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This resource outlines the generally accepted structure for introductions, body paragraphs, and conclusions in an academic argument paper. Keep in mind that this resource contains guidelines and not strict rules about organization. Your structure needs to be flexible enough to meet the requirements of your purpose and audience.
Conclusions wrap up what you have been discussing in your paper. After moving from general to specific information in the introduction and body paragraphs, your conclusion should begin pulling back into more general information that restates the main points of your argument. Conclusions may also call for action or overview future possible research. The following outline may help you conclude your paper:
In a general way,
- Restate your topic and why it is important,
- Restate your thesis/claim,
- Address opposing viewpoints and explain why readers should align with your position,
- Call for action or overview future research possibilities.
Remember that once you accomplish these tasks, unless otherwise directed by your instructor, you are finished. Done. Complete. Don't try to bring in new points or end with a whiz bang(!) conclusion or try to solve world hunger in the final sentence of your conclusion. Simplicity is best for a clear, convincing message.
The preacher's maxim is one of the most effective formulas to follow for argument papers:
Tell what you're going to tell them (introduction).
Tell them (body).
Tell them what you told them (conclusion).
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How To Write A Conclusion For An Argumentative Essay: All Tips
17 Apr 2022
✍️What To Write A Conclusion?
🗒️How To Format A Conclusion?
❓How To Start A Conclusion?
📄Essay Conclusion Examples
✏️How To Finish A Conclusion?
Want to write a perfect conclusion for your paper, but don't know how? Everyone has been there, and it's never easy. It is the final part of your writing, so by the time you reach it, you have no energy and can't focus.
Still, the conclusion part is crucial for the success of every paper. You have to give the final answer to the audience by restating your thesis and noting your claims and findings. If you think you can't write one, you'd better buy argumentative essay online and get rid of the troubles.
In this article, you will find everything you need to know about a conclusion to an argumentative essay and how to write it.
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What To Write In The Conclusion For An Argumentative Essay
To write a conclusion argumentative essay, you first need to recall all the key points of your writing. The college argumentative essay outline you have written can significantly assist you in this. After you have noted these points, you should restate your rephrased thesis and findings.
Except for those basic points, knowing how to conclude an argumentative essay also requires a few more things:
The first thing to pay attention to is your tone of writing. Make sure it is authoritative yet calm and informative. This way, you will assure the reader that your work is essential for the case.
Next is your first sentence. How you start your conclusion does matter. You need to state what you did and why. That will remind the readers once again about what they have read.
After you write it, you will need to point out the key findings of your writing. You must note the important evidence you have written about in your paper. Keep it brief and connect them to your text conclusion.
The last step is to finish the conclusion of your argumentative essay in a meaningful way. Ensure a positive final sentence to make the reader reflect on your work and make them act.
As you can see, writing a conclusion for an argumentative essay is a complex process. Once again, no matter what kind of conclusion you write, it is crucial to have a good one! That goes even for argumentative essays, where you can write everything straight as it is. You can be assertive and direct without considering whether the reader will like your argument. Still, you must keep a good transition between the sections and stick to the basic structure and rules.
Author Note: Make sure not to present any new arguments or claims in the conclusion. This section of your paper is your final opinion. Writing further details, ideas, or irrelevant findings can ruin the text.
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How To Format The Conclusion Of An Argumentative Essay?
To format a conclusion, you have to follow a well-established standard. The best argumentative essay conclusion example includes a "lead" (opening statement). Then point out one vital factor from your paragraph. Usually, one point per paragraph, no more, or it will get too bulky. Finally, add an appropriate finale that will serve as a smooth exit of the whole paper, the final sentence.
By using the standard format, you will have an easier time when you have to write an argumentative essay conclusion. You can focus on the facts and tailor them to appeal to the reader. That will re-convince them about your point for the case.
Here we can add that the final sentence should not always be smooth and friendly. When your conclusion tone is assertive, try to write the last part of the finale as a call to action. Attempt to affect the reader and make them want to research. To find out more about the matter or even take a stand with their own opinion.
Know how to structure your paper
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Knowing the exact way to structure a conclusion in an argumentative essay is crucial. Someone may say that it is not important. But in fact, this is one of the first things people pay attention to. So, you have to format the paper and all the main points in it properly. In any assignment, the style of the text adheres to strict requirements. Usually, you can find them by asking your professor or checking the educational institution's website.
In that sense, you must stick to proper formatting when writing a conclusion for an argumentative essay. To get the best grade, you have to use the recommended style, which can be APA, AP, or other. So remember, following the proper structure and formatting can make the critical points of your work stand out. As a result, your paper will look better, and your paper results will score higher.
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How To Start The Conclusion Of An Essay?
A conclusion to an argumentative essay must go through various steps. The foremost will be the entry sentence. Then, restate your main idea and critical points from your writing. You can add a question or two, but it depends on the flow of your text. Note how it reads and make sure everything sounds smooth and the transition is flawless.
Note: You should check your outline for significant findings or arguments. Do that before starting with the first sentence of your conclusion. Make sure not to miss important facts or add new ones by mistake.
Essay Conclusion Examples
If you are still trying to figure out what your conclusion should look like, check below. We have prepared how to end an argumentative essay examples. These can give you an idea about the structure and format of your paper's final point.
In this particular sample, the case is about global warming. So, the essay's conclusion has to give a compelling reason why the reader and the public should act and prevent the issue. You must remember that what you write depends on the type of paper and should be unique.
"Throughout our text, we pointed out findings about the impact of global warming. Nature cannot sustain itself in the ever-changing climate. The ice caps melt, and the shorelines deteriorate, thus causing the extinction of both flora and fauna. Due to the persisting crisis, we must take action and use the best methods to protect the future of our planet."
Some papers involve public policies and morals. In such cases, you must write in a tone that will feel morally right but will support and justify your arguments. Usually, you write such papers when your topic is pointing towards persuasion. Below, you can see an argumentative essay conclusion example for such texts.
"As time goes on, technology has changed how we, as a society, receive and use information. Media's influence has been increasing throughout the social applications we use daily. The said impacts public opinion, as we can see from the participants in our study group. Most have stated that their primary information source is social media. These media get large funds from private entities to filter your content. This way, you see their ideas and become part of their audience. If you like your news free of filtering and want truthful information, you must act now and ensure your rights."
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At one point or another, you will get an assignment to help with your career objectives. Usually, it is connected to your writing as you have to research specific matters. For example, bring out your point of view and make conclusions. You can quickly implement such tasks in essays like the argumentative one. Thus, you have to be ready to write a conclusion of an argumentative essay that can fit well and is decisive.
"Often, when you get the opportunity to launch a new business, you must grab it. Plan business meetings, solve the x, y, and z obstacles, and speed up the process. Business is about profit, producing more revenue, and creating an easily manageable structure. If you choose to act on a different undertaking, there will be risks a or b, which can lead to overstepping the estimated budgets."
Examples 4, 5
As seen, the conclusion of an argumentative essay can depend on your moral choices. In other cases, on a figure of speech and even sensitivity towards an issue. So, some good argumentative essay topics need an emotional appeal to the reader.
Good conclusion paragraph examples for an argumentative essay can be about any topic. They can be something like whether abortion is a fundamental right for women. In such essay cases, your moral perspective plays a considerable role. But, no matter your point, it is crucial to state your ideas without offending anyone else.
"The right to give birth or not is fundamental for women. They must have it ensured. Otherwise, they have no control or option in their social relationships. The analysis showcases how an unwanted pregnancy can influence and determine the life of a young woman and her child. So without guaranteed rights, women are forced to use dangerous methods to retake ownership of their body, and that must change." "Life is not a choice given by someone. It is a fundamental right guaranteed by the law. In that sense, denying an unborn child's right to life is identical to denying any other person's rights. Furthermore, studies have long proven that life begins with its inception. Therefore, carrying out policies of pro-choice is like murder. With that in mind, saving the unborn by speaking out for them is like giving their rights a voice."
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How To Finish An Argumentative Project Conclusion Paragraph
How to end an argumentative essay? The answer is a strong finishing line. The final sentence is what will leave a deep impression on your reader. Usually, we finish it smoothly in a cordial tone. It must be in a way that will make the reader think about the case or take some action. In other cases, the call to action is intense. It could be smoother, but its main goal stays the same: to influence the audience to contemplate and act.
Taking into consideration the importance of the last sentence, you must write it correctly. Remember that its point is to move the reader, but at the same time to explain why. It should look like " If we don't do it now, we won't be able to act in the future. " If your sentence cuts the flow of the whole text, it will not appeal to your reader.
Now you understand how to write a conclusion for an argumentative essay, but remember to catch up on the whole paper flow, and finish it in the same tone. Use the call to action sentence and exit your essay smoothly while giving the readers ideas and making them think about the case. If you can't, please check our argumentative essay writing services , which can easily tackle the task. Note that by getting it done by a professional, you can learn from examples. Besides, the text can get done in a few hours.
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How to Make/Create an Argumentative Essay [Templates + Examples] 2023
Argumentative essays are among the most elaborate types of essays that tackle complex topics. They have the potential to change people’s opinions and expand the elements of what is fact and what is not fact.
Table of Content
Create an argumentative essay – step-by-step guide, argumentative essay templates & examples, social media argumentative essay template, 5-paragraph argumentative essay template, argumentative essay writing middle school template, argumentative essay writing template, argumentative essay graphic organizer template, step 1: check out the argumentative essay templates (option 1), step 2: search for argumentative essay templates (option 2), step 3: select an argumentative essay template, step 4: choose the file format you’re comfortable with, step 5: download the argumentative essay template, step 6: customize the essay cover page, step 7: write the objectives, topic, and strategy sections, step 8: write the introduction, step 9: draft the body of the essay, step 10: formulate your conclusion, step 11: save and print your argumentative essay.
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Argumentative Essay Conclusion - Write a Strong Concluding Paragraph
If you're reading this article, chances are you have been given an assignment that involves writing. And, that's the argumentative one. An argumentative essay does include some basic elements found in other types of academic papers, but here, we'll focus on its conclusion. After reading this article, you'll learn how to write a strong essay conclusion for a text with an argumentative implication.
As always, it's useful to recall that an argumentative essay consists of the introduction, body, and that element we're going to discuss in detail. All of these sections should be organized well and be developed around the main idea of your assignment . An introduction prepares grounds for your ideas, your essay body provides all necessary details and supporting evidence, and an argumentative essay conclusion is the last chance for you to defend a point and strengthen a final impression. All these elements ensure a logical flow and interconnection of the ideas discussed. And, to finish the writing well, it is important to know the standards and requirements of the essay's last part.
So, why is it necessary to have a conclusion in your argumentative essay? First, without it, the entire assignment will appear incomplete. Recall listening to a piece of music or song which abruptly comes to an end, or reading a book that ends in a cliffhanger. That would leave a bad taste in the mouths of those reading your paper or make the audience think poorly of the author's writing skills. Not only is the conclusion an obligatory part of any assignment, but it also brings wholeness to each of those. You may think of it as the last piece of a jigsaw puzzle: whatever is depicted in it, without that last piece, it's still incomplete. Also, a conclusion in the argumentative essay can highlight the central idea once again. That will not only help you end the writing logically but show your attention to details and competence in academic standards.
When people read lengthy argumentative essays, they can easily lose their bearings. One can use too many ideas, counterarguments, or evidence. A concluding paragraph helps the reader sort of "refresh" the whole text in their minds. That said, it isn't merely a mechanical task of summarizing the central points. The essence of doing so is even more meaningful and powerful - it can help to understand and draw connections between the issues under discussion. So, you write an argumentative conclusion to expand your readers' outlook, providing them with some relevant ideas or points they may have missed or never thought about.
Conclusions are significant for all types of papers. And, the process of writing one can be a hurdle for college students . That's because a lot more is expected from them in terms of the complexity of arguments, the use of advanced grammar, relevant references, and length of a written work. In light of this, it makes sense to offer you useful insights into how to write an argumentative essay conclusion.
Argumentative Essay Conclusion Writing
There is no best way to end an argumentative essay. The process of writing the conclusion is just as creative and subjective as that of working on other paragraphs of the work. However, some crucial elements should be included here. An argumentative essay requires you to repeat the thesis statement (optional), make the audience believe that the arguments made are valid, and cross all the T's.
Here are 3 simple steps involved in writing a good argumentative conclusion:
- Writing an outline
- Opening the conclusion
- Closing the conclusion
What follows next are some effective ways to accomplish the above-mentioned stages and achieve a well-written text. To start a concluding paragraph, you may want to do the following:
- Use a transition. Introduce the conclusion in a sequential way. The transition could be a phrase of varying length that somehow mentions previous ideas from the preceding paragraph.
- Creatively reiterate your thesis statement without being verbatim (i.e., writing it word for word). Consider the following essay conclusion example: Recently, much has been said about the appropriateness of breastfeeding in public places. However, it would not be improper to state that women who choose to do so should neglect the fact that by exposing themselves in public, they run the risk of being shamed, judged, or even sexually abused.
The highlighted part of the above sentences is a possible creative restatement of the main thesis. That can be as follows: Nursing mothers should be able to breastfeed their babies in public places without the fear of being shamed or intimidated.
To end the argumentative conclusion, consider using one of the methods below:
- End with a question. Closing your essay on a high note is a good way to make your reader want to look into the issues debated. Another way of doing so implies asking a question that invites the audience to analyze the subject beyond the aspects discussed. The question could be a rhetorical one and emphasize the importance of your argument. Here are some examples: If it's normal for a relationship to be like this, would you allow yourself or your sister to be on the receiving end of such abuse? or Would you let your child, who's a mere 5 years away from entering adulthood, be subjected to such strenuous labor to make ends meet?
- Conclude by introducing a relevant but not-so-obvious idea. That will help you create the effect of surprise, reveal something new, and provide the reader with a fresh outlook frame on the issue. Given its application in space travel and abundance of water on Earth (70% of Earth is made up of water), hydrogen as a fuel source could usher in environmentally-friendly vehicles within the next three decades!
Keep in mind that our examples are just templates. If you're writing an argument essay on a different topic, you need to come up with ideas relevant to it.
Argumentative Essay Conclusion Outline
In this section, we'll talk about the outline and give you some advice. This element lists the content of your essay - it can cover the whole text or its part. You may wonder why it's necessary to create an outline for a conclusion. The answer is simple - it helps you figure out how the last paragraph is organized and interconnected with the rest of the writing.
Remember that an outline is only a tool, but a very useful one. Unless you are a versatile and experienced writer, you may have some trouble writing a compelling essay without this element. The outline for an argumentative conclusion can be compared to a skeleton or foundation. Just as a skeleton gives shape and support to the body, it provides form and logical flow to your essay conclusion. Let's look through the following example:
- Transition. Mention the key idea or thesis in a sequence.
- Connection. Pick a sentence or two from the body that can support your central idea (use facts).
- Closing Words. Expand the issue by asking a related question to provoke ideas in the readers' minds.
The example above clearly serves as a foundation upon which the argumentative concluding paragraph can be formulated. Remember - the argumentative essay conclusion isn't for new ideas. Stick to your main questions and make sure your arguments are relevant.
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Writing an academic essay means fashioning a coherent set of ideas into an argument. Because essays are essentially linear—they offer one idea at a time—they must present their ideas in the order that makes most sense to a reader. Successfully structuring an essay means attending to a reader's logic.
The focus of such an essay predicts its structure. It dictates the information readers need to know and the order in which they need to receive it. Thus your essay's structure is necessarily unique to the main claim you're making. Although there are guidelines for constructing certain classic essay types (e.g., comparative analysis), there are no set formula.
Answering Questions: The Parts of an Essay
A typical essay contains many different kinds of information, often located in specialized parts or sections. Even short essays perform several different operations: introducing the argument, analyzing data, raising counterarguments, concluding. Introductions and conclusions have fixed places, but other parts don't. Counterargument, for example, may appear within a paragraph, as a free-standing section, as part of the beginning, or before the ending. Background material (historical context or biographical information, a summary of relevant theory or criticism, the definition of a key term) often appears at the beginning of the essay, between the introduction and the first analytical section, but might also appear near the beginning of the specific section to which it's relevant.
It's helpful to think of the different essay sections as answering a series of questions your reader might ask when encountering your thesis. (Readers should have questions. If they don't, your thesis is most likely simply an observation of fact, not an arguable claim.)
"What?" The first question to anticipate from a reader is "what": What evidence shows that the phenomenon described by your thesis is true? To answer the question you must examine your evidence, thus demonstrating the truth of your claim. This "what" or "demonstration" section comes early in the essay, often directly after the introduction. Since you're essentially reporting what you've observed, this is the part you might have most to say about when you first start writing. But be forewarned: it shouldn't take up much more than a third (often much less) of your finished essay. If it does, the essay will lack balance and may read as mere summary or description.
"How?" A reader will also want to know whether the claims of the thesis are true in all cases. The corresponding question is "how": How does the thesis stand up to the challenge of a counterargument? How does the introduction of new material—a new way of looking at the evidence, another set of sources—affect the claims you're making? Typically, an essay will include at least one "how" section. (Call it "complication" since you're responding to a reader's complicating questions.) This section usually comes after the "what," but keep in mind that an essay may complicate its argument several times depending on its length, and that counterargument alone may appear just about anywhere in an essay.
"Why?" Your reader will also want to know what's at stake in your claim: Why does your interpretation of a phenomenon matter to anyone beside you? This question addresses the larger implications of your thesis. It allows your readers to understand your essay within a larger context. In answering "why", your essay explains its own significance. Although you might gesture at this question in your introduction, the fullest answer to it properly belongs at your essay's end. If you leave it out, your readers will experience your essay as unfinished—or, worse, as pointless or insular.
Mapping an Essay
Structuring your essay according to a reader's logic means examining your thesis and anticipating what a reader needs to know, and in what sequence, in order to grasp and be convinced by your argument as it unfolds. The easiest way to do this is to map the essay's ideas via a written narrative. Such an account will give you a preliminary record of your ideas, and will allow you to remind yourself at every turn of the reader's needs in understanding your idea.
Essay maps ask you to predict where your reader will expect background information, counterargument, close analysis of a primary source, or a turn to secondary source material. Essay maps are not concerned with paragraphs so much as with sections of an essay. They anticipate the major argumentative moves you expect your essay to make. Try making your map like this:
- State your thesis in a sentence or two, then write another sentence saying why it's important to make that claim. Indicate, in other words, what a reader might learn by exploring the claim with you. Here you're anticipating your answer to the "why" question that you'll eventually flesh out in your conclusion.
- Begin your next sentence like this: "To be convinced by my claim, the first thing a reader needs to know is . . ." Then say why that's the first thing a reader needs to know, and name one or two items of evidence you think will make the case. This will start you off on answering the "what" question. (Alternately, you may find that the first thing your reader needs to know is some background information.)
- Begin each of the following sentences like this: "The next thing my reader needs to know is . . ." Once again, say why, and name some evidence. Continue until you've mapped out your essay.
Your map should naturally take you through some preliminary answers to the basic questions of what, how, and why. It is not a contract, though—the order in which the ideas appear is not a rigid one. Essay maps are flexible; they evolve with your ideas.
Signs of Trouble
A common structural flaw in college essays is the "walk-through" (also labeled "summary" or "description"). Walk-through essays follow the structure of their sources rather than establishing their own. Such essays generally have a descriptive thesis rather than an argumentative one. Be wary of paragraph openers that lead off with "time" words ("first," "next," "after," "then") or "listing" words ("also," "another," "in addition"). Although they don't always signal trouble, these paragraph openers often indicate that an essay's thesis and structure need work: they suggest that the essay simply reproduces the chronology of the source text (in the case of time words: first this happens, then that, and afterwards another thing . . . ) or simply lists example after example ("In addition, the use of color indicates another way that the painting differentiates between good and evil").
Copyright 2000, Elizabeth Abrams, for the Writing Center at Harvard University
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How To Write Conclusion For An Argumentative Essay?
Wondering “how to write the conclusion of an argumentative essay”? Are you the one stuck in the finding of argumentative essay topics and wants to seek help? You think we will let you drown in such a situation? Never! Continue reading this, we have got the best for you.
For most of the students, it might be a daunting task to write the conclusion of their essays rather than the rest of the processes involved in it. This is what our expert writers have realized with the time and brought to you every bit of details that you require out of us. So, let’s begin with the perfect essay writing guide now.
- What Is Conclusion?
A conclusion is usually last paragraph of your essay (specifically speaking, argumentative essay) or any piece of writing, which summarizes the entire piece of writing, the thesis statement, and the arguments made in it. It also tends to inform the readers, the importance of your essay and tends to leave them in a state that is unambiguous.
- Purpose Of Conclusion
It provides a closure to the essay and summarize the main arguments for the last time. It is the generic essay outline of the content in which we impress the readers and state the importance of our essay to them. So, at the end of your essay, the reader must know why your piece of writing matters to them. In addition to this, your essay should also answer the “what next”.
Ensure the following when writing conclusion:
- The practice of the paragraph starter should be good enough to insert a sense of completeness in it and hence, the entire essay.
- End your conclusion on a positive note, it is one of the best practices.
- Write it in such a way as to give your audience something rhetorical and they want more and think more on it when your essay ends.
- Restate your thesis in this paragraph and not rewrite it from the introductory paragraph. This is because it is not a good practice to have repetition in your essay.
- Do not introduce a new idea in the conclusion, rather sum up the entire discussion from above; restate the thesis, summarise the argumentative essay body paragraphs , and leave the readers with a good final impression and food for thought.
- Keep the balance in your conclusion. It should neither be too long to be distracting enough nor it be short enough to convey barely anything. It should contain at least three sentences and at most depending-on the type of essay.
Outline Of Conclusion Paragraph For An Argumentative Essay
It is a general standard that the number of sentences in a conclusion depends on the number of statements in the essay (i.e. number of topic sentences and thesis statements). A strong and to the point argumentative essay word choice makes the conclusion best. But this is not a hard and fast rule and is subject to changes depending on the a rgumentative essay topic.
Here is the structure of a conclusion paragraph:
- Starter sentence
- Summarizing the main points
- Concluding sentence
Let’s discuss how to write a conclusion paragraph :
This sentence is the very starting sentence of a conclusion paragraph and it has the power to restate the thesis of the essay (the main sentence on which the entire discussion is based). So, as a student, if you ever wonder how to start a conclusion, try to rephrase your thesis statement and then state it as first sentence of your concluding paragraph.
Summarizing The Main Points
By summarizing the main points, we mean that in 3-4 sentences, wrap up the entire arguments that you have made throughout the essay. Not just this, but also explain the importance of it and the connection between them.
It is the very final sentence of your conclusion, make sure it be a rhetorical question or a clincher sentence to leave the audience in a state of thoughts and crave. This sentence should provide closure to the essay and work as a connector of the audience to the introduction.
- Examples Of Sentences For Conclusion
Thesis: “Decision making in aeronautics depends on millions of factors”
1 st sentence of conclusion: “human factor, weather, terrain and go-no-go decision being in the million factors in aeronautical decision making are the most critical among all others”
Thesis : “it should be the duty of pharmacist to prescribe medicines on the diagnosed condition of the patient and not the doctor for several reasons”
1 st sentence of conclusion: “ pharmacist have better know how of the formulas in the drugs suitable for the type of diagnosed disease”.
“ Although many internal and external factors be included in aeronautical decision making but the major contribution is made mostly by the ones stated here in. Therefore, before making a flight, these factors must be in the considerations of the pilot”.
“However, doctors being specialist in the diagnosing of the medical conditions properly can also play the role of pharmacist, but the areas in which they are specialized is very different from what the pharmacist are”.
“Think how multi-taskers pilots are when they are making thousands of decision at a single point in time.
“So, now you know how important it is for the pharmacist to prescribe drugs rather than the doctor playing the role of pharmacist?
Now combining all the sentences:
“Human factor, weather, terrain and go-no-go decision being in the million factors in aeronautical decision making are the most critical among all others. Although many internal and external factors be included in aeronautical decision making but the major contribution is made mostly by the ones stated here in. Therefore, before making a flight, these factors must be in the considerations of the pilot. Think how multi-taskers pilots are when they are making thousands of decision at a single point in time”.
“ Pharmacist have better know how of the formulas in the drugs suitable for the type of diagnosed disease. However, doctors being specialist in the diagnosing of the medical conditions properly can also play the role of pharmacist, but the areas in which they are specialized is very different from what the pharmacist are . So, now you know how important it is for the pharmacist to prescribe drugs rather than the doctor playing the role of pharmacist?”
The water pollution has been really affecting 1the lives of human beings since 2010. It is almost impossible to ensure a better wildlife or provide safe drinking water to any living being. That is why it is important to take this matter seriously and start working on controlling the water pollution. We can do it by keeping our water resources clean, and by using them in a controlled portion.
The increasing cases of child molestation are certainly alarming and need to be controlled as soon as possible. One must focus upon fulfilling their responsibility by keeping an eye on such things and becoming a protector of others. The government and the local public can ensure the safety of the children by working hand in hand. Remember, we all can do it by spreading awareness and taking all the precautionary measures.
Mental health is clearly not a joke and the findings in this essay have highlighted this point as well. It is something that can be treated and if someone is facing this issue, one should not hesitate to consult a psychologist immediately. Indeed depression is a major illness among many people, but the treatment done in the right time can save everything.
We only need your requirements to create an original paper with proper formatting.
- Transition Words Or Concluding Words
These words play a pivotal role in the building blocks of a conclusion. Without these words, the conclusion can barely be counted as a better one. These can either be used at the very start of the paragraph and also in between sentences as well. Let’s mention them:
- To conclude
- Long story short
- As stated earlier
- Let’s revisit the entire discussion,
- To be exact
- In a nutshell
- To summarize
It also has to be noted here that, if it is not required to use such phrases then it should never be use. Despite its advantages, the disadvantage of these words is that you are yourself telling the readers that is about to happen. Let them realize themselves what’s coming next through your writing.
Dos And Don’ts Of Conclusion
- Do start early your conclusion.
- Lead naturally from one paragraph to another and try good transition words to connect ideas in a flowy manners.
- Do emphasize on the main points and remind the audience of what were discussed so far.
- Do add new words while rephrasing.
- Do leave with a powerful impact on the audience.
- Use strong vocabulary and do review after writing your conclusion.
- End with a good quotation if you can.
- Be sure in your thoughts to add confidence into your conclusion
- Rephrase thesis
- End with a good question
- Be appealing to the emotions
- Discuss the implications
- Do review your conclusion before submission.
- Do not start with a new idea in the conclusion or simply put, “don’t repeat”.
- Avoid use of silly words and decorative language
- Do not add concluding and transition words at the very starting sentence in an unnatural way.
- Do not start your conclusion when the deadline is very near. Start early.
- Do not criticize things in here.
- The ending should not be too elaborative because your essay has already done that part.
- Do not be hurried
- Don’t overuse some phrases and words.
- Do not repeat the thesis
Writing conclusion for your argumentative essay might not be an easy task. It is a type of essay in which you have to be confident enough and sure enough to convince your readers otherwise, there are tons of options available to them that would let them be taken over. Under these circumstances, a good essay of such sort is very important starting from the selection of good argumentative essay topics, to writing a compelling conclusion that can never let the audience feel or be lost, and also giving consideration to word count in an argumentative essay. You can also get expert help from our argumentative essay writing service .
Hence, perfect essay writers has made your job easier with this perfect essay writing guide. Our top-notch writers prioritize their audience and put themselves in your shoe to understand your requirements. We hope that this guide is of prime importance to your requirement, however, if you still have queries and want perfect services, perfect essay writing services is always here to help.
To write a good conclusion paragraph
- Insert a good starter sentence for the paragraph
- Summarize the main points of the essay in 4-5 lines
- Add good concluding sentence probably a clincher or rhetorical question
Here is the 3 main parts of conclusion paragraph for an argumentative essay:
- Summarizing the main points in 4-5 sentences
Table of Contents
- Outline Of Conclusion Paragraph
- Dos & Don’ts Of Conclusion
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Argumentative Essay Climate Change | Essay On Climate Change Argument
March 6, 2023 by Raju
Today one of the global issues in the world is climate change. There are a lot of reasons for unwanted changes or fluctuating changes in the climate. Those fluctuations will affect our future generations more than our generation, we the people of the world have a responsibility to bring awareness about climate change and give some of the essential resources we have as of now, to the next generation.
The resources are air, water, food, shelter, and land to live. Because of the pollution in the earlier said air, water, food, shelter, and land are being polluted through chemicals that are unwanted. Along with that factors are direct, they are indirect, and interlinked with one another. Climate change factors are Ozone layer depletion, Greenhouse gases, Global warming, deforestation, Glaciers melting, and air from Industries are the major reasons for climate change.
You can read more Essay Writing about articles, events, people, sports, technology many more.
Essay On Climate Change Argument
Argumentative essay on climate change, bringing this argument on climate change due to the foresight of the future, the problem we have been facing is not raised today, it has been from the ages, the scientists are always trying to be aware and make us alert but no one is taking steps regarding it, because we are still facing it right!
Neither prevention nor cure for the problem is not happening, where some governments and organizations have been trying somehow to eradicate the challenges from climate change all over the world by taking some precautions, summits, and setting goals to achieve changes around the world by the leaders of the different countries for the sake of human race.
Ignoring this climate change can lead to serious problems. Climate change leads to the bringing of heavy radiation on the earth that no one can tolerate without radium-resistant materials.
As of now, we are still the climate change in Delhi due to pollution, how is their health degrading because of the dust in the air? Still, the people are ignoring the awareness and signs implemented by the government to the ear side, only because of the people’s negligence.
No one is thinking about what threat is waiting for us in the future events or incidents that happen worldwide. No one can imagine and has no time to think if the calamities come suddenly and sweep out some areas with ultimate loss.
It just completes in a fraction of a second, what happened, how it arises, and why so? Then only we realize and take steps to look forward. This is the opinion of the people who are imagining a bright future for their kids.
The people who realize this theory, will take care of social activities and explore with their children how they would be in the future for their kids. From Morning brush to evening brush they take utmost care and availability of natural resources.
Reasons Lead To Climate Change
The main reasons leading to climate change are Man-made activities and nature. Earth is more compatible to balance the input and output by the intervention activities of man it has been reduced to balance the air, water, and soil.
For instance, Forests will control the rain from clouds and wind in the atmosphere. But by deforestation, the rain which is essential for living is getting reduced. Another example is ozone depletion, the sun is very important to any life on earth. By falling the sun’s rays on the earth bring energy to every life. Of the depletion of the ozone, the sun’s rays are both good and harmful rays.
Harmful rays are protected by the thin layer in the stratosphere called the Ozone layer. Now the ozone layer which protects us from harmful rays is reduced its thickness. Because the activities are done by humans and man-made chemicals bring this position. If we didn’t control the vigorous usage of chemicals, industries, and automobiles, the ozone layer will be lost completely, it leads.
we the people of the earth offer harmful rays and allowing to affect our lives. Actually, we are inviting them to have existed in outer space for years. Through the exploitation of natural resources, deforestation, and global warming, we are inviting an enemy to intervene in our lives and letting us face some challenges of it. Radiation causes many effects on our health. Cancer, mutations, and many other skin diseases.
Let’s see some changes in the climate which are affected most:
Energy in the earth is balanced by the greenhouse effect and others, Among them, the greenhouse effect is very important. It damages in recent years very badly.
The change in the sun’s rays, which have been continuously falling on the earth. The rays are two types of. They are good and harmful rays. Most of the time, harmful rays are dominating and fall on the earth. The rays are fluctuating in the period of time, which leads to the unbearable situation of rays.
We all know that when there is an action, there is always an opposite reaction with equal force. In the case of the earth, most of the time it absorbs rays from the atmosphere and keeps absorbing the chemicals.
But in return, the earth reflects a few rays which are absorbed from the atmosphere, emitting low heat to the outer and emitting high amounts of poisonous and dangerous gas to outer space. The absorption and emission from the atmosphere to earth, and earth to the atmosphere are not equal.
Here is the main problem of balancing the earth. When the reflective rays are coming from the atmosphere, the earth absorbs them and gives life to many organisms. But the rays which are absorbed won’t return back to the atmosphere. The earth keeps getting heat them up with absorbed rays.
Gases include in Greenhouse Effect:
The greenhouse effect includes the following gases are:
- Carbon dioxide (Co2).
- Methane (CH4).
- Nitrous Oxide (N2o).
- And few chloroform carbons (CFCs).
These have the capacity to trap the heat produced by the sun and not allow the emission of gases from the earth to the atmosphere leading to global warming due to the heating up of the earth. It is possible by interlinking both nature and human activity. You can observe the large consequences you observe by increasing the concentration of the atmosphere.
Evidence of Intervention Through Human Activity In Climate Change
The following evidence of Intervention through Human activity in climate change is:
An argumentative essay on climate change is a necessity around the world. Evidence is:
Mainly Industrialization: Industrialization leads to the establishment of several factories for several purposes. The harmful gases and the smoke from the factories and industries adversely affect the environment. Bhopal Gas Tragedy is the best example that industries through leakage, releasing harmful gases into the atmosphere which leads to cause of death of many people. Factories like leather release a lot of gases into the atmosphere. It leads to changes in the climate.
Deforestation: Deforestation is a serious threat to the people in the world. The most significant problem of deforestation leads to the lack of shelter for the animals, rays from the sun give protection, and control over the wind and rain will be lost. It means fluctuations in the rain and winds. Both functions will alter with the changes due to deforestation for mankind’s purposes.
Coal mining: Coal mining is underground or groundwork, and it has a lot of uses in daily life. It is used in cosmetics, fire for necessities, and many other purposes. Digging the land means exploitation of land will take place.
Oil extraction: Pumping the oil from the soil to the outside of the land for a lot of purposes. Being extraction of oil leads to the exploitation of resources of soil.
Greenhouse gases: Greenhouse gases are very dangerous to the earth. They are composed of methane, carbon dioxide, Nitrous oxide, and chlorofluorocarbons leading to the greenhouse effect on the earth.
E-waste, Medi-waste, and Bio-waste: Due to the exposure of electronic waste into the soil, medi waste is not incinerated properly through incinerators. And coming to the Biowaste, the human excreta, cow dung, and outlets of many other organisms lead to the liberation of gases that are harmful to the earth. Hence there is a lot of proof that nature and human activity intervention cause changes in the climate.
FAQs On Argumentative Essay Climate Change
Question 1. What is a good thesis statement for climate change?
Answer: A good thesis statement for climate change is that human activity is the reason for climate change thesis is the good statement.
Question 2. What is global warming in an argumentative essay?
Answer: The rapid growth of global warming due to human activities is the global warming in an argumentative essay.
Question 3. How do you write a climate change essay?
Answer: Starts with an introduction, the main concept, and a conclusion which is the best part to write your opinion.
Question 4. What are some good argumentative essay topics?
- Global Warming.
- Ozone Depletion.
- Farming and
- Climate change.
Question 5. What is a good introduction to climate change?
Answer: A good introduction to climate change is, Today one of the global issues in the world is climate change. There are a lot of reasons for unwanted changes or fluctuating changes in the climate.
Those fluctuations will affect our future generations more than our generation, we the people of the world have a responsibility to bring awareness about climate change and give some of the essential resources we have as of now, to the next generation.
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How to Write a Strong Conclusion Paragraph in an Argumentative Essay
Table of contents
“What do I say that hasn’t been said already,” you wonder.
Don’t take writing conclusions lightly because it is the finishing touch that packages your essay correctly, letting the reader know that you have given the essay the closure it deserves.
Regardless of how strong the arguments raised are, if your conclusion is weak, your essay will be rendered incomplete.
How to Draft a Good Conclusion for an Argumentative Essay and Get it Noticed
So you have stated your thesis, presented background information, introduced evidence, stated your point of view, and refuted objections within the argumentative essay. Now, it is time to conclude. Read on as we tell you the dos and don’ts of writing conclusion paragraphs.
How to Write an Impactful Conclusion Paragraph that Leaves a Positive Impression
A conclusion paragraph is like the final farewell - it must be impactful and effective. The way you choose to conclude your essay can make or break the impression you leave on the instructor.
So, here’s a look at five tips to help you write a firm conclusion for an argumentative essay.
Read What is Written
Whether or not the essay is written at a stretch, once you are done with the introduction and body paragraphs, it is essential to give a thorough reading. This is when you can assess whether you have left any key points or examples out and make amends.
Once that is done, read it once again – this is the first step in planning the concluding paragraph. Going over the rest of the essay, you can note the main points and ensure you reinstate them in conclusion. Not just that, this exercise also provides you don’t repeat any statements as is.
Re-emphasize Your Viewpoint
What were the most substantial arguments you made in the paper?
Begin the conclusion by reminding the reader of your viewpoint by reinstating the most logical arguments you made in the essay. Use this space to tie loose ends and summarize the main points. The conclusion needs to act as a reminder, stating why your viewpoint matters.
Remember this is your last chance to convince the reader about your chosen argument. That said, don’t get down to summarizing the entire essay. What is essential is readdressing your point of view in the most convincing manner.
Discuss Possible Implications
So you have reminded the reader of your argument or the stand you are taking in the essay. Why not push them to think about it?
It’s a good idea to discuss possible implications in the conclusion paragraph of an argumentative essay. What does that include? You can discuss hypothetical situations (along with examples) that can arise if the reader goes with your point of view. Alternatively, you can also get them to ponder the ramifications of going with the opposing point of view.
Either way, the idea is to get them to consider your main argument and derive logical sense from it.
Appeal to Emotions
Remember the goal of the concluding paragraph must be to leave the reader with a memorable final impression; the most effective way to do that is to appeal to their emotions .
Whether urging action, attracting empathy, or rousing anger – the idea is to get the reader to agree with your point of view. While the stance needs to be put forth logically, you can certainly make emotional appeals in the last paragraph to get them to agree. In short, you must appeal to the reader’s head and heart, especially when writing an argumentative essay.
End with a Question
Some questions are not meant to be answered - they are just used for emphasis and to leave the reader with something to think about.
So yes, you can consider ending with a question and asking a rhetorical question in the conclusion paragraph. This keeps the reader engaged till the last sentence and enhances the recall value of your essay.
Just make sure your questions are relevant to the main point of the argumentative essay and ensure they are crafted to strengthen your argument or point of view.
Are You Making These Mistakes While Writing a Conclusion Paragraph
Now that you know what you should include in a conclusion paragraph of an argumentative essay, it’s almost important to take note of what you should not have and avoid it at all costs.
Here are six common mistakes students make while writing a conclusion paragraph.
Present New Information
By the time you conclude, you should have said it all. If you haven’t, revisit the essay and identify gaps because the concluding paragraph is not the place to introduce new arguments, facts, or information.
Doing this weakens the paper and reflects your poor planning. So, don’t confuse the reader and only focus on presenting already mentioned arguments and data in a new way rather than adding more layers to the paper.
Repeat the Thesis Statement
Imagine reading the thesis statement in the introduction and having to read it all over again in the conclusion paragraph. You don’t want your instructor thinking, “Didn’t I just read this statement?”.
Repeating the thesis statement is a complete no-no. It would be best if you rewrote it while tying together the main arguments raised but doing a copy-paste job without adding any value will do nothing to the conclusion.
If anything, you should take your thesis statement to the next level and substantiate it so the reader can make the connection and be convinced about your writing.
Check this video by Jill Jackson on how you can restate your thesis statement in the conclusion
Regardless of how unsure you are of your writing skills or your stance, don’t ever make the mistake of showing it in your essay. The last thing you want to do is let all that effort go to waste by apologizing in the last paragraph.
Avoid phrases like “I am not sure but…”, “This is just my opinion..” or “I might be wrong..” and the likes because it makes you seem apologetic and underconfident - and that’s certainly not the indication you want to give.
You need to be confident about your point of view and own up to it. It’s the instructor’s job to assess how you have articulated and justified your stance.
As they say, “Self-confidence carries conviction; it makes other people believe in us.” So, go for it - write with utmost conviction!
Start with Overused Phrases
If you are wondering, “How should I start the conclusion paragraph?”, know that you certainly should not begin with “Finally..”, “Lastly..”, “As stated earlier..”, “In a nutshell…” and similar overused phrases.
Yes, transitions are essential. The correct transition words make the essay more cohesive and help the reader go from one paragraph to another quickly while retaining the connection between them.
However, when starting the conclusion paragraph, the reader knows it is the conclusion; you don’t need to spell it out. Hence, it would be best to use transition words that make the flow seem organic and smooth.
Here’s a video by Liz enlisting some transition words or linkers you can use to begin the concluding paragraph
End with a Quote
Integrating quotes in the introduction or body paragraphs is a great way to hook readers or emphasize a point but ending the essay with a quote is not a good idea.
Why, you ask? That’s because the conclusion needs to be about summing up and using your voice to strengthen your voice. This is not the place to insert an expert’s quote and wash your hands of it.
You want readers to leave thinking about the points and arguments you raised, not what some leader or author had to say about the same topic.
Do a Hurried Job
The conclusion paragraph is the last step in the writing process, but it often gets sidelined. This is especially true when you write your essay at the very last minute.
You are highly mistaken if you don’t give enough time and thought to write a conclusion because you see it as an insignificant aspect of your essay.
The conclusion is as essential as the introduction (if not more) because it is your golden opportunity to concisely reinstate the main points and thesis statement and package it with closure.
Like it or not – your essay is likely to be remembered by the most recent thing the reader has read, which happens to be the concluding paragraph. This means you cannot get lazy while writing this section and let all your efforts waste.
If you’re still unsure about getting the conclusion of your argumentative essay right, why not get some help from the experts? Yes, we at Writers Per Hour are a professional essay writing service. Our team of experts specializes in delivering original, well-written essays, including argumentative, narrative, persuasive and more.
From writing captivating introductions to exciting conclusions, we will take care of it all. So, the next time you are stuck writing an essay, contact us, and let us help you ace it!
1. How To Write an Introduction for an Argumentative Essay
2. What are Good Argumentative Essay Topics: 5 Tips to Make the Right Choice
Last edit at Dec 23 2022
Stefani is a professional writer and blogger at Writers Per Hour . She primarily contributes articles about careers, leadership, business, and writing. Her educational background in family science and journalism has given her a broad base from which to approach many topics. She especially enjoys preparing resumes for individuals who are changing careers.
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Sat / act prep online guides and tips, 3 strong argumentative essay examples, analyzed.
Need to defend your opinion on an issue? Argumentative essays are one of the most popular types of essays you’ll write in school. They combine persuasive arguments with fact-based research, and, when done well, can be powerful tools for making someone agree with your point of view. If you’re struggling to write an argumentative essay or just want to learn more about them, seeing examples can be a big help.
After giving an overview of this type of essay, we provide three argumentative essay examples. After each essay, we explain in-depth how the essay was structured, what worked, and where the essay could be improved. We end with tips for making your own argumentative essay as strong as possible.
What Is an Argumentative Essay?
An argumentative essay is an essay that uses evidence and facts to support the claim it’s making. Its purpose is to persuade the reader to agree with the argument being made.
A good argumentative essay will use facts and evidence to support the argument, rather than just the author’s thoughts and opinions. For example, say you wanted to write an argumentative essay stating that Charleston, SC is a great destination for families. You couldn’t just say that it’s a great place because you took your family there and enjoyed it. For it to be an argumentative essay, you need to have facts and data to support your argument, such as the number of child-friendly attractions in Charleston, special deals you can get with kids, and surveys of people who visited Charleston as a family and enjoyed it. The first argument is based entirely on feelings, whereas the second is based on evidence that can be proven.
The standard five paragraph format is common, but not required, for argumentative essays. These essays typically follow one of two formats: the Toulmin model or the Rogerian model.
- The Toulmin model is the most common. It begins with an introduction, follows with a thesis/claim, and gives data and evidence to support that claim. This style of essay also includes rebuttals of counterarguments.
- The Rogerian model analyzes two sides of an argument and reaches a conclusion after weighing the strengths and weaknesses of each.
3 Good Argumentative Essay Examples + Analysis
Below are three examples of argumentative essays, written by yours truly in my school days, as well as analysis of what each did well and where it could be improved.
Argumentative Essay Example 1
Proponents of this idea state that it will save local cities and towns money because libraries are expensive to maintain. They also believe it will encourage more people to read because they won’t have to travel to a library to get a book; they can simply click on what they want to read and read it from wherever they are. They could also access more materials because libraries won’t have to buy physical copies of books; they can simply rent out as many digital copies as they need.
However, it would be a serious mistake to replace libraries with tablets. First, digital books and resources are associated with less learning and more problems than print resources. A study done on tablet vs book reading found that people read 20-30% slower on tablets, retain 20% less information, and understand 10% less of what they read compared to people who read the same information in print. Additionally, staring too long at a screen has been shown to cause numerous health problems, including blurred vision, dizziness, dry eyes, headaches, and eye strain, at much higher instances than reading print does. People who use tablets and mobile devices excessively also have a higher incidence of more serious health issues such as fibromyalgia, shoulder and back pain, carpal tunnel syndrome, and muscle strain. I know that whenever I read from my e-reader for too long, my eyes begin to feel tired and my neck hurts. We should not add to these problems by giving people, especially young people, more reasons to look at screens.
Second, it is incredibly narrow-minded to assume that the only service libraries offer is book lending. Libraries have a multitude of benefits, and many are only available if the library has a physical location. Some of these benefits include acting as a quiet study space, giving people a way to converse with their neighbors, holding classes on a variety of topics, providing jobs, answering patron questions, and keeping the community connected. One neighborhood found that, after a local library instituted community events such as play times for toddlers and parents, job fairs for teenagers, and meeting spaces for senior citizens, over a third of residents reported feeling more connected to their community. Similarly, a Pew survey conducted in 2015 found that nearly two-thirds of American adults feel that closing their local library would have a major impact on their community. People see libraries as a way to connect with others and get their questions answered, benefits tablets can’t offer nearly as well or as easily.
While replacing libraries with tablets may seem like a simple solution, it would encourage people to spend even more time looking at digital screens, despite the myriad issues surrounding them. It would also end access to many of the benefits of libraries that people have come to rely on. In many areas, libraries are such an important part of the community network that they could never be replaced by a simple object.
The author begins by giving an overview of the counter-argument, then the thesis appears as the first sentence in the third paragraph. The essay then spends the rest of the paper dismantling the counter argument and showing why readers should believe the other side.
What this essay does well:
- Although it’s a bit unusual to have the thesis appear fairly far into the essay, it works because, once the thesis is stated, the rest of the essay focuses on supporting it since the counter-argument has already been discussed earlier in the paper.
- This essay includes numerous facts and cites studies to support its case. By having specific data to rely on, the author’s argument is stronger and readers will be more inclined to agree with it.
- For every argument the other side makes, the author makes sure to refute it and follow up with why her opinion is the stronger one. In order to make a strong argument, it’s important to dismantle the other side, which this essay does this by making the author's view appear stronger.
- This is a shorter paper, and if it needed to be expanded to meet length requirements, it could include more examples and go more into depth with them, such as by explaining specific cases where people benefited from local libraries.
- Additionally, while the paper uses lots of data, the author also mentions their own experience with using tablets. This should be removed since argumentative essays focus on facts and data to support an argument, not the author’s own opinion or experiences. Replacing that with more data on health issues associated with screen time would strengthen the essay.
- Some of the points made aren't completely accurate , particularly the one about digital books being cheaper. It actually often costs a library more money to rent out numerous digital copies of a book compared to buying a single physical copy. Make sure in your own essay you thoroughly research each of the points and rebuttals you make, otherwise you'll look like you don't know the issue that well.
Argumentative Essay Example 2
There are multiple drugs available to treat malaria, and many of them work well and save lives, but malaria eradication programs that focus too much on them and not enough on prevention haven’t seen long-term success in Sub-Saharan Africa. A major program to combat malaria was WHO’s Global Malaria Eradication Programme. Started in 1955, it had a goal of eliminating malaria in Africa within the next ten years. Based upon previously successful programs in Brazil and the United States, the program focused mainly on vector control. This included widely distributing chloroquine and spraying large amounts of DDT. More than one billion dollars was spent trying to abolish malaria. However, the program suffered from many problems and in 1969, WHO was forced to admit that the program had not succeeded in eradicating malaria. The number of people in Sub-Saharan Africa who contracted malaria as well as the number of malaria deaths had actually increased over 10% during the time the program was active.
One of the major reasons for the failure of the project was that it set uniform strategies and policies. By failing to consider variations between governments, geography, and infrastructure, the program was not nearly as successful as it could have been. Sub-Saharan Africa has neither the money nor the infrastructure to support such an elaborate program, and it couldn’t be run the way it was meant to. Most African countries don't have the resources to send all their people to doctors and get shots, nor can they afford to clear wetlands or other malaria prone areas. The continent’s spending per person for eradicating malaria was just a quarter of what Brazil spent. Sub-Saharan Africa simply can’t rely on a plan that requires more money, infrastructure, and expertise than they have to spare.
Additionally, the widespread use of chloroquine has created drug resistant parasites which are now plaguing Sub-Saharan Africa. Because chloroquine was used widely but inconsistently, mosquitoes developed resistance, and chloroquine is now nearly completely ineffective in Sub-Saharan Africa, with over 95% of mosquitoes resistant to it. As a result, newer, more expensive drugs need to be used to prevent and treat malaria, which further drives up the cost of malaria treatment for a region that can ill afford it.
Instead of developing plans to treat malaria after the infection has incurred, programs should focus on preventing infection from occurring in the first place. Not only is this plan cheaper and more effective, reducing the number of people who contract malaria also reduces loss of work/school days which can further bring down the productivity of the region.
One of the cheapest and most effective ways of preventing malaria is to implement insecticide-treated bed nets (ITNs). These nets provide a protective barrier around the person or people using them. While untreated bed nets are still helpful, those treated with insecticides are much more useful because they stop mosquitoes from biting people through the nets, and they help reduce mosquito populations in a community, thus helping people who don’t even own bed nets. Bed nets are also very effective because most mosquito bites occur while the person is sleeping, so bed nets would be able to drastically reduce the number of transmissions during the night. In fact, transmission of malaria can be reduced by as much as 90% in areas where the use of ITNs is widespread. Because money is so scarce in Sub-Saharan Africa, the low cost is a great benefit and a major reason why the program is so successful. Bed nets cost roughly 2 USD to make, last several years, and can protect two adults. Studies have shown that, for every 100-1000 more nets are being used, one less child dies of malaria. With an estimated 300 million people in Africa not being protected by mosquito nets, there’s the potential to save three million lives by spending just a few dollars per person.
Reducing the number of people who contract malaria would also reduce poverty levels in Africa significantly, thus improving other aspects of society like education levels and the economy. Vector control is more effective than treatment strategies because it means fewer people are getting sick. When fewer people get sick, the working population is stronger as a whole because people are not put out of work from malaria, nor are they caring for sick relatives. Malaria-afflicted families can typically only harvest 40% of the crops that healthy families can harvest. Additionally, a family with members who have malaria spends roughly a quarter of its income treatment, not including the loss of work they also must deal with due to the illness. It’s estimated that malaria costs Africa 12 billion USD in lost income every year. A strong working population creates a stronger economy, which Sub-Saharan Africa is in desperate need of.
This essay begins with an introduction, which ends with the thesis (that malaria eradication plans in Sub-Saharan Africa should focus on prevention rather than treatment). The first part of the essay lays out why the counter argument (treatment rather than prevention) is not as effective, and the second part of the essay focuses on why prevention of malaria is the better path to take.
- The thesis appears early, is stated clearly, and is supported throughout the rest of the essay. This makes the argument clear for readers to understand and follow throughout the essay.
- There’s lots of solid research in this essay, including specific programs that were conducted and how successful they were, as well as specific data mentioned throughout. This evidence helps strengthen the author’s argument.
- The author makes a case for using expanding bed net use over waiting until malaria occurs and beginning treatment, but not much of a plan is given for how the bed nets would be distributed or how to ensure they’re being used properly. By going more into detail of what she believes should be done, the author would be making a stronger argument.
- The introduction of the essay does a good job of laying out the seriousness of the problem, but the conclusion is short and abrupt. Expanding it into its own paragraph would give the author a final way to convince readers of her side of the argument.
Argumentative Essay Example 3
There are many ways payments could work. They could be in the form of a free-market approach, where athletes are able to earn whatever the market is willing to pay them, it could be a set amount of money per athlete, or student athletes could earn income from endorsements, autographs, and control of their likeness, similar to the way top Olympians earn money.
Proponents of the idea believe that, because college athletes are the ones who are training, participating in games, and bringing in audiences, they should receive some sort of compensation for their work. If there were no college athletes, the NCAA wouldn’t exist, college coaches wouldn’t receive there (sometimes very high) salaries, and brands like Nike couldn’t profit from college sports. In fact, the NCAA brings in roughly $1 billion in revenue a year, but college athletes don’t receive any of that money in the form of a paycheck. Additionally, people who believe college athletes should be paid state that paying college athletes will actually encourage them to remain in college longer and not turn pro as quickly, either by giving them a way to begin earning money in college or requiring them to sign a contract stating they’ll stay at the university for a certain number of years while making an agreed-upon salary.
Supporters of this idea point to Zion Williamson, the Duke basketball superstar, who, during his freshman year, sustained a serious knee injury. Many argued that, even if he enjoyed playing for Duke, it wasn’t worth risking another injury and ending his professional career before it even began for a program that wasn’t paying him. Williamson seems to have agreed with them and declared his eligibility for the NCAA draft later that year. If he was being paid, he may have stayed at Duke longer. In fact, roughly a third of student athletes surveyed stated that receiving a salary while in college would make them “strongly consider” remaining collegiate athletes longer before turning pro.
Paying athletes could also stop the recruitment scandals that have plagued the NCAA. In 2018, the NCAA stripped the University of Louisville's men's basketball team of its 2013 national championship title because it was discovered coaches were using sex workers to entice recruits to join the team. There have been dozens of other recruitment scandals where college athletes and recruits have been bribed with anything from having their grades changed, to getting free cars, to being straight out bribed. By paying college athletes and putting their salaries out in the open, the NCAA could end the illegal and underhanded ways some schools and coaches try to entice athletes to join.
People who argue against the idea of paying college athletes believe the practice could be disastrous for college sports. By paying athletes, they argue, they’d turn college sports into a bidding war, where only the richest schools could afford top athletes, and the majority of schools would be shut out from developing a talented team (though some argue this already happens because the best players often go to the most established college sports programs, who typically pay their coaches millions of dollars per year). It could also ruin the tight camaraderie of many college teams if players become jealous that certain teammates are making more money than they are.
They also argue that paying college athletes actually means only a small fraction would make significant money. Out of the 350 Division I athletic departments, fewer than a dozen earn any money. Nearly all the money the NCAA makes comes from men’s football and basketball, so paying college athletes would make a small group of men--who likely will be signed to pro teams and begin making millions immediately out of college--rich at the expense of other players.
Those against paying college athletes also believe that the athletes are receiving enough benefits already. The top athletes already receive scholarships that are worth tens of thousands per year, they receive free food/housing/textbooks, have access to top medical care if they are injured, receive top coaching, get travel perks and free gear, and can use their time in college as a way to capture the attention of professional recruiters. No other college students receive anywhere near as much from their schools.
People on this side also point out that, while the NCAA brings in a massive amount of money each year, it is still a non-profit organization. How? Because over 95% of those profits are redistributed to its members’ institutions in the form of scholarships, grants, conferences, support for Division II and Division III teams, and educational programs. Taking away a significant part of that revenue would hurt smaller programs that rely on that money to keep running.
While both sides have good points, it’s clear that the negatives of paying college athletes far outweigh the positives. College athletes spend a significant amount of time and energy playing for their school, but they are compensated for it by the scholarships and perks they receive. Adding a salary to that would result in a college athletic system where only a small handful of athletes (those likely to become millionaires in the professional leagues) are paid by a handful of schools who enter bidding wars to recruit them, while the majority of student athletics and college athletic programs suffer or even shut down for lack of money. Continuing to offer the current level of benefits to student athletes makes it possible for as many people to benefit from and enjoy college sports as possible.
This argumentative essay follows the Rogerian model. It discusses each side, first laying out multiple reasons people believe student athletes should be paid, then discussing reasons why the athletes shouldn’t be paid. It ends by stating that college athletes shouldn’t be paid by arguing that paying them would destroy college athletics programs and cause them to have many of the issues professional sports leagues have.
- Both sides of the argument are well developed, with multiple reasons why people agree with each side. It allows readers to get a full view of the argument and its nuances.
- Certain statements on both sides are directly rebuffed in order to show where the strengths and weaknesses of each side lie and give a more complete and sophisticated look at the argument.
- Using the Rogerian model can be tricky because oftentimes you don’t explicitly state your argument until the end of the paper. Here, the thesis doesn’t appear until the first sentence of the final paragraph. That doesn’t give readers a lot of time to be convinced that your argument is the right one, compared to a paper where the thesis is stated in the beginning and then supported throughout the paper. This paper could be strengthened if the final paragraph was expanded to more fully explain why the author supports the view, or if the paper had made it clearer that paying athletes was the weaker argument throughout.
3 Tips for Writing a Good Argumentative Essay
Now that you’ve seen examples of what good argumentative essay samples look like, follow these three tips when crafting your own essay.
#1: Make Your Thesis Crystal Clear
The thesis is the key to your argumentative essay; if it isn’t clear or readers can’t find it easily, your entire essay will be weak as a result. Always make sure that your thesis statement is easy to find. The typical spot for it is the final sentence of the introduction paragraph, but if it doesn’t fit in that spot for your essay, try to at least put it as the first or last sentence of a different paragraph so it stands out more.
Also make sure that your thesis makes clear what side of the argument you’re on. After you’ve written it, it’s a great idea to show your thesis to a couple different people--classmates are great for this. Just by reading your thesis they should be able to understand what point you’ll be trying to make with the rest of your essay.
#2: Show Why the Other Side Is Weak
When writing your essay, you may be tempted to ignore the other side of the argument and just focus on your side, but don’t do this. The best argumentative essays really tear apart the other side to show why readers shouldn’t believe it. Before you begin writing your essay, research what the other side believes, and what their strongest points are. Then, in your essay, be sure to mention each of these and use evidence to explain why they’re incorrect/weak arguments. That’ll make your essay much more effective than if you only focused on your side of the argument.
#3: Use Evidence to Support Your Side
Remember, an essay can’t be an argumentative essay if it doesn’t support its argument with evidence. For every point you make, make sure you have facts to back it up. Some examples are previous studies done on the topic, surveys of large groups of people, data points, etc. There should be lots of numbers in your argumentative essay that support your side of the argument. This will make your essay much stronger compared to only relying on your own opinions to support your argument.
Summary: Argumentative Essay Sample
Argumentative essays are persuasive essays that use facts and evidence to support their side of the argument. Most argumentative essays follow either the Toulmin model or the Rogerian model. By reading good argumentative essay examples, you can learn how to develop your essay and provide enough support to make readers agree with your opinion. When writing your essay, remember to always make your thesis clear, show where the other side is weak, and back up your opinion with data and evidence.
Do you need to write an argumentative essay as well? Check out our guide on the best argumentative essay topics for ideas!
You'll probably also need to write research papers for school. We've got you covered with 113 potential topics for research papers.
Your college admissions essay may end up being one of the most important essays you write. Follow our step-by-step guide on writing a personal statement to have an essay that'll impress colleges.
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Christine graduated from Michigan State University with degrees in Environmental Biology and Geography and received her Master's from Duke University. In high school she scored in the 99th percentile on the SAT and was named a National Merit Finalist. She has taught English and biology in several countries.
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The Beginner's Guide to Writing an Essay | Steps & Examples
An academic essay is a focused piece of writing that develops an idea or argument using evidence, analysis, and interpretation.
There are many types of essays you might write as a student. The content and length of an essay depends on your level, subject of study, and course requirements. However, most essays at university level are argumentative — they aim to persuade the reader of a particular position or perspective on a topic.
The essay writing process consists of three main stages:
- Preparation: Decide on your topic, do your research, and create an essay outline.
- Writing : Set out your argument in the introduction, develop it with evidence in the main body, and wrap it up with a conclusion.
- Revision: Check the content, organization, grammar, spelling, and formatting of your essay.
Table of contents
Essay writing process, preparation for writing an essay, writing the introduction, writing the main body, writing the conclusion, essay checklist, lecture slides, frequently asked questions about writing an essay.
The writing process of preparation, writing, and revisions applies to every essay or paper, but the time and effort spent on each stage depends on the type of essay .
For example, if you’ve been assigned a five-paragraph expository essay for a high school class, you’ll probably spend the most time on the writing stage; for a college-level argumentative essay , on the other hand, you’ll need to spend more time researching your topic and developing an original argument before you start writing.
Before you start writing, you should make sure you have a clear idea of what you want to say and how you’re going to say it. There are a few key steps you can follow to make sure you’re prepared:
- Understand your assignment: What is the goal of this essay? What is the length and deadline of the assignment? Is there anything you need to clarify with your teacher or professor?
- Define a topic: If you’re allowed to choose your own topic , try to pick something that you already know a bit about and that will hold your interest.
- Do your research: Read primary and secondary sources and take notes to help you work out your position and angle on the topic. You’ll use these as evidence for your points.
- Come up with a thesis: The thesis is the central point or argument that you want to make. A clear thesis is essential for a focused essay—you should keep referring back to it as you write.
- Create an outline: Map out the rough structure of your essay in an outline . This makes it easier to start writing and keeps you on track as you go.
Once you’ve got a clear idea of what you want to discuss, in what order, and what evidence you’ll use, you’re ready to start writing.
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The introduction sets the tone for your essay. It should grab the reader’s interest and inform them of what to expect. The introduction generally comprises 10–20% of the text.
1. Hook your reader
The first sentence of the introduction should pique your reader’s interest and curiosity. This sentence is sometimes called the hook. It might be an intriguing question, a surprising fact, or a bold statement emphasizing the relevance of the topic.
Let’s say we’re writing an essay about the development of Braille (the raised-dot reading and writing system used by visually impaired people). Our hook can make a strong statement about the topic:
The invention of Braille was a major turning point in the history of disability.
2. Provide background on your topic
Next, it’s important to give context that will help your reader understand your argument. This might involve providing background information, giving an overview of important academic work or debates on the topic, and explaining difficult terms. Don’t provide too much detail in the introduction—you can elaborate in the body of your essay.
3. Present the thesis statement
Next, you should formulate your thesis statement— the central argument you’re going to make. The thesis statement provides focus and signals your position on the topic. It is usually one or two sentences long. The thesis statement for our essay on Braille could look like this:
As the first writing system designed for blind people’s needs, Braille was a groundbreaking new accessibility tool. It not only provided practical benefits, but also helped change the cultural status of blindness.
4. Map the structure
In longer essays, you can end the introduction by briefly describing what will be covered in each part of the essay. This guides the reader through your structure and gives a preview of how your argument will develop.
The invention of Braille marked a major turning point in the history of disability. The writing system of raised dots used by blind and visually impaired people was developed by Louis Braille in nineteenth-century France. In a society that did not value disabled people in general, blindness was particularly stigmatized, and lack of access to reading and writing was a significant barrier to social participation. The idea of tactile reading was not entirely new, but existing methods based on sighted systems were difficult to learn and use. As the first writing system designed for blind people’s needs, Braille was a groundbreaking new accessibility tool. It not only provided practical benefits, but also helped change the cultural status of blindness. This essay begins by discussing the situation of blind people in nineteenth-century Europe. It then describes the invention of Braille and the gradual process of its acceptance within blind education. Subsequently, it explores the wide-ranging effects of this invention on blind people’s social and cultural lives.
Write your essay introduction
The body of your essay is where you make arguments supporting your thesis, provide evidence, and develop your ideas. Its purpose is to present, interpret, and analyze the information and sources you have gathered to support your argument.
Length of the body text
The length of the body depends on the type of essay. On average, the body comprises 60–80% of your essay. For a high school essay, this could be just three paragraphs, but for a graduate school essay of 6,000 words, the body could take up 8–10 pages.
To give your essay a clear structure , it is important to organize it into paragraphs . Each paragraph should be centered around one main point or idea.
That idea is introduced in a topic sentence . The topic sentence should generally lead on from the previous paragraph and introduce the point to be made in this paragraph. Transition words can be used to create clear connections between sentences.
After the topic sentence, present evidence such as data, examples, or quotes from relevant sources. Be sure to interpret and explain the evidence, and show how it helps develop your overall argument.
Lack of access to reading and writing put blind people at a serious disadvantage in nineteenth-century society. Text was one of the primary methods through which people engaged with culture, communicated with others, and accessed information; without a well-developed reading system that did not rely on sight, blind people were excluded from social participation (Weygand, 2009). While disabled people in general suffered from discrimination, blindness was widely viewed as the worst disability, and it was commonly believed that blind people were incapable of pursuing a profession or improving themselves through culture (Weygand, 2009). This demonstrates the importance of reading and writing to social status at the time: without access to text, it was considered impossible to fully participate in society. Blind people were excluded from the sighted world, but also entirely dependent on sighted people for information and education.
See the full essay example
The conclusion is the final paragraph of an essay. It should generally take up no more than 10–15% of the text . A strong essay conclusion :
- Returns to your thesis
- Ties together your main points
- Shows why your argument matters
A great conclusion should finish with a memorable or impactful sentence that leaves the reader with a strong final impression.
What not to include in a conclusion
To make your essay’s conclusion as strong as possible, there are a few things you should avoid. The most common mistakes are:
- Including new arguments or evidence
- Undermining your arguments (e.g. “This is just one approach of many”)
- Using concluding phrases like “To sum up…” or “In conclusion…”
Braille paved the way for dramatic cultural changes in the way blind people were treated and the opportunities available to them. Louis Braille’s innovation was to reimagine existing reading systems from a blind perspective, and the success of this invention required sighted teachers to adapt to their students’ reality instead of the other way around. In this sense, Braille helped drive broader social changes in the status of blindness. New accessibility tools provide practical advantages to those who need them, but they can also change the perspectives and attitudes of those who do not.
Write your essay conclusion
My essay follows the requirements of the assignment (topic and length ).
My introduction sparks the reader’s interest and provides any necessary background information on the topic.
My introduction contains a thesis statement that states the focus and position of the essay.
I use paragraphs to structure the essay.
I use topic sentences to introduce each paragraph.
Each paragraph has a single focus and a clear connection to the thesis statement.
I make clear transitions between paragraphs and ideas.
My conclusion doesn’t just repeat my points, but draws connections between arguments.
I don’t introduce new arguments or evidence in the conclusion.
I have given an in-text citation for every quote or piece of information I got from another source.
I have included a reference page at the end of my essay, listing full details of all my sources.
My citations and references are correctly formatted according to the required citation style .
My essay has an interesting and informative title.
I have followed all formatting guidelines (e.g. font, page numbers, line spacing).
Your essay meets all the most important requirements. Our editors can give it a final check to help you submit with confidence.
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An essay is a focused piece of writing that explains, argues, describes, or narrates.
In high school, you may have to write many different types of essays to develop your writing skills.
Academic essays at college level are usually argumentative : you develop a clear thesis about your topic and make a case for your position using evidence, analysis and interpretation.
The structure of an essay is divided into an introduction that presents your topic and thesis statement , a body containing your in-depth analysis and arguments, and a conclusion wrapping up your ideas.
The structure of the body is flexible, but you should always spend some time thinking about how you can organize your essay to best serve your ideas.
Your essay introduction should include three main things, in this order:
- An opening hook to catch the reader’s attention.
- Relevant background information that the reader needs to know.
- A thesis statement that presents your main point or argument.
The length of each part depends on the length and complexity of your essay .
A thesis statement is a sentence that sums up the central point of your paper or essay . Everything else you write should relate to this key idea.
The thesis statement is essential in any academic essay or research paper for two main reasons:
- It gives your writing direction and focus.
- It gives the reader a concise summary of your main point.
Without a clear thesis statement, an essay can end up rambling and unfocused, leaving your reader unsure of exactly what you want to say.
A topic sentence is a sentence that expresses the main point of a paragraph . Everything else in the paragraph should relate to the topic sentence.
At college level, you must properly cite your sources in all essays , research papers , and other academic texts (except exams and in-class exercises).
Add a citation whenever you quote , paraphrase , or summarize information or ideas from a source. You should also give full source details in a bibliography or reference list at the end of your text.
The exact format of your citations depends on which citation style you are instructed to use. The most common styles are APA , MLA , and Chicago .
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Good hooks for argumentative essays (with examples)
Many students find it hard to create good hooks when writing an argumentative essay. The hook is the first sentence or two of your essay, and it should interest the reader in your topic. A good argumentative hook for example can leave them thinking “Yes! I need to know why this is true!”
In this guide, we will learn how to write a good hook for argumentative essay and earn a top grade.
Some starter questions answered in this guide include:
argumentative essay examples
- How to write a conclusion for an argumentative essay + Examples
argumentative research paper outline
Argumentative essay background information.
- How to Start an Argumentative Essay | Introduction Paragraphs examples
Argumentative essay layout
- How can I write a good hook for an argumentative essay?
- How do you get the reader interested in the topic of your essay?
- What are some examples of hooks for argumentative essays?
If you want to learn how to write a strong good hook for an argumentative essay, just follow these simple rules. If you need essay help , just fill out the order form here . We have over 3000 essay writers standing by ready to craft your paper, so there’s no need to worry about it! Let us know what type of essay paper you’re looking for and let our certified writer make your dreams come true.
What makes a good hook for an argumentative essay?
A good hook is a question or statement that catches the reader’s attention and piques their interest. It must directly relate to the topic of your paper, but it cannot be so on-the-nose that you sound like you’re complaining about something. Keep in mind that your thesis statement won’t be just one sentence; it will have several sentences that need to lead logically from the introduction into the bulk of the text.
Characteristics of a good hook for argumentative essay
So, what are some characteristics of a good hook for argumentative essay?
- A good hook does not announce itself as a hook right away; instead it lures readers into feeling like they’re reading something substantial and meaty before revealing its true nature. It goes beyond just mentioning an interesting argument or position by actually developing it in some way.
- A good hook will be original and creative without being too far-fetched or alienating.
- A good hook is an integral part of your argument, rather than just a starting point for it. It should have a clear purpose in the text as a whole. In other words, it’s less important that your essay starts with a good hook than it is that your essay has a strong and cohesive thesis throughout.
- A good hook does not merely state an opinion; rather, it presents an idea or asks a question (e.g., “Is writing about love more difficult than writing about hate?”)
- You need to use powerful words to make sure your hook doesn’t fall flat. If you’re talking about something like global warming, for example, don’t bother starting with the phrase “the recent rise in temperature.” You need to go deeper into discussion of the topic; this means using language that shows you’re familiar with the research and have a good grasp of the academic conversation surrounding your topic. Additionally, avoid clichés and empty phrases when coming up with a hook for argumentative essay.
6 Types of argumentative essay hooks
There are 6 types of argumentative essay hooks you can use to grab the attention of your audience:
Quotation or citation hooks
Factual hooks, personal experience hook, question hook, case study hook, definition hook.
Below is a detailed analysis of the 6 hooks for essays listed above with examples on how to write a hook for an argumentative essay (with detailed essay hook examples ).
Quotation or citation hooks involve using quotes, statistics, and other research data to support your argument.
For example, if you are writing about how people rely too heavily on cell phones to communicate with each other as opposed to giving face-to-face time as a priority, then one possible hook might be:
“A recent study by the Pew Research Center reveals that American teens between the ages of 12 and 17 send an average of 60 text messages per day.”
Factual hooks use facts and figures from surveys and polls. For example: “According to a survey conducted by CBS news, more than 50% of first year college students wish their parents had not pushed so hard for them to attend college.” Or, “According to the US Census Bureau, the average household spent $2400 on back-to-school supplies in 2014.”
Facts are very important when writing an argument essay because the facts present a valid way to support your argument. For example, if you are writing an opinion essay about how commercialism is damaging Christmas traditions, citing a statistic that shows that spending for Christmas has increased by 500% in the past ten years will help strengthen and support your argument.
Personal experience hooks are effective hooks in argumentative writing because they involve the audience directly. For example: “If I had it my way, students would have to give up social media for an entire semester just so that they could focus on their academics.” Or, “As a college student hailing from a low socioeconomic background, I can attest to how frustrating it is not being able to buy name brand items at school prices after graduation.”
By sharing a personal experience when starting an argumentative essay, the writer is able to catch the reader’s attention right away by either relating to a personal situation or revealing something that many people might find surprising. In addition to this, these hooks have an active voice which makes the argumentative essay feel more direct and forceful.
To use a question hook successfully, you must frame your argument as a question. For example: “Do you think life would be easier if you never had to deal with the in-between moments in life, when your life didn’t fit perfectly into any timeframe?”
Using a question as an argumentative paper hook allows you to organize your paper around a series of questions. The format for this type of paper is simple:
- Introduce the topic with a general question that may have one or two concrete answers.
- Discuss why these specific answers are correct or incorrect from a certain point of view, citing sources in the process if necessary.
- Include a final conclusion in which you state your own position and explain why it is valid based on the evidence you have already presented throughout the essay.
A case study hook allows you to illustrate examples using stories about real people. Using real life case studies can attract your readers’ interest in your paper because everyone loves a good story.
You may consider using this type of hook in any argumentative essay, but it is especially effective when you are writing an opinion essay or persuasive essay . This type of hook has the advantage over other types because it can be personal and easy to understand at the same time. You may use details about people’s lives to make your point clear and maybe even inspire emotions like empathy within your readers. The disadvantage however is that not every reader will find the case study equally interesting or involving; thus depending on what you are writing about, you may want to try out more than one type of hook before deciding which one is best for your particular scenario.
For example: “Jessica was excited to make new friends at college until she realized how difficult it was trying to find common ground between acquaintances.”
A definition hook allows you define terms that may or may not be familiar to the reader. For example: “Art is a form of expression that balances creativity, imagination, individuality, and beauty.”
Example of a definition hook in argumentative essay writing would be:
“Art is a form of expression that balances creativity, imagination, individuality, and beauty.”
Writing challenge: Practise writing good hook for argumentative essays
Now that you know how to write a good hook for argumentative essay, you need to practise writing argumentative hooks by choosing two types of hooks above and creating good argumentative hooks.
Share your views and the results of this challenge in the comment section.
Argumentative essay structure
Argumentative essay topics, qualitative research question examples, argumentative essay outline, related guides, how to write a thesis statement for an..., argumentative essay format, how to write a conclusion for an argumentative..., argumentative essay transition words, gun control argumentative essay, how to start an argumentative essay | introduction....
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How to Write a Standout Argumentative Essay
An argumentative essay is a piece of writing that uses factual evidence and logical support to convince the reader of a certain way of thinking. Although many types of essays aim at persuading the reader to believe a specific point of view, argumentative essays rely heavily on hard evidence, drawing on other studies and sources to prove their argument is best.
Don’t let the name fool you: Argumentative essays don’t have to be aggressive or combative. Rather, it gets its name from the style of arguing, whereby the writer presents sufficient research to both support their own claim and invalidate opposing perspectives. When you’re writing an argumentative essay, remember that the goal is to show that your thesis is the only logical conclusion.
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Argumentative essays are only as good as their argument, and structuring good arguments requires a little more than just being stubborn (even if it helps!). Below, we run through the most useful techniques for writing the perfect argumentative essay. But don’t take our word for it—our evidence speaks for itself!
What is an argumentative essay?
Like persuasive essays and other types of essays , the point of argumentative essays is to convince the reader of a particular point of view. What makes an essay argumentative is the method of convincing: An argumentative essay uses fact-based evidence and unquestionable logic to prove that its thesis is true.
Persuasive essays do this, too, but tend to be more emotional and less formal . Argumentative essays focus more on concrete empirical data, whereas persuasive essays appeal more to the reader’s emotions. In other words, argumentative essays favor quantitative support, while persuasive essays favor qualitative support.
Likewise, it’s easy to confuse argumentative essays with expository essays , which rely heavily on fact-based evidence and copious research. The main difference is bias : Argumentative essays presume one point of view is correct, whereas expository essays usually present all sides of the argument and leave it to the reader to make up their own mind.
Another distinction of argumentative essays is that the thesis is not obvious . It usually has strong enough opposition to necessitate an explanation of why it’s wrong. For example, “the sky is blue on a sunny day” would be an awful thesis for an argumentative essay. Not only would it be redundant, but also far too simplistic: Your evidence may be “look outside,” and that’d be the end of it!
The idea is that an argumentative essay leaves no doubt that its thesis is accurate, usually by disproving or invalidating opposing theories. That’s why argumentative essays don’t just talk about the writer’s own thesis but discuss other contradicting points of view as well. It’s hard to name one perspective as “true” if you’re ignoring all the others.
Basic argumentative essay structure
Because your entire argumentative essay depends on how well you present your case, your essay structure is crucial. To make matters worse, the structure of argumentative essays is a little more involved than those of other essay types because you also have to address other points of view. This alone leads to even more considerations, like whose argument to address first, and at what point to introduce key evidence.
Let’s start with the most basic argumentative essay structure: the simple five-paragraph format that suits most short essays.
- Your first paragraph is your introduction , which clearly presents your thesis, sets up the rest of the essay, and maybe even adds a little intrigue.
- Your second, third, and fourth paragraphs are your body, where you present your arguments and evidence, as well as refute opposing arguments. Each paragraph should focus on either showcasing one piece of supporting evidence or disproving one contradictory opinion.
- Your fifth and final paragraph is your conclusion , where you revisit your thesis in the context of all preceding evidence and succinctly wrap up everything.
This simple structure serves you well in a pinch, especially for timed essays that are part of a test. However, advanced essays require more detailed structures, especially if they have a length requirement of over five paragraphs.
Advanced argumentative essay structure
Some essays need to support more complicated arguments and more definitive rebuttals than normal. In these cases, the three major formats below should serve your argumentative essay for a variety of needs.
When to use it: making straightforward arguments
The Aristotelian or classic argument is a default structure for a clear argument, more like an extension of the simple five-paragraph structure above. It draws on credibility ( ethos ), emotion ( pathos ), and reasoning ( logos ) to prove its points, all of which can be adapted for virtually any argument. In form, it follows a direct and logical path:
1 Introduce the problem.
2 Explain your perspective.
3 Explain your opponent’s perspective. Refute their points one-by-one as you go.
4 Present your evidence.
5 Conclude your argument.
When to use it: presenting complex issues with no clear truths or when your thesis is a rebuttal or counterargument.
The Toulmin method was developed to analyze arguments themselves, so it makes sense to use it for essays. Because it’s steeped in logic and deep analysis, this approach best suits complicated issues that need unraveling, but also works well for refuting an opposing point of view piece by piece.
In form, it includes six main areas, but you’re free to organize them in whatever order works best for your essay. Keep in mind that your claim can itself be a rebuttal of another argument, so your entire essay could be disproving another thesis rather than presenting your own.
1 Claim: your thesis or argument, stated clearly
2 Reasons: your evidence, including data or generally accepted facts
3 Warrant: the connection between your claim and reasons (requiring you to state assumptions explicitly so there’s no confusion)
4 Backing: additional evidence to support your claim
5 Qualifier: the limits to your own claim, including concessions
6 Rebuttal: addressing opposing viewpoints and criticisms of your claim
When to use it: showing both sides of an argument as valid or when presenting to a mixed audience.
The Rogerian method is simply a middle-ground approach, where you acknowledge the validity of both your thesis and the opposition’s viewpoint. It’s the least confrontational and most respectful, which helps in convincing readers who are naturally biased against your main claim. In form, it follows a five-step structure:
2 Explain your opponent’s perspective first. Validate their points when correct.
3 Explain your perspective.
4 Bring both sides together. Present a middle ground where both viewpoints coexist.
5 Conclude your (balanced) argument.
How to write a good thesis
The thesis, or argument, is the cornerstone of any good essay. If your thesis is weak or full of holes, not even a perfect essay structure can save you.
The thesis itself should be the one takeaway you want your readers to leave with. What are you trying to convince them of, or what do you want them to remember after reading? Knowing this informs all other aspects of writing your essay, including the best structure and format, not to mention which evidence to collect.
For starters, choose a topic you feel strongly about (if it’s not already assigned). It helps if your argument is specific; having a broad or general argument means more facets to examine, which can make for a wordy essay.
It also helps to consider your audience. You don’t always have to tell readers what they want to hear, but their biases should influence how you write your essay, including your wording and how much credit to give the opposition.
Above all, choose a thesis with sufficient evidence. Argumentative essays thrive on factual proof from credible sources, and you don’t want to waste time searching for data that doesn’t exist. If you can’t find enough facts to back up your thesis, maybe you shouldn’t argue that point in the first place.
How to write an argumentative essay: the writing process
Argumentative essays follow the same recommended writing process as other kinds of writing, albeit with more emphasis on researching and preparing. Here’s a brief overview of how to adapt the process for argumentative essays:
1 Brainstorming: If your argument is not provided in the assignment, take some time to think up a good thesis based on our guidelines above.
2 Preparing: This phase is for collecting all the evidence going into your essay, as well as writing an outline . Because proof is key to argumentative essays, set aside ample time for research until you have all the support you need. It’s also a good time to outline your essay, answering questions like when and how to discuss opposing viewpoints.
3 Drafting: Write a rough draft of your essay. It helps to include any data and direct quotes as early as possible, especially with argumentative essays that often cite outside sources.
4 Revising: Polish your rough draft, optimize word choice, and restructure your arguments if necessary. Make sure your language is clear and appropriate for the reader, and double-check that you effectively made all your points and rebuttals.
5 Proofreading : Go through your draft and focus exclusively on fixing mistakes. If you’re not confident in your grammar skills or diction, use Grammarly .
Although optional, it always helps to have a fresh set of eyes on your essays before finalizing it. See if your argument is strong enough to convince your friends!
Argumentative essay writing tips
Our tips for writing better essays apply just as well to argumentative essays as any others, so that’s the best place to start if you’re looking for additional guidance. For tips specific to argumentative essays, try these:
Support your argument with concrete facts
Although similar to persuasive essays, argumentative essays are in some ways the exact opposite. While persuasive essays appeal to the reader’s emotions, argumentative essays appeal to the reader’s reason. That’s why hard facts work best.
Do plenty of research until you have enough data to support each of your main points. Feel free to cite other sources or studies to improve your credibility as well. Try to withhold your personal opinions and feelings as much as possible—let your evidence speak for you.
Be proactive about language
In an argumentative essay, tone and style are more important than you may think, especially if you’re criticizing another person’s perspective. Be respectful when choosing your words and phrasing. Using an aggressive tone reflects worse on the writer than the target, even if rebutting a despicable point of view.
Use aids for style and grammar
Even the smallest typo can derail the most carefully planned argument. The problem is, it’s hard to formulate the best possible argument if you’re distracted by spelling and grammar.
Grammarly finds all of your writing mistakes for you so you can stay focused on what’s important. It even checks your tone and clarity to make sure your true argument always shines through and comes across as intended. See how Grammarly can help your next writing project by downloading it now.
How to Write an Argumentative Essay Conclusion
For anyone wondering how to write the conclusion of an argumentative essay, you’re in the right place. In this article, we’ll give you all of the information you need to know about writing your conclusion paragraph, and we’ll provide some example paragraphs to give you ideas.
Bear in mind that if you’re finding writing this a challenge, so will most other students! Once you know what your conclusion paragraph should look like, you’ll find it much easier to get started. Let’s start!
What Is an Argumentative Essay Conclusion ?
A conclusion paragraph for an argumentative essay is the last paragraph. It should be an overview of the points you have argued and should summarize your points about your thesis statement and the arguments you’ve made. Each argumentative conclusion must just present your final opinion on the matter. It should inform your readers and leave them with unambiguous ideas.
Essentially, writing a closure paragraph is the most important part. It’s what tells everyone what you discovered and what your thoughts on the matter are. The purpose is to close the essay by summarizing the main points. Your reader should know why your essay is important to them and might even be introduced to a “what next” idea.
Tips on How to Write a Conclusion for an Argumentative Essay
Generally speaking, you should write a sentence for each argument or point in your essay. Knowing how to conclude your writing is important. Writing an effective conclusion paragraph for an essay argumentative paper makes it good and informative.
You’ll need to identify your main arguments to write your thoughts. Another way of looking at it is by thinking of it as a paper outline in reverse. When all of your main arguments have been identified, you’ll need to decide which are the most important ones to highlight in the final paragraph. Though you should summarize all the key matters raised, you can highlight some points in particular about others.
In terms of styling, you’ll need to show you’re ending the main body of your essay and moving on to the final section. You can do this by reiterating your thesis. It’s important not to just do a simple rewording, but rather synthesize the arguments and emphasize their importance.
Here are some samples and tips on writing conclusions.
Argumentative essay conclusion outline – how to write a conclusion for an essay
Generally, you should format your paragraph in the following way:
- Beginning sentences
- Middle sentences
- Final sentences
Let’s look at what each of these means.
The beginning sentences of your paragraph will serve to show your reader that your entire essay is coming to a close and that you’re about to tie up loose ends. It’s a good idea here to restate the thesis. Simply trying to rephrase this well at the start is a good plan. You can buy an argumentative essay written by experts or just read samples to have a better understanding.
Your beginning sentence can show a transition from the main body with words like “ultimately” or “essentially”. It’s also fine to use the phrase “in conclusion”. Your reader will certainly know where you’re heading with this!
This part of your last should summarize the main point or key points of your essay. This works with various types of essays . You should use this concluding paragraph to state their importance and how they are linked with one another.
Your final sentences will summarize your main argument as the author and give your audience its final impression of your chosen area of study. You can also use your final sentences to add a clincher or a rhetorical question to create thoughts in the reader. This should also close the paper and connect it back to your introduction.
Wrapping up your paper is crucial. The whole point of your paper is to convince your readers about your thoughts and to make them understand your point of view. Though you’re essentially addressing readers, you don’t need to use the second person. Just like those essays for sale , some of the best papers are written entirely in the third person.
Connecting with your audience is also important, as you can try to illustrate what could happen or urge your reader to act on a particular point. What you write here is powerful, or at least it should be. You can read examples or use a website that writes papers for you . Just remember, show your reader that you’ve understood the thesis, done your research, and have a valid argument they need to notice.
Essay Conclusion Examples
It’s simple and easy if you know how to write a conclusion paragraph for an essay and format, but if you don’t, it can make writing your first draft a little tricky. In this section, we’ll show you an example or two so you can get an idea of the format and content of the last paragraphs.
Thesis: “Making decisions in aeronautical engineering is based on thousands of factors.”
“Among all the factors in decisions for aeronautics, human input, terrain, and Go/No Go decisions are the most crucial.”
“Although there are many external and internal factors that are incorporated into decision-making in aeronautics, the most important contribution is made by those stated herein. Thus, before making decisions, it is these factors that must be taken into consideration the most.”
“Consider how much multitasking needs to take place when aeronautical engineers are making their decisions.”
The finished paragraph:
“Among all the factors in decisions for aeronautics, human input, terrain, and Go/No Go decisions are the most crucial. Although there are many external and internal factors that are incorporated into decision-making in aeronautics, the most important contribution is made by those stated herein. Thus, before making decisions, it is these factors that must be taken into consideration the most. Consider how much multitasking needs to take place when aeronautical engineers are making their decisions.”
Thesis: “A pharmacist should be responsible for prescribing medicines for diagnosed medical conditions rather than a doctor.”
“Pharmacists have better knowledge of drugs and their formulas and know which drugs are most suitable for specific diagnosed diseases.”
“However, doctors are specialists in diagnosing specific medical conditions and so can also do the pharmacist’s role. The areas in which they specialize, though, are very different.”
“So, now we know how essential the pharmacist’s role is in prescribing drugs, instead of a doctor doing the pharmacist’s role.”
Pharmacists have better knowledge of drugs and their formulas and know about which drugs are most suitable for specific diagnosed diseases. However, doctors are specialists in diagnosing specific medical conditions and so can also do the pharmacist’s role. The areas in which they specialize, though, are very different. So, now we know how essential the pharmacist’s role is in prescribing drugs, instead of a doctor doing the pharmacist’s role.”
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How to Start a Conclusion
Last Updated: October 25, 2022 References
This article was co-authored by Diane Stubbs . Diane Stubbs is a Secondary English Teacher with over 22 years of experience teaching all high school grade levels and AP courses. She specializes in secondary education, classroom management, and educational technology. Diane earned a Bachelor of Arts in English from the University of Delaware and a Master of Education from Wesley College. This article has been viewed 142,902 times.
A persuasive essay, literary analysis, or research paper should include a thoughtful introduction and conclusion. The conclusion, when written correctly, gives the reader a summary and insights into the reasons for the subject's importance. You may also need to deliver a speech or presentation which needs a good conclusion. Many of the same principles apply, but you should tailor your conclusion carefully.
Things You Should Know
- For an essay, start with a transition sentence that references the original question, avoiding phrases like "in conclusion."
- Go beyond a simple summary, exploring how every point in your essay connects and the significance of your essay question.
- In a presentation, indicate that you’re finishing up and return to the initial question, giving a summary with enthusiasm and conviction.
Writing Template and Sample Conclusion
Writing a Conclusion for an Essay or Paper
- To help you achieve this fluency, you should start with a sentence that links the conclusion to the main body of the text.  X Research source
- This might be a statement that reflects the content of your essay but connects your essay to the wider points that your conclusion will then go on to briefly discuss.
- The sentence "A sense of the impermanence of human achievement permeates this poem", indicates a transition to the conclusion by articulating the key argument in one sentence.
- For example, what if the essay question asks you "to what extent did the Battle of Monte Casino change the course of the Second World War"?
- Here, you could begin with a sentence such as "The Battle of Monte Casino was a crucial moment that reflected the shifting dynamic of WWII, but did not in itself turn the tide of the war".
- A short summary can be useful in a longer essay, but do not simply restate what you have said in the same terms.  X Research source
- Rather, indicate your key points while situating them within a larger context, which displays a deeper understanding and potentially opens up new lines of inquiry.
- In your conclusion structure, this discussion of the broader implications should follow the transition sentences and the explanation of how the different elements of your argument fit together.  X Research source
- This could include universalizing the topic of essay, making a connection to a contemporary issue, or providing a call to action.
Concluding a Presentation or Speech
- Phrases such as "in conclusion", and "to summarise", which you wouldn't use in a written essay, can be useful for a spoken presentation.
- Indicating that you are about to conclude will encourage your listeners to focus on what you are about to say.  X Research source
- For example, you could ask yourself the main question at the start of the conclusion. "So, how do I suggest we improve our sales in the Mid-West?" before going on provide a summary of your key points.
- Generally, listening to a presentation will be more passive than reading an essay, so it is more beneficial to summarise your key points in the conclusion of a spoken presentation.
- The last things your audience hear will most likely be what they take away with them, so be sure all your key points are covered in the conclusion.
- You might also include a short anecdote that supports your argument and acts as a call to action to the other people in the room.
- A strong ending can make a personal connection with the audience, by demonstrating how you can resolve a problem for the audience member.  X Research source
- Using an action verb in your final sentence can highlight exactly how you want your audience to respond.
- For example, when John F. Kennedy said, "Ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do or your country," he was encouraging action from the audience.  X Research source
- Finishing this way both demonstrates your personal conviction and indicates that you think your ideas should be followed up.
You Might Also Like
- ↑ http://www.writing.ucsb.edu/faculty/donelan/concl.html
- ↑ http://writingcenter.fas.harvard.edu/pages/ending-essay-conclusions
- ↑ http://leo.stcloudstate.edu/acadwrite/conclude.html
- ↑ http://www.businessinsider.com/worst-ways-to-end-a-presentation-2014-7
- ↑ http://www.ethos3.com/2014/12/the-best-way-to-end-a-professional-presentation/
About This Article
To start a conclusion for an essay, begin with a reference to the original question. If, for example, the essay question asks “How did the Battle of Monte Casino change the course of WWII?”, start with “The Battle of Monte Casino was a crucial moment that reflected the shifting dynamic of WWII.” Additionally, start your conclusion in a natural way, without obvious transitions like "In conclusion." For example, begin with "A sense of the impermanence of human achievement..." instead of, "In conclusion, a sense of the impermanence.." For more advice from our English reviewer, including how to write a conclusion for a presentation or speech, keep reading. Did this summary help you? Yes No
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Argumentative essay conclusion The internet has had a major positive impact on the world of education; occasional pitfalls aside, its value is evident in numerous applications. The future of teaching lies in the possibilities the internet opens up for communication, research, and interactivity.
An argumentative essay ends with a conclusion that summarizes and reflects on the arguments made in the body. No new arguments or evidence appear here, but in longer essays you may discuss the strengths and weaknesses of your argument and suggest topics for future research.
Conclusions may also call for action or overview future possible research. The following outline may help you conclude your paper: In a general way, Restate your topic and why it is important, Restate your thesis/claim, Address opposing viewpoints and explain why readers should align with your position,
To establish a sense of closure, you might do one or more of the following: Conclude by linking the last paragraph to the first, perhaps by reiterating a word or phrase you used at the beginning. Conclude with a sentence composed mainly of one-syllable words. Simple language can help create an effect of understated drama.
A conclusion to an argumentative essay must go through various steps. The foremost will be the entry sentence. Then, restate your main idea and critical points from your writing. You can add a question or two, but it depends on the flow of your text. Note how it reads and make sure everything sounds smooth and the transition is flawless.
The three components of the conclusion for an argumentative essay is: restating the thesis summarizing the supporting paragraphs creating a final, general statement The thesis statement is the...
Step 2: Search for Argumentative Essay Templates (Option 2) You can also try finding argumentative essay templates using the search box. In the search box, just type "argumentative essay" or "argumentative essay templates.". There's also a possibility that other types of essay templates will show up such as research paper essays and ...
Also, a conclusion in the argumentative essay can highlight the central idea once again. That will not only help you end the writing logically but show your attention to details and competence in academic standards. When people read lengthy argumentative essays, they can easily lose their bearings.
Essay Structure. Writing an academic essay means fashioning a coherent set of ideas into an argument. Because essays are essentially linear—they offer one idea at a time—they must present their ideas in the order that makes most sense to a reader. Successfully structuring an essay means attending to a reader's logic.
A conclusion is usually last paragraph of your essay (specifically speaking, argumentative essay) or any piece of writing, which summarizes the entire piece of writing, the thesis statement, and the arguments made in it. It also tends to inform the readers, the importance of your essay and tends to leave them in a state that is unambiguous.
What is global warming in an argumentative essay? Answer: The rapid growth of global warming due to human activities is the global warming in an argumentative essay. Question 3. How do you write a climate change essay? Answer: Starts with an introduction, the main concept, and a conclusion which is the best part to write your opinion. Question 4.
The conclusion needs to act as a reminder, stating why your viewpoint matters. Remember this is your last chance to convince the reader about your chosen argument. That said, don't get down to summarizing the entire essay. What is essential is readdressing your point of view in the most convincing manner. Discuss Possible Implications
There are a few things that you should definitely strive to avoid when writing your conclusion paragraph. These elements will only cheapen your overall argument and belabor the obvious. Here are several conclusion mishaps to consider: Avoid phrases like "in summary," "in conclusion," or "to sum up."
An argumentative essay uses facts, data, and logical reasoning to substantiate a specific stance on any given topic. They are typically structured to "build an argument," with a clear thesis statement, unambiguous conclusion, and as much evidential support as needed.
An argumentative essay is an essay that uses evidence and facts to support the claim it's making. Its purpose is to persuade the reader to agree with the argument being made. A good argumentative essay will use facts and evidence to support the argument, rather than just the author's thoughts and opinions.
When you're writing a persuasive essay, you need more than just an opinion to make your voice heard. Even the strongest stance won't be compelling if it's not structured properly and reinforced with solid reasoning and evidence. Learn what elements every argumentative essay should include and how to structure it depending on your audience in this easy step-by-step guide.
The conclusion is the final paragraph of an essay. It should generally take up no more than 10-15% of the text. A strong essay conclusion: Returns to your thesis; Ties together your main points; Shows why your argument matters; A great conclusion should finish with a memorable or impactful sentence that leaves the reader with a strong final ...
6 Types of argumentative essay hooks. There are 6 types of argumentative essay hooks you can use to grab the attention of your audience: Quotation or citation hooks. Factual hooks. Personal experience hook. Question hook. Case study hook. Definition hook. Below is a detailed analysis of the 6 hooks for essays listed above with examples on how ...
Argument Summary and Analysis: Based on Chapter 9 of All About Love, I believe bell hooks would view the protests in Iran as a necessary form of resistance against systemic oppression. Her argument for this would be as follows: Main Conclusion: The protests in Iran represent a form of resistance against systemic oppression. Premise 1:
3 Drafting: Write a rough draft of your essay. It helps to include any data and direct quotes as early as possible, especially with argumentative essays that often cite outside sources. 4 Revising: Polish your rough draft, optimize word choice, and restructure your arguments if necessary. Make sure your language is clear and appropriate for the ...
How to write a conclusion. An effective conclusion is created by following these steps: 1. Restate the thesis. An effective conclusion brings the reader back to the main point, reminding the reader of the purpose of the essay. However, avoid repeating the thesis verbatim. Paraphrase your argument slightly while still preserving the primary point.
A conclusion paragraph for an argumentative essay is the last paragraph. It should be an overview of the points you have argued and should summarize your points about your thesis statement and the arguments you've made. Each argumentative conclusion must just present your final opinion on the matter.
1. Start with a transition sentence. If you are writing a conclusion to an essay or paper for school or college, it's important to understand the functions of the conclusion. Your conclusion shouldn't only restate the main points of your argument in a way that is disconnected from the rest of the text.