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Health in human beings includes physical, social and psychological well being or fitness. Changing weather patterns, for instance, extreme events affects human health directly or indirectly through changes in air, food quality and quantity, ecosystem agriculture, livelihood and infrastructure. Research on effects of climate change Confalonieri et al provided evidence climate change has; altered distribution of some infectious disease vectors altered the seasonal distribution of allergenic pollen species and increases heat wave-related deaths (2007).

Seriousness of the effects of climate change is further manifested by increase in malnutrition and consequence disorders, including disorders related to child growth and development, increase in death, diseases, and body injury from heat waves, storms, fires and drought.

As climate change, some infectious disease vector has change too; this has made them more resistant to traditional drugs.

The change has also lend to mixed effects on malaria, in some places, the geographical range has contracted while in other places the range has expand and still in others the transmission season has changed.

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Transmission of water borne diseases like typhoid and cholera increases. The research has also proved an increase in cardio respiratory morbidity and mortality associated with ground level ozone.

Non –communicable diseases, such as heart disease diabetes stroke and cancer are estimated to contribute about half of the global burden of all disease at all ages. Despite this, communicable diseases affecting human health are a great threat to public health in many parts of the world. According to the report, almost two million deaths a year are feared to result from diarrheal diseases and other communicable diseases and other conditions that are attributed to unsafe drinking water and lack of basic sanitation.

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Malaria, a disease whose geographical rage is affected by climate causes an estimated one million deaths annually especially in young children. Mal-nutrition and drought leading to adverse negative effects on human health, is greatly attributed to climate change. In the report, it is estimated that an increase in frequency or intensity of heat waves will increase the risk of mortality and morbidity, especially in old age group and the urban poor.

An increase in climate extremes, for instance storm, floods and drought would cause more deaths injuries, population displacement and adverse effects on food production, fresh water availability and an increase in the risk of infectious disease particularly in low income countries. Considering the current trends of emissions to continue, more harm will be done to the environment; air quality will worsen, ozone and other particulate pollutants will increase, increasing mortality and morbidity amongst human beings.

From the report, a clear relationship between climate and human health is described, but in it is common knowledge that disease have been here as long as man has existed. It is therefore important to consider and see climate change as a catalyst and not necessary the cause of ill health in human beings. Despite this, more understanding of the extent, rate, limiting forces and major drivers of adaptation of human population to a changing climate is needed. This will reduce the impacts of climate change on human health.

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Human Health

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Environment and Human Health Essay | Essay on Environment and Human Health

June 3, 2020 by Prasanna

Environment and Human Health Essay: Environment comprises of some major elements and a thousand minuscule elements that contribute to nature in some or other way. Environment goes far beyond the normal perception of nature and there are many facts which are yet unknown about it. We have presented long and short essay samples to provide a proper idea about the environment and how it affects human health in various ways. Along with this, we will also provide ten pointers on the theme that will work as guidance for framing the essay.

You can read more  Essay Writing  about articles, events, people, sports, technology many more.

Long and Short Essays on Environment and Human Health Essay

We are providing a long essay of 400-500 words and a short essay of 100 to 200 words on Environment and human health essay

Long Essay on Environment and Human Health 500 words in English

Environment and Human Health Essay will be helpful for students in classes 7, 8, 9, and 10.

For some people environment generally means nature. The environment is the surroundings in which a living being takes birth and evolves according to changes that happen from time to time. It is said that the environmental challenges, changes, and makes human beings adapt to the state of the environment they live in. Thus, Environment visibly affects the humans living on it in many direct or indirect ways.

The life on earth is interconnected in a way that proves that whatever we give in to the earth never simply disappears. Contaminants reach the humans in the form of the food they eat, the air they inhale, and the water that they drink. In some or the other way, everything is connected. The most vulnerable to the harm of the environment are the children and the old age people as their immunity is in question for many reasons. The Food that we eat is not free of pesticides or chemicals as well.

When the food is produced many chemicals are used for ensuring the proper growth of food and due to this, the modern additions damage the quality of the soil of the farmland. Moreover, they also degrade the quality of pollinators that help the food grow naturally. They can cause many diseases like cancer and antibiotic resistance in the people who eat them.

Maintaining the quality of water is important as well because only 2.5% of the total water on earth is drinkable. No matter how many clean water safety acts we put out, sometimes it will always slip through. Many plants rooted in water safety are under threat. We have made rivers and oceans into our dumping areas which at last dents a hole in our hygiene only.

Air pollution is not any less dangerous to humans. It is already seen that outdoor air pollution is attracted to more than 1 million deaths and countless illnesses each year. The toxins transmitted from motor vehicles and industrial emissions dangerously impact human health as they contain pollutants like mercury and Sulphur dioxide. Illnesses like lung cancer, heart diseases, and asthma are results of unhealthy levels of pollution around the world. Rising global temperatures also play an active part in this.

Indoor air can be dangerous as well as they also have chemicals present due to different reasons. Governments have tried to give solutions in the form of agreements and acts to commence a “greener approach” in industries and businesses. However, governments are unable to maintain biodiversity as the world continues to lose species. Thus, Challenges keep on coming along with new improvements that are decided to give way to a healthier earth.

What we can do to solve this? Each person would have to take individual responsibility in this mission. You can reduce your exposure to toxic environments by taking organic food and getting your water tested for metals or chemicals. The earth can do its part of healing you but the best way to deal with it is to take precautionary measures by avoiding a toxic lifestyle, both mentally and physically.

Short Essay on Environment and Human Health Essay 200 words in English

Environment and Human Health Essay is useful for students in classes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6.

The Environment consists of many facets, both known and unknown. The same is the case with the humans that reside on it. The environment causes many hazards that are harmful to humans in a long-lasting way. They are all caused in the form of the food they eat, the air they inhale, and the water that they drink. All organisms depend on necessities like food water and air to survive. But when these necessities turn out to be polluted to a dangerous extent, there is a huge problem.

The microscopic pollutants in the air can easily slip through our defenses and cause endangering respiratory diseases. Water pollution is the main problem and our body immediately reacts to it. The diseases caused by water cause deaths of 3,575,000 deaths per year globally! Food pollution is no less dangerous as they can cause hormonal or metabolic problems to us and can trigger many forms of diseases. Thus, Earth does let us live on it, but it is solely our responsibility to keep it and ourselves healthy and in the best condition.

10 Lines on Environment and Human Health Essay in English

FAQ’s on Environment and Human Health Essay

Question 1. Which are the organizations that work for human health at a global level?

Answer: United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), World Wide Fund for Nature, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), World Meteorological Organization, Greenpeace, Earth Day, and Green Panther are some of the organizations aiding in human health.

Question 2. Which health hazard causes the most deaths globally?

Answer: Air pollution causes the most amount of deaths according to the UN.

Question 3. Which tests are used to understand the water quality?

Answer: Tests like temperature testing, salinity testing, Ph testing, and many more are used to determine water quality.

Question 4. What does environmental health science mean?

Answer: Environmental health science is the study of processes of the environment and how they affect life on earth.


Environment and Human Health Essay

Life on this planet is interconnected. Nothing is isolated and everything has an impact on everything else. With concerns about climate change looming and becoming more immediate, we need to understand how our environment and health are connected.

Long and Short Essay on Environment and Human Health in English

Below you will find some essays on environment and human health that can help you in your examinations, assignments. Select any environment and human health essay you need from the ones given below.

Short Essay on Environment and Human Health – Essay 1 (200 words)


Human health is defined as the state of well-being with regards to the mental, physical and social aspects of the human condition. A person cannot be called healthy merely because of the absence of disease; he or she needs to be doing well in all ways to actually qualify as healthy.

Many factors play a role in determining our health – biological, nutritional, psychological and chemical. These factors can be influenced by internal and external conditions. Externally, the biggest factor that influences our health is our environment.

Environment and Human Health

Our environment isn’t merely the air we breathe, although that is a major component; it ranges from the water we drink to the soil we grow our food in to the sounds and noises in our surroundings. Each part affects us and thereby our health. With emissions from vehicles, factories and fires, our air supply is full of toxic chemicals that present the risk of lung cancer, heart disease and asthma. The food we eat is covered in pesticides that make soil less fertile and can be carcinogenic for us. The human body needs water to survive but our water sources are full of human and industrial wastes that create serious health issues.

We need to remember that we have to live in synergy with our environment. What we put out in it will come back to us. Unless we do something now, the earth will very soon no longer be a habitable planet.

Essay on Health and Environment – Essay 2 (300 words)

Human tendency has always been to subjugate our surroundings. We take pleasure in conquering and reshaping our environment as though it is beneath us and we are supreme. However, the simple truth is that humans are as dependent upon the environment as any other animals on the planet for our continued well-being. Therefore, if we harm our environment, we harm ourselves.

Health and Environment

Our physical, mental and social well-being is dependent upon our surroundings. What we put into the ecosystem is eventually cycled back to us. The pollutants we discard into this ecosystem find their way back through the air we breathe, the food we consume and the water we drink. Since we discard these pollutants because they are harmful to us, it follows that when we inadvertently consume them afterwards, they will still have harmful effects on our health.

Problems with this have been going on for quite some time. We use pesticides on our food crops because the chemicals kill the pests that could destroy the crops. However, those pesticides remain on the food when we consume them causing health problems ranging from skin problems to cancer. The pesticides also reduce the fertility of the soil ensuring that the next crop isn’t as bountiful.

Similarly, we discard human and industrial waste into whatever water body is conveniently close. But we also use the same water bodies for drinking water. Water pollution leads to diseases such as diarrhoea, dysentery, lead poisoning, polio and arsenicosis amongst others. The air is also polluted by all the gaseous emissions our activities release. Ranging from smoke from fires to emissions from vehicles and industries, these pollutants cause respiratory disorders such as asthma and bronchitis and can even result in lung cancer.

Environmental scientists have been raising the alarm for some time, but things are very critical now. Our unchecked activities have had adverse effects on the ecosystem and some of that damage is now irreversible. If we do not step up to the plate, we will render the earth uninhabitable very soon.

Essay on Environment Affects Humans Health – Essay 3 (400 words)

As per the definition by WHO, “human health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease and infirmity”. This well-being does not happen in isolation; it is affected by internal as well as external factors. Internal factors include issues inside the human body such as immune deficiencies, hormonal imbalances and genetic or congenital disorders.

External factors generally include three types of health hazards: physical hazards such as ultraviolet and radioactive radiations, noise pollution, carbon monoxide and CFCs; chemical hazards such as industrial effluents, heavy metals, pesticides and fossil fuel combustion; and biological hazards such as parasites, bacteria and viruses.

This clearly means that our health is, to a great extent, dependent upon our environment and the environmental factors that affect human health are mostly created by humans. What we release into our eco-system eventually finds its way back to us.

How Environment Affects Human Health

Since we are completely dependent on the environment to survive, it is safe to say that any changes to the environment will impact human well-being. However, the actual relationship between these two is more complex than we believed and isn’t always easy to assess. The most obvious impacts that we have seen are from deteriorating water quality, air pollution and unsanitary conditions. Radiation poisoning too has deadly consequences for human health.

The response to these issues has been an overall attempt to clean up our ecosystem. While that has worked for some countries, mostly in the developed world, it hasn’t been applied thoroughly in the developing countries of the world. Bilateral and multilateral agreements between countries have managed to address some of the more immediate concerns such as the emission of CFCs into the atmosphere and the damage done to the ozone layer by them.

The corporate world is also trying to lessen its carbon footprint and turning to ‘green’ solutions. However, there are many concerns that have yet to be addressed and are spiralling out of control such as biodiversity; on an average, one species dies out every day. In addition, it is becoming increasingly difficult to maintain a proper supply of food so that the world doesn’t starve.

We are simply too well-woven into our surroundings to be immune to the effects of any changes in those surroundings. The problem is that because the relationship between health and environment is complex, we aren’t motivated to make major changes; we’re waiting for irrefutable evidence. By the time we do get it, it might be too late.

Essay on Healthy Environment Healthy Life – Essay 4 (500 words)

We are aware of the complex strands that bind us to our environment. We have already started noticing the difference in our health and how it is related to what we do to our environment. However, a point to consider is that if a bad environment can cause harm to human health, a good environment can actually nurture it.

Unhealthy Environment Unhealthy Life

A report jointly published by the United Nations Environment Programme, the WHO, the Montreal Protocol on substances that deplete the ozone layer, the Convention on Biological Diversity and the Stockholm, Rotterdam and Basel conventions states that in the year 2012 alone, approximately 12.6 million people lost their lives due to conditions brought on by environmental pollution. UNEP also estimates that environmental degradation is behind 25 percent of all human diseases.

Environmental Pollution Impact

While environmental pollution may have an impact on everyone, research has shown that there are certain demographics that are more vulnerable to its effects – the young, the poor, women, the migrant workers and the elderly. In addition, diseases such as Ebola, Zika and SARS are emerging every few months and spreading because of overpopulation, too much livestock and the resultant environmental impact.

In order to stop the spread of these diseases, healthy ecosystems are essential. While tackling these diseases, such ecosystems can also bring about economic development, reduction of poverty, fewer risks to human well-being and the security of knowing that resources will not run out.

Mental Health

Increasingly, studies conducted on mental health are relating good mental health with exposure to nature. These studies have linked reduction of the symptoms of anxiety and depression and lowered stress levels to the presence of green space close by. In fact, people who moved to urban areas that are greener were seen to have improved mental health.

Water Contamination Impact

This is another example of environmental pollution affecting those in the lower economic strata. In countries where the income levels are middle to low, unavailability of clean water is responsible for 58 percent of the diarrhoea cases. Contaminated water and poor hygiene and sanitation are responsible for the deaths of around 3.5 million people. They also cause the premature deaths of around 25 percent of children younger than 14 years of age.

Approach to Resolution

There are several areas of immediate concern, based on the connection between poor human health and environmental degradation. Some of them are:

Directly or indirectly, a healthy environment means healthy people. This is not to say that disease and malnutrition will be eliminated entirely but the incidences of these occurrences will reduce and millions of human lives will not be lost every year.

Long Essay on Impact of the Environment on Health – Essay 5 (600 words)

Human health or human well-being is affected by two main factors – individual traits or internal factors and ecological well-being or external factors. However, most of the time, when research is conducted on the human health condition, these two factors are investigated in isolation from each other. If one truly wants to answer the question – how does the environment affect individual health – one has to look at both factors in tandem. This becomes especially important now in light of climate change warnings and governmental indifference to them.

Impact of Environment on Health

The drawback with health related environmental studies or environment related health studies being conducted, especially those in the West, have narrowed their focus to concentrate on specific allergenic, infectious or toxic agents. They aren’t focusing on broader issues that cover psychological and social impacts too.

Some researchers agree that when studying human health it is important to take into account the impact of the environment of the people being studied. That impact can be seen in the fact that health inequalities exist as per the geography. In fact, health is impacted by the social and physical environment.

Additional research has also shown that there is a direct relationship between people’s mental health and the prevalence of green spaces; the more proximity to the green space, the better the mental health.

Socio-economic Differences in Environmental Impact

That the environment and human health are intertwined cannot be denied. However, that relationship works out differently in different places. In other words, depending upon where you are in the world, the immediate health concerns and the environmental factors affecting those concerns can be varied.

Developing countries tend to focus more on issues such as infant mortality, malnutrition and infectious diseases. The immediate environmental concerns in these countries are sanitation, hygiene, mining, ore processing, oil production and water quality. However, when one looks at developed nations, health concerns revolve around issues such as cancer, lung disease and heart disease. These countries have economies built around industries and those industries do not dispose off their hazardous wastes responsibly, thereby contaminating nearby water bodies and soil.

Considering these factors, it is no wonder that emphasis is placed more on the diseases than on the causes behind those diseases. The causes vary; the diseases may not necessarily do so.

Examples of Environmental Impact on Health Globally

Unfortunately, there isn’t any part of the globe that is free of environmental damage, not even the Polar Regions. If one goes looking, one will almost always find health concerns related to those environmental issues. It doesn’t help that countries such as China and India are developing very quickly. Their pace is such that environmental concerns aren’t being able to keep up with development.

Untreated human waste, industrial effluents, agricultural runoff and just plain old dumping are playing havoc with the ecology in both countries. Then there are the eastern European countries, many of which are former Soviet Union states. Over the past decades, hazardous waste such as heavy metals and nitrates were dumped without any plan or precaution. The result is badly contaminated ground water and surface water, not to mention the lowered quality of soil.

Some action is being taken finally where in such regions are being identified and efforts have been made to remediate, reclaim and restore the soil and surface water in such places; the effort comes too late, however, for the population that has already been exposed to these contaminants.

If one really wants to know what the environmental impact on health looks like, they need to stop looking at it in terms of discrete bubbles. They must study health disorders from an individual as well as an environmental perspective.

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Effects of Stress on Human Health Essay

Introduction, stress and health.

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Stress has an adverse effect on human health; it leads to numerous health complications if not effectively managed. When stressed, people risk suffering from stress-related complications. According to Ciccarelli & White, 2012, health can broadly be divided as physical health (free of diseases) and psychological health (being able to make sound decisions). When under stress, an individual’s decision making capacity is hampered making the person psychologically unhealthy (Ciccarelli & White, 2012). This paper discusses the relationship between stress and human health.

There are numerous theories and researches on stress and health, they all agree that stress has an adverse effect on human health; the statement goes “a stressed man is an unhealthy man”. Although human life cannot be free of stress, it becomes unmanaged stress which causes havoc to human body and mind . According to psychologists, human body is “wired’’ to communicate with the state of the mind; the communication is meant to protect threats against predators and other aggressors. The statements predators and other aggressors used to mean life threatening activities or actions which include meeting deadlines, fighting back, reacting to a certain situation, or making life challenging decisions. The challenge facing human kind is failing to understand the right way to manage stress; in most cases the activities they engage in lead to more stress (Ciccarelli & White, 2012). When someone is stressed for a long period, he or she exposes his body to uncontrolled brain cortisol and other stress managing hormones, which in turn can result in health complications like eczema, obesity, depression, digestive problems, sleeping challenges, and heart diseases. Human state of mind determines the kind of life decisions they make; in the event that someone is stressed, his or her mind will be hampered from making sound and reliable decision as their mind, soul, and body are not at peace with each other. Some day-to-day health feelings like fatigue, headaches, and boredom can be attributed to the state of the mind; state of the mind is unhealthy with stress. Stress affects human body, thoughts and feelings, when the above have been affected, then the behaviors and to some extent the personality of an affected person change. When unchecked, stress results in health complications like high blood pressure, heart disease, obesity and diabetes (Ciccarelli & White, 2012). According to Ciccarelli & White, 2012, the human body responds differently to stress; some people are likely to show fast heath deterioration when stressed while others are likely to have slowed health complications. What remain constant is that prolonged stress without proper management will have a negative effect on human health. Stressed people need to enroll in stress management classes/lessons where they can be trained on basic methods of preventing and managing stress. In the event that an individual is suffering from a certain ailment, and then happens to be stressed, the recovery rate of such an individual is low. There is much connection between the rate of recovery from health complication and stress that the patient has (Ciccarelli & White, 2012).

Stress is a common occurrence in human beings; well-managed stress is of benefit to human beings as it assists when making decisions. However when stress is not managed effectively, it has an adverse effect on human health. Some complications related with ineffective stress management include depression, heart diseases, and diabetes.

Ciccarelli, S. K., & White, J. N. (2012). Psychology. New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall.

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Effects Of Pollution on Human Health Essay

Effects Of Pollution on Human Health Essay has been written keeping in mind the understanding level of children. Every school-going student will be able to learn from this essay. It is written in simple English so anyone will understand it. This essay focuses on core pollution problems that are air, water, and land pollution.


Table of Contents

Introduction:   Effects of Pollution on Human Health Essay

The Earth’s population is growing, which leads to the demand for more food, energy, and water. Pollution is also an issue caused by  human populations  resulting in 54 percent of all deaths occurring because of pollution.

Pollution of the Earth can be called one of the most plaguing problems that we have to face. The problem with pollution is that once it is released into the environment, it is nearly impossible to get rid of. That is why it’s important to prevent pollution before it happens.

Every day, humans release over 40 million tons of  waste into our oceans  and other bodies of water. This waste comes from many sources such as pesticides, human and animal waste, and trash.

Pollution and Ecosystem:

Adverse Effect on Human Lifestyle: The pollution harms the ecosystem and the wildlife that lives around these waters. Even worse, the garbage and harmful chemicals do not easily go away and can influence our health and put us in danger.

Acid rain is a result of air pollution that comes from the  burning of fossil fuels , which results in high levels of acidic substances in our atmosphere. The negative effects of air pollution affect not only humans and animals but also the environment and the soil we use to grow our crops.

The percentage of forested areas around the world is declining every year; This also leads to the  loss of endangered species , among other things. Humans may be causing global warming by adding too many greenhouse gases into the Earth’s atmosphere. At this rate, our  forests will be torn down , biodiversity will be destroyed, and air quality will deteriorate with disastrous results.

Forests cover 31% of the Earth, yet humans continue to destroy forests every day. Acid rain not only causes trees to die but also causes pollution that spreads through the air and affects human health.

Air Pollution: Effects on Human Health


Made up of gases, the air is essential for survival on our planet. It’s the oxygen that keeps us breathing , not to mention that there are unseen gases that affect weather patterns. However, air quality affects everyone regardless of beliefs.

Air pollution may seem like one of those issues that don’t affect you, but it has already killed more than 3 million people each year (Air Pollution Statistics).

Air pollution is killing more people than HIV, malaria, and tuberculosis combined. While most think air pollution is just a big scary word scientists use to play with numbers, for the 3.3 million people who die each year because of air pollution, think about it from that perspective.

It might not seem harmful at first, but it is a significant influence on human health. A study by Harvard University proved that air pollution will have a direct impact on the population of Earth, causing an estimated 6.6 million deaths every year by 2050. The government must impose stricter laws to end this issue once and for all.

There are many side effects of air pollution, like nausea, headaches, and low birth weight. Air pollution has recently been shown to cause lung development problems in children; this can lead to early adulthood lung disease.

But air pollution isn’t just a problem for children. Young adults are also being affected. It is being shown to cause lung damage along with heart disease, strokes, and cancers which will hurt the country’s health.

Air pollution has  many different sources  like burning fossil fuels, chemical reactions in the atmosphere, dust, transport activities, etc. The effects of air pollutants are directly related to the amount or intensity of exposure. It can increase asthma attacks and other respiratory illnesses.

Water Pollution: Effects on Human Health

What is water pollution?  It’s when chemical waste is dumped into water bodies. It is harmful to humans and animals that use it for drinking, swimming, or any water-related activity.  Water pollution  is something we need to stop and take action against right now. The oceans and ponds we pollute will not clean themselves.

Factory plants releasing wastes and chemicals from pipes to river water

Though many of us took water for granted, waterborne diseases are responsible for more than 200 million cases of diarrheal diseases and about four million deaths each year. They  pose a serious threat  to young children, especially those who are less than 5 years old. Waterborne diseases are caused by water pollution, and that’s a serious issue.

Nearly 2.6 million people die each year of waterborne diseases caused by unsafe water, poor sanitation, or inadequate hygiene. They are things you’ve probably never heard of, passed on through contaminated water.

Unfortunately, waterborne diseases are a major problem in the developing world. While many of us take  access to clean drinking water  for granted, a billion people don’t have it, and nearly 1.1 million children will die from a waterborne illness this year.

There are many dangers from water pollution. The most severe is you or a loved one developing a severe stomach ache or an infection. More than 1.4 million people die each year from related diseases alone! This is comparable to a large plane crashing every hour of the day.

Land Pollution: Effects on Human Health

The negative effects of  land pollution  are not just limited to the Earth and animals. Humans can also experience negative consequences that can influence their quality of life and health. Some of the potential consequences include congenital disabilities, the development of asthma, skin diseases, and cancer.

land pollution effects on human health

People often overlook the impact of human activities on our lands. However, human activities can  cause soil pollution . These activities include deforestation, natural disasters like landslides and floods, construction and other developments like urbanization, dumping of garbage, and building of factories.

Recycling  is the act of returning materials to manufacture into other goods. Reducing solid waste pollution on land can be achieved by returning reusable materials such as cloth, plastic bags, and glass to reuse in your home rather than disposing of them in landfills. By recycling, you help  save natural resources .

Conclusion of Essay

There is enough evidence to suggest that pollution, whether it’s industrial or human in origin, is eventually harmful to our environment. The problem eventually harms us too, since we are all linked together.

Pollution shouldn’t be carried from generation to generation. It should stop now, and the only way this will happen is if we work hard as a species to ensure a  sustainable future for our planet  and species as a whole.

Most of us are either directly or indirectly responsible for causing this problem. We’ve all contributed to it in one way or another, for example, littering, employing machines that are not environment-friendly,  using plastic bags , etc. Instead of getting alarmed by this crisis, it is important to take steps in curbing pollution. Yes, everyone must work towards this goal together.

Let us join hands to take various small yet effective measures which will go a long way in making this world a better place to live in.

If you like this essay on the effects of pollution   on human health, share it with kids and students and help them achieve good marks in the exam or competitions.

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90+ Strong Health Essay Topics And How To Handle Them

Haiden Malecot

Table of Contents

essay on human health

You can write about healthy lifestyle, rehabilitation after traumas, childcare, common or rare diseases, global advances in health and medicine, environmental health issues, and more.

How to deal with essay on health?

Your essay will be the most impressive if you choose a topic that is familiar to you or you can write about something you have experience with. It will be easier for you to do a health essay paper and build a convincing argument. Another approach is choosing a topic which is not familiar to you but in which you are interested in. It would be a great opportunity for you to educate yourself.

If you pick an interesting essay topic idea which is too broad to cover in your essay, you should do additional keyword research and look for some specific aspects of this topic to narrow it.

Keep in mind that you should look for a narrow topic which has enough available resources that you can use for researching it.

Before you start writing, make sure you have found enough evidence and examples to support your argument. A good idea is to create a working outline or a mind map for your essay that will guide your writing and help you stay focused on your key points.

First, create a strong thesis statement and think about several main points to support it.

If you are looking for health topics to write about and are not sure what to write about, here we have gathered a lot of exciting ideas that you won’t find on any other essay writing websites.

Feel free to use them as inspiration own topic ideas or for writing your essays.

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Essay On Healthcare As A Human Right

Type of paper: Essay

Topic: Government , Services , Health , Taxes , Canada , World , Medicine , Poverty

Words: 1400

Published: 01/10/2020


In the past, I thought that healthcare was should be the responsibility of the individual without any interference from the state, although on reflection based on my own reading and personal experiences, I have changed my mind. It is clear to me now that all countries have a duty to their citizens to provide healthcare to those who cannot afford it, and that in poor countries like Haiti, the majority of people cannot really obtain healthcare and other basic necessities simply through their own efforts. I agree with Tracy Kidder that “clean water and health care and school and food and tin roofs and cement floors, all of these things should be considered a set of basics that people must have as a birthright” (Kidder 91). I also know of people who would have been in serious difficulties if they had been unable to afford health insurance. My grandmother had cancer, for example, and would never have been able to afford hospice care, radiation and chemotherapy treatments on her own, while even my brother who needed eyeglasses would have not been able to perform well academically if he had not been able to afford an eye exam. In addition, I believe that the industrialized nations have a moral duty to assist poorer countries, especially when their own pollution and industrial and nuclear waste are causing global warming as well as many health and environmental problems. Although the Industrial Revolution made human progress possible in this world, it also created many negative impacts in human health and the environment that must be addressed on the global level. Universal healthcare should be available to everyone in the world, and the best system would be a Canadian-style, single-payer form of national health insurance. From the readings I am aware that a Communist country like Cuba has created a system of socialized medicine that is far superior to most of those in poor countries, although it has been done at a considerable cost in human freedom. I agree that there is “no question but that Cuba had pulled off something difficult and, in the view from Haiti, enviable first-rate public health care, equitably distributed in spite of severely limited resources”, and that even though the system is a dictatorship that has also been true of Haiti and many other poor countries that have no decent public healthcare systems (Kidder 208). Nevertheless, I would prefer to obtain the same goal of universal healthcare within a democratic system wherever possible. Even in a rich and supposedly democratic country like the U.S., healthcare has still not become a universal right available to all citizens, and in fact the system in the United States is the most unjust and unequal in the Western world and the most expensive as well. Even worse, the injustice of the present system is borne most heavily by the poor, working class, and members of minority groups who lack health care coverage at work and cannot afford private insurance. North of the border, Canada has a far better model for health care and one that most U.S. reformers have demanded since the 1940s. Medicare has been a very popular public service in Canada since it was first passed in 1966, and provides universal health care paid for out of general tax revenue. In the U.S., Medicare covers only those over age 65, but it should be modified into a Medicare for all system. In Canada medical and hospital services are 100% publicly financed under Medicare and under the Canada Health Act, no private charges may be made for physician and hospital care provided through federal funds and in effect private health insurance has been completely removed from those areas (Tuohy 366). Drugs, dental care, nursing homes, long-term care are also publicly subsidized “to vary degrees and on different terms across provinces”, and although 72% of the population carried some form of private insurance for these services it accounts for only 10% of overall healthcare spending (Tuohy 367). This has increased from about 3% in 1971, but even so, in Canada the most important players in healthcare by far are the federal and provincial governments and medical and hospital associations, not private insurance. Few people in Canada would ever want a U.S.-type of system, which is well known to be inequitable to low-income groups. Insurance industry lobbyists with ties to U.S. corporations always strive to create a seemingly contentious debate over healthcare in Canada, by persistently attempting to make inroads in the publicly-funded system. At present, it is still against the law in Canada to offer private health insurance for any type of medical care provided by the public system (Wilson 118). Canada’s single-payer system not only guarantees universal access to all regardless of income, its costs per capita are lower than those in the U.S., which has never had universal access in its history. Indeed, up to 100,000 people in the U.S. die every year because they have no private insurance and cannot afford access to healthcare, which is simply morally unacceptable in a modern, Western society. Certainly nothing like this would be tolerated in Canada, which would do well to keep its present system in place instead of experimenting with American-style privatization schemes. A system of national health insurance and universal coverage is essential in the world today because modern healthcare is extremely expensive and unaffordable by most poor, working class and middle class persons unless the costs are covered by subsidies, insurance or government programs of some type. Nor does private health insurance provide broad and universal access to all parties on an equal basis. Costs for private insurance are actually highest for those with the lowest incomes and greatest health care needs, and indeed there is “a well-established inverse relationship between socioeconomic status and health status” (Hurley 236). Economists tend to value choice in health care and also advocate a system that provides for the greatest possible access, while ethicists state that access alone is not the most important factor but “access to or utilization of needed health care services” (Hurley 235). Low-income patients will be affected in an especially negative way, given their relative lack of education and access to information, and generally reduce their level of healthcare consumption below optimal levels in a private system (Hurley 237). Hurley finds that “parallel systems of private finance can drain resources from the public system, erode public support for the public system, lead to longer waiting times in the public sector, and make it harder to provide all members with timely access to high quality services” (Hurley 238). Putting a parallel private system in place is not a neutral add-on, but a danger to the viability of the public system and to the ethical goals of universal and equal access. Canada’s single payer system of national health insurance is far preferable to the American system based on private insurance, and this is the type of reform that is necessary in the U.S. to provide universal coverage. Even from an economic point of view, the U.S. spends more per capita on health care than any other Western nation, but has never in its history achieved universal coverage. In Massachusetts and other states that have passed laws requiring the purchase of private health insurance, which is also the core of Obama Care, those in the lower income brackets are supposed to receive government subsidies. In reality, the private insurance companies have been raising premiums on the grounds that they now have to cover the uninsured and those with preexisting conditions, and the individual mandate has meant a considerable boost for their bottom lines. In the U.S., the insurance industry, with its considerable influence in Congress, was also able to block even the semblance of a public option or competing government insurance plan. For the U.S. and the rest of the world where healthcare coverage is inadequate, the main goal should be to create a Canadian-style system of national health insurance wherever possible.


Hurley, J. “Ethics, Economics, and Public Financing of Health Care” Journal of Medical Ethics 27 (2001): 234–239. Kidder, Tracy. Mountains beyond Mountains: The Quest of Dr. Paul Farmer. NY: Random House, 2004. Tuohy, C.H. et al. “How Does Private Finance Affect Public Health Care Systems? Marshaling the Evidence from OECD Nations” Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law, 29.3 (June 2004): 359-93.

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Importance Of Good Health (Essay Sample)

The importance of good health.

Good health is crucial to everything we do in our everyday lives. The importance of good health can be clearly seen in how we function as human beings in the daily tasks that define our functionality in the society. Without good health, we are not able to reach our individual potentials and this can hinder us from achieving our personal goals in the social environment that we exist in.

True enough, defining good health moves beyond the physical sense; it also includes emotional and mental. Good health means the different aspects of well-being which are mold together. For one individual to function properly, he or she should be physically fit, as well as emotionally and mentally. Having one missing aspect in an individual’s health can have heavy implications for an individual.

In both home and work, health is also required in building social relationships. If we are unfit to build these connections, it can imply that we are depriving ourselves of social stimulation that can help in improving our outlook and disposition in everything we do. In most cases, it can be said that good health can be equated to an individual’s self-actualization. An individual who is actualized has a nurtured sense of disposition in the society which makes him or her energetic enough to be able to face different problems that may arise during the day.

At home, good health can be a collective concept for it is also crucial to the well-being of the good family. This means that healthy relationships are required in order for families to function as a single organ. Without health, relationships may fall apart and this can bring both short term and long term damages to how we perceive life.

In professional spaces, health is crucial in dealing with different workplace situations and conflicts. If one is unfit in any of the mentioned aspects above, this can heavily affect how an individual becomes productive in the workplace. Of course, good health can be equated to productivity in this context and without it, more conflicts may arise that may be very hard to deal with.

To achieve good health, we as individuals should know the proper steps in nurturing ourselves. We need to be able to take care of ourselves in order to also know how to take care of others around us. Knowing to take the right meals, eat healthy food, drink the proper amount of water and get the right hours of sleep are the basic things that we need to master. What comes after these are more self-conscious steps that can then nourish our mental health; this includes engaging in healthy discussions with other people as well as lively and productive conversations that nurture positivity instead of negativity. We must also know to surround ourselves with the right people so that we can continue living a live with less worry. Emotional health is also a crucial part in us, as individuals. This is heavily influenced by our social relationships as well as our perception of our own selves. The key in ensuring emotional health is to always gauge our feelings and knowing how to deal with it properly. If our own selves are not capable of ensuring all these, seeking our family, friends and even professionals for help is always an option. The worst thing that we can do is to deprive ourselves of good health. Good health is not a myth; it is something that we can rally achieve as long as we put our minds in it and as long as we remember how to properly value ourselves. All it takes is the right perception of our self-worth and some self-esteem.

essay on human health

Health is a fundamental human right

Human rights day 2017.

“The enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health is one of the fundamental rights of every human being without distinction of race, religion, political belief, economic or social condition”.

Almost 70 years after these words were adopted in the  Constitution of the World Health Organization , they are more powerful and relevant than ever.

Since day one, the right to health has been central to WHO’s identity and mandate. It is at the heart of my top priority: universal health coverage.

The right to health for all people means that everyone should have access to the health services they need, when and where they need them, without suffering financial hardship.

No one should get sick and die just because they are poor, or because they cannot access the health services they need.

Good health is also clearly determined by other basic human rights including access to safe drinking water and sanitation, nutritious foods, adequate housing, education and safe working conditions.

The right to health also means that everyone should be entitled to control their own health and body, including having access to sexual and reproductive information and services, free from violence and discrimination.

Everyone has the right to privacy and to be treated with respect and dignity. Nobody should be subjected to medical experimentation, forced medical examination, or given treatment without informed consent.

That’s why WHO promotes the idea of people-centred care; it is the embodiment of human rights in the practice of care.

When people are marginalized or face stigma or discrimination, their physical and mental health suffers. Discrimination in health care is unacceptable and is a major barrier to development.

But when people are given the opportunity to be active participants in their own care, instead of passive recipients, their human rights respected, the outcomes are better and health systems become more efficient.

We have a long way to go until everyone – no matter who they are, where they live, or how much money they have – has access to these basic human rights.

The central principle of the  2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development  is to ensure that no one is left behind.

I call on all countries to respect and protect human rights in health – in their laws, their health policies and programmes. We must all work together to combat inequalities and discriminatory practices so that everyone can enjoy the benefits of good health, no matter their age, sex, race, religion, health status, disability, sexual orientation, gender identity or migration status.

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Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus

Director-General, World Health Organization WHO

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Your Environment. Your Health.

Human health impacts of climate change.

Climate change impacts human health in both direct and indirect ways 1 , 2 . Extreme heat waves, rising sea level, changes in precipitation resulting in flooding and droughts, and intense hurricanes can directly cause injury, illness, and even death 3 . The effects of climate change can also indirectly affect health through alterations to the environment. For example, worsening air pollution levels can have negative impacts on respiratory and cardiovascular conditions 4 . Changes in temperature and rainfall can alter the survival, distribution, and behavior of insects and other species that can lead to changes in infectious diseases 5 . Increases in precipitation, storm surge, and sea temperature can lead to more water-related illnesses 6 . Climate change can also affect food safety, exposing people to contaminated foods that can result in foodborne illnesses 7 . In addition, climate change can affect mental health and well-being 8 , 9 .

Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health and Associated Research Needs

Exposure to climate-related hazards can include biological, chemical, or physical stressors and can differ in time, locations, populations, and severity. These are referred to as exposure pathways. These threats can occur simultaneously, resulting in compounding health impacts. Climate change threats may also accumulate over time, leading to longer-term changes in resilience and health.

Climate change can affect human health by changing the severity, duration, or frequency of health problems and by creating unprecedented or unanticipated health problems or health threats in places or populations where they have not previously occurred 10 . While everyone is exposed to climate-related health threats, not everyone experiences the same harms. Individuals may experience greater risk from climate-related health effects because: they have greater exposure to climate-related hazards; they are more sensitive to the effects of climate stressors; their own present state of health and wellbeing; or they do not have sufficient capacity or resources to cope or remove themselves from harm 11 . An effective public health response to mitigate the risks of climate change is essential to preventing injuries and illnesses and enhancing overall public health preparedness.

NIEHS supports research that can be used to make decisions that can help reduce the threats of climate change. In the 2016 report by the U.S. Global Change Research Program,  The Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health: A Scientific Assessment , the Interagency Working Group on Climate Change and Health describes seven different types of health threats that help outline the major research areas. These include the following:

The diagram shows specific examples of how climate change can affect human health, now and in the future


How Climate Change Affects Human Health

Going carbon neutrality: one solution to climate change.

Climate change is a major concern of the global community. The Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC AR4) stated that global surface temperature have increased by about 0.74 ◦C between 1906 and 2005. Extreme high temperature events have become more frequent and more intense in recent years in some regions.

Global Health And Climate Change

The most significant global health issue in the United States (U.S.) and one that poses the most danger is climate change. Climate change is a major global health issue that many of us do not understand, do not take seriously, nor do not consider to be a major health concern. The link between global health and climate change has been confirmed by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a risk to the health of the population and is now classified as one of the greatest health risks of the 21st century (WHO, 2016). Climate change is not just a danger to the environment, but a global threat to our health and it must be recognized as an emergent issue as our climate is becoming altered progressively faster than expected.

Climate Changes And Its Effects: Climate Change And Its Effects

The huge Greenland ice sheet has started to melt. It is losing at least 100 billion tonnes of ice a year and this is pushing up sea levels. If the ice sheet melted completely, which would probably take many hundreds of years, sea levels could rise by as much as 7 metres. Climate change is expected to increase the intensity and/or frequency of extreme weather events, such as storms, floods, droughts and heat waves. About 90% of all natural disasters in Europe since 1980 have been directly caused by climate. The average number of weather and climate-related disasters per year in Europe increased by about 65% between 1998 and 2007 compared with the average for the 1980s. These disasters not only

The Effects Of Climate Change On California 's Natural Water Supply

Climate change is evident throughout the world and is a major issue. It is no secret that our planet is getting warmer. Global warming is now recognized in the scientific community as a real problem. There are multiple aspects that are causing this issue. Majority of the warming is caused by greenhouse gases. Volcanic eruptions and changes in the intensity of solar radiation have offset the warming partially. It is estimated that average annual temperatures will increase 3.5°F-9.5°F by the century’s end.

In the last 100 years, Earth’s average temperature has risen by 1.4°F. The rising global

In the last 100 years, Earth’s average temperature has risen by 1.4°F. The rising global temperatures have caused changes in weather and climate. Global warming refers to the ongoing rise in the average temperature near Earth’s surface. This is causing a climate change, which refers to any significant change (major change in temperature, precipitation, or wind patterns) in the measures of climate lasting for an extended period of time (several decades or longer). Due to this, it is projected that the temperature will rise from 2 to 11.5°F in the next hundred years (US EPA, 2014). The “drivers,” which are the principal causes making this occur, are very controversial. It is debated whether a change in temperature is due to the work of

In The Last 100 Years, The Amount Of Greenhouse Gases In

In the last 100 years, the amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere has increased, causing the Earth to warm by an average of 0.6 degrees celsius, largely a result of burning fossil fuels for energy, transportation, and land use changes increased for food production. The basic science is straightforward and climate researchers have shown that gases such as carbon dioxide, methane and others can trap heat in the Earth’s atmosphere, causing a phenomenon known as the greenhouse effect. Human activities such as industry, transport, energy generation and deforestation all produce these greenhouse gases. In the last 20 years, concern has grown that global warming is inevitable and now considered most probably caused by man-made increases in

The Impact Of Climate Change On Hurricane Katrina

Mathiesen, Karl. “Extreme Weather Already on Increase Due to Climate Change, Study Finds.” The Guardian. Guardian News and Media, 27 Apr. 2015. Web. 30 Nov. 2015

Fahrenheit In Our Lifetime?

warming and many of the world's glaciers and arctic ice sheets are slowly melting and pouring

The Controversial Issue Of Ecological Footprint Or Climate Change

Most climate scientists agree with the idea that the main cause of the current global warming trend is human expansion of the "greenhouse effect", warming that results when the atmosphere traps heat radiating from Earth toward space. Over the last century, the burning of fossil fuels like coal and oil has increased the concentration of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2). This happens because the coal or oil burning process combines carbon with oxygen in the air to make CO2. To a lesser extent, the clearing of land for agriculture, industry, and other human activities has increased concentrations of greenhouse

Understand The Causes Of Climate Change

Today, atmospheric CO2 concentration has nearly increased by 25 percent, and the global temperature has risen by nearly 1.25 degrees as reported in 2014 (U.S. Global Change Research Program, 2014), as part of a continuous rise since the 1800s. This may seem small but are having a huge effect on the Earth and causing global warming, and in turn, climate change. These changes are predominantly blamed on humans, through actions such as fossil fuel consumption, deforestation, and increased agricultural production and

The United States Environmental Association

The United States Environmental Association (EPA) has listed natural changes in greenhouse gas (GHG) concentrations, volcanic eruptions and solar energy as some of the natural causes of climate changes on earth. However, the recent climate changes cannot be explained by natural causes alone. Research indicates that natural causes are very unlikely to explain most observed warming, especially warming since the mid-20th century. Rather, human activities can very likely explain most of that warming. These human activities are the causes of anthropogenic climate changes. The article also adds “Since the Industrial Revolution began around 1750; human activities have contributed substantially to climate change by the addition of CO2 and other heat-trapping gases to the atmosphere. These greenhouse gas emissions have increased the greenhouse effect has caused Earth’s surface temperature to rise. This is the primary reason which is affecting the amount and rate of climate change is greenhouse gas emissions from the burning of fossil fuels.” Other activities that initiate climate changes are caused by the gas emissions from fossil fuels used to heat homes, petroleum based fuels like gasoline and diesel used for transportation and electricity production which comes from burning fossil fuels.

How Does Climate Change Negatively Affect Human Health

Chicago, Indianapolis, Detroit, Milwaukee, Kansas City, Cleveland, Minneapolis, and St. Paul has a total of 61 million people there and more to come. Annual precipitation has already risen by as much as 20 percent in some areas. Climate change is expected to negatively affect human health in a variety ways and exacerbate existing health challenges.

Climate Change And Mexico Essay

For over a hundred years, scientists have been carefully gathering and verifying data on the earth's temperature. The latest data reveals some striking trends:All 10 of the warmest years on record have occurred in the last 15 years The 1990's have already been warmer than the 1980's- the warmest decade on record The global average surface temperature has risen 0.5 degrees (site source)For the first time ever, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the authoritative international body charged with studying this issue, concluded that the observed increase in global average temperature over the last century "is

Literature Review On Climate Change

The burning of fossil fuels such as coal and oil, and deforestation over the last 200 years has caused the concentrations of heat-trapping "greenhouse gases" to increase significantly in our atmosphere. These gases prevent heat from escaping to space. Greenhouse gases are necessary in our lives as they help in keeping the planet 's surface warmer than it would otherwise be. But, as the concentrations of these gases continue to increase in the atmosphere, the Earth 's temperature is climbing above past levels (USEPA, 2014).

Informative Essay On Climate Change

Scientific evidence suggests that human activity like agriculture, urbanization and industrialization have influenced climate change. Clearing land and building cities up for agriculture results in changing the climate. This is because the population is increasing rapidly and the demand to use fossil fuels in our everyday life is also increasing. Increasing use for fossil fuels, industrialization and deforestation has a huge impact on the climate. Enhanced greenhouse gases are an increase in natural greenhouse gases impacted by mankind. The major cause of greenhouse gases is the increase in carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide being released in the atmosphere. If greenhouse gases continue to be produced at the same rate as it did in 2000, then there will be a 0.1-degree change in temperature per decade. This isn’t likely to happen though because of the dramatic need for fossil fuel.

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Top 100 Health Essay Topics

health essay topics

When your professor assigns you an essay and even a particular health essay topic to write on, completing it becomes a smooth sailing process. You only need to search for resources in your library and on the internet to complete it. You can even buy an essay online . However, if the same professor tells you to write a health essay, gives you a deadline, and walks out without saying what topic to write about, the process can be quite nerve-wracking. Fortunately, it doesn’t have to be as you can always select a topic or two you find most appealing from our list of health essay topics below.

Top Health Care Argumentative Essay Topics

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Global Health Topics

Persuasive Essay Topics Health Care

Tips and Tricks for Choosing and Writing the Perfect Health Essay Topic

As already mentioned, having a health essay topic makes the writing process incredibly easy for you. However, not having one doesn’t turn your essay into rocket science, as there are factors that can help you narrow down your choices.

Your Interest and Knowledge on the Topic

Your essay writing quest will be more successful if you choose a topic close to your heart . Therefore, if your professor walks out the door without assigning you a health essay topic, don’t panic. Review all the health areas you’ve handled in the past, which you relate with the best.

Next, analyze the area you’ve chosen and pick a topic most familiar to you. For instance, if you’ve chosen health and wellness as the area you want your essay to focus on, review the topic suggestions we’ve outlined on our list above and pick the one you think you can handle without any difficulties.

This is important because while you may be interested in a topic, not knowing what it entails make the writing process a nightmare. Additionally, don’t forget to review the sources of information. If you cannot find enough sources to gather writing material, then writing your essay will also become hectic.

Choosing the right health essay topic is just the beginning. So once you make up your mind on what to write on, consider the format. This is important because not all health essays are the same. For instance, if you have been assigned a mental health argumentative essay, learn the structure of an argumentative essay first before you get down to writing it.

Use facts adequately in your essay. But again, ensure your essay does not end up being a jargon-filled and overly-informal piece that will tire out your readers within the first paragraph. Instead present your facts in an educative, yet at the same time, an interesting manner to keep your audience captivated from the word go to the end. The secret to doing this is choosing a health essay topic you love.

Again, just because you are supposed to present your essay excitingly doesn’t mean you overdo it. Keep it simple by going straight to the point while at the same time maintaining a clear tone. To achieve this, start by creating an outline so you can organize your thoughts, and have an idea of how the result will be.

The secret recipe to a disastrous essay outcome is choosing the health essay topic and doing it when your deadline is only a few hours away. Start your essay as soon as you can. This way, you’ll have enough time to review your topic options, research each one of them to determine which one has enough resources and then get down to work.

It’s your lucky day! Use promo “ custom20 ” – we’ve prepared a 20% discount off your next health writing assignment from the best academic writers!

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Climate Change and Human Health

On this page:

How Climate Change Affects Human Health

Related resources.

Climate change poses many threats to the health and well-being of all Americans. Climate change affects the food we eat, the air we breathe, the water we drink, and the places that provide us with shelter. Climate change can also impact people’s health and well-being by altering the frequency or intensity of extreme weather events and spread of certain pests and diseases.

Warning sign about ticks.

Climate change affects people’s health in two main ways:

The health effects of climate change include respiratory and heart diseases, pest-related diseases like Lyme disease and West Nile Virus , water- and food-related illnesses, and injuries and deaths. Climate change has also been linked to increases in violent crime and overall poor mental health.

Who’s Most at Risk?

Child using a rescue inhaler.

Certain groups are at more risk than others due to both climate and non-climate factors.

Two people wearing gloves pat down mulch around a newly planted tree.

There are many things we can do to protect people’s health from the impacts of climate change.

How is EPA helping?

essay on human health

EPA is supporting communities by helping them deliver critical resources even as the climate changes.

People can face multiple climate change effects at the same time, at different stages of their life, or over the course of their lifetime. A person’s vulnerability to climate change impacts depends on three key factors:

Learn more about the connections between climate change and health .

Diagram of exposure, sensitivity, and adaptive capacity.

Effects of Human Trafficking on the Victims

Human trafficking is one of the most disturbing and atrocious forms of exploitation of people. Apart from affecting victims physically, it also damages their mental health significantly, thus, causing an array of health issues and complications. Due to continuously being subjected to physical and emotional violence, human trafficking victims develop mental health problems associated with the continuous feeling of guilt and worthlessness, which entails severe depression and even suicidal ideation in a number of cases.

When evaluating the effects of human trafficking on victims, mental health issues are typically brought up as the direct outcome of being exposed to continuous violence and brutality. However, to detail the full extent of mental health damage that survivors of human trafficking experience, one must define the concept of human trafficking first. Okech et al. argue that the subject matter must incorporate not only sex trafficking but also forced labor (210). To understand the extent of violence that victims of human trafficking suffer, one might want to consider the fact that human trafficking is often called modern-day slavery. Therefore, the implications of the specified phenomenon are extensively drastic.

An arrange of mental health problems can be regarded as the direct effect of human trafficking on its victims. The rapid development of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is connected to human trafficking inseparably due to the extreme violence and the complete loss of agency that its victims are forced to experience (Altun et al. 23). Furthermore, Okech et al. insist that, without due social support, the threat of dysfunctional coping emerges, therefore, launching another cycle of mental health concerns and creating additional obstacles to recovery for the target demographic: “participants with PTSD were more than four times as likely to have engaged in self-harm behavior” (209). Therefore, as a social worker, one must identify and address dysfunctional coping cases by removing the underdeveloped coping mechanism with a healthy one.

In addition, depression, as well as anxiety and the associated mental health issues have proven to be prevalent in the target population. Specifically, the study by Altun et al. illustrates that in 78% of female trafficking survivors and in 40% of male ones, “symptoms of depression, anxiety and PTSD” have been found (22). Therefore, anxiety disorders and the presence of severe trauma have been unanimously considered to be recurring outcomes of human trafficking. In addition, the same study reports the emergence of depressive disorders and depression, in general, in 67% of women and 61% of men that have experienced human trafficking (Altun et al. 22). Therefore, there are strong indications that anxiety disorders, the major depressive disorder, and PTSD represent the three key outcomes which victims of human trafficking suffer.

Because of unceasing physical and psychological torture, human trafficking victims become particularly prone to having mental health problems, which range from PTSD to depression to suicidal ideation, with all three often being represented at once. Therefore, efforts must be taken to alleviate the trauma that victims of human trafficking. Specifically, approaches involving building awareness within the community, educating family members about the specifics of victim support, and the application of cognitive processing therapy along with other therapeutic approaches will have to be considered. By increasing the exposure to possible risk factors and ensuring that patients are capable of confronting them, social workers will be able to support victims of human trafficking.

Works Cited

Altun, Sukran, et al. “Mental health and human trafficking: responding to survivors’ needs.” BJPsych International 14.1 (2017): 21-23.

Okech, David, et al. “Social support, dysfunctional coping, and community reintegration as predictors of PTSD among human trafficking survivors.” Behavioral medicine 44.3 (2018): 209-218.

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StudyCorgi. (2023, February 27). Effects of Human Trafficking on the Victims. Retrieved from https://studycorgi.com/effects-of-human-trafficking-on-the-victims/

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