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Writing an academic essay means fashioning a coherent set of ideas into an argument. Because essays are essentially linear—they offer one idea at a time—they must present their ideas in the order that makes most sense to a reader. Successfully structuring an essay means attending to a reader's logic.
The focus of such an essay predicts its structure. It dictates the information readers need to know and the order in which they need to receive it. Thus your essay's structure is necessarily unique to the main claim you're making. Although there are guidelines for constructing certain classic essay types (e.g., comparative analysis), there are no set formula.
Answering Questions: The Parts of an Essay
A typical essay contains many different kinds of information, often located in specialized parts or sections. Even short essays perform several different operations: introducing the argument, analyzing data, raising counterarguments, concluding. Introductions and conclusions have fixed places, but other parts don't. Counterargument, for example, may appear within a paragraph, as a free-standing section, as part of the beginning, or before the ending. Background material (historical context or biographical information, a summary of relevant theory or criticism, the definition of a key term) often appears at the beginning of the essay, between the introduction and the first analytical section, but might also appear near the beginning of the specific section to which it's relevant.
It's helpful to think of the different essay sections as answering a series of questions your reader might ask when encountering your thesis. (Readers should have questions. If they don't, your thesis is most likely simply an observation of fact, not an arguable claim.)
"What?" The first question to anticipate from a reader is "what": What evidence shows that the phenomenon described by your thesis is true? To answer the question you must examine your evidence, thus demonstrating the truth of your claim. This "what" or "demonstration" section comes early in the essay, often directly after the introduction. Since you're essentially reporting what you've observed, this is the part you might have most to say about when you first start writing. But be forewarned: it shouldn't take up much more than a third (often much less) of your finished essay. If it does, the essay will lack balance and may read as mere summary or description.
"How?" A reader will also want to know whether the claims of the thesis are true in all cases. The corresponding question is "how": How does the thesis stand up to the challenge of a counterargument? How does the introduction of new material—a new way of looking at the evidence, another set of sources—affect the claims you're making? Typically, an essay will include at least one "how" section. (Call it "complication" since you're responding to a reader's complicating questions.) This section usually comes after the "what," but keep in mind that an essay may complicate its argument several times depending on its length, and that counterargument alone may appear just about anywhere in an essay.
"Why?" Your reader will also want to know what's at stake in your claim: Why does your interpretation of a phenomenon matter to anyone beside you? This question addresses the larger implications of your thesis. It allows your readers to understand your essay within a larger context. In answering "why", your essay explains its own significance. Although you might gesture at this question in your introduction, the fullest answer to it properly belongs at your essay's end. If you leave it out, your readers will experience your essay as unfinished—or, worse, as pointless or insular.
Mapping an Essay
Structuring your essay according to a reader's logic means examining your thesis and anticipating what a reader needs to know, and in what sequence, in order to grasp and be convinced by your argument as it unfolds. The easiest way to do this is to map the essay's ideas via a written narrative. Such an account will give you a preliminary record of your ideas, and will allow you to remind yourself at every turn of the reader's needs in understanding your idea.
Essay maps ask you to predict where your reader will expect background information, counterargument, close analysis of a primary source, or a turn to secondary source material. Essay maps are not concerned with paragraphs so much as with sections of an essay. They anticipate the major argumentative moves you expect your essay to make. Try making your map like this:
- State your thesis in a sentence or two, then write another sentence saying why it's important to make that claim. Indicate, in other words, what a reader might learn by exploring the claim with you. Here you're anticipating your answer to the "why" question that you'll eventually flesh out in your conclusion.
- Begin your next sentence like this: "To be convinced by my claim, the first thing a reader needs to know is . . ." Then say why that's the first thing a reader needs to know, and name one or two items of evidence you think will make the case. This will start you off on answering the "what" question. (Alternately, you may find that the first thing your reader needs to know is some background information.)
- Begin each of the following sentences like this: "The next thing my reader needs to know is . . ." Once again, say why, and name some evidence. Continue until you've mapped out your essay.
Your map should naturally take you through some preliminary answers to the basic questions of what, how, and why. It is not a contract, though—the order in which the ideas appear is not a rigid one. Essay maps are flexible; they evolve with your ideas.
Signs of Trouble
A common structural flaw in college essays is the "walk-through" (also labeled "summary" or "description"). Walk-through essays follow the structure of their sources rather than establishing their own. Such essays generally have a descriptive thesis rather than an argumentative one. Be wary of paragraph openers that lead off with "time" words ("first," "next," "after," "then") or "listing" words ("also," "another," "in addition"). Although they don't always signal trouble, these paragraph openers often indicate that an essay's thesis and structure need work: they suggest that the essay simply reproduces the chronology of the source text (in the case of time words: first this happens, then that, and afterwards another thing . . . ) or simply lists example after example ("In addition, the use of color indicates another way that the painting differentiates between good and evil").
Copyright 2000, Elizabeth Abrams, for the Writing Center at Harvard University
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- 1. Mr. Baumgartner's 10th Grade English Littlerock High School [email_address] .org
- 2. Every essay has a beginning, a middle, and an end. In a five-paragraph essay, the first paragraph is called the introduction . The next three paragraphs consist of the body of the essay . The fifth and final paragraph is the conclusion . This structure is not written in stone, however. Look in a newspaper or magazine; you'll rarely see an essay that follows this exact formula. On the other hand, it's a good place for beginners to start. When you feel more confident, you can get more creative and break free of the five paragraph formula.
- 3. Dramatic Opener or Hook Transitional Sentence Thesis Statement Topic Sentence Details and Examples Concluding Transition Sentence Summary Statement (restate your thesis) Clincher The body of your essay can be three or more paragraphs long.
- 4. There are THREE important things to consider as you write your essay: subject , a udience and purpose . SUBJECT Throughout your educational career, teachers will be giving you writing assignments. They want to see if you understand material covered in class, they want to know your opinion on a particular topic, and they want to determine if you can express ideas clearly. There will be occasions when you will want to write an essay in other situations as well. Maybe you want to write a letter to the editor of a newspaper, or perhaps the boss at a job you're applying for wants you to write why you think you're qualified for the position. In any case, most of the time, the subject of the essay will be given to you. Even if it's not, the primary thing you want to remember is to write about what you know.
- 5. AUDIENCE Many times your audience will be your teacher. Sometimes, even though your teacher will be the primary reader and grader of your essay, he or she will ask you write to a different audience. Other times your audience will be your peers, parents, employers, newspaper editors, or the community. Your audience should determine how you will write and what you will say in your essay. Before you start writing you should do the following. 1. Understand your audience's interests and perspectives. 2. Evaluate your topic in relation to your audience. 3. Adapt your topic, examples, and language so that they are appropriate for your audience.
- 6. <ul><li>PURPOSE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The purpose of your essay will determine what type of essay you write. Each type has certain uses and styles. Below are five types of essays you will write in 4th grade. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Narrative - recalls an event or series of events </li></ul><ul><li>Expository - explains, clarifies, or illustrates </li></ul><ul><li>Response to Literature – shows that you understand a literary work (poem, book, story) and can make judgments about the text with evidence to support it. </li></ul><ul><li>Summaries - write summaries that contain the main ideas of the reading selection and the most significant details </li></ul><ul><li>Information Reports – a report where you do research, and you cite facts from different sources (books, magazines, on-line articles). </li></ul>
- 7. Every essay has three parts: a beginning, a middle, and an end. The beginning is also called the introduction . The introduction has two main purposes: to draw the reader in and make him/her want to read more and to prepare the reader for the direction that the essay is going to take. The introduction usually has three parts: 1. The hook (or dramatic opener) consists of several sentences that pull the reader into the essay. 2. The transitional sentence connects the hook to the thesis statement. 3. The thesis statement is one or two sentences that states the idea of the essay.
- 8. Hooks (dramatic openers) are used to grab your reader’s attention at the beginning of a paragraph or in a report or essay. The hook is often a short sentence and is placed before the topic sentence. You can also use another very short sentence at the end of the essay or report to remind the reader of the opening. These would frame your essay. Here are some examples of some hooks that you could use. QUESTION What is more valuable than gold? (essay on friendship) Possible closing: A man with many friends is rich. AN IMPERATIVE Look into the heavens and count the stars if you can. (a command) (Report on outer space) Possible closing: We will always wonder about the size and greatness of our universe.
- 9. QUOTE: “Gold! Gold! Gold from the American River!” (Report on the Gold Rush ) Possible Closing: Many people during the Gold Rush thought they were going to get a lot of gold; instead, a lot received a new home instead! STATING A FACT In 1850, 92 percent of California was male. OR OPINION: (Report on the Gold Rush) Possible closing: Now a 160 years later, the gold is gone and so are the men who came to mine it. ANECDOTE: Bob Ellis was sad to leave his family in New York, but gold fever was strong in his blood. (Report on the Gold Rush) Possible closing: Bob Ellis didn’t win a fortune in gold mining, but he did earn enough money to bring his family to California.
- 10. A very basic thesis statement is one or two sentences at the end of the first paragraph that tells the reader the main idea of your essay. A thesis statement should do these three things: 1. It should clearly express what the essay is about. 2. It should make a discussible point. 3. It should indicate the structure of the essay. Here is an example of a thesis statement for an essay about why a dog would make a great pet. My three major points will be that dogs are loyal, easy to train, and make good companions. (these are your topics for the BODY of the essay). Here is an example of a thesis statement that I could use for my essay. Thesis Statement: A dog would make a great pet for me because they are very loyal, they are easy to train, and they make good companions.
- 11. Now you are ready to put the introductory paragraph together. Remember that the transitional sentence acts like a bridge to make a smooth connection between the hook and the thesis statement. You don't always need to include a transitional sentence, but you should always evaluate your introduction to see if one is necessary. Here's an example of an introductory paragraph for the "favorite pet" essay using a quotation for the hook. The author Aldous Huxley once said, “To his dog, every man is Napoleon; hence the constant popularity of dogs.” As I consider the pet I would like to have share my life, it’s Huxley’s quote that sums up why a dog would be the best choice. Because of its sense of loyalty, its ability to protect you and its great companionship, a dog is the perfect pet. THESIS HOOK TRANSITION
- 12. What is the body of an essay? The body of an essay is the part between the introduction and the conclusion. It contains the evidence. So far, we have used the example of three paragraphs, but there can be a hundred or more paragraphs to an essay. It all depends on the subject of your essay. If you have a lot to say about your subject, you will probably have more than 3 body paragraphs. Each paragraph in the body of the essay contains the following sentences: TOPIC SENTENCE: This sentence tells the reader what the paragraph is going to be about. DETAIL SENTENCE: Your paragraph can have many detail sentences. The detail sentence tells your reader a little more about your topic. Each detail sentence must include an EXAMPLE. CONCLUDING/TRANSITIONAL SENTENCE: This sentence wraps up what you have already told the readers and gets them ready for the next paragraph.
- 13. Just as every essay has a clear beginning, it should have a clear ending. The last paragraph, also know as the conclusion , should make your essay sound finished. The concluding paragraph typically has two parts: 1. The summary statement is one or two sentences which restate the thesis in a fresh way to reinforce the essay's main idea. 2. The clincher is a final thought which should create a lasting impression on the reader.
- 14. The summary statement is an effective way to start your concluding paragraph because it helps to drive home the ideas you've expressed in your essay. Look at your thesis statement again and rework it in a new way. Avoid repeating key words and phrases from the thesis statement because you don't want the summary statement to sound boring or repetitive. Using a thesaurus is a good way to find new, interesting words. Here is an examples of thesis statements and summary statements: Thesis Statement: Many Americans are buying the Toyota Corolla because of its competitive price, fuel economy, and high resale value. Summary Statement: Reasonable pricing, low miles per gallon, and an attractive resale value have all contributed to the popularity of the Toyota Corolla in today's market.
- 15. The clincher , also referred to as the closer , is your last opportunity to connect with the reader. One way to make the most of this moment is to return to the technique you used for your hook. Here is a list of clinchers. Complete the Anecdote (the story you told at the beginning. Ask a final rhetorical question. Use a new quotation or refer back to the opening quotation. Continue the original description of a character, setting, or object. Make a prediction or recommendation based on the facts you researched.
- 16. Now let’s put it all together. Here's an example of a concluding paragraph for the "favorite pet" essay that uses a quotation as the clincher. Nothing can compare to a dog’s dedication, intelligence, and friendship. Because a dog offers all these wonderful qualities and more, it is once again clear why people say that “ a dog is man’s best friend.” Dogs not only make great pets but also wonderful companions. Summary Statement Clincher
- 17. Revision is actually something a good writer does throughout the writing process. Every time you consider which ideas to add or delete, every time you change a word or phrase to make your essay sound better, you are revising. Revision does not mean "recopying" what you've already written. Revision means making changes to the content of the paper so that every word, sentence, and paragraph makes sense to the reader. Many students tend to rush through revising; they're anxious to get done with the assignment, but a good writer will revise as much as necessary before the deadline to get the best possible result. Three areas in particular to examine as you consider how to improve the content and style of your essay are as follows: 1. Clarity: Is the essay clearly and logically written? 2. Unity: Do all the paragraphs relate to the central idea? 3. Coherence: Do the ideas flow smoothly?
- 18. Revision Questions (Ask yourself these questions as you read your essay) YES NO 1. Did I answer the prompt? 2. Does each paragraph do what it’s suppose to do (Introduction, Body, Conclusion)? 3. Will a reader be able to understand and follow my essay?(transition words, ideas should be in logical order)? 4. Do all the facts and examples support my thesis (the main idea)? 5. Are sentences clear and effective (do I use a variety of sentence types and dress ups)?
- 19. Proof reading is different from revision. Whereas revision focuses on improving the content of the essay, proofreading deals with recognizing and correcting errors or punctuation, capitalization, spelling, and grammar. PROOF READING CHECKLIST 1. Have all fragments and run-on sentences been eliminated? 2. Does the essay use correct paragraphing and indentation? 3. Is there agreement between subjects and verbs? 4. Are pronoun references clear? 5. Has correct verb tense been used correctly and consistently? 6. Have commas, apostrophes, and semicolons been used correctly? 7. Have words been capitalized correctly? 8. Are there any sentences that could be combined to provide sentence variety? 9. Does the essay show interesting and accurate word choice? 10. Has a dictionary or spellchecker been used to correct spelling errors?
- 20. Set your essay aside for awhile if you have time. Come back to it later. You will notice ways to make your essay better, and you'll see more errors to correct. Read the essay aloud to yourself. Often you can hear errors that you may not catch while reading silently. Another trick is to read your essay backwards. You will able to catch errors more easily. Have an adult or peer read your essay and give you suggestions about confusing parts.
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Essay Writing. Lecture 17. Recap. What is a Paragraph? Paragraph structure How to write a well organized paragraph? Examples. What is an Essay?. An essay is an organized collection of your thoughts on a particular topic. An essay consists of three major parts: Introduction
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Essay Writing Lecture 17
Recap • What is a Paragraph? • Paragraph structure • How to write a well organized paragraph? • Examples
What is an Essay? • An essay is an organized collection of your thoughts on a particular topic. • An essay consists of three major parts: • Introduction • Main body • Conclusion
Writing Process • Pre-writing Stage • Pre-writing • Free-writing • Note keeping • Brain storming • Mind Mapping • Writing Stage • Re-writing
What is an Essay? • Essays can be either: • Long or Short • Serious or Humorous • Formal or Informal • Can describe your opinions or be a synopsis of expert opinions.
What is an Essay? Writers use essays to: • Describe or define a subject (What is an Essay?) • Compare related items in a subject (The Difference Between Apples and Oranges) • Show cause and effect (If You Write It, They Will Read) • Write a narrative (My Summer Vacation) • Explain a process (How to Write an Essay) • Deliver an argument (The Case Against Essay Questions) • Critique (My Least Favorite Movie)
How to write an Essay?
how to write an essay? • An essay can have many purposes, but the basic structure is the same no matter what. • E.g. You may be writing an essay to argue for a particular point of view or to explain the steps necessary to complete a task. • Either way, your essay will have the same basic format. • If you follow a few simple steps, you will find that the essay almost writes itself. You will be responsible only for supplying ideas, which are the important part of the essay anyway. Don't let the thought of putting pen to paper daunt you. Get started!
Essay Format These simple steps will guide you through the essay writing process: • Decide on your topic. • Prepare an outline or diagram of your ideas. • Write your thesis statement. • Write the body. • Write the main points. • Write the subpoints. • Elaborate on the subpoints. • Write the introduction. • Write the conclusion. • Add the finishing touches.
Choosing a Topic You may have no choice as to your topic. If this is the case, you still may not be ready to jump to the next step. Think about the type of paper you are expected to produce. Should it be a general overview, or a specific analysis of the topic? If it should be an overview, then you are probably ready to move to the next step. If it should be a specific analysis, make sure your topic is fairly specific. If it is too general, you must choose a narrower subtopic to discuss. For example, the topic "KENYA" is a general one. If your objective is to write an overview, this topic is suitable. If your objective is to write a specific analysis, this topic is too general. You must narrow it to something like "Politics in Kenya" or "Kenya's Culture”. Once you have determined that your topic will be suitable, you can move on.
Organizing Your Ideas
Writing Your Outline • Begin your outline by writing your topic at the top of the page. • Next, write the Roman numerals I, II, and III, on left side of the page. • Next to each Roman numeral, write the main ideas that you have about your topic, or the main points that you want to make. • If you are trying to persuade, you want to write your best arguments. • If you are trying to explain a process, you want to write the steps that should be followed. • If you are trying to inform, you want to write the major categories into which your information can be divided. • Under each Roman numeral, write A, B, and C down the left side of the page. • Next to each letter, write the facts or information that support that main idea. • When you have finished, you have the basic structure for your essay and are ready to continue.
Composing a Thesis Statement • The thesis statement tells the reader what the essay will be about, and what point you, the author, will be making. • You know what the essay will be about. • That was your topic. • Now you must look at your outline or diagram and decide what point you will be making. • What do the main ideas and supporting ideas that you listed say about your topic?
Writing the Body Paragraphs • The topic you have chosen must now be: • explained • described, or • argued. • Each main idea that you wrote down in your diagram or outline will become one of the body paragraphs. • If you had three or four main ideas, you will have three or four body paragraphs. • Each body paragraph will have the same basic structure of writing a paragraph
Write the Introduction and Conclusion Your essay lacks only two paragraphs now: the introduction and the conclusion. These paragraphs will give the reader a point of entry to and a point of exit from your essay. Don't stop just yet! One more step remains before your essay is truly finished.
Conclusion • The conclusion brings closure to the reader, summing up your points or providing a final perspective on your topic. All the conclusion needs is three or four strong sentences which do not need to follow any set formula. Simply review the main points (being careful not to restate them exactly) or briefly describe your feelings about the topic. Even an anecdote can end your essay in a useful way. The introduction and conclusion complete the paragraphs of your essay.
Add the Finishing Touches • You have now completed all of the paragraphs of your essay. • Before you can consider this a finished product, however, you must give some thought to the formatting of your paper. • Check the order of your paragraphs. • Check the instructions for the assignment. • Check your writing.
Once you have checked your work and perfected your formatting,your essay is finished.Congratulations!
Types of Essays There are many different kinds of essays. The following are a some of the most common ones: • Descriptive Essay • Definition Essay • Compare and Contrast Essay • Cause and Effect Essay • Narrative Essay • Argumentative Essay • Critical Essay • Evaluation Essay • Analysis Essay • Reflective Essay • Expository Essay
Descriptive Essay The descriptive essay provides details about how something looks, feels, tastes, smells, makes one feel, or sounds. It can also describe what something is, or how something happened. These essays generally use a lot of sensory details. The essay could be a list-like description that provides point by point details. Examples:A descriptive essay could describe . . . * a tree in my backyard; * a visit to the children's ward of a hospital;
2. Definition Essay A definition essay attempts to define a specific term. It could try to pin down the meaning of a specific word, or define an abstract concept. Examples:A definition essay may try and define . . . * the meaning of an abstract concept, like love; * the true meaning and importance of honesty; * how the meaning of family goes deeper than just your blood relatives.
Compare/Contrast Essay The compare/contrast essay discusses the similarities and differences between two things, people, concepts, places, etc. • A comparison essay usually discusses the similarities between two things • the contrast essay discusses the differences. Examples: A compare/contrast essay may discuss … * the likenesses and differences between two places, like New York City and Los Angeles; * the similarities and differences between two religions, like Christianity and Islam; * two people, like my brother and myself
Cause/Effect Essay The cause/effect essay explains why or how some event happened, and what resulted from the event. • A cause essay usually discusses the reasons why something happened • An effect essay discusses what happens after a specific event or circumstance. Examples: A cause/effect essay may explain . . . * why a volcano erupts, and what happens afterwards;
Narrative Essay The narrative essay tells a story. It can also be called a "short story." • Conversational in style • Tells of a personal experience Examples:A narrative essay could tell of ... * my brother's and my fishing trips; * a boring trip to the grocery store; * my near-death experience at the beach.
Argumentative Essay An argumentative essay is one that attempts to persuade the reader to the writer's point of view. The writer can either be serious or funny, but always tries to convince the reader of the validity of his or her opinion. Examples: An argumentative essay may persuade a reader that . . . * he or she should use public transportation instead of driving * cats are better than dogs
Critical Essay A critical essay analyzes the strengths, weaknesses and methods of someone else's work. A critical essay can be written about another essay, story, book, poem, movie, or work of art. Examples: A critical essay may analyze . . . * how Shakespeare presents the character, Hamlet, in his play, Hamlet; * the strengths and weaknesses of the movie, Bol; * the use of color in Monet's painting, Sunflowers.
Evaluation Essay • Each day we face various facts and scenes, and to act adequately we need to develop our assessment of them. • Writing an evaluation essay is a good way to size up a certain item, phenomenon, entity, or any other object. Examples: • a vacation spot; • a new restaurant; • an educational website;
Reflective Essay • In reflective essay, you express your thoughts and emotions about certain events or phenomena. • Writing this type of essay is good training to sharpen your critical thinking skills, as well as your ability to develop and express opinions on a particular topic. Examples: • a trip to an exotic place; • a book that you have recently read;
Analysis Essay • An analysis essay assumes that you break a larger subject into subcategories • then examine each subcategory to form an opinion about the whole • explain how each subcategory is interrelated and come up with your own conclusions Examples: • Economic crisis and the rate of unemployment; • Replacing School Textbooks With Laptops
Expository Essay • They are pieces of scholarly writing which describe or examine a process of some kind in a comprehensive way: • analyze a concept • describe and explore a written work or an event; • explain detailed instructions or a description of a method or procedure Examples: • The Influences of Culture and Environment • The Internet and Society
Common methods of beginning: Cohesion and Coherence • The introduction and the conclusion, although very important, are often relatively short • The bulk of an essay, both in form and substance, is contained in the main body
The introduction is intended to lead the reader into the topic and clarify what the essay will specifically deal with; • usually consists of one paragraph • the amount of background information the context requires • Introduction will contain a key sentence (or, if necessary, more than one). • The main body deals with the major ideas that support the statement; • Each main idea is presented in a separate paragraph • developed with supporting ideas in the form of explanations, definitions, or similar, and illustrated with examples where appropriate or necessary. 3. The conclusion brings the reader back to the purpose of the essay and draws all the points together before making a final comment on the result of the discussion.
Coherence and Cohesion Ultimately an essay will show a progression from a general level (in the introduction) down to the specific (the statement and body) and back up to the general level again(conclusion). The reader will be expecting this so it gives your essay a sense of completion. In other words, the essay must have Coherence and Cohesion • Coherence means connecting your ideas together in a logical way, depending on the type of essay you are writing. • Cohesion means using pronouns, conjunctions etc. to tie the ideas in your essay together.
Scratching outline for an Essay
What is an Outline? • An outline is a way of organizing key ideas • An outline helps to set up an essay • An outline is a tool to help revise an essay
What is it? • An outline is a general plan of the material that is to be presented on a paper. • The outline shows the order of the various topics, the relative importance of each, and the relationship between the various parts.
Types of Outlines Topic outline Sentence outline the headings are given in single words or brief phrases all the headings are expressed in complete sentences
Rules for Outlining 1. Subdivide topics by a system of numbers and letters, followed by a period. Example: I. A. B. 1. 2. a. b. II. A. B.
Rules for Outlining 2. Each heading and subheading must have at least two parts. 3. Headings for parts of the paper such as, Introduction and Conclusion, should not be used. 4. Be consistent. Do not mix up the two types of outlines. Use either whole sentences of brief phrases, but not both.
Sentence Outline“Choices in College and After”
Thesis:The decisions I have to make in choosing college courses, depend on larger questions I am beginning to ask myself about my life’s work. I. I have two decisions to make with respect to choosing college courses in the immediate future. A. One is whether to select a course in art history or in chemistry. 1. One time in my life, I planned to be a chemical engineer professionally. 2. On the other hand, I enjoy art and plan to travel and see more of it. B. The second decision is whether to continue a third year of French beyond the basic college requirement. 1. French might be useful both in engineering and travel. 2. Furthermore, I am eager to read good books which are written in French. 3. How necessary are these considerations in the light of other courses I might take instead? II. My problem can be put in the form of a dilemma involving larger questions about my whole future. A. On the one hand I want to hold a highly-trained position in a money-making profession. B. On the other hand I want to lead a certain kind of life, with capacities for values not connected with the making of money. III. I will have to make a decision balancing the conflicting needs I have described. A. I will hold open the professional possibilities by selecting chemistry. B. I will improve and solidify what cultural proficiency in another language I have already gained, by electing French.
Topic Outline “Choices in College and After”
Thesis: The decisions I have to make in choosing college courses, depend on larger questions I am beginning to ask myself about my life’s work. I. Two decisions described A. Art history or chemistry 1. Professional considerations 2. Personal considerations B. A third year of French? 1. Practical advantages of knowing a foreign language 2. Intellectual advantages 3. The issue of necessity II. Definition of the problem A. Decisions about occupation B. Decisions about a kind of life to lead III. Temporary resolution of the problem A. To hold open a professional possibility: chemistry B. To take advantage of cultural gains already made: French
So How to Make and Use an Essay Outline??? • An essay outline is probably the most important friend you will have while writing your essay. • It is the skeleton of your ideas. • It is the framework by which you will write a killer essay. And frankly, it is difficult to write one without an outline.
When you begin writing an essay outline, use the following model as a guide:I. INTRODUCTION:Thesis:_____________________________________________________.II. BODY PARAGRAPH 1:Opening Sentence:___________________________________________.Detail 1:____________________________________________________.Detail 2:____________________________________________________.Detail 3:____________________________________________________.III. BODY PARAGRAPH II:Transition/Opening Sentence:__________________________________.Detail 1:____________________________________________________.Detail 2:____________________________________________________.Detail 3:____________________________________________________.IV. BODY PARAGRAPH III:Transition/Opening Sentence:__________________________________.Detail 1:____________________________________________________.Detail 2:____________________________________________________.Detail 3:____________________________________________________.V. BODY PARAGRAPH IV:Transition/Opening Sentence:__________________________________.Detail 1:____________________________________________________.Detail 2:____________________________________________________.Detail 3:____________________________________________________.VI. CONCLUSION:Reconfirmed Thesis:_________________________________________.
How does it do that? An Outline Organizes The Major Parts Of Your Essay: • Thesis Statement- The sentence that tells your reader your ultimate point and what they should expect. • Major Points- The facts that you are using to prove your main point. • Supporting Details- The examples, facts, quotations, etc. • Transitions- The statement or information you will use to transition form one major point to the next. • Concluding Thoughts- Any thoughts that you would like to include at the close of your paper to wrap things up and tie it all together. NEVER INCLUDE NEW FACTS OR INFORMATION IN YOUR CONCLUSION!
References • http://academichelp.net/academic-assignments/essay/
22 Essay English ESL powerpoints
Essay Writing in English - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Essay Writing in English
Essay writing in english date: 14 march, 2000 (tuesday) time: 1:00 p.m. - 2:00 p.m. venue: t6, meng wah complex ms rachel hong senior manager email : rkmhong_at_hkusua ... – powerpoint ppt presentation.
- Date 14 March, 2000 (Tuesday)
- Time 100 p.m. - 200 p.m.
- Venue T6, Meng Wah Complex
- Personal Experience
- How well do you think your education has prepared you for your future career?
- Why you would like (or would not like) to travel to Europe?
- The best (or worst) trip or vacation you have ever taken.
- Good managers are good people. Comment.
- Why having a tertiary education is important?
- Teenagers should be able to do what they want.
- Comment on the relationship between commerce and politics in China.
- Hong Kong will continue to enjoy benefits of being a unique place where East meets West beyond 1997. Comment.
- Living in Hong Kong after 1997.
- The United Kingdom and China will (or will not) work out their problems.
- Draft a letter replying to a customer concerning a complaint about
- incorrect meter reading
- the service attitude of your staff
- As a Graduate Trainee, how would you contribute to the business success of our company?
- analyse the question / case
- understand the causes of the problem
- suggest possible solutions
- - explain why
- make recommendations
- propose action plan
- name expected outcome
- appropriate use of language
- clarity of thought
- legible hand-writing
- spelling grammar
- state the objective of the letter
- explain the situation
- state the problem
- ask for help or suggest solution
- state actions to take
- leads to solution
- clear and succinct
- enclose reference if appropriate
- Points to remember - report
- clear and succinct - even with major points
- wide coverage
- supported by evidence
- leads to action
- to sell and suggest but not to tell
- structure / presentation
- analytical ability
- whether you can see things from different angles
- whether you can suggest alternatives
- whether your suggestions are practical
- whether you can handle the sensitive aspects of the problem / case
- 1. Structure
- - is it logical
- 2. Analytical Ability
- - quantity and quality of issues raised
- - the relationship between these issues
- - the relevance and impact of these issues to and on the task in question
- 3. Lateral Thinking and Creativity
- - quantity and quality of options suggested
- 4. Decision Making
- - one clear and firm recommendation
- 5. Practical Orientation
- - how practical is the recommendation
- - is it the best deal for the organization
- 6. Interpersonal Sensitivity
- - impact of recommendation on staff
- - impact of recommendation on clients
- 7. Impact on the physical / cultural / social/
- ethical environment
- 8. Motivation and Stress Tolerance
- - reason / principles / ethical issues behind the recommendation
- - persistence and determination despite difficulty and complexity
- 9. Communication
- - to sell not tell
- - clear, succinct
- - supported by evidence
- - grammatically correct
- - easy to read, flows well
- - high-level vocabulary
- - appropriate / eloquent and elegant writing style
- 2. Proposer
- 3. Abstract
- 4. Project objective
- - short term
- - medium term
- - long term
- 5. Project outline
- 6. Expected outcome
- 7. Time table
- 9. Benefit / Justification of support
- 1. Introduction
- 2. Executive Summary
- 3. Project objectives and methodology
- 4. Report on results
- 5. Evaluate success and failure against performance indicators
- 6. Recommendations
- 1. Welcome and introduce purpose
- 2. Background
- 3. Significance of the event
- 4. Impact on the future
- 5. Closing and thanks
- Assessment Centres
- Identifying and developing competence
- Business Letters for All
- Oxford University Press
- This book can offer readers phrases on typical business matters a wide range of business letter for reference
- How to Write A Report
- John Fletcher
- Professional Report Writing
- Effective Writing
- Improving Scientific, Technical and Business Communication Christopher Turk and John Kirkman
- Reference Chapter 11 Writing / Instruction
- Modern Chinese English Practical Writing
- Reference I. About English Practical Writing
- Better Business Writing
- Susan L Brock
- Reference Part 2 Style
- Practical Writing
- K C Yuen K F Lee
- This book can provide examples of different writing styles of letters
- Strictly Speaking (32 mins)
- The video suggests to viewers that they ought to use clear, concise, concrete, creative and correct English in their writings. Examples of using the language inappropriately are shown. The video also reveals that poorly prepared messages frequently cause financial loss and confusion in communication.
- Revised as at 10 February, 2000
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The Beginner's Guide to Writing an Essay | Steps & Examples
An academic essay is a focused piece of writing that develops an idea or argument using evidence, analysis, and interpretation.
There are many types of essays you might write as a student. The content and length of an essay depends on your level, subject of study, and course requirements. However, most essays at university level are argumentative — they aim to persuade the reader of a particular position or perspective on a topic.
The essay writing process consists of three main stages:
- Preparation: Decide on your topic, do your research, and create an essay outline.
- Writing : Set out your argument in the introduction, develop it with evidence in the main body, and wrap it up with a conclusion.
- Revision: Check the content, organization, grammar, spelling, and formatting of your essay.
Table of contents
Essay writing process, preparation for writing an essay, writing the introduction, writing the main body, writing the conclusion, essay checklist, lecture slides, frequently asked questions about writing an essay.
The writing process of preparation, writing, and revisions applies to every essay or paper, but the time and effort spent on each stage depends on the type of essay .
For example, if you’ve been assigned a five-paragraph expository essay for a high school class, you’ll probably spend the most time on the writing stage; for a college-level argumentative essay , on the other hand, you’ll need to spend more time researching your topic and developing an original argument before you start writing.
Before you start writing, you should make sure you have a clear idea of what you want to say and how you’re going to say it. There are a few key steps you can follow to make sure you’re prepared:
- Understand your assignment: What is the goal of this essay? What is the length and deadline of the assignment? Is there anything you need to clarify with your teacher or professor?
- Define a topic: If you’re allowed to choose your own topic , try to pick something that you already know a bit about and that will hold your interest.
- Do your research: Read primary and secondary sources and take notes to help you work out your position and angle on the topic. You’ll use these as evidence for your points.
- Come up with a thesis: The thesis is the central point or argument that you want to make. A clear thesis is essential for a focused essay—you should keep referring back to it as you write.
- Create an outline: Map out the rough structure of your essay in an outline . This makes it easier to start writing and keeps you on track as you go.
Once you’ve got a clear idea of what you want to discuss, in what order, and what evidence you’ll use, you’re ready to start writing.
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The introduction sets the tone for your essay. It should grab the reader’s interest and inform them of what to expect. The introduction generally comprises 10–20% of the text.
1. Hook your reader
The first sentence of the introduction should pique your reader’s interest and curiosity. This sentence is sometimes called the hook. It might be an intriguing question, a surprising fact, or a bold statement emphasizing the relevance of the topic.
Let’s say we’re writing an essay about the development of Braille (the raised-dot reading and writing system used by visually impaired people). Our hook can make a strong statement about the topic:
The invention of Braille was a major turning point in the history of disability.
2. Provide background on your topic
Next, it’s important to give context that will help your reader understand your argument. This might involve providing background information, giving an overview of important academic work or debates on the topic, and explaining difficult terms. Don’t provide too much detail in the introduction—you can elaborate in the body of your essay.
3. Present the thesis statement
Next, you should formulate your thesis statement— the central argument you’re going to make. The thesis statement provides focus and signals your position on the topic. It is usually one or two sentences long. The thesis statement for our essay on Braille could look like this:
As the first writing system designed for blind people’s needs, Braille was a groundbreaking new accessibility tool. It not only provided practical benefits, but also helped change the cultural status of blindness.
4. Map the structure
In longer essays, you can end the introduction by briefly describing what will be covered in each part of the essay. This guides the reader through your structure and gives a preview of how your argument will develop.
The invention of Braille marked a major turning point in the history of disability. The writing system of raised dots used by blind and visually impaired people was developed by Louis Braille in nineteenth-century France. In a society that did not value disabled people in general, blindness was particularly stigmatized, and lack of access to reading and writing was a significant barrier to social participation. The idea of tactile reading was not entirely new, but existing methods based on sighted systems were difficult to learn and use. As the first writing system designed for blind people’s needs, Braille was a groundbreaking new accessibility tool. It not only provided practical benefits, but also helped change the cultural status of blindness. This essay begins by discussing the situation of blind people in nineteenth-century Europe. It then describes the invention of Braille and the gradual process of its acceptance within blind education. Subsequently, it explores the wide-ranging effects of this invention on blind people’s social and cultural lives.
Write your essay introduction
The body of your essay is where you make arguments supporting your thesis, provide evidence, and develop your ideas. Its purpose is to present, interpret, and analyze the information and sources you have gathered to support your argument.
Length of the body text
The length of the body depends on the type of essay. On average, the body comprises 60–80% of your essay. For a high school essay, this could be just three paragraphs, but for a graduate school essay of 6,000 words, the body could take up 8–10 pages.
To give your essay a clear structure , it is important to organize it into paragraphs . Each paragraph should be centered around one main point or idea.
That idea is introduced in a topic sentence . The topic sentence should generally lead on from the previous paragraph and introduce the point to be made in this paragraph. Transition words can be used to create clear connections between sentences.
After the topic sentence, present evidence such as data, examples, or quotes from relevant sources. Be sure to interpret and explain the evidence, and show how it helps develop your overall argument.
Lack of access to reading and writing put blind people at a serious disadvantage in nineteenth-century society. Text was one of the primary methods through which people engaged with culture, communicated with others, and accessed information; without a well-developed reading system that did not rely on sight, blind people were excluded from social participation (Weygand, 2009). While disabled people in general suffered from discrimination, blindness was widely viewed as the worst disability, and it was commonly believed that blind people were incapable of pursuing a profession or improving themselves through culture (Weygand, 2009). This demonstrates the importance of reading and writing to social status at the time: without access to text, it was considered impossible to fully participate in society. Blind people were excluded from the sighted world, but also entirely dependent on sighted people for information and education.
See the full essay example
The conclusion is the final paragraph of an essay. It should generally take up no more than 10–15% of the text . A strong essay conclusion :
- Returns to your thesis
- Ties together your main points
- Shows why your argument matters
A great conclusion should finish with a memorable or impactful sentence that leaves the reader with a strong final impression.
What not to include in a conclusion
To make your essay’s conclusion as strong as possible, there are a few things you should avoid. The most common mistakes are:
- Including new arguments or evidence
- Undermining your arguments (e.g. “This is just one approach of many”)
- Using concluding phrases like “To sum up…” or “In conclusion…”
Braille paved the way for dramatic cultural changes in the way blind people were treated and the opportunities available to them. Louis Braille’s innovation was to reimagine existing reading systems from a blind perspective, and the success of this invention required sighted teachers to adapt to their students’ reality instead of the other way around. In this sense, Braille helped drive broader social changes in the status of blindness. New accessibility tools provide practical advantages to those who need them, but they can also change the perspectives and attitudes of those who do not.
Write your essay conclusion
My essay follows the requirements of the assignment (topic and length ).
My introduction sparks the reader’s interest and provides any necessary background information on the topic.
My introduction contains a thesis statement that states the focus and position of the essay.
I use paragraphs to structure the essay.
I use topic sentences to introduce each paragraph.
Each paragraph has a single focus and a clear connection to the thesis statement.
I make clear transitions between paragraphs and ideas.
My conclusion doesn’t just repeat my points, but draws connections between arguments.
I don’t introduce new arguments or evidence in the conclusion.
I have given an in-text citation for every quote or piece of information I got from another source.
I have included a reference page at the end of my essay, listing full details of all my sources.
My citations and references are correctly formatted according to the required citation style .
My essay has an interesting and informative title.
I have followed all formatting guidelines (e.g. font, page numbers, line spacing).
Your essay meets all the most important requirements. Our editors can give it a final check to help you submit with confidence.
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An essay is a focused piece of writing that explains, argues, describes, or narrates.
In high school, you may have to write many different types of essays to develop your writing skills.
Academic essays at college level are usually argumentative : you develop a clear thesis about your topic and make a case for your position using evidence, analysis and interpretation.
The structure of an essay is divided into an introduction that presents your topic and thesis statement , a body containing your in-depth analysis and arguments, and a conclusion wrapping up your ideas.
The structure of the body is flexible, but you should always spend some time thinking about how you can organize your essay to best serve your ideas.
Your essay introduction should include three main things, in this order:
- An opening hook to catch the reader’s attention.
- Relevant background information that the reader needs to know.
- A thesis statement that presents your main point or argument.
The length of each part depends on the length and complexity of your essay .
A thesis statement is a sentence that sums up the central point of your paper or essay . Everything else you write should relate to this key idea.
The thesis statement is essential in any academic essay or research paper for two main reasons:
- It gives your writing direction and focus.
- It gives the reader a concise summary of your main point.
Without a clear thesis statement, an essay can end up rambling and unfocused, leaving your reader unsure of exactly what you want to say.
A topic sentence is a sentence that expresses the main point of a paragraph . Everything else in the paragraph should relate to the topic sentence.
At college level, you must properly cite your sources in all essays , research papers , and other academic texts (except exams and in-class exercises).
Add a citation whenever you quote , paraphrase , or summarize information or ideas from a source. You should also give full source details in a bibliography or reference list at the end of your text.
The exact format of your citations depends on which citation style you are instructed to use. The most common styles are APA , MLA , and Chicago .
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Writing a PowerPoint Presentation
Why write a PowerPoint presentation?
A PowerPoint presentation is similar to a poster presentation, only the information is on computer slides rather than actual posters. They are usually used to accompany an oral presentation; they should enhance the oral presentation instead of serving as speaking notes. You can incorporate audio and visual media. They are often used to share information with a large group, such as at a professional conference, classroom presentations, and meetings.
What should be included in the PowerPoint slides?
There are three main elements to a PowerPoint presentation:
Text – allows you to reinforce your main points and keep key terms and concepts in the readers’ minds. Text should almost never appear in blocks, but it should be organized into lists of single words or short statements that are easy to grasp. Text could include definitions, key points, captions, or essential facts.
Images – illustrate or highlight your main point. Some slides may only require an image with a caption to provide a visual for whatever you are presenting orally.
Graphs or Tables – present complicated information or numerical figures in a clear and easily digestible manner.
Choose a single background for the entire presentation.
Use simple, clean fonts.
Use a font size that can be seen from the back of the room.
Write in bulleted format and use consistent phrase structure in lists.
Provide essential information only. Use key words to guide the reader/listener through the presentation.
Use direct, concise language. Keep text to a minimum.
Provide definitions when necessary.
Use white space to set off text and/or visual components.
Make sure each slide logically leads to the next.
Use a heading for each slide.
Clutter the slide with graphics.
Use complicated fonts.
Add superfluous information.
Put down every word you are going to say.
Use images if they will distract.
Use hard to read color combinations, like black on blue. Try to use high contrast combinations.
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- Essay Writing
In the simplest terms, an essay is a short piece of writing which is set around a specific topic or subject. The piece of writing will give information surrounding the topic but will also display the opinions and thoughts of the author. Oftentimes, an essay is used in an academic sense by way of examination to determine whether a student has understood their studies and as a way of testing their knowledge on a specific subject. An essay is also used in education as a way of encouraging a student to develop their writing skills.
Moreover; an essay is a focused piece of writing designed to inform or persuade. There are many different types of essays, but they are often defined in four categories: argumentative, expository, narrative, and descriptive essays. Argumentative and expository essays are focused on conveying information and making clear points, while narrative and descriptive essays are about exercising creativity and writing in an interesting way. At the university level, argumentative essays are the most common type.
Types of Essay Writing
When it comes to writing an essay, there is not simply one type, there are, quite a few types of essay, and each of them has its purpose and function which are as follows:
A narrative essay details a story, oftentimes from a particular point of view. When writing a narrative essay, you should include a set of characters, a location, a good plot, and a climax to the story. It is vital that when writing this type of essay you use fine details which will allow the reader to feel the emotion and use their senses but also give the story the chance to make a point.
A descriptive essay will describe something in great detail. The subject can be anything from people and places to objects and events but the main point is to go into depth. You might describe the item’s color, where it came from, what it looks like, smells like, tastes like, or how it feels. It is very important to allow the reader to sense what you are writing about and allow them to feel some sort of emotion whilst reading. That being said, the information should be concise and easy to understand, the use of imagery is widely used in this style of essay.
An expository essay is used as a way to look into a problem and therefore compare it and explore it. For the expository essay, there is a little bit of storytelling involved but this type of essay goes beyond that. The main idea is that it should explain an idea giving information and explanation. Your expository essay should be simple and easy to understand as well as give a variety of viewpoints on the subject that is being discussed. Often this type of essay is used as a way to detail a subject which is usually more difficult for people to understand, clearly and concisely.
When writing an argumentative essay, you will be attempting to convince your reader about an opinion or point of view. The idea is to show the reader whether the topic is true or false along with giving your own opinion. You must use facts and data to back up any claims made within the essay.
Format of Essay Writing
Now there is no rigid format of an essay. It is a creative process so it should not be confined within boundaries. However, there is a basic structure that is generally followed while writing essays.
This is the first paragraph of your essay. This is where the writer introduces his topic for the very first time. You can give a very brief synopsis of your essay in the introductory paragraph. Generally, it is not very long, about 4-6 lines.
This is the main crux of your essays. The body is the meat of your essay sandwiched between the introduction and the conclusion. So the most vital content of the essay will be here. This need not be confined to one paragraph. It can extend to two or more paragraphs according to the content.
This is the last paragraph of the essay. Sometimes a conclusion will just mirror the introductory paragraph but make sure the words and syntax are different. A conclusion is also a great place, to sum up, a story or an argument. You can round up your essay by providing some morals or wrapping up a story. Make sure you complete your essays with the conclusion, leave no hanging threads.
Give your essays an interesting and appropriate title. It will help draw the attention of the reader and pique their curiosity
Keep it between 300-500 words. This is the ideal length, you can take creative license to increase or decrease it
Keep your language simple and crisp. Unnecessary complicated and difficult words break the flow of the sentence.
Do not make grammar mistakes, use correct punctuation and spelling five-paragraph. If this is not done it will distract the reader from the content
Before beginning the essay, organize your thoughts and plot a rough draft. This way you can ensure the story will flow and not be an unorganized mess.
Understand the Topic Thoroughly-Sometimes we jump to a conclusion just by reading the topic once and later we realize that the topic was different than what we wrote about. Read the topic as many times as it takes for you to align your opinion and understanding about the topic.
Make Pointers-It is a daunting task to write an essay inflow as sometimes we tend to lose our way of explaining and get off-topic, missing important details. Thinking about all points you want to discuss and then writing them down somewhere helps in covering everything you hoped to convey in your essay.
Develop a Plan and Do The Math-Essays have word limits and you have to plan your content in such a way that it is accurate, well-described, and meets the word limit given. Keep a track of your words while writing so that you always have an idea of how much to write more or less.
Essays are the most important means of learning the structure of writing and presenting them to the reader.
FAQs on Essay Writing
1. Writing an Essay in a format is important?
Yes, it is important because it makes your content more streamlined and understandable by the reader. A set format gives a reader a clear picture of what you are trying to explain. It also organises your own thoughts while composing an essay as we tend to think and write in a haphazard manner. The format gives a structure to the writeup.
2. How does Essay writing improve our English?
Essay writing is a very important part of your English earning curriculum, as you understand how to describe anything in your words or how to put your point of view without losing its meaning
3. How do you write a good essay?
Start by writing a thorough plan. Ensure your essay has a clear structure and overall argument. Try to back up each point you make with a quotation. Answer the question in your introduction and conclusion but remember to be creative too.
4. What is the format of writing an essay?
A basic essay consists of three main parts: introduction, body, and conclusion. This basic essay format will help you to write and organize an essay. However, flexibility is important. While keeping this basic essay format in mind, let the topic and specific assignment guide the writing and organization.
5. How many paragraphs does an essay have?
The basic format for an essay is known as the five paragraph essay – but an essay may have as many paragraphs as needed. A five-paragraph essay contains five paragraphs. However, the essay itself consists of three sections: an introduction, a body, and a conclusion. Below we'll explore the basics of writing an essay.
6. Can you use the word you in an essay?
In academic or college writing, most formal essays and research reports use third-person pronouns and do not use “I” or “you.” An essay is the writer's analysis of a topic. “You” has no place in an essay since the essay is the writer's thoughts and not the reader's thoughts.
7. What does bridge mean in an essay?
A bridge sentence is a special kind of topic sentence. In addition to signaling what the new paragraph is about, it shows how that follows from what the old paragraph said. The key to constructing good bridges is briefly pointing back to what you just finished saying.
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This presentation is designed to introduce your students to three major elements that constitute the writing process (invention, composition, revision) and the strategies for inventing, composing, reviewing, and proofreading. The eighteen slides presented here are designed to aid the facilitator in an interactive presentation of the nuts and bolts of the writing process. This presentation is useful for the beginning of a composition course and/or for the beginning of a writing project. This presentation may be supplemented by other OWL handouts and presentations.
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PowerPoint Presentation On Essay Writing
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Essay Structure. Writing an academic essay means fashioning a coherent set of ideas into an argument. Because essays are essentially linear—they offer one idea at a time—they must present their ideas in the order that makes most sense to a reader. Successfully structuring an essay means attending to a reader's logic.
A writer might describe a person, place, object, or even memory of special significance. The descriptive essay strives to communicate a deeper meaning through the description. In a descriptive essay, the writer should show through the use of colorful words and sensory details. 5.
What is an Argumentative Essay? The argumentative essay is a genre of writing that requires the writer to: Develop a topic via . researching. credible sources. Create a clear, concise, and defined . thesis statement. that occurs in the first paragraph of the essay. Construct body paragraphs that include . evidential support
Essay writing power_point 1. 1. Mr. Baumgartner's 10th Grade English Littlerock High School [email_address] .org. 2. Every essay has a beginning, a middle, and an end. In a five-paragraph essay, the first paragraph is called the introduction . The next three paragraphs consist of the body of the essay . The fifth and final paragraph is the ...
Essay Format These simple steps will guide you through the essay writing process: • Decide on your topic. • Prepare an outline or diagram of your ideas. • Write your thesis statement. • Write the body. • Write the main points. • Write the subpoints. • Elaborate on the subpoints. • Write the introduction. • Write the conclusion.
WRITING A COMPOSITION- STEPS A B2 oriented composition guidance ppt. Indicating steps tp follow when writing. Presenting example topics to discuss in class. Proposing half-finished "sentences... 1463 uses kathrynleavitt Five Paragraph Essay Word Depiction of what a 1.3.1 essay should look like. 981 uses giaarg B2 for Schools- Writing an essay
This presentation shows step by step how to write an academic essay as well as the general organization of essay in IELTS. Connective devices are also involved. Power Point, several opinions about the disappearance of racism to make students understand different arguments.
PowerPoint Presentation - Types of Writing Types of Writing So, what do I write? People write for different reasons or purposes. These purposes can be grouped under types of writing. Types of Writing Narrative Descriptive Expository Persuasive Creative *Note: These writing types can overlap. Narrative Writing
Summary of steps to follow to write essays in English - A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as an HTML5 slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 2aa93d-YzJhN. Toggle navigation ... Summary of steps to follow to write essays in English - PowerPoint PPT presentation . Number of Views:2931. Slides: 19. Provided by: juliotor. Category: How ...
Essay Writing in English Date: 14 March, 2000 (Tuesday) Time: 1:00 p.m. - 2:00 p.m. Venue: T6, Meng Wah Complex Ms Rachel Hong Senior Manager Email : [email protected] ... - A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as an HTML5 slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 59c0eb-NThlM
Paragraph 1: Introduction and thesis statement Paragraph 2: Discuss and give all the details of the similarities between both subjects (spring and autumn) Paragraph 3: Discuss and give all the details of the differences between both subjects (spring and autumn) Paragraph 4: Concluding statement Organizing the essay The Alternating Pattern ...
The essay writing process consists of three main stages: Preparation: Decide on your topic, do your research, and create an essay outline. Writing: Set out your argument in the introduction, develop it with evidence in the main body, and wrap it up with a conclusion.
When Writing a PowerPoint presentation, do: Choose a single background for the entire presentation. Use simple, clean fonts. Use a font size that can be seen from the back of the room. Write in bulleted format and use consistent phrase structure in lists. Provide essential information only.
Visual Rhetoric Slide Presentation. Writing a Literary Analysis Presentation. Effective Persuasion Presentation. Teaching and Assessing Grammar. Analytical Research Project Presentation. OWL Video Offerings for Instructors. Conducting an Interview Presentation. Job Acceptance Letter Presentation. Invention Presentation.
CCSS CCRA.L.1. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking. CCSS CCRA.L.3. Apply knowledge of language to understand how language functions in different contexts, to make effective choices for meaning or style, and to comprehend more fully when reading or listening. CCSS CCRA.L.5.
A descriptive essay will describe something in great detail. The subject can be anything from people and places to objects and events but the main point is to go into depth. You might describe the item's color, where it came from, what it looks like, smells like, tastes like, or how it feels.
Scholars think that every work, whether it is an essay, short story, speech, poetry, or even a television advertisement, has an argument. Argumentative writing is a style of writing that uses persuasive statements, often with counter-arguments, to reach an audience and persuade them to agree with the writer's position.
HOW TO WRITE ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAYS STAGE 1: CHOOSING A TOPIC AND WRITING THE THESIS STATEMENT Your topic must be debatable (and interesting). Write an argumentative thesis statement....
Expository writing is defined as presenting reasons, explanations, or steps in a process Informational writing An expository essay should follow a logical sequence and have three different...
4.9. (43) $3.50. PPTX. This product is a powerpoint presentation on compare/contrast essay writing (focusing on literature). It explains what a compare and contrast essay is and it discusses two methods for writing the essay (block method and point-by-point method). It also provides a list of transitional words and phrases to use when writing ...
Writing Process Presentation. This presentation is designed to introduce your students to three major elements that constitute the writing process (invention, composition, revision) and the strategies for inventing, composing, reviewing, and proofreading. The eighteen slides presented here are designed to aid the facilitator in an interactive ...
An essay is generally a short piece of writing outlining the writer's perspective or story. It is often considered synonymous with a story or a paper or an article. Essays can be formal as well as informal. Formal essays are generally academic in nature and tackle serious topics.
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The word essay is defined in The concise Oxford Dictionary as literary composition (usually prose and short)on any subject.Properly speaking, it is a written composition giving expression to ones own personal ideas or opinions on some topic; but the term usually covers also any written composition,