Primary Health Care Essay examples

Essay about health care and correct medication.

The Medicines Act 1968:- The Medicines Act controls the manufacture and supply of medicines for human and veterinary use. The act defines three categories of the supply of drugs; Prescription only medicines, Pharmacy Medicine, and General sales list medicines the act controls

Level 3 Health & Social Care Diploma(Adults) Essay examples

How do you show this person that you are listening to them, and ensure their communication needs are met?

Essay on Health and Its Determinants: A Case Study

Health is dynamic and determined by the determinants of health that have factors that can both benefit and hinder our overall health (Liamputtong, Fanany, & Verrinder, 2012, p. 9). The primary health care (PHC) principles accessibility, inter-sectorial collaboration, appropriate technology, emphasis on health promotion and public participation helps all individuals at different social standings based on income levels and geographical location determined by the social determinants of health to access PHC and make an equitable health care system (McMurray & Clendon, 2011, pp. 36-44; Liamputtong, Fanany, & Verrinder, 2012, pp. 13-14).

Advanced Practice Nursing Essay examples

The need for continuing education in nursing has been accentuated in response to rapidly changing health care environment. Expanding knowledge by pursuing higher education allows nurses to enlarge one’s practice. Furthermore, higher education in nursing has been shown that a nurse’s level of education can become a critical factor to the patient-centered quality of care. This essay describes increased demand for higher education in nursing and emphasizes the necessity of continuing education to provide optimum patient care in various setting.

Health and Human Services Essay

Social Work is growing now a day due because of poverty, which is why there is a big

Nhs Application Essay Examples

Obviously, humans are enabled genetically to inherit a collection of traits from our parents such as hair color, hand dominance, eye color, et cetera. We are also able to obtain more significant attributes like the unfailing love of Mexican food, the compelling desire to pet every pup that trots by, and the exceptional need to make everyone’s day a little bit brighter. Fortunately for me, I have also acquired a much stronger bedrock of character: the respect of honor, courage, and commitment and a passion for leaving a positive impact on everyone I meet by valuing their needs before my own.

Nhs Essay Examples

I am deeply honored to be recognized as an eligible candidate for the National Honors Society. After learning about the National Honor Society, and what the organization represented, I knew it was something I wanted to participate in. This organization works hard to better educational opportunities for students across the nation, and that is something I would like to play a part in to further the outstanding reputation of the NHS. I believe that this is an opportunity I deserve due to my recognizable hard work. I am aware that the NHS is known for recognizing students with outstanding grades and commendable characteristics, which is something I believe I have obtained throughout my years of hard work.

Nhs Reform Essay examples

The Secretary of State for Health, Andrew Lansley, has set out the government’s plans to reform the NHS in England. The plans, documented in a new white paper entitled ‘Equity and Excellence: Liberating the NHS’, state that more power will be given to patients and professionals in the design and delivery of health and social care. This briefing outlines a summary of the key reforms. Please note, some terms which require further clarification are explained in a glossary at the end of this document. The white paper focuses on four key areas: 1. 2. 3. 4. Putting patients and the public first Improving healthcare outcomes Autonomy, accountability and democratic

Health Information Exchange Essay example

A Health Information Exchange, or HIE, is technology that enables the electronic movement of health-related information among health care providers and others. HIEs are an

Family Centered Health Promotion Essay examples

Definition of Health Promotion is increasing awareness, indentifying alternatives and influencing attitudes of the people, so that they can make an informed decision and change their behaviors to achieve an optimal level of mental, physical and social health. Health promotion is also defined as the process of empowering people to improve and take control of their health to optimize the quality of their lives. Ennis et al (2006) has explained health promotion as emotional, cognitive and behavioral endeavor to promote well being and health of the people. Davis (1995) expresses a deeper perspective in which preventive health science, social environment,

Core Public Health Case Summary

The objective of the core public health is to educate, and prevent disease within communities. In this particular case, the public health nurses can use an inoculation program to prevent the new strain of influenza. The syndromic surveillance system is public health data would use to determine the need for this program. The syndromic surveillance system is a computer system that is used to control all information sources that concerns public health, and early detection of the infectious CDC) disease (McGonigle, 2014, Pg.302). The Public health data can be found at the center for disease control In order for this program to be successful, we need to collect data from ambulance log sheets, school or work absenteeism, prescriptions filled, retail

Home Health Journal Essay examples

Home health care has become an increasingly acceptable and popular form of health care provided to patients for acute, chronic, and terminal illnesses. Home health continues to rise in demand for a variety of reasons. Home health is a cost effective method of providing patients with the care that they require (Phipps, Monahan, Sands, Marek, & Neighbors, 2003, p.154). Patients can receive needed care without the added cost of a hospital stay or an extended hospital stay. This helps to lower the cost for hospitals, insurance companies, public assistance, and the patient. Other added benefits to patients receiving home health care are a decrease in nosocomial (hospital acquired) infections, improved nutritional status, personalization of

Partners Healthcare Case Aanlysis Essay examples

Partners Healthcare had established several financial resources pools, such as the short-term pool (STP) and the LTP, so that they can satisfy different needs of the several hospitals in the network. In more detail, the STP was invested with very high-quality, short-term fixed-income financial instruments. The average maturity of these instruments is about one to two years. STP is always treated as the risk-free part of the hospitals’ holdings. On the other hand, the LTP is thought as the risky part of holdings. It consists of different forms of equity and a smaller fixed-income part.

Patient Education Essay

According to Healthy People 2012 there are more then 800,000 new cases of diabetes each year, with the numbers on the rise. With this in mind, Healthy People 2012 has identified diabetes as their number five focus area. In order to reach their goal of improving the quality of life for people with diabetes they have identified diabetes teaching as their number one objective. Furthermore, in order to reduce the number of complications of diabetes, Healthy People 2012 has identified foot ulcers as their ninth objective. Through patient education Healthy People 2012 hopes to reduce the number of foot ulcers in people with diabetes, as diabetes is the number one cause of nontraumatic amputations in the United States. In order to

What Are The Central Goals Of Epidemiology

As the principal science of community health practice, epidemiology plays a major role in community/population nursing practice (Nies & McEwen, 2015). Without the relevant data on the variables that describe disease patterns and etiology, it would be difficult for the community health nurses to appropriately carry out the health promotion and disease prevention interventions in the community. As cited by Nies and McEwen (2015) “The central goals of epidemiology are describing the disease patterns, identifying the etiological factors in disease prevention measures” (p. 78). One chief task of the epidemiologists is to present in numbers, the data that were collected, which a community health nurse would then use to “assess health problem,

Related Topics

Primary Health Care Essay

essay on primary health care

Primary Health Care

Primary healthcare is the healthcare provision process carried on every day with the intention of maintaining and restoring the aspired health status in community. For most people in the world, primary healthcare is usually the first contact there have with health facilities and professions. It is also the most frequent means of healthcare provision that they are exposed to. Therefore, primary healthcare can be defined as the most available healthcare facilities in the community. The aim of primary healthcare is to make routes to healthcare accessible to everyone and especially ordinary citizens of a nation. Ordinary people involve those of low and middle incomes. Theses group of people cannot afford to go for more specialized healthcares or…

Primary Health Care Principles

Primary health care principles aims at promoting health equities, social justice and person-centred approach to care (Gargioni and Raviglione, 2009). The social determinants of health are circumstances that where people born, live, grow, age and work had an impact on their life expectancy and health outcomes (Gupta, 2004).This is reflected in Mrs Samira Azizi, a 56 year old with an Afghan cultural background living in the community that require a nursing care, particularly post-operative…

Public Health Vs Primary Care

the public health and that of the primary care often understood to be two entities, which provides complimentary services within the care sector. Their purpose is to address health matters that are very common in communities. However, public health deals with prevention of diseases, promote a healthy life- style by prolonging life. This is achievable through activities encompassing all organized effort, which will protect, promote and improve the health of the individual in a certain group or…

Primary Care Mental Health Issues

The result of the growing population with mental health issues is the dependency on primary care to meet the needs of the people. However, primary care faces criticism as a result of its inadequacy to efficiently diagnose and treat mental ailments. Psychiatry is the recommended health profession in the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders. The shift of treatment of mental illnesses from psychiatry to primary care poses a risk to the mental health status of the population. Problems such as…

The Cause And Effects Of Postpartum Depression (PPD)

Postpartum depression (PPD) is defined as a mood disorder and a serious mental health concern that affects many women immediately or shortly after the birth of a child (NIMH, 2016). There is no single event or cause that brings on the effects of this depression. The mother has no influence over the introduction of this condition. With every woman having a different chemical structure, symptoms may appear or present differently. It affects 10-15% of new mothers but many of them remain…

UNE COM Case Study

contact you have had with UNE COM students, alumni, faculty or clinicians, admissions counselors, student affairs staff, etc. How did these interactions influence your decision to apply? As a student athlete, there have been numerous experiences where I have faced an entirely new roster of teammates. In certain instances, this has caused a lack of fluidity and success. As a future medical student, I tend to view campuses in terms of a new team. While learning more about University of New…

Anxiety Disorders Case Study Sample

depressed and nondepressed patient participants, all of whom are diagnosed with anxiety disorders (other than specific phobia or public speaking phobia). N patients (%) are diagnosed with comorbid major depression. Of the N couples, there are N male patients (%) and N female patients (%). Participants were recruited from the general community and various local therapy centers in the area. They were screened for anxiety disorders using the Anxiety Disorders Interview Schedule for DSM-IV (ADIS;…

Bio-Ecological Theory: Sacrifice To The Family

film is 1970s. Back to that time, the wife was typically responsible for taking care of the family, while it was less common to see the husband be the primary caregiver of the child. Ted was influenced by the social expectations of the sex roles at the beginning. Therefore, at the beginning of the film, he took Joanna’s sacrifice to…

Indigenous Health Care System

faced by the modern health professionals in understanding the complexities of providing culturally competent Aboriginal health, physiotherapy and rehabilitation care within the Australian primary health care system. Non-Indigenous health care professionals cannot truly understand the true complexity of the past impacts of colonialism, the political process and the community’s prejudice effects on the Indigenous health status. This report intends to inspire health care professionals to understand…

Critical Review Example

subject when discussing the subject. Primary sources are used in the study, to support the actual events and finding. The study’s framework was more of a practical framework. The study was not informed by previous theories to develop the current theory, however, it is an accumulation of practice knowledge from previous research finding, “Researchers have also reported that stigma related to the above conditions negatively affects patient disclosure on the severity of symptoms” (Abrahamson,…

Related Topics:

Popular Topics:

Ready To Get Started?

Home — Essay Samples — Nursing & Health — Universal Health Care — Primary Health Care

essay on primary health care

Primary Health Care

Remember! This is just a sample.

You can get your custom paper by one of our expert writers.

121 writers online

Primary Health Care Essay

Remember: This is just a sample from a fellow student.

Related Essays

Therapeutic communication is a technique used to support the well-being of patients, emotionally, and physically (NCCHC, 2011). This communication allows us as nurses to not only support our patients but to keep them informed [...]

The political division in our country is at an all-time high; one of the issues creating the lack of unity is our current healthcare policy. Most conservatives argue that healthcare should not be free for all whereas many [...]

Mental health, as described by World Health Organization (WHO, 2014), is a state of sound mind in which a person knows his or her capabilities, ability to handle stress in day to day basis, able to work effectively and relate to [...]

There is no better gift you can give yourself than living a healthier lifestyle, Health they say is Wealth. In this hectic paced world that we live in ,it is so easy to neglect your health through so much involvement in other [...]

Health care Industry security deals with three main principles securing patient’s data, making patient’s data available and integrity of patient’s data. Health data has viable information like patient’s security number, credit [...]

The healthcare sector substantially has developed over the years thanks to the convenience brought by the current technologies advancements. Nevertheless, there are still many difficulties that the industry has to deal with, [...]

Prehistoric Medicine: The "art of healing" began thousands of years ago with the innovations of the primitive man trying to provide relief to those close to him, in sickness and suffering, motivated by feelings of sympathy [...]

Sandy, a 93 year old man, was admitted to the ward for rehabilitation due to reduced mobility following a fall at home. He has a medical history of vascular dementia, bladder cancer and chronic kidney disease. According to a [...]

Many people have very bad ideas regarding nursing homes. We all have heard of how bad the elderly are treated in these places, even though it is not true for all retirement homes; but this is what we normally hear. More than 75% [...]

Find Free Essays

We provide you with original essay samples, perfect formatting and styling

Cite this Essay

To export a reference to this article please select a referencing style below:

Related Topics

By clicking “Send”, you agree to our Terms of service and Privacy statement . We will occasionally send you account related emails.

Where do you want us to send this sample?

By clicking “Continue”, you agree to our terms of service and privacy policy.

Be careful. This essay is not unique

This essay was donated by a student and is likely to have been used and submitted before

Download this Sample

Free samples may contain mistakes and not unique parts

Sorry, we could not paraphrase this essay. Our professional writers can rewrite it and get you a unique paper.

Please check your inbox.

We can write you a custom essay that will follow your exact instructions and meet the deadlines. Let's fix your grades together!


Are you interested in getting a customized paper?

We use cookies to personalyze your web-site experience. By continuing we’ll assume you board with our cookie policy .

We can help you get a better grade and deliver your task on time!

essay on primary health care

essay on primary health care

The Importance Of Primary Care

Introduction Primary care can be described as the foundation and pillar of health care. It is the ideal entry point of the health care system, and arguably an area of great influence on an individual’s lifetime experience with health care services. Studies show that patients who utilize primary care have a decreased risk of illness and death (Starfield, Shi & Macinko, 2005). Promoting the role and facilitation of primary care through health policy is a worthwhile endeavor, not just in direct improvement of human health, but also in terms of the financial, social, and environmental aspects related to health care. What is Primary Care? According to the John Hopkins School of Public Health, health policy center, primary care is defined as: “the level of a health services system that provides entry into the system for all new needs and problems, provides person-focused (not disease-oriented) care over time, provides care for all but very uncommon or unusual conditions, and coordinates or integrates care, regardless of where the care is delivered and who provides it. It is the means by which the two main goals of a health services system, optimization and equity of health status, are approached” ("What is primary," 2014). Primary care positively influences the health care system by focusing on preventative medicine first and then, if needed, curative medicine, either by treatment of basic health issues, or the referral to an appropriate specialist. Primary care seeks to promote healthy habits including good nutrition, exercise, proper vaccination against a number of diseases, and avoidance of detrimental activities such as tobacco use, excessive alcohol consumption, and unsafe sexual practices. Primary care also aims to identify ris... ... middle of paper ... ...les and co-payments for approved preventive services and tests that will help Medicare and Medicaid beneficiaries detect disease early, while at a more treatable stage. In addition, reform will make preventive services more accessible for seniors by covering an annual wellness visit that provides a personalized prevention plan for each beneficiary, with no co-payment, coinsurance, or deductible” (Davis, Abrams & Stremekis, 2011). A Beneficial Investment Primary care is arguably the most important area of health services due to its far reaching and powerful impact on the rest of the health care model. What happens (or does not happen) at the primary care level has a great deal of influence on the rest of the system. By prioritizing and emphasizing all aspects of primary care through health policy both in the private and public arenas, all parties stand to benefit.

In this essay, the author

Related Topics

We use cookies to enhance our website for you. Proceed if you agree to this policy or learn more about it.

Essay On Primary Health Care

Type of paper: Essay

Topic: Sociology , Health , Workplace , Medicine , Marketing , Food , Pharmacy , Nursing

Words: 2000

Published: 11/13/2019



Primary health care refers to the medical care that a patient receives on the very first interaction with any system that provides health care. This medical care is provided by a nurse, a doctor or anybody with ideal medical practice. Nurses working in primary health care have general medical training or have been trained to do general work in any doctor‘s room. Other than having a certificate of medical practice such nurses would also require a certificate in basic life support. This paper examines the roles of various service providers in Primary Health Care and further illustrates their general contribution to the overall service delivery in PHC.

The Role of a Nurse in Primary Health Care

The nurse in PHC is held with the responsibility of helping the doctor on various outpatient services. Other related medical roles of a nurse in primary health care include provision of patient care. This is done through activities such as reading vital signs and noting vital symptoms prior to examination by a physician (Worth, 2001, 257-266). A nurse in PHC can also assist patients on telephone by scheduling their appointments or referring them for related emergency services. Such nurses may also oversee the roles of non medical staff within their areas of work. These services may extend to provision of answers related to patient bills and insurance. With the increase in patient numbers and needs, the roles of nurses in PHC may subsequently increase.

Additional roles of a nurse in PHC include liaising with various insurance companies in order to ensure absolute cover of the patient’s medical costs. Other roles may entail the preparation of patient’s prescription. This can also entail working with pharmacists to ensure that the patient’s prescriptions are prepared in good time. Nurses in PHC may also be required to provide both emotional and physical support to the patient. It’s also upon these nurses to help in the elaboration of instructions and prescriptions (Worth, 2001, 257-266).

The Role of a Doctor in Primary Health Care and How they Relate to the General Work in Primary Health Care A doctor’s visit in primary health care is very vital. This is regardless of the fact that sometimes very little time is spent in PHC. This is an aspect that undermines the development of any meaningful relationships among such doctors and the staff in the PHC. The doctors’ main role is to see patients that have been booked for examination by nurses (Sommers, Martem, Barbaccia &Randolph, 2000). Other roles include teaching the staff in PHC, team work development and enhancing communication. The roles of a doctor in PHC are highly impaired by the limited time available on the schedule of the visits. Their roles are also undermined by improper patient scheduling and the lack of appropriate facilities in the clinics to meet the patients’ diagnostic and general medical care. Their role in assisting primary health care nurses is also impaired by improper referral criteria. Improvement of service provision in PHC would highly be determined by proper scheduling of doctor’s visits and clear communication. Service provision in PHC can also be highly improved with ideal training of nurses by doctors on the same (Sommers, Martem, Barbaccia & Randolph, 2000).

Patients also highly benefit from doctor’s services in PHC. Among them is reduction of travelling costs. Visiting doctors help to cut down the costs that the patients would have incurred in looking for the doctors. Patients also benefit from the comprehensive care they receive on such visits. This also entails resolving undifferentiated problems. Sometimes the clinic does benefit from visiting doctors especially if they bring along their all equipments. Doctors can also benefit the clinic by bringing additional drugs (Sommers, Martem, Barbaccia &Randolph, 2000). Doctors can also help in diagnosis of disease conditions that are difficult. To the hospital, the doctors’ role in PHC helps in reduction of the number of referrals which subsequently help in reducing congestion of patients in hospitals.

How Doctors may Negatively Impact on the Role of Nurses in Primary Health Care

Sometimes visiting doctors would have a tendency of blaming the nurses especially with regard to how they do their work. This is highly related to how they schedule patients and refer them to the doctor. This reduces the nurse’s motivation since some doctors may openly indicate that the nurses do not really know their work which is undermining. Some doctors may also undermine nurses in front of their patients (Cohen, Colantonio & Vernich, 2002, 184-188).The service provision in PHC may also be affected if the patient is tossed around between the nurse and the doctor. This is common if the doctors do not have time to see the patients (Sommers, Martem, Barbaccia &Randolph, 2000).Other doctors may have a tendency of giving a negative feedback about the work done by the nurses. Service provision can also be impaired by the doctors’ lack of understanding of the rules of the clinic. These negative aspects highly demoralizes the nurse and negatively impacts on general service delivery.

The Roles of a Physiotherapist in Primary Health Care and their Impact on General Service Provision in PHC

With regard to general service provision, physiotherapists reduce the work load for other service providers in patient care. This is because patients can be discharged early and subsequently referred to physiotherapists. Their role in preventive health care is also an added advantage to both individuals and other service providers (Glendenning, 2003, 139-151). This is offered through their knowledge on exercises and the entire musculoskeletal system. Various lifestyle diseases can best be managed through change of lifestyles. Such advice can best be offered by physiotherapists unlike other service providers that may never have time to sit and talk with the patients (Carson, Dunbar Chenall & Baile, 2007).Their roles extend to post operative care where they offer advice on exercise and general mobility. Physiotherapists greatly relieve other service providers in PHC by offering services that these service providers especially nurses and doctors may not have time to do (Glendenning, 2003, 139-151).

The Roles of a Pharmacist in Primary Health Care

The primary role of a Pharmacist is centered on dispensing drugs. This basically points to the management of medication in the entire medical care. Among the roles in primary health care include; jointly working with physicians in order to effectively manage the medication needs of patients. To patients, pharmacists provide advice on cost effective medication. To other service providers especially nurses and doctors, pharmacists provide information on the compliance of patients to medication (Cohen, Colantonio & Vernich, 2002, 184-188). Some pharmacists may extend their services in PHC to visiting patients in their homes to provide more information on medication. This may also entail provision of advice to patients previously treated on the use of injectable medication at home. Pharmacists may also provide care directly to small ailments. A vital role of pharmacists in PHC is monitoring the expected side effects of medication administered to patients. For the nurse and the doctors in PHC, the pharmacist offers vital assistance by advising patients on how to take their medication and what to possibly do in the event of a complication. This greatly relieves the other service providers (Taylor, Boyd &Krueger, 2003, 1123-1129).

The Role of Social Workers in PHC and their General Contribution to Service Provision in Primary Health Care

Social workers offer coordinated communication that is essential in general patient care. In primary health care, social workers closely liaise with the patients and their families in order to provide all the relevant information needed to make proper connections (Banyard & Hampshaw, 2002, 24-25).They also help patients and members of the community to identify ideal medical links and connections of importance such as educational facilities and other social amenities. Their role extends further to the provision of counseling services on a variety of related problems. They also offer support to individuals and their families during distress as a result of the disease condition. With regard to helping other service providers in PHC, social workers coordinate transition points in social amenities (Banyard & Hampshaw, 2002, 24-25). These services include relocation of patients, and placement. Their role in support of general service provision in PHC is thus extended to advocacy to community and home care services, provision of counseling, referrals to alternative community health care services and consultation with the rest of the service providers in PHC (Globerman, White & McDonald, 2002, 274-283).This basically relieves the other service providers especially the nurse off additional responsibilities.

The Role of Indigenous Social Workers in Primary Health Care and their Contribution to General Service Provision in PHC

The indigenous health worker plays a vital role in Primary health Care. This is offered through partnering with non indigenous service providers especially the nurse in order to foster complementary skills (Glagow& Yates, 2004, 327-659). This is more felt through enhancing communication skills by acting as interpreters. This is geared at decreasing cultural differences. Such workers also increase educational opportunities to the community members and also provide cultural mentorship. The services provided by indigenous health workers foster both emotional and social support that is required for the healing process of the patient. These workers highly help in general service provision especially with regard to preventive medication where they offer health education to the members of the community in the native language (Tsuyuki, Johnson &Teo, 2002, 1149-1155). This is an aspect that can greatly relieve the nurse if she or he cannot speak the native language.

The provision of ideal services in primary health care is highly fostered by the roles played by the various service providers. The nurse in primary health care is held with a number of responsibilities ranging from initial examination to patient care and referral. The roles of other service providers including doctors, physiotherapists and social workers are jointly coordinated in a way that each individual service provider is of help to the other. The general service provision in primary health care is thus a combination of the roles played by various service providers. How each of the roles is played determines the type of service provided in general.

Banyard, J & Hampshaw, D, Primary Care. Social Skills. Health Service Journal, 112 (5820), 2002: 24-25. Carson, B, Dunbar, T, Chenall, R & Baile, D, 2007, Social determinants of Indigenous health Allen and Unwin Sydney Australia. Cohen, C, Colantonio, A & Vernich, L, Positive Aspects of Care giving: Rounding out the Caregiver experience. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 17, 2, 2002: 184-188. Glagow P, &Yates B. Proactive Asthma Care in Childhood; General practice Based Randomized Controlled Trial. British Medical Journal, 2004: 327, 659. Glenndinning, C., “Breaking down barriers: Integrating Health and Care Services for Older People in England”, Health Policy 65 (2003) 139-151. Globerman, J, White, J. & McDonald, G. Social Work in Restructuring Hospitals: Program Management Five Years Later. Health and Social Work 27(4): (2002):274-283. Sommers, L., Marten, K., Barbaccia, J., Randolph, J, “Physician, Nurse, and Social Worker Collaboration in Primary Care for Chronically Ill Seniors”, Archives of Internal Medicine.2000; 160(12): 1825-33. Taylor T, Byrd C & Krueger K. Improving primary care in Rural Alabama with a pharmacy initiative. AJHP 2003 60 (11):1123-1129. Tsuyuki, T, Johnson, J & Teo, K et al. A randomized trial of the effect of community pharmacist intervention on cholesterol risk management. Arch Intern Med 2002; 162: 1149-1155. Worth, A., Assessment of the Needs of Older People by District Nurses and Social Workers: A changing Culture? Journal of Interprofessional Care, 2001. 15 (3): 257-266.

Cite this page

Share with friends using:

Removal Request

Removal Request

Finished papers: 1961

This paper is created by writer with

ID 267646385

If you want your paper to be:

Well-researched, fact-checked, and accurate

Original, fresh, based on current data

Eloquently written and immaculately formatted

275 words = 1 page double-spaced

submit your paper

Can't find a free sample that matches your requirements?

Subscribe to WowEssays Premium and get access to over 1 MILLION high-quality downloadable samples


Related Essays

Essay on technology is making communication easier, good research paper on the united states constitution, good research paper on principles of economics, good research proposal on p(g,s,r)= p(g/s,r)p(s/r)p(r), good research paper on which search strategy to use in which circumstance, good research paper on swot analysis, good research paper on so the play's the thing the words or the performers, good research paper on social contacts for old people, good research proposal about network design proposal, good research proposal on purpose:, good research paper on schizophrenia, good research proposal about tesco plc research proposal, good research proposal about the truth behind mermaids, good research paper on understanding medicare, good research proposal about ideology and religion in the life of a samurai, good research paper on supply and demand, good research paper on sociology, good research proposal about wabi sabi the japanese art, good research paper on strategy exploration, good research paper on quality control and management – importance and perspectives, good research proposal on leadership conundrum, good research paper on using vaccines to prevent diseases; should parents opt out for their off springs.

Password recovery email has been sent to [email protected]

Use your new password to log in

You are not register!

Short on a deadline?

Don't waste time. Get help with 11% off using code - GETWOWED

No, thanks! I'm fine with missing my deadline

Academic Support for Nursing Students

No notifications.

Disclaimer: This essay has been written by a student and not our expert nursing writers. View professional sample essays here.

View full disclaimer

Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this essay are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of This essay should not be treated as an authoritative source of information when forming medical opinions as information may be inaccurate or out-of-date.

Primary Health Care and Nursing

Info: 1385 words (6 pages) Nursing Essay Published: 11th Feb 2020

Reference this


If you need assistance with writing your nursing essay, our professional nursing essay writing service is here to help!

Understanding Health and Wellness

Interdisciplinary and intersectoral collaboration.

Our nursing and healthcare experts are ready and waiting to assist with any writing project you may have, from simple essay plans, through to full nursing dissertations.

Relationship of Primary Health Care Concept to Health and Wellness

Cite this work.

To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below:

Related Services

Female student working on a laptop

Male student reading book

Female student reading and using laptop to study

DMCA / Removal Request

If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on the website then please:

Our academic writing and marking services can help you!

Related Lectures

Study for free with our range of nursing lectures!

Illustration of a nurse writing a report

Write for Us

Do you have a 2:1 degree or higher in nursing or healthcare?

Study Resources

Free resources to assist you with your nursing studies!

Search Support Articles

*You can also browse our support articles here >

Primary Health Care: Issues and Challenges


Primary health care as a concept gained popularity following the 1978 International Conference on Primary Health Care jointly held by WHO and UNICEF at Alma-Ata (World Health Organization, N.d; Bryant, 2002). Although different definitions have been adopted by different people, it is the WHO’s definition that has reclaimed global acceptance which also has been used in numerous literatures. According to UNSW Research Centre for Primary Health Care (2010), World Health Organization (WHO), defined primary health care (PHC) in 1978 during the Alma-Ata declaration as one that seeks to extend the first level of the health system from sick care to the development of health, “protect and promote the health of defined communities and to address individual problems and populate health at an early stage.”

At the conference, PHC was adopted to describe the following components: “education about common health problems and what can be done to prevent and control them; maternal and child health care, including family planning; promotion of proper nutrition; immunization against major infectious diseases; an adequate supply of safe water; basic sanitation; prevention and control of locally endemic diseases; and appropriate treatment for common diseases and injuries” (Martens, 2010, p.1). Since it was adopted PHC has put more emphasis on prevention rather than cure. As the author stress, “it relies on home self-help, community participation, and technology that the people find acceptable, appropriate and affordable where also it combines modern, scientific knowledge and feasible health technology with acceptable, effective traditional healing practices” (Martens, 2010,p.1). Primary health care (PHC) plays a big and vital role in health care systems in many countries of the world (Gunn and Masellis, 2008, p.21).

PHC provides families with cost-effective services that in many cases are located close to home, thereby eliminating costly trips to specialists and hospitals. However, in most cases the coverage and effectiveness of primary care services are limited by insufficient resources and staff, erratic drug supplies and faulty equipment. On a larger scale, the functioning of primary health care has been affected by economic, socio-cultural and political aspects existing in a nation, which have direct influence on the society’s health and social environments. Therefore, this essay will investigate the above factors in accordance to the Declaration of Alma-Ata, assess, and explain the fundamental principles of Primary Health Care, the conditions that resulted into the Declaration of Alma-Ata and the possible reasons for the demise of the PHC movement. Information for the above questions will largely depend on literature review of case studies and journal analysis.

Primary Health Care: philosophy, strategy, or service?

Primary health care is believed to constitute three elements as the WHO definition of the concept may be adopted. First, PHC represents “a philosophical approach to health and health care characterized by a holistic understanding of health as wellbeing, rather than the absence of disease” (Rogers and Veale, 2000, p.11; National Primary Health Care Partnership, N.d). In this perspective, in order to experience good health, various aspects that affect human life must be taken care of, as well as ensuring that the needs of the community are addressed. Hence, “the locus of control is important in PHC; health services should reflect local needs and involve communities and individuals at all levels of planning and provision of services” (Rogers and Veale, 2000, p.11). Moreover, services and technology need to be at low cost that majority can afford after accepting them. Equity is another aspect that in great measure characterizes PHC where health services need to endeavor to address imbalance and prioritize services to the most disadvantaged.

PHC manifests a second element, which is strategic where PHC is seen to involve a set of strategies that are designed purposefully at creating health care, which is in line with the original philosophy. The “strategies include needs based planning of decentralized health services, offering management to local communities” (Rogers and Veale, 2000, p.11), and in this case, it is important to offer training to the communities in order to enhance health awareness, a program that can become successful through collective participation. To this extent, primary health care services require balance between health promotion, preventive care and illness treatment and this can be achieved through use of a team selected from various disciplines such as medical, nursing health, community work, population health, health promotion workers and educators. Therefore, primary health strategies can be summarized to include needs-based planning, decentralized management, education, intersectoral coordination and cooperation, balance between health promotion, prevention and treatment; and multi-disciplinary health workers (Rogers and Veale, 2000, p.11).

PHC also provides services within the first level of health care, thus must be strategically established in areas which are within the reach of the society. At the same time, geographical and financial obstacles, which are most likely to be present may be counteracted through ensuring that the services are easily accessible by all, both in terms of logistics and affordable rates.

On further note, PHC services should be administered through active involvement of diverse stakeholders and should include all the relevant health care services as required by the society. In summary, primary care services constitute the following characteristics: locally based, affordable and accessible, well-integrated, health care teams, health promotion, disease prevention, illness treatment and rehabilitation services (Rogers and Veale, 2000, p.12).

Socio-economic conditions that influence primary health care

Inequality experienced both in social and economic spheres have been described as harmful to the health of any society. “The effects become more harmful especially when the society appears to be diverse, multicultural, overpopulated, and undergoing fast but unequal economic growth” (Deogankar, 2004). Deogankar further notes that there exists unchallenged association between social equality, social integration, and health; and that the impact of social and economic inequality on health is great. Poverty, which is the product of social and economic inequality in society creates a lot of negative effects to health of any given population since almost all indicators of health are in one way or the other influenced by the standards of living in any particular given region (Deogankar 2004).

Amin, Shah and Becker (2010), analyzing the socioeconomic factors and how they influence accessibility to maternal and child health care services in Bangladesh, noted that various factors were responsible for the inadequacy been experienced in using maternal and child health services in most rural areas of developing nations. The factors identified included “the availability, accessibility, and quality of services as well as the characteristics of the users and communities in which the users live” (Amin, Shah and Becker, 2010). Further, these factors could be visible in instances such as distance to health services, cost of services, technical qualifications of health professionals, socioeconomic situation of the people and also the women’s’ independence in household decision making processes (Amin, Shah and Becker, 2010).

Carrying a similar study in Nigeria on the major obstacles to accessing primary health care services, Katung (2001) found out that out of 357 women interviewed, high cost of drugs which constituted 29 per cent, service charges at 19per cent, easy accessible to traditional medicine practitioners at 39per cent and problems in getting transport to a healthy facility at 30per cent. Showing how health and economy are related, Ruger, Jamison and Bloom (2001) observe that health and health care systems interrelate with the economy in many ways. For instance, their findings shows that access to higher incomes by population enables the population to experience health benefits as they are able to purchase food, have adequate sanitation, housing and education and also have incentives for fertility limitation (Ruger, Jamison and Bloom, 2001, p.2).

Central features and principles of Primary Health Care

There are five identified basic principles of PHC, which include the following.

Primary Health Care Movement (PHC)

Context in which the phc movement began.

Prior to 1978 conference there were numerous evidences that the health status of poor people was deteriorating especially those living in rural villages. As such there was an urgent need to reallocate adequate health related expenditure that could be used in providing the necessary, low-cost health services to the poor people in world. Therefore, Declaration of Alma-Ata was adopted after it became evident that there was gross inequality in the health status of the people, more so considering that the gap between the developed and developing nations keeps on widening; however, efforts are necessary to bridge this gap especially in political, social and economic environments. The conviction of the participants was that, ”comprehensive approach whereby primary health care was seen as the key to achieving an acceptable level of health throughout the world in the foreseeable future as a part of social development and I the spirit of social justice” (Anon N.d). At the same time, health of individuals was seen to be a fundamental human right and any effort to achieve the right health was to be the most important world-wide social goal and in realizing it there was need for collaboration of key sectors of economy, social together with the health sector.

Implementation and its demise

During the Alma-Ata conference, access to basic health services was affirmed as key fundamental human right that was not supposed to be denied to any individual. But when evaluation of the Declaration is done today, it is a bitter reality that almost more than 30 years later, many people in developing countries still do not have equitable access to basic health services (Hall and Taylor, 2002, p.1); and in other places, the gap is even widening at an alarming rate. PHC has not realized its goals for a number of reasons that range from the fact that key promoters in first world countries denied to accept the involvement of communities in first-hand decision-making process in health care programs. Also, changes in economic ideology resulted into the replacement of PHC by ‘Health Sector Reforms’ that were largely designed based on forces of the market and the economic benefits of better health (Hall and Taylor 2002, p.1). Further Hall and Taylor (2002) note that as soon as the Alma-Ata conference was over, PHC was under attack whereby “Politicians and aid experts from developed countries could not accept the core PHC principle that communities in developing countries would have responsibility for planning and implementing their own healthcare services.”

According to Stephen Gillam, the PHC failed in its initial stages of formation when early efforts at primary health care expansion I the late 1970s were overtaken in mot parts of the developing world by major factors that included economic crisis, sharp reductions in public spending, political instability and emerging disease (Gillam 2007, p.1). Further, the author observes that the social and political goals of Alma-Ata spurred early ideological opposition hence were never fully accepted in market-oriented, capitalist nations. Moreover, in many health systems, a medical model of primary care dominated by professional stakes resisted attempts to expand community-level health workers with poorer training. “Selective primary health care and packages of low cost interventions such as GOBI-FF(growth monitoring, oral rehydration, breast feeding, immunization, female education, family spacing, food supplements) in some way distorted the spirit of Alma Ata” (Gillam 2007, p.1).

Other factors identified to have hastened the demise of PHC include failure in most nations to provide even limited packages, together with explosion of vertical initiatives to tackle the particular world health problems contributed to death of PHC; geographical and financial inaccessibility. In addition, limited resources, erratic drug supply, and faulty equipment have influenced many countries’ PHC services to be largely limited in their availability, accessibility and even impact (Gillam 2007, p.1).

According to Lawn et al (2008), the major setbacks to the Alma-Ata declaration came from the Cold War politics, which stifled the Alma-Ata momentum. On the same measure during that period the global development policy was largely dominated by neoliberal macroeconomic and social policies, for instances the developing countries had to accept the harsh reality of the structural adjustments programs (SAPs) which resulted to reduction in budget deficits through devaluations of the local currency and cuts to public spending in the sectors of health, education and transport. These policies affected the performance of health systems in negative ways such as inadequate supply, chronic under funding of key public health infrastructure, reductions in the number and quality of health personnel and the worsening access to health care for the poor. These situations denoted negatively to the Alma-Ata goals (Lawn et al. 2008, p.4).

The declaration of Alma Ata helped to entrench the thought of providing health care as being a sign of enhancing human right, with its goals being to reduce health inequalities especially for the poor people since concerns have been that people affected by poverty are disadvantaged as they live in deplorable conditions. In addition, their economic status cannot allow them to enjoy the benefits of the basic services on offer. Various factors have acted as barrier to the attainment of key goals of the declaration but as the recent trends indicate primary health care goals will be achieved in future if key stakeholders come together and pursue common goals. For instance, what is evident today is the fact that governments, donors, and even private organizations are in a positive way talking about working together and major health agencies who in the past have acted in competition are now grouped together in a new outfit known as Health 8 and from this cooperation and coordination is seen to be increasing. Moreover, funding is gradually increasing and is shifting from selective global funds towards health system strengthening through sector-wide approaches. Therefore, as a result of recent numerous programs and policies, there is wide hope that health care will reach many of the poorest families and this will be achieved more easily by revitalizing the principles of Alma-Ata.

Reference List

Anon. N.d. Declaration of Alma-Ata . Web.

Amin, R., Shah, N. M. and Becker, S., 2010. Socioeconomic factors differentiating maternal and child health-seeking behavior in rural Bangladesh: A cross-sectional analysis . Internal Journal for Equity in Health . Web.

Bryant, J. H., 2002. Alma-Ata Declaration. Encyclopedia of Public Health. Web.

Community Health Nursing. 2010. Principles of Primary Health Care . Web.

Deogaonkar, M., 2004. Socio-economic inequality and its effect on healthcare delivery in India: Inequality and Healthcare. Electronic Journal of Sociology . Web.

Gillam, S., 2007. The declaration of Alma Ata: still relevant after all these years? Institute of Public Health, Cambridge. Web.

Gunn, W. A. and Masellis, M., 2008. The Declaration of Alma-Ata on Primary Health: International Conference on Primary Health Care . Web.

Hall, J. J. and Taylor, R., 2002. Health for all beyond 2000: the demise of the Alma-Ata Declaration and primary health care in developing countries . Web.

Katung, P. Y., 2001. Socio-economic factors responsible for poor utilization of the primary health care services in a rural community in Nigeria. National Center for Biotechnology Information, USA . Web.

Lawn, J. et al. 2008. Alma-Ata 30 years on: revolutionary, relevant and time to revitalize . Web.

Marafa, B. F., N.d. Primary Health Care (PHC). Web.

Martens, E. G., 2010. Primary Health Care and Empowerment of Women. An Information Resource of the Bahai International Community . Web.

National Primary Health Care Partnership. N.d. Declaration of the Alma-Ata. Web.

Rogers, W. and Veale, B., 2000. Primary Health Care and General Practice . National Information Service, Flinders University. Web.

Ruger, J., Jamison, D. T. and Bloom, D. E., 2001. Health and the Economy . (Attached notes).

Student Nurses Community. 2009. Primary Health Care Definition, Goal, Principles and Strategies. Web.

World Health Organization. N.d. WHO called to return to the Declaration of Alma-Ata . Web.

Cite this paper

StudyCorgi. (2022, February 19). Primary Health Care: Issues and Challenges. Retrieved from

StudyCorgi. (2022, February 19). Primary Health Care: Issues and Challenges.

"Primary Health Care: Issues and Challenges." StudyCorgi , 19 Feb. 2022,

1. StudyCorgi . "Primary Health Care: Issues and Challenges." February 19, 2022.


StudyCorgi . "Primary Health Care: Issues and Challenges." February 19, 2022.

StudyCorgi . 2022. "Primary Health Care: Issues and Challenges." February 19, 2022.

StudyCorgi . (2022) 'Primary Health Care: Issues and Challenges'. 19 February.

This paper was written and submitted to our database by a student to assist your with your own studies. You are free to use it to write your own assignment, however you must reference it properly.

If you are the original creator of this paper and no longer wish to have it published on StudyCorgi, request the removal .


essay on primary health care

Primary Care Approach In Health Care

Analyze two main characteristics of the us healthcare system.

According to Merriam-Webster dictionary, health care is defined as maintaining and restoration of health by the treatment and prevention of disease especially by trained and licensed professionals (as in medicine, dentistry, clinical psychology, and public health)

Healthcare Disparities In Health

Disparities in health are an inequality that occurs in the provision of healthcare and its accessibility across different dimensions including location, gender, ethnicity, age, disability status, citizenship status and socioeconomic group (Ubri & Artiga, 2016; Wallerstein & Durran, 2006). According to the health Resources and Service Administration of United States, health disparities are defined by population specific differences in the presence of disease, health outcomes and the accessibility to healthcare. Urbi and Artiga (2016) indicates that disparities in healthcare provision not only bring impacts to the group facing disparities, but also limit overall improvements in quality of care and population health as well as resulting

Health Inequality

The solidity of the health equality shall be implemented by several parties. This includes not only government, political figures or policy makers but also community that play important role as a public health specialist, social activist, and researcher. The key to maintain the health equality can be done by continuously improving the population health and eliminate differences in socioeconomic status, geography, race, and other factors. (1) Health inequality occurs when there is a dissimilarity in distribution of health acquirement between individual or groups that brings considerable drain to their lives. The consequences will be most likely to be severe in people who are less advantageous, experiencing less conducive living condition, poverty-stricken

Free Health Care Persuasive Speech

Health care services is the most importance thing that we need because it is not only for improve the health but also through individual behaviour and lifestyle choices such as quitting smoking, eating the nutritious food and living a healthy lifestyles.

Universal Health Care Pros And Cons

Different people may criticize adoption of the system but their points have weak foundations. From different perspectives, such arguments tend to support the inefficiency that is persistent in most healthcare facilities. Application of the systems is seen to take of everyone’s welfare while improving the economy of the country. Moreover, success in other developed countries shows that the system is not difficult to apply. The government also needs to consider issues such as viewing of healthcare access by individuals as a right. Through it, the system will be easier to be applied in our society and will enhance general improvement of the citizens and the

Examples Of Injustice In Health Care

There is a common phenomenon in the China that many people treated with inequality and injustice in health care. As as Martin Luther King, Jr.’s saying goes “Of all the forms of inequality, injustice in health care is the most shocking and inhumane”. From my point of view, i firmly agree with this point in that each individual has equal right to enjoy the suitable health care. It is intolerable for the whole society to make the health care injustice as a seriously public health problem. In this essay, some facts about the injustice will be given. Also, the solutions to deal with these problems will be provided so that this public health problem will be resolved in the future.

Social Determinants Of Health Essay

Primary care is said to be the “first point of contact” for people when accessing the health care system in Ireland (Department of health and children 2001). The World health organisation(1978) outline that one of the main roles of primary health care is to provide access to care for the most vulnerable but also to identify and rectify the factors which lead to their early mortality. The Alma Ata declaration (1978) was a huge milestone in the development of primary care and they explain how essential it is for all populations’ health. Unfortunately the vulnerable populations in Ireland suffer the effects of the social determinates and also the health inequalities and die younger because they put up with a healthcare system which “places lesser value on the lives of those with lesser means” (Wren 2002). This is why primary health care is of uttermost importance, the nurse in the community must try to help prevent, educate and overcome these inequalities and provide the highest standards of health for all, which is not based on want but need.

Family Nurse Practitioner Case Study

The shortage of primary care physicians has been a problem in health care system and will continue to the next decade due to increasing of aging population. According to National Governors Association (NAG) (2012), the growth of the aging population combined with the initiative of the Affordable Care Act, the problem of primary care providers shortage is worsening. Nurse Practitioners (NPs) are educated and prepared to perform primary care services as physicians do. More importantly, studies showed that NPs’ role as primary care providers achieve equal or higher patient satisfaction rates (Evangelista et al., 2011, Albers-Heitner et al., 2013). These studies illustrates that NPs can play a key role in providing services to health care market.

Health Crisis In Texas

There is a health crisis going on in this country. The health crisis or public health crisis is a problematic situation that affects human areas that are very closely connected or linked together. This can range from a particular locality to encompass the entire Earth. Health crises generally have significant impacts on community health, loss of life, and on the economy. They may result from disease, industrial processes or poor policy. The cause of the crisis in Texas is the problem with obesity, a problem that ever more increasing.

Primary Care Scenarios

I picked scenario one, just graduated from college and is beginning a job in a new city. The two things that I would do in order to begin my search is, first thing I would do is ask my co-workers, what medical physician they go to and recommends. The reason is, due to the fact that they will be able to give an honest and non-bias opinion. The second thing I would do is contact my insurance company and ask them what physician in my area accepts my insurance and pay them a visit because it will help me in budgeting wisely.

The Healthcare Reform Movement

The current healthcare reform movement is calling for health institutions to evaluate and redesign the historical approach to healthcare in order to reduce costs and improve outcomes for the population. Unfortunately, “the health sector itself has little or no direct control over most of the underlying conditions required for health” (Braveman & Gruskin, 2003, p. 541). These underlying conditions can best be described as the social determinants of health (SDH) defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as “the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work [and] age,”. The Ottawa Charter (1986) further defined the prerequisites for health a bit more clearly as peace, shelter, education, food, income, a stable eco-system, sustainable

Hi Olayink A Case Study

I like that you mentioned that “prevention is better than cure”. Recent statistics reveal that too many people in this country do not have access to preventative health care required to remain healthy and avoid or delay the onset of diseases. A healthy life style helps us to leave a healthy life, reduce the cost of health care, as well as helping to prevent chronic diseases such as heart disease, diabetes and cancer. The key to success for wellness and prevention programs is to make the resources for achieving a healthy lifestyle affordable and accessible to the general population. (Rose, M. 2014).

Cultural Competency In Health

Multiethnic health in Australian health care systems manifest the fundamental values of multiculturalism work inside the framework of health care, with certifying that the training of health professional has a strong and specific emphasis on building cultural competence and effectiveness, that is, the ability to work competently and effectively in a culturally diverse workplace and in encounters with people from different cultural backgrounds to ensure the delivery of best level of healthcare.( Australian Government. The people of Australia. Australia’s Multicultural Policy; 2011.) Cultural competence, (National Health and Medical Research Council. Cultural Competency in health: a guide for policy, partnerships and participation. Canberra:

Health Disparities Analysis

Societal health and health problems are the resultants of the interplay of various complex factors, each of which has enormous influence on the creation of a healthy society. However, if I had to choose one of Healthy People’s overarching goals, it would be the need for the society to focus on health equity and the elimination of health disparities. Undoubtedly, the analysis of the disparities in various societies usually translates into the analysis of the social, economic and physical aspects of these communities. Race or ethnicity, sex, sexual identity, age, disability, socioeconomic status, and geographic location all contribute to an individual’s ability to achieve good health (Disparity, 2016).

Essay On Right To Health

Health and its wellbeing is considered as one of the important asset of Human life. Health is one of the basic requirements of human beings. In the present time our country is facing degradation of health. As WHO defines, Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease. Health is the most important factor in national development. Through this definition World Health Organization has helped to move health thinking beyond a limited, medicine and pathology based perspective to the more positive domain of well -being. The right to health is one of the basic rights of human beings. Right to health is a vital right without which no one can exercise one’s basic human rights. In the Indian society right to health is an issue of fundamental importance. The responsibility of protecting and fulfilling the right to health not only lays with medical profession but also with governments public functionaries. The term health has an inter-relationship with aspects such as the provision of a clean living environment, protection against hazardous working conditions, education about disease prevention and social security

More about Primary Care Approach In Health Care

Related topics.


  1. A Brief Guide Of Primary Care Physician

    essay on primary health care

  2. Health Essays

    essay on primary health care

  3. Health care Essay Example

    essay on primary health care

  4. Personal Health Care Essay

    essay on primary health care

  5. 👍 Health care essay. Research Paper on Healthcare. 2019-01-26

    essay on primary health care

  6. Primary Health Care and childhood obesity Essay

    essay on primary health care


  1. Om essay I Ceragem Health Care Centre. nervous system dry therapy


  3. Primary health Care , definition, concept, principles , elements

  4. Liberal Arrogance

  5. Primary Health Care / Definition / Bsc nursing First year Nursing Foundation / Aparichito Foundation

  6. Why Investing in Your Health Can Change Your Life


  1. Primary Health Care Essay examples

    Part A Primary health care evolves from the economic, cultural, social, and political conditions of a country, and it is described as an essential part of

  2. Primary Health Care Essay

    It is also the most frequent means of healthcare provision that they are exposed to. Therefore, primary healthcare can be defined as the most available

  3. Primary Health Care: [Essay Example], 1489 words GradesFixer

    Primary health care is important in any community and it consists of many principles – three of the most important ones being affordable

  4. The Importance Of Primary Care

    explanatory essay. The Declaration of Alma Ata (1978) defines primary care as the first level of contact of patients with the healthcare system.

  5. Essay On Primary Health Care

    Primary health care refers to the medical care that a patient receives on the very first interaction with any system that provides health care.

  6. Primary health care

    The basic principles of the SUS are decentralisation and social participation. The Atenção Primária à Saúde (APS; Primary Health Care) is understood as a

  7. Primary Health Care Essay

    primary care essay, very good mark on it running head: primary health care primary health care essay university of regina cnur 102 primary health care

  8. Primary Health Care and Nursing

    One of the main objectives of primary health care is to make health services accessible and available to all. The World Health

  9. Primary Health Care: Issues and Challenges

    According to UNSW Research Centre for Primary Health Care (2010), World Health Organization (WHO), defined primary health care (PHC) in 1978

  10. Primary Care Approach In Health Care

    The main focus of this essay will be written about the obstacles or other word the challenges to implementing primary healthcare, what can be done in order to