Goals and Goal Setting
Goals Common to All RST Writers
Other Goals to Consider
Defining My Own Goals
Advice about Assignments
Getting Started: Listing Topics to Write about in the Tutorial
Narrative One: Personal Piece on a Significant Experience
Narrative Two: Academic Piece on a Significant Experience
Tutorial Evaluation Postscript
On Using the Resources for Writers
Generating and Developing Ideas
Finding/Expressing Main Ideas
Showing v. Telling Sentences
Focusing Topic Sentences
Assessing Your Reading Strategies
Writing Effective Summary and Response Essays
Discourse Analysis Worksheet
A summary is a concise paraphrase of all the main ideas in an essay. It cites the author and the title (usually in the first sentence); it contains the essay's thesis and supporting ideas; it may use direct quotation of forceful or concise statements of the author's ideas; it will NOT usually cite the author's examples or supporting details unless they are central to the main idea. Most summaries present the major points in the order that the author made them and continually refer back to the article being summarized (i.e. "Damon argues that ..." or "Goodman also points out that ... "). The summary should take up no more than one-third the length of the work being summarized.
A response is a critique or evaluation of the author's essay. Unlike the summary, it is composed of YOUR opinions in relation to the article being summarized. It examines ideas that you agree or disagree with and identifies the essay's strengths and weaknesses in reasoning and logic, in quality of supporting examples, and in organization and style. A good response is persuasive; therefore, it should cite facts, examples, and personal experience that either refutes or supports the article you're responding to, depending on your stance.
Two Typical Organizational Formats for Summary/Response Essays:
1. Present the summary in a block of paragraphs, followed by the response in a block:
Intro/thesis Summary (two to three paragraphs) Agreement (or disagreement) Disagreement (or agreement) Conclusion
Note: Some essays will incorporate both agreement and disagreement in a response, but this is not mandatory.
2. Introduce the essay with a short paragraph that includes your thesis. Then, each body paragraph summarizes one point and responds to it, and a conclusion wraps the essay up.
Intro/thesis Summary point one; agree/disagree Summary point two; agree/disagree Summary point three; agree/disagree Conclusion
How to Write a Response Paper
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Most of the time when you are tasked with an essay about a book or article you've read for a class, you will be expected to write in a professional and impersonal voice. But the regular rules change a bit when you write a response paper.
A response (or reaction) paper differs from the formal review primarily in that it is written in the first person . Unlike in more formal writing, the use of phrases like "I thought" and "I believe" is encouraged in a response paper.
You'll still have a thesis and will need to back up your opinion with evidence from the work, but this type of paper spotlights your individual reaction as a reader or viewer.
Read and Respond
For a response paper, you still need to write a formal assessment of the work you're observing (this could be anything created, such as a film, a work of art, a piece of music, a speech, a marketing campaign, or a written work), but you will also add your own personal reaction and impressions to the report.
The steps for completing a reaction or response paper are:
- Observe or read the piece for an initial understanding.
- Mark interesting pages with a sticky flag or take notes on the piece to capture your first impressions.
- Reread the marked pieces and your notes and stop to reflect often.
- Record your thoughts.
- Develop a thesis.
- Write an outline.
- Construct your essay.
It may be helpful to imagine yourself watching a movie review as you're preparing your outline. You will use the same framework for your response paper: a summary of the work with several of your own thoughts and assessments mixed in.
The First Paragraph
After you have established an outline for your paper, you need to craft the first draft of the essay using all the basic elements found in any strong paper, including a strong introductory sentence .
In the case of a reaction essay, the first sentence should contain both the title of the work to which you are responding and the name of the author.
The last sentence of your introductory paragraph should contain a thesis statement . That statement will make your overall opinion very clear.
Stating Your Opinion
There's no need to feel shy about expressing your own opinion in a position paper, even though it may seem strange to write "I feel" or "I believe" in an essay.
In the sample here, the writer analyzes and compares the plays but also manages to express personal reactions. There's a balance struck between discussing and critiquing the work (and its successful or unsuccessful execution) and expressing a reaction to it.
When writing a response essay, you can include statements like the following:
- I felt that
- In my opinion
- The reader can conclude that
- The author seems to
- I did not like
- This aspect didn't work for me because
- The images seemed to
- The author was [was not] successful in making me feel
- I was especially moved by
- I didn't understand the connection between
- It was clear that the artist was trying to
- The soundtrack seemed too
- My favorite part was...because
Tip : A common mistake in personal essays it to resort to insulting comments with no clear explanation or analysis. It's OK to critique the work you are responding to, but you still need to back up your feelings, thoughts, opinions, and reactions with concrete evidence and examples from the work. What prompted the reaction in you, how, and why? What didn't reach you and why?
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What Response Essays Are and How to Tackle Them
Writing a response essay might seem like a challenging task at first. Firstly, you need to understand to a great extent what the study that you are responding to is talking about and then make sure that you write an insightful, true to the source essay about it. Even if you need to write a response essay as part of your homework for faculty studies or high school assignments or you want to exercise your argumentative skills, it might seem like a lot of work at first. However, having in mind a clear structure of your future response essay is essential.
Before beginning to go through the main structure points that you need to check when writing a response essay, there are some tips that you need to know and that will help you lay your thoughts on paper in a more efficient way. First of all, after reading the essay or the article that you are responding to, you need to settle on whether you want to attack the ideas presented in that article or to agree with them. Based on that, you will structure the components of your response essay. For example, if your response essay is talking about protecting the environment and you want to show your agreement with the ideas presented in the original essay, then you should build your response essay around the idea of consolidating the thoughts in the main source.
Secondly, it is important that your readers clearly understand your position after reading your response essay. This means that you need to expose all possible arguments which might strengthen or attack the ideas presented in the main article. In order for you to achieve a strong position, it might be helpful to also expose a personal experience that can be related to the topic you are writing an essay about. This will not only make your argument points stronger but will also help your readers empathize with your writing. Also, it is important that you keep in mind that your response essay should be a response to something you have read, something that is a hot topic at the moment in various social contexts or something that has been debated for a long time and you want to present a new approach to things.
You also have to keep in mind that the more knowledge you show to your audience in your response essay about the author and the topic that is being debated, the more credibility you will gain. Read some cause or effect essay topics to get inspired. This is why it is important to also present a context in your response essay, such as details about the author and the paper you are choosing to respond to. Finally, after debating the ideas of the original text, you can also choose to talk about the effectiveness of the source text. It can be about how the main paper managed to reach the audience, if the writing style was effective, and how the author you are responding to had chosen to expose their ideas.
If we were to summarize the main points you should keep in mind before starting to tackle the components of a response essay, these would be:
- Make sure to clearly expose your position regarding the article or paper you are responding to
- Don’t forget to expose the personal experiences or thoughts that might help you relate to the matter in question and your reader to empathize with your way of writing
- Prove that you have knowledge about the author of the main text and can put your response essay in a context
- Evaluate the main text’s effectiveness and how it managed to reach the audience
Get Started: Write an Introduction
One important thing when writing a response essay is the way you structure the introduction. This is one of the key parts of your essay, as it embodies the topic you are about to debate and the premises you are basing your essay on. The introduction will make your audience decide if they want to keep reading your response essay or not. This is why it is important that you keep in mind the following tips:
- Introduction is all about catching your audience’s attention
- It should provide a brief description of the topic
- You should be able to briefly summarize your thesis
- Don’t forget to give a short description of the author and the article you are responding to
It might be the case that the source article that you are about to discuss contains several parts or has different ideas which can be debated and your response article refers only to a part of them. In this case, don’t forget to also mention this. Do not forget that you need to keep it short and catchy.
How to Make Your Introduction Catchy – Introduction Ideas
Writing a catchy introduction that will make your reader read the whole response article is challenging. This is why you will find here some ideas to start with, such as:
- Making use of a statistic: some puzzling conclusion that researchers might have reached at some point and which is relevant to the topic you are about to respond to.
- Citing someone who is related to the area of expertise of your topic or is known for having deep knowledge about the topic. The more popular the person you are citing is, the more efficient your introduction will be.
- Story-telling or reproducing a dialogue might also help, provided they are relevant and short.
- Starting with a question or with a situation regarding the topic you are about to talk about might also be a good introduction idea.
You might even want to combine some of these ideas and write your introduction based on an example and a statistic or any other possible combination. Whatever you choose, make sure it stays to the point and is catchy to the eye of the reader.
How You Can Connect Introduction to Conclusion
Another important aspect that you need to consider when writing your introduction to the response essay is that you need to somehow connect it to the conclusion. In order for you to achieve a perfectly cyclic response essay, you need to find a way to make the two feel correspondent. This will help your response essay have a “frame” and will help your writing style be more efficient.
It might be a bit difficult at first to start with an introduction and end with a conclusion that are connected, mostly if you want to write very long and thorough response essays. However, one important suggestion that might help is to always make sure that before starting off your response essay, you are clear about the ideas and position you want to present. This will help you avoid changing your position as you advance in writing your essay and make your introduction and conclusion connected, giving a sense of symmetry to your text.
Below you can find some examples of how you can connect your introduction with the conclusion:
- If you are writing about the usage of mobile devices in our everyday life, you could start your introduction by exposing a real-life experience, maybe someone who is driving to work on a normal day and is stuck in traffic. You could start by asking your readers what they would do on their phones as they wait in traffic and end with several possible outcomes of this scenario.
- If you are choosing to present an essay about a personal experience and you start with an introduction about how a certain day started in your life, you could end your essay with how that day ended. This way, you will make sure you keep your readers connected to the story and have their attention all throughout the essay.
- If you decide to write about any other topic, such as a topic of national importance or even an environmental topic, you could start by stating the facts to which you want to draw the attention and end with the facts about the current situation or how it can be improved.
How to Write a Strong Thesis
After making sure that you have caught your readers’ attention, it is all about making it clear to them what your position regarding the source article is. However, you should also provide a context to your response article by mentioning details about the author and the main ideas in the article that you have chosen to respond to. It can be that you are choosing to respond only partially, to a few of the ideas presented there, so this is the reason why it is important to clearly state the ideas of the article you want to respond to. Make sure to give an account of whatever it is debated in the article, by presenting the information in an objective way. At this point, it is more important for your readers to understand what you are trying to agree or disagree with than hear your personal opinion. Also, exposing the ideas of the source text in an objective, impersonal way will help your readers decide for themselves if the position you are taking is one that they would take or not.
Afterwards, it is vital that you expose what is known as “thesis statement” by allocating one paragraph in which you clearly state if you agree or disagree with the main topic presented in the source text. This should start with “I agree/I don’t agree with” and should be followed by a short and powerful message about the main reason why you are taking this position regarding that text.
The next step is to talk more about the reasons you are considering attacking or agreeing with the ideas presented in the original text. This can be done by either reviewing what the author is saying or just expanding on the main ideas. You can, for example, try to understand why the author has reached a certain conclusion that you are debating by trying to relate it to the author’s background or career. It can be that the author has chosen to promote oil drilling because they work in a factory that wants to make this process a sustainable one. It is important that you stay true to your debate and present the situation from both points of view: yours and the author’s.
How to Respond to Articles – Ideas
After tackling the introduction and the conclusion, the main body of your response essay is left to deal with. This is mainly the way in which you choose to present the source text and where you are standing regarding it. It is up to you if you choose to agree or disagree, however, what you have to keep in mind is that you need to be consistent and stay true to the topic you have chosen to debate.
One way to do that is to map the main three components of the response essay, namely, the introduction, body, and conclusion. Here are some helpful suggestions on how to structure your responding ideas:
- Whether you agree or disagree, you can state 3 or more reasons for which you are doing so. Make sure to start each new paragraph and allocate enough space for your ideas to be clearly distinguished and stated.
- If you are partially agreeing or disagreeing, make sure to always mention that so that your readers will clearly understand your position.
- It is always important to see how the author’s ideas managed to reach the audience and in which ways the ideas were brought forward.
How to Better Structure the Body of the Response Essay
Make sure to utilize evidence to back-up your thesis. In order to do this, you can use quotes, author tags or simply rely on other readings and give references.
Make sure that you achieve a personal voice throughout the text. This can be done by differentiating yourself from the author and using author tags.
By using author tags, you communicate to your readers the fact that it is the author you are responding to who has a certain idea or it is their article that makes this reference. You can use any of these suggestions when talking about someone’s article:
- The author mentions
- The author refers to
- The author is suggesting
- The author writes
- The author asks
- The author recommends
- The author is presenting
- The author points out
- The author relates
- The author pleads
- The author denies
- The author’s remarks point to
- The author explains
Write a Conclusion Your Readers Won’t Forget
One important thing to keep in mind when writing a conclusion to your response essay is that you shouldn’t repeat the arguments in the same form in which you have presented them in the body. Offering a conclusion to your response article is still needed, as this will help your readers make a clear decision whether they agree or disagree with the ideas presented in your response essay.
Besides making sure that your essay is built around a very powerful introduction and a conclusion that sums up the main ideas of your position regarding this essay, you can also:
- Present the topic that you have been debating throughout the essay in a broader perspective; for example, if the topic you are tackling is national, you can connect this topic to the situation in other countries worldwide
- Promote an organization or an event that has some influence on the topic you have been responding to
- Present the current situation of the topic you are talking about and ring the alarm if anything needs to be done about it
- Summarize how your arguments shed a new light on the topic
A Brief Summary of How a Response Essay Should Look Like
Keeping everything in mind, the essential parts of a response essay and the main suggestions that you have to keep in mind when starting to write are:
- Paragraph 1: The first part of the introduction which needs to be vivid, catchy and reflect the point you are about to make.
- Paragraph 2: Provide a context to your response essay: details about the source-text and the author and what the main points in the article are.
- State your position regarding the ideas presented in the introduction and if you agree with the author’s take on the matter or not.
- Clearly mention if you are going to question the author’s position or expand on the author’s account of the facts.
- Give clear arguments pro or against the matter and allocate one paragraph to each of these arguments.
- Use statistics, story-telling, research findings, scientific discoveries, and any other tools suggested in this article.
- Provide an insightful and catchy conclusion that correlates with the introduction you have chosen for your response essay.
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How to Write a Strong Response Essay
- DESCRIPTION Woman writing a strong response essay
- SOURCE Ivan-balvan / iStock / Getty Images Plus
A response essay is your opinion of a work, including but not limited to songs, books, poems, films, and art. Response essays include two parts. Not only will you provide an overview of the work, but you'll share your response to it as well. Get an outline of the process for how to write a response essay from the prewriting to the final piece.
How to Write a Response Essay
A response essay seems like it would be easy, right? It’s just your opinion about a work. However, response essay writing has several parts.
Select a Topic
Before you even begin writing your essay , think about the topic you want to cover. Response essays can be about anything. Check out different media, such as art, music, and literature, to see which you’re most passionate about and can provide the best response for. Choosing something enjoyable can make the task of writing a response piece much easier.
Record Thoughts & Reactions
With a topic at hand, give it a critical listen, viewing, or read. For example, for a song, listen to it again. While listening, record your reactions. Keep these different questions in mind:
- How did you feel?
- What did you think about the song?
- What aspects did you like?
- What could have been done differently?
- Describe the aspects you didn’t like.
- Was the composer successful in what they were trying to convey?
- Did the melody work with the lyrics?
- Was there a disconnect anywhere?
- Was anything about the piece unclear?
These questions can be modified based on the piece. For example, for a piece of art, look more at the colors or type of art and how this creates different reactions. For a piece of literature or a film, examine the plot devices and characters and how they worked cohesively.
The point is to start thinking critically about the work and your response. This will help in the creation of the thesis.
Create a Thesis Statement
A good thesis statement packs a lot of punch into a small sentence. It provides an overview of the opinions you plan to convey. For example, if your response to a song was horrible, state that in your thesis along with the points you will make to show it was horrible.
Thesis statements aren’t concrete. As you begin molding your essay, you might find your thesis statement changing and morphing. This is completely okay. As you summarize the work and your response, you may start to see something you missed.
Creating an Outline & Writing Your Paper
An outline isn’t a necessity. However, it’ll make the process of writing the actual paper easier because everything will be ready. The paper has four basic components.
- Introduction - The first sentence of the intro contains the title of the work and the author/creator. The introduction ends with your thesis.
- Summary the piece - Provide a summary of what the piece is, publication, important aspects, main points, important quotes, etc.
- Reaction to the work - Add your reaction, how the material related to you, how it didn’t relate to you, whether you agree with the author, whether you disagree, etc.
- Conclusion - Summarize the work and your response and restate your thesis.
Your outline doesn’t have to be neat. But using a keyword or sentence outline structure can ensure all the thoughts and ideas are in order.
Tips for Writing a Response Essay
All the prep you’ve put in will now pay off! Keep these points in mind as you write.
- Create topic sentences based on the main points.
- Make sure to use statements like 'I felt', 'in my opinion', 'I liked', 'I was moved by', etc.
- Use transition words to flow between paragraphs.
- Double-check your thesis statement to ensure the body of your paper supports it.
- Reread your work after completion to ensure you covered all your main points.
- Run spell check for grammar and spelling errors.
Writing a Response Essay
Compared to descriptive and expository essays , a response essay is relatively easy because you’re talking about your feelings. However, they still take a lot of work. Follow all the steps to make sure you get that A!
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How to Write a Summary and Response Essay
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Very often students are required to perform different academic assignments during their educational process, such as writing an analysis, thesis, research papers, various articles, and essays, etc. For many students writing an essay is a chance to demonstrate their abilities as the author, authenticity, and freshness of their thinking.
If we are talking about the skills to summarize, generalize the main ideas, make some conclusions and transfer it into the essay in your own words, summary and response kinds of essay take the significant place here. So let’s take a look at these types of the essay in more details.
The summary is a shortened version of text presentation. The key function of the summary is to convey the subject and the main ideas of the author of the article, scientific or literature work, its most important theses and differences from other articles of the same subject. In other words, it is a combination of short content and objective characterization of the text.
Its purpose is to attract the attention of the reader, to awaken the reader’s interest by combining the essence of the work with the minimum amount of language tools. Thanks to the summary the reader gets an opportunity to make a tentative presentation about the unfamiliar to him work or article and find the necessary information in it. A good summary should demonstrate the features of the article in terms of its purpose and content, novelty, relevance, and uniqueness to the audience, without quoting and retelling the text of the author.
A Response is a brief form of written evaluation or critique of the work that contains conclusions and comments of the person from the audience. The core function of the response is to attract the attention of the audience to the principal points and questions of certain work, give an objective assessment of the author and leave the own impression. A strong response analyzes the ideas you agree or disagree with, and determines the strong and weak sites of the essay in accordance with logic, style, text organization and quality of a thesis statement and supporting examples.
In contrast to review, the response provides a general description of the work without a detailed analysis, but it includes practical tips. Also, it should be written in a first person, with using such expressions, as “I think,” “I believe,” “As for me,” etc.
Steps in Writing
In order to write an effective summary or response essay, it is important that students have a good understanding of the material they are working on, so it is worth considering the stages of working on the text. There are the following steps:
- Look through the article, including the title, subtitles, the first paragraph, the first sentence of each paragraph and the last paragraph. Try to understand what is said in the text and determine the type of this text;
- Read the article, underline the main idea sentence in every paragraph;
- Write down the key facts and thoughts in your own words. Find the information that confirms these key facts, but do not go into details;
- Briefly summarize the conclusions made by the author in one sentence;
- Start writing your essay using your own notes without looking into the original;
- Re-read the essay you have written, make sure it does not repeat the author and check for errors.
Here are some tips to make your writing more effective and more interesting to the audience:
- Your summary should be about one-third of the length of the original article.
- Summarize the material briefly and do not use complex terminology so that the audience can easily perceive it. Your goal is to interest the reader and the audience so the language should be diverse, lively and clear.
- Give clear supporting arguments while writing the essay when expressing your or someone else’s point of view on the topic.
- In order to present material in a consistent and logical form, it is better to use simple sentences, introductory phrases and linking words in the essay, like by the way, in addition, it becomes obvious that…, etc.
Two Typical Formats for Summary/Response Essays
There are the following requirements for the structure and content of summary and response essays:
Summary essay template
- Title of the article and the name of the author (using APA format and MLA format).
- Summary of the main point of the author.
- Points you agree with the author.
- Points you disagree with the author.
- Supporting details. Examples.
- Response essay template
- Title of the article and name of the author (using APA format and MLA format).
- A brief summary of the main ideas of the author.
- Thesis statement: you agree or disagree.
- Supporting paragraph 1. Example.
- Supporting paragraph 2. Example.
- Supporting paragraph 3. Example.
Example of a summary and response essay
Here are some examples of how to write summary and response essay to the article:
«What Running Can’t Do for You» by James F. Fixx
Summary: In his article entitled «What Running Can’t Do for You» James F. Fixx criticizes those who talk about running as if it were a religion. The author maintains that there is an obvious and significant difference between these two pursuits. The runner, he observes, is interested in himself and is running for his own improvement and satisfaction, while traditional religion has to do with «caring about other people, or with compassion or with self-sacrifice» While Fixx agrees that running is a worthwhile hobby, he nevertheless concludes his article with a plea to the reader to accept running for what it can do, but not to confuse this sport with more spiritual and ethical activities.
Response: In this article, «What Running Can’t Do for You» James F. Fixx attempts to persuade the reader not to exaggerate the benefits of running. Because the author was an avid jogger who had written books and articles publicizing the value of jogging, a reader may very likely anticipate that this article, too, was written to encourage the reader may very likely anticipate that this article, too, was written to encourage the reader to take up Fixx’s favorite sport. Consequently, in his title, the author already alerts the reader to expect something different. The title, «What Running Can’t Do for You» indicates that, in this article, the author is going to suggest some limitations to running which he would like the reader to consider.
Why does Fixx say that treating running as a religion is «silly» and perhaps even «slightly dangerous»? We can see the answer to this question when we consider his comparison of religion and running and when we note his assumptions about religion.
Analyzing the reasons why some people have confused running with religion, the author draws on his own personal experience, pointing out that running does make the individual «feel better, look better, have more energy, and think more clearly.»
Clearly, Fixx admits that the benefits from running are considerable. However, he is concerned that when we go so far as to equate running with religion, we «deflect our attention from concerns that are far more important than getting into a pair of Adidases and breathing hard before breakfast.» Thus, the author concludes his essay with a plea to the reader to accept running for what it can do and not elevate it to a religious activity.
So, the summary is a brief, concise presentation of the material or a synthesis of the main ideas of the author presented in any source of information. Response unlike the summary gives the objective evaluation of a certain article. The ability to write a good, competent summary shows that a person has achieved a maximum understanding of the meaning of the article, that he is able to single out the main ideas of the author and is able to convey his understanding of what he has read.
Besides, a properly compiled summary or response essay to the article is a guarantee that the reader will definitely want to get acquainted.
This essay was written by a fellow student. You may use it as a guide or sample for writing your own paper, but remember to cite it correctly . Don’t submit it as your own as it will be considered plagiarism.
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How to Write a Summary and Response Essay. (2018, Dec 26). Retrieved from https://happyessays.com/how-to-write-a-summary-and-response-essay/
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Article Response - Essay Example
- Subject: History
- Type: Essay
- Level: Masters
- Pages: 1 (250 words)
- Downloads: 2
- Author: cara32
Extract of sample "Article Response"
Insert Article Response Article What I agree with In my opinion, people are now more creative and have awider variety of topics to share with the society they live in. All the issues in the society are addressed by the pop music the youth listen. For example, not all the youths or music in pop talks about sex and drugs. Some educate people of the bad norms in the society and even give solution to the problems faced.Pop culture defined life to the youth 50 years ago. I agree on the point that pop/youth cultural influences have dramatically changed in their own ways over the course of time, but the basic nature and foundation have stayed the same as artists now are still talking about the same or similar things just in different contexts.
However, not only the artist but also the society, in general, has changed in the content of their discussions and language. What I disagree withPop culture is inspired by that of the older generation. Youth culture was not only inspired by the older generation but other issues also contributed to the existence of the pop culture 50 years ago. For example, compulsory education made the interaction of the adults and the youth less often and, therefore, the creation of the youth culture because they shared experiences and meanings for things affecting them.
This pop culture has values, which are conflicting the earlier generations. Each generation has their own set of social, political, economic and ideological conditions. They share some or common experiences therefore behavior; expectations and values are very different from each other. The evolution of youth culture is significant and very interesting; that is why I disagree that the pop culture now is not significant because of the artist running out of things to say. Article 2What I agree withThe Rolling Stone culture was intended to be the barometer of the artistic taste and political sensibilities of the student generation.
The success was because of its ability to cover constantly changing politics, music and culture. The magazine offers indebt political stories, for example, the wild and terrifying inside story of America’s war in Afghanistan. The magazine served as the platform in which the Americans could discuss issues ranging from politics music and culture. What I disagree withIt exposed the culture of the senior American military and how they were involved in the war. These were the things affecting them now, and it was best discussed in a public arena like the rolling stone magazine.
People used the magazine to express their displeasure of the war and the effects it brought to them as citizens of America.
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How to write a critical response essay
A critical response essay, ( also referred to as a critical reaction essay ), is an important tool in college used by lecturers to gauge what students know and understand on a given topic. When students have been assigned to write a critical response essay, they are expected to respond with an in-depth analysis of the article, giving their opinion on it based on their understanding of the background information that was provided along with any other necessary information they may be aware of. This is the most effective way for instructors and lecturers to tell whether or not their students understood the lecture material well enough that they can now apply it in a meaningful manner
Let us now define critical response essay:
What is a critical response essay?
A critical response essay is type of an essay in which a student offers her/his own critical reflection on either a book, movie or any other relevant piece of literature. The essay offers the opinion and evaluation of the object’s content and structure, so that it may help you to better understand the work. Remember, this kind of essays are not to be copied from somewhere else; they are entirely based on your thoughts about an issue.
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The first reason as to why it is important to learn how to write a critical response essay stems from the fact that in order to effectively write any paper one must thoroughly review and analyze its subject matter beforehand. This process allows you to gain insight into what exactly you should write about and how you will structure your paper, so that it flows logically.
Essays are a learning tools where you can let loose your creativity, voice your own opinions and thoughts. This is why the creation of a critical response essay is not a simple task to accomplish. You must dive into the world of books or movies in order to conduct an effective analysis of them and find new perspectives no one else has noticed before or at least share yours with other people in a way they can easily relate to.
Critical response essays require thorough research, deep understanding of the issue under question as well as creative approach towards it, since after all this kind of papers are centered around personal opinion rather than strictly following some academic standards.
All in all, a critical response essay should be based on thorough analysis of the work’s content and structure (or other relevant aspects). It must also provide the reader with one’s own opinion about the issue under question, so that they could relate to your ideas. The instructions and requirements for this type of custom essays are very specific and you will find more detailed information on how to compose them in our writers’ guidelines.
Now, let’s review the process of writing our essay below.
How to Write a Critical Response Essay
Here are the steps involved when writing a good critical response essay. These steps are not to be followed word by word, rather they should act as an aid when you need it most. If you follow this guide, you will be in a better position to write grade winning college response essay .
Here are the steps:
Step 1: Familiarize yourself with the topic.
Get familiar with the requirements of your teacher and focus on them; they will most likely include some or all of the following elements: a specific book, movie, play, a particular theme(s) to be discussed as well as its background information. Read through the entire work under question and make sure you understand what exactly is being discussed in it;
For example find out whether this is a fictional or non-fictional piece and who was its author. The more knowledge you gather about the subject matter before starting writing your paper, the easier it will be for you to provide an effective analysis.
Step 2: Notes collection:
Collect notes and information about this work, book, movie that might be relevant while writing your paper;
for example read critics’ reviews or view additional online materials, like movie trailers, so that you can expand on the argumentation in your essay.
Step 3: Analyze all aspects of the issue:
Get ready to analyze every aspect of the issue: content, structure, theme(s), background information as well as personal opinions of experts and writers (you can use one of them as a source for citing if you want).
This is the stage when you should be most creative and think outside the box in order to find new perspectives no one else has explored or presented before.
Step 4: Collect and analyse sources:
Collect at least 5-7 sources of all kinds: books, journals , articles etc., which are relevant to the subject and support your arguments in a way that is consistent with the topic of your essay.
Always make sure that you cite them properly using MLA or APA style formats; otherwise, it will be considered plagiarism and you could get into serious trouble later on.
Step 5: Start writing:
Start off by introducing the work, book, or movie briefly by saying what exactly it is about, who was its author (if known), why do they think this particular piece should be read or watched etc. Make sure you specify the title of this work from the beginning.
Next, proceed by analyzing different aspects of this work: content, structure , main theme(s) and information related to background details either introduced in book or movie (or play) itself or elaborated by experts/other writers.
This step can be further divided into two more sub-steps;
In the first one you should try to provide a deep analysis of these aspects, possibly supported by examples from the work and then proceed to draw conclusions about them; additionally, make sure that your arguments are consistent with the requirements of your teacher.
On the other hand, if you believe that some elements of the work require additional explanation please elaborate on them further.
In this part of your essay it is also important to discuss any possible controversies or discrepancies associated with main theme(s) of this paper , thus allowing readers to better understand it. One way to do so is through personal opinion based on knowledge gained while reviewing different sources (if there is an opinion of an expert you can use, his or her thoughts and ideas are most welcome).
Now it is time to summarize everything that has been said before: make sure to introduce what the main theme(s) of this work were and then proceed by wrapping up all your points; additionally, you can provide a short outline of the situation as well as relate these points back to its overall context.
Finally, always keep in mind that purpose of critical response essay isn’t simply to analyze something but rather present new perspectives on current issues; therefore, never hesitate when showing off your knowledge!
Step 6: Revise your essay:
Once you have finished writing make sure to read it over and find out whether all aspects of your paper are consistent with the argumentation provided in them.
It is important to check that all facts are accurate, there aren’t any spelling/grammatical mistakes as well as ensure that you haven’t plagiarized someone else’s work. If using directly quoted sources (books, journals, articles), make sure they are cited properly either through parenthesis or footnotes at the bottom of each page.
When done proofreading go back and re-read your essay as if you were your teacher;
make sure that everything is clear for readers: transition from one statement to another should be logical and coherent. If necessary add additional outlines and explanations to make sure that the main idea behind your argumentation is properly conveyed to readers.
Step 7: Make final adjustments:
Once you are satisfied with everything that has been said, it is time to check whether all necessary elements of critical response essay have been included (i.e., introduction, conclusion and bibliography).
Make sure these elements support each other and help you explain your points in an efficient way possible; additionally, ensure that all sources used in your paper are cited correctly using either parenthesis or footnotes placed at the bottom of each page in a standardized formatting style (MLA or APA).
Thus making process easier for readers who wish to pursue further study into this issue.
Structure of a critical response essay
The structure of a good critical response essay or reaction paper is pretty easy to follow. It’s a lot easier than you might think to write an effective essay of this type, and it will also help you in your academic life later (where the professor expects well-written critical essays).Here is a structure for a 5 paragraph critical response essay:
The introduction briefly mention the author’s contentions (the arguments in the article) and your findings about it (refer to specific information or examples that support why you have reached these conclusions). The purpose of this is to help give context for what the reader will be reading next and also to show how you interpreted piece of writing.
Body paragraph 1.
In this paragraph, you want discuss some main ideas found in the passage/article. Be sure to use quotations and evidence from textbook or other sources as proof while you are giving your interpretation on their meaning(s). Be sure to connect your sentences together by using transitions like “First”, “Second”, or “Moreover” so make sure you have good transitions as a flow of your paper.
Body Paragraph 2
This paragraph is pretty much the same concept as body paragraph 1, but different evidence/quotes will be used to show how you reached these conclusions in this paragraph. Again, use transitions like “First”, “Second”, or “Moreover”. It is also important to note that after each quote there should be a comma, so make sure when you are typing up your paper, you properly format it by pressing enter after each quote and before writing another sentence; otherwise the reader will get confused with what you are trying to say.
Body Paragraph 3
This paragraph is similar to the previous paragraphs; however, in this paragraph you are going to talk about how a specific quotation/evidence used in those previous body paragraphs supports your interpretation of that quote/evidence. You can include your counter-arguments here
You want to restate why you stated earlier about how (the author’s) position makes sense and how you (the reader) have reached the conclusion that what he/she is saying makes sense.
You want to include a sentence about where you got your information from. Be sure to use correct MLA or APA referencing formatting when you cite your sources in the text of the paper, not just at the end where all your works cited page would go.
Example Template – How to write a critical response essay to an article
When you have been asked to write a critical article response essay, one of the things that you’ll want to write is a good introduction, as well as three body paragraphs.
The most difficult part in writing the critical article response essay will be structuring your paper correctly by having an effective introduction and conclusion – which are both extremely important for this essay type – along with three well-written paragraphs which discuss your findings on how the author has reached his/her argument.
This is what your article critical response essay needs:
A couple of sentences that gives the reader some insight into your opinion about the topic. Explain why you are writing about this article/subject. Give at least one reason why someone else might be interested in reading it- after all, they are reading your paper!
Here is where the background information that was mentioned earlier gets used; however, this section should go further than just introducing readers to background info about the article topic. You need to keep in mind that when structuring your introduction, there are a few important pieces to it:
first, you want to connect the literature that was mentioned in the body of the paper with what you are planning on writing about in this essay;
second, include quotes from both (the article) and other sources so long as they support your argument. You may also include a quote from the author(s) who wrote the article.
Then at the end of this section write a sentence explaining why reading this essay will be beneficial for readers along with how they can benefit from these points.
In each paragraph, discuss ONE thing from the piece of writing that was either done well or could have been done better. Use examples from the text to support your opinion.
- Body Paragraph 1: In this paragraph just like the other body paragraphs, you want to include: Introduction of a topic that will be discussed in paragraph 2. You also want to use background information from the article here as well. Are you basically just explaining what the author has been trying to say within his/her article?
- Body Paragraph 2: This is pretty much like your first body paragraph except it’s different because now you are going deeper into (the author’s) main points and giving examples; how they make sense by using specific evidence/quotes from the text or textbook. You want to do this for both paragraphs 1 & 2 of your 3-para essay; each one should have its own definition/topic sentence and examples given from two different parts of the text/article.
- Body Paragraph 3: This paragraph is similar to the previous paragraphs; however, in this paragraph you are going to talk about how a specific quotation/evidence used in those previous body paragraphs supports your interpretation of that quote/evidence. You can include your counter-arguments here , but remember – this is not an argument essay. In order to make the perfect paper for a critical article response assignment, you will have to stick within the topic as well as stay on topic when writing this assessment of literature piece.
You want to restate why you stated earlier about how (the author’s) position makes sense and how you (the reader) have reached the conclusion that you’ve reached after reading the article. Now in your conclusion you want to make sure that you point out whether or not (your) opinion(s) have changed from before you read this paper or if they stayed the same and why.
- Cite all references if you quote more than 5 lines of text from a larger piece of writing (movie, website, etc.)- use MLA formatting for this to be professional looking.
- Don’t talk about things in the article that aren’t mentioned in it!
- If any part seems difficult, try reworking it or asking another student for advice on how to word something better. We’ve been there too, and we’re here to help!
Critical response essay writing help
Nowadays writing essays about different aspects of books , movies and plays is one of the easiest ways to show off your knowledge while writing them; as such, if you are looking for a better solution on how to come up with critical response essay make sure to take advantage of our custom essay writing services !
If you want to grab top marks for every single assignment you write, pay our professional writers and they will do all the hard work for you.
You can either order a general paper or ask our experts to create something special according to your individual needs. In any case, feel free to contact us via phone or live chat at any time! We want you to get what you paid for – a high-quality essay that would meet all your requirements.
And do not forget to ask us about any other kind of paper you might need writing help with and we will find an expert for you who can easily handle writing it according to your needs.
That’s it, guys! We sincerely hope that this essay writing guide was helpful for you to understand the concept behind writing critical response essays better and make your academic life much easier!
To ask for help related to the topic “writing a critical response” or any other academic question that you have, click here to get started .
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How to Write a Response Paper Guide With Structure and Example
Updated 11 Oct 2022
The secret to knowing how to write a response paper is in understanding what is expected of you. You write this particular type of assignment regardless of the original paper you have to respond to. If we put it simply, the purpose of this task, as you will learn in our response paper guide, is to provide your reaction and analysis regarding what you have read (or seen) based on an article, a book, a movie, or any other type of material dealing with a particular subject or an event.
What is a Response Paper?
In the majority of cases, the students are asked to write an essay related to a book or a journal article studied through the course. One should use the first person in a response paper, yet it is necessary to keep things professional and remember the purpose of the original paper. Without a doubt, it can easily get challenging to write a good response paper but it will always depend on how well you understand the material.
It is not enough to say " I agree with ideas encountered in the article " or that " the author has a good writing style. " You must also provide supporting evidence and actually respond to what you have studied. Always implement an explanation of relationships between the author's purpose and the ideas that have been presented. If something has helped you to understand the writing, write a response about it as well. You have to respond or reflect using a clear tone. Since the typical response paper will have the classic five-paragraph structure, it also makes it relatively easier to structure one's thoughts when learning how to write a response paper. Our article review writing service will help you complete any type of response paper for school or college.
The Steps Necessary For Writing a Response Paper Correctly
As we learn how to structure a response paper, it is necessary to remember that you should not just summarize what has already been stated in other words but show your attitude to what you have read through the lens of your vision, beliefs, and perception. It must be written in the first person, which means that you must analyze and brainstorm the ideas while being creative to a certain point.
Here are the steps to consider as you begin:
- Read The Provided Material Twice. It is vital to read your text more than once to understand what has been written. See the purpose of the book or journal in question and identify the important points. It is best to keep some notes to stay focused. Do not think about formatting just yet as the trick is to collect the vital information.
- Set The Response Paper Topic. Thinking about how to start a response paper, Identify the aspect that interests you the most. It will serve as a thesis statement and a topic that makes you inspired and reflects your opinion (thoughts). For example, it can be something meaningful about the text or your attitude to what you have liked or disliked. Alternatively, it can deal with an assumption that you have made after the reading or a question that you would like to explore. In any case, it must be informative and related to the original text
- The Response Paper Introduction. It should have a hook sentence that will both introduce the paper and pose your main point. It must be clear that you are writing the response essay. State your thesis statement to give a taste of what is to come next.
- The Body Paragraphs. As you write a response paper, discuss the subject by providing evidence from the original text. Remember to use relevant quotes and construct your ideas logically without jumping between them without transition words. If your thesis deals with more than one idea, dedicate one paragraph per idea and avoid placing frequent headers.
- Conclusion. Knowing how to finish a response paper is crucial. This is where you have to summarize all the major points and provide a concluding analysis. Make it as brief as you can, yet answer the famous "So what?" question as you sum things up. Avoid any new ideas just like in any academic writing task’s concluding part.
Finally, remember to proofread and edit your response essay. It will contain quotes, references, repetitions, grammar mistakes, and those sentences that will be wordy. Unless you ask someone to write papers for cash , take enough time and ensure that your writing sounds logical and follows your thesis until the final sentence.
The Response Paper Format and Structure
Since the majority of requests that we receive at EduBirdie relate to how to write a response to a book, we shall take "The Things They Carried" by Tim O'Brien dealing with the short related stories taking place during the Vietnam War. As we shall proceed, pay attention to the structure with response paper examples for each part:
Part 1 : This is where you have to provide a brief summary of the book or paper in question.
- Summary . " The Things They Carried" by Tim O'Brien is a collection of deep and emotional interconnected stories that depict the group of American soldiers during the Vietnam War. It speaks of real-life experiences with some fictional aspects and philosophical elements as the stories speak in metaphors and allegories where even the "things carried" represent a collection of emotions, memories, acts, and even the lines of poetry as the matters of love, trust, and betrayal are explored.
- Topic Sentence . "The Things They Carried" is not a book about war experience per se because it is the exploration of necessities a human being has where every pound is a metaphorical reference to the burdens and responsibilities of life.
- Thesis Statement . The stories represent a powerful reflection of the allegorical mental bag that we all have with us, which is cleverly exposed in every paragraph, making this book a sincere display of processes that happen inside a group of different people as they are placed in extreme conditions of war.
Part 2 : This is where your response takes place.
- Your Reaction . The book has made me reflect on my personal military service outside the United States in Germany, which has been in a peaceful environment, yet it has taught me an important lesson about analyzing the things that I carry myself. Just like every person who has been through military service, this book will hit close to home. It is an emotional collection of truths through the eyes of different, often opposite young people.
- First Paragraph . The figure of Lieutenant Cross is not only that of fear but of a person who sees the war as the passage to a different life as he tries to focus on his love for Martha. It shows that the burdens he carries are always attached to the past where the present is just a picture that will eventually change.
- Second Paragraph . The role of the pounds in the book plays both practical and metaphorical roles as we can see the presence of comic books, which is not typical for a classic soldier’s supplies. It brings up a psychological aspect of having something that would heal those "really bad wounds" as the author notes.
- Third Paragraph . The military aspects of planning and strategy play an important role since every character is described in terms of not only their physical features but also the set of skills that becomes necessary in practice. It makes people question their values and shake off the fear and apprehension.
- Conclusion . The book by Tim O'Brien is a mental exploration for every person regardless if they have been in military service or not. It is an honest reflection where every person can find something to respond to, which makes it especially relevant to me as I look back upon my life.
This is only the basic example of how to deal with the structure by keeping all the critical points there. Of course, your format and structure may vary depending on the source material, yet the response paper examples above must help you to get the basic idea.
The Response Paper Tips to Achieve Good Grades
When you are writing a response paper, consider these simple tips to write better:
- Do not start with your response paper until you fully understand the original text.
- Provide references for your quotes and direct references to avoid plagiarism.
- Use a strong thesis statement that expresses your opinion.
- If you discovered some aspects you do not agree with, support them with evidence.
- Make your conclusion especially strong since it is the summary and the critical point of your reflection.
- Keep things informative as you write and use the first person wherever possible.
- Do not simply summarize the content but analyze it.
- Add personal attitude and vision elements.
- Always proofread your paper to avoid grammar, punctuation, and logic mistakes.
- Use one idea per paragraph.
- Always double-check your writing style format guidelines ( APA , MLA , Chicago, etc)
Once again, as you learn how to write a response paper to an article or a book passage, the most important is to understand the original text, which is why it helps if you create an outline to start with the key points as you write them down for your analytical part of the response essay.
Response Paper Example & Different Types
Speaking of response paper examples, one can encounter various types of them when dealing with a typical college assignment. Your writing sample may represent either a single-text response paper or a multiple-text response example. The difference is that with the single-text approach you will have to respond to one text or one book only. It means that you do not have to compare or synthesize anything. In the case of the multiple-text method, it will be necessary to respond to several texts and examine the aspects (or elements) that look the same or totally different. It will be more alike to compare-and-contrast academic writing tasks. It may also be necessary to create a table where you can contrast certain elements. Remember that it must be reflected in your thesis statement.
Our experts are often asked about the difference between a response paper and a summary paper, which is another point that we shall explain in our how to write a response paper guide. In simple terms, the response paper will ask a student to approach the text critically and respond to the reading, while the summary will only overview or summarize the text by highlighting the author's argumentation. When you evaluate something, it is a sign of a response paper. Note that a summary is only used briefly to introduce the topic.
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Do not wait and suffer alone if you are struggling with your response paper task. Our skilled specialists at EduBirdie can help you with anything from a reaction paper outline to final proofreading and editing of your response paper draft. We keep things affordable and clear for you and stand behind high quality and zero plagiarism as every paper is written from scratch. Do not let the burden of response papers bring you down, just place your order with us now!
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Response essay examples
From the assassination of President Kennedy to the collapse of the Berlin wall, the 60s will forever remain a crucial period for the world and US…
Response essay types
Your paper may be focused on one of the following objectives:
- To agree with the central idea of the text or refute it.
- To characterize the audience and the author.
- To tell how the text influenced your life.
- To describe how the text is related to other literary works.
- To analyze the argumentation of the text, whether it is convincing.
In any case, each reader response essay example consists of two parts: a summary and a personal reaction.
When writing the first part of the work, you should follow these steps:
- Specify the name and author of the text, the date of publication and the publishing house.
- Present a short retelling of the material. Use your own wordings. Do not copy the text from the original work. However, sometimes it is reasonable to use quotes if they express important ideas. The main thing is not to overdo with the quotes.
- Focus on the main concepts of the work and the plot development.
- The review should be objective and unbiased. Avoid excessive emotionality. The personal impressions should be described further.
To create the second part, the authors of the response essay examples use several or all of the questions below. You need to answer them too:
- How does the topic of the essay correspond to the discipline in the framework of which an assignment was prescribed? Recall in what lectures and textbooks the similar concepts were mentioned.
- How does the work relate to the problems of the modern world?
- How is the topic connected with your life experience and feelings? What emotions did the text evoke in your soul?
- Did the work cause any changes in your mind? Did it influence your worldview?
It is necessary to evaluate the significance of the text, its integrity, completeness, accuracy of style and other attributes. It is also worth mentioning whether you would recommend a work to other readers and why.
Secrets of a perfect response essay
Remember the following rules if you want your work to surpass the best summary and response essay examples:
- Make sure that the paper is holistic, has a reliable argumentation and does not contain errors.
- Each paragraph should perform a separate task. For example, if you write a classic essay with 5 paragraphs, in the 1st of them, it is necessary to provide a brief overview, in the 2nd, the 3rd and the 4th - the author's reactions to various aspects of the work, in the 5th - a brief conclusion bringing the previous reflections to the final point.
- Considering the examples of a response essay, you will see that all statements are backed up by reliable facts and evidence. Writing that you did not like some character of a play, you also should explain why. The statements "I like this book" or "The article is written badly" are meaningless if there is no further explanation. If you will not provide it, a reader may consider your paper useless.
- Ensure smooth transitions between the paragraphs and the two main parts of the essay. The examiner should not have the impression that he is reading two different works.
- Pay special attention to the final check of the text. Correct grammatical, punctuation mistakes, get rid of unnecessary information, rephrase complex sentences. Ideally, you should use drafts. Rewriting the essay for a clean copy, you will notice many new nuances.
- Ask your teacher about the rules for citing the text from an original work. The same applies to the place for information about the author and the date of publication. These data can be indicated at the top or at the bottom of a page or as a footnote. You can ask for an example of a response essay to clarify all the other formatting requirements.
Practice as often as you can. Read the works of experienced authors. Very soon you will write papers capable to delight the most rigorous examiner. Good luck!
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5.7: Sample Response Essays
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How to Write a Critical Response Essay With Examples and Tips
A critical response essay is an important type of academic essays, which instructors employ to gauge the students’ ability to read critically and express their opinions. Firstly, this guide begins with a detailed definition of a critical essay and an extensive walkthrough of source analysis. Next, the manual on how to write a critical response essay breaks down the writing process into the pre-writing, writing, and post-writing stages and discusses each stage in extensive detail. Finally, the manual provides practical examples of an outline and a critical response essay, which implement the writing strategies and guidelines of critical response writing. After the examples, there is a brief overview of documentation styles. Hence, students need to learn how to write a perfect critical response essay to follow its criteria.
Definition of a Critical Response Essay
A critical response essay presents a reader’s reaction to the content of an article or any other piece of writing and the author’s strategy of achieving his or her intended purpose. Basically, a critical response to a piece of text demands an analysis, interpretation, and synthesis of a reading. Moreover, these operations allow readers to develop a position concerning the extent to which an author of a text creates a desired effect on the audience that an author establishes implicitly or explicitly at the beginning of a text. Mostly, students assume that a critical response revolves around the identification of flaws, but this aspect only represents one dimension of a critical response. In turn, a critical response essay should identify both the strengths and weaknesses of a text and present them without exaggeration of their significance in a text.
1. Questions That Guide Source Analysis
Writers engage in textual analysis through critical reading. Hence, students undertake critical reading to answer three primary questions:
- What does the author say or show unequivocally?
- What does the author not say or show outright but implies intentionally or unintentionally in the text?
- What do I think about responses to the previous two questions?
Readers should strive to comprehensively answer these questions with the context and scope of a critical response essay. Basically, the need for objectivity is necessary to ensure that the student’s analysis does not contain any biases through unwarranted or incorrect comparisons. Nonetheless, the author’s pre-existing knowledge concerning the topic of a critical response essay is crucial in facilitating the process of critical reading. In turn, the generation of answers to three guiding questions occurs concurrently throughout the close reading of an assigned text.
2. Techniques of Critical Reading
Previewing, reading, and summarizing are the main methods of critical reading. Basically, previewing a text allows readers to develop some familiarity with the content of a critical response essay, which they gain through exposure to content cues, publication facts, important statements, and authors’ backgrounds. In this case, readers may take notes of questions that emerge in their minds and possible biases related to prior knowledge. Then, reading has two distinct stages: first reading and rereading and annotating. Also, students read an assigned text at an appropriate speed for the first time with minimal notetaking. After that, learners reread a text to identify core and supporting ideas, key terms, and connections or implied links between ideas while making detailed notes. Lastly, writers summarize their readings into the main points by using their own words to extract the meaning and deconstruct critical response essays into meaningful parts.
3. Creating a Critical Response
Up to this point, source analysis is a blanket term that represents the entire process of developing a critical response. Mainly, the creation of a critical response essay involves analysis, interpretation, and synthesis, which occur as distinct activities. In this case, students analyze their readings by breaking down texts into elements with distilled meanings and obvious links to a thesis statement . During analysis, writers may develop minor guiding questions under first and second guiding questions, which are discipline-specific. Then, learners focus on interpretations of elements to determine their significance to an assigned text as a whole, possible meanings, and assumptions under which they may exist. Finally, authors of critical response essays create connections through the lens of relevant pre-existing knowledge, which represents a version of the element’s interconnection that they perceive to be an accurate depiction of a text.
Writing Steps of a Critical Response Essay
Step 1: pre-writing, a. analysis of writing situation.
Purpose. Before a student begins writing a critical response essay, he or she must identify the main reason for communication to the audience by using a formal essay format. Basically, the primary purposes of writing a critical response essay are explanation and persuasion. In this case, it is not uncommon for two purposes to overlap while writing a critical response essay. However, one of the purposes is usually dominant, which implies that it plays a dominant role in the wording, evidence selection, and perspective on a topic. In turn, students should establish their purposes in the early stages of the writing process because the purpose has a significant effect on the essay writing approach.
Audience. Students should establish a good understanding of the audience’s expectations, characteristics, attitudes, and knowledge in anticipation of the writing process. Basically, learning the audience’s expectations enables authors to meet the organizational demands, ‘burden of proof,’ and styling requirements. In college writing, it is the norm for all essays to attain academic writing standards. Then, the interaction between characteristics and attitudes forces authors to identify a suitable voice, which is appreciative of the beliefs and values of the audience. Lastly, writers must consider the level of knowledge of the audience while writing a critical response essay because it has a direct impact on the context, clarity, and readability of a paper. Consequently, a critical response essay for classmates is quite different from a paper that an author presents to a multi-disciplinary audience.
Define a topic. Topic selection is a critical aspect of the prewriting stage. Ideally, assignment instructions play a crucial role in topic selection, especially in higher education institutions. For example, when writing a critical response essay, instructors may choose to provide students with a specific article or general instructions to guide learners in the selection of relevant reading sources. Also, students may not opportunities for independent topic selection in former circumstances. However, by considering latter assignment conditions, learners may need to identify a narrow topic to use in article selection. Moreover, students should take adequate time to do preliminary research, which gives them a ‘feel’ of the topic, for example, 19 th -century literature. Next, writers narrow down the scope of the topic based on the knowledge and interests, for example, short stories by black female writers from the 19 th century.
B. Research and Documentation
Find sources. Once a student has a topic, he or she can start the process of identifying an appropriate article. Basically, choosing a good source for writing a critical response essay occurs is much easier when aided with search tools on the web or university repository. In this case, learners select keywords or other unique qualities of an article and develops a search filter. Moreover, authors review abstracts or forewords of credible sources to determine its suitability based on its content. Besides content, other factors constrain the article selection process: the word count for a critical response essay and a turnaround time. In turn, if an assignment has a fixed length of 500 words and a turnaround time of one week, it is not practical to select a 200-page source despite content suitability.
Content selection. The process of selecting appropriate content from academic sources relies heavily on the purpose of a critical response essay. Basically, students must select evidence that they will include in a paper to support their claims in each paragraph. However, writers tend to let a source speak through the use of extensive quotations or summaries, which dilutes a synthesis aspect of a critical response essay. Instead, learners should take a significant portion of time to identify evidence from reliable sources , which are relevant to the purpose of an essay. Also, a student who is writing a critical analysis essay to disagree with one or more arguments will select different pieces of evidence as compared to a person who is writing to analyze the overall effectiveness of the work.
Annotated bibliography. An annotated bibliography is vital to the development of a critical response essay because it enables authors to document useful information that they encounter during research. During research and documentation stages for a critical response essay, annotated bibliographies contain the main sources for a critical analysis essay and other sources that contribute to the knowledge base of an author even though these sources will not appear in reference lists. Mostly, a critical response essay has only one source. However, an annotated bibliography contains summaries of other sources, which may inform the author’s critical response through the development of a deep understanding of a topic. In turn, an annotated bibliography is quite useful when an individual is writing a critical response to an article on an unfamiliar topic.
Step 2: Writing a Critical Response Essay
Thesis . A thesis statement sentence is a crucial component of a critical response essay because it presents the student’s purpose, argument, and the conclusion that he or she draws from the textual evidence. Also, the thesis statement is the response to the thesis question, which an author creates from assignment instructions. After completing the research stage, students can develop a tentative thesis statement to act as a starting point for the writing stage. Usually, tentative thesis statements undergo numerous revisions during the writing stage, which is a consequence of the refinement of the main idea during the drafting.
Weigh the evidence. Based on the tentative thesis, an author evaluates the relative importance of collected pieces of textual evidence to the central idea. Basically, students should distinguish between general and specific ideas to ascertain that there exists a logical sequence of presentation, which the audience can readily grasp. Firstly, for writing a critical response essay, learners should identify general ideas and establish specific connections that exist between each general idea and specific details, which support a central claim. Secondly, writers should consider some implications of ideas as they conduct a sorting process and remove evidence that does not fit. Moreover, students fill ‘holes’ that are present due to the lack of adequate supporting evidence to conclude this stage.
Create an outline. An essay outline is a final product of weighing the significance of the evidence in the context of the working thesis statement. In particular, a formal outline is a preferred form of an essay structure for a critical response essay because it allows for detailed documentation of ideas while maintaining a clear map of connections. During the formation of an outline, students use a systematic scheme of indentation and labeling all the parts of an outline structure. In turn, this arrangement ensures that elements that play the same role are readily discernible at a glance, for example, primary essay divisions, secondary divisions, principle supporting points, and specific details.
Drafting. The drafting step involves the conversion of the one-sentence ideas in an outline format into complete paragraphs and, eventually, a critical response essay. In this case, there is no fixed approach to writing the first draft. Moreover, students should follow a technique that they find effective in overcoming the challenge of starting to write a critical response essay. Nonetheless, it is good practice to start writing paragraphs that authors believe are more straightforward to include regardless of specific positions that they hold on an outline. In turn, learners should strive to write freely and be open to new ideas despite the use of an outline. During drafting, the conveyance of meaning is much more important than the correctness of the draft.
Step 3: Post-Writing
Individual revision. An individual revision process focuses on the rethinking and rewriting of a critical response essay to improve the meaning and structure of a paper. Essentially, students try to review their papers from a perspective of readers to ensure that the level of detail, relationship and arrangement of paragraphs, and the contribution of the minor ideas to the thesis statement attain the desired effect. In this case, the use of a checklist improves the effectiveness of individual revision. Moreover, a checklist contains 12 main evaluation categories: assignment, purpose, audience and voice, genre, thesis, organization, development, unity, coherence, title, introduction, and conclusion.
Collaborative revision. Collaborative revision is a revision strategy that covers subconscious oversight that occurs during individual revision. During an individual revision of a critical response essay, authors rely on self-criticism, which is rarely 100% effective because writers hold a bias that their works are of high quality. Therefore, subjecting an individual’s work to peer review allows students to collect critique from an actual reader who may notice problems that an author may easily overlook. In turn, learners may provide peer reviewers with a checklist to simplify the revision process.
Editing. The editing step requires authors to examine the style, clarity, and correctness of a critical response essay. In particular, students review their papers to ascertain its conformance with the guidelines of formal essay writing and the English language. Moreover, sentence fragments, subject-verb agreement, dangling modifiers, incorrect use of punctuation, vague pronoun references, and parallelism are common grammar issues that learners eliminate during editing. Then, writers confirm that their critical response essays adhere to referencing style guidelines for citation and formatting, such as the inclusion of a title page, appropriate in-text citation, and proper styling of bibliographic information in the reference list. In turn, students must proofread a critical response essay repeatedly until they find all errors because such mistakes may divert the audience’s attention from the content of a paper.
Sample Outline Template for a Critical Response Essay
A. Summary of an article. B. Thesis statement.
A. First body paragraph
- The idea for the first paragraph.
- Evidence for the first point from an article.
- Interpretation of the evidence.
B. Second body paragraph
- The idea for the second paragraph.
- Evidence for the second point from an article.
C. Third body paragraph
- The idea for the third paragraph.
- Evidence for the third point from an article.
A. Summary of three points that form a body section. B. Closing remarks.
Uniqueness of a Critical Response Essay Outline
The presence of a summary in the introduction and an interpretation for each piece of evidence are defining features of a critical response essay. Typically, the introduction, being one of 5 parts of an essay , does not contain a succinct summary of a source that an author uses in body paragraphs. In this case, the incorporation of a summary in the introduction paragraph provides the audience with specific information concerning the target article of a critical response. Specifically, a critical response essay differs from other response papers because it emphasizes the provision of reasonable judgments of a text rather than the testing and defense of one’s judgments. In turn, authors of a critical response essay do not provide evaluation for their judgments, which implies that critical responses may be different but correct if a specific interpretation is reasonable to the audience.
Expanding an Outline Format Into a Critical Response Essay
The introductory paragraph in a critical response essay consists of two primary sections: a summary of an article and a thesis statement. Firstly, a summary of an article consists of the text’s central argument and the purpose of the presentation of the argument. Basically, students should strive to distill the main idea and purpose of the text into a few sentences because the length of the introduction is approximately 10% of the essay’s word count. Then, a summary provides the audience with adequate background information concerning an article, which forms a foundation for announcing the student’s primary idea. In this case, writers may include an additional sentence between a summary and a thesis statement to establish a smooth flow in the opening paragraph. However, learners should not quote thesis and purpose statements because it results in a fragmented introduction, which is unappealing to readers and ineffective.
- All body paragraphs have in a critical response essay four main elements: the writer’s idea, meaningful evidence from a reading text, interpretation of the evidence, and a concluding statement.
A. Writer’s Idea
The writer’s idea for a paragraph appears in the first sentence of a paragraph, which is a topic sentence. For example, if students know how to write a topic sentence , they present readers with a complete and distinct idea that proves or supports a thesis statement. In this case, authors should carefully word their topic sentences to ensure that there is no unnecessary generalization or spillovers of ideas from other paragraphs. Notably, all the topic sentences in the body of a critical response essay share a logical relationship that allows the audience to easily follow the development of the central idea of a paper.
Students should provide evidence that supports the idea that they propose in the topic sentence. Basically, the evidence for all body paragraphs is the product of critical reading of an article, which allows writers to identify meaningful portions of a text. During the presentation of evidence, learners should ascertain that the contextual meaning of paraphrases or quotations is not lost because such a strategy will harm interpretations that follow after it. In turn, critical response essays must not contain lengthy or numerous quotations unless the meaning or intended effect of a quotation is not replicable upon paraphrasing.
Interpretation segments of paragraphs allow authors to explain the significance of the evidence to the topic sentence. In a critical response essay, the interpretation is the equivalent of an author revealing the possible assumptions behind a text paraphrase and commenting on whether or not he or she finds them reasonable. Moreover, students make inferences concerning their meaning in the context of the entire narrative and its relation to the paragraph’s idea. In turn, learners should refrain from reading too much into a piece of evidence because it may result in false or unreasonable inferences.
D. Concluding Sentence
The concluding statement is the final sentence of any paragraph. In this case, the primary role of the concluding sentence is to emphasize the link between the topic sentence, evidence, interpretation, and the essay’s central idea. Also, the concluding statement should not contain an in-text citation because it does not introduce new evidence to support the topic sentence. Therefore, authors use concluding sentences to maintain the unity between body paragraphs and a critical response essay in its entirety.
The conclusion comprises of three core elements: a restatement of a thesis statement, a summary of the main points that authors present in body paragraphs, and closing remarks. In particular, the first statement of the conclusion draws the attention of the audience to the central idea, which an author proposes in a thesis statement. Then, students review the main points of a critical response essay to demonstrate that written arguments in body paragraphs adequately support a thesis statement. Moreover, writers should summarize the main points of a paper in the same order that they appear in the main part to guarantee that logical pattern in the body is readily discernible in summary. Finally, learners make their closing remarks, which creates a sense of wholesomeness in a critical response essay or ties a paper to a larger relevant discourse.
Example of Writing a Critical Response Essay
Topic: American Capitalism: The New Face of Slavery
I. Sample Introduction of a Critical Response Essay
Capitalism is a dominant characteristic of the American economy. In this case, Matthew Desmond’s article “In Order to Understand the Brutality of American Capitalism, You Have to Start on the Plantation” discusses the role of slavery in shaping contemporary business practices. Specifically, the author attempts to convince the audience that the brutality of American capitalism originates from slavery. In turn, Desmond lays a strong but simple foundation for his argument, which ensures that the audience can conceptualize the link between plantation slavery and contemporary American capitalistic practices.
II. Example of a Body in a Critical Response Essay
A. example of the first body paragraph: american capitalism.
Early in the article, Desmond informs readers of the high variability in the manifestation of capitalism in societies, which creates the impression that American capitalism is a choice. For example, Desmond (2019) argues that the brutality of American capitalism is simply one of the possible outcomes of a society built on capitalistic principles because other societies implement the same principles in a manner that is liberating, protective, and democratic. Moreover, Desmond begins his argument by eliminating a popular presumption that exploitation and oppression are unavoidable outcomes of capitalism. In turn, this strategic move to establish this fact is in the introductory section of the article because it invites the audience to rethink the meaning of capitalism. Furthermore, its plants doubt regarding the ‘true’ meaning of capitalism outside the context of American society.
B. Example of the Second Body Paragraph: American Capitalism: Slavery and American’s Economic Growth
After establishing that the perception of capitalism through the lens of the American society has some bias, Desmond proceeds to provide detailed evidence to explain the attempt to camouflage the obvious link between the slavery and America’s economic growth. For instance, Desmond (2019) notes the role of Alfred Chandler’s book, The Visible Hand , and Caitlin Rosenthal’s book, Accounting for Slavery , in breaking the link between management practices in plantations and modern corporations by suggesting that the current business practices are a consequence of the 19 th -century railroad industry. In this case, Desmond uses this evidence to make a logical appeal to the audience, which makes his argument more convincing because he explains the reason behind the exclusion of slavery in the discourse on the modern industry. As a result, Desmond dismisses one of the main counterarguments against his central argument, which increases its persuasive power.
C. Example of the Third Body Paragraph: Input vs. Output Dynamic
Desmond emphasizes the link between slavery and American capitalism to readers by using the simple input vs. output dynamic throughout the article. For example, Desmond (2019) compares the Plantation Record and Account Book to the heavy digital surveillance techniques in modern workplaces because they collect data, which the employers use to maximize productivity while minimizing inputs. In particular, the comparison reveals that employers did not stop the practice of reducing laborers into units of production with fixed productivity thresholds. Moreover, the constant repetition of the theme of low input and high output dominates the body paragraphs, which makes it nearly impossible for readers to lose sight of the link between slavery and business practices under American capitalism. In turn, the simplification of the underlying logic in Desmond’s argument ensures its clarity to the audience.
III. Sample Conclusion of a Critical Response Essay
Desmond carefully plans the presentation of his argument to the audience, which allows readers to follow the ideas easily. In particular, the author starts with a call for readers to set aside any presumptions concerning capitalism and its origin. Then, Desmond provides the audience with an alternative narrative with support from seminal texts in slavery and economics. On the whole, Desmond manages to convince the audience that the American capitalistic society is merely a replica rather than an aberration of slavery.
Citing Sources in a Critical Response Essay
A critical response essay contains specific thoughts of the article’s author and direct words of the text’s author. In this case, students must conduct proper documentation to ensure that readers of critical response essays can distinguish between these two types of ‘voices.’ Moreover, documentation prevents incidents of plagiarism. Usually, instructors mention a referencing technique that students should use in writing a critical response essay. However, if assignment instructions do not identify a specific documentation style, writers should use a referencing technique that is acceptable for scholarly writing in their disciplines.
- Parenthetical: (Desmond, 2019).
- Narrative: Desmond (2019).
- Desmond, M. (2019, August 12). In order to understand the brutality of American capitalism, you have to start on the plantation . New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2019/08/14/magazine/slavery-capitalism.html
- Parenthetical: (Desmond par. 1).
- Narrative: Desmond argues . . . (par. 1).
- Desmond, Matthew. “In Order to Understand the Brutality of American Capitalism, You Have to Start on the Plantation.” New York Times , 14 Aug. 2019, www.nytimes.com/interactive/2019/08/14/magazine/slavery-capitalism.html.
3. Harvard Referencing
- Parenthetical: (Desmond 2019).
- Desmond, M 2019, In order to understand the brutality of American capitalism, you have to start on the plantation . Available from: <https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2019/08/14/magazine/slavery-capitalism.html>. [27 August 2020].
In-text citation (footnote):
- 1. Matthew Desmond, “In Order to Understand the Brutality of American Capitalism, You Have to Start on the Plantation,” New York Times, August 14, 2019, https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2019/08/14/magazine/slavery-capitalism.html.
- Desmond, Matthew. “In Order to Understand the Brutality of American Capitalism, You Have to Start on the Plantation.” New York Times. August 14, 2019. https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2019/08/14/magazine/slavery-capitalism.html.
Final Provisions on a Critical Response Essay
- Critical reading is a precursor for writing an effective critical response essay.
- Students must conduct adequate research on a topic to develop a proper understanding of a theme even if only one article appears on the reference list.
- Notetaking or annotation is a good practice that aids students in extracting meaning from an article.
- Writers should plan for all activities in the writing process to ascertain that they have adequate time to move through all the stages.
- An outline is an organizational tool, which learners must use to establish the sequence of ideas in a critical response essay.
- The purpose of a critical response essay has a significant impact on the selection of evidence and the arrangement of body paragraphs.
- Students should prioritize revision and editing, which represent opportunities to refine the content of an essay and remove mechanical issues.
- Collaborative and individual revision are equally important because they play different roles in the writing of a critical response essay.
- Evidence selection is dependent on the purpose and thesis statement of a critical response essay.
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Each semester, you will probably be asked by at least one instructor to read a book or an article (or watch a TV show or a film) and to write a paper recording your response or reaction to the material. In these reports—often referred to as response or reaction papers—your instructor will most likely expect you to do two things: summarize the material and detail your reaction to it. The following pages explain both parts of a report.
PART 1: A SUMMARY OF THE WORK
To develop the first part of a report, do the following:
- Identify the author and title of the work and include in parentheses the publisher and publication date. For magazines, give the date of publication.
- Write an informative summary of the material.
- Condense the content of the work by highlighting its main points and key supporting points.
- Use direct quotations from the work to illustrate important ideas.
- Summarize the material so that the reader gets a general sense of all key aspects of the original work.
- Do not discuss in great detail any single aspect of the work, and do not neglect to mention other equally important points.
- Also, keep the summary objective and factual. Do not include in the first part of the paper your personal reaction to the work; your subjective impression will form the basis of the second part of your paper.
PART 2: YOUR REACTION TO THE WORK
To develop the second part of a report, do the following:
- Focus on any or all of the following questions. Check with your instructor to see if s/he wants you to emphasize specific points.
- How is the assigned work related to ideas and concerns discussed in the course for which you are preparing the paper? For example, what points made in the course textbook, class discussions, or lectures are treated more fully in the work?
- How is the work related to problems in our present-day world?
- How is the material related to your life, experiences, feelings and ideas? For instance, what emotions did the work arouse in you?
- Did the work increase your understanding of a particular issue? Did it change your perspective in any way?
- Evaluate the merit of the work: the importance of its points, its accuracy, completeness, organization, and so on.
- You should also indicate here whether or not you would recommend the work to others, and why.
POINTS OF CONSIDERATION WHEN WRITING THE REPORT
Here are some important elements to consider as you prepare a report:
- Apply the four basic standards of effective writing (unity, support, coherence, and clear, error-free sentences) when writing the report.
- Make sure each major paragraph presents and then develops a single main point. For example, in the sample report that follows, the first paragraph summarizes the book, and the three paragraphs that follow detail three separate reactions of the student writer to the book. The student then closes the report with a short concluding paragraph.
- Support any general points you make or attitudes you express with specific reasons and details. Statements such as "I agree with many ideas in this article" or "I found the book very interesting" are meaningless without specific evidence that shows why you feel as you do. Look at the sample report closely to see how the main point or topic sentence of each paragraph is developed by specific supporting evidence.
- Organize your material. Follow the basic plan of organization explained above: a summary of one or more paragraphs, a reaction of two or more paragraphs, and a conclusion. Also, use transitions to make the relationships among ideas in the paper clear.
- Edit the paper carefully for errors in grammar, mechanics, punctuation, word use, and spelling.
- Cite paraphrased or quoted material from the book or article you are writing about, or from any other works, by using the appropriate documentation style. If you are unsure what documentation style is required or recommended, ask you instructor.
- You may use quotations in the summary and reaction parts of the paper, but do not rely on them too much. Use them only to emphasize key ideas.
- Publishing information can be incorporated parenthetically or at the bottom of the page in a footnote. Consult with your instructor to determine what publishing information is necessary and where it should be placed.
A SAMPLE RESPONSE OR REACTION PAPER
Here is a report written by a student in an introductory psychology course. Look at the paper closely to see how it follows the guidelines for report writing described above.
Part 1: Summary
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How to Write a Reader Response
Last Updated: February 23, 2023 References Approved
This article was co-authored by Diane Stubbs . Diane Stubbs is a Secondary English Teacher with over 22 years of experience teaching all high school grade levels and AP courses. She specializes in secondary education, classroom management, and educational technology. Diane earned a Bachelor of Arts in English from the University of Delaware and a Master of Education from Wesley College. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. This article has 13 testimonials from our readers, earning it our reader-approved status. This article has been viewed 392,363 times.
A reader response assignment asks you to explain and defend your personal reaction to an assigned text. Reader response papers can be difficult because they force you, the reader, to take responsibility for giving meaning to the text. Often these assignments feel open-ended and vague, but don't worry, a good reader response paper will follow a standard essay format that you can easily master. This guide will walk you through the creation of a well-crafted reader response paper that's sure to wow your instructor and earn you an awesome grade.
Writing the Reader Response
- It is often helpful to use the first body paragraph to include more information about the text, the plotline, major themes, etc., and then use the rest of the paragraphs to provide an analysis of how you felt about the text.
- Remember that a reader response is meant to be personal, so it's OK to incorporate personal anecdotes and opinions into your analysis.
- Example: "Forcing Hester Prynne to wear the scarlet "A" reminded me of a time when I was cyber-bullied in eighth grade, and my "friends" spread rumors about me online where the whole school could see."
- Example: "At the end of The Old Man and the Sea, Manolin promises to once again fish with Santiago, so the old man no longer has to be alone. This was Santiago's greatest wish, but it was a different kind of success than he initially set out to achieve."
- Example: "'My big fish must be somewhere,' said Santiago. This is exactly how I felt after I received my third rejection letter, but like Santiago, I kept trying, and eventually I was accepted."
- Make sure and cite your examples per class directions. You will usually be required to note the page numbers of any quotations or specific examples in parentheses at the end of the sentence.
- A great way to think of your conclusion is that it's one last chance to explain to your reader how you see all of your points fitting together.
- Sometimes it's hard to see our own mistakes, so it can really help to exchange papers with a friend, and proofread each other's work.
Drafting the Reader Response
- "Even though I found The Scarlett Letter hard to follow at times, Hester Prynne's story is still relatable, and made me think a lot about the effects of publicly shaming people online."
- "Some people believe the Old Man and the Sea is a book about failure, but it is really a story of perseverance that teaches us that success may not always come in the form we expect, and even disasters can lead to positive outcomes."
- Introduction: 1 paragraph.
- Analysis/Body Paragraphs: 3-4 paragraphs. How you organize these paragraphs will depend on the parameters of the assignment.
- Conclusion: 1 paragraph.
Reading the Text
- Do you like or dislike the text?
- Can you identify the author's purpose?
- Do you agree or disagree with the author?
- Does the text relate to you and your life? If so, how? If not, why not?
- Does the text agree with, or go against your personal world view?
- What, if anything, did you learn from the text?
- Taking a bit of extra time during this phase will save you a lot of time in the writing process.  X Research source
- I think that...
- I feel that...
- I see that...
- I have learned that...
Sample Reader Response
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- ↑ https://penandthepad.com/rules-writing-reading-response-essay-3968.html
- ↑ https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/general_writing/the_writing_process/proofreading/steps_for_revising.html
- ↑ http://trccwritingcenter.pbworks.com/w/page/9356011/Reader%20Response%20Papers
- ↑ http://www.hunter.cuny.edu/rwc/handouts/the-writing-process-1/invention/Writing-a-Response-or-Reaction-Paper
- ↑ http://education-portal.com/articles/Step-by-Step_Guide_to_Writing_a_Great_Reading_Response_Paper.html
- ↑ http://leo.stcloudstate.edu/acadwrite/reaction.html
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Using an online essay writing service for the first time does not need to be a nerve-racking experience. With SpeedyPaper, you get expert writing assistance with any academic assignment. Thanks to advanced degrees and years of research and writing experience, our writers produce top-quality essay assistance.
You can rely on us to find credible sources, formulate thought-provoking thesis statements and research questions, develop strong arguments, and support them with iron-clad evidence. Add to this thorough editing and proofreading and flawless formatting, and you get the best college paper help you could wish for.
So when you ask SpeedyPaper to help you write an essay, you get top writing service every time.
Professional Paper Writers
Top-grade paper writing service starts with thorough writing expert screening. We receive hundreds of resumes but only hire a fraction of the applicants who prove without a shadow of a doubt they live up to their promises.
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Professional Writing Assistance
SpeedyPaper help is different from outsourcing your homework to freelance writers or asking your classmates for assistance. We take our job seriously to ensure you get unparalleled paper writing service that compels students to come back for more papers and keeps our online reputations intact.
Over the years, we've perfected every aspect of getting help with writing a paper. We streamlined the order form to make it intuitive and lightning-fast, ensured our support agents are online round-the-clock, and added dozens of services, from crafting the paper from scratch to editing, proofreading, and formatting. As a result, you won't find the same level of customer care and support with any other paper writer or service.
Fast Paper Writing Service
Timing is everything. And our writing team knows better than anyone that a few minutes can mean the difference between success and failure. So we pride ourselves on the ability to deliver top-grade paper help with the tightest deadlines possible. For example, you can order paper help at midnight and receive the finished draft at 6 AM, with plenty of time left to preview, revise, and submit the project for grading.
At the same time, we beg you to be realistic about your SpeedyPaper help expectations. We won't promise to deliver a Master's thesis or capstone project within 24 hours because it's impossible to complete a task that vast and hope for good feedback with less than a few days to spare. On the other hand, any fast essay writer on our team can muster a short piece within six hours. If you're unsure how realistic your deadline is, get in touch with our support team, who will help you evaluate the project requirements and fill in the order form to fit your submission deadline and budget.
Affordable Help with Paper Writing
At SpeedyPaper, we believe that hiring the best paper writing helper should not make you go broke. That's why we carefully balance our rates to ensure they remain student-friendly while providing our experts with respectable fees to keep them motivated to do a good job.
You may notice the price estimate change as you fill in the paper order form. You should know it depends on multiple actors, and it is in your power to make every order fit your budget. Let's go over the major components of the order that will affect your bottom line, aside from the obvious (number of pages):
- Academic level. Although a paper writer with a Ph.D. can craft a high school essay, it would be a waste of their talent and time. Conversely, an expert with a BA would not be able to help with your doctorate. And it's only natural a writing helper with a higher degree should make more money per page. So by matching the best-suited expert to your order, we ensure you get a piece of the appropriate academic level without overpaying.
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- Additional features. We'll go over all add-on options in the following sections, but for now, you should know SpeedyPaper offers freebies and premium extras that may affect the bottom line. We do not pre-check any boxes or pressure you into adding anything to your paper order, so there are no hidden payments or fees. The order total you see in the form is the amount you'll need to pay to get your expert working on the paper.
Our transparent, student-friendly pricing may not be the cheapest on the market, but we would not be able to lower the rates without compromising writing quality. So instead, we deliver the best value for money, as hundreds of our clients can attest to.
Helpful Paper Writing Service Tailored to Your Needs
The first time you come to SpeedyPaper for quick essay help, the order form may seem confusing and intimidating, even if it's split into three simple steps for your comfort. Many students get annoyed and overwhelmed by the number of fields and questions we ask. Please understand we only do so to ensure we provide the paper you want and need to get the best grade possible.
For example, although your paper writer can come up with a dozen topics, only you can pick the one that fits your class and syllabus. The same is true for the number of sources. Even if our writers rely on academic best practices, your professor may have other ideas of what is an appropriate number of references for each assignment.
To ensure you get customized help tailored to your class and assignment, we suggest you follow a few simple guidelines:
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- Request and share the professor's rubric. It may seem useless to you, but our experts are pros at deciphering academic euphemisms and crafting papers that fit the most obscure requirements. All you need to do is upload the file you get from your professor and indicate the desired grade.
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All these details are vital for getting the perfect paper on the first try. But don't think it's a lot of work. You can upload the most pertinent information in PDF, JPEG, and other comfortable formats, even if it's a quick photo of the whiteboard with all the major requirements or a screenshot of your Zoom class presentation.
24/7 “Help Me Write My Paper” Service
We've already talked about the value of timing when it comes to writing paper help. But we believe getting help when you really need it, even in the middle of the night or at the height of the holiday season, is equally important. After all, we've all been unable to fall asleep after forgetting about the paper due in the morning.
Luckily, the SpeedyPaper writing and support team does not keep office hours. Our experts and agents are spread across the globe in all time zones. So whenever you feel overwhelmed, anxious, or angry and unable to deal with assignments, all you need to do is reach out. We'll respond within minutes and assist in any way we can.
To get instant SpeedyPaper help, you can reach us via email, phone call, or live chat. We promise not to bother you with useless chatbots and connect you to a human agent capable of understanding your problems and finding solutions as soon as possible. Even if you have uncomfortable questions, need a free revision, or want a quick status update, you're welcome to drop us a line or give us a call. We'll be happy to answer all your questions.
Besides chatting with our friendly support managers, you can also contact your expert directly once you place an order for writing assistance. You'll be able to message the writer via your personal dashboard. But please remember that, unlike our support team, writing experts are not always online and available to answer your questions. They may be busy working on your project and unable to respond. So if you need an urgent update or have a burning question and your expert isn't online, you can try to reach them via the support team. Call or fire up live chat, specify your order number and your question, and we'll try to get a response from your writer as soon as possible.
Paper Writing Helper That Gets Results
You've probably come across writing services that guarantee you'll get an A for the paper you buy from them. But SpeedyPaper is not one of them because we are 100% honest with you.
For one, the promise to return your money if you don't get an A is nothing but a marketing trick. They offer full refunds only for failed papers, while Ds and Cs only produce partial refunds. Moreover, those companies usually have astronomical rates, as some of the money you pay goes towards upholding the grade guarantee.
So when you get help writing a paper from SpeedyPaper, we can't guarantee you'll get an A+ because only your professor can deliver it, and we can't get into their head. And we can't promise full refunds without doubling or tripling our rates or losing our top experts.
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In the unlikely event you're unhappy with the project you receive, the extras and revisions don't help, you can claim a partial or a full refund. Our money-back guarantee is transparent and straightforward, so you'll get your money back as long as your case falls under one of the clauses.
Why Outsource Homework at All?
It may seem we're trying too hard to convince you to get paper help from SpeedyPaper. But there's nothing we'd like more than an education system free of useless classes, frivolous writing assignments, and dull projects that have nothing to do with real life. In an ideal world, you'd never need to use our services because you'd love each class and assignment and have enough time to enjoy them.
In the real world, even the best universities still rely on century-old teaching methods and approaches, and writing assignments are still a staple you can't get away from whether you're an English or a STEM major. Besides, college students are notoriously short on time because they have multiple engagements outside the classroom. You need to network, intern, and practice, and that's before you consider your family obligations or love life.
To paint you a vivid picture of how much you can gain from getting professional SpeedyPaper assistance, let's imagine you've come to us to get research paper writing help. It will take you 30 minutes at most to study our website, chat with a support agent, gather your files, and fill in the order form. The writer will start working on your assignment immediately, and the preview will drop in your inbox right on time.
As you submit the paper, you'll notice the positive changes and
- Get extra free time. Imagine how much time research, writing, editing, and formatting would typically take you. Now you have all those hours, days, or weeks to dedicate to other pursuits. You can catch up on different assignments, apply for an internship you've always wanted, spend time with your loved ones, or get a good night's sleep instead of pulling another all-nighter. And the more papers you get from SpeedyPaper, the more free time your schedule will have for things more exciting and valuable than dull projects.
- Boost your grades. Getting a low grade on a paper you've been polishing for weeks is disheartening. And it's the fastest way to lose motivation for studies and drop out of school because you feel you cannot handle the strain. But with expert writing assistance, you will finally get the grade you need and deserve. And a boost to your GPA is bound to make you more excited about getting your degree and working on other assignments, whether you choose to outsource them or not.
- Succeed in school and beyond. With time and confidence on your side, you'll finally feel like a success inside the classroom and beyond school walls. An impressive GPA and a portfolio of praise-worthy projects will enable you to craft a winning resume and CV, making you the prime candidate for any position you choose to pursue after graduation. Besides, SpeedyPaper is here to help with your professional writing tasks while you get familiar with the new requirements and settle into the new role.
Of course, your reasons for getting help writing paper may be completely different. But, even if you only want to pass a class to forget about it, you'll still benefit from a few hours of extra free time to take a breather and relax while our experts work in your stead.
Ready to Start Your Academic Success Journey?
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Whichever scenario fits your situation best, your first step should be getting in touch with our support team. The agents will answer all your questions, whether you want to learn more about our writers, expertise, or revisions. They can also help you fill in the order form if you feel lost or intimidated by all the fields and checkboxes. So give us a call or drop a line in live chat.
But if you feel ready to get one step closer to academic success and trust SpeedyPaper to support you through midterms, finals, and capstones, jump straight to the order form. Use the tooltips and follow the cues to detail your requirements and expectations, share your contacts, and confirm the order to get your expert started on the project.
Gain the benefits of professional writing assistance by SpeedyPaper—more time and better grades—and succeed in school and beyond.
FAQ - Frequently asked questions
How do i hire an paper writer here.
Getting help with your assignments is simple. All you need to do is share your prompt. The more information you provide, the better our expert writers will stick to your instructions. The moment you finalize the order, we will match your requirements with the best-suited paper writing expert for your topic, academic level, and deadline. We’ll drop you a line the moment your assignment is complete, at which point you can download the draft or call for a free revision.
How much does it cost to hire someone to write a paper?
Our prices start at $9 for high schoolers and $11 for undergrads. The price per page goes up when you choose a higher academic level or a shorter deadline. It has to do with the amount of research and writing style necessary to complete the assignment. Admission essays and resumes are more expensive because our writers require more time to get to know you and craft the best piece to secure your place in a dream program or land your dream job.
Is SpeedyPaper help legit?
SpeedyPaper help is a legit service. We will provide free revisions to work out the kinks of your paper. Refund terms should be clear and precise, without ambiguous promises. It’s also a good idea to check the company’s online reputation on Reddit and beyond. Check out reviews to learn what’s in store for you before placing the order, and post your feedback once you receive the paper to help others make the right choice.
Is it safe to use SpeedyPaper help?
Yes! SpeedyPaper help is a safe academic assistant. If you’ve ever had a bad experience with a writing company, trusting another one takes courage. There’s always a risk of losing time and money and getting a useless paper. It usually takes a few tries to find a reliable writing help service online. But once you do, you’re set for years to come. We hope our writing service can become your trusted academic partner. All you have to do is give us a chance to prove ourselves, and we won’t let you down.
Can I hire someone to write my paper?
Yes, you can hire an expert to do your paper writing. The trick is to find a reliable writer or academic assistance company that will deliver on its promises. At SpeedyPaper, we take pride in providing the best value for money thanks to an extensive writing talent pool and an eagle-eyed quality assurance staff, along with an ever-helpful customer support team.
Who can help me write a paper?
SpeedyPaper - the best writing helper service! We employ hundreds of writers to cover every possible topic, and we can handle urgent orders. Besides, legit writing companies protect your personal data to safeguard your academic record, and revisions and refunds are possible. You won’t get the same security with a freelance writer.
How do I get help with my paper fast?
It takes a couple of minutes to get expert help on our website. Skip to the order form and fill in as much info as possible. Within minutes, we’ll assign the best writer to your case, and you can download the finished paper in six hours if you’re in a rush. You can also contact our support agents to help you tackle the order form if you’re new to the website and can’t wrap your head around some of the fields.
Is it a good idea to seek writing assistance?
It’s not all black and white in the business of getting paper help online. In a perfect world, you would not have to deal with as many useless assignments, or you would have enough time to work on all of them on your own. In the real world, hiring an author is sometimes the only way to stay sane and get a degree without losing it. If you feel stressed, stretched thin, and overwhelmed with schoolwork, it’s a good idea to seek help from a professional writer. And use the few hours of free time to meet with a college counselor to get the extra help you need.
Response Essay Examples
A response essay is a sub-genre of critical writing. It describes your impressions from a book, movie, art, music, research paper, or any other creation. Its distinctive feature is the unlimited subjectivity allowing you to express whatever emotions the analyzed object has evoked. It is the main difference from a standard critical essay which is more objective and requires argumentation.
The structure of a response essay is not too strict. Still, it usually consists of two parts: source overview and personal response to the reading.
Below you can find an extensive list of response essay examples. Please be sure to reference the source whenever you decide to quote any part of them.
75 Best Response Essay Examples
“supersize your child” by richard hayes.
- Subjects: Evolution of Humans Sciences
- Words: 1189
Richard Hayes: Supersize Your Child
- Words: 1210
Applying Learning Models in a Particular Setting
- Subjects: Education Learning Challenges
- Words: 1167
Indecent Behavior in Moral Standards
- Subjects: Ethics Sociology
Lady Anne Clifford’s Life and Family
- Subjects: British Literature Literature
- Words: 1414
Students’ Creativity: Imagination
- Subjects: Education Study Courses and Education Programs
Propaganda in the Democratic Society
- Subjects: Entertainment & Media Journalism
The Negative Consequences of Employing High School Students in Fast Food Restaurants
- Subjects: Business Management
Monstrous and Human Relationship in “Odyssey”
- Subjects: Literature Plays
“Odyssey”: The Relationship between the Monstrous and the Human
Culture and business practices in asia.
- Subjects: Business Employees Management
Kant’s Prolegomena Concerning Any Future Metaphysics
- Subjects: Philosophical Theories Philosophy
- Words: 2271
Relationship Between Body and Consciousness by Jean-Paul Sartre
- Subjects: Philosophical Concept Philosophy
- Words: 1407
Lanling Xiaoxiao Sheng: The Plum in the Golden Vase
- Subjects: Literature World Literature
- Words: 1678
The Church as a Forgiving Community
- Subjects: Religion Religion, Culture & Society
“Integrative Approaches to Psychology and Christianity” by David N. Entwistle
Family and marriage therapy.
- Subjects: Family Psychology Psychology
- Words: 1898
Jackson and His Environment
- Subjects: Behavior Psychology
- Words: 2212
Death Penalty Role in the Criminal Justice System
- Subjects: Politics & Government Social & Political Theory
Job Analysis and Selection
Leading with soul response.
- Words: 1147
Explanation of Cancer Disease
- Subjects: Health & Medicine Oncology
“The Thatcher Revolution” by Earl A. Reitan
- Subjects: History Western Europe
- Words: 1900
Leadership and Communication
Animals with rich histories.
- Subjects: Environment Environmental Studies
Psychology, Theology, and Spirituality in Christian Counseling
- Subjects: Literature on Religion Religion
- Words: 1152
Satellite Dishes Company Marketing Process
- Subjects: Business Marketing
Empowerment of Students for Their Motivation
- Subjects: Academic Performance Education
A Global Health Discussion: Ebola
- Subjects: Epidemiology Health & Medicine
Americans With Disabilities Act
- Subjects: Interpersonal Communication Episodes Psychology
“What is Academic Language?” by James Paul Gee
- Subjects: American Literature Literature
“Revisiting the Commons: Local Lessons, Global Challenges”
- Subjects: Ecology Environment
Climate Change and Corporate World
- Subjects: Climate Change Environment
- Words: 1139
Vision for Your Teaching and Learning & Role as a Teacher-Leader or Teacher-Researcher
- Subjects: Education Teacher Career
- Words: 1129
Cost Benefit Analysis (CBA) in Reducing the Effects of Climate Change
- Subjects: Disasters Environment
Slaughterhouse-Five Movie Analysis
- Subjects: Art Film Studies
Overcoming the Tyranny of Segregated Minds in Desegregated Schools
- Subjects: Education Education Issues
Living Buddha, Living Christ
Experience of reggio emilia critique.
- Subjects: Education Education System
The Art of Pastoring
- Subjects: Religion Religious Education
- Words: 3679
History from the inside out: Prison Life in Nineteenth-Century by L.Goldsmith
- Subjects: History United States
Gender Violence in the News
- Subjects: Sociology Violence
- Words: 1195
The End of History: Views of the Philosophers
- Words: 1963
Antecedents and Outcomes of Entrepreneurial and Market Orientations in a Non-Profit Context
Children in at-risk families.
- Subjects: Family, Life & Experiences Parenting
Families With Members Who Experience Disabilities
- Subjects: Family Members Family, Life & Experiences
“The Experience of Space and Time”
Positivism and interpretivism.
- Subjects: Sciences Scientific Method
Team Learning as a Way of Education
- Subjects: Challenges of Psychology Psychology
Japanese Soldiers in the World War II
- Subjects: Asia History
Origins of Religion
- Words: 1384
Napoleon Bonaparte in his study
- Subjects: Art Paintings
- Words: 1105
System Thinking: Contributing to the Learning Organization
- Subjects: Business Management Priorities
Using Leadership to Improve Ethical Performance
- Subjects: Business Business Ethics
- Words: 1234
Hispanic Americans: Racial Status
- Subjects: Immigration Sociology
Race and Ethnic Relations: American and Global Perspective
- Subjects: Culture Ethnicity Studies
“With Training and Development for All” by Goodman and Preston
- Subjects: Business Global Scale Management
Why No Apple in Europe?
- Subjects: Social Movements Sociology
Last Night I dreamt of Peace
- Subjects: Historical Figures History
Narrative of the Captivity and Restoration of Mrs Mary Rowlandson
Three cups of tea, insights on green automotive development.
- Subjects: Engineering Tech & Engineering
Capitalism: A Love Story: A Reflective Paper
- Subjects: Economic Systems & Principles Economics
- Subjects: Anthropology Sciences
- Words: 1710
Misery – Anton Chekhov. Analysis of Summary and Themes
- Subjects: Dramatic Literature Literature
Infantile Sexuality: Thumb Sucking
- Subjects: Development Psychology
Pride and Arrogance in the “Oedipus the King” by Sophocles
The corporation & our media, not theirs.
- Subjects: Documentaries Entertainment & Media
- Words: 1109
Maldoror and the Completed Works of the Comte de Lautréamont
- Words: 1390
Folklore: Contemporary Legends
- Subjects: Literature Modernist Literature
- Words: 1641
Gods and Humans: Myths of Ancient Rome and Greece
- Subjects: Comparative Literature Literature
Summary: James Wertsch’s “The Multivoicedness of Meaning”.
Social networks benefits and disadvantages.
- Subjects: Sociological Issues Sociology
- Words: 1122
The Problem of Global Overpopulation
Molto agitato: the mayhem behind the music at the metropolitan opera.
- Subjects: Art Music Industry
- Words: 1112
'ZDNET Recommends': What exactly does it mean?
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ZDNET's editorial team writes on behalf of you, our reader. Our goal is to deliver the most accurate information and the most knowledgeable advice possible in order to help you make smarter buying decisions on tech gear and a wide array of products and services. Our editors thoroughly review and fact-check every article to ensure that our content meets the highest standards. If we have made an error or published misleading information, we will correct or clarify the article. If you see inaccuracies in our content, please report the mistake via this form .
How to use ChatGPT to help you write essays
ChatGPT's advanced capabilities have created a huge demand , with the 'app' accumulating over 100 million users within two months of launching. One of the biggest standout features has been its ability to compose all sorts of text within seconds, including songs, poems, bedtime stories, and essays.
Also: What is ChatGPT and why does it matter? Here's everything you need to know
Contrary to popular opinion, ChatGPT can do a lot more than just write an essay for you (which could be called plagiarism). What is more useful is how it can help guide your writing process. If you are a looking for ways to use ChatGPT to support your writing, here are five different ways to explore.
How to improve your writing process with ChatGPT
1. use chatgpt to generate essay ideas.
Before you can even get started writing an essay, you need to flesh out the idea. When professors assign essays, they generally give students a prompt that gives them leeway for their own self-expression and analysis. As a result, students have the task of finding the angle to approach the essay on their own.
If you have written an essay recently, you know this step is often the trickiest part -- and this is where ChatGPT can help.
Also: I wish I had ChatGPT when I was in college. But not for the reason you might expect
All you need to do is input the assignment topic, include as much detail as you'd like -- such as what you're thinking about covering -- and let ChatGPT do the rest. For example, based on a paper prompt I had in college, I asked:
Can you help me come up with a topic idea for this assignment, "You will write a research paper or case study on a leadership topic of your choice." I would like it to include Blake and Mouton's Managerial Leadership Grid and possibly a historical figure.
Within seconds, the chatbot produced a response that provided me with the title of the essay, options of historical figures I could focus my article on, and insight on what information I could include in my paper, with specific examples of a case study I could use.
2. Use the chatbot to create an outline
Once you have a solid topic, it's time to start brainstorming what you actually want to include in the essay. To facilitate the writing process, I always create an outline, including all the different points I want to touch upon in my essay. However, the outline writing process is usually tedious.
With ChatGPT, all you have to do is ask it to write it for you.
Also : ChatGPT productivity hacks: Five ways to use chatbots to make your life easier
Using the topic that ChatGPT helped me generate in step one, I asked the chatbot to write me an outline by saying:
Can you create an outline for a paper, "Examining the Leadership Style of Winston Churchill through Blake and Mouton's Managerial Leadership Grid"
After a couple of seconds, the chatbot outputted a holistic outline divided into seven different sections, with three different points under each section.
This outline is thorough and can be condensed for a shorter essay, or elaborated on for a longer paper. If you don't like something or want to tweak it further, you can do so either manually or with more instructions to ChatGPT.
3. Use ChatGPT to find sources
Now that you know exactly what you want to write, it's time to find reputable sources to get your information from. If you don't know where to start, like with all of the previous steps, you can just ask ChatGPT.
All you need to do is ask it to find sources for your essay topic. For example, I asked it the following:
Can you help me find sources for a paper, "Examining the Leadership Style of Winston Churchill through Blake and Mouton's Managerial Leadership Grid."
Also : The best AI chatbots: ChatGPT and other interesting alternatives to try
The chatbot output seven sources, with a bullet point for each that explained what the source was and why it could be useful.
The one caveat you will want to be aware of when using ChatGPT for sources is that it does not have access to information before 2021, so it will not be able to suggest the freshest sources. However, it is a start.
4. Use ChatGPT to write a sample essay
It is worth noting that if you take the text directly from the chatbot and submit it, your work could be considered a form of plagiarism, since it is not your original work. As with any information taken from another source, text generated by any AI should be clearly identified and credited in your work.
In most educational institutions, the penalties for plagiarism are severe, ranging from a failing grade to expulsion from the school.
Also : ChatGPT is changing everything. But it still has its limits
If you want ChatGPT generate a sample piece of text, put in the topic, the desired length, and watch for what it generates. For example, I input the following text:
Can you write a five-paragraph essay on the topic, "Examining the Leadership Style of Winston Churchill through Blake and Mouton's Managerial Leadership Grid."
Within seconds, the chatbot output exactly what I asked for: A coherent, five-paragraph essay on the topic which can help you to guide you in your own writing.
At this point it's worth remembering how tools like ChatGPT work: They put words together in a form that they think is statistically valid but they don't know if what they are saying is true or accurate. That means you might find invented facts or details or other oddities. It won't be able to create original work because it is simply aggregating everything it has already absorbed. It might be a useful starting point for your own work, but don't expect it to be inspired or accurate.
5. Use ChatGPT to co-edit your essay
Once you've written your own essay, you can use ChatGPT's advanced writing capabilities to edit it for you.
You can simply tell the chatbot what you specifically want it to edit. For example, I asked it to edit for essay structure and grammar, but other options could have included flow, tone, and more.
Once you ask it to edit your essay, it will prompt you to paste your text into the chatbot. Once you do, it will output your essay with corrections made. This could be the most useful tool as it can edit your essay more thoroughly than a basic proofreading tool could, going beyond spelling.
You could also co-edit with the chatbot, asking it to take a look at a specific paragraph or sentence and asking it to rewrite or fix it for clarity.
For a better document collaboration experience, try these tips
How to use ChatGPT: Everything you need to know
The best AI chatbots: ChatGPT and other interesting alternatives to try
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- Example of a great essay | Explanations, tips & tricks
Example of a Great Essay | Explanations, Tips & Tricks
Published on February 9, 2015 by Shane Bryson . Revised on December 6, 2021 by Shona McCombes.
This example guides you through the structure of an essay. It shows how to build an effective introduction , focused paragraphs , clear transitions between ideas, and a strong conclusion .
Each paragraph addresses a single central point, introduced by a topic sentence , and each point is directly related to the thesis statement .
As you read, hover over the highlighted parts to learn what they do and why they work.
An Appeal to the Senses: The Development of the Braille System in Nineteenth-Century France
The invention of Braille was a major turning point in the history of disability. The writing system of raised dots used by visually impaired people was developed by Louis Braille in nineteenth-century France. In a society that did not value disabled people in general, blindness was particularly stigmatized, and lack of access to reading and writing was a significant barrier to social participation. The idea of tactile reading was not entirely new, but existing methods based on sighted systems were difficult to learn and use. As the first writing system designed for blind people’s needs, Braille was a groundbreaking new accessibility tool. It not only provided practical benefits, but also helped change the cultural status of blindness. This essay begins by discussing the situation of blind people in nineteenth-century Europe. It then describes the invention of Braille and the gradual process of its acceptance within blind education. Subsequently, it explores the wide-ranging effects of this invention on blind people’s social and cultural lives.
Lack of access to reading and writing put blind people at a serious disadvantage in nineteenth-century society. Text was one of the primary methods through which people engaged with culture, communicated with others, and accessed information; without a well-developed reading system that did not rely on sight, blind people were excluded from social participation (Weygand, 2009). While disabled people in general suffered from discrimination, blindness was widely viewed as the worst disability, and it was commonly believed that blind people were incapable of pursuing a profession or improving themselves through culture (Weygand, 2009). This demonstrates the importance of reading and writing to social status at the time: without access to text, it was considered impossible to fully participate in society. Blind people were excluded from the sighted world, but also entirely dependent on sighted people for information and education.
In France, debates about how to deal with disability led to the adoption of different strategies over time. While people with temporary difficulties were able to access public welfare, the most common response to people with long-term disabilities, such as hearing or vision loss, was to group them together in institutions (Tombs, 1996). At first, a joint institute for the blind and deaf was created, and although the partnership was motivated more by financial considerations than by the well-being of the residents, the institute aimed to help people develop skills valuable to society (Weygand, 2009). Eventually blind institutions were separated from deaf institutions, and the focus shifted towards education of the blind, as was the case for the Royal Institute for Blind Youth, which Louis Braille attended (Jimenez et al, 2009). The growing acknowledgement of the uniqueness of different disabilities led to more targeted education strategies, fostering an environment in which the benefits of a specifically blind education could be more widely recognized.
Several different systems of tactile reading can be seen as forerunners to the method Louis Braille developed, but these systems were all developed based on the sighted system. The Royal Institute for Blind Youth in Paris taught the students to read embossed roman letters, a method created by the school’s founder, Valentin Hauy (Jimenez et al., 2009). Reading this way proved to be a rather arduous task, as the letters were difficult to distinguish by touch. The embossed letter method was based on the reading system of sighted people, with minimal adaptation for those with vision loss. As a result, this method did not gain significant success among blind students.
Louis Braille was bound to be influenced by his school’s founder, but the most influential pre-Braille tactile reading system was Charles Barbier’s night writing. A soldier in Napoleon’s army, Barbier developed a system in 1819 that used 12 dots with a five line musical staff (Kersten, 1997). His intention was to develop a system that would allow the military to communicate at night without the need for light (Herron, 2009). The code developed by Barbier was phonetic (Jimenez et al., 2009); in other words, the code was designed for sighted people and was based on the sounds of words, not on an actual alphabet. Barbier discovered that variants of raised dots within a square were the easiest method of reading by touch (Jimenez et al., 2009). This system proved effective for the transmission of short messages between military personnel, but the symbols were too large for the fingertip, greatly reducing the speed at which a message could be read (Herron, 2009). For this reason, it was unsuitable for daily use and was not widely adopted in the blind community.
Nevertheless, Barbier’s military dot system was more efficient than Hauy’s embossed letters, and it provided the framework within which Louis Braille developed his method. Barbier’s system, with its dashes and dots, could form over 4000 combinations (Jimenez et al., 2009). Compared to the 26 letters of the Latin alphabet, this was an absurdly high number. Braille kept the raised dot form, but developed a more manageable system that would reflect the sighted alphabet. He replaced Barbier’s dashes and dots with just six dots in a rectangular configuration (Jimenez et al., 2009). The result was that the blind population in France had a tactile reading system using dots (like Barbier’s) that was based on the structure of the sighted alphabet (like Hauy’s); crucially, this system was the first developed specifically for the purposes of the blind.
While the Braille system gained immediate popularity with the blind students at the Institute in Paris, it had to gain acceptance among the sighted before its adoption throughout France. This support was necessary because sighted teachers and leaders had ultimate control over the propagation of Braille resources. Many of the teachers at the Royal Institute for Blind Youth resisted learning Braille’s system because they found the tactile method of reading difficult to learn (Bullock & Galst, 2009). This resistance was symptomatic of the prevalent attitude that the blind population had to adapt to the sighted world rather than develop their own tools and methods. Over time, however, with the increasing impetus to make social contribution possible for all, teachers began to appreciate the usefulness of Braille’s system (Bullock & Galst, 2009), realizing that access to reading could help improve the productivity and integration of people with vision loss. It took approximately 30 years, but the French government eventually approved the Braille system, and it was established throughout the country (Bullock & Galst, 2009).
Although Blind people remained marginalized throughout the nineteenth century, the Braille system granted them growing opportunities for social participation. Most obviously, Braille allowed people with vision loss to read the same alphabet used by sighted people (Bullock & Galst, 2009), allowing them to participate in certain cultural experiences previously unavailable to them. Written works, such as books and poetry, had previously been inaccessible to the blind population without the aid of a reader, limiting their autonomy. As books began to be distributed in Braille, this barrier was reduced, enabling people with vision loss to access information autonomously. The closing of the gap between the abilities of blind and the sighted contributed to a gradual shift in blind people’s status, lessening the cultural perception of the blind as essentially different and facilitating greater social integration.
The Braille system also had important cultural effects beyond the sphere of written culture. Its invention later led to the development of a music notation system for the blind, although Louis Braille did not develop this system himself (Jimenez, et al., 2009). This development helped remove a cultural obstacle that had been introduced by the popularization of written musical notation in the early 1500s. While music had previously been an arena in which the blind could participate on equal footing, the transition from memory-based performance to notation-based performance meant that blind musicians were no longer able to compete with sighted musicians (Kersten, 1997). As a result, a tactile musical notation system became necessary for professional equality between blind and sighted musicians (Kersten, 1997).
Braille paved the way for dramatic cultural changes in the way blind people were treated and the opportunities available to them. Louis Braille’s innovation was to reimagine existing reading systems from a blind perspective, and the success of this invention required sighted teachers to adapt to their students’ reality instead of the other way around. In this sense, Braille helped drive broader social changes in the status of blindness. New accessibility tools provide practical advantages to those who need them, but they can also change the perspectives and attitudes of those who do not.
Bullock, J. D., & Galst, J. M. (2009). The Story of Louis Braille. Archives of Ophthalmology , 127(11), 1532. https://doi.org/10.1001/archophthalmol.2009.286.
Herron, M. (2009, May 6). Blind visionary. Retrieved from https://eandt.theiet.org/content/articles/2009/05/blind-visionary/.
Jiménez, J., Olea, J., Torres, J., Alonso, I., Harder, D., & Fischer, K. (2009). Biography of Louis Braille and Invention of the Braille Alphabet. Survey of Ophthalmology , 54(1), 142–149. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.survophthal.2008.10.006.
Kersten, F.G. (1997). The history and development of Braille music methodology. The Bulletin of Historical Research in Music Education , 18(2). Retrieved from https://www.jstor.org/stable/40214926.
Mellor, C.M. (2006). Louis Braille: A touch of genius . Boston: National Braille Press.
Tombs, R. (1996). France: 1814-1914 . London: Pearson Education Ltd.
Weygand, Z. (2009). The blind in French society from the Middle Ages to the century of Louis Braille . Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Frequently asked questions about writing an essay
An essay is a focused piece of writing that explains, argues, describes, or narrates.
In high school, you may have to write many different types of essays to develop your writing skills.
Academic essays at college level are usually argumentative : you develop a clear thesis about your topic and make a case for your position using evidence, analysis and interpretation.
The structure of an essay is divided into an introduction that presents your topic and thesis statement , a body containing your in-depth analysis and arguments, and a conclusion wrapping up your ideas.
The structure of the body is flexible, but you should always spend some time thinking about how you can organize your essay to best serve your ideas.
Your essay introduction should include three main things, in this order:
- An opening hook to catch the reader’s attention.
- Relevant background information that the reader needs to know.
- A thesis statement that presents your main point or argument.
The length of each part depends on the length and complexity of your essay .
A thesis statement is a sentence that sums up the central point of your paper or essay . Everything else you write should relate to this key idea.
A topic sentence is a sentence that expresses the main point of a paragraph . Everything else in the paragraph should relate to the topic sentence.
At college level, you must properly cite your sources in all essays , research papers , and other academic texts (except exams and in-class exercises).
Add a citation whenever you quote , paraphrase , or summarize information or ideas from a source. You should also give full source details in a bibliography or reference list at the end of your text.
The exact format of your citations depends on which citation style you are instructed to use. The most common styles are APA , MLA , and Chicago .
Cite this Scribbr article
If you want to cite this source, you can copy and paste the citation or click the “Cite this Scribbr article” button to automatically add the citation to our free Citation Generator.
Bryson, S. (2021, December 06). Example of a Great Essay | Explanations, Tips & Tricks. Scribbr. Retrieved March 3, 2023, from https://www.scribbr.com/academic-essay/example-essay-structure/
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Shane finished his master's degree in English literature in 2013 and has been working as a writing tutor and editor since 2009. He began proofreading and editing essays with Scribbr in early summer, 2014.
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Response Essay: 20 New Ideas
Response essay topics: 20 new ideas for students will come in handy if you have been given a free choice of a response essay topic but do not know what to write about. As such, the list of interesting topics provided in this article will definitely help you cope with writing a text response. It can be inferred from the very title that a response essay relates to your personal response to a book (or any other type of reading), a video, a movie, a game, etc. The core aim of writing response essays is to express your own reaction, point of view or a firm standpoint regarding a specific theme, topic or problem mentioned in the reading or a video you are responding to.
Response Essay Topics: 20 New Ideas for Creative Writing
When writing a response paper , you should bear in mind the following response questions:
- What are your emotions/ feelings/ thoughts/ opinions of what you have read/ seen/watched?
- Do you agree or disagree with the information provided?
- Can you provide some personal examples to the situation?
- How can you analyze and evaluate the reading?
The Writing Process of a Response Essay: From Pre-Writing to Post-Writing Stages
When preparing a response essay, it is essential to get the writing process right. As such, find out the following strategy of writing a response paper and look for some response paper sample online:
Read the text you have been assigned for the first time to get the general understanding of it. You need to grasp the idea that lies behind the written text. While reading, try to identify the most vivid themes, symbols, topics, ideas, etc. Besides, pay attention to the literary devices used by the author, the genre of the text, the style of writing, and other peculiarities.
Read the essay assignment once again. It will help you now to better understand what you are required to write about once you have read the assigned text and how to write a response paper in college. If the assignment is too long or just seems complicated for your understanding, try to highlight the keywords in order to know what to pay attention to and what to look for when reading the text again and analyzing it. Make sure the core elements of the assignment you have identified serve as a roadmap to what you need to write about in the response essay.
If you want to know how to write a good response paper, divide your paper into three parts: introduction, the body paragraphs, and conclusion, and work on each of the parts consistently.
Provide background information about the reading you are to respond to. It should be clear to your target audience what the reading is about, who it was written by, what ideas or topic it conveys, etc. Make sure you also indicate the purpose and the main aim of the text.
- The body paragraphs
Make sure you organize your body paragraphs in a clear and concise form. Do not focus merely on retelling the text – rather discuss and evaluate it. Provide your own opinions and responses to different issues encountered in the text. Make sure that each paragraph is devoted to the discussion and analysis of separate ideas. Keep in mind that you should start each body paragraph with a strong and clear topic sentence. Actually, this is a sentence that indicates what you will write about. The idea expressed in the topic sentence should be further elaborated and supported with evidence and examples. Personal experience examples are also recommended. Double-check whether ideas expressed in the body paragraphs are linked to those mentioned in the thesis statement.
Reiterate the thesis and reemphasize the main findings you have obtained. However, make sure you do not repeat the exact phrases and formulations from the introduction or the main body. Paraphrase the core findings in other words. If you have come up with some new ideas or revelations, make sure to pinpoint to them in the conclusion.
Six Best Ways to Respond to an Essay
If you have never written a response essay before, you should definitely read six best ways to respond to an essay:
- Write your response paper in the present tense;
- Vary the length of sentences in order not to make your essay boring and predictable in terms of writing style. Avoid long, sophisticated, and confusing sentences.
- Connect all arguments or claims you out forward to the ideas expressed in the thesis statement. Make sure the essay is logically developed.
- Provide examples from personal experience.
- Do not ignore the pre-writing stage of devising a plan or an outline. Write a rough draft if you have sufficient time.
- Proofread the paper after completion.
Creative Response Essay Topics for Your Classes
If you want to submit an impressive response essay paper, you should definitely come up with creative response essay topics.
- The evolution of the employment area: the influence of the global competitiveness.
- The impact of global warming on the territory you live in.
- The impact of drug and alcohol abuse on adolescents.
- The influence of globalization trends. Do the countries get advantages from globalization?
- The evolution of the world economy over the recent years.
- The issue of work satisfaction in the modern-day society and culture.
- Should people who are illegally immigrating be given citizenship?
- Should cigarettes be prohibited in all public places?
- Terrorist activity across the world. Provide clear examples.
- Advantages and disadvantages of the cultural diversity in the workplace.
- How could terrorism be eliminated?
- Should corporal punishment be made legal?
- Should prisoners receive education while in prison?
- Are there effective ways to eradicate bullying?
- How can one eliminate poverty?
- By what means can people be informed about their basic human rights?
- Should people accept homosexuality with a more welcoming tone?
- How to eradicate harassment at work?
- How are youths psychologically affected by technological gadgets?
- Are paperback books just as popular as before?
- Is there a growing gap between the rich and the poor?
- Pros and cons of wearing uniforms at school.
- Should the current laws in your country be revised? Why?
- Have you traced the change in the perception of beauty? In what way?
- Respond to how the problems depicted in Romeo and Juliet are relevant to the current issues in the society concerning romantic love and the youths.
- Respond to one of the paintings you have recently seen.
- Is corruption a grave problem nowadays?
- In what countries is immigration unfavorable?
- Respond to one of the most famous speeches that proved to be influential on the world’s history.
- Your response to one of the recent accidents that shocked the society.
- Respond to how you differentiate style and fashion.
- Respond to one event that you view to be the greatest in history.
- What factors cause the increasing rates of criminal activities in the modern society?
- Respond to the invention of e-cars and their further impact on the technological development in the society.
- Spheres of widespread sexual abuse. What impact does it have on the society in terms of psychological factors?
- Why are some people shy?
- Respond to the modern-day world scenario.
How Can a Student Write a Response Essay?
- He/ she can agree with the points presented in the article and provide at least two reasons with solid argumentations why.
- He/ she can disagree with the reading and provide at least two reasons and supporting factors why.
- He/ she can agree/ disagree with a part or section of the reading and justify the response.
- He/ she can provide a critique or evaluation of a specific rhetoric applied in the reading, such as audience, purpose, etc.
- He/ she can identify one idea expressed in the article and relate personal experience to it.
- He/ she can focus on discussing personal reaction to the article and investigating how the author’s way of writing made him/ her think in a particular way.
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A Response Essay Writing Guide with 100 Topics
Response essays allow students to present their point of view based on personal experience, research and learning. It is to be noted that the potential readers and target audience are interested in knowing your perspectives and reactions on the chosen topic.
You need to maintain a balance between the author’s original work or the subject matter being dealt with and your personal reaction or response concerning the topic. Remember, the readers are accustomed to the book you might be talking about. They are here to explore the other dimension. Therefore, it becomes absolutely crucial for the students to come up with genuine responses based on the derivations made after reading through the author’s work.
Before writing the essay , it is important to choose an intriguing topic. Here are 100 best response essay topics that will help you draft a stellar paper.
100 Inspirational Response Essay Topics
- The impact of global competitiveness in the field of employment
- The influence of drug abuse on young adults
- The effects of globalisation and how far is it advantageous
- The role of young working mothers in today’s fast moving world
- Job satisfaction in today’s work culture
- How has world economy changed over time?
- Should illegal immigrants be made legit citizens?
- Is global warming a myth?
- Why should governments put a ban on tobacco?
- Your take on the increasing number of terrorist activities with each passing day
- Should eve teasers be sentenced to stricter sentences?
- The good and ill effects of cultural diversities
- How do you wish to put an end to terrorism?
- What psychological effects an individual suffers from staying at a place away from human civilisation?
- Should capital punishment be practised?
- What can be done in order to secure the life of homeless people?
- Should prisoners be taught academic lessons within the jail premise?
- The influence of music on college students
- Can there be a better and more effective way to stop bullying?
- Different ways of reducing poverty
- What steps can be taken to educate the ones who can’t afford institutional classes?
- What steps should be taken to help every human being with basic rights?
- Should athletes get free sports gear?
- What can be the potential factors behind widespread terrorism across the globe?
- How can commoners avoid being victims of criminal activities?
- Should people be more open and welcoming in the acceptance of homosexuality in society?
- How do you plan to stop workplace harassment and bullying?
- What are the challenges faced by aspiring armies
- What potential activities can help in engaging more employees in the workplace?
- Should there be a ban on alcohol use?
- How Smartphone affects the psychology of young adults?
- Is monetary success more precious than peace of mind?
- Books vs. Internet
- How far have humans proved humanity?
- Are the rich getting richer and the poor getting poorer?
- What safety measures should be taken in order to avoid workplace mishaps?
- Is the modern day economic structure making people across the globe workaholic?
- “All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy” – How far is the notion true in today’s world?
- Should there be a revision in the mandatory working hours prevalent in your country?
- Is there a need for further infrastructural development in the old-age homes in your country?
- Why is school uniform important?
- Analysis of human behaviour and how people react in various situations
- Should the current laws in your country be revised or changed?
- What are your opinions about terrorists creating suicide bombers?
- How has the definition of beauty changed over time?
- Your response to the poem The Waste Land by T.S. Eliot
- Your take on Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet in contrast with the modern day scenario
- Analysis of a famous painting
- Is there a bigger problem than corruption in our society?
- What better ways can be implemented to teach children the real value of life
- Your response to the health issues faced by people due to pollution and food adulteration
- Is immigration unfavourable for your country’s economy?
- What potential steps can be taken by nuclear families to manage finance in a better way?
- Your reaction on a famous speech related to world history
- Your reaction on a recent incident that shook the world
- Are fashion and style the same thing?
- Your response to the current neighbourhood scene in your locality
- The influence of global warming in your country and what is your reaction
- To what extent is a particular theory relevant?
- How do you wish to bring a change in the current economic scenario of the nation?
- Your response to the famous and infamous speech of someone popular
- Laughter is the best medicine. Do you agree?
- Analysis of a particular event that took place in history
- Your response to the factors that contribute to criminal activities in a society
- Can academic classes be held outside classrooms?
- To what extent is the idea of examination helpful?
- Should there be global health coverage for people belonging to all sorts of economic background?
- Your response to the invention of automatic cars and what potential impact it can have on people
- Sexual abuse and its impact on society
- What makes people shy? Your reaction on the contributing factors
- What possible limitations a single mother has to face in today’s world?
- Your reaction to the current war scenario of the world
- The effect of emotional stress on humans
- To what extent parents should be liberal towards their children?
- What new reforms can make this world a better place to live?
- Is victimless crime a myth or does it really exists?
- Should human judge each other and to what extent?
- “Money matters a lot” – How far is it relevant? Your response on this matter
- How are habits formed and how behaviours tend to change?
- How can employee satisfaction be regulated?
- Employee payment scenario in the underdeveloped countries
- Safety measures followed in your country to avoid road accidents
- Is there a further need for the world to work on the context of sustainable development?
- Your reaction to the current education system prevalent in the nation
- Should censorship in certain fields be lifted?
- Should the basic necessities be made free of cost for the downtrodden?
- Is it important for people to work?
- Considering the current economic status of your nation, where do you wish to see the country 10 years from now?
- Is a substitute for terminal examinations possible?
- Do the oil firms make a better profit and earn more revenues as compared to other trades?
- Shall the country be more liberal towards embracing new cultural changes?
- Is the use of body scanner acceptable to one and all?
- What should be an ideal form of government according to the present situation of your country?
- How has the invention of the computer changed our lifestyle?
- Can employment for all eliminate crime from society?
- Home Education vs. School Education
- Should machines replace humans?
- Are robots going to control the world 100 years from now?
- The pros and cons of free speech on university campuses
- Should education be free for all?
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Response Essay Examples that will Give you Full Insight 2022 Update
– Response Essay Examples –
Response Essay: Writing a response essay might seem like a challenging task at first. Firstly, you need to understand to a great extent what the study that you are responding to is talking about and then make sure that you write an insightful, true-to-the-source essay about it.
Even if you need to write a response essay as part of your homework for faculty studies or high school assignments or you want to exercise your argumentative skills, it might seem like a lot of work at first. However, having in mind a clear structure of your future response essay is essential.
Most of the time when you are tasked with an essay about a book or article you’ve read for a class, you will be expected to write in a professional and impersonal voice. But the regular rules change a bit when you write a response paper .
A response (or reaction) paper differs from the formal review primarily in that it is written in the first person . Unlike in more formal writing, the use of phrases like “I thought” and “I believe” is encouraged in a response paper.
You’ll still have a thesis and will need to back up your opinion with evidence from the work, but this type of paper spotlights your reaction as a reader or viewer.
A Brief Summary of a Response Essay
Response Essay Examples: Keeping everything in mind, the essential parts of a response essay and the main suggestions that you have to keep in mind when starting to write are:
➛ Paragraph 1: The first part of the introduction needs to be vivid, catchy, and reflect the point you are about to make.
➛ Paragraph 2: Provide a context to your response essay: details about the source-text and the author and what the main points in the article are.
➛ State your position regarding the ideas presented in the introduction and if you agree with the author’s take on the matter or not.
➛ Mention if you are going to question the author’s position or expand on the author’s account of the facts.
➛ Give clear arguments pro or against the matter and allocate one paragraph to each of these arguments.
➛ Use statistics, story-telling, research findings, scientific discoveries, and any other tools suggested in this article.
➛ Provide an insightful and catchy conclusion that correlates with the introduction you have chosen for your response essay .
Get Started: Writing an Introduction
One important thing when writing a response essay is the way you structure the introduction. This is one of the key parts of your essay, as it embodies the topic you are about to debate and the premises you are basing your essay on. The introduction will make your audience decide if they want to keep reading your response essay or not. This is why you must keep in mind the following tips:
➛ An introduction is all about catching your audience’s attention
➛ It should provide a brief description of the topic
➛ You should be able to briefly summarize your thesis
➛ Don’t forget to give a short description of the author and the article you are responding to.
It might be the case that the source article that you are about to discuss contains several parts or has different ideas which can be debated and your response article refers only to a part of them.
In this case, don’t forget to also mention this. Do not forget that you need to keep it short and catchy. keep reading Response Essay Examples .
A Sample Response or Reaction Paper
For more insight on Response Essay Examples, here is a report was written by a student in an introductory psychology course. Look at the paper closely to see how it follows the guidelines for report writing described above.
Dr. Viktor Frankl’s book Man’s Search for Meaning ( New York: Washington Square Press, 1966 ) is both an autobiographical account of his years as a prisoner in Nazi concentration camps and a presentation of his ideas about the meaning of life. The three years of deprivation and suffering he spent at Auschwitz and other Nazi camps led to the development of his theory of Logotherapy, which, very briefly, states that the primary force in human beings is “a striving to find a meaning in one’s life” (154). Without a meaning in life, Frankl feels, we experience emptiness and loneliness that lead to apathy and despair. This need for meaning was demonstrated to Frankl time and again with both himself and other prisoners who were faced with the horrors of camp existence. Frankl was able to sustain himself partly through the love he felt for his wife. In a moment of spiritual insight, he realized that his love was stronger and more meaningful than death, and would be a real and sustaining force within him even if he knew his wife was dead.
Frankl’s comrades also had reasons to live that gave them strength. One had a child waiting for him; another was a scientist who was working on a series of books that needed to be finished. Finally, Frankl and his friends found meaning through their decision to accept and bear their fate with courage. He says that the words of Dostoevsky came frequently to mind: “There is one thing that I dread: not to be worthy of my suffering.” When Frankl’s prison experience was over and he returned to his profession of psychiatry, he found that his theory of meaning held true not only for the prisoners but for all people. He has since had great success in working with patients by helping them locate in their own lives’ meanings of love, work, and suffering. One of my reactions to the book was the relationship I saw between the “Capos” and ideas about anxiety, standards, and aggression discussed in our psychology class. The Capos were prisoners who acted as trustees, and Frankl says they acted more cruelly toward the prisoners than the guards or the SS men. Several psychological factors help explain this cruelty. The Capos must have been suppressing intense anxiety about “selling themselves out” to the Nazis in return for small favors. Frankl and other prisoners must have been a constant reminder to the Capos of the courage and integrity they themselves lacked. When our behaviors and values are threatened by someone else acting in a different way, one way we may react is with anger and aggression. The Capos are an extreme example of how, if the situation is right, we may be capable of great cruelty to those whose actions threaten our standards. I think that Frankl’s idea that meaning is the most important force in human beings helps explain some of the disorder and discontent in the world today. Many people are unhappy because they are caught in jobs where they have no responsibility and creativity; their work lacks meaning. Many are also unhappy because our culture seems to stress sexual technique in social relationships rather than human caring. People buy popular books that may help them become better partners in bed, but that may not make them more sensitive to each other’s human needs. Where there is no real care, there is no meaning. To hide the inner emptiness that results from impersonal work and sex, people busy themselves with the accumulation of material things. With television sets, stereos, cars, expensive clothes, and the like, they try to forget that their lives lack true meaning instead of working or going to school to get a meaningful job, or trying to be decent human beings. I have also found that Frankl’s idea that suffering can have meaning helps me understand the behavior of people I know. I have a friend named Jim who was always poor and did not have much of a family—only a stepmother who never cared for him as much as for her own children. What Jim did have, though, was determination. He worked two jobs to save money to go to school, and then worked and went to school at the same time. The fact that his life was hard seemed to make him bear down all the more. On the other hand, I can think of a man in my neighborhood who for all the years I’ve known him has done nothing with his life. He spends whole days smoking and looking at cars going by. He is a burned-out case. Somewhere in the past his problems must have become too much for him, and he gave up. He could have found meaning in his life by deciding to fight his troubles like Jim, but he didn’t, and now he is a sad shadow of a man. Without determination and the desire to face his hardships, he lost his chance to make his life meaningful. In conclusion, I would strongly recommend Frankl’s book to persons who care about why they are alive, and who want to truly think about the purpose and meaning of their lives
That’s it on Response Essay Examples, I hope you learned one or two from it. I also believe that you will make it on the real deal as you go to tackle it. Do well to also share with your friends.
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How to Write a Response Essay With Magazine Article Example Virginia Kearney Jun 13, 2022 5:39 PM EDT Reading Response Essays 1. Summarize a text, media or picture. 2. Give your response: what you think and why. Here's a sample response paper using "Under My Skin" by Chris Adrian 742680 CC0 Public Domain via Pixaby Outline
Example: According to Mary Johnson in "Cell Phones are Dangerous," we should not use our phones while driving and should educate others not to use them either. Johnson gives statistics showing that talking on a cell phone is as dangerous as driving drunk. Moreover, she points out the increasing number of accidents caused by cell phone use.
Sample: Effective Response #1 . The article could have been much more convincing if the author didn't begin most of his back-up arguments with "I", it gave the article a complaining and ranting tone, when an argument is explained like "a real course creates intellectual joy, at least in some. I don't think an internet
A good response is persuasive; therefore, it should cite facts, examples, and personal experience that either refutes or supports the article you're responding to, depending on your stance. Two Typical Organizational Formats for Summary/Response Essays: 1. Present the summary in a block of paragraphs, followed by the response in a block:
When writing a response essay, you can include statements like the following: I felt that In my opinion The reader can conclude that The author seems to I did not like This aspect didn't work for me because The images seemed to The author was [was not] successful in making me feel I was especially moved by I didn't understand the connection between
For example, if your response essay is talking about protecting the environment and you want to show your agreement with the ideas presented in the original essay, then you should build your response essay around the idea of consolidating the thoughts in the main source.
For example, if your response to a song was horrible, state that in your thesis along with the points you will make to show it was horrible. Thesis statements aren't concrete. As you begin molding your essay, you might find your thesis statement changing and morphing. This is completely okay.
Here are some examples of how to write summary and response essay to the article: «What Running Can't Do for You» by James F. Fixx Summary: In his article entitled «What Running Can't Do for You» James F. Fixx criticizes those who talk about running as if it were a religion.
Article Response - Essay Example Add to wishlist Cite this document Summary For example, not all the youths or music in pop talks about sex and drugs. Some educate people of the bad norms in the society and even give solution to the problems faced. Pop culture defined life… Download full paper File format: .doc, available for editing
This is what your article critical response essay needs: Introduction: A couple of sentences that gives the reader some insight into your opinion about the topic. Explain why you are writing about this article/subject. Give at least one reason why someone else might be interested in reading it- after all, they are reading your paper!
For example, it can be something meaningful about the text or your attitude to what you have liked or disliked. Alternatively, it can deal with an assumption that you have made after the reading or a question that you would like to explore. In any case, it must be informative and related to the original text The Response Paper Introduction.
In any case, each reader response essay example consists of two parts: a summary and a personal reaction. Summary When writing the first part of the work, you should follow these steps: Specify the name and author of the text, the date of publication and the publishing house. Present a short retelling of the material. Use your own wordings.
Sample response paper "Typography and Identity" in PDF with margin notes. Sample response paper "Typography and Identity" accessible version with notes in parentheses. This page titled 5.7: Sample Response Essays is shared under a CC BY-NC 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Anna Mills ( ASCCC Open Educational Resources ...
Writing Steps of a Critical Response Essay Step 1: Pre-Writing A. Analysis of Writing Situation Purpose. Before a student begins writing a critical response essay, he or she must identify the main reason for communication to the audience by using a formal essay format.
PART 1: A SUMMARY OF THE WORK To develop the first part of a report, do the following: Identify the author and title of the work and include in parentheses the publisher and publication date. For magazines, give the date of publication. Write an informative summary of the material.
To write a reader response, develop a clear thesis statement and choose example passages from the text that support your thesis. Next, write an introduction paragraph that specifies the name of the text, the author, the subject matter, and your thesis. Then, include 3-4 paragraphs that discuss and analyze the text. Finish up with a conclusion paragraph that summarizes your arguments and brings ...
Critical response essay examples need to keep in mind that when structuring your introduction, there are a few important pieces to it: first, you want to connect the literature that was mentioned in the body of the paper with what you are planning on writing about in this essay; second, include quotes from both the article and other sources so ...
75 Best Response Essay Examples "Supersize Your Child" by Richard Hayes Genetic engineering on the other hand is the manipulation of the genetic structure of an organism where the major procedure is that of combining different genetic forms, so as to nurture desired features and shed [...] Subjects: Evolution of Humans Sciences Pages: 4 Words: 1189
1. Use ChatGPT to generate essay ideas. Before you can even get started writing an essay, you need to flesh out the idea. When professors assign essays, they generally give students a prompt that ...
Critical Response Essay Example. A critical response essay can analyze a piece of nonfiction or fiction writing. Below is an example paragraph from a critical response essay. The main parts of the ...
An essay is a focused piece of writing that explains, argues, describes, or narrates.. In high school, you may have to write many different types of essays to develop your writing skills.. Academic essays at college level are usually argumentative: you develop a clear thesis about your topic and make a case for your position using evidence, analysis and interpretation.
The Writing Process of a Response Essay: From Pre-Writing to Post-Writing Stages. When preparing a response essay, it is essential to get the writing process right. As such, find out the following strategy of writing a response paper and look for some response paper sample online: Pre-Writing Stage
100 Inspirational Response Essay Topics. The impact of global competitiveness in the field of employment. The influence of drug abuse on young adults. The effects of globalisation and how far is it advantageous. The role of young working mothers in today's fast moving world. Job satisfaction in today's work culture.
Response Essay Examples that will Give you Full Insight 2022 Update Filed in Education by TMLT Editorials on January 18, 2022 Tags: Essay, Essay Examples, Response Essay, Response Essay Examples, Response Essay Examples that will Give you Full Insight. « Essay Examples topics you should know at your Fingertips 2022 Update