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Anglo-Maratha Wars

Last updated on December 14, 2022 by ClearIAS Team

maratha war

Three Anglo-Maratha wars took place between the late 18th and early 19th centuries between the British and the Marathas.

Table of Contents

Marathas’ ascent

Peshwa Bajirao (1720–40)

Marathas versus British

The English finally prevailed in three battles between the Marathas and the English for governmental hegemony during the latter quarter of the 18th century and the first quarter of the 19th century. These conflicts resulted from the English’s great ambition and the Marathas’ split house, which gave them a reason to believe their endeavour would succeed.

The English in Bombay planned to establish an administration resembling that of Clive in Orissa, Bihar, and Bengal. The Marathas’ disagreement over succession provided the English with a long-awaited opportunity.

Causes of the Conflicts

The Great Maratha Wars or the Anglo-Maratha Wars refer to the three conflicts fought in India between the British East India Company and the Maratha confederacy or the Maratha Empire.

Anglo-Maratha War I (1775–82)

First Anglo-Maratha War’s outcome

Anglo-Maratha War II (1803–05)

Second Anglo-Maratha War’s outcome

Anglo-Maratha War III (1817–19)

Third Anglo-Maratha War’s outcome

Reasons for Maratha’s defeat

The Anglo-Maratha Wars I, II, and III all played significant roles in Indian history. The Mughal Empire was already under British rule at the time. However, despite their best efforts, the British were unable to seize control of the southern regions, which were governed by Maratha chieftains.

As a result of treaties with princely states, the British gained substantial holdings and territory in India, and India was unquestionably the crown jewel of the British Empire. These wars led to the collapse of the Maratha Empire. India was entirely governed by the British.

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In truth, after the battles, India was claimed by the British, who defined it in an Orientalist fashion and mapped it according to their own concepts.

Article Written By:  Atheena Fathima Riyas

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essay on anglo maratha war

Encyclopedia Britannica

Maratha Wars

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Maratha Wars , (1775–82, 1803–05, 1817–18), three conflicts between the British and the Maratha confederacy , resulting in the destruction of the confederacy.

The first war (1775–82) began with British support for Raghunath Rao ’s bid for the office of peshwa (chief minister) of the confederacy. The British were defeated at Wadgaon ( see Wadgaon, Convention of ) in January 1779, but they continued to fight the Marathas until the conclusion of the Treaty of Salbai (May 1782); the sole British gain was the island of Salsette adjacent to Bombay (now Mumbai ).

Louis IX of France (St. Louis), stained glass window of Louis IX during the Crusades. (Unknown location.)

The second war (1803–05) was caused by the peshwa Baji Rao II ’s defeat by the Holkars (one of the leading Maratha clans) and his acceptance of British protection by the Treaty of Bassein in December 1802. The Sindhia and the Bhonsle families contested the agreement, but they were defeated, respectively, at Laswari and Delhi by Lord Lake and at Assaye and Argaon by Sir Arthur Wellesley (later the Duke of Wellington). The Holkar clan then joined in, and the Marathas were left with a free hand in the regions of central India and Rajasthan.

The third war (1817–18) was the result of an invasion of Maratha territory in the course of operations against Pindari robber bands by the British governor-general, Lord Hastings . The peshwa ’s forces, followed by those of the Bhonsle and Holkar, rose against the British (November 1817), but the Sindhia remained neutral. Defeat was swift , followed by the pensioning of the peshwa and the annexation of his territories, thus completing the supremacy of the British in India.

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Anglo Maratha Wars – History Study Material & Notes

Balaji Baji Rao was the third Peshwa who died after the defeat of Marathas in Third Battle of Panipat in 1761. He was succeeded by Madhav rao, his son. While Raghunath Rao, brother of Balaji Baji Rao was in lookout to become Peshwa himself. After death of Madhav Rao in 1772, British caused the first war with Marathas.

First Anglo-Maratha War (1775-82):

The immediate cause for first Anglo Maratha War was English interference in the internal affairs of Marathas. The then Maratha Peshwa, Narayan Rao died without an heir. The birth of a posthumous son to Narayan Rao then drove Raghunath Rao to desperation and he eventually signed the Treaty of Surat in 1775 with the Bombay government with hopes to gain the throne with the help of English troops.

By the treaty of Surat, Raghunatha Rao had promised to cede Salsette and Bassein, and also refrain from forming an alliance with the Company enemies. In the First Anglo Maratha war that followed, none of the two parties were gaining ground and finally realized the futility of the struggle. The treaty of Salbai in 1782 which ended the first Anglo Maratha War.

By the Treaty of Salbai , there was peace between with the Marathas. In this treaty the British began exerting  pressure on Mysore with help from Marathas for recovering their territories from Haider Ali.

The Second Anglo-Maratha War (1803-1806):

In Poona, with death of two shrewd statesmen Mahadji Sindhia and Nana Fadnavis there began a fierce rivalry for power between the successor of Mahadji Sindhia, Daulat Rao Sindhia and Jaswant Rao Holkar. Both of them tried to secure the throne at Poona. Thereafter, Baji Rao II fled to Bassein and then signed a subsidiary alliance with the British. Under the treaty of Bassein, the Peshawa surrendered the city of Surat and to gave up claims for chauth on Nizam’s dominions. He also agreed to not take up arms against the Gaekwar.

Anglo maratha wars

The Third Anglo-Maratha War (1817-1818):

The third and the final battle of the Anglo-Maratha struggle began after coming of Lord Hastings as the Governor-General in year 1813. The Peshwa had to sign the Treaty of Poona in 1817, under which he gave up the headship of the Maratha confederacy and he also had to conduct relations with other states through British Resident. The Peshwa also ceded the Konkan along with his rights in Malwa, and Bundelkhand.

The Treaty of Gwalior (1817) was concluded by Lord Hastings with Daulat Rao Sindhia as part of preparations for cam­paign against Pindaris. Consequently, the Pindari war was merged in the Third Anglo- Maratha War.

All Maratha opposition to the British power ended after yet another attempt by the confederacy against British. A new settlement was made with the Maratha Chiefs. The Peshawa surrendered his name and authority forever in lieu of eight lakhs rupees as pension and retired to Bithur near Kanpur. A small district Satara was reserved for  descendant of Shivaji as the Raja of Satara. All the remaining Peshawa’s territories were annexed to the Presidency of Bombay.

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INTRODUCTION --> 07 Aug 2021

Thought the Marathas had recovered from the Panipat War and even recovered their control over Delhi.

But the Maratha Confederacy was divided into independent states, namely:

The Peshwa’s government was weakened by internal rivalries and the other leaders were also hostile to each other.

As a result, British waged a war against the Marathas.


The post of Peshwa was abolished and Baji Rao II was pensioned off to Bithur near Kanpur.

Brief Note on First Anglo-Maratha War (1775–1782)

Sansar Lochan September 11, 2019 History of India 1 Comment


As we all know the British East India Company, which was originally a trade organisation, rapidly grew into an imperialistic institution. It fort several wars through the width and length of India. However, towards the end of the 18th century, it faced a great challenge from the Marathas who were very strong in the western and central flanks of the country. Hence it was but natural that the company could make an attempt to tackle the Maratha power. As the fate would have it, there were waged three big wars between the two forces. The first such military engagement is known in Indian history as the First Anglo-Maratha War (1775-1782).

First Anglo-Maratha War – NCERT Notes in Brief

Raghunath Rao had concluded the treaty of Surat with the English in 1775, agreeing to cede Salsette and Bassein in return for British help to secure for himself the post of Peshwa. Warren Hastings disapproved of his treaty, and sent Colonel Upton from Bengal to conclude the treaty of Purandar on March 1, 1776. Under this treaty, the English withdrew from the side of Raghunath Rao, but retained Salsette and Bassein. But the Court of Directors was still in favour of the old treaty of Surat. Hence the English decided to fight against the Marathas. For this purpose the army at Bombay was ordered to proceed for a fresh war.

The Bombay army advanced towards Poona, but was faced by a large Maratha force. A retreat before a Maratha army was considered difficult, and the enterprise ended with the convention of Waragon , by which British promised to restore their recent conquests. This action was condemned, the commanders were dismissed, and Hastings sent Goddard from Bengal to prosecute the war. Goddard took Ahmadabad, Captain Poham distinguished himself by taking the hill-fort of Gwalior, and the war was at last concluded by the treaty of Salbai in 1782. Madhu Rao II was recognised as Peshwa, Raghunath Rao retired on an allowance, and Salsette and some other islands were retained by the British.

Primary Cause of this war

The primary cause of the first Maratha war was the interference of English government at Bombay in the internal affairs of the Marathas. Peshwa Madhav Rao died in 1772. He was succeeded by his son, Naryan Rao. His uncle, Raghunath Rao got him murdered in August, 1773 and himself became the Peshawa . But many Maratha nobles disliked him and thought of him as a usurper. It was, afterwards, found that Raghunath Rao was certainly guilty of the murder of his nephew. This infuriated them and, in 1774, they declared the posthumous child of Narayan Rao, Madhav Rao Narayan, as the Peshawa.

Raghunath Rao fled away for his safety and found shelter with the British at Surat. There he signed the treaty of Surat with English government at Bombay on March 7, 1775. By this treaty, the British agreed to provide military assistance to Raghunath Rao and help in aking the Peshawa in return for their expenses. Besides, Raghunath Rao agreed to cede the islands of Salsette and Bassein to the British and promised that the Marathas would not attack the territories of Karnataka and Bengal. This treaty resulted in the beginning of the war against the Marathas.

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Source used : NCERT, Tamil Nadu Board, IGNOU Modern History, NIOS textbooks. Wikipedia  notes for UPSC exam.

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One Comment on “Brief Note on First Anglo-Maratha War (1775–1782)”

https://www.sansarlochan.in/en/first-anglo-maratha-war/ In the section “ Primary Cause of War” you have mentioned that Narayan Rao is the son of Madhavrao. As per my knowledge, Narayan Rao was the brother of Madhavrao 1. Can you please check and confirm this piece of information with me. Thank you.

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Anglo Maratha War – Causes, History of First Anglo Maratha War

Updated on: March 1st, 2023


The Anglo-Maratha wars took place in three phases in India and were fought between the British East India Company and the Indian Maratha Empire. The war started with the Treaty of Surat and ended with the Treaty of Salbai . The first Anglo-Maratha war was fought between 1775 and 1782. Lastly, the Marathas won the first Anglo-Maratha war with the Treaty of Salbai.

The implication of the first Anglo-Maratha war was that the British returned back the territories occupied by them to the Marathas. The Anglo-Maratha war is part of modern Indian history. The aspirants must be well-versed in all the information related to these wars while preparing for the upcoming exam.

Table of content

What is Anglo-Maratha War?

The Anglo-Maratha Wars were fought between the British East India Company and the Maratha Empire in India between 1775 and 1818. The Maratha Empire consisted of some legendary rulers and warriors who fought against the British East India Company and other foreign invaders. The Anglo-Maratha war was fought over territorial disputes, political dominance, and control over resources.

The British wanted to establish a strong hold on the Maratha region, just like they had in Orissa, Bihar, and Bengal . Since the Marathas disagreed and fought back, the British got the opportunity to attack their territories. Hence, there were a series of three Anglo-Maratha wars that are significant in the history of India , as they marked the decline of the mighty Maratha Empire and the solidification of British power in India.

Causes of Anglo-Maratha war

As mentioned above, the Anglo-Maratha wars were a series of multiple wars that shaped the history of India. There were several causes for these wars that we have discussed below.

History Of Anglo Maratha War

The third Peshwa of the Maratha empire, Balaji Bajirao, died in 1761 due to the shock of losing the third battle of Panipat . After his death, his son Madhavrao succeeded him and was able to successfully bring back some of the territories of the Maratha empire that they had lost in the battle of Panipat.

First Anglo-Maratha War

The first of three Anglo-Maratha wars fought in India between the Maratha Empire, and Great Britain was known as the first Anglo Maratha War. The treaty of Salbai marked the end of the war, which started with the Treaty of Surat.

Second Anglo-Maratha War

The United Kingdom and the Maratha empire in India engaged in battle once more during the second Anglo Maratha war (1803 to 1805). On September 23, 1803, the British crushed the Maratha rebels on behalf of Bajirao, who they restored to power in accordance with the treaty of Bassein.

Third Anglo-Maratha War

The third Anglo-Maratha War from 1817 to 1818 was the one that engaged the British against the Maratha empire in India, and the UK gained control of the majority of the country .

Central India And Deccan In Anglo Maratha War

Goddard marched towards Pune after conquering Bassein. He was defeated in the battle of Bhor Ghat in 1781. Mahadji challenged Camac at Malwa in Central India. At first, he was supported by the British, but Camac was later harassed, and he had to return to Hadur.

Anglo-Maratha War Treaty

The treaty of Salbai played an instrumental role in the Anglo-Maratha wars. Check here the features of the Treaty of Salbai.

Results of Anglo Maratha War

The British East India Company preserved Salsette and Broach, and they also obtained a promise from Maratha to take their precessions from Hyder Ali. The Marathas agreed to their point of view and agreed not to share their land with the French. Raghunath Rao decided to be given a pension every year.

All the territories that were captured by the British were surrendered back to the Marathas after the Treaty of Purandhar. The East India Company accepted Madhavrao as Peshwa of the Marathas.

Reasons For Fall Of Marathas

The Marathas’ fall was due to numerous incompetencies and defects in the structural system. The following were the reasons for the fall of the Maratha empire:

Anglo-Maratha Wars And Subsidiary Alliances

Under the subsidiary alliance formed between the Indian state and the British, the Indian rulers would be protected by the British from attacks from other rulers. In return, the British required their army to be kept in the capital of these states, provided with money or some land, and take British personnel as a resident in their capitals who would be the participant in all the decisions and would act as intermediate between other rulers and the state. In 1782, the “Treaty of Salbai was ratified. The agreements conditions were as follows:

Bajirao made his getaway and ratified the treaty of the basin in 1802. A subsidiary forces with:

Anglo-Maratha War UPSC

The Anglo-Maratha war is the topic covered in the UPSC Syllabus under the modern Indian history section. Modern Indian history is important to learn for the exam as at least 3 to 4 questions are definitely expected in the prelims paper. The aspirants preparing for IAS Exam can download the notes for preparing comprehensively.

Anglo-Maratha War PDF

Additionally, candidates must choose the right recommended books to prepare for other topics from the Indian History section. Candidates are recommended to go through the UPSC Previous Year Question Papers to learn more about the types of questions being asked in prelims and mains.

Anglo-Maratha War Sample Question

The candidates must prepare comprehensively for the exam and solve the questions on regular basis. The questions pertaining to the topic “Anglo Maratha war” are essential for the Prelims and Mains syllabus. Check here the sample questions of the UPSC Anglo Maratha war as provided here-

Question . In which year did Peshwa Bajirao 2 sign a subsidiary Treaty?

FAQs for Anglo Maratha War

What was the first anglo maratha war.

The first Anglo Maratha war was between the British Empire and the Maratha Empire. The Treaty of Surat embarked on the war and the Treaty of Salbai marked the end of the war. The Marathas embarked on success in the first Anglo-Maratha war . Shinde lost the war with the Britishers which lead to the signing of the Treaty of Salbai. It was agreed that Madhava Rao will be the Peshwa and Raghu Nath Rao will be provided with a pension.

What was the second Anglo Maratha war?

The Marathas regained and restored their power with the aid of Treaty of Bassein. During the second Anglo-Maratha war, the Marathas were defeated by the Britishers. As the treaty was signed the Britishers got control over the territories and portions of western Gujarat, Bundelkhand. The second Anglo-Maratha war was won by the British, who defeated the Maratha under the guidance of Arthur Wellesley.

What is the outcome of the Anglo Maratha war?

The Britishers surrendered the land to the Marathas. It was agreed that the Marathas will not be sharing the land with the French. In accordance with the Treaty of Parundhar, the land was returned to the Marathas. The Britishers agreed to provide a pension to Raghunath Rao and entitle Madhav Rao as Peshwa of the Marathas.

What are the reasons for the fall of Marathas?

The Marathas witnessed a fall due to numerous defects and incompetence in their structural system. The reasons were incompetent leadership, inadequate political vision, weakness in the Marathas empire, the Jagirdar system, and the weak military system of the Marathas .

How many wars happened between Marathas and the East India company?

Three major Wars happened between Maratha and the British East India company. The first war happened between 1775 to 1782, the second Anglo-Maratha war happened between 1803 to 1805, and the third war happened from 1817 to 1818.

Is the topic “Anglo-Maratha war” essential for UPSC exam?

Yes, the Anglo-Maratha war frames an essential segment of the modern History syllabus. The aspirants preparing for the exam must be well-versed with the pertinents of the syllabus. The aspirants can download the Anglo-Maratha war UPSC notes PDF.

What were the consequences of Anglo-Maratha war?

The consequences of the Anglo-Maratha War were as follows:

What was the main reason for second anglo-maratha war?

The second Anglo-Maratha war was mainly sparked due to the conflict between the Holkars and Peshwa Baji Rao II . The Holkars defeated the Peshwa, which resulted in him signing the Treaty of Bassein, which was a request for British protection.

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Anglo-Maratha Wars

essay on anglo maratha war

The first, second, and third Anglo-Maratha wars were fought between the army of the British East India Company , which after 1757 was de facto ruler of Bengal and of other provinces in North East India , and the Maratha Empire, or confederacy, in the south of India. The Moghul Empire was already effectively under British control but its power had never extended far into the South, where the French —defeated in the North at the Battle of Plassey (1757)—still vied with the British for dominance. The wars started in 1777 and ended with British victory in 1818. This left the British in control, directly or indirectly via treaties with Princely states, of a vast proportion of India, making India the jewel in the crown of the British Empire . Typically, the British divided and ruled by benefiting from conflict between different Indian rulers, such as that between the ruler of Indore, and the Maratha overlord, or Peshwa and by neutralizing others. What had started as a commercial enterprise was now a full-blown imperial project. Making a profit for the mother-land was still the bottom line but the concept of the British race as destined to rule others, for their eventual benefit, was now rapidly developing. As Rudyard Kipling , the India-born novelist and poet of Empire would put later it, it was ‘the white man’s burden’ to shed light into dark places to ‘seek another’s profit and work another’s gain.’ [1] though the more cynical Mary Henrietta Kingley, the African explorer, described empire as the ‘blackman’s burden’ for its often wonton destruction of other cultures.

essay on anglo maratha war

India’s cultures were never quite as despised as those of Africa but they were regarded as decadent and immoral, and thus in need of correction. If at the start of the Maratha wars men such as Warren Hastings ( Governor-General 1773-1785) valued Indian culture and thought more of partnership than domination, at the end of the Maratha wars, India was ready to be possessed, mapped, defined and ‘owned’ in its entirety in true, full bodied Orientalist style. [2] This feeling of ownership was further consolidated after the failure of the 1857 First War of Indian Independence or Mutiny when governmental responsibility was transferred to Westminster, and was finally sealed (May 1, 1876) when Queen Victoria was proclaimed Empress of India.

First Anglo-Maratha War

The First Anglo-Maratha War was the first of three Anglo-Maratha wars fought between the Great Britain and Maratha Empire in India . The war began with the Treaty of Surat and ended with the Treaty of Salbai.

After the death of Madhavrao Peshwa in 1772, his brother Narayanrao Peshwa ascended the position of Peshwa of the Maratha Empire . However, Raghunathrao, Narayanrao’s uncle, had his nephew assassinated in a palace conspiracy that placed Raghunathrao as the next Peshwa, although he was not a legal heir. However, the late Narayanrao’s widow, Gangabai, gave birth to a son after her husband’s death. The newborn infant was named ‘Sawai’ (“One and a Quarter”) Madhavrao and legally was the next Peshwa. Twelve Maratha chiefs, led by Nana Phadnis directed an effort to name the infant as the new Peshwa and rule under him as regents. Raghunathrao, unwilling to give up his position of power, sought help from the British at Bombay and signed the Treaty of Surat on March 7, 1777. According to the treaty, Raghunathrao ceded the territories of Salsette and Bassein to the British along with parts of revenues from Surat and Bharuch districts. In return, the British were to provide Raghunathrao with 2,500 soldiers. The British Calcutta Council, on the other side of India, condemned the Treaty of Surat and sent Colonel Upton to Pune to annul it. The Colonel was also sent to make a new treaty with the regency that renounced Raghunath and promised him a pension. The Bombay government rejected this and gave refuge to Raghunath. In 1777 Nana Phadnis violated his treaty with the Calcutta Council by granting the French a port on the west coast. The British replied by sending a force towards Pune.

Battle of Wadgaon

The British and the Maratha armies met on the outskirts of Pune. The Maratha army reportedly numbered 80,000 soldiers while the British consisted of 35,000 with highly superior ammunition and cannons. However, the Maratha army was commanded by a brilliant General named Mahadji Shinde (also known as Mahadji Sindia). Mahadji lured the British army into the ghats (valleys) near Talegaon and trapped the British. Once trapped, the Maratha cavalry harassed the enemy from all sides and attacked the British supply base at Khopoli. The Marathas also utilized a scorched earth policy, burning farmland and poisoning wells. As the British began to withdraw to Talegaon, the Marathas attacked, forcing them to retreat to the village of Wadgaon. Here, the British army was surrounded from all sides by the Marathas and cut off from food and water. The British finally surrendered by mid-January 1779 and signed the Treaty of Wadgaon that forced the Bombay government to relinquish all territories acquired by the British since 1775.

British Response

The British Governor-General in Bengal, Warren Hastings , rejected this treaty and sent a large force of soldiers across India under Colonel Goddard. Goddard captured Ahmedabad in February 1779, and Bassein in December 1780. Another Bengal detachment led by Captain Popham captured Gwalior in August 1780. Hastings sent yet another force after Mahadji Shinde. In February 1781, led by General Camac, the British finally defeated Shinde at Sipri.

Treaty of Salbai

After the defeat, Shinde proposed a new treaty between the Peshwa and the British that would recognize the young Madhavrao as the Peshwa and grant Raghunathrao a pension . This treaty, known as the Treaty of Salbai, was signed in May 1782, and was ratified by Hastings in June 1782 and by Phadnis in February 1783. The treaty also returned to Shinde all his territories west of the Yamuna. It also guaranteed peace between the two sides for twenty years, thus ending the war .

Second Anglo-Maratha War

The Second Anglo-Maratha War (1803 - 1805) was the second conflict between the United Kingdom and the Maratha Empire in India .

The overweening ambition of Raghunath Rao, Peshwa Baji Rao II's father, and the latter's own incompetence since coming into his inheritance, had long occasioned much internecine intrigue within the Maratha confederacy; Peshwa Baji Rao II no longer commanded the deference his predecessors had.

In October 1802, Peshwa Baji Rao II was defeated by one of his own nominal subordinates, the Holkar ruler of Indore, at the battle of Poona.

Baji Rao II fled to British protection, and in December the same year concluded the Treaty of Bassein with the British East India Company , ceding territory for the maintenance of a subsidiary force and agreeing to not to enter treaties with any other power.

At the Battle of Assaye (the fictional venue of Richard Sharpe's triumph [3] ) on September 23, 1803—the British led by the future 1st Duke of Wellington in what was his first major military success defeated the Maratha rebels on behalf of Baji Rao, whom they restored to power in terms of the Treaty of Bassein.

This act of craven expediency on the part of the Peshwa, their nominal overlord, horrified and disgusted the Maratha chieftains, who wanted least of all to see an extension of British power; in particular, the Sindhia rulers of Gwalior and the Bhonsle rulers of Nagpur and Berar contested the agreement. They were defeated, respectively, at Laswari and Delhi by Lord Lake and at Assaye and Argaon by Sir Arthur Wellesley. The Holkar rulers of Indore belatedly joined the fray and were also defeated by the British .

Peace was concluded in 1805, with the British acquiring Orissa and parts of western Gujarat and Bundelkhand from the Marathas, who were left with a free hand in much of central India. The Scindia Maharajas retained control and overlordship over much of Rajasthan.

Third Anglo-Maratha War

The Third Anglo-Maratha War (1817 - 1818) was a final and decisive conflict between the British and the Maratha Empire in India , which left the U.K. in control of most of India.

essay on anglo maratha war

It began with an invasion of Maratha territory by the British governor-general, Lord Hastings, in the course of operations against Pindari robber bands. The Peshwa of Pune's forces, followed by those of the Bhonsle of Nagpur and Holkar of Indore, rose against the British, but British diplomacy convinced the Sindhia of Gwalior to remain neutral, although he lost control of Rajasthan. British victory was swift, and resulted in the breakup of the Maratha empire and the loss of Maratha independence to the British. The Peshwa was pensioned off, and most of his territory was annexed to Bombay Presidency, although the Maharaja of Satara was restored as ruler of a princely state until its annexation to Bombay state in 1848. The northern portion of the Nagpur Bhonsle dominions, together with the Peshwa's territories in Bundelkhand, were annexed to British India as the Saugor and Nerbudda Territories. The Maratha kingdoms of Indore, Gwalior, Nagpur, and Jhansi became princely states, acknowledging British control.

The Third Anglo-Maratha War left the British in control of virtually all of present-day India south of the Sutlej River.

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  1. Third Anglo-Maratha War (1817 -1818): NCERT Notes For UPSC Exam

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  2. First Anglo Maratha War (Full Video)

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  3. Marathas History

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  4. Anglo-Maratha-war

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  5. How Colonialism Accelerated Climate Change

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  6. Arab mercenaries who fought in India

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  1. 2nd Anglo-Maratha War:Every month (So far)

  2. The Great Maratha Confederacy part 1

  3. Second Anglo-Maratha War In Hindi

  4. History in Shorts- Treaty of Salbai

  5. Anglo-Maratha wars-సంధులు|History of Modern India|#shorts|#youtubeshorts|#ytshorts|#youtube|#gk

  6. How British Destroyed Maratha Empire?


  1. Anglo-Maratha Wars

    Anglo-Maratha Wars · The Maratha Empire in India was destroyed along with the British victory in the wars, which started in 1777 and ended in

  2. Anglo-Maratha Wars

    Anglo-Maratha Wars. Venue: Pune, Central India, Maharashtra and neighboring areas. Year: 1775-82, 1803-05, 1817-18. The three conflicts or wars fought

  3. Maratha Wars

    Maratha Wars ; war (1775–82) began with British support for ; Raghunath Rao's bid for the office of peshwa (chief minister) of the confederacy. The British were

  4. Anglo Maratha Wars

    Anglo Maratha Wars – History Study Material & Notes ... Balaji Baji Rao was the third Peshwa who died after the defeat of Marathas in Third Battle of Panipat in

  5. First Anglo-Maratha War

    The First Anglo-Maratha War (1775–1782) was the first of three Anglo-Maratha Wars fought between the British East India Company and Maratha Empire in India.

  6. Anglo-Maratha Wars

    Anglo-Maratha Wars may refer to: First Anglo-Maratha War (1775–1782); Second Anglo-Maratha War (1803–1805); Third Anglo-Maratha War (1817–1819)

  7. Anglo-Maratha Wars

    The first Anglo-Maratha war was fought from 1775-1782. · The Bombay British Government hoped to set up in Maharashtra the type of Dual Government. · The mutual

  8. Brief Note on First Anglo-Maratha War (1775–1782)

    The primary cause of the first Maratha war was the interference of English government at Bombay in the internal affairs of the Marathas. Peshwa

  9. Causes, History of First Anglo Maratha War

    The Anglo-Maratha wars took place in three phases in India and were fought between the British East India Company and the Indian Maratha

  10. Anglo-Maratha Wars

    The First Anglo-Maratha War was the first of three Anglo-Maratha wars fought between the Great Britain and Maratha Empire in India. The war began with the