The Word Processing Process
What is Word Processing? Word Processing is using a computer to create, edit, and print documents. Of all computer applications, word processing is the most commonly used. To perform word processing, a computer, a special program called a word processor and a printer are required. A word processor enables the user to create a document, store it electronically on a USB or on a computer, display it on a screen, modify or format it by entering commands and characters from the keyboard, and print it on a printer. What Application Software is Available? Microsoft Word is the most widely used word processing software. Microsoft estimates that over 500,000,000 people use the Microsoft Office suite, which includes Word. Many other word processing …show more content…
In this essay, the author
- Explains that many homes have word processors on their computers, in the home word processing tends to be educational, planning or business related, dealing with assignments or work being completed at home, or recreational.
- Explains that word processing is used in a variety of different ways in the production of assignments, notes, exams, and for practicing its uses!
- Explains that word processing typically implies the presence of text manipulation functions that extend beyond a basic ability to enter and change text. microsoft office word (*word) will be used as the example.
- Explains that text manipulation refers to the ability to change words, sentences, and paragraphs which have been typed.
- Explains that pictures, images, or graphics can be added to word in a variety of ways, including inserting; pictures, clip art, shapes and smartart.
- Explains that tables are grids of cells arranged in rows and columns. they can be sorted, formatted, merged, aligned, shaded and coloured.
- Explains that content tables include section titles listed next to page numbers (like the first page of a book).
- Explains that word processing is using a computer to create, edit, and print documents. microsoft word is the most widely used word processor software.
- Explains that word processors have a variety of uses and applications within the business world, home, and education.
- Explains that formatting improves the readability of documents. word's styles allow consistent formatting of text within body, titles, subtitles, etc.
- Explains that tabs allow the setup of text on a page in the exact position it should appear in, by allowing the cursor to advance to the next stop or set position.
- Describes mail merge as the batch mailing of letters using a letter template and an address database. the names and addresses are automatically added to each of the letters and envelopes from the database or data file.
Examples include: writing short stories résumé/CV creation letter writing card creation In education word processing is used in a variety of different ways in the production of assignments, notes, exams, and for practicing its uses! DESCRIBE A TYPICAL WORD PROCESSING APPLICATION IN TERMS OF THE FOLLOWING FEATURES: Word processing typically implies the presence of text manipulation functions that extend beyond a basic ability to enter and change text. For the purpose of this module when discussing and explaining word processing features the software Microsoft Office Word (*Word) will be used as the example. 1. TEXT MANIPULATION Describe how to change the appearance of a document by text manipulation Text manipulation usually refers to the ability to change words, sentences and paragraphs which have been typed. The manipulation can involve the changing of the characters (letters and symbols), adding line breaks, direction of the text and changing the case (CAPITAL letter or small letter) of the …show more content…
So much so, that all of these formatting tools have their own buttons (formatting will be discussed in detail in LO2 and LO3). 3. GRAPHICS Describe the uses of graphics in a word document Pictures, images or graphics are a very useful way of brightening up a document and making it more appealing and interesting for the end user. Graphics can be added to Word in a variety of ways, including inserting; Pictures, Clip Art, Shapes and SmartArt. When images are added to a document it is important to consider the graphic formatting options available, such as cropping, wrapping, styles, effects and position (graphics will be discussed in detail in LO2). Page 1 4. TABS Understand the uses of tabs e.g. decimal tabs etc. Tabs allow the setup of text on a page in the exact position it should appear in, by allowing the cursor to advance to the next stop or set position. This is achieved by setting up tabs and using the tab key (to the left of the Q key) on the keyboard, to jump from one position to the next, instead of having to use the space bar again and again and
- Describes the features in microsoft word 2000 that make document making easier, such as automatic spell checking, auto correct, and inserting clip art.
- Explains how the automatic spell checker checks a document for spelling and grammar errors.
- Explains that clip art files contain photographs, sounds, and video clips that you can insert into your document. the clip gallery contains a collection of clips, separated into sub categories.
- Explains that microsoft word 2000's features are extremely helpful and allow users to make documents simple and easy. automatic spell checking is extremely convenient allowing you to fix your spelling errors while typing.
- Explains that computers are general purpose devices that can be programmed to carry out arithmetic or logical operations. they can solve more than one kind of problem.
- Explains that a computer consists of at least one processing element, typically central processing unit, and some form of memory. they state that peripheral devices allow information to be retrieved from an external source.
- Explains that mechanical analog computers were used for specialized military applications during world war ii, and the first electronic digital computer was developed.
- Explains that modern computers based on integrated circuits are millions to billions of times more capable than the early machines, and occupy a fraction of the space.
- Explains that the first recorded use of the word "computer" was in 1613 in a book called "the yong mans gleanings" by richard braithwait
- Explains that the history of the modern computer begins with two separate technologies, automated calculation and programmability.
- Explains that pascal invented the mechanical calculator in 1642, which was the first machine to better human performance of arithmetical computations.
- Explains that joseph marie jacquard improved the textile loom by introducing punched paper cards as a template, which allowed his machine to weave intricate patterns automatically.
- Explains that charles babbage was the first to conceptualize and design a fully programmable mechanical calculator, his analytical engine.
- Explains that allan bromley came to the science museum of london to study babbage's engines and determined that difference engine no. 2 was the only engine that had a complete enough set of drawings to be built.
- Analyzes how ada lovelace, an analyst of charles babbage's analytical engine, translated an article by italian military engineer luigi menabrea on the engine.
- Explains that herman hollerith invented the recording of data on a machine-readable medium in the late 1880s. these three inventions were the foundation of the modern information processing industry.
- Narrates how henry babbage, charles' son, completed a simplified version of the analytical engine's computing unit in 1888. this machine was given to the science museum in south kensington in 1910.
- Explains that leonardo torres y quevedo built two analytical machines to prove that babbage's analytical engine could be replaced with electromechanical devices.
- Narrates how howard aiken wanted to build a giant calculator and was looking for sponsors. he presented his design to monroe calculator company and harvard university, both without success.
- Explains that analog computers were used for scientific computing, but they were not programmable and lacked the versatility and accuracy of modern digital computers. alan turing provided an influential formalization of the concept of algorithm and computation.
- Explains that the first functional computer was the z1, created by germany's konrad zuse in his parents' living room in 1936 to 1938.
- Explains that george stibitz is internationally recognized as a father of the modern digital computer.
- Explains that the atanasoff–berry computer was the world's first electronic digital computer, albeit not programmable.
- Explains that executing or completing a project is when most of the work to be performed is done; for cool widget’s software training this is where most work is being done.
- Explains that cool widget employees will be trained for new microsoft software, starting march 16, 2018 and ending march 16 2019. $20,000 is assigned for certified outside microsoft project training company to begin and speed up the training process. $180,000 is allocated to training materials, planning, and delivery.
- Explains that the project is green the week of 3/29/2018-4/8/2018 due to the following elements, events, or issues:
- Describes cool widgets' desired outcome of the project.
- Recommends visiting cool widgets to obtain the desired budget for the project.
- Explains that interviewing employees and obtaining current microsoft office knowledge will affect the budget on how much education/time needs to be addressed.
- Describes the company's current, past, and future needs for using software.
- Describes the microsoft office the company will need to meet their needs.
- Opines that creating educational material for employees is crucial to microsoft office transitioning into their company correctly.
- Explains how microsoft office was rolled out in 4 different locations to ensure employees had the knowledge and resources they needed to succeed.
- Explains the importance of ensuring employees have the correct resources or if more need to be included to make things easier on the company and its employees.
- Explains the importance of the weighted scoring model, which compares different options for the project without bias.
- Explains the importance of monitoring and controlling a project's progress to ensure it continues on schedule and runs smoothly. the training manual was the best way to save cool widgets money while giving their company the training.
- Analyzes how the selfish grandmother in flannery o'connor's "a good man is hard to find" tries to use her manipulative ways to fight the misfit’s urge to kill her.
- Analyzes how the grandmother is conscious of how to manipulate people in order to obtain what she wants. she executes her personal ideas and plans in well thought-out processes.
- Analyzes how the grandmother manipulates people's first impressions by choosing to dress the part, but does not attempt to act like a lady.
- Analyzes how flannery o 'connor redefines the hero with the character, grandma, in her short story, "a good man is hard to find."
- Opines that children should learn to use the internet as a source and use other sources such as an encyclopedia or newspaper.
- Explains that microsoft word has an automatic auto corrector that helps you type documents, fix writing, and more all in one place. chelsey hilgendorf from the portage daily register has made an amazing statement about the exposure to autocorrecting at a young age.
- Analyzes how the problem stems back to elementary school, where most of this country's children have their first encounter with a computer.
- Opines that media technologies have brought about a substantial change in the experience of childhood in our society.
- Explains that social media is a place where you can put yourself out in public and tell about yourself through computer screens.
- Explains that microsoft's product consumers and its competitors are the objects of a question, and that bill gates tightened his grasp on the industry through an ingenious deal.
- Explains that microsoft has an unrestricted and exclusive median to promote, feature, and offer its programs, especially in the word-processing and spreadsheet division where microsoft presents its word and excel programs.
- Analyzes how microsoft's control makes it more dangerous to competitors. microsoft is alleged of exploiting its ownership of the pc operating system in ways that help its own applications.
- Analyzes how capitalism has allowed bill gates to develop what is nearly a natural monopoly.
- Opines that microsoft is not the stereotypical monopoly, since it continues to innovate. slight regulatory action may be needed to provide its competitors with more of a fighting chance.
- Opines that scientists should experiment with human genetics to create new life and save another.
- Explains that matthew liao sees human modification as a possible solution to climate change. he believes that ethical issues to experiments are generally for the wrong reasons.
- Explains that dr. randy lewis created the spider goat by putting spiders' silk gene into the goats so they would produce this protein in their milk.
- Opines that genetic engineering is changing the world as we know it, and that victor's life was altered when he created new life.
- Explains that telecommuting is becoming more popular every day, as businesses are looking to lower their overhead and embrace flexible staffing options.
- Explains that skype is a requirement for successful telecommuting. it lets you make free phone calls on your computer to other skype users, and it also supports videoconferencing and group chats.
- Explains that gmail lets remote workers access their e-mail wherever they go, along with the stored files and project updates that go with it.
- Describes google docs as a cloud-based application that allows you to access your stored documents from anywhere.
- Explains that dropbox is the easiest way for them to keep the files on their office computer and laptop in sync. they can invite other users to share a dropbox folder or file.
- Explains that being remote doesn't mean you have to be disconnected from your co-workers, clients, or colleagues. online applications combine various functionality and features to stay connected and work well.
- Explains that if the information used is relevant for the system, then identify the facts, investigation, which is father required.
- Explains that responsiveness is the information is responsive for the further use, and selects information which is important.
- Opines that confidentiality is an important step because if the document important than security aspect is also pay a major role.
- Explains that random sampling has the same probability of selecting randomly. with the help of random number we can make a selection.
- Explains systematic sampling, whereby one selects a data item from 1 to x, calculates sampling interval, divides it by 1 and starts selecting data items between samples.
- Explains stratified sampling, which is used when parent population or sampling is made up of subsets of a fix size.
- Explains that research is done to increase the stock of knowledge, culture and society including knowledge of man, and the use of this stock to devise new applications.
- Explains that scientific research is based on the scientific information and theories for the explanation. public authorities are involved with the scientific research.
- Explains that research in the humanities is based upon the various methods like humans, semiotics, etc.
- Explains that artistic research is a practice-based research that offers an alternative to scientific method in its search for truth and knowledge.
- Explains that kahuna cleaning supply hired a system analyst to plan and define the requirement for and enhance the existing system.
- Explains that there is a difference in satisfaction level of different customers so one has to identify that.
- Opines that customer satisfaction can be measured in terms of customer value proposition, so it's very low.
- Explains that an interview is a face-to-face interpersonal meeting designed to identify relations and capture information as it exists. it requires experience in arranging the interview, setting the stage, avoiding the outcome.
- Describes their last or current designation and their likes and dislikes.
- Describes the skills mentioned in their resume. are you an expert on them?
- Explains that if the customer is not satisfied with your working speed like you are not able to solve issues on time, what is your action plan?
- Describes how they would convince their customer that there is a known problem with their product.
- Describes their experiences with customer support.
- Describes their experiences with the products and services of this organization.
- Gives an example of a long sales cycle and see the process through to the close.
- Describes how they handled a difficult client in order to get the sale maximum, and what did they learn from their past experience?
- Describes the elements of capital budgeting in the global business arena.
- Explains that interview is one of the most important part of fact finding studies, because we have to select a right person for the right post.
- Explains how to define the list of questions for interview using different interview types, such as open-ended, close ended, range-of-response, etc.
- Explains that at the time of interview give a brief introduction of yourself and company, give time for answering questions, and after interview summarize the things.
- Recommends that interviewers prepare a document that contains the full information like date and time, points to discuss.
- Explains that document review is a process in which each page is reviewed by the means of technology, techniques currently using, cost, current employee status etc.
- Explains that sampling is a scientific process of selecting sampling units which would give the desired estimates.
- Explains the purpose of an effective interview is to gather information and facts that is supplied by witness. interviews are conducted to identify new records and additional witnesses.
- Explains that the questionnaire is a self-administrated tool that is more economical and require less skill to administer than interview. the main drawback of this tool is low percentage of returns.
- Explains that random sampling, systematic sampling and stratified sampling are used to reduce large data, and convenience sampling is a part non-probability sampling strategy.
- Explains that the resources of various specified application software are excellent in a way that they perform better, processing power is good, and graphics user interface is friendly that may enable strong data storage.
- Opines that friendly and a good replacement of paper work reduce the workload in the healthcare units.
- Explains applegate, austin, and mcfarlan's corporate information strategy and management.
- Explains that the medical industry needs systems that would automatically run the solutions for physicians. corporate information strategy and management provides a compelling solution to the health care groups.
- Explains that the backup facility provides a huge database for doctors and there is integration with the record.
- Recommends effective backup systems, a disaster recovery plan, and budget management for replacing items.
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"Word processor" Essays and Research Papers
Word Processor and Document
|The learner can... | |B1. Enter and combine text and other information accurately within word |B1.1 Identify what types of information are needed in documents | |processing documents |B1.2 Use appropriate techniques
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Features Of Word Processor
Contents Features of word processor 1 What is Word ? 2 Create a new document 2 Open a Document 2 Save a Document 2 Read documents 2 Features of word processor Word processors provide a variety of features to make entering‚ editing and formatting documents easy. One of the most basic features for entering text is word wrap. This feature automatically moves the insertion point to the next line once the current line is full. As you type‚ the words wrap around to the next line. There are numerous features
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A word processor is a computer program used to write
A word processor is a computer program used to write‚ edit‚ print‚ and publish documents for school‚ work‚ or even use at home. A word processor in general can be used to create any type of document in plain text‚ rich text document‚ HTML‚ and XML documents. It also has many templates for use such as tables‚ and graphs for use with your papers and many other features. Microsoft Word is the word processor made by the Microsoft Incorporation‚ and usually comes in a package known as Microsoft Office
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qualities that will help you in your life and lead you to write and build the story of your life. Bengali (2nd Language) 1. Write down any incident of your childhood with illustration (within 150 words ) 2. Write down one paragraph about “Products full of nutrients” with illustrations (within 150 words ). Bengali (3rd Language) 1. Write an essay on Summer season with illustrations. Hindi (2nd Language) 1. Har Saal Mausam ka badalta mijaj varnan karo. Hindi (3rd Language) 1. Prakriti mein
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WHAT’S NEW IN A MICROSOFT WORD Everyday task made fast and easy. Instead of checking the spelling in your entire documents at once let Word flag your spelling mistakes as you type with Spell it. You can make corrections at your leisure by viewing pop-up list suggested changes. Speed text editing by having Word automatically fix capitalization errors and common misspelling using the improve AutoCorrect feature. AutoCorrect learns your personal preferences for capitalization and spelling as you
Important Components of Word Processing Software.
Important components of word processing software. There are many useful tools in word processing software that can help one to achieve success in their career such as; font settings‚ highlighting‚ line spacing‚ spelling and grammar checking‚ and the ability to implement spreadsheets‚ tables and graphs. Word processors such as Microsoft Word have many typesetting features to help the user accomplish their goals. Features like different font sizes and the ability to change the color that a phrase
MS Word Quiz
this question: 0/1. Word ‚ Page: 97 Topic: None assigned Objective: None assigned 2 Score: 1 To copy an item already in the Clipboard task pane into your Word document‚ begin by Choose one answer. a. clicking the item in the Clipboard task pane. b. positioning the insertion point at the desired location. c. double-clicking the item in the Clipboard task pane. d. clicking the Paste All button in the Clipboard task pane. Correct Score for this question: 1/1. Word ‚ Page: 80 Topic: None
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The Most Useful Features of MS Word
Which 3 features of Microsoft Word would be most helpful in Simon’s experience as a student and as a worker? According to my opinion and what I read I would say that 3 primary functions for Simon would be the fact that he can save his work so that he could go back to it at any time he needed to look at it. The second one I would think it would be the fact that he would be able to do a spell check and grammar check would be another plus. And like the textbook states you can also insert pictures
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Itq Level 2 - Word Assessment
Word Processing Software Level 2 (Credit value 4) Assessment You should use this file to complete your Assessment. • The first thing you need to do is save a copy of this document‚ either onto your computer or a disk • Then work through your Assessment‚ remembering to save your work regularly • When you’ve finished‚ print out a copy to keep for reference • Then‚ go to www.vision2learn.com and send your completed Assessment to your tutor via your My Study area – make sure
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Word: Microsoft Office and Document B. Merge
Imprint 6. Matt wants to have places in his survey template where users can check “Yes” or No” about their senior week plans. Which tool would he use? A. Content Controls B. Macro C. Placeholder D. Textbox 7. How is the watermark removed from a Word 2010 document? A. Choose Remove Watermark from the Watermark drop-down box the Page Layout Ribbon B. Choose Cancel Watermark from the Watermark drop – down on the Insert Ribbon C. Choose Delete Watermark from the Watermark drop – down on the Page
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or Quad Core processors (on one single chip) instead of the traditional one core per chip. Now the total number of Cores can slot into a socket as before and a single heat sink and fan can keep everything to the right temperature. Types of processors : Intel Pentium Dual Core Processors The Intel Pentium processors with Intel dual-core technology deliver great desktop performance‚ low power enhancements‚ and multitasking for everyday computing. Intel Dual Core i3 Processors Intel Core i3
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Curriculum Meaning and Definition The word curriculum is derived form a Latin word “Correre” which was used an alternate of ‘path way’. Experts defining curriculum with reference to its origin call it a runway. This perception has probably introduced curriculum as a course which one runs to reach a goal‚ which in no case‚ fully explains the literal meaning curriculum. Definition “The experiences which are utilized by the school to attain the aims education “ Principles of Curriculum Development
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Word Processing Definitions 1. Word Processing--a computerized method of writing‚ editing‚ saving‚ and printing text 2. Text--another name for alphabetical data that was entered 3. Character--any letter‚ number‚ or symbol typed on the keyboard 4. Data--information entered into the computer 5. Word Wrap--letting the computer decide where to end each line (typing text without pushing return at the end of each line) | 6. Document--anything produced on a word processing program 7. Cursor--a
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The Uses of Microsoft Word
are the uses of Microsoft Word ? [->0] Popular Questions Answers.com[->1]>Wiki Answers[->2]>Categories[->3]>Technology[->4]>Software and Applications (non-game)[->5]>Office Applications[->6]>Microsoft Word [->7]>What are the uses of Microsoft Word ? · Home While many homes have word processors on their computers‚ word processing in the home tends to be educational or business related‚ dealing with assignments or work being completed at home. Some use word processors for letter writing‚ résumé
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Ms Word Drill
MS Word Ex1 There’s a cliché about holding the future in the palm of your hand. But if you go to Lowe’s or Home Depot‚ you might actually be able to do it. In the pwer tool aisle‚ pick up a cordless drill or saw from DeWalt and there might well be a futuristic battery pack attached—a battery that promises greater power‚ longer life‚ better safety‚ and shorter recharge time than conventional batteries. The batery itself looks little diferent to the naked eye‚ or even under a microscope. The key
Introduction to Word Processing
Introduction to Word Processing Word Processing Background OpenOffice.org WRITER OpenOffice.org Writer is an open source/free software word processor that is a component of the OpenOffice.org software package. Writer is capable of opening and saving documents in a number of various formats‚ including Microsoft Word’s .doc‚ .rtf‚ .xhtml‚ and the Oasis Open Document format (or commonly called as ODF‚ its default format of version 2.0). As with format the OpenOffice.org suite‚ Writer can
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Using Word Processing Tools
Working in Microsoft Word as often as I do I thought I had a pretty good idea of the capabilities. This reading just through the first few chapters has proven me wrong. I am looking forward to opening up to learning things I have clearly overlooked. I think people often get comfortable in what they know‚ as I have‚ and get used to doing things the way they have learned or been shown often disregarding the fact that there might be a better or faster way. Then there is habit once learning a new
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How Microsoft Office Word, Excel, and PowerPoint are used to support various work environments?
Nicole Keener September 23‚ 2013 How Microsoft Office Word ‚ Excel‚ and PowerPoint are used to support various work environments? There are many uses for Microsoft Office in my classes; work‚ home and career. You can you Microsoft Office Word ‚ Excel in PowerPoint to make word documents‚ spreadsheets and slide shows for class‚ work and work. Microsoft Office Suite is the most widely recognized software program in the world of business. ”Demonstrate your mastery of business
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Digital Signal Processors
Sana ’a university Collage of Engineering Department of Electrical Engineering Digital Signal Processors Mohammed Mohammed Al-Sanabani | 503/2008 | Telecom | 4th Level Abstract During the past decade digital signal processors (DSPs) have hit critical mass for high-volume applications. Today‚ the entire digital wireless industry operates with DSP-enabled handsets and base stations. This paper gives a plain introduction to DSP devices. The discussion focuses on the digital electronics
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Word Frequency and the Generation Effect
WORD FREQUENCY AND THE GENERATION EFFECT ABSTRACT This report aimed to investigate the generation effect occurs for low frequency words . The experiment used a sample of 117 second year Research Method students from Birkbeck Univerity in within and between subject design. There were two independent variables‚ read and generate items and two dependant variables‚ low and high frequency. This data was analyzed with related sample t test to examine whether the generation effect occurs for
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Explain details about word processing.
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Effects of Word Processors on Writing Ability Essay
Technological advancement has led to great impact on writing. Like in other areas, advancement in technology has influenced the way people write both positively and negatively. Writing emails, chatting using social networking websites and writing short text massages have become day to day activities. Today computer has become the basic tool for writing. Instead of using pen and paper or typesetting, today people prefer to type their work using word processors. Word processors are the technology that has great influence on my writing process. I prefer to use word processor software when writing instead of conventional ways. In the paper, I report impact of word processors on my writing process. Using word processors has transformed my writing to a higher level. When using traditional pen and paper, I had to care more on mechanics of writing than communicating my message. I paid undue attention to hand writing, spelling, sentence structure and other basic mechanics. By using word processors, I am able to concentrate more on writing rather than caring about my hand writing or trying to check up spelling in a dictionary. Word processors have allowed me to write at ease and improve on my critical thinking and writing. Before embracing word processors, writing seemed very complex. Before producing a final piece of writing, I had to go through many tedious steps including making an outline, writing a draft, editing and recopying the final draft. Using word processors has not only helped me to overcome mechanical difficulties in writing but also improve my attitude towards writing. Word processors have many advantages over conventional pen and paper or typesetting. The main advantage of using word processors is ability to edit work without having to recopy. Word processors make it easy to edit, enabling one to correct mistakes, add or remove ideas without having to rewrite a piece of work. Ability to rewrite my work without having to recopy motivates me to revise my work and therefore improve my writing skills. Unlike when using conventional ways, using word processor allows me to write quickly. Word processors have inbuilt support that make writing and editing to be considerably fast. Because of support provided by word processors, I do not worry much about style when using them but instead concentrate on communicating my message. Good writing is a process that can take many years to achieve. Practice and learning through mistakes are important to writing. Using word processors makes writing enjoyable to me and motivate me to practice the skill. Using word processors, I can retrieve pieces of writing written in the past and try to improve on them. In addition to revisiting my work, work processors makes it possible to share my work with other people who can advice me on how to improve. In spite of many positive contributions of word processor to my writing, they have shortfalls. Sometimes I am not able to spot my mistakes in writing when using word processors. In addition, dependence on some tools in word processor such as spelling checker inhibits ability to do so without help. Technology significantly influences writing. Word processors are the technology that has great influence on my writing process. Using word processors enables me to concentrate on communicating my message rather than worry about mechanical difficulties. Using the technology I can edit or improve my work much easily than in conventional ways. Technology has become part of our life and adopting technology in writing is in order.
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References (30), cited by (30), recommended articles (6).
The influence of student experience with word processors on the quality of essays written for a direct writing assessment ☆.
Although prior research has identified general procedural and qualitative differences between word-processed and pen and paper writing, little attention has been directed toward identifying how these differences relate to the prior word processing experiences of individual students. Additionally, few researchers have addressed the issue of fairness when discussing the use of word processors in writing assessment. This study investigates this relationship by comparing essays composed with pen and paper for a direct writing assessment to those composed with a word processor by students having different levels of experience with using word processors for writing.
We observed differences between the two composition media similar to differences observed in previous studies of word-processed writing. That is, our results show that, overall, word-processed essays are neater and longer than were pen and paper essays. Word-processed essays also have a more formal tone and a weaker voice than their pen and paper counterparts. No composition medium differences were observed for the number of mechanical errors.
In terms of how word processor experience interacts with writing quality, we found that word processors use neither improved nor worsen the quality of essays produced by students who have medium to high levels of experience using computers for writing. On the other hand, the word processor essays produced by students with a low level of experience writing with computers were scored, on a six-point scale, almost an entire point lower than those produced with pen and paper by these same students. Groups with high and medium levels of experience with word processors wrote slightly more words with a word processor than with pen and paper. On the other hand, the group with a low level of experience with using computers for writing wrote over 100 words fewer on word processors than with pen and paper. As for the number of simple sentences, groups with high and medium levels of comfort and experience with computers for writing wrote fewer simple sentences with a word processor than with pen and paper, while the group with a low level of comfort and experience with computers for writing wrote more simple sentences with word processors than with pen and paper. There were no group by media interactions for the number of mechanical errors.
Local scoring guide: 10th Grade Writing Assessment
Technical manual: 10th grade writing assessment, direct writing assessment: a study of bias in scoring hand-written vs. word-processed papers, improving students' writing with microcomputers, language arts, case studies of student writers.
- J. Britton et al.
Word processing in the primary classroom
How computers can change the writing process, common measures, american school board journal, word processing and writing in elementary classrooms: a critical review of related literature, review of educational research, learning to write differently, writing processes and revising strategies: study of effects of computer based text editors on revising strategies for independent writers, college composition and communication, can the computer stimulate writers' inner dialogues, physical and cognitive factors in revising: insights from studies with computers, research in the teaching of english, the effects of word processing on written composition, journal of educational research, examining the comparability between paper- and computer-based versions of an integrated writing placement test.
Several studies have shown that a writer’s computer familiarity moderates the effect of test delivery mode. These include studies in K-12 contexts with children (e.g., Horkay et al. (2006)’s comparability study with the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP)), as well as with university students (e.g., Wolfe, Bolton, Feltovich, & Niday, 1996) and in adult functional writing contexts (e.g., Chen, White, McCloskey, Soroui, & Chun, 2011). Specifically, computer-based assessments seemed to underestimate the writing ability of examinees with little experience using computers.
The English Placement Test (EPT) is a process-oriented integrated writing placement test for newly-admitted international students at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. In order to meet student demand, since 2012 the EPT has been administered in both paper-pencil (on-campus) and computer-delivered (online) versions. Both versions feature a two-draft essay writing process and have identical testing procedures except that the online EPT does not have a peer review session, which is built into the on-campus test. This study examined the comparability of the on-campus and online versions, focusing on essay quality and examinee preference among 26 examinees who took both versions within a week, in counterbalanced order. Essay quality was measured in terms of linguistic (complexity, accuracy, fluency) and rhetorical features (integration of sources, progression of ideas, argument effectiveness). No meaningful differences in essay quality were observed between the two versions, although online essays were slightly longer. Post-test questionnaire responses revealed that a majority of test-takers preferred the online version for its convenience. We discussed the advantages and disadvantages of including peer review in writing placement tests, and we concluded by providing recommendations for evaluating comparability as a part of standard quality control practice in local tests.
The effects of writing mode and computer ability on L2 test-takers’ essay characteristics and scores
These studies suggest that test-takers with higher computer familiarity tend to perform better on CB writing tasks, while test-takers with lower computer familiarity tend to perform better on PB writing tasks (Wolfe & Manalo, 2005). For instance, Wolfe et al. (1996) found that, while writing mode did not make a difference for students with mid to high levels of experience writing in L1 on the computer, students with low level of comfort and experience with computers produced essays that were shorter, included simpler sentences and received lower scores when writing on the computer than they did when writing on paper (cf. Horkay et al., 2006; Russell & Haney, 1997). In L2 writing, Maycock and Green (2005) found that test-takers’ ability and experience in using computers did not have a significant impact on their scores on a CB version of the IELTS writing section.
This exploratory study examined the effects of writing mode (computer vs. paper) and computer ability on the scores and linguistic characteristics of essays written in response to a second-language (L2) writing test. Each of 97 test-takers, with two levels of English language proficiency (ELP; low vs. high) and two levels of keyboarding skills (low vs. high,) responded to two equivalent writing tasks, one on paper and one on the computer. Test-takers' written responses were then marked holistically and analysed in terms of various writing features. The findings indicated that writing mode had significant effects on measures of fluency, lexical complexity, cohesion, and content, but not writing scores. Keyboarding skills had significant, but small, effects on measures of fluency, local cohesion, and writing scores, while ELP had significant, large effects on writing scores and measures of fluency, accuracy, and lexical complexity. Overall, the findings suggest that writing mode and keyboarding skills do not seem to seriously affect performance on computer-based L2 writing tests perhaps because of the growing familiarity and proficiency of the target population with using computers to write in English.
Essay Composition across Media: A Quantitative Comparison of 8th Grade Student Essays Composed with Paper vs. Chromebooks
Many current standardized testing and teaching practices approach media for composition with the assumption that media do not influence the writing process in significant ways. This study seeks to determine whether emergent media used for student writing influence essay composition (in terms of quantifiable text indicators) and compares a set of eighth-grade student essays composed via Chromebooks ( n = 139) to those written by hand ( n = 319). Essays were collected from students across three (3) schools, and descriptive results corroborate previous findings that Chromebook essays were generally longer than handwritten essays. ANOVA hypothesis testing on Flesch-Kincaid reading ease and grade level scores yielded new knowledge with regard to writing complexity as they indicated that Chromebook essays exhibited a significantly higher grade-level of writing and greater reading difficulty. This suggests greater complexity in word usage and sentence composition among Chromebook essays when compared to handwritten essays and also suggests that the medium itself may have an effect upon the complexity of student writing.
Are TOEFL iBT<sup>®</sup> writing test scores related to keyboard type? A survey of keyboard-related practices at testing centers
For example, Horkay, Bennett, Allen, Kaplan, and Yan (2006) found that computer familiarity, as demonstrated by hands-on typing and editing exercises, can significantly predict students’ computer-based test (CBT) writing scores after controlling for their PBT writing scores. Wolfe, Bolton, Feltovich, and Bangert (1996) and Wolfe et al. (1996b) found that 10th-grade students with little or no experience using computers scored higher on the PBT writing test than on the CBT writing test while experienced computer users had no testing mode effects between PBT and CBT. Similarly, Russell (1999) found that, after controlling for reading performance, middle school students with low keyboarding skills were disadvantaged on a CBT writing test compared to a similar group who had the same level of keyboard skills but used paper and pencil to write.
The strength of a computer-based writing test, such as the TOEFL iBT ® Writing Test, lies in its capability to assess all examinees under the same conditions so that scores reflect the targeted writing abilities rather than differences in testing conditions, such as types of keyboards. The familiarity and proficiency examinees have with a specific type of keyboard could affect their efficiency in writing essays and introduce construct-irrelevant variance, although little research is available in the literature. To explore this, we surveyed 2214 TOEFL iBT testing centers in 134 countries on practices related to keyboard type and analyzed the centers’ responses and the TOEFL iBT scores of examinees from these centers. Results revealed that (a) most testing centers used the U.S. standard English keyboard (USKB) for the test, but a small proportion of centers used a country-specific keyboard (CSKB) after being converted to the USKB; (b) TOEFL iBT Writing scores appear to be significantly associated with the types of keyboard and overlay in only 10 countries, with trivial or small score differences associated with keyboard type. These findings suggest that the current practices related to keyboard type appear to have no or little practical effect on examinees’ TOEFL iBT Writing scores.
The effect of pen and paper or tablet computer on early writing - A pilot study
One consequence of the ongoing controversy on the implementation of digital tools in early writing instruction is a need to investigate the effect of different writing instruction tools such as pen(cil) and paper and tablet computers on early writing. The purpose of this pilot study is to develop a study design and a writing test to investigate the effect of writing instruction tool (tablet computer vs. pen and paper) and test format (digital vs. pen-and-paper) on early writing outcomes. For the writing test, our pilot study shows that pupils assessed by the digital test format wrote faster compared with those assessed by pen-and-paper format, independent of the writing instruction tool. Given the limitations of this pilot study in scope and its quasi-experimental nature, we provide some suggestions for the design of a larger scale study by taking into account the rapid development of the field of early writing instruction.
Issues in transitioning from the traditional blue-book to computer-based writing assessment
In fairness to these groups, computer-based writing assessment may be a valid measure of their writing performance. Conversely, research reveals that students who are not skilled with word processors are worse off when they are required to type their timed writing assessment (Wolfe et al., 1996). Hence, the decision to administer the test in only one mode can result in test bias and place either group at a disadvantage (Maulan, 2004; Chen et al., 2011).
With the increasing popularity of computers in learning and instruction, it is evident that students are no longer doing much pen-and-paper writing in the classroom. Since most academic work is done on computers, handwriting any piece of academic work is tacitly becoming foreign to students. As such, their placement writing assessments, too, should be administered on computers. However, the decision to transition from the traditional blue book to computer-based writing assessment requires a careful understanding of issues that affect students and raters and that college writing programs must be quipped to manage. This article discusses such critical issues necessary for making informed transitioning and suggests ways to ensure tests administered in both modes are comparable.
The effect of abnormality-prevalence expectation on naïve observer performance and visual search
To measure the effect of abnormality-prevalence expectation on naïve observer performance during lesion detection on chest radiographs.
A multi-reader, fixed-case receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) and eye-position analysis study to assess the effect of prevalence expectation on observer performance was conducted. Sixteen diagnostic radiography students (naïve observers) were divided into four prevalence expectation groups (four in each group) and each was asked to interpret thirty (15 abnormal) postero-anterior (PA) identical chest image sets twice to decide if pulmonary nodular lesions were present. Prior to each viewing they were told that the images contained a specific number of abnormal images: group 1: 9 & 15; group 2: 15 & 22; group 3: 9 & 22; group 4:15 & 15.
ROC-analysis demonstrated that no significant effect could be measured as a function of prevalence ( p > 0.05). However, sensitivity analysis showed a significant change in Group 3 ( p = 0.0237). Eye-positional analysis showed one significant change, which was found in Group 1 for mean fixation duration on a lesion ( p = 0.0458).
Overall, the findings of this study showed evidence that the rudimentary performance of naïve observers is altered due to changing prevalence expectation rates.
Writing with Scrivener : A Hopeful Tale of Disappearing Tools, Flatulence, and Word Processing Redemption
There is no writing without technology. Although we are highly aware of writing's mediated nature when asked to learn new writing technologies either as individuals or as a society, we most often ignore these technologies, allowing them to disappear from our consciousness. Not paying attention to our tools can, however, have dangerous consequences. It becomes easy to forget the political, economic, and random forces that influence our choice of technology. Using personal narrative, I explore this tangled relationship between the disappearance of our tools, tool standardization, tool (dis)abilities, and tool design. I tell the story of my four-year-old son's journey to literacy and my discovery of a new type of writing software called Scrivener . Reading the story of Scrivener 's development empowered me: I came to see myself as an active participant in the creation of my writing technologies, and I learned to identify when the discomforts of technology should not be ignored. I use these narratives to argue for a posthumanist view of our relationship with technology, a view in which boundaries between humans and technology are blurred, and I offer suggestions on how to adopt a posthumanist perspective toward writing tools in our composition classrooms.
How invariant and accurate are domain ratings in writing assessment?
The use of evidence to guide policy and practice in education ( Cooper, Levin, & Campbell, 2009 ) has included an increased emphasis on constructed-response items, such as essays and portfolios. Because assessments that go beyond selected-response items and incorporate constructed-response items are rater-mediated ( Engelhard, 2002 , Engelhard, 2013 ), it is necessary to develop evidence-based indices of quality for the rating processes used to evaluate student performances. This study proposes a set of criteria for evaluating the quality of ratings based on the concepts of measurement invariance and accuracy within the context of a large-scale writing assessment. Two measurement models are used to explore indices of quality for raters and ratings: the first model provides evidence for the invariance of ratings, and the second model provides evidence for rater accuracy. Rating quality is examined within four writing domains from an analytic rubric. Further, this study explores the alignment between indices of rating quality based on these invariance and accuracy models within each of the four domains of writing. Major findings suggest that rating quality varies across analytic rubric domains, and that there is some correspondence between indices of rating quality based on the invariance and accuracy models. Implications for research and practice are discussed.
A von Willebrand factor fragment containing the D′D3 domains is sufficient to stabilize coagulation factor VIII in mice
Plasma factor VIII (FVIII) and von Willebrand factor (VWF) circulate together as a complex. We identify VWF fragments sufficient for FVIII stabilization in vivo and show that hepatic expression of the VWF D′D3 domains (S764-P1247), either as a monomer or a dimer, is sufficient to raise FVIII levels in Vwf −/− mice from a baseline of ∼5% to 10%, to ∼50% to 100%. These results demonstrate that a fragment containing only ∼20% of the VWF sequence is sufficient to support FVIII stability in vivo. Expression of the VWF D′D3 fragment fused at its C terminus to the Fc segment of immunoglobulin G1 results in markedly enhanced survival in the circulation (t 1/2 > 7 days), concomitant with elevated plasma FVIII levels (>25% at 7 days) in Vwf −/− mice. Although the VWF D′D3-Fc chimera also exhibits markedly prolonged survival when transfused into FVIII-deficient mice, the cotransfused FVIII is rapidly cleared. Kinetic binding studies show that VWF propeptide processing of VWF D′D3 fragments is required for optimal FVIII affinity. The reduced affinity of VWF D′D3 and VWF D′D3-Fc for FVIII suggests that the shortened FVIII survival in FVIII-deficient mice transfused with FVIII and VWF D′D3/D′D3-Fc is due to ineffective competition of these fragments with endogenous VWF for FVIII binding.
Comparing the accuracy of different scoring methods for identifying sixth graders at risk of failing a state writing assessment
Students who fail state writing tests may be subject to a number of negative consequences. Identifying students who are at risk of failure affords educators time to intervene and prevent such outcomes. Yet, little research has examined the classification accuracy of predictors used to identify at-risk students in the upper-elementary and middle-school grades. Hence, the current study compared multiple scoring methods with regards to their accuracy for identifying students at risk of failing a state writing test. In the fall of 2012, students composed a persuasive prompt in response to a computer-based benchmark writing test, and in the spring of 2013 they participated in the state writing assessment. Predictor measures included prior writing achievement, human holistic scoring, automated essay scoring via Project Essay Grade (PEG), total words written, compositional spelling, and sentence accuracy. Classification accuracy was measured using the area under the ROC curve. Results indicated that prior writing achievement and PEG Overall Score had the highest classification accuracy. A multivariate model combining these two measures resulted in only slight improvements over univariate prediction models. Study findings indicated that choice of scoring method affects classification accuracy, and automated essay scoring can be used to accurately identify at-risk students.
This research was funded by American College Testing.
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Effects of Word Processing Programs and Writing Software on Students’ Writing Ability
Mixed reactions have since emerged in researches conducted to identify the effects of word processing programs and computer writing software on students’ writing capabilities. Some studies have shown positive effects towards the use of computer word processing programs. On the other hand, others have indicated barely minimal difference in cases where the programs or software are used by students (Swan 4). This paper will in effect establish if word processing programs and computer skill can either sharpen or even weaken college student’s writing skills.
Today, computer word processing programs have eased the editing process of correcting spelling mistakes, grammatical mistakes and sentence punctuations. Some latest word processors are even able put in text citations on student research papers Similarly, computer writing software are able to correct the mistakes and check for plagiarism of researched work. The advantages that come with word processors and these computer writing software would therefore definitely outweigh the negative impacts on students’ writing capabilities.
Among the disadvantages of word processing programs and writing software that weaken students’ knowledge in writing are; first, the word processing increases the likelihood of certain spelling errors (Noel 106). Word processors causes unwanted modifications while spellchecking some errors leading to some misspelt words or confused words (Noel 106). In relation that, students often believe word processors are always correct in spelling hence leaning more erroneous spellings from them. This in turn leads to more students having a lot of spelling errors in their typed or written work.
Secondly, computers tempt to substitute a person’s writing for thinking. The whole essence of writing is to make sense to a particular audience with a particular intension (Grow 218). As Grow observes;
When they write with a computer, instead of rethinking their drafts for purpose, audience, content, strategy, and effectiveness, most untrained writers just keep editing the words they first wrote down (p.219).
This results college students handing in write-ups which do not make sense or with no proper flow of ideas.
Another disadvantage is that word processors in computers enhances more of collaborative writing (Grow 218). In a collaborative writing, different write may not have the same ideas about tone, punctuation or even rhythm of their sentences. In that case, a computer collaborative write up by college students often do not make much meaning due to variations on how different writers put down their point (Ling 25). The result is a write up with minimal flow of ideas from one writer to the other which limits students from expressing their writing skills in group work which require a collaborative writing.
One of the limiting factors about word processors is that it becomes very difficult for writers to get an overview of their work (Grow 220). This is because word processors barely display more than twenty four lines of words at an instant. This creates a no clear sense of directions hence writers end up with partially expressed ideas or recurrence of ideas.
While the use of word processors produces a well presented write ups, it limits the students’ ability to improve on their hand written work. The emergence of computer era has affected greatly students’ handwriting. Students today are used to typing their work on computers rather than putting them on pen and paper, the results is a poorly presented hand written work. (Ling 76). Hand writing is very important for student in putting across a hand written idea. Hence a write up not well written limits student writing capability.
On the other hand, the only mentionable disadvantage of computer writing softwares is that, existence of various softwares does not have a substandard grading system on students’ writing capability. The result to unbalance student self-evaluation. (Ling 76). Students often focus on the software evaluation for their writing forgetting that the software have their limitations as far as writing is concerned. The result is a student generation with minimal writing skills.
Using computers in class is beneficial since students who have mustered their computer keys are able to write their work pretty fast compared to a work which is being hand written by paper and pen (Hamel 1). The idea in this fact is buyable because in evaluating students writing skills, speed with accuracy is an element which is always considered. Thus a student is able to hand in a correct write up with minimal mistakes at a short time.
Another advantage about a computer is that each keystroke corresponds to a particular letter (Graham 6). Considering the fact that a computer displays letters dialed on the screen, it can therefore be credited with correct spellings of words. Therefore, a college student who definitely has undergone preliminary childhood education could easily notice a spelling mistake and correct it through a word program document. This is unlike the hand written job where one could easily do a lot of spelling mistakes. The result is improved writing skills due to mastery of good spellings (Ling 123).
Computer word processing guarantees student a write-up which is easy to revise, and add ideas or remove vague statements. (Graham 6). This often encourage writers to do more writing unlike hand written work where once a mistake is done then the whole document has to be rewritten. The ease with which writers can write different varieties of job with fewer discouragements improves writing skills.
Computer word processing improves students’ interactivity to the subject matter of the writing (Hamel 1). The fact that word processing program indicates when there is a problem with grammar, sentence structure and spelling mistakes by underlining where there is a problem, encourages the student to get more involved into the writing by doing his researches properly to avoid such mistakes. Mistakes corrected often stick in the mind of the student therefore improving his writing skills (Hamel 1).
Another benefit of word processing is an easy organization of work.(Hamel 1) Word processing software is connected to other electronic sources such as the grammar and plagiarism checkers which are online (Graham 7). The checkers dig deeper into the details of the work to include checks on flows of ideas in relation to other people’s work. The result is therefore a more organized work from students.
Relation to these, computer writing software have also greatly impacted on the way college students write today. According to Fang, a research conducted aimed to investigate the perception of a computer assisted writing program among EFL College learners indicated that;
Majority of students held favorable attitudes towards using MyAccess as a writing tool, but were less positive concerning its use as an essay grading tool. Evidence obtained from a multiple choice question in the survey showed that a majority of the students benefited by using the computer-mediated feedback to revise their essays. Moreover, interview data revealed that the computer-mediated feedback had a positive effect on writing skill development, particularly in suggesting changes for form rather than for content. Finally, eight of the nine interview participants suggested that MyAccess could be utilized in future writing (p.246).
From this research, it is clear that computer assisted programs have become more beneficial to learners writing development. Researchers currently emphasize the use of computer aided writing in learning of second language (Fang 247). This is because the editor function in this software improves vocabulary, word usage, sentences structuring and spelling (Fang 252). On the other hand, the tutor function on this program is as well useful correction of grammar (Fang 247). This is an indication that these softwares improve students writing capabilities.
Another advantage of this is that the automated grading system accompanied by this software helps students evaluate their writing development very easily on their own (Fang 252). The fact that a student can write and do self-evaluation by his score on writing, improves a student writing skills because he is able to constantly gauge his level of writing at any particular moment.
In summary, the advantages that come along with word processing program such as grammar correction, proper sentence structuring, and students’ interactivity among others outweigh the disadvantages that the program imposes on students’ writing development. On the other hand, writing software carries along more advantage of student self-evaluation that makes it more reliable on sharpening students’ writing capabilities.
Condit, N., Kidwell, L., & Kratcoski, A. Using digital tools to support children’s inquiry. Journal of the Research Center for Educational Technology, 3(2); (2007); pp.4-11.
Fang, Y. Perceptions of the Computer-Assisted Writing Program among EFL College Learners: Educational Technology ; Society, 13 (3), 2009; 246-252. Print.
Graham, Steve. The Power of Word Processing for the Student Writer. (2008). Rennaisance Reading, pp.4-12. Web. ; http://doc.renlearn.com/KMNet/R004215628GH546B.pdf;.
Grow, Gerald. How Computers Cause Bad Writing. (2005)Vol. 39, No. 2. 217-220. ; http://www.longleaf.net/ggrow/computerbad.html;.
Hamel, Gregory. What Are the Benefits of Laptops in School?, 2015. Web. ; http://classroom.synonym.com/benefits-laptops-school-2552.html;.
Ling, Lim. Innovative Methods and Technologies for Electronic Discourse Analysis. IGI Global, 2013. Print.
Noel, Lindsay. Word Processors Negatively Affect Writing Quality: A Comparison with Transgenic Crops. International Journal of Computer Technology ; Applications, Vol 4 (1), 2013; 104-107. Print.
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Doubek's Attention, Students: Put Your Laptops Away
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Does Texting Affect Writing? By Michaela Cullington
Cullington begins her essay by addressing her opposition: “It’s taking over our lives” (pg. 361). She cites studies done that suggest that a decline in the quality of students’ formal writing has occurred since the advent of text messaging, and she also cites teachers who believe that their own students’ works are influenced for the worse by the students’ being accustomed to texting and using textspeak. Cullington then proposes her opposing position that the writing of students is unaffected by their use of texting and text speak. She also cites studies that support her thesis that text messaging and textspeak do not have an effect on
Our Semi-Literate Youth Not As Fast Essay
Andrea Lunsford, who wrote “Our Semi-Literate Youth? Not So Fast”, conducts her own study with a few colleagues to take notes on how students writing skills are changing. She decides to conduct another one twenty five years later to see how much the writing skills have changed since technology has been updated and became more available to students. She found that “students today are writing more than ever before.” Although we still have the same amount of writing errors as before, the patterns of errors are different. Many people argue that technology is only making our writing skill worse, this study helps to prove a different theory. Most of the errors made are the use of a wrong word. Lunsford believes “these wrong words come from the advice given by the
Argumentative Essay On Graphic Design
Since IBM introduced the first personal computer in 1981 and following with Apple introducing the first Macintosh in 1984, graphic design has had huge advances for the better and has since become an ally and tool for modern-day designers. While in the old days a designer would have to use the time consuming “cut and paste” method to create layouts, now they can simply click and drag elements around in Adobe Indesign. Typography has evolved from the days when Johannes Guternberg introduced the mechanical movable type to the point where, in the present day designers can just simple kern or track type with the push of a mouse button. The versatility in digital products like the Adobe Creative Suite allows the designer to be more experimental in their creation and thus pushing boundaries on what can be created.
Cursive Hand Writting In School
I personally think we should not have cursive hand writting in school. With the technology we have today kids with phones, tablets,computers most kids dont write assiment 's in hand anymore.It also is a waste of money in shcool 's now having to buy paper when kids can just type the work they are doing on tablets, phones. I also dont think we need it in our school 's when there is other important stuff that we need to learn more than focusing on how to write in cursive. Also at the same time people think it could benifit students who have problems learing how to write. It also helps to learn to write in cursive so when kids get older they know how to properly know how to fill out checks. But at the same time some teachers don 't even know how
The Importance Of Learning Cursive Writing
Life is like a decaying house; it presents one with myriad challenges. Challenges are inherent to life, so individuals are required to buckle down and, begrudgingly, face them. Most dislike the numerous challenges they confront, but, with time, they eventually grow to accept them. When a challenge is necessary, the individual fulfills it; however, is this still true for unnecessary challenges? Do people still buckle down and face them? From my experience, it depends on the task and its reward. One such task is learning cursive writing; some believe it is necessary and has vast rewards, while others believe it is useless and a relic of the past. It seems everybody is on one side or the other, but which side has better arguments?
Btec Business Level 3 Unit 2 Wd2
Operating systems – so that the PC is able to function with internet protocols and the ISP service.
Communication In The 1800s
Throughout time transportation, communication, industry and animal agriculture, woman’s role in society, utopian communities, white manhood suffrage, women 's rights and various compromises were revolutionized. These revolutions majorly took place during the 19th century and affected the country for the better. Inventions such as the cotton gin, telephone and typewriter and people such as Andrew Jackson, Dorothea Dix, Lucretia Mott, Elizabeth Stanton and many others lived through the 1800’s and greatly influenced the way we live today.
Word Processor Of The Gods Analysis
Stephen King’s thrilling short story “Word Processor of the Gods” focuses on how technology can affect someone’s sanity. When given the chance to change their life, people take advantage of that and abuse it. Technology has taken over our lives and it could take our sanity if we let it. Some people are strong, but others are weak because they are full of envy. The dynamic character Richard was one of the weak ones because he was envious of his brother Roger.
Should Ipads Be Allowed In Schools
iPad. Schools could also consider getting rid of old computer labs, which could save electricity and space. The rooms that were once used for the computer labs, can now be used for new classrooms. The iPad can also help kids interact with others and it can make learning more fun for those who normally do not enjoy school. The iPad gives students the chance to be creative and reach their full potential in their education. "The iPads were most effective in prompting their most disconnected students to interact in the classroom and have fun while learning"(Savenije). The iPad gives the student the incentive to want to learn in a fun and new way that intrigues them. Not only does the iPad make learning more interesting, it can also help students
Essay On Word Sense Disambiguation
In chapter 1, the main concept of text summarization and word sense disambiguation is introduced. Before starting Text summarization, first we, need to know that what a summary is. A summary can be defined as a non redundant text which gives important information of the original text, and is extracted from one or more sentences. We can say text summarization is the unique way, where a computer summarizes a text. A text is entered into the computer and a summarized text is returned as an output, which is a non redundant form of the original text. As the limit of Web pages on the Internet doubles everyday. It takes lots of time to get the relevant information. Automatic Text Summarization will find a way for users to find the relevant, redundant-less
More about The Advantages And Benefits Of Word Processing
- Personal computer
A 500-word essay averages two double-spaced pages. The length of a document depends on the paper and margin sizes as well as the general text formatting.
An essay containing 200 words is limited in length, requiring between three and five paragraphs depending on the sentence structure and vocabulary used. An essay is a short piece of writing about a particular topic.
Both typewriters and word processors create texts with characteristics of print (as opposed to handwriting). They also share some mechanics for doing so, such as a similar keyboard with “return” and “enter” keys, shift keys, a space bar and...
Free Essays from 123 Help Me | The Word Processor The purpose of this assignment is to explore the many ways in which “cyberculture” has changed the way we.
A word processor enables the user to create a document, store it electronically on a USB or on a computer, display it on a screen, modify or format it by
Technology allows our communities to move and think faster. Reflective of our society, the Internet and related software have
Word Processor and Document Essay · 1, B1. · 2, B1. · 3, B1. · 4, B2.
"Word processor" Essays and Research Papers ; 9 Pages · Word processor ; 2 Pages · Word processor Microsoft Word Typography ; 3 Pages · Microsoft Word Microsoft
The document is the combination of letters, sentence, symbol, graphs, chart and pictures. If we, creates such type of document using computer
Word processors have allowed me to write at ease and improve on my critical thinking and writing. Before embracing word processors, writing
In terms of how word processor experience interacts with writing quality, we found that word processors use neither improved nor worsen the quality of essays
The two studies described here compare essays composed on word processors to those composed with pen and paper for a standardized writing assessment.
Word processors causes unwanted modifications while spellchecking some errors leading to some misspelt words or confused words (Noel 106). In relation that
We tend to know automatically that a word processor is an electronic device often found built into our computer systems or that we can use it to write