts of information can make it difficult to fit into several paragraphs, so be careful and provide only the most important information.

Rationale for your work

Rationale is an explanation why you are using a certain film, book or method in your work. The basic elements of a rationale are:

Hook Sentence

A hook sentence is your chance to catch interest of the reader and make him want to learn more after reading the introduction in research paper. Your hook may include:

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Writing a Thesis Statement

If you want to understand how to write an introduction, you should remember about including a thesis statement to your work. Actually, without it your introduction will be meaningless and your teacher will surely ask you to rewrite the whole section.

You need to write a thesis statement, when you are working on the outline. In such a way, you will be able to understand what arguments and sources to use. These few sentences may predetermine the whole course of your future work.

A good thesis statement includes such qualities, as:

‘Downloading books online without any fee is bad and you need to avoid it’. It is a very weak example of a thesis statement, which is not able to stir interest of the audience and prevents from continuing reading.

‘Every time you download a book online without paying for it, huge work and efforts of authors remain unrecognized and make them lose thousands of dollars. It may eventually harm economy and overall wellbeing of the society’.

This example is much better, because it dives deeper into the problem and explains why the issue is relevant not only to a regular person but to the nation as a whole.

Tips for writing Good introduction

Importance of a good introduction is impossible to overestimate, because you will never have another chance to make a positive first impression.

First paragraphs of your research paper give the audience information on quality of chosen arguments, your personal style, as well as on validity of conclusions. If your introduction is weak and lacks structure, it may make the reader want to put your research paper aside.

On contrary, a concise and properly structured introduction will surely make the readers notice your writing and analytical skills, and make them want to go on reading.

Below you will find a few most important tips on writing a powerful introduction, engaging the reader and arising interest of the audience.

Once your introduction is ready, you can proceed with conclusions and bibliography.

Research Paper Introduction Examples

Some students don’t know how to get started or are scared to fail, so they don’t want to try. One of the most simple and free solutions is getting familiar with examples online.

You can download samples of research paper introductions, choose the one you like and write your own paragraphs with ease!

example of research-paper introduction

Not every student can boast writing skills, so there is absolutely nothing wrong in searching for tips online. If you lack time or don’t want to risk your grades, Assignmentpay.com experts are always there to help. Place an order, providing us with specific guidelines and receive a flawless research paper introduction before the indicated deadline.

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How to Write an Introduction for a Psychology Paper

Kendra Cherry, MS, is an author and educational consultant focused on helping students learn about psychology.

how to start a research paper intro

Emily is a board-certified science editor who has worked with top digital publishing brands like Voices for Biodiversity, Study.com, GoodTherapy, Vox, and Verywell.

how to start a research paper intro

The purpose of an introduction in a psychology paper is to justify the reasons for writing about your topic. Your goal in this section is to introduce the topic to the reader, provide an overview of previous research on the topic, and identify your own hypothesis . 

Before you begin:

Start Your Psychology Paper Introduction by Researching Your Topic

Search a journal database, such as PsychInfo or ERIC, to find articles on your subject. Once you have located an article, look at the reference section to locate other studies cited in the article. As you take notes from these articles, be sure to write down where you found the information.

A simple note detailing the author's name, journal, and date of publication can help you keep track of sources and avoid plagiarism.

Create a Detailed Outline

This is often one of the most boring and onerous steps, so students tend to skip outlining and go straight to writing. Creating an outline might seem tedious, but it can be an enormous time-saver down the road and will make the writing process much easier. Start by looking over the notes you made during the research process and consider how you want to present all of your ideas and research.

Introduce the Topic

Once you are ready to write your introduction, your first task is to provide a brief description of the research question. What is the experiment or study attempting to demonstrate? What phenomena are you studying? Provide a brief history of your topic and explain how it relates to your current research.

As you are introducing your topic, consider what makes it important. Why should it matter to your reader? The goal of your introduction is not only to let your reader know what your paper is about, but also to justify why it is important for them to learn more.

If your paper tackles a controversial subject and is focused on resolving the issue, it is important to summarize both sides of the controversy in a fair and impartial way. Consider how your paper fits in with the relevant research on the topic.

Summarize Previous Research

The second task of your introduction is to provide a well-rounded summary of previous research that is relevant to your topic. So, before you begin to write this summary, it is important to research your topic thoroughly.

Finding appropriate sources amid thousands of journal articles can be a daunting task, but there are several steps you can take to simplify your research. If you have completed the initial steps of researching and keeping detailed notes, writing your introduction will come much easier.

It is important to give the reader a good overview of the historical context of the issue you are writing about, but do not feel like you have to provide an exhaustive review of the subject. Focus on hitting the main points, and try to include the most relevant studies. You might describe the findings of previous research and then explain how the current study differs or expands upon earlier research.

Provide Your Hypothesis

Once you have summarized the previous research, explain areas where the research is lacking or potentially flawed. What is missing from previous studies on your topic? What research questions have yet to be answered? Your hypothesis should lead to these questions.

At the end of your introduction, offer your hypothesis and describe what you expected to find in your experiment or study.

Tips for Writing Your Psychology Paper Intro

American Psychological Association. Information Recommended for Inclusion in Manuscripts That Report New Data Collections Regardless of Research Design . Published 2020.

By Kendra Cherry Kendra Cherry, MS, is an author and educational consultant focused on helping students learn about psychology.

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How to Write an Introduction

Matt Ellis

An introduction for an essay or research paper is the first paragraph, which explains the topic and prepares the reader for the rest of the work. Because it’s responsible for both the reader’s first impression and setting the stage for the rest of the work, the introduction paragraph is arguably the most important paragraph in the work. 

Knowing how to write an introduction paragraph is a great skill, not just for writers, but for students and researchers as well. Here, we explain everything you need to know to write the best introduction, such as what to include and a step-by-step process, with some introduction paragraph examples. 

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What is an introduction?

Your introduction is a way of preparing your reader for your paper. As the first paragraph of your writing , it makes the first impression and sets the reader’s expectations for tone, voice, and writing style. More importantly, your introduction provides the necessary background for your reader to understand your paper’s purpose and key points. 

The introduction is also a way to engage and captivate your reader. An interesting, thought-provoking, or generally entertaining introduction makes your reader excited to keep reading—and an eager reader is an attentive reader.  

What to include in an introduction

Introductions generally follow the writing style of the author and the format for the type of paper—for example, opening with a joke is appropriate for some essays, but not research papers . However, no matter what your writing style is or what kind of paper you’re writing, a good introduction includes at least three parts: 

How to write a hook

The hook refers to anything that grabs (or “hooks”) your reader’s attention and makes them interested. This could be a mystery, such as posing a question and only answering it at the end of your paper. Or it could be a shocking statistic, something that makes your reader rethink what they thought they knew and become curious for more information. 

Hooks can be even more creative. Some papers start with an analogy or parable to present complicated topics in a way that someone with little experience can understand. Likewise, many writers opt to use personal anecdotes to show a more human side and spark an emotional connection with the reader. 

When all else fails, you can use a poignant quote. If you’re having trouble putting your thoughts into words, maybe one of the great minds from history has already said it well. 

You can read all about how to write a hook here, including more detailed instructions and examples. 

How to add background information

Not every paper requires background knowledge, but sometimes your reader needs to catch up or understand the context before you make your original points. 

If you’re writing about something factual, such as a scientific or historical paper, you may need to provide a small lesson on the basics. For example, if you’re writing about the conflict between ancient Egypt and Nubia, you might want to establish the time period and where each party was located geographically. 

Just don’t give too much away in the introduction. In general, introductions should be short. If your topic requires extensive background to understand, it’s best to dedicate a few paragraphs to this after the introduction. 

How to write a thesis statement

Every good introduction needs a thesis statement , a sentence that plainly and concisely explains the main topic. Thesis statements are often just a brief summary of your entire paper, including your argument or point of view for personal essays. For example, if your paper is about whether viewing violent cartoons impacts real-life violence, your thesis statement could be: 

Despite the rhetoric and finger-pointing, no evidence has connected live-action role-play violence with real-world violence, but there is plenty of evidence for exoneration, as I explain here.  

Learning to write a good thesis statement is an essential writing skill, both in college and the world of work, so it’s worth taking the time to learn. The rule of thumb for thesis statements is not to give everything away all at once. Thesis statements, and more broadly introductions, should be short and to the point, so save the details for the rest of the paper. 

How to write an introduction paragraph in 6 steps

1 decide on the overall tone and formality of your paper.

Often what you’re writing determines the style: The guidelines for how to write an introduction for a report are different from those for how to write an English essay introduction. Even the different types of essays have their own limitations; for example, slang might be acceptable for a personal essay, but not a serious argumentative essay. 

Don’t force yourself to write in a style that’s uncomfortable to you. If you’re not good at making jokes, you don’t need to. As long as your writing is interesting and your points are clear, your readers won’t mind.  

2 Write your thesis statement 

At the beginning of writing a paper, even before writing the research paper outline , you should know what your thesis is. If you haven’t already, now is the time to put that thesis into words by writing your thesis statement. 

Thesis statements are just one sentence, but they are usually the most important sentence in your entire work. When your thesis is clearly defined, your readers will often use it as an anchor to understand the rest of the writing. 

The key to writing a good thesis statement is knowing what to ignore. Your thesis statement should be an overview, not an outline. Save the details, evidence, and personal opinions for the body of the paper. 

If you’re still having trouble, ask yourself how you’d explain this topic to a child. When you’re forced to use small words and simplify complex ideas, your writing comes across more clearly and is easier to understand. This technique also helps you know which details are necessary up front and which can wait until later .

3 Consider what background information your reader needs 

Don’t take your own experience for granted. By this point in the writing process , you’ve probably already finished your research, which means you’re somewhat of an expert on the topic. Think back to what it was like before you learned: What did you wish you had known then? 

Even if your topic is abstract, such as an ethical debate, consider including some context on the debate itself. How long has the ethical debate been happening? Was there a specific event that started it? Information like this can help set the scene so your reader doesn’t feel like they’re missing something. 

4 Think of a good hook

Writing a hook can be the most difficult part of writing an introduction because it calls for some creativity. While the rest of your paper might be presenting fact after fact, the hook in your introduction often requires creating something from nothing. 

Luckily, there are already plenty of tried-and-true strategies for how to start an essay . If you’re not feeling very creative, you can use a method that’s already been proven effective. 

Just remember that the best hooks create an emotional connection—which emotion is up to you and your topic. 

5 Write a rough draft of your introduction without pressure

It’s normal to clam up when writing a rough draft of your introduction. After all, the introduction always comes first, so it’s the first thing you write when you finally begin. 

As explained in our guide to writing a rough draft , the best advice is not to pressure yourself. It’s OK to write something that’s messy—that’s what makes this draft rough . The idea here is to get words on paper that make your point. They don’t have to be the perfect words; that’s what revisions are for. 

At the beginning, just worry about saying what needs to be said. Get down your hook and thesis statement, and background information if necessary, without worrying about how it sounds. You’ll be able to fix the problems later.

6 Revise your introduction after you’ve written your whole paper.

We recommend finishing the first draft of your entire paper before revising the introduction. You may make some changes in your paper’s structure when writing the first draft, and those changes should be reflected in the introduction.

After the first draft, it’s easier to focus on minutiae like word choice and sentence structure, not to mention finding spelling and grammar mistakes.

Introduction for an essay example

While other kids’ memories of circuses are happy and fun, what I recall most from my first time at a circus was feeling sorry for the animals—I can still remember the sadness in their eyes. [HOOK] Although animal rights in the circus have come a long way, their treatment of animals even under the new laws is still cruelty plain and simple. [BACKGROUND] The way circuses abuse animals needs to be abolished immediately, and we need to entirely rethink the way we use animals for entertainment. [THESIS STATEMENT]  

Introduction for a research paper example

What would happen to humanity if everyone just stopped having babies? [HOOK] Although more endemic in some places than others, the global decline in birth rates has become a major issue since the end of the pandemic. [BACKGROUND] My research here shows not only that birth rates are declining all over the world, but also that unless the threats are addressed, these drastic declines will only get worse. [THESIS STATEMENT] 

Introduction FAQs

An introduction is the first paragraph in an essay or research paper. It prepares the reader for what follows. 

What’s the purpose of an introduction?

The goal of the introduction is to both provide the necessary context for the topic so the reader can follow along and also create an emotional connection so the reader wants to keep reading. 

What should an introduction include?

An introduction should include three things: a hook to interest the reader, some background on the topic so the reader can understand it, and a thesis statement that clearly and quickly summarizes your main point. 

how to start a research paper intro

How to Start a Research Paper Intro: Tips and Life Hacks

Olivia Campbell

Table of Contents

The beginning is always the most difficult part of any work. Whether an essay or a thesis, it is always overwhelming to start writing. The same issue relates to research paper writing . Multiple ideas arise in your head as soon as you are assigned the task.

But how do you start a research paper ? How to make it engaging and interesting for the readers? How to present your research topic? These are the obvious questions, and we are here to answer them.

So follow on, and after reading the article, you will know every step of starting an introduction for a research paper.

How Do You Write a Research Paper: Important Parts to Include

The first thing worth mentioning in this how-to-start-a-research-paper guide is that your research introduction should cover some important points. It should:

The introduction is what hooks the reader and engages him to continue reading. But, at the same time, it should be very informative and well-structured. Making hints, inducing readers to analyze, and arising interest in the topics is what a successful research paper introduction should do. And you can easily make it if you follow the steps presented below.

How Do You Write a Research Paper: Revealing the Topic

When wondering about how to start a research paper, the first thing you should present is your topic. But the introduction should not just name the topic. Instead, it should prove that this topic is important in modern discoveries.

As you want to present your topic, you should prepare readers for it. Give them hints but don’t reveal your topic at once. As a hint, there can be a question, statistics, strong evidence, or some piece of information that will force readers to analyze.

In the how to start a research paper question, it is essential to note that the hook should not be necessarily as creative as the title of some social media post. The only requirement for a topic presentation is to justify its relevance.

How to Start Off a Research Paper: Background Overview

In every how to start a research paper guide, you will find that there should be a background overview in a research paper introduction. And your approach to its writing will depend on the type of paper you are writing: argumentative or empirical. When writing argumentative research, you need to focus on the general background. In empirical research, you should discuss your research as a work that continues previous works.

How to Start a Research Paper Background in an Argumentative Paper

As a background description in an argumentative research paper, you can give the general statistics of facts that support your topic. There is no need to go into detail and retell your topic’s history of discoveries and inventions. If you want to provide an in-depth background analysis, place it in the body paragraphs.

How to Start a Research Paper Background in an Empirical Paper

The empirical research paper is aimed to create new research in a particular field. Thus, the background should correspond to one or some study that has already been investigated. It is important to base actual research on powerful literature. You are also allowed to do a short literature review in your introduction.

How to Start an Introduction Paragraph for a Research Paper: Writing a Problem

As you think about how to write a research paper problem, mind that your problem should be relevant. It is not about finding some ideas you think you can support in your research paper. Instead, it is about solving the current problem in modern times. Learn how you can form a problem for argumentative and empirical research papers.

How to Start a Research Paper Problem in an Argumentative Research

It should not cause any difficulty writing a problem for an argumentative research paper. In this case, you can identify the problem based on your preferences. Then, you can choose to discuss something creative or important for you.

How to Start a Research Paper Problem in an Empirical Research

If you write an empirical research paper, you should critically think about how your work will fit the investigations that have been conducted before on your topic. Your problem should either continue investigating a particular problem or supplement the problems that have not been covered sufficiently. It is not a place to fantasize about the most creative or attractive problem. The problem in empirical research should be connected with a previous study.

How to Start Writing a Research Paper: Setting the Objectives

Your research will not be comprehensive if you don’t set the goals. And again, there is a difference in how to start a research paper objective for argumentative and empirical research papers.

How to Start a Research Paper Objective in an Argumentative Research

The main task of an argumentative research paper is to support a thesis statement set at the beginning. That is to say, the objective here will be the thesis statement. And the task of a writer is to provide strong evidence to support this statement.

How to Start a Research Paper Objective in an Empirical Research

In the empirical research paper, you will develop a research paper question. It should be a straightforward question evoking investigation. You can also add hypotheses to your practical research objective. But mind that hypotheses have already been investigated, so they should be written in the past tense.

How to Start a Research Paper: Writing an Overview of the Whole Work

At the end of your research paper introduction, it is preferable to include a short overview of what you will cover in the next paragraphs. Even though it is not necessary, it will not be superfluous. As you decide to include an overview in your introduction, make it simple and concise. There is no need to describe all the steps of your research.

One sentence with short naming of the structure written in the present time will be enough. And here is how you can finish writing your research paper introduction.

Conclusion on How to Start a Research Paper

Suppose you think: “How to start a research paper to hook the reader from the first words?” It is time to make it clear. Everything is simple: follow the structure, and your research paper introduction will succeed.

Mind that you have to introduce to your readers the research topic, overview a background, state the problem, write objectives and compose an overview of your research paper. Writing out these essential parts of the research induction will hook the reader and arouse interest in your paper.

How to start a research paper?

Your writing journey begins as soon as you are assigned to write a research paper. And this is an introduction that means a lot. However, in the research paper intro, it is important to obey the rules and include the required information. Firstly, you should reveal the topic to your readers.

Then, you can slightly go to a background overview. You must identify your work’s problems and objectives as you move further. And finally, write the structure overview at the end of your introduction.

How do I Introduce my topic in the research paper?

It is quite engaging when you intriguingly introduce your topic. When you induce readers to guess the topic they do, it is more memorable than simply naming it. You can reveal a subject through the questions or some statistics. However, try to be serious about that and don’t make it a social media post. A research paper should be written appropriately.

How to form a problem and objectives?

There are two approaches to writing a research paper : in the form of argumentative research and empirical one. Since you write argumentative research, you should make a statement and proceed with supporting it in the body paragraphs.

As for empirical research, it is important to analyze how your work will suit the number of previously written works. That is to say, and your problem should be a continuation or addition of the problem that has already been investigated.

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How to Start a Research Paper

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This article was co-authored by Matthew Snipp, PhD . C. Matthew Snipp is the Burnet C. and Mildred Finley Wohlford Professor of Humanities and Sciences in the Department of Sociology at Stanford University. He is also the Director for the Institute for Research in the Social Science’s Secure Data Center. He has been a Research Fellow at the U.S. Bureau of the Census and a Fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences. He has published 3 books and over 70 articles and book chapters on demography, economic development, poverty and unemployment. He is also currently serving on the National Institute of Child Health and Development’s Population Science Subcommittee. He holds a Ph.D. in Sociology from the University of Wisconsin—Madison. There are 19 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. This article has been viewed 310,051 times.

A research paper employs primary sources/data to support a thesis statement. It is a type of persuasive essay used frequently in science, literature, and history curricula. Regardless of your level of education and chosen field, you'll need to follow a few simple steps to get your research paper off the ground. You'll need to decide on a topic, formulate a thesis statement, conduct research, organize your findings, and then set pen to paper or fingers to keyboard.

Sample Research Papers

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Deciding on a Topic

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Constructing a Thesis

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Performing Research

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Starting Your Research Paper

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Drafting Your Research Paper

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Matthew Snipp, PhD

To start a research paper, start by crafting a broad, factual statement about your subject to pull readers in before introducing your thesis. For example, if you’re writing about the role of famers in the American Revolution, make a blanket statement about the complex causes of the revolutionary movement. Alternatively, begin with a true story, such as an attack by a family on a British soldier quartered with them for eating all their bread. Then, return to the story periodically throughout your paper to illustrate the key points of your thesis. For more tips from our English co-author, including how to decide on a topic and formulate a thesis, scroll down! Did this summary help you? Yes No

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4 Step approach to writing the Introduction section of a research paper

Study Background & Introduction

Yateendra Joshi

4 Step approach to writing the Introduction section of a research paper

If you want others to cite your paper, you should make sure they read it first. Let us assume that the title and the abstract of your paper have convinced your peers that they should see your paper. It is then the job of the Introduction section to ensure that they start reading it and keep reading it, to pull them in and to show them around as it were, guiding them to the other parts of the paper (Methods, Results, Discussion, and Conclusion).

how to start a research paper intro

What is the function of the Introduction section?

Put simply, the Introduction should answer the question ‘Why:’ why you choose that topic for research; why it is important; why you adopted a particular method or approach; and so on. You can also think of the Introduction as the section that points out the gap in knowledge that the rest of the paper will fill, or the section in which you define and claim your territory within the broad area of research.

The other job the Introduction should do is to give some background information and set the context. You can do this by describing the research problem you considered or the research question you asked (in the main body of the paper, you will offer the solution to the problem or the answer to the question) and by briefly reviewing any other solutions or approaches that have been tried in the past.

Remember that a thesis or a dissertation usually has a separate chapter titled ‘Review of literature,’ but a research paper has no such section; instead, the Introduction includes a review in brief.

Now that you have given the background and set the context, the last part of the Introduction should specify the objectives of the experiment or analysis of the study described in the paper. This concluding part of the Introduction should include specific details or the exact question(s) to be answered later in the paper.

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The 4-step approach to writing the Introduction section 

As a rule of thumb, this section accounts for about 10% of the total word count of the body of a typical research paper, or about 400 words spread over three paragraphs in a 4000-word paper. 1 With that, let us now understand how to write the Introduction section step-by-step:

1. Provide background information and set the context.

This initial part of the Introduction prepares the readers for more detailed and specific information that is given later. The first couple of sentences are typically broad.

Below are some examples:

At the same time, the introductory statement should not be too broad: note that in the examples above, the Introduction did not begin by talking about agriculture, cancer, or batteries in general, but by mentioning organic matter in soil, the role of bacteria, and lithium ion batteries.

Once the first sentence has introduced the broad field, the next sentence can point to the specific area within that broad field. As you may have noticed, the papers in the examples mentioned above introduced the subfield by mentioning 1) remission of some types cancer following accidental infection by Streptococcus pyogenes , 2) organic matter in soil as a source of nutrients for plants and of energy for microorganisms, and 3) imaging techniques to visualize the 3-dimensional structure of the materials and components of batteries on nanoscale.

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2. Introduce the specific topic of your research and explain why it is important.

As you can see from the above examples, the authors are moving toward presenting the specific topic of their research. So now in the following part, you can bring in some statistics to show the importance of the topic or the seriousness of the problem.

Here are some examples:

Another way to emphasize the importance of the research topic is to highlight the possible benefits from solving the problem or from finding an answer to the question: possible savings, greater production, longer-lasting devices, and so on. This approach emphasizes the positive.

For example, instead of saying that X dollars are lost because of malaria every year, say that X dollars can be saved annually if malaria is prevented, or X millions litres of water can be saved by dispensing with irrigation, or X person-hours can be saved in the form of avoided illnesses because of improved air quality or reduced pollution.

3. Mention past attempts to solve the research problem or to answer the research question.

As mentioned earlier, a formal review of literature is out of place in the Introduction section of a research paper; however, it is appropriate to indicate any earlier relevant research and clarify how your research differs from those attempts. The differences can be simple: you may have repeated the same set of experiments but with a different organism, or elaborated (involving perhaps more sophisticated or advanced analytical instruments) the study with a much larger and diverse sample, or a widely different geographical setting.

Here are two examples:

4. Conclude the Introduction by mentioning the specific objectives of your research.

The earlier paragraphs should lead logically to specific objectives of your study. Note that this part of the Introduction gives specific details: for instance, the earlier part of the Introduction may mention the importance of controlling malaria whereas the concluding part will specify what methods of control were used and how they were evaluated. At the same time, avoid too much detail because those belong to the Materials and Methods section of the paper.

If, for example, your research was about finding the right proportions of two metals in an alloy and you tested ten different proportions, you do not have to list all the ten proportions: it is enough to say that the proportions varied from 50:50 to 10:90.

Here are two more examples:

There are different ways of constructing the objectives. Using questions 2 , hypotheses, and infinitives are the more common constructions (both examples in the previous paragraph use infinitives), each of which is illustrated below with some fictitious text:

‘We decided to test the following four hypotheses related to employees of information-technology companies:

H1: Career stages influence work values.

H2: Career stages influence the level of job satisfaction.

H3: Career stages do not influence organizational commitment.’

Using infinitives

‘To examine the response of Oryza sativa to four different doses of nitrogen in terms of 1) biomass production, 2) plant height, and 3) crop duration.’

Compared to two other sections of a typical research paper, namely Methods and Results, Introduction and Discussion are more difficult to write. However, the 4-step approach described in this article should ease the task.

A final tip: although the Introduction is the first section of the main text of your paper, you don’t have to write that section first. You can write it, or at least revise it, after you have written the rest of the paper: this will make the Introduction not only easier to write but also more compelling.

To learn in more detail the guidelines to write a great Introduction section, check out this course: How to write a strong introduction for your research paper

References:

1. Araújo C G. 2014. Detailing the writing of scientific manuscripts: 25-30 paragraphs. Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia 102 (2): e21–e23

2. Boxman R and Boxman E. 2017. Communicating Science: a practical guide for engineers and physical scientists , pp. 7–9. Singapore: World Scientific. 276 pp.

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How To Write A Research Paper Step 1: How To Begin?

Take the first step:.

Make sure to start right away and begin collecting your resources. Several weeks may seem like plenty of time to complete a research paper, but time can slip away leaving you with a week (or less) to finish. Working early and consistently will spare you a lot of stress and frustration.

Know the assignment:

Make sure you know the requirements of the assignment. Check with your professor if you have any questions. Find out if your paper is a literature review or research paper? How many sources does the professor expect you to use? What resources can and cannot be used?

Get background/overview information:

Look through encyclopedias, dictionaries, almanacs etc (the Library has them online and in print). Look for major themes, controversies, new theories/thoughts that you could explore.

Focus/Define your topic and arguments:

Pick something within your broader topic you are familiar with or something you are interested in learning more about. Consider focusing on a specific time period, location, or movement. For example if your topic is "marketing", you could explore marketing in the age of television, or the internet, in America. You could focus on brand name marketing or marketing for new products. Once you've come up with a good focused topic, develop a research question to explore. Continuing the marketing example, a good research question might be "How have companies used the internet to market to teen spenders?"

Step 2: Researching the topic

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  1. Writing a Research Paper Introduction

    The five steps in this article will help you put together an effective introduction for either type of research paper. Table of contents Step 1: Introduce your topic Step 2: Describe the background Step 3: Establish your research problem Step 4: Specify your objective (s) Step 5: Map out your paper Research paper introduction examples

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    Write a first draft of the research paper Write the introduction Write a compelling body of text Write the conclusion The second draft The revision process Research paper checklist Free lecture slides Understand the assignment Completing a research paper successfully means accomplishing the specific tasks set out for you.

  3. How to write an introduction for a research paper

    Add a relevant quotation or surprising anecdote to the beginning of your introduction. This technique will pique the interest of your reader and leave them wanting more. Be concise. Research papers cover complex topics. To help your readers, try to write as clearly as possible. Use concise sentences. Check for confusing grammar or syntax.

  4. Starting Your Research Paper: Writing an Introductory Paragraph

    Starting Your Research Paper: Writing an Introductory Paragraph Time for the dreaded paper? Learn how to get started! Home Choosing Your Topic Define Keywords Planning Your Paper Writing an Introductory Paragraph The Dreaded Introductory Paragraph Writing the introductory paragraph can be a frustrating and slow process -- but it doesn't have to be.

  5. How to start a research paper: Step-by-Step Guide

    Start with a general sentence to introduce your topic and its background. The next two sentences should talk about the related issue and focus in on the exact question and research point of your research paper thesis. The final sentences in the introduction should state your research paper writing these.

  6. Guide on How to Write a Research Paper Introduction

    Research paper introduction introduces the core topic to your thesis. The introduction explains where you are coming from concerning your research. Therefore make your research paper introduction precise. The research paper introduction should be short, concise, and accurate.

  7. Learn How to Write an Introduction for a Research Paper

    There is no secret on how to start a research paper intro: you should just state your topic and add some connected with topic issues that bothers you a lot. This is a perfect strategy to intrigue the reader. It is recommended to start with general info and then narrowing down to specific aspects.

  8. How to Start an Essay: 7 Tips for a Knockout Essay Introduction

    Intriguing ways to start an essay. There are many different ways to write an essay introduction. Each has its benefits and potential drawbacks, and each is best suited for certain kinds of essays.Although these essay introductions use different rhetorical devices and prime the reader in different ways, they all achieve the same goal: hooking the reader and enticing them to keep reading.

  9. Five Different Ways to Start an Introduction for a Research Paper

    Your intro paragraph has the power to pull the reader in or make her want to recycle your paper. If you want to dazzle the reader, make sure your intro has a relatable hook and defines any unfamiliar terms. Your hook can be as simple as a quote or as complex as starting with your conclusion.

  10. How to Start a Research Paper

    To start your research paper, understand the assignment first. Then, carefully read and understand the guidelines provided to know what you are required to present in the paper. The research paper's instructions state which format to produce, the paper's length, and which paper parts to present separately.

  11. How To Do An Introduction For A Pathology Paper

    The introduction should start with a general statement about the topic of the paper, followed by a more specific statement about the purpose of the paper. ... The introduction of a research paper should contain at least six essential elements. The three things you can do to make your introduction easier to write are as follows.

  12. How to Start a Research Paper: Guide with Examples

    The best strategy to start your introduction is by writing a broad topic presentation, then gradually narrow it down to what you would like to focus on exactly. It will put your topic into perspective for readers' general understanding. When writing your research paper, make sure to include your opinion on the issue in your introduction.

  13. How to Start a Paper

    Use this knowledge.) You just feel like changing it ( Even if the topic has been assigned, there are different ways to frame your Research Question that could produce better results.) Continue to Tweak your Research Question until you find resources that are: Legitimate. Of interest to you. Adding up to a significant body of research.

  14. How to Write a Research Paper Introduction Paragraph

    The research paper introductions are pieces of information placed at the beginning of the paper. The size of this section depends on the general requirements for the work and usually is about 350-450 words. Moreover, everything you write in the introduction should attract the reader's curiosity.

  15. How to Write a Research Paper Introduction: Tips & Examples

    Your introduction should define the topic, consist of a context and rationale, as well as of a hypothesis and research questions. A thoughtful introduction sets a tone for the whole paper, grabs attention of the reader and provides thesis statement and hypothesis. 3 Overarching Goals of a Good Introduction

  16. How to Write an Introduction for a Psychology Paper

    Tips for Writing Your Psychology Paper Intro. Use 3x5 inch note cards to write down notes and sources. Look in professional psychology journals for examples of introductions. Remember to cite your sources. Maintain a working bibliography with all of the sources you might use in your final paper.

  17. How to Write a Research Introduction: 10 Steps (with Pictures)

    An introduction should announce your topic, provide context and a rationale for your work, before stating your research questions and hypothesis. Well-written introductions set the tone for the paper, catch the reader's interest, and communicate the hypothesis or thesis statement. Part 1 Introducing the Topic of the Paper 1

  18. How to Write an Introduction, With Examples

    An introduction should include three things: a hook to interest the reader, some background on the topic so the reader can understand it, and a thesis statement that clearly and quickly summarizes your main point. Your writing, at its best. Get Grammarly It's free Works on all your favorite websites

  19. How to Start a Research Paper Intro: Your Guide for Writing

    When wondering about how to start a research paper, the first thing you should present is your topic. But the introduction should not just name the topic. Instead, it should prove that this topic is important in modern discoveries. As you want to present your topic, you should prepare readers for it.

  20. How to Start a Research Paper (with Pictures)

    To start a research paper, start by crafting a broad, factual statement about your subject to pull readers in before introducing your thesis. For example, if you're writing about the role of famers in the American Revolution, make a blanket statement about the complex causes of the revolutionary movement.

  21. 4 Step approach to writing the Introduction section of a research paper

    Explore the #POWERofMORE - the boost you need to achieve all your goals Click here to know more! 2. Introduce the specific topic of your research and explain why it is important. As you can see from the above examples, the authors are moving toward presenting the specific topic of their research.

  22. How To Write A Research Paper Step 1: How To Begin?

    Make sure to start right away and begin collecting your resources. Several weeks may seem like plenty of time to complete a research paper, but time can slip away leaving you with a week (or less) to finish. Working early and consistently will spare you a lot of stress and frustration. Know the assignment:

  23. How To Start A Research Paper Introduction

    How To Start A Research Paper Introduction Author: blogs.post-gazette.com-2023-03-01T00:00:00+00:01 Subject: How To Start A Research Paper Introduction Keywords: how, to, start, a, research, paper, introduction Created Date: 3/1/2023 7:55:32 PM