article response essay example


Goals and Goal Setting

Goals Common to All RST Writers

Other Goals to Consider

Defining My Own Goals

Advice about Assignments

Getting Started: Listing Topics to Write about in the Tutorial

Narrative One: Personal Piece on a Significant Experience

Narrative Two: Academic Piece on a Significant Experience

Summary/Response One

Summary/Response Two

Tutorial Evaluation Postscript

On Using the Resources for Writers

Generating and Developing Ideas

Finding/Expressing Main Ideas

Showing v. Telling Sentences

Focusing Topic Sentences

Thesis Statements

Reading Strategies

Assessing Your Reading Strategies


Writing Effective Summary and Response Essays

Discourse Analysis Worksheet

Trade Magazines

Selecting Readings

A summary is a concise paraphrase of all the main ideas in an essay. It cites the author and the title (usually in the first sentence); it contains the essay's thesis and supporting ideas; it may use direct quotation of forceful or concise statements of the author's ideas; it will NOT usually cite the author's examples or supporting details unless they are central to the main idea. Most summaries present the major points in the order that the author made them and continually refer back to the article being summarized (i.e. "Damon argues that ..." or "Goodman also points out that ... "). The summary should take up no more than one-third the length of the work being summarized.

The Response:

A response is a critique or evaluation of the author's essay. Unlike the summary, it is composed of YOUR opinions in relation to the article being summarized. It examines ideas that you agree or disagree with and identifies the essay's strengths and weaknesses in reasoning and logic, in quality of supporting examples, and in organization and style. A good response is persuasive; therefore, it should cite facts, examples, and personal experience that either refutes or supports the article you're responding to, depending on your stance.

Two Typical Organizational Formats for Summary/Response Essays:

1. Present the summary in a block of paragraphs, followed by the response in a block:

Intro/thesis Summary (two to three paragraphs) Agreement (or disagreement) Disagreement (or agreement) Conclusion

Note: Some essays will incorporate both agreement and disagreement in a response, but this is not mandatory.

2. Introduce the essay with a short paragraph that includes your thesis. Then, each body paragraph summarizes one point and responds to it, and a conclusion wraps the essay up.

Intro/thesis Summary point one; agree/disagree Summary point two; agree/disagree Summary point three; agree/disagree Conclusion

How to Write a Response Paper

Most of the time when you are tasked with an essay about a book or article you've read for a class, you will be expected to write in a professional and impersonal voice. But the regular rules change a bit when you write a response paper.

A response (or reaction) paper differs from the formal review primarily in that it is written in the first person . Unlike in more formal writing, the use of phrases like "I thought" and "I believe" is encouraged in a response paper. 

You'll still have a thesis and will need to back up your opinion with evidence from the work, but this type of paper spotlights your individual reaction as a reader or viewer.

Read and Respond

Grace Fleming

For a response paper, you still need to write a formal assessment of the work you're observing (this could be anything created, such as a film, a work of art, a piece of music, a speech, a marketing campaign, or a written work), but you will also add your own personal reaction and impressions to the report.

The steps for completing a reaction or response paper are:

It may be helpful to imagine yourself watching a movie review as you're preparing your outline. You will use the same framework for your response paper: a summary of the work with several of your own thoughts and assessments mixed in.

The First Paragraph

article response essay example

After you have established an outline for your paper, you need to craft the first draft of the essay using all the basic elements found in any strong paper, including a strong introductory sentence .

In the case of a reaction essay, the first sentence should contain both the title of the work to which you are responding and the name of the author.

The last sentence of your introductory paragraph should contain a thesis statement . That statement will make your overall opinion very clear.

Stating Your Opinion

article response essay example

There's no need to feel shy about expressing your own opinion in a position paper, even though it may seem strange to write "I feel" or "I believe" in an essay. 

In the sample here, the writer analyzes and compares the plays but also manages to express personal reactions. There's a balance struck between discussing and critiquing the work (and its successful or unsuccessful execution) and expressing a reaction to it.

Sample Statements

When writing a response essay, you can include statements like the following:

Tip : A common mistake in personal essays it to resort to insulting comments with no clear explanation or analysis. It's OK to critique the work you are responding to, but you still need to back up your feelings, thoughts, opinions, and reactions with concrete evidence and examples from the work. What prompted the reaction in you, how, and why? What didn't reach you and why?

article response essay example

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What Response Essays Are and How to Tackle Them

Writing a response essay might seem like a challenging task at first. Firstly, you need to understand to a great extent what the study that you are responding to is talking about and then make sure that you write an insightful, true to the source essay about it. Even if you need to write a response essay as part of your homework for faculty studies or high school assignments or you want to exercise your argumentative skills, it might seem like a lot of work at first. However, having in mind a clear structure of your future response essay is essential.

Before beginning to go through the main structure points that you need to check when writing a response essay, there are some tips that you need to know and that will help you lay your thoughts on paper in a more efficient way. First of all, after reading the essay or the article that you are responding to, you need to settle on whether you want to attack the ideas presented in that article or to agree with them. Based on that, you will structure the components of your response essay. For example, if your response essay is talking about protecting the environment and you want to show your agreement with the ideas presented in the original essay, then you should build your response essay around the idea of consolidating the thoughts in the main source.

Secondly, it is important that your readers clearly understand your position after reading your response essay. This means that you need to expose all possible arguments which might strengthen or attack the ideas presented in the main article. In order for you to achieve a strong position, it might be helpful to also expose a personal experience that can be related to the topic you are writing an essay about. This will not only make your argument points stronger but will also help your readers empathize with your writing. Also, it is important that you keep in mind that your response essay should be a response to something you have read, something that is a hot topic at the moment in various social contexts or something that has been debated for a long time and you want to present a new approach to things.

You also have to keep in mind that the more knowledge you show to your audience in your response essay about the author and the topic that is being debated, the more credibility you will gain. Read some cause or effect essay topics to get inspired. This is why it is important to also present a context in your response essay, such as details about the author and the paper you are choosing to respond to. Finally, after debating the ideas of the original text, you can also choose to talk about the effectiveness of the source text. It can be about how the main paper managed to reach the audience, if the writing style was effective, and how the author you are responding to had chosen to expose their ideas.

If we were to summarize the main points you should keep in mind before starting to tackle the components of a response essay, these would be:

Get Started: Write an Introduction

One important thing when writing a response essay is the way you structure the introduction. This is one of the key parts of your essay, as it embodies the topic you are about to debate and the premises you are basing your essay on. The introduction will make your audience decide if they want to keep reading your response essay or not. This is why it is important that you keep in mind the following tips:

It might be the case that the source article that you are about to discuss contains several parts or has different ideas which can be debated and your response article refers only to a part of them. In this case, don’t forget to also mention this. Do not forget that you need to keep it short and catchy.

How to Make Your Introduction Catchy – Introduction Ideas

Writing a catchy introduction that will make your reader read the whole response article is challenging. This is why you will find here some ideas to start with, such as:

You might even want to combine some of these ideas and write your introduction based on an example and a statistic or any other possible combination. Whatever you choose, make sure it stays to the point and is catchy to the eye of the reader.

How You Can Connect Introduction to Conclusion

Another important aspect that you need to consider when writing your introduction to the response essay is that you need to somehow connect it to the conclusion. In order for you to achieve a perfectly cyclic response essay, you need to find a way to make the two feel correspondent. This will help your response essay have a “frame” and will help your writing style be more efficient.

It might be a bit difficult at first to start with an introduction and end with a conclusion that are connected, mostly if you want to write very long and thorough response essays. However, one important suggestion that might help is to always make sure that before starting off your response essay, you are clear about the ideas and position you want to present. This will help you avoid changing your position as you advance in writing your essay and make your introduction and conclusion connected, giving a sense of symmetry to your text.

Below you can find some examples of how you can connect your introduction with the conclusion:

How to Write a Strong Thesis

After making sure that you have caught your readers’ attention, it is all about making it clear to them what your position regarding the source article is. However, you should also provide a context to your response article by mentioning details about the author and the main ideas in the article that you have chosen to respond to. It can be that you are choosing to respond only partially, to a few of the ideas presented there, so this is the reason why it is important to clearly state the ideas of the article you want to respond to. Make sure to give an account of whatever it is debated in the article, by presenting the information in an objective way. At this point, it is more important for your readers to understand what you are trying to agree or disagree with than hear your personal opinion. Also, exposing the ideas of the source text in an objective, impersonal way will help your readers decide for themselves if the position you are taking is one that they would take or not.

Afterwards, it is vital that you expose what is known as “thesis statement” by allocating one paragraph in which you clearly state if you agree or disagree with the main topic presented in the source text. This should start with “I agree/I don’t agree with” and should be followed by a short and powerful message about the main reason why you are taking this position regarding that text.

The next step is to talk more about the reasons you are considering attacking or agreeing with the ideas presented in the original text. This can be done by either reviewing what the author is saying or just expanding on the main ideas. You can, for example, try to understand why the author has reached a certain conclusion that you are debating by trying to relate it to the author’s background or career. It can be that the author has chosen to promote oil drilling because they work in a factory that wants to make this process a sustainable one. It is important that you stay true to your debate and present the situation from both points of view: yours and the author’s.

How to Respond to Articles – Ideas

After tackling the introduction and the conclusion, the main body of your response essay is left to deal with. This is mainly the way in which you choose to present the source text and where you are standing regarding it. It is up to you if you choose to agree or disagree, however, what you have to keep in mind is that you need to be consistent and stay true to the topic you have chosen to debate.

One way to do that is to map the main three components of the response essay, namely, the introduction, body, and conclusion. Here are some helpful suggestions on how to structure your responding ideas:

How to Better Structure the Body of the Response Essay

Make sure to utilize evidence to back-up your thesis. In order to do this, you can use quotes, author tags or simply rely on other readings and give references.

Make sure that you achieve a personal voice throughout the text. This can be done by differentiating yourself from the author and using author tags.

By using author tags, you communicate to your readers the fact that it is the author you are responding to who has a certain idea or it is their article that makes this reference. You can use any of these suggestions when talking about someone’s article:

Write a Conclusion Your Readers Won’t Forget

One important thing to keep in mind when writing a conclusion to your response essay is that you shouldn’t repeat the arguments in the same form in which you have presented them in the body. Offering a conclusion to your response article is still needed, as this will help your readers make a clear decision whether they agree or disagree with the ideas presented in your response essay.

Besides making sure that your essay is built around a very powerful introduction and a conclusion that sums up the main ideas of your position regarding this essay, you can also:

A Brief Summary of How a Response Essay Should Look Like

Keeping everything in mind, the essential parts of a response essay and the main suggestions that you have to keep in mind when starting to write are:

How to Write a Compelling Comparative Essay

article response essay example

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How to Write a Strong Response Essay

Woman writing a strong response essay

A response essay is your opinion of a work, including but not limited to songs, books, poems, films, and art. Response essays include two parts. Not only will you provide an overview of the work, but you'll share your response to it as well. Get an outline of the process for how to write a response essay from the prewriting to the final piece.

How to Write a Response Essay

A response essay seems like it would be easy, right? It’s just your opinion about a work. However, response essay writing has several parts.

Select a Topic

Before you even begin writing your essay , think about the topic you want to cover. Response essays can be about anything. Check out different media, such as art, music, and literature, to see which you’re most passionate about and can provide the best response for. Choosing something enjoyable can make the task of writing a response piece much easier.

Record Thoughts & Reactions

With a topic at hand, give it a critical listen, viewing, or read. For example, for a song, listen to it again. While listening, record your reactions. Keep these different questions in mind:

These questions can be modified based on the piece. For example, for a piece of art, look more at the colors or type of art and how this creates different reactions. For a piece of literature or a film, examine the plot devices and characters and how they worked cohesively.

The point is to start thinking critically about the work and your response. This will help in the creation of the thesis.

Create a Thesis Statement

A good thesis statement packs a lot of punch into a small sentence. It provides an overview of the opinions you plan to convey. For example, if your response to a song was horrible, state that in your thesis along with the points you will make to show it was horrible.

Thesis statements aren’t concrete. As you begin molding your essay, you might find your thesis statement changing and morphing. This is completely okay. As you summarize the work and your response, you may start to see something you missed.

Creating an Outline & Writing Your Paper

An outline isn’t a necessity. However, it’ll make the process of writing the actual paper easier because everything will be ready. The paper has four basic components.

Your outline doesn’t have to be neat. But using a keyword or sentence outline structure can ensure all the thoughts and ideas are in order.

Tips for Writing a Response Essay

All the prep you’ve put in will now pay off! Keep these points in mind as you write.

Writing a Response Essay

Compared to descriptive and expository essays , a response essay is relatively easy because you’re talking about your feelings. However, they still take a lot of work. Follow all the steps to make sure you get that A!

article response essay example

Related Topics

How to Write a Summary and Response Essay

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Very often students are required to perform different academic assignments during their educational process, such as writing an analysis, thesis, research papers, various articles, and essays, etc. For many students writing an essay is a chance to demonstrate their abilities as the author, authenticity, and freshness of their thinking.

If we are talking about the skills to summarize, generalize the main ideas, make some conclusions and transfer it into the essay in your own words, summary and response kinds of essay take the significant place here. So let’s take a look at these types of the essay in more details.

The summary is a shortened version of text presentation. The key function of the summary is to convey the subject and the main ideas of the author of the article, scientific or literature work, its most important theses and differences from other articles of the same subject. In other words, it is a combination of short content and objective characterization of the text.

Its purpose is to attract the attention of the reader, to awaken the reader’s interest by combining the essence of the work with the minimum amount of language tools. Thanks to the summary the reader gets an opportunity to make a tentative presentation about the unfamiliar to him work or article and find the necessary information in it. A good summary should demonstrate the features of the article in terms of its purpose and content, novelty, relevance, and uniqueness to the audience, without quoting and retelling the text of the author.

A Response is a brief form of written evaluation or critique of the work that contains conclusions and comments of the person from the audience. The core function of the response is to attract the attention of the audience to the principal points and questions of certain work, give an objective assessment of the author and leave the own impression. A strong response analyzes the ideas you agree or disagree with, and determines the strong and weak sites of the essay in accordance with logic, style, text organization and quality of a thesis statement and supporting examples.

In contrast to review, the response provides a general description of the work without a detailed analysis, but it includes practical tips. Also, it should be written in a first person, with using such expressions, as “I think,” “I believe,” “As for me,” etc.

Steps in Writing

In order to write an effective summary or response essay, it is important that students have a good understanding of the material they are working on, so it is worth considering the stages of working on the text. There are the following steps:

Here are some tips to make your writing more effective and more interesting to the audience:

Two Typical Formats for Summary/Response Essays

There are the following requirements for the structure and content of summary and response essays:

Summary essay template

Example of a summary and response essay

Here are some examples of how to write summary and response essay to the article:

«What Running Can’t Do for You» by James F. Fixx

Summary: In his article entitled «What Running Can’t Do for You» James F. Fixx criticizes those who talk about running as if it were a religion. The author maintains that there is an obvious and significant difference between these two pursuits. The runner, he observes, is interested in himself and is running for his own improvement and satisfaction, while traditional religion has to do with «caring about other people, or with compassion or with self-sacrifice» While Fixx agrees that running is a worthwhile hobby, he nevertheless concludes his article with a plea to the reader to accept running for what it can do, but not to confuse this sport with more spiritual and ethical activities.

Response: In this article, «What Running Can’t Do for You» James F. Fixx attempts to persuade the reader not to exaggerate the benefits of running. Because the author was an avid jogger who had written books and articles publicizing the value of jogging, a reader may very likely anticipate that this article, too, was written to encourage the reader may very likely anticipate that this article, too, was written to encourage the reader to take up Fixx’s favorite sport. Consequently, in his title, the author already alerts the reader to expect something different. The title, «What Running Can’t Do for You» indicates that, in this article, the author is going to suggest some limitations to running which he would like the reader to consider.

Why does Fixx say that treating running as a religion is «silly» and perhaps even «slightly dangerous»? We can see the answer to this question when we consider his comparison of religion and running and when we note his assumptions about religion.

Analyzing the reasons why some people have confused running with religion, the author draws on his own personal experience, pointing out that running does make the individual «feel better, look better, have more energy, and think more clearly.»

Clearly, Fixx admits that the benefits from running are considerable. However, he is concerned that when we go so far as to equate running with religion, we «deflect our attention from concerns that are far more important than getting into a pair of Adidases and breathing hard before breakfast.» Thus, the author concludes his essay with a plea to the reader to accept running for what it can do and not elevate it to a religious activity.

So, the summary is a brief, concise presentation of the material or a synthesis of the main ideas of the author presented in any source of information. Response unlike the summary gives the objective evaluation of a certain article. The ability to write a good, competent summary shows that a person has achieved a maximum understanding of the meaning of the article, that he is able to single out the main ideas of the author and is able to convey his understanding of what he has read.

Besides, a properly compiled summary or response essay to the article is a guarantee that the reader will definitely want to get acquainted.

This essay was written by a fellow student. You may use it as a guide or sample for writing your own paper, but remember to cite it correctly . Don’t submit it as your own as it will be considered plagiarism.

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How to Write a Summary and Response Essay. (2018, Dec 26). Retrieved from

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Article Response - Essay Example

Article Response

Extract of sample "Article Response"

Insert Article Response Article What I agree with In my opinion, people are now more creative and have awider variety of topics to share with the society they live in. All the issues in the society are addressed by the pop music the youth listen. For example, not all the youths or music in pop talks about sex and drugs. Some educate people of the bad norms in the society and even give solution to the problems faced.Pop culture defined life to the youth 50 years ago. I agree on the point that pop/youth cultural influences have dramatically changed in their own ways over the course of time, but the basic nature and foundation have stayed the same as artists now are still talking about the same or similar things just in different contexts.

However, not only the artist but also the society, in general, has changed in the content of their discussions and language. What I disagree withPop culture is inspired by that of the older generation. Youth culture was not only inspired by the older generation but other issues also contributed to the existence of the pop culture 50 years ago. For example, compulsory education made the interaction of the adults and the youth less often and, therefore, the creation of the youth culture because they shared experiences and meanings for things affecting them.

This pop culture has values, which are conflicting the earlier generations. Each generation has their own set of social, political, economic and ideological conditions. They share some or common experiences therefore behavior; expectations and values are very different from each other. The evolution of youth culture is significant and very interesting; that is why I disagree that the pop culture now is not significant because of the artist running out of things to say. Article 2What I agree withThe Rolling Stone culture was intended to be the barometer of the artistic taste and political sensibilities of the student generation.

The success was because of its ability to cover constantly changing politics, music and culture. The magazine offers indebt political stories, for example, the wild and terrifying inside story of America’s war in Afghanistan. The magazine served as the platform in which the Americans could discuss issues ranging from politics music and culture. What I disagree withIt exposed the culture of the senior American military and how they were involved in the war. These were the things affecting them now, and it was best discussed in a public arena like the rolling stone magazine.

People used the magazine to express their displeasure of the war and the effects it brought to them as citizens of America.


Service marketing of hotel industry, a critical response to gillian ransons article about right time to have a baby, critical response to article by karl hostetler, job satisfaction between experienced medical-surgical nurses, learning as changing participation: discourse roles in esl writing conferences, connection between sexual activity and urinary incontinence, nisbette and wilsons article, response evaluation.

article response essay example

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How to write a critical response essay

article response essay example

A critical response essay, ( also referred to as a critical reaction essay ), is an important tool in college used by lecturers to gauge what students know and understand on a given topic. When students have been assigned to write a critical response essay, they are expected to respond with an in-depth analysis of the article, giving their opinion on it based on their understanding of the background information that was provided along with any other necessary information they may be aware of. This is the most effective way for instructors and lecturers to tell whether or not their students understood the lecture material well enough that they can now apply it in a meaningful manner

Let us now define critical response essay:

What is a critical response essay?

A critical response essay is type of an essay in which a student offers her/his own critical reflection on either a book, movie or any other relevant piece of literature. The essay offers the opinion and evaluation of the object’s content and structure, so that it may help you to better understand the work. Remember, this kind of essays are not to be copied from somewhere else; they are entirely based on your thoughts about an issue.

White paper

The first reason as to why it is important to learn how to write a critical response essay stems from the fact that in order to effectively write any paper one must thoroughly review and analyze its subject matter beforehand. This process allows you to gain insight into what exactly you should write about and how you will structure your paper, so that it flows logically.

Essays are a learning tools where you can let loose your creativity, voice your own opinions and thoughts. This is why the creation of a critical response essay is not a simple task to accomplish. You must dive into the world of books or movies in order to conduct an effective analysis of them and find new perspectives no one else has noticed before or at least share yours with other people in a way they can easily relate to.

Critical response essays require thorough research, deep understanding of the issue under question as well as creative approach towards it, since after all this kind of papers are centered around personal opinion rather than strictly following some academic standards.

All in all, a critical response essay should be based on thorough analysis of the work’s content and structure (or other relevant aspects). It must also provide the reader with one’s own opinion about the issue under question, so that they could relate to your ideas. The instructions and requirements for this type of custom essays are very specific and you will find more detailed information on how to compose them in our writers’ guidelines.

Now, let’s review the process of writing our essay below.

How to Write a Critical Response Essay

Here are the steps involved when writing a good critical response essay. These steps are not to be followed word by word, rather they should act as an aid when you need it most. If you follow this guide, you will be in a better position to write grade winning college response essay .

Here are the steps:

Step 1: Familiarize yourself with the topic.

Get familiar with the requirements of your teacher and focus on them; they will most likely include some or all of the following elements: a specific book, movie, play, a particular theme(s) to be discussed as well as its background information. Read through the entire work under question and make sure you understand what exactly is being discussed in it;

For example find out whether this is a fictional or non-fictional piece and who was its author. The more knowledge you gather about the subject matter before starting writing your paper, the easier it will be for you to provide an effective analysis.

Step 2: Notes collection:

Collect notes and information about this work, book, movie that might be relevant while writing your paper;

for example read critics’ reviews or view additional online materials, like movie trailers, so that you can expand on the argumentation in your essay.

Step 3: Analyze all aspects of the issue:

Get ready to analyze every aspect of the issue: content, structure, theme(s), background information as well as personal opinions of experts and writers (you can use one of them as a source for citing if you want).

This is the stage when you should be most creative and think outside the box in order to find new perspectives no one else has explored or presented before.

Step 4: Collect and analyse sources:

Collect at least 5-7 sources of all kinds: books, journals , articles etc., which are relevant to the subject and support your arguments in a way that is consistent with the topic of your essay.

Always make sure that you cite them properly using MLA or APA style formats; otherwise, it will be considered plagiarism and you could get into serious trouble later on.

Step 5: Start writing:

Start off by introducing the work, book, or movie briefly by saying what exactly it is about, who was its author (if known), why do they think this particular piece should be read or watched etc. Make sure you specify the title of this work from the beginning.

Next, proceed by analyzing different aspects of this work: content, structure , main theme(s) and information related to background details either introduced in book or movie (or play) itself or elaborated by experts/other writers.

This step can be further divided into two more sub-steps;

In the first one you should try to provide a deep analysis of these aspects, possibly supported by examples from the work and then proceed to draw conclusions about them; additionally, make sure that your arguments are consistent with the requirements of your teacher.

On the other hand, if you believe that some elements of the work require additional explanation please elaborate on them further.

In this part of your essay it is also important to discuss any possible controversies or discrepancies associated with main theme(s) of this paper , thus allowing readers to better understand it. One way to do so is through personal opinion based on knowledge gained while reviewing different sources (if there is an opinion of an expert you can use, his or her thoughts and ideas are most welcome).

Now it is time to summarize everything that has been said before: make sure to introduce what the main theme(s) of this work were and then proceed by wrapping up all your points; additionally, you can provide a short outline of the situation as well as relate these points back to its overall context.

Finally, always keep in mind that purpose of critical response essay isn’t simply to analyze something but rather present new perspectives on current issues; therefore, never hesitate when showing off your knowledge!

Step 6: Revise your essay:

Once you have finished writing make sure to read it over and find out whether all aspects of your paper are consistent with the argumentation provided in them.

It is important to check that all facts are accurate, there aren’t any spelling/grammatical mistakes as well as ensure that you haven’t plagiarized someone else’s work. If using directly quoted sources (books, journals, articles), make sure they are cited properly either through parenthesis or footnotes at the bottom of each page.

When done proofreading go back and re-read your essay as if you were your teacher;

make sure that everything is clear for readers: transition from one statement to another should be logical and coherent. If necessary add additional outlines and explanations to make sure that the main idea behind your argumentation is properly conveyed to readers.

Step 7: Make final adjustments:

Once you are satisfied with everything that has been said, it is time to check whether all necessary elements of critical response essay have been included (i.e., introduction, conclusion and bibliography).

Make sure these elements support each other and help you explain your points in an efficient way possible; additionally, ensure that all sources used in your paper are cited correctly using either parenthesis or footnotes placed at the bottom of each page in a standardized formatting style (MLA or APA).

Thus making process easier for readers who wish to pursue further study into this issue.

Structure of a critical response essay

The structure of a good critical response essay or reaction paper is pretty easy to follow. It’s a lot easier than you might think to write an effective essay of this type, and it will also help you in your academic life later (where the professor expects well-written critical essays).Here is a structure for a 5 paragraph critical response essay:


The introduction briefly mention the author’s contentions (the arguments in the article) and your findings about it (refer to specific information or examples that support why you have reached these conclusions). The purpose of this is to help give context for what the reader will be reading next and also to show how you interpreted piece of writing.

Body paragraphs

Body paragraph 1.

In this paragraph, you want discuss some main ideas found in the passage/article. Be sure to use quotations and evidence from textbook or other sources as proof while you are giving your interpretation on their meaning(s). Be sure to connect your sentences together by using transitions like “First”, “Second”, or “Moreover” so make sure you have good transitions as a flow of your paper.

Body Paragraph 2

This paragraph is pretty much the same concept as body paragraph 1, but different evidence/quotes will be used to show how you reached these conclusions in this paragraph. Again, use transitions like “First”, “Second”, or “Moreover”. It is also important to note that after each quote there should be a comma, so make sure when you are typing up your paper, you properly format it by pressing enter after each quote and before writing another sentence; otherwise the reader will get confused with what you are trying to say.

Body Paragraph 3

This paragraph is similar to the previous paragraphs; however, in this paragraph you are going to talk about how a specific quotation/evidence used in those previous body paragraphs supports your interpretation of that quote/evidence. You can include your counter-arguments here

You want to restate why you stated earlier about how (the author’s) position makes sense and how you (the reader) have reached the conclusion that what he/she is saying makes sense.

Sources Page

You want to include a sentence about where you got your information from. Be sure to use correct MLA or APA referencing formatting when you cite your sources in the text of the paper, not just at the end where all your works cited page would go.

Example Template – How to write a critical response essay to an article

When you have been asked to write a critical article response essay, one of the things that you’ll want to write is a good introduction, as well as three body paragraphs.

The most difficult part in writing the critical article response essay will be structuring your paper correctly by having an effective introduction and conclusion – which are both extremely important for this essay type – along with three well-written paragraphs which discuss your findings on how the author has reached his/her argument.

This is what your article critical response essay needs:


A couple of sentences that gives the reader some insight into your opinion about the topic. Explain why you are writing about this article/subject. Give at least one reason why someone else might be interested in reading it- after all, they are reading your paper!

Here is where the background information that was mentioned earlier gets used; however, this section should go further than just introducing readers to background info about the article topic. You need to keep in mind that when structuring your introduction, there are a few important pieces to it:

first, you want to connect the literature that was mentioned in the body of the paper with what you are planning on writing about in this essay;

second, include quotes from both (the article) and other sources so long as they support your argument. You may also include a quote from the author(s) who wrote the article.

Then at the end of this section write a sentence explaining why reading this essay will be beneficial for readers along with how they can benefit from these points.

Body paragraphs:

In each paragraph, discuss ONE thing from the piece of writing that was either done well or could have been done better. Use examples from the text to support your opinion.


You want to restate why you stated earlier about how (the author’s) position makes sense and how you (the reader) have reached the conclusion that you’ve reached after reading the article. Now in your conclusion you want to make sure that you point out whether or not (your) opinion(s) have changed from before you read this paper or if they stayed the same and why.

Additional Information:

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How to Write a Response Paper Guide With Structure and Example

Updated 11 Oct 2022

The secret to knowing how to write a response paper is in understanding what is expected of you. You write this particular type of assignment regardless of the original paper you have to respond to. If we put it simply, the purpose of this task, as you will learn in our response paper guide, is to provide your reaction and analysis regarding what you have read (or seen) based on an article, a book, a movie, or any other type of material dealing with a particular subject or an event.

What is a Response Paper?

In the majority of cases, the students are asked to write an essay related to a book or a journal article studied through the course. One should use the first person in a response paper, yet it is necessary to keep things professional and remember the purpose of the original paper. Without a doubt, it can easily get challenging to write a good response paper but it will always depend on how well you understand the material.

It is not enough to say " I agree with ideas encountered in the article " or that " the author has a good writing style. " You must also provide supporting evidence and actually respond to what you have studied. Always implement an explanation of relationships between the author's purpose and the ideas that have been presented. If something has helped you to understand the writing, write a response about it as well. You have to respond or reflect using a clear tone. Since the typical response paper will have the classic five-paragraph structure, it also makes it relatively easier to structure one's thoughts when learning how to write a response paper. Our article review writing service will help you complete any type of response paper for school or college.

The Steps Necessary For Writing a Response Paper Correctly

As we learn how to structure a response paper, it is necessary to remember that you should not just summarize what has already been stated in other words but show your attitude to what you have read through the lens of your vision, beliefs, and perception. It must be written in the first person, which means that you must analyze and brainstorm the ideas while being creative to a certain point.

Here are the steps to consider as you begin:

Finally, remember to proofread and edit your response essay. It will contain quotes, references, repetitions, grammar mistakes, and those sentences that will be wordy. Unless you ask someone to write papers for cash , take enough time and ensure that your writing sounds logical and follows your thesis until the final sentence.

The Response Paper Format and Structure

Since the majority of requests that we receive at EduBirdie relate to how to write a response to a book, we shall take "The Things They Carried" by Tim O'Brien dealing with the short related stories taking place during the Vietnam War. As we shall proceed, pay attention to the structure with response paper examples for each part:

Part 1 : This is where you have to provide a brief summary of the book or paper in question.

Part 2 : This is where your response takes place.

This is only the basic example of how to deal with the structure by keeping all the critical points there. Of course, your format and structure may vary depending on the source material, yet the response paper examples above must help you to get the basic idea.

The Response Paper Tips to Achieve Good Grades

When you are writing a response paper, consider these simple tips to write better:

Once again, as you learn how to write a response paper to an article or a book passage, the most important is to understand the original text, which is why it helps if you create an outline to start with the key points as you write them down for your analytical part of the response essay.

Response Paper Example & Different Types

Speaking of response paper examples, one can encounter various types of them when dealing with a typical college assignment. Your writing sample may represent either a single-text response paper or a multiple-text response example. The difference is that with the single-text approach you will have to respond to one text or one book only. It means that you do not have to compare or synthesize anything. In the case of the multiple-text method, it will be necessary to respond to several texts and examine the aspects (or elements) that look the same or totally different. It will be more alike to compare-and-contrast academic writing tasks. It may also be necessary to create a table where you can contrast certain elements. Remember that it must be reflected in your thesis statement.

Our experts are often asked about the difference between a response paper and a summary paper, which is another point that we shall explain in our how to write a response paper guide. In simple terms, the response paper will ask a student to approach the text critically and respond to the reading, while the summary will only overview or summarize the text by highlighting the author's argumentation. When you evaluate something, it is a sign of a response paper. Note that a summary is only used briefly to introduce the topic.

Get Response Paper Help Now!

Do not wait and suffer alone if you are struggling with your response paper task. Our skilled specialists at EduBirdie can help you with anything from a reaction paper outline to final proofreading and editing of your response paper draft. We keep things affordable and clear for you and stand behind high quality and zero plagiarism as every paper is written from scratch. Do not let the burden of response papers bring you down, just place your order with us now!

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Response essay examples

article response essay example

From the assassination of President Kennedy to the collapse of the Berlin wall, the 60s will forever remain a crucial period for the world and US…

article response essay example

Response essay types

Your paper may be focused on one of the following objectives:

In any case, each reader response essay example consists of two parts: a summary and a personal reaction.

When writing the first part of the work, you should follow these steps:

Personal reaction

To create the second part, the authors of the response essay examples use several or all of the questions below. You need to answer them too:

It is necessary to evaluate the significance of the text, its integrity, completeness, accuracy of style and other attributes. It is also worth mentioning whether you would recommend a work to other readers and why.

Secrets of a perfect response essay

Remember the following rules if you want your work to surpass the best summary and response essay examples:

Practice as often as you can. Read the works of experienced authors. Very soon you will write papers capable to delight the most rigorous examiner. Good luck!

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How to Write a Critical Response Essay With Examples and Tips

A critical response essay is an important type of academic essays, which instructors employ to gauge the students’ ability to read critically and express their opinions. Firstly, this guide begins with a detailed definition of a critical essay and an extensive walkthrough of source analysis. Next, the manual on how to write a critical response essay breaks down the writing process into the pre-writing, writing, and post-writing stages and discusses each stage in extensive detail. Finally, the manual provides practical examples of an outline and a critical response essay, which implement the writing strategies and guidelines of critical response writing. After the examples, there is a brief overview of documentation styles. Hence, students need to learn how to write a perfect critical response essay to follow its criteria.

Definition of a Critical Response Essay

A critical response essay presents a reader’s reaction to the content of an article or any other piece of writing and the author’s strategy of achieving his or her intended purpose. Basically, a critical response to a piece of text demands an analysis, interpretation, and synthesis of a reading. Moreover, these operations allow readers to develop a position concerning the extent to which an author of a text creates a desired effect on the audience that an author establishes implicitly or explicitly at the beginning of a text. Mostly, students assume that a critical response revolves around the identification of flaws, but this aspect only represents one dimension of a critical response. In turn, a critical response essay should identify both the strengths and weaknesses of a text and present them without exaggeration of their significance in a text.

Source Analysis

How to write a critical response essay

1. Questions That Guide Source Analysis

Writers engage in textual analysis through critical reading. Hence, students undertake critical reading to answer three primary questions:

Readers should strive to comprehensively answer these questions with the context and scope of a critical response essay. Basically, the need for objectivity is necessary to ensure that the student’s analysis does not contain any biases through unwarranted or incorrect comparisons. Nonetheless, the author’s pre-existing knowledge concerning the topic of a critical response essay is crucial in facilitating the process of critical reading. In turn, the generation of answers to three guiding questions occurs concurrently throughout the close reading of an assigned text.

2. Techniques of Critical Reading

Previewing, reading, and summarizing are the main methods of critical reading. Basically, previewing a text allows readers to develop some familiarity with the content of a critical response essay, which they gain through exposure to content cues, publication facts, important statements, and authors’ backgrounds. In this case, readers may take notes of questions that emerge in their minds and possible biases related to prior knowledge. Then, reading has two distinct stages: first reading and rereading and annotating. Also, students read an assigned text at an appropriate speed for the first time with minimal notetaking. After that, learners reread a text to identify core and supporting ideas, key terms, and connections or implied links between ideas while making detailed notes. Lastly, writers summarize their readings into the main points by using their own words to extract the meaning and deconstruct critical response essays into meaningful parts.

3. Creating a Critical Response

Up to this point, source analysis is a blanket term that represents the entire process of developing a critical response. Mainly, the creation of a critical response essay involves analysis, interpretation, and synthesis, which occur as distinct activities. In this case, students analyze their readings by breaking down texts into elements with distilled meanings and obvious links to a thesis statement . During analysis, writers may develop minor guiding questions under first and second guiding questions, which are discipline-specific. Then, learners focus on interpretations of elements to determine their significance to an assigned text as a whole, possible meanings, and assumptions under which they may exist. Finally, authors of critical response essays create connections through the lens of relevant pre-existing knowledge, which represents a version of the element’s interconnection that they perceive to be an accurate depiction of a text.

Writing Steps of a Critical Response Essay

Step 1: pre-writing, a. analysis of writing situation.

Purpose. Before a student begins writing a critical response essay, he or she must identify the main reason for communication to the audience by using a formal essay format. Basically, the primary purposes of writing a critical response essay are explanation and persuasion. In this case, it is not uncommon for two purposes to overlap while writing a critical response essay. However, one of the purposes is usually dominant, which implies that it plays a dominant role in the wording, evidence selection, and perspective on a topic. In turn, students should establish their purposes in the early stages of the writing process because the purpose has a significant effect on the essay writing approach.

Audience. Students should establish a good understanding of the audience’s expectations, characteristics, attitudes, and knowledge in anticipation of the writing process. Basically, learning the audience’s expectations enables authors to meet the organizational demands, ‘burden of proof,’ and styling requirements. In college writing, it is the norm for all essays to attain academic writing standards. Then, the interaction between characteristics and attitudes forces authors to identify a suitable voice, which is appreciative of the beliefs and values of the audience. Lastly, writers must consider the level of knowledge of the audience while writing a critical response essay because it has a direct impact on the context, clarity, and readability of a paper. Consequently, a critical response essay for classmates is quite different from a paper that an author presents to a multi-disciplinary audience.

Define a topic. Topic selection is a critical aspect of the prewriting stage. Ideally, assignment instructions play a crucial role in topic selection, especially in higher education institutions. For example, when writing a critical response essay, instructors may choose to provide students with a specific article or general instructions to guide learners in the selection of relevant reading sources. Also, students may not opportunities for independent topic selection in former circumstances. However, by considering latter assignment conditions, learners may need to identify a narrow topic to use in article selection. Moreover, students should take adequate time to do preliminary research, which gives them a ‘feel’ of the topic, for example, 19 th -century literature. Next, writers narrow down the scope of the topic based on the knowledge and interests, for example, short stories by black female writers from the 19 th century.

B. Research and Documentation

Find sources. Once a student has a topic, he or she can start the process of identifying an appropriate article. Basically, choosing a good source for writing a critical response essay occurs is much easier when aided with search tools on the web or university repository. In this case, learners select keywords or other unique qualities of an article and develops a search filter. Moreover, authors review abstracts or forewords of credible sources to determine its suitability based on its content. Besides content, other factors constrain the article selection process: the word count for a critical response essay and a turnaround time. In turn, if an assignment has a fixed length of 500 words and a turnaround time of one week, it is not practical to select a 200-page source despite content suitability.

Content selection. The process of selecting appropriate content from academic sources relies heavily on the purpose of a critical response essay. Basically, students must select evidence that they will include in a paper to support their claims in each paragraph. However, writers tend to let a source speak through the use of extensive quotations or summaries, which dilutes a synthesis aspect of a critical response essay. Instead, learners should take a significant portion of time to identify evidence from reliable sources , which are relevant to the purpose of an essay. Also, a student who is writing a critical analysis essay to disagree with one or more arguments will select different pieces of evidence as compared to a person who is writing to analyze the overall effectiveness of the work.

Annotated bibliography. An annotated bibliography is vital to the development of a critical response essay because it enables authors to document useful information that they encounter during research. During research and documentation stages for a critical response essay, annotated bibliographies contain the main sources for a critical analysis essay and other sources that contribute to the knowledge base of an author even though these sources will not appear in reference lists. Mostly, a critical response essay has only one source. However, an annotated bibliography contains summaries of other sources, which may inform the author’s critical response through the development of a deep understanding of a topic. In turn, an annotated bibliography is quite useful when an individual is writing a critical response to an article on an unfamiliar topic.

Step 2: Writing a Critical Response Essay

A. organization..

Thesis . A thesis statement sentence is a crucial component of a critical response essay because it presents the student’s purpose, argument, and the conclusion that he or she draws from the textual evidence. Also, the thesis statement is the response to the thesis question, which an author creates from assignment instructions. After completing the research stage, students can develop a tentative thesis statement to act as a starting point for the writing stage. Usually, tentative thesis statements undergo numerous revisions during the writing stage, which is a consequence of the refinement of the main idea during the drafting.

Weigh the evidence. Based on the tentative thesis, an author evaluates the relative importance of collected pieces of textual evidence to the central idea. Basically, students should distinguish between general and specific ideas to ascertain that there exists a logical sequence of presentation, which the audience can readily grasp. Firstly, for writing a critical response essay, learners should identify general ideas and establish specific connections that exist between each general idea and specific details, which support a central claim. Secondly, writers should consider some implications of ideas as they conduct a sorting process and remove evidence that does not fit. Moreover, students fill ‘holes’ that are present due to the lack of adequate supporting evidence to conclude this stage.

Create an outline. An essay outline is a final product of weighing the significance of the evidence in the context of the working thesis statement. In particular, a formal outline is a preferred form of an essay structure for a critical response essay because it allows for detailed documentation of ideas while maintaining a clear map of connections. During the formation of an outline, students use a systematic scheme of indentation and labeling all the parts of an outline structure. In turn, this arrangement ensures that elements that play the same role are readily discernible at a glance, for example, primary essay divisions, secondary divisions, principle supporting points, and specific details.

Drafting. The drafting step involves the conversion of the one-sentence ideas in an outline format into complete paragraphs and, eventually, a critical response essay. In this case, there is no fixed approach to writing the first draft. Moreover, students should follow a technique that they find effective in overcoming the challenge of starting to write a critical response essay. Nonetheless, it is good practice to start writing paragraphs that authors believe are more straightforward to include regardless of specific positions that they hold on an outline. In turn, learners should strive to write freely and be open to new ideas despite the use of an outline. During drafting, the conveyance of meaning is much more important than the correctness of the draft.

Step 3: Post-Writing

Individual revision. An individual revision process focuses on the rethinking and rewriting of a critical response essay to improve the meaning and structure of a paper. Essentially, students try to review their papers from a perspective of readers to ensure that the level of detail, relationship and arrangement of paragraphs, and the contribution of the minor ideas to the thesis statement attain the desired effect. In this case, the use of a checklist improves the effectiveness of individual revision. Moreover, a checklist contains 12 main evaluation categories: assignment, purpose, audience and voice, genre, thesis, organization, development, unity, coherence, title, introduction, and conclusion.

Collaborative revision. Collaborative revision is a revision strategy that covers subconscious oversight that occurs during individual revision. During an individual revision of a critical response essay, authors rely on self-criticism, which is rarely 100% effective because writers hold a bias that their works are of high quality. Therefore, subjecting an individual’s work to peer review allows students to collect critique from an actual reader who may notice problems that an author may easily overlook. In turn, learners may provide peer reviewers with a checklist to simplify the revision process.

Editing. The editing step requires authors to examine the style, clarity, and correctness of a critical response essay. In particular, students review their papers to ascertain its conformance with the guidelines of formal essay writing and the English language. Moreover, sentence fragments, subject-verb agreement, dangling modifiers, incorrect use of punctuation, vague pronoun references, and parallelism are common grammar issues that learners eliminate during editing. Then, writers confirm that their critical response essays adhere to referencing style guidelines for citation and formatting, such as the inclusion of a title page, appropriate in-text citation, and proper styling of bibliographic information in the reference list. In turn, students must proofread a critical response essay repeatedly until they find all errors because such mistakes may divert the audience’s attention from the content of a paper.

Sample Outline Template for a Critical Response Essay

I. Introduction

A. Summary of an article. B. Thesis statement.

A. First body paragraph

B. Second body paragraph

C. Third body paragraph

III. Conclusion

A. Summary of three points that form a body section. B. Closing remarks.

Uniqueness of a Critical Response Essay Outline

The presence of a summary in the introduction and an interpretation for each piece of evidence are defining features of a critical response essay. Typically, the introduction, being one of 5 parts of an essay , does not contain a succinct summary of a source that an author uses in body paragraphs. In this case, the incorporation of a summary in the introduction paragraph provides the audience with specific information concerning the target article of a critical response. Specifically, a critical response essay differs from other response papers because it emphasizes the provision of reasonable judgments of a text rather than the testing and defense of one’s judgments. In turn, authors of a critical response essay do not provide evaluation for their judgments, which implies that critical responses may be different but correct if a specific interpretation is reasonable to the audience.

Expanding an Outline Format Into a Critical Response Essay

1. introduction.

The introductory paragraph in a critical response essay consists of two primary sections: a summary of an article and a thesis statement. Firstly, a summary of an article consists of the text’s central argument and the purpose of the presentation of the argument. Basically, students should strive to distill the main idea and purpose of the text into a few sentences because the length of the introduction is approximately 10% of the essay’s word count. Then, a summary provides the audience with adequate background information concerning an article, which forms a foundation for announcing the student’s primary idea. In this case, writers may include an additional sentence between a summary and a thesis statement to establish a smooth flow in the opening paragraph. However, learners should not quote thesis and purpose statements because it results in a fragmented introduction, which is unappealing to readers and ineffective.

A. Writer’s Idea

The writer’s idea for a paragraph appears in the first sentence of a paragraph, which is a topic sentence. For example, if students know how to write a topic sentence , they present readers with a complete and distinct idea that proves or supports a thesis statement. In this case, authors should carefully word their topic sentences to ensure that there is no unnecessary generalization or spillovers of ideas from other paragraphs. Notably, all the topic sentences in the body of a critical response essay share a logical relationship that allows the audience to easily follow the development of the central idea of a paper.

B. Evidence

Students should provide evidence that supports the idea that they propose in the topic sentence. Basically, the evidence for all body paragraphs is the product of critical reading of an article, which allows writers to identify meaningful portions of a text. During the presentation of evidence, learners should ascertain that the contextual meaning of paraphrases or quotations is not lost because such a strategy will harm interpretations that follow after it. In turn, critical response essays must not contain lengthy or numerous quotations unless the meaning or intended effect of a quotation is not replicable upon paraphrasing.

C. Interpretation.

Interpretation segments of paragraphs allow authors to explain the significance of the evidence to the topic sentence. In a critical response essay, the interpretation is the equivalent of an author revealing the possible assumptions behind a text paraphrase and commenting on whether or not he or she finds them reasonable. Moreover, students make inferences concerning their meaning in the context of the entire narrative and its relation to the paragraph’s idea. In turn, learners should refrain from reading too much into a piece of evidence because it may result in false or unreasonable inferences.

D. Concluding Sentence

The concluding statement is the final sentence of any paragraph. In this case, the primary role of the concluding sentence is to emphasize the link between the topic sentence, evidence, interpretation, and the essay’s central idea. Also, the concluding statement should not contain an in-text citation because it does not introduce new evidence to support the topic sentence. Therefore, authors use concluding sentences to maintain the unity between body paragraphs and a critical response essay in its entirety.

3. Conclusion

The conclusion comprises of three core elements: a restatement of a thesis statement, a summary of the main points that authors present in body paragraphs, and closing remarks. In particular, the first statement of the conclusion draws the attention of the audience to the central idea, which an author proposes in a thesis statement. Then, students review the main points of a critical response essay to demonstrate that written arguments in body paragraphs adequately support a thesis statement. Moreover, writers should summarize the main points of a paper in the same order that they appear in the main part to guarantee that logical pattern in the body is readily discernible in summary. Finally, learners make their closing remarks, which creates a sense of wholesomeness in a critical response essay or ties a paper to a larger relevant discourse.

Example of Writing a Critical Response Essay

Topic: American Capitalism: The New Face of Slavery

I. Sample Introduction of a Critical Response Essay

Capitalism is a dominant characteristic of the American economy. In this case, Matthew Desmond’s article “In Order to Understand the Brutality of American Capitalism, You Have to Start on the Plantation” discusses the role of slavery in shaping contemporary business practices. Specifically, the author attempts to convince the audience that the brutality of American capitalism originates from slavery. In turn, Desmond lays a strong but simple foundation for his argument, which ensures that the audience can conceptualize the link between plantation slavery and contemporary American capitalistic practices.

II. Example of a Body in a Critical Response Essay

A. example of the first body paragraph: american capitalism.

Early in the article, Desmond informs readers of the high variability in the manifestation of capitalism in societies, which creates the impression that American capitalism is a choice. For example, Desmond (2019) argues that the brutality of American capitalism is simply one of the possible outcomes of a society built on capitalistic principles because other societies implement the same principles in a manner that is liberating, protective, and democratic. Moreover, Desmond begins his argument by eliminating a popular presumption that exploitation and oppression are unavoidable outcomes of capitalism. In turn, this strategic move to establish this fact is in the introductory section of the article because it invites the audience to rethink the meaning of capitalism. Furthermore, its plants doubt regarding the ‘true’ meaning of capitalism outside the context of American society.

B. Example of the Second Body Paragraph: American Capitalism: Slavery and American’s Economic Growth

After establishing that the perception of capitalism through the lens of the American society has some bias, Desmond proceeds to provide detailed evidence to explain the attempt to camouflage the obvious link between the slavery and America’s economic growth. For instance, Desmond (2019) notes the role of Alfred Chandler’s book, The Visible Hand , and Caitlin Rosenthal’s book, Accounting for Slavery , in breaking the link between management practices in plantations and modern corporations by suggesting that the current business practices are a consequence of the 19 th -century railroad industry. In this case, Desmond uses this evidence to make a logical appeal to the audience, which makes his argument more convincing because he explains the reason behind the exclusion of slavery in the discourse on the modern industry. As a result, Desmond dismisses one of the main counterarguments against his central argument, which increases its persuasive power.

C. Example of the Third Body Paragraph: Input vs. Output Dynamic

Desmond emphasizes the link between slavery and American capitalism to readers by using the simple input vs. output dynamic throughout the article. For example, Desmond (2019) compares the Plantation Record and Account Book to the heavy digital surveillance techniques in modern workplaces because they collect data, which the employers use to maximize productivity while minimizing inputs. In particular, the comparison reveals that employers did not stop the practice of reducing laborers into units of production with fixed productivity thresholds. Moreover, the constant repetition of the theme of low input and high output dominates the body paragraphs, which makes it nearly impossible for readers to lose sight of the link between slavery and business practices under American capitalism. In turn, the simplification of the underlying logic in Desmond’s argument ensures its clarity to the audience.

III. Sample Conclusion of a Critical Response Essay

Desmond carefully plans the presentation of his argument to the audience, which allows readers to follow the ideas easily. In particular, the author starts with a call for readers to set aside any presumptions concerning capitalism and its origin. Then, Desmond provides the audience with an alternative narrative with support from seminal texts in slavery and economics. On the whole, Desmond manages to convince the audience that the American capitalistic society is merely a replica rather than an aberration of slavery.

Citing Sources in a Critical Response Essay

A critical response essay contains specific thoughts of the article’s author and direct words of the text’s author. In this case, students must conduct proper documentation to ensure that readers of critical response essays can distinguish between these two types of ‘voices.’ Moreover, documentation prevents incidents of plagiarism. Usually, instructors mention a referencing technique that students should use in writing a critical response essay. However, if assignment instructions do not identify a specific documentation style, writers should use a referencing technique that is acceptable for scholarly writing in their disciplines.

In-text citation:

Works Cited:

3. Harvard Referencing

Reference List:

4. Chicago/Turabian

In-text citation (footnote):


Final Provisions on a Critical Response Essay

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Each semester, you will probably be asked by at least one instructor to read a book or an article (or watch a TV show or a film) and to write a paper recording your response or reaction to the material. In these reports—often referred to as response or reaction papers—your instructor will most likely expect you to do two things: summarize the material and detail your reaction to it. The following pages explain both parts of a report.


To develop the first part of a report, do the following:


To develop the second part of a report, do the following:


Here are some important elements to consider as you prepare a report:


Here is a report written by a student in an introductory psychology course. Look at the paper closely to see how it follows the guidelines for report writing described above.

Part 1: Summary

Document Actions

How to Write a Reader Response

Last Updated: February 23, 2023 References Approved

This article was co-authored by Diane Stubbs . Diane Stubbs is a Secondary English Teacher with over 22 years of experience teaching all high school grade levels and AP courses. She specializes in secondary education, classroom management, and educational technology. Diane earned a Bachelor of Arts in English from the University of Delaware and a Master of Education from Wesley College. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. This article has 13 testimonials from our readers, earning it our reader-approved status. This article has been viewed 392,363 times.

A reader response assignment asks you to explain and defend your personal reaction to an assigned text. Reader response papers can be difficult because they force you, the reader, to take responsibility for giving meaning to the text. Often these assignments feel open-ended and vague, but don't worry, a good reader response paper will follow a standard essay format that you can easily master. This guide will walk you through the creation of a well-crafted reader response paper that's sure to wow your instructor and earn you an awesome grade.

Writing the Reader Response

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Drafting the Reader Response

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Reading the Text

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Sample Reader Response

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About This Article

Diane Stubbs

To write a reader response, develop a clear thesis statement and choose example passages from the text that support your thesis. Next, write an introduction paragraph that specifies the name of the text, the author, the subject matter, and your thesis. Then, include 3-4 paragraphs that discuss and analyze the text. Finish up with a conclusion paragraph that summarizes your arguments and brings the reader back to your thesis or main point! For tips on analyzing the text before writing your assignment, read on! Did this summary help you? Yes No

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Response Essay Examples

A response essay is a sub-genre of critical writing. It describes your impressions from a book, movie, art, music, research paper, or any other creation. Its distinctive feature is the unlimited subjectivity allowing you to express whatever emotions the analyzed object has evoked. It is the main difference from a standard critical essay which is more objective and requires argumentation.

The structure of a response essay is not too strict. Still, it usually consists of two parts: source overview and personal response to the reading.

Below you can find an extensive list of response essay examples. Please be sure to reference the source whenever you decide to quote any part of them.

75 Best Response Essay Examples

“supersize your child” by richard hayes.

Richard Hayes: Supersize Your Child

Applying Learning Models in a Particular Setting

Indecent Behavior in Moral Standards

Lady Anne Clifford’s Life and Family

Students’ Creativity: Imagination

Propaganda in the Democratic Society

The Negative Consequences of Employing High School Students in Fast Food Restaurants

Monstrous and Human Relationship in “Odyssey”

“Odyssey”: The Relationship between the Monstrous and the Human

Culture and business practices in asia.

Kant’s Prolegomena Concerning Any Future Metaphysics

Relationship Between Body and Consciousness by Jean-Paul Sartre

Lanling Xiaoxiao Sheng: The Plum in the Golden Vase

The Church as a Forgiving Community

“Integrative Approaches to Psychology and Christianity” by David N. Entwistle

Family and marriage therapy.

Jackson and His Environment

Death Penalty Role in the Criminal Justice System

Job Analysis and Selection

Leading with soul response.

Explanation of Cancer Disease

“The Thatcher Revolution” by Earl A. Reitan

Leadership and Communication

Animals with rich histories.

Psychology, Theology, and Spirituality in Christian Counseling

Satellite Dishes Company Marketing Process

Empowerment of Students for Their Motivation

A Global Health Discussion: Ebola

Americans With Disabilities Act

“What is Academic Language?” by James Paul Gee

“Revisiting the Commons: Local Lessons, Global Challenges”

Climate Change and Corporate World

Vision for Your Teaching and Learning & Role as a Teacher-Leader or Teacher-Researcher

Cost Benefit Analysis (CBA) in Reducing the Effects of Climate Change

Slaughterhouse-Five Movie Analysis

Overcoming the Tyranny of Segregated Minds in Desegregated Schools

Living Buddha, Living Christ

Experience of reggio emilia critique.

The Art of Pastoring

History from the inside out: Prison Life in Nineteenth-Century by L.Goldsmith

Gender Violence in the News

The End of History: Views of the Philosophers

Antecedents and Outcomes of Entrepreneurial and Market Orientations in a Non-Profit Context

Children in at-risk families.

Families With Members Who Experience Disabilities

“The Experience of Space and Time”

Positivism and interpretivism.

Team Learning as a Way of Education

Japanese Soldiers in the World War II

Origins of Religion

Napoleon Bonaparte in his study

System Thinking: Contributing to the Learning Organization

Using Leadership to Improve Ethical Performance

Hispanic Americans: Racial Status

Race and Ethnic Relations: American and Global Perspective

“With Training and Development for All” by Goodman and Preston

Why No Apple in Europe?

Last Night I dreamt of Peace

Narrative of the Captivity and Restoration of Mrs Mary Rowlandson

Three cups of tea, insights on green automotive development.

Capitalism: A Love Story: A Reflective Paper

Ethnography Reflection

Misery – Anton Chekhov. Analysis of Summary and Themes

Infantile Sexuality: Thumb Sucking

Pride and Arrogance in the “Oedipus the King” by Sophocles

The corporation & our media, not theirs.

Maldoror and the Completed Works of the Comte de Lautréamont

Folklore: Contemporary Legends

Gods and Humans: Myths of Ancient Rome and Greece

Summary: James Wertsch’s “The Multivoicedness of Meaning”.

Social networks benefits and disadvantages.

The Problem of Global Overpopulation

Molto agitato: the mayhem behind the music at the metropolitan opera.

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How to use ChatGPT to help you write essays


ChatGPT's advanced capabilities have created a huge demand , with the 'app' accumulating over 100 million users within two months of launching. One of the biggest standout features has been its ability to compose all sorts of text within seconds, including songs, poems, bedtime stories, and essays. 

Also:   What is ChatGPT and why does it matter? Here's everything you need to know

Contrary to popular opinion, ChatGPT can do a lot more than just write an essay for you (which could be called plagiarism). What is more useful is how it can help guide your writing process. If you are a looking for ways to use ChatGPT to support your writing, here are five different ways to explore.  

How to improve your writing process with ChatGPT 

1. use chatgpt to generate essay ideas.

Before you can even get started writing an essay, you need to flesh out the idea. When professors assign essays, they generally give students a prompt that gives them leeway for their own self-expression and analysis. As a result, students have the task of finding the angle to approach the essay on their own.

If you have written an essay recently, you know this step is often the trickiest part -- and this is where ChatGPT can help. 

Also:   I wish I had ChatGPT when I was in college. But not for the reason you might expect

All you need to do is input the assignment topic, include as much detail as you'd like -- such as what you're thinking about covering -- and let ChatGPT do the rest. For example, based on a paper prompt I had in college, I asked:

Can you help me come up with a topic idea for this assignment, "You will write a research paper or case study on a leadership topic of your choice." I would like it to include Blake and Mouton's Managerial Leadership Grid and possibly a historical figure. 

Within seconds, the chatbot produced a response that provided me with the title of the essay, options of historical figures I could focus my article on, and insight on what information I could include in my paper, with specific examples of a case study I could use. 


2. Use the chatbot to create an outline

Once you have a solid topic, it's time to start brainstorming what you actually want to include in the essay. To facilitate the writing process, I always create an outline, including all the different points I want to touch upon in my essay. However, the outline writing process is usually tedious. 

With ChatGPT, all you have to do is ask it to write it for you. 

Also :  ChatGPT productivity hacks: Five ways to use chatbots to make your life easier

Using the topic that ChatGPT helped me generate in step one, I asked the chatbot to write me an outline by saying: 

Can you create an outline for a paper, "Examining the Leadership Style of Winston Churchill through Blake and Mouton's Managerial Leadership Grid"

After a couple of seconds, the chatbot outputted a holistic outline divided into seven different sections, with three different points under each section. 

This outline is thorough and can be condensed for a shorter essay, or elaborated on for a longer paper. If you don't like something or want to tweak it further, you can do so either manually or with more instructions to ChatGPT. 


3. Use ChatGPT to find sources

Now that you know exactly what you want to write, it's time to find reputable sources to get your information from. If you don't know where to start, like with all of the previous steps, you can just ask ChatGPT. 

All you need to do is ask it to find sources for your essay topic. For example, I asked it the following: 

Can you help me find sources for a paper, "Examining the Leadership Style of Winston Churchill through Blake and Mouton's Managerial Leadership Grid."

Also :  The best AI chatbots: ChatGPT and other interesting alternatives to try

The chatbot output seven sources, with a bullet point for each that explained what the source was and why it could be useful. 

The one caveat you will want to be aware of when using ChatGPT for sources is that it does not have access to information before 2021, so it will not be able to suggest the freshest sources. However, it is a start.  


4. Use ChatGPT to write a sample essay

It is worth noting that if you take the text directly from the chatbot and submit it, your work could be considered a form of plagiarism, since it is not your original work. As with any information taken from another source, text generated by any AI should be clearly identified and credited in your work.

In most educational institutions, the penalties for plagiarism are severe, ranging from a failing grade to expulsion from the school.

Also :  ChatGPT is changing everything. But it still has its limits

If you want ChatGPT generate a sample piece of text, put in the topic, the desired length, and watch for what it generates. For example, I input the following text: 

Can you write a five-paragraph essay on the topic, "Examining the Leadership Style of Winston Churchill through Blake and Mouton's Managerial Leadership Grid."

Within seconds, the chatbot output exactly what I asked for: A coherent, five-paragraph essay on the topic which can help you to guide you in your own writing. 

At this point it's worth remembering how tools like ChatGPT work: They put words together in a form that they think is statistically valid but they don't know if what they are saying is true or accurate. That means you might find invented facts or details or other oddities. It won't be able to create original work because it is simply aggregating everything it has already absorbed. It might be a useful starting point for your own work, but don't expect it to be inspired or accurate.


5. Use ChatGPT to co-edit your essay

Once you've written your own essay, you can use ChatGPT's advanced writing capabilities to edit it for you. 

You can simply tell the chatbot what you specifically want it to edit. For example, I asked it to edit for essay structure and grammar, but other options could have included flow, tone, and more. 

Once you ask it to edit your essay, it will prompt you to paste your text into the chatbot. Once you do, it will output your essay with corrections made. This could be the most useful tool as it can edit your essay more thoroughly than a basic proofreading tool could, going beyond spelling. 

You could also co-edit with the chatbot, asking it to take a look at a specific paragraph or sentence and asking it to rewrite or fix it for clarity. 


For a better document collaboration experience, try these tips


How to use ChatGPT: Everything you need to know


The best AI chatbots: ChatGPT and other interesting alternatives to try

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Example of a Great Essay | Explanations, Tips & Tricks

Published on February 9, 2015 by Shane Bryson . Revised on December 6, 2021 by Shona McCombes.

This example guides you through the structure of an essay. It shows how to build an effective introduction , focused paragraphs , clear transitions between ideas, and a strong conclusion .

Each paragraph addresses a single central point, introduced by a topic sentence , and each point is directly related to the thesis statement .

As you read, hover over the highlighted parts to learn what they do and why they work.

An Appeal to the Senses: The Development of the Braille System in Nineteenth-Century France

The invention of Braille was a major turning point in the history of disability. The writing system of raised dots used by visually impaired people was developed by Louis Braille in nineteenth-century France. In a society that did not value disabled people in general, blindness was particularly stigmatized, and lack of access to reading and writing was a significant barrier to social participation. The idea of tactile reading was not entirely new, but existing methods based on sighted systems were difficult to learn and use. As the first writing system designed for blind people’s needs, Braille was a groundbreaking new accessibility tool. It not only provided practical benefits, but also helped change the cultural status of blindness. This essay begins by discussing the situation of blind people in nineteenth-century Europe. It then describes the invention of Braille and the gradual process of its acceptance within blind education. Subsequently, it explores the wide-ranging effects of this invention on blind people’s social and cultural lives.

Lack of access to reading and writing put blind people at a serious disadvantage in nineteenth-century society. Text was one of the primary methods through which people engaged with culture, communicated with others, and accessed information; without a well-developed reading system that did not rely on sight, blind people were excluded from social participation (Weygand, 2009). While disabled people in general suffered from discrimination, blindness was widely viewed as the worst disability, and it was commonly believed that blind people were incapable of pursuing a profession or improving themselves through culture (Weygand, 2009). This demonstrates the importance of reading and writing to social status at the time: without access to text, it was considered impossible to fully participate in society. Blind people were excluded from the sighted world, but also entirely dependent on sighted people for information and education.

In France, debates about how to deal with disability led to the adoption of different strategies over time. While people with temporary difficulties were able to access public welfare, the most common response to people with long-term disabilities, such as hearing or vision loss, was to group them together in institutions (Tombs, 1996). At first, a joint institute for the blind and deaf was created, and although the partnership was motivated more by financial considerations than by the well-being of the residents, the institute aimed to help people develop skills valuable to society (Weygand, 2009). Eventually blind institutions were separated from deaf institutions, and the focus shifted towards education of the blind, as was the case for the Royal Institute for Blind Youth, which Louis Braille attended (Jimenez et al, 2009). The growing acknowledgement of the uniqueness of different disabilities led to more targeted education strategies, fostering an environment in which the benefits of a specifically blind education could be more widely recognized.

Several different systems of tactile reading can be seen as forerunners to the method Louis Braille developed, but these systems were all developed based on the sighted system. The Royal Institute for Blind Youth in Paris taught the students to read embossed roman letters, a method created by the school’s founder, Valentin Hauy (Jimenez et al., 2009). Reading this way proved to be a rather arduous task, as the letters were difficult to distinguish by touch. The embossed letter method was based on the reading system of sighted people, with minimal adaptation for those with vision loss. As a result, this method did not gain significant success among blind students.

Louis Braille was bound to be influenced by his school’s founder, but the most influential pre-Braille tactile reading system was Charles Barbier’s night writing. A soldier in Napoleon’s army, Barbier developed a system in 1819 that used 12 dots with a five line musical staff (Kersten, 1997). His intention was to develop a system that would allow the military to communicate at night without the need for light (Herron, 2009). The code developed by Barbier was phonetic (Jimenez et al., 2009); in other words, the code was designed for sighted people and was based on the sounds of words, not on an actual alphabet. Barbier discovered that variants of raised dots within a square were the easiest method of reading by touch (Jimenez et al., 2009). This system proved effective for the transmission of short messages between military personnel, but the symbols were too large for the fingertip, greatly reducing the speed at which a message could be read (Herron, 2009). For this reason, it was unsuitable for daily use and was not widely adopted in the blind community.

Nevertheless, Barbier’s military dot system was more efficient than Hauy’s embossed letters, and it provided the framework within which Louis Braille developed his method. Barbier’s system, with its dashes and dots, could form over 4000 combinations (Jimenez et al., 2009). Compared to the 26 letters of the Latin alphabet, this was an absurdly high number. Braille kept the raised dot form, but developed a more manageable system that would reflect the sighted alphabet. He replaced Barbier’s dashes and dots with just six dots in a rectangular configuration (Jimenez et al., 2009). The result was that the blind population in France had a tactile reading system using dots (like Barbier’s) that was based on the structure of the sighted alphabet (like Hauy’s); crucially, this system was the first developed specifically for the purposes of the blind.

While the Braille system gained immediate popularity with the blind students at the Institute in Paris, it had to gain acceptance among the sighted before its adoption throughout France. This support was necessary because sighted teachers and leaders had ultimate control over the propagation of Braille resources. Many of the teachers at the Royal Institute for Blind Youth resisted learning Braille’s system because they found the tactile method of reading difficult to learn (Bullock & Galst, 2009). This resistance was symptomatic of the prevalent attitude that the blind population had to adapt to the sighted world rather than develop their own tools and methods. Over time, however, with the increasing impetus to make social contribution possible for all, teachers began to appreciate the usefulness of Braille’s system (Bullock & Galst, 2009), realizing that access to reading could help improve the productivity and integration of people with vision loss. It took approximately 30 years, but the French government eventually approved the Braille system, and it was established throughout the country (Bullock & Galst, 2009).

Although Blind people remained marginalized throughout the nineteenth century, the Braille system granted them growing opportunities for social participation. Most obviously, Braille allowed people with vision loss to read the same alphabet used by sighted people (Bullock & Galst, 2009), allowing them to participate in certain cultural experiences previously unavailable to them. Written works, such as books and poetry, had previously been inaccessible to the blind population without the aid of a reader, limiting their autonomy. As books began to be distributed in Braille, this barrier was reduced, enabling people with vision loss to access information autonomously. The closing of the gap between the abilities of blind and the sighted contributed to a gradual shift in blind people’s status, lessening the cultural perception of the blind as essentially different and facilitating greater social integration.

The Braille system also had important cultural effects beyond the sphere of written culture. Its invention later led to the development of a music notation system for the blind, although Louis Braille did not develop this system himself (Jimenez, et al., 2009). This development helped remove a cultural obstacle that had been introduced by the popularization of written musical notation in the early 1500s. While music had previously been an arena in which the blind could participate on equal footing, the transition from memory-based performance to notation-based performance meant that blind musicians were no longer able to compete with sighted musicians (Kersten, 1997). As a result, a tactile musical notation system became necessary for professional equality between blind and sighted musicians (Kersten, 1997).

Braille paved the way for dramatic cultural changes in the way blind people were treated and the opportunities available to them. Louis Braille’s innovation was to reimagine existing reading systems from a blind perspective, and the success of this invention required sighted teachers to adapt to their students’ reality instead of the other way around. In this sense, Braille helped drive broader social changes in the status of blindness. New accessibility tools provide practical advantages to those who need them, but they can also change the perspectives and attitudes of those who do not.

Bullock, J. D., & Galst, J. M. (2009). The Story of Louis Braille. Archives of Ophthalmology , 127(11), 1532. https://​​archophthalmol.2009.286.

Herron, M. (2009, May 6). Blind visionary. Retrieved from https://​​content/​articles/2009/05/​blind-visionary/.

Jiménez, J., Olea, J., Torres, J., Alonso, I., Harder, D., & Fischer, K. (2009). Biography of Louis Braille and Invention of the Braille Alphabet. Survey of Ophthalmology , 54(1), 142–149. https://​​j.survophthal.2008.10.006.

Kersten, F.G. (1997). The history and development of Braille music methodology. The Bulletin of Historical Research in Music Education , 18(2). Retrieved from https://​​stable/40214926.

Mellor, C.M. (2006). Louis Braille: A touch of genius . Boston: National Braille Press.

Tombs, R. (1996). France: 1814-1914 . London: Pearson Education Ltd.

Weygand, Z. (2009). The blind in French society from the Middle Ages to the century of Louis Braille . Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Frequently asked questions about writing an essay

An essay is a focused piece of writing that explains, argues, describes, or narrates.

In high school, you may have to write many different types of essays to develop your writing skills.

Academic essays at college level are usually argumentative : you develop a clear thesis about your topic and make a case for your position using evidence, analysis and interpretation.

The structure of an essay is divided into an introduction that presents your topic and thesis statement , a body containing your in-depth analysis and arguments, and a conclusion wrapping up your ideas.

The structure of the body is flexible, but you should always spend some time thinking about how you can organize your essay to best serve your ideas.

Your essay introduction should include three main things, in this order:

The length of each part depends on the length and complexity of your essay .

A thesis statement is a sentence that sums up the central point of your paper or essay . Everything else you write should relate to this key idea.

A topic sentence is a sentence that expresses the main point of a paragraph . Everything else in the paragraph should relate to the topic sentence.

At college level, you must properly cite your sources in all essays , research papers , and other academic texts (except exams and in-class exercises).

Add a citation whenever you quote , paraphrase , or summarize information or ideas from a source. You should also give full source details in a bibliography or reference list at the end of your text.

The exact format of your citations depends on which citation style you are instructed to use. The most common styles are APA , MLA , and Chicago .

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Response Essay: 20 New Ideas


Response essay topics: 20 new ideas for students will come in handy if you have been given a free choice of a response essay topic but do not know what to write about. As such, the list of interesting topics provided in this article will definitely help you cope with writing a text response. It can be inferred from the very title that a response essay relates to your personal response to a book (or any other type of reading), a video, a movie, a game, etc. The core aim of writing response essays is to express your own reaction, point of view or a firm standpoint regarding a specific theme, topic or problem mentioned in the reading or a video you are responding to.

Response Essay Topics: 20 New Ideas for Creative Writing

When writing a response paper , you should bear in mind the following response questions:

The Writing Process of a Response Essay: From Pre-Writing to Post-Writing Stages

When preparing a response essay, it is essential to get the writing process right. As such, find out the following strategy of writing a response paper and look for some response paper sample online:

Pre-Writing Stage

Read the text you have been assigned for the first time to get the general understanding of it. You need to grasp the idea that lies behind the written text. While reading, try to identify the most vivid themes, symbols, topics, ideas, etc. Besides, pay attention to the literary devices used by the author, the genre of the text, the style of writing, and other peculiarities.

Read the essay assignment once again. It will help you now to better understand what you are required to write about once you have read the assigned text and how to write a response paper in college. If the assignment is too long or just seems complicated for your understanding, try to highlight the keywords in order to know what to pay attention to and what to look for when reading the text again and analyzing it. Make sure the core elements of the assignment you have identified serve as a roadmap to what you need to write about in the response essay.

Writing Stage

If you want to know how to write a good response paper, divide your paper into three parts: introduction, the body paragraphs, and conclusion, and work on each of the parts consistently.

Provide background information about the reading you are to respond to. It should be clear to your target audience what the reading is about, who it was written by, what ideas or topic it conveys, etc. Make sure you also indicate the purpose and the main aim of the text.

Make sure you organize your body paragraphs in a clear and concise form. Do not focus merely on retelling the text – rather discuss and evaluate it. Provide your own opinions and responses to different issues encountered in the text. Make sure that each paragraph is devoted to the discussion and analysis of separate ideas. Keep in mind that you should start each body paragraph with a strong and clear topic sentence. Actually, this is a sentence that indicates what you will write about. The idea expressed in the topic sentence should be further elaborated and supported with evidence and examples. Personal experience examples are also recommended. Double-check whether ideas expressed in the body paragraphs are linked to those mentioned in the thesis statement.

Reiterate the thesis and reemphasize the main findings you have obtained. However, make sure you do not repeat the exact phrases and formulations from the introduction or the main body. Paraphrase the core findings in other words. If you have come up with some new ideas or revelations, make sure to pinpoint to them in the conclusion.

Six Best Ways to Respond to an Essay

If you have never written a response essay before, you should definitely read six best ways to respond to an essay:

Creative Response Essay Topics for Your Classes

If you want to submit an impressive response essay paper, you should definitely come up with creative response essay topics.

How Can a Student Write a Response Essay?

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A Response Essay Writing Guide with 100 Topics

Response essays allow students to present their point of view based on personal experience, research and learning. It is to be noted that the potential readers and target audience are interested in knowing your perspectives and reactions on the chosen topic.

You need to maintain a balance between the author’s original work or the subject matter being dealt with and your personal reaction or response concerning the topic. Remember, the readers are accustomed to the book you might be talking about. They are here to explore the other dimension. Therefore, it becomes absolutely crucial for the students to come up with genuine responses based on the derivations made after reading through the author’s work.

Before writing the essay , it is important to choose an intriguing topic. Here are 100 best response essay topics that will help you draft a stellar paper.

100 Inspirational Response Essay Topics

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Response Essay Examples that will Give you Full Insight 2022 Update

– Response Essay Examples –

Response Essay: Writing a response essay might seem like a challenging task at first. Firstly, you need to understand to a great extent what the study that you are responding to is talking about and then make sure that you write an insightful, true-to-the-source essay about it.

Response Essay Examples that will Give you Full Insight

Even if you need to write a response essay as part of your homework for faculty studies or  high school assignments or you want to exercise your argumentative skills, it might seem like a lot of work at first. However, having in mind a clear structure of your future response essay is essential.

Most of the time when you are tasked with an essay about a book or article you’ve read for a class, you will be expected to write in a professional and impersonal voice. But the regular rules change a bit when you write a response paper .

A response (or reaction) paper differs from the formal review primarily in that it is written  in the first person . Unlike in more formal writing, the use of phrases like “I thought” and “I believe” is encouraged in a response paper.

You’ll still have a thesis and will need to back up your opinion with evidence from the work, but this type of paper spotlights your reaction as a reader or viewer.

A Brief Summary of a Response Essay

Response Essay Examples: Keeping everything in mind, the essential parts of a response essay and the main suggestions that you have to keep in mind when starting to write are:


➛ Paragraph 1: The first part of the introduction needs to be vivid, catchy, and reflect the point you are about to make.

➛ Paragraph 2: Provide a context to your response essay: details about the source-text and the author and what the main points in the article are.

➛ State your position regarding the ideas presented in the introduction and if you agree with the author’s take on the matter or not.

➛ Mention if you are going to question the author’s position or expand on the author’s account of the facts.

➛ Give clear arguments pro or against the matter and allocate one paragraph to each of these arguments.

➛ Use statistics, story-telling, research findings, scientific discoveries, and any other tools suggested in this article.

➛ Provide an insightful and catchy conclusion that correlates with the introduction you have chosen for your response essay .

Get Started: Writing an Introduction

One important thing when writing a response essay is the way you structure the introduction. This is one of the key parts of your essay, as it embodies the topic you are about to debate and the premises you are basing your essay on. The introduction will make your audience decide if they want to keep reading your response essay or not. This is why you must keep in mind the following tips:

➛ An introduction is all about catching your audience’s attention

➛ It should provide a brief description of the topic

➛ You should be able to briefly summarize your thesis

➛ Don’t forget to give a short description of the author and the article you are responding to.

It might be the case that the source article that you are about to discuss contains several parts or has different ideas which can be debated and your response article refers only to a part of them.

In this case, don’t forget to also mention this. Do not forget that you need to keep it short and catchy. keep reading Response Essay Examples .

A Sample Response or Reaction Paper

For more insight on Response Essay Examples, here is a report was written by a student in an introductory psychology course. Look at the paper closely to see how it follows the guidelines for report writing described above.

Dr. Viktor Frankl’s book Man’s Search for Meaning ( New York: Washington Square Press, 1966 ) is both an autobiographical account of his years as a prisoner in Nazi concentration camps and a presentation of his ideas about the meaning of life. The three years of deprivation and suffering he spent at Auschwitz and other Nazi camps led to the development of his theory of Logotherapy, which, very briefly, states that the primary force in human beings is “a striving to find a meaning in one’s life” (154). Without a meaning in life, Frankl feels, we experience emptiness and loneliness that lead to apathy and despair. This need for meaning was demonstrated to Frankl time and again with both himself and other prisoners who were faced with the horrors of camp existence. Frankl was able to sustain himself partly through the love he felt for his wife. In a moment of spiritual insight, he realized that his love was stronger and more meaningful than death, and would be a real and sustaining force within him even if he knew his wife was dead.

Reaction Paper

Frankl’s comrades also had reasons to live that gave them strength. One had a child waiting for him; another was a scientist who was working on a series of books that needed to be finished. Finally, Frankl and his friends found meaning through their decision to accept and bear their fate with courage. He says that the words of Dostoevsky came frequently to mind: “There is one thing that I dread: not to be worthy of my suffering.”  When Frankl’s prison experience was over and he returned to his profession of psychiatry, he found that his theory of meaning held true not only for the prisoners but for all people. He has since had great success in working with patients by helping them locate in their own lives’ meanings of love, work, and suffering. One of my reactions to the book was the relationship I saw between the “Capos” and ideas about anxiety, standards, and aggression discussed in our psychology class. The Capos were prisoners who acted as trustees, and Frankl says they acted more cruelly toward the prisoners than the guards or the SS men. Several psychological factors help explain this cruelty. The Capos must have been suppressing intense anxiety about “selling themselves out” to the Nazis in return for small favors. Frankl and other prisoners must have been a constant reminder to the Capos of the courage and integrity they themselves lacked. When our behaviors and values are threatened by someone else acting in a different way, one way we may react is with anger and aggression. The Capos are an extreme example of how, if the situation is right, we may be capable of great cruelty to those whose actions threaten our standards.        I think that Frankl’s idea that meaning is the most important force in human beings helps explain some of the disorder and discontent in the world today. Many people are unhappy because they are caught in jobs where they have no responsibility and creativity; their work lacks meaning. Many are also unhappy because our culture seems to stress sexual technique in social relationships rather than human caring. People buy popular books that may help them become better partners in bed, but that may not make them more sensitive to each other’s human needs. Where there is no real care, there is no meaning. To hide the inner emptiness that results from impersonal work and sex, people busy themselves with the accumulation of material things. With television sets, stereos, cars, expensive clothes, and the like, they try to forget that their lives lack true meaning instead of working or going to school to get a meaningful job, or trying to be decent human beings. I have also found that Frankl’s idea that suffering can have meaning helps me understand the behavior of people I know. I have a friend named Jim who was always poor and did not have much of a family—only a stepmother who never cared for him as much as for her own children. What Jim did have, though, was determination. He worked two jobs to save money to go to school, and then worked and went to school at the same time. The fact that his life was hard seemed to make him bear down all the more. On the other hand, I can think of a man in my neighborhood who for all the years I’ve known him has done nothing with his life. He spends whole days smoking and looking at cars going by. He is a burned-out case. Somewhere in the past his problems must have become too much for him, and he gave up. He could have found meaning in his life by deciding to fight his troubles like Jim, but he didn’t, and now he is a sad shadow of a man. Without determination and the desire to face his hardships, he lost his chance to make his life meaningful. In conclusion, I would strongly recommend Frankl’s book to persons who care about why they are alive, and who want to truly think about the purpose and meaning of their lives

That’s it on Response Essay Examples, I hope you learned one or two from it. I also believe that you will make it on the real deal as you go to tackle it. Do well to also share with your friends.

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    This is what your article critical response essay needs: Introduction: A couple of sentences that gives the reader some insight into your opinion about the topic. Explain why you are writing about this article/subject. Give at least one reason why someone else might be interested in reading it- after all, they are reading your paper!

  11. How to Write a Response Paper Guide With Structure and Example

    For example, it can be something meaningful about the text or your attitude to what you have liked or disliked. Alternatively, it can deal with an assumption that you have made after the reading or a question that you would like to explore. In any case, it must be informative and related to the original text The Response Paper Introduction.

  12. Response essay examples for students

    In any case, each reader response essay example consists of two parts: a summary and a personal reaction. Summary When writing the first part of the work, you should follow these steps: Specify the name and author of the text, the date of publication and the publishing house. Present a short retelling of the material. Use your own wordings.

  13. 5.7: Sample Response Essays

    Sample response paper "Typography and Identity" in PDF with margin notes. Sample response paper "Typography and Identity" accessible version with notes in parentheses. This page titled 5.7: Sample Response Essays is shared under a CC BY-NC 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Anna Mills ( ASCCC Open Educational Resources ...

  14. How to Write a Critical Response Essay With Examples and Tips

    Writing Steps of a Critical Response Essay Step 1: Pre-Writing A. Analysis of Writing Situation Purpose. Before a student begins writing a critical response essay, he or she must identify the main reason for communication to the audience by using a formal essay format.

  15. Writing a Response or Reaction Paper

    PART 1: A SUMMARY OF THE WORK To develop the first part of a report, do the following: Identify the author and title of the work and include in parentheses the publisher and publication date. For magazines, give the date of publication. Write an informative summary of the material.

  16. How to Write a Reader Response (with Examples)

    To write a reader response, develop a clear thesis statement and choose example passages from the text that support your thesis. Next, write an introduction paragraph that specifies the name of the text, the author, the subject matter, and your thesis. Then, include 3-4 paragraphs that discuss and analyze the text. Finish up with a conclusion paragraph that summarizes your arguments and brings ...

  17. Critical response essay examples: How to Write a Critical Response

    Critical response essay examples need to keep in mind that when structuring your introduction, there are a few important pieces to it: first, you want to connect the literature that was mentioned in the body of the paper with what you are planning on writing about in this essay; second, include quotes from both the article and other sources so ...

  18. Response Essay Examples

    75 Best Response Essay Examples "Supersize Your Child" by Richard Hayes Genetic engineering on the other hand is the manipulation of the genetic structure of an organism where the major procedure is that of combining different genetic forms, so as to nurture desired features and shed [...] Subjects: Evolution of Humans Sciences Pages: 4 Words: 1189

  19. How to use ChatGPT to help you write essays

    1. Use ChatGPT to generate essay ideas. Before you can even get started writing an essay, you need to flesh out the idea. When professors assign essays, they generally give students a prompt that ...

  20. Critical Response Essay-Overview and Example

    Critical Response Essay Example. A critical response essay can analyze a piece of nonfiction or fiction writing. Below is an example paragraph from a critical response essay. The main parts of the ...

  21. Example of a Great Essay

    An essay is a focused piece of writing that explains, argues, describes, or narrates.. In high school, you may have to write many different types of essays to develop your writing skills.. Academic essays at college level are usually argumentative: you develop a clear thesis about your topic and make a case for your position using evidence, analysis and interpretation.

  22. 20 Response Essay Topics

    The Writing Process of a Response Essay: From Pre-Writing to Post-Writing Stages. When preparing a response essay, it is essential to get the writing process right. As such, find out the following strategy of writing a response paper and look for some response paper sample online: Pre-Writing Stage

  23. 100+ Inspirational Response Essay Topics For Students [2022]

    100 Inspirational Response Essay Topics. The impact of global competitiveness in the field of employment. The influence of drug abuse on young adults. The effects of globalisation and how far is it advantageous. The role of young working mothers in today's fast moving world. Job satisfaction in today's work culture.

  24. Current School News

    Response Essay Examples that will Give you Full Insight 2022 Update Filed in Education by TMLT Editorials on January 18, 2022 Tags: Essay, Essay Examples, Response Essay, Response Essay Examples, Response Essay Examples that will Give you Full Insight. « Essay Examples topics you should know at your Fingertips 2022 Update